Search results for 'psychopathology' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Edward Erwin (1999). Curing Psychopathology: Can Philosophy Help? Philosophical Explorations 2 (3):189-205.score: 24.0
    It is argued that philosophers can contribute indirectly to the cure of psychopathology by helping to resolve problems that impede the development of effective treatments. Two such problems are discussed. The first arises because different schools of therapy use conflicting criteria in evaluating therapeutic outcomes. A theory of Defective Desires is developed to deal with this problem. The second issue, which divides the field of psychotherapy, concerns the need for experiments, especially in validating claims of therapeutic efficacy. An epistemological (...)
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  2. Andrew Sneddon (2002). Towards Externalist Psychopathology. Philosophical Psychology 15 (3):297-316.score: 24.0
    The "width" of the mind is an important topic in contemporary philosophical psychology. Support for active externalism derives from theoretical, engineering, and observational perspectives. Given the history of psychology, psychopathology is notable in its absence from the list of avenues of support for the idea that some cognitive processes extend beyond the physical bounds of the organism in question. The current project is to defend the possibility, plausibility, and desirability of externalist psychopathology. Doing so both adds to the (...)
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  3. Gerben Meynen & Jacco Verburgt (2009). Psychopathology and Causal Explanation in Practice. A Critical Note on Heidegger's Zollikon Seminars. Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 12 (1):57-66.score: 24.0
    From 1959 until 1969, Heidegger lectured to psychiatrists and psychiatry students at the University of Zurich Psychiatric Clinic and in Zollikon. The transcriptions of these lectures were published as the Zollikon Seminars. In these seminars Heidegger is highly critical of psychoanalysis, because of its causal and objectifying approach to the human being. In general, Heidegger considers it an objectification or even an elimination of the human being to approach a patient from a causal perspective. In our view Heidegger has overlooked (...)
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  4. George Graham & Lester D. Stephens (1994). An Introduction to Philosophical Psychopathology: Its Nature, Scope, and Emergence. In George Graham & G.L. Stephens (eds.), Philosophical Psychopathology. MIT Press.score: 24.0
     
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  5. G. E. Berrios (1996). The History of Mental Symptoms: Descriptive Psychopathology Since the Nineteenth Century. Cambridge University Press.score: 24.0
    Since psychiatry remains a descriptive discipline, it is essential for its practitioners to understand how the language of psychiatry came to be formed. This important book, written by a psychiatrist-historian, traces the genesis of the descriptive categories of psychopathology and examines their interaction with the psychological and philosophical context within which they arose. The author explores particularly the language and ideas that have characterised descriptive psychopathology from the mid-nineteenth century to the present day. He presents a masterful survey (...)
     
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  6. K. William M. Fulford (1994). Value, Illness, and Failure of Action: Framework for a Philosophical Psychopathology of Delusions. In George Graham & Lester D. Stephens (eds.), Philosophical Psychopathology. MIT Press.score: 24.0
  7. Daniel D. Hutto (2010). Radical Enactivism and Narrative Practice: Implications for Psychopathology. In T. Fuchs, P. Henningsen & H. Sattel (eds.), Coherence and Disorders of the Embodied Self. Schattauer.score: 22.0
    Many psychopathological disorders – clinical depression, borderline personality disorder, schizophrenia and autistic spectrum disorder (ASD) – are commonly classified as disorders of the self. In an intuitive sense this sort of classification is unproblematic. There can be no doubt that such disorders make a difference to one’s ability to form and maintain a coherent sense of oneself in various ways. However, any theoretically rigourous attempt to show that they relate to underlying problems with say, such things as minimal selves or, (...)
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  8. Yazan Abu Ghazal (2014). Perspectivity in Psychiatric Research: The Psychopathology of Schizophrenia in Postwar Germany. [REVIEW] Medicine Studies 4 (1-4):103-111.score: 22.0
    The reorganization of psychiatric knowledge at the turn of the twentieth century derived from Emil Kraepelin’s clinical classification of psychoses. Surprisingly, within just few years, Kraepelin’s simple dichotomy between dementia praecox and manic-depressive psychosis succeeded in giving psychiatry a new framework that is still used until the present day. Unexpectedly, Kraepelin’s simple clinical scheme based on the dichotomy replaced the significantly more differentiated nosography that dominated psychiatric research in the last three decades of the nineteenth century . Moreover, although all (...)
