Search results for 'publicity constraint' (try it on Scholar)

1000+ found
Sort by:
  1. Laura Duhau Girola (2012). The Myth of Concept Publicity. Ideas y Valores 61 (148):101-113.score: 43.0
    In this paper I defend the claim that concepts are not public. I argue that two of the main constraints for theories of concepts, namely (1) that concepts are public and (2) that they serve to explain Frege Cases, are in tension. (1) requires concepts to be individuated coarsely, while (2) requires ..
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  2. A. Goldman (1997). Science, Publicity, and Consciousness. Philosophy of Science 64 (4):525-45.score: 30.0
    A traditional view is that scientific evidence can be produced only by intersubjective methods that can be used by different investigators and will produce agreement. This intersubjectivity, or publicity, constraint ostensibly excludes introspection. But contemporary cognitive scientists regularly rely on their subjects' introspective reports in many areas, especially in the study of consciousness. So there is a tension between actual scientific practice and the publicity requirement. Which should give way? This paper argues against the publicity requirement (...)
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  3. Eric Margolis & Stephen Laurence (1998). Multiple Meanings and Stability of Content. Journal of Philosophy 95 (5):255-63.score: 30.0
    We examine a proposal of Eric Lormand's for dealing with perhaps the chief difficulty facing holistic theories of meaning—meaning instability. The problem is that, given a robust holism, small changes in a representational system are likely to lead to meaning changes throughout the system. Consequently, different individuals are likely never to mean the same thing. Lormand suggests that holists can avoid this problem—and even secure more stability than non-holists—by positing that symbols have multiple meanings. We argue that the proposal doesn't (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  4. Conal Condren (2002). Between Social Constraint and the Public Sphere: Methodological Problems in Reading Early-Modern Political Satire. Contemporary Political Theory 1 (1):79-101.score: 26.0
    The paper explores satire not as a literary genre but as an idiom of political and moral reflection discussing the extent to which contexts of relative constraint or freedom of expression are adequate for its understanding. The argument deals with the satire of Early-Modern England, especially that of the Restoration and early eighteenth century, as for most of this time political authority was purposely oppressive, the satire produced was highly significant, and it allegedly is part of the beginnings of (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  5. Jacob Beck (2012). The Generality Constraint and the Structure of Thought. Mind 121 (483):563-600.score: 18.0
    According to the Generality Constraint, mental states with conceptual content must be capable of recombining in certain systematic ways. Drawing on empirical evidence from cognitive science, I argue that so-called analogue magnitude states violate this recombinability condition and thus have nonconceptual content. I further argue that this result has two significant consequences: it demonstrates that nonconceptual content seeps beyond perception and infiltrates cognition; and it shows that whether mental states have nonconceptual content is largely an empirical matter determined by (...)
    Direct download (8 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  6. Michael Cholbi (1999). Egoism and the Publicity of Reason: A Reply to Korsgaard. Social Theory and Practice 25 (3):491-517.score: 18.0
    Christine Korsgaard has argued recently that the thesis that reasons are "essentially public" undermines the distinction between agent-neutral and agent-relative reasons, thus refuting egoism by rejecting its commitment to the universal availability of agent-relative reasons. I conclude that Korsgaard's invocation of the essential publicity of reasons trades on ambiguities concerning the "sharing" of reasons and so does not refute egoism and does not ground moral normativity. Her account of the publicity of reasons shows that solipsism is incoherent, but (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  7. Joseph Kisolo-Ssonko (2012). Love, Plural Subjects & Normative Constraint. Phenomenology and Mind (3).score: 18.0
    Andrea Westlund's account of love involves lovers becoming a Plural Subject mirroring Margaret Gilbert's Plural Subject Theory. However, while for Gilbert the creation of a plural will involves individuals jointly committing to pool their wills and the plural will directly normatively constraining those individuals, Westlund, in contrast, sees the creation of a plural will as a continual process thus rejecting the possibility of such direct normative constraint. This rejection appears to be required to explain the flexibility that allows for (...)