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  9. Tim Thornton (1997). Reasons and Causes in Philosophy and Psychopathology. Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 4 (4):307-317.score: 21.0
    This paper examines the account offered by Bolton and Hill (1996) of how reasons can be causes, and thus how symptoms of mental disorders can be both caused and carry meaning. The central problem is to reconcile the causal and rationalizing powers of content-laden mental states. I draw out these two aspects by putting them in the context of recent work in analytical philosophy, including Davidson's token identity theory and his account of mental disorder. The latter, however, can be used (...)
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  10. Tim Thornton (2003). Psychopathology and Two Kinds of Narrative Accounts of the Self. Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 10 (4):361-368.score: 21.0
  11. Hubert L. Dreyfus (1989). Alternative Philosophical Conceptualizations of Psychopathology. In Phenomenology and Beyond: The Self and its Language. Dordrecht: Kluwer.score: 21.0
    Home Courses Selected Papers Selected Books C.V. Dreydegger.org Phil. Faculty Dept. Philosophy UC Berkeley.
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  12. Elizabeth H. Flanagan (2000). Essentialism and a Folk-Taxonomic Approach to the Classification of Psychopathology. Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 7 (3):183-189.score: 21.0
  13. Kelso Cratsley & Richard Samuels (2013). Cognitive Science and Explanations of Psychopathology. In K. W. M. Fulford (ed.), The Oxford Handbook of Philosophy and Psychiatry. Oxford University Press. 413.score: 21.0
  14. Graham F. Macdonald (1999). Folk-Psychology, Psychopathology, and the Unconscious. Philosophical Explorations 2 (3):206-224.score: 21.0
    There is a 'philosophers' assumption that there is a problem with the very notion of an unconscious mental state.The paper begins by outlining how the problem is generated, and proceeds to argue that certain conditions need to be fulfilled if the unconscious is to qualify as mental. An explanation is required as to why we would ever expect these conditions to be fulfilled, and it is suggested that the Freudian concept of repression has an essential role to play in such (...)
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  15. B. A. Maher (1999). Anomalous Experience in Everyday Life: Its Significance for Psychopathology. The Monist 82 (4):547-70.score: 21.0
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  16. Javier Saavedra Macías & Rafael Velez Núñez (2011). The Other Self: Psychopathology and Literature. [REVIEW] Journal of Medical Humanities 32 (4):257-267.score: 21.0
    The figure of the “double” or the other self is an important topic in the history of literature. Many centuries before Jean Paul Richter coined the term, “doppelgänger,” at the beginning of the Romantic Movement in the year 1796, it is possible to find the figure of the double in myths and legends. The issue of the double emphaszses the contradictory character of the human being and invokes a sinister dimension of the psychological world, what has been called in German (...)
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  17. V. Menon (2011). Large-Scale Brain Networks and Psychopathology: A Unifying Triple Network Model. Trends in Cognitive Sciences 15 (10):483-506.score: 21.0
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  18. G. Lynn Stephens & George Graham (1994). Self-Consciousness, Mental Agency, and the Clinical Psychopathology of Thought-Insertion. Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 1 (1):1-10.score: 21.0
  19. Tilo Kircher & Anthony S. David (2003). Self-Consciousness: An Integrative Approach From Philosophy, Psychopathology and the Neurosciences. In Tilo Kircher & Anthony S. David (eds.), The Self in Neuroscience and Psychiatry. Cambridge University Press. 445-473.score: 21.0
  20. Nava R. Silton & Joshua Fogel (2010). Religiosity, Empathy, and Psychopathology Among Young Adult Children of Rabbis. Archive for the Psychology of Religion 32 (3):277-291.score: 21.0
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  21. George Graham & G. Lynn Stephens (1994). Philosophical Psychopathology. MIT Press.score: 21.0
  22. Sven C. Mueller (2011). The Influence of Emotion on Cognitive Control: Relevance for Development and Adolescent Psychopathology. Frontiers in Psychology 2.score: 21.0
    The last decade has witnessed an explosion of research into the neural mechanisms underlying emotion processing on the one hand and cognitive control and executive function on the other hand. More recently, studies have begun to directly address interactions between emotion and cognitive control but many questions remain currently unresolved. Interestingly, parallel to investigations in healthy adults, research in developmental cognitive neuroscience and developmental affective disorders has provided some intriguing findings that complement the adult literature. The goal of this review (...)