    Translate to English
    | Direct download (2 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  8. Arash Abizadeh (2013). Publicity, Privacy, and Religious Toleration in Hobbes's Leviathan. Modern Intellectual History 10 (2):261-291.score: 18.0
    What motivated an absolutist Erastian who rejected religious freedom, defended uniform public worship, and deemed the public expression of disagreement a catalyst for war to endorse a movement known to history as the champion of toleration, no coercion in religion, and separation of church and state? At least three factors motivated Hobbes’s 1651 endorsement of Independency: the Erastianism of Cromwellian Independency, the influence of the politique tradition, and, paradoxically, the contribution of early-modern practices of toleration to maintaining the public sphere’s (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  9. Joëlle Vanhamme & Bas Grobben (2009). "Too Good to Be True!". The Effectiveness of CSR History in Countering Negative Publicity. Journal of Business Ethics 85 (2):273 - 283.score: 18.0
    Corporate crises call for effective communication to shelter or restore a company's reputation. The use of corporate social responsibility (CSR) claims may provide an effective tool to counter the negative impact of a crisis, but knowledge about its effectiveness is scarce and lacking in studies that consider CSR communication during crises. To help fill this gap, this study investigates whether the length of company's involvement in CSR matters when it uses CSR claims in its crisis communication as a means to (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  10. Jeremy R. Koons (2004). Disenchanting the World: McDowell, Sellars, and Rational Constraint by Perception. Journal of Philosophical Research 29 (February):125-152.score: 18.0
    In his book Mind and World, John McDowell grapples with the problem that the world must and yet seemingly cannot constrain our empirical thought. I first argue that McDowell’s proposed solution to the problem throws him onto the horns of his own, intractable dilemma, and thus fails to solve the problem of rational constraint by the world. Next, I will argue that Wilfrid Sellars, in a series of articles written in the 1950s and 60s, provides the tools to solve (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  11. James Blachowicz (2013). The Constraint Interpretation of Physical Emergence. Journal for General Philosophy of Science 44 (1):21-40.score: 18.0
    I develop a variant of the constraint interpretation of the emergence of purely physical (non-biological) entities, focusing on the principle of the non-derivability of actual physical states from possible physical states (physical laws) alone. While this is a necessary condition for any account of emergence, it is not sufficient, for it becomes trivial if not extended to types of constraint that specifically constitute physical entities, namely, those that individuate and differentiate them. Because physical organizations with these features are (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  12. William R. Brown (1995). The Domain Constraint on Analogy and Analogical Argument. Informal Logic 17 (1).score: 18.0
    Domain constraint, the requirement that analogues be selected from "the same category," inheres in the popular saying "you can't compare apples and oranges" and the textbook principle "the greater the number of shared properties, the stronger the argument from analogy." I identify roles of domains in biological, linguistic, and legal analogy, supporting the account of law with a computer word search of judicial decisions. I argue that the category treatments within these disciplines cannot be exported to general informal logic, (...)
    Direct download (14 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  13. Lawrence S. Moss & David E. Johnson (1995). Dynamic Interpretations of Constraint-Based Grammar Formalisms. Journal of Logic, Language and Information 4 (1):61-79.score: 18.0
    We present a rendering of some common grammatical formalisms in terms of evolving algebras. Though our main concern in this paper is on constraint-based formalisms, we also discuss the more basic case of context-free grammars. Our aim throughout is to highlight the use of evolving algebras as a specification tool to obtain grammar formalisms.
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  14. Perry Zurn (forthcoming). Publicity and Politics: Foucault, the Prisons Information Group, and the Press. Radical Philosophy Review 17 (2).score: 18.0
    This essay argues that publicity is a necessary precondition for both politics and philosophy. Against the backdrop of the traditional dismissal of publicity as a leveling of difference, the author develops Foucault’s positive use of publicity in the Prisons Information Group as a technique of differentiation. The essay therefore proceeds in four parts: 1) it contextualizes the Prisons Information Group within Foucault’s life and work, 2) it identifies four specific modes of publicity utilized by the group, (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  15. Conal Condren (2002). Between Social Constraint and the Public Sphere: On Misreading Early-Modern Political Satire. Contemporary Political Theory 1 (1):79.score: 18.0
  16. Elżbieta Hajnicz (1996). Applying Allen's Constraint Propagation Algorithm for Non-Linear Time. Journal of Logic, Language and Information 5 (2):157-175.score: 18.0
    The famous Allen's interval relations constraint propagation algorithm was intended for linear time. Its 13 primitive relations define all the possible mutual locations of two intervals on the time-axis. In this paper an application of the algorithm for non-linear time is suggested. First, a new primitive relation is added. It is called excludes since an occurrence of one event in a certain course of events excludes an occurrence of the other event in this course. Next, new composition rules for (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  17. Marcel Jackson & Belinda Trotta (2013). Constraint Satisfaction, Irredundant Axiomatisability and Continuous Colouring. Studia Logica 101 (1):65-94.score: 18.0
    We observe a number of connections between recent developments in the study of constraint satisfaction problems, irredundant axiomatisation and the study of topological quasivarieties. Several restricted forms of a conjecture of Clark, Davey, Jackson and Pitkethly are solved: for example we show that if, for a finite relational structure M, the class of M-colourable structures has no finite axiomatisation in first order logic, then there is no set (even infinite) of first order sentences characterising the continuously M-colourable structures amongst (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  18. Siv Skard & Helge Thorbjørnsen (2013). Is Publicity Always Better Than Advertising? The Role of Brand Reputation in Communicating Corporate Social Responsibility. Journal of Business Ethics:1-12.score: 18.0
    Previous studies on corporate social responsibility (CSR) communication suggest that firms’ social initiatives should be communicated through third-party, non-corporate sources because they are perceived as unbiased and therefore reduce consumer skepticism. In this article, we extend existing research by showing that source effects in the communication of social sponsorships are contingent on the brand’s pre-existing reputation. We argue that the congruence between the credibility and trustworthiness of the message source and the brand helps predict consumer responses to a social sponsorship. (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  19. Dong-Hong Zhu & Ya-Ping Chang (2013). Negative Publicity Effect of the Business Founder's Unethical Behavior on Corporate Image: Evidence From China. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 117 (1):111-121.score: 18.0
    The unethical behavior of a business founder often leads to negative publicity which substantially affects positive corporate image. The amount of negative publicity relating to business founders’ unethical behavior is on the rise in the age of online social media in China. Based on the stimulus–response theory and balance theory, this paper developed a theoretical model to examine how negative publicity about a business founder’s unethical behavior affects corporate image. The proposed model was tested by the partial (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  20. Barry C. Smith (2006). Publicity, Externalism and Inner States. In Tomáš Marvan (ed.), What Determines Content?: The Internalism/Externalism Dispute. Cambridge Scholars Press.score: 16.0
    The critic Cyril Connolly once pointed out that diarists don’t make novelists. He went on to describe the problem for the would-be writer. “Writing for oneself: no public. Writing for others: no privacy” (Cyril Connolly, Journal). This paper addresses Connolly's worry about the public ad private: how can we reconcile the inner and conscious dimension of speech with its outer and public dimension? For if what people mean by their words involves, or consists in, what they have in mind when (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  21. Gualtiero Piccinini (2009). First-Person Data, Publicity and Self-Measurement. Philosophers' Imprint 9 (9):1-16.score: 16.0
    First-person data have been both condemned and hailed because of their alleged privacy. Critics argue that science must be based on public evidence: since first-person data are private, they should be banned from science. Apologists reply that first-person data are necessary for understanding the mind: since first-person data are private, scientists must be allowed to use private evidence. I argue that both views rest on a false premise. In psychology and neuroscience, the subjects issuing first-person reports and other sources of (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  22. Claudio Corradetti (2011). Transitional Justice and the Truth-Constraints of the Public Sphere. Philosophy and Social Criticism 38 (7):685-700.score: 16.0
    In this article I present some implications for a concept of transitional justice through the comparison of two approaches: retributive vs. restorative theories. Notwithstanding their profound differences in perspective, both models are grounded upon a strong notion of the public sphere. Accordingly, after showing why neither of the two approaches exhausts the problems of transitional justice, I will demonstrate how a ‘complete’ justification requires a certain view of public reason based upon rights as truth-constraints of the public sphere.
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  23. Murat Aydede (1998). Fodor on Concepts and Frege Puzzles. Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 79 (4):289-294.score: 15.0
    ABSTRACT. Fodor characterizes concepts as consisting of two dimensions: one is content, which is purely denotational/broad, the other the Mentalese vehicle bearing that content, which Fodor calls the Mode of Presentation (MOP), understood "syntactically." I argue that, so understood, concepts are not interpersonally sharable; so Fodor's own account violates what he calls the Publicity Constraint in his (1998) book. Furthermore, I argue that Fodor's non-semantic, or "syntactic," solution to Frege cases succumbs to the problem of providing interpersonally applicable (...)