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  23. José M. Villagrán (2003). Consciousness Disorders in Schizophrenia: A Forgotten Land for Psychopathology. International Journal of Psychology and Psychological Therapy 3 (2):209-234.score: 21.0
  24. Zoe Drayson (2009). Embodied Cognitive Science and its Implications for Psychopathology. Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 16 (4):329-340.score: 18.0
    The past twenty years have seen an increase in the importance of the body in psychology, neuroscience, and philosophy of mind. This 'embodied' trend challenges the orthodox view in cognitive science in several ways: it downplays the traditional 'mind-as-computer' approach and emphasizes the role of interactions between the brain, body, and environment. In this article, I review recent work in the area of embodied cognitive science and explore the approaches each takes to the ideas of consciousness, computation and representation. Finally, (...)
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  25. Louis Sass, Josef Parnas & Dan Zahavi (2011). Phenomenological Psychopathology and Schizophrenia: Contemporary Approaches and Misunderstandings. Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 18 (1):1–23.score: 18.0
    The phenomenological approach to schizophrenia has undergone something of a renaissance in Anglophone psychiatry in recent years. There has been a proliferation of works that focus on the nature of subjectivity in schizophrenia and related disorders, and that take inspiration from the work of such German and French philosophers as Husserl, Heidegger, and Merleau-Ponty, and such classical psychiatrists as Minkowski, Blankenburg, and Binswanger (Rulf 2003; Sass 2001a, 2001b). This trend includes predominantly theoretical articles, which typically incorporate clinical material as well (...)
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  26. Thomas Fuchs (2013). Temporality and Psychopathology. Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences 12 (1):75-104.score: 18.0
    The paper first introduces the concept of implicit and explicit temporality, referring to time as pre-reflectively lived vs. consciously experienced. Implicit time is based on the constitutive synthesis of inner time consciousness on the one hand, and on the conative–affective dynamics of life on the other hand. Explicit time results from an interruption or negation of implicit time and unfolds itself in the dimensions of present, past and future. It is further shown that temporality, embodiment and intersubjectivity are closely connected: (...)
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  27. Mark H. Bickhard, Psychopathology.score: 18.0
    In this paper I wish to address the question of the nature of psychopathology. It might naturally be felt that we already know a great deal about psychopathology, and thus that such a paper would be primarily a review and discussion of the literature; I will argue, however, that the most fundamental form of the question concerning the nature of psychopathology is rarely posed in the literature, that it is prevented from being posed by presuppositions inherent in (...)
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  28. Harold Kincaid & Jacqueline Anne Sullivan (2014). Classifying Psychopathology: Mental Kinds and Natural Kinds. In Classifying Psychopathology: Mental Kinds and Natural Kinds. 1-10.score: 18.0
     
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  29. Paavo Pylkkänen (2010). Implications of Bohmian Quantum Ontology for Psychopathology. Neuroquantology 8 (1):37-48.score: 18.0
    This article discusses the prospects of quantum psychiatry from a Bohmian point of view, which provides an ontological interpretation of quantum theory, and extends such ontology to include mind. At first, we discuss the more general relevance of quantum theory to psychopathology. The basic idea is that because quantum theory emphasizes the role of wholeness, it might be relevant to psychopathology, where breakdown of unity in the mental domain is a key feature. We then discuss the role of (...)
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  30. Hanna Pickard (2013). Psychopathology and the Ability to Do Otherwise. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 89 (3):n/a-n/a.score: 18.0
    When philosophers want an example of a person who lacks the ability to do otherwise, they turn to psychopathology. Addicts, agoraphobics, kleptomaniacs, neurotics, obsessives, and even psychopathic serial murderers, are all purportedly subject to irresistible desires that compel the person to act: no alternative possibility is supposed to exist. I argue that this conception of psychopathology is false and offer an empirically and clinically informed understanding of disorders of agency which preserves the ability to do otherwise. First, I (...)
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  31. Tim Thornton (2004). Wittgenstein and the Limits of Empathic Understanding in Psychopathology. International Review of Psychiatry.score: 18.0
    Summary The aim of this paper is three-fold. Firstly, to briefly set out how strategic choices made about theorising about intentionality or content have actions at a distance for accounting for delusion. Secondly, to investigate how successfully a general difficulty facing a broadly interpretative approach to delusions might be eased by the application of any of three Wittgensteinian interpretative tools. Thirdly, to draw a general moral about how the later Wittgenstein gives more reason to be pessimistic than optimistic about the (...)