    Direct download (10 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  24. Kasper Lippert-Rasmussen (2008). Publicity and Egalitarian Justice. Journal of Moral Philosophy 5 (1):30-49.score: 15.0
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  25. Haskell Fain (1958). Prediction and Constraint. Mind 67 (July):366-378.score: 15.0
  26. James Lindemann Nelson (1994). Publicity and Pricelessness: Grassroots Decisionmaking and Justice in Rationing. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 19 (4):333-342.score: 15.0
    The "grassroots turn" in bioethical discussions about justice in allocation of health care resources has attracted a great deal of support; in the absence of a convincing theory of justice in rationing, democratic decisionmaking concerning priority setting emerges with a kind of inevitability. Yet there remain suspicions about this approach – most importantly, worries about the socially corrosive impact of explicit, public decisionmaking that in effect sets a price on the lives of persons. These worries have been quieted, particularly by (...)
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  27. Paul John King, Kiril Ivanov Simov & Bjørn Aldag (1999). The Complexity of Modellability in Finite and Computable Signatures of a Constraint Logic for Head-Driven Phrase Structure Grammar. Journal of Logic, Language and Information 8 (1):83-110.score: 15.0
    The SRL (speciate re-entrant logic) of King (1989) is a sound, complete and decidable logic designed specifically to support formalisms for the HPSG (head-driven phrase structure grammar) of Pollard and Sag (1994). The SRL notion of modellability in a signature is particularly important for HPSG, and the present paper modifies an elegant method due to Blackburn and Spaan (1993) in order to prove that – modellability in each computable signature is 1 0 – modellability in some finite signature is (...)
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  28. Jan Krajíček (2008). An Exponential Lower Bound for a Constraint Propagation Proof System Based on Ordered Binary Decision Diagrams. Journal of Symbolic Logic 73 (1):227-237.score: 15.0
    We prove an exponential lower bound on the size of proofs in the proof system operating with ordered binary decision diagrams introduced by Atserias, Kolaitis and Vardi [2]. In fact, the lower bound applies to semantic derivations operating with sets defined by OBDDs. We do not assume any particular format of proofs or ordering of variables, the hard formulas are in CNF. We utilize (somewhat indirectly) feasible interpolation. We define a proof system combining resolution and the OBDD proof system.
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  29. Tarald O. Kvalseth (1974). A Preview-Constraint Model of Rotary Arm Control as an Extension of Fitts's Law. Journal of Experimental Psychology 102 (4):696-699.score: 15.0
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  30. Kenneth E. Lloyd & William A. Johnston (1963). Short-Term Retention as a Function of Contextual Constraint. Journal of Experimental Psychology 65 (5):460.score: 15.0
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  31. Norman J. Slamecka (1964). Acquisition and Retention of Connected Discourse as a Function of Contextual Constraint. Journal of Experimental Psychology 68 (4):330.score: 15.0
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  32. Richard Cooper & Bradley Franks (1993). Interruptibility as a Constraint on Hybrid Systems. Minds and Machines 3 (1):73-96.score: 14.0
    It is widely mooted that a plausible computational cognitive model should involve both symbolic and connectionist components. However, sound principles for combining these components within a hybrid system are currently lacking; the design of such systems is oftenad hoc. In an attempt to ameliorate this we provide a framework of types of hybrid systems and constraints therein, within which to explore the issues. In particular, we suggest the use of system independent constraints, whose source lies in general considerations about cognitive (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  33. James Swindal, Norms and Causes: Loosing the Bonds of Deontic Constraint. Normative Functionalism and the Pittsburgh School.score: 13.0
    Some philosophers have developed comprehensive interactive models that purport to exhibit the various normative constraints that agents need to adopt in order to achieve what otherwise would be an unattainable and unsustainable social order. Robert Brandom’s semantic inferentialism purports to show how a rational construction of social coordination is enacted and maintained through specific mappings that agents make of each other’s commitments (beliefs) and entitlements (justified beliefs). Strongly influenced by Brandom’s account, Joseph Heath reconstructs a number of historically emergent deontic (...)