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  32. Thomas Fuchs (2010). The Psychopathology of Hyperreflexivity. Journal of Speculative Philosophy 24 (3):239-255.score: 18.0
    The structure of human embodiment is fundamentally characterized by a polarity or ambiguity between Leib and Körper, the subjective body and the objectified body, or between being-body and having-a-body. This ambiguity, emphasized, above all, by Helmuth Plessner and Maurice Merleau-Ponty, is also of crucial significance for psychopathology. Insofar as mental illnesses disturb or interrupt the unhindered conduct of one’s life, they also exacerbate the tension within embodiment that holds between being-body and having-a-body. In mental illnesses, there is a failure (...)
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  33. Martin Brüne (2006). Evolutionary Psychiatry is Dead – Long Liveth Evolutionary Psychopathology. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 29 (4):408-408.score: 18.0
    Keller & Miller (K&M) propose that many psychiatric disorders are best explained in terms of a genetic watershed model. This view challenges traditional evolutionary accounts of psychiatric disorders, many of which have tried to argue in support of a presumed balanced polymorphism, implying some hidden adaptive advantage of the alleles predisposing people to psychiatric disorders. Does this mean that evolutionary ideas are no longer viable to explain psychiatric disorders? The answer is no. However, K&M's critical evaluation supports the view that (...)
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  34. Richard Mullen (2011). Psychopathology Divergent: Phenomenology and Empiricism. Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 18 (2):157-161.score: 18.0
    Psychopathology has two styles. On the one hand, a tradition of phenomenological inquiry, associated in particular with the work of Karl Jaspers, that may be considered as the continental way of approaching psychopathology. On the other hand, an empirical approach more associated with the English-speaking world, which emphasizes the need for objectivity of measurement, and is as close as psychiatry gets to dustbowl empiricism. Stanghellini’s book, Disembodied Spirits and Deanimated Bodies (2004), is undoubtedly in the first tradition. It (...)
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  35. Eric Brown, Stoic Psychopathology.score: 18.0
    Apathy is the best-known feature of Stoicism; even Webster's records that a Stoic lives without passions.1 But it remains unclear what Stoic apathy amounts to, because it remains unclear what Stoics understand by passions and why they find passions problematic. In this essay, I start with four unsettled questions about the Stoic definition of passions, and to answer these questions, I explain the passions as central elements of Stoic psychopathology, that is, as defects relative to the Stoic account of (...)
     
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  36. Dan J. Stein & J. Ludick (eds.) (1998). Neural Networks and Psychopathology. Cambridge University Press.score: 18.0
    Reviews the contribution of neural network models in psychiatry and psychopathology, including diagnosis, pharmacotherapy and psychotherapy.
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  37. George Graham (2002). Recent Work in Philosophical Psychopathology. American Philosophical Quarterly 39 (2):109-134.score: 18.0
    Philosophical psychopathology lies at the intersection of philosophy and psychiatry. The name is new. The field is not. This paper surveys work in the field since about 1980. Special attention is given to work on two topics: mental illness semantics and the metaphysics of disorders of self-consciousness.
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  38. Larry Davidson Golan Shahar (2007). From Deficit to Desire: A Philosophical Reconsideration of Action Models of Psychopathology. Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 14 (3):pp. 215-232.score: 18.0
    Emerging action perspectives on psychopathology depict individuals as actively shaping those environmental conditions that then impact on their risk for psychopathology, resilience in the face of it, and successful recovery from it. This view, although having important implications for research and clinical practice, has yet to be articulated in terms of its underlying philosophical framework. To begin to address this challenge, we situate action theory in the context of the writings of Deleuze and Guattari, who, in their seemingly (...)
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  39. Daniel G. Dillon, Christen M. Deveney & Diego A. Pizzagalli (2011). From Basic Processes to Real-World Problems: How Research on Emotion and Emotion Regulation Can Inform Understanding of Psychopathology, and Vice Versa. Emotion Review 3 (1):74-82.score: 18.0
    Research on emotion and emotion regulation is expected to improve our understanding of psychopathology. However, achieving this understanding requires overcoming several obstacles, including the paucity of objective markers of specific emotions or psychiatric diagnoses, and the fact that emotion regulation is a concept that can be difficult to operationalize. We review affective neuroscience research that has addressed these issues by focusing on psychological and neural mechanisms implicated in approach and avoidance behaviors, as revealed by studies of fear, anxiety, and (...)