    Translate to English
    | Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  34. Samuel Freeman (2007). The Burdens of Public Justification: Constructivism, Contractualism, and Publicity. Politics, Philosophy and Economics 6 (1):5-43.score: 12.0
    The publicity of a moral conception is a central idea in Kantian and contractarian moral theory. Publicity carries the idea of general acceptability of principles through to social relations. Without publicity of its moral principles, the intuitive attractiveness of the contractarian ideal seems diminished. For it means that moral principles cannot serve as principles of practical reasoning and justification among free and equal persons. This article discusses the role of the publicity assumption in Rawls’s and Scanlon’s (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  35. Kimberley Brownlee (2004). Features of a Paradigm Case of Civil Disobedience. Res Publica 10 (4):337-351.score: 12.0
    The purpose of this paper is not to define civil disobedience, but to identify a paradigm case of civil disobedience and the features exemplified in it. After noting the benefits of this methodological approach, the paper proceeds with an examination of two key, interconnected features: conscientiousness and communication. First, a link is made between the conscientious aspect of civil disobedience and moral consistency; a civil disobedient demonstrates a conscientious commitment to certain values through her willingness to condemn, and to dissociate (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  36. Ron Amundson (1994). Two Concepts of Constraint: Adaptationism and the Challenge From Developmental Biology. Philosophy of Science 61 (4):556-578.score: 12.0
    The so-called "adaptationism" of mainstream evolutionary biology has been criticized from a variety of sources. One, which has received relatively little philosophical attention, is developmental biology. Developmental constraints are said to be neglected by adaptationists. This paper explores the divergent methodological and explanatory interests that separate mainstream evolutionary biology from its embryological and developmental critics. It will focus on the concept of constraint itself; even this central concept is understood differently by the two sides of the dispute.
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  37. Dean J. Machin (2009). The Irrelevance of Democracy to the Public Justification of Political Authority. Res Publica 15 (2):103-120.score: 12.0
    Democracy can be a means to independently valuable ends and/or it can be intrinsically (or non-instrumentally) valuable. One powerful non-instrumental defence of democracy is based on the idea that only it can publicly justify political authority. I contend that this is an argument about the reasonable acceptability of political authority and about the requirements of publicity and that satisfying these requirements has nothing to do with whether a society is democratic or not. Democracy, then, plays no role in publicly (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  38. Matthew Eshleman (2004). Sartre and Foucault on Ideal "Constraint". Sartre Studies International 10 (2):56-76.score: 12.0
    Although most of the contemporary debates around subjectivity are framed by a rejection of the metaphysical subject, more time needs to be spent developing the implications of abandoning the meta-physics of constraint. Doing so provides the key to approaching our pressing problem that concerns freedom, and only once invisible, ideal "constraints" have been adequately understood will all of the contemporary puzzlement that concerns intentional resistance to power be assuaged. While Sartre does not solve the problem of freedom bequeathed to (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  39. Michael J. Shaffer (2006). The Publicity of Belief, Epistemic Wrongs and Moral Wrongs. Social Epistemology 20 (1):41 – 54.score: 12.0
    It is a commonplace belief that many beliefs, e.g. religious convictions, are a purely private matter, and this is meant in some way to serve as a defense against certain forms of criticism. In this paper it is argued that this thesis is false, and that belief is really often a public matter. This argument, the publicity of belief argument, depends on one of the most compelling and central thesis of Peircean pragmatism. This crucial thesis is that bona fide (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  40. Ben Saunders (2010). Sex Discrimination, Gender Balance, Justice and Publicity in Admissions. Journal of Applied Philosophy 27 (1):59-71.score: 12.0
    This paper examines the problem of selecting a number of candidates to receive a good (admission) from a pool in which there are more qualified applicants than places. I observe that it is rarely possible to order all candidates according to some relevant criterion, such as academic merit, since these standards are inevitably somewhat vague. This means that we are often faced with the task of making selections between near-enough equal candidates. I survey one particular line of response, which says (...)
    Direct download (10 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  41. Kaarlo Miller (2003). Collective Reasoning and the Discursive Dilemma. Philosophical Explorations 6 (3):182 – 200.score: 12.0
    The paper begins with a discussion of Philip Pettit's distinction between individualistic and collectivistic reasoning strategies. I argue that many of his examples, when correctly analysed, do not give rise to what he calls the discursive dilemma. I argue for a collectivistic strategy, which is a holistic premise-driven strategy. I will concentrate on three aspects of collective reasoning, which I call the publicity aspect, the collective acceptance aspect, and the historical constraint aspect: First, the premises of collective reasoning, (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  42. James D. Rissler (2002). A Psychological Constraint on Obedience to God's Commands: The Reasonableness of Obeying the Abhorrently Evil. Religious Studies 38 (2):125-146.score: 12.0
    Robert Adams, in Finite and Infinite Goods: A Framework for Ethics, suggests a moral constraint on our obedience to God's commands: if a purportedly divine command seems abhorrently evil, then we should infer that it is not really God so commanding. I suggest that in light of his commitments to God as the standard of goodness, to the transcendence of God, and to a critical stance towards ethics, Adams should be willing to consider the possibility of a good God (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  43. James Harold (2008). Immoralism and the Valence Constraint. British Journal of Aesthetics 48 (1):45-64.score: 12.0
    Immoralists hold that in at least some cases, moral fl aws in artworks can increase their aesthetic value. They deny what I call the valence constraint: the view that any effect that an artwork’s moral value has on its aesthetic merit must have the same valence. The immoralist offers three arguments against the valence constraint. In this paper I argue that these arguments fail, and that this failure reveals something deep and interesting about the relationship between cognitive and (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  44. Joseph Heath (2008). Following the Rules: Practical Reasoning and Deontic Constraint. Oxford University Press.score: 12.0
    Introduction -- Instrumental rationality -- Social order -- Deontic constraint -- Intentional states -- Preference noncognitivism -- A naturalistic perspective -- Transcendental necessity -- Weakness of will -- Normative ethics.
    Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  45. Mohan P. Matthen (2002). Human Rationality and the Unique Origin Constraint. In André Ariew (ed.), Functions. Oxford University Press. 341.score: 12.0
    This paper offers a new definition of "adaptationism". An evolutionary account is adaptationist, it is suggested, if it allows for multiple independent origins for the same function -- i.e., if it violates the "Unique Origin Constraint". While this account captures much of the position Gould and Lewontin intended to stigmatize, it leaves it open that adaptationist accounts may sometimes be appropriate. However, there are many important cases, including that of human rationality, in which it is not.
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  46. By Robert Francescotti (2008). Psychological Continuity, Fission, and the Non-Branching Constraint. Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 89 (1):21–31.score: 12.0
    Those who endorse the Psychological Continuity Approach (PCA) to analyzing personal identity need to impose a non-branching constraint to get the intuitively correct result that in the case of fission, one person becomes two. With the help of Brueckner's (2005) discussion, it is shown here that the sort of non-branching clause that allows proponents of PCA to provide sufficient conditions for being the same person actually runs contrary to the very spirit of their theory. The problem is first presented (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  47. Elisabeth Camp (2004). The Generality Constraint and Categorial Restrictions. Philosophical Quarterly 54 (215):209–231.score: 12.0
    We should not admit categorial restrictions on the significance of syntactically well formed strings. Syntactically well formed but semantically absurd strings, such as ‘Life’s but a walking shadow’ and ‘Caesar is a prime number’, can express thoughts; and competent thinkers both are able to grasp these and ought to be able to. Gareth Evans’ generality constraint, though Evans himself restricted it, should be viewed as a fully general constraint on concept possession and propositional thought. For (a) even well (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (8 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  48. Christopher Kutz (2009). Secret Law and the Value of Publicity. Ratio Juris 22 (2):197-217.score: 12.0
    Abstract. Revelations in the United States of secret legal opinions by the Department of Justice, dramatically altering the conventional interpretations of laws governing torture, interrogation, and surveillance, have made the issue of "secret law" newly prominent. The dangers of secret law from the perspective of democratic accountability are clear, and need no elaboration. But distaste for secret law goes beyond questions of democracy. Since Plato, and continuing through such non-democratic thinkers as Bodin and Hobbes, secret law has been seen as (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  49. Brad Hooker, Publicity in Morality.score: 12.0
    Consider the idea that moral rules must be suitable for public acknowledgement and acceptance, i.e., that moral rules must be suitable for being ‘widely known and explicitly recognized’, suitable for teaching as part of moral education, suitable for guiding behaviour and reactions to behaviour, and thus suitable for justifying one’s behaviour to others. This idea is now most often associated with John Rawls, who traces it back through Kurt Baier to Kant.[1] My book developing ruleconsequentialism, Ideal Code, Real World, accepted (...)
    Translate to English
    |
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
1 — 50 / 1000