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  40. Sandra T. Sigmon (1995). Ethical Practices and Beliefs of Psychopathology Researchers. Ethics and Behavior 5 (4):295 – 309.score: 18.0
    Ethical guidelines are vague concerning how situations should be handled when researchers encounter participants in preexisting psychological distress. Ethical issues of beneficence, autonomy, and the nature of informed consent may arise in these situations. This study investigated the ethical practices and beliefs of 84 psychopathology researchers when confronting research participants in distress. Results indicated that psychopathology researchers in general engaged in diverse ethical practices in providing debriefing, treatment referrals, and providing for distressed participants. Characteristics of the designated studies (...)
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  41. Giovanni Stanghellini & Thomas Fuchs (eds.) (2013). One Century of Karl Jaspers' General Psychopathology. Oup Oxford.score: 18.0
    2013 sees the centenary of Jaspers' foundation of psychopathology as a science with the publication of his magnum opus the Allgemeine Psychopathologie (General Psychopathology), Many of the issues concerning methodology and diagnosis are today the subject of much discussion and debate. This volume brings together leading psychiatrists and philosophers to discuss the impact of this volume, its relevance today, and the legacy it left.
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  42. Antoine Bechara & Xavier Noel (2010). Grand Challenge of Psychopathology in the Years to Come. Frontiers in Psychology 1.score: 18.0
    Grand Challenge of Psychopathology in the Years to Come.
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  43. Ann M. Kring (2010). The Future of Emotion Research in the Study of Psychopathology. Emotion Review 2 (3):225-228.score: 18.0
    Research on emotion and psychopathology has blossomed due in part to the translation of affective science theory and methods to the study of diverse disorders. This translational approach has helped the field to hone in more precisely on the nature of emotion deficits to identify antecedent causes and maintaining processes, and to develop promising new interventions. The future of emotion research in psychopathology will benefit from three inter-related areas, including an emphasis on emotion difficulties that cut across traditional (...)
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  44. Robert F. Krueger, Colin G. DeYoung & Kristian E. Markon (2010). Toward Scientifically Useful Quantitative Models of Psychopathology: The Importance of a Comparative Approach. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 33 (2-3):163-164.score: 18.0
    Cramer et al. articulate a novel perspective on comorbidity. However, their network models must be compared with more parsimonious latent variable models before conclusions can be drawn about network models as plausible accounts of comorbidity. Latent variable models have proven generative in studying psychopathology and its external correlates, and we doubt network models will prove as useful for psychopathology research.
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  45. Manfred Spitzer (1998). The History of Neural Network Research in Psychopathology. In Dan J. Stein & J. Ludick (eds.), Neural Networks and Psychopathology. Cambridge University Press.score: 18.0
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  46. Paul Lc van Geert & Henderien W. Steenbeek (2010). Networks as Complex Dynamic Systems: Applications to Clinical and Developmental Psychology and Psychopathology. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 33 (2-3):174 - 175.score: 18.0
    Cramer et al.'s article is an example of the fruitful application of complex dynamic systems theory. We extend their approach with examples from our own work on development and developmental psychopathology and address three issues: (1) the level of aggregation of the network, (2) the required research methodology, and (3) the clinical and educational application of dynamic network thinking.
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  47. Dan J. Stein Andjacques Ludik (1998). Neural Networks and Psychopathology: An Introduction. In Dan J. Stein & J. Ludick (eds.), Neural Networks and Psychopathology. Cambridge University Press.score: 18.0
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  48. [deleted]Gregory A. Miller Laura D. Crocker, Wendy Heller, Stacie L. Warren, Aminda J. O'Hare, Zachary P. Infantolino (2013). Relationships Among Cognition, Emotion, and Motivation: Implications for Intervention and Neuroplasticity in Psychopathology. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 7.score: 18.0
    Emotion-cognition and motivation-cognition relationships and related brain mechanisms are receiving increasing attention in the clinical research literature as a means of understanding diverse types of psychopathology and improving biological and psychological treatments. This paper reviews and integrates some of the growing evidence for cognitive biases and deficits in depression and anxiety, how these disruptions interact with emotional and motivational processes, and what brain mechanisms appear to be involved. This integration sets the stage for understanding the role of neuroplasticity in (...)
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  49. Jeffrey S. Poland, Barbara von Eckardt & Will Spaulding (1994). Problems with the DSM Approach to Classifying Psychopathology. In George Graham & G.L. Stephens (eds.), Philosophical Psychopathology. MIT Press.score: 18.0
     
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