Search results for 'rational animal' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Kay Peggs (2010). Nonhuman Animal Experiments in the European Community: Human Values and Rational Choice. Society and Animals 18 (1):1-20.score: 170.0
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  2. Man is A. Rational Animal (2002). Discourses on Africa. In P. H. Coetzee & A. P. J. Roux (eds.), Philosophy From Africa: A Text with Readings. Oxford University Press.score: 160.0
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  3. Robert J. Fogelin (2003). Walking the Tightrope of Reason: The Precarious Life of a Rational Animal. Oxford University Press.score: 156.0
    Human beings are both supremely rational and deeply superstitious, capable of believing just about anything and of questioning just about everything. Indeed, just as our reason demands that we know the truth, our skepticism leads to doubts we can ever really do so. In Walking the Tightrope of Reason, Robert J. Fogelin guides readers through a contradiction that lies at the very heart of philosophical inquiry. Fogelin argues that our rational faculties insist on a purely rational account (...)
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  4. Ernest Sosa & David Galloway (2001). Man the Rational Animal? Synthese 122 (1-2):165-78.score: 150.0
    This paper considers well known results of psychological researchinto the fallibility of human reason, and philosophical conclusionsthat some have drawn from these results. Close attention to theexact content of the results casts doubt on the reasoning that leadsto those conclusions.
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  5. Thomas Kelly (2004). Review: Walking the Tightrope of Reason: The Precarious Life of a Rational Animal. [REVIEW] Mind 113 (452):750-753.score: 150.0
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  6. D. Pollard (1980). A Rational Animal and Other Philosophical Essays on the Nature of Man. Philosophical Studies 27:413-415.score: 150.0
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  7. Daniel H. Cohen (2004). Fogelin's Walking the Tightrope of Reason: The Precarious Life of a Rational Animal by Robert Fogelin. Informal Logic 23 (1).score: 150.0
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  8. William H. Crilly (1965). Man, the Rational Animal. Proceedings of the American Catholic Philosophical Association 39:194-200.score: 150.0
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  9. Diego E. Machuca (2006). Walking the Tightrope of Reason: The Precarious Life of a Rational Animal Robert J. Fogelin New York: Oxford University Press, 2003, Xii + 203pp., $22.00. [REVIEW] Dialogue 45 (01):188-191.score: 150.0
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  10. Eric Matthews & Antony Flew (1980). A Rational Animal. Philosophical Quarterly 30 (118):85.score: 150.0
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  11. S. Richmond (1982). A Rational Animal and Other Philosophical Essays on the Nature of Man. Philosophy of the Social Sciences 12 (4):448-452.score: 150.0
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  12. Simon Blackburn (1981). Rational Animal? Behavioral and Brain Sciences 4 (3):331.score: 150.0
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  13. Alburey Castell (1968). The Concept of Rational Animal. In. In P. T. Raju & Alburey Castell (eds.), East-West Studies on the Problem of the Self. The Hague, Martinus Nijhoff. 71--86.score: 150.0
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  14. Antony Flew (1978). A Rational Animal and Other Philosophical Essays on the Nature of Man. Clarendon Press.score: 150.0
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  15. Diego E. Machuca (2006). Walking the Tightrope of Reason: The Precarious Life of a Rational Animal. Dialogue 45 (1):188-191.score: 150.0
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  16. Gilbert Ryle (1962). A Rational Animal. [London]University of London, the Athlone Press.score: 150.0
     
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  17. Godfrey Vesey (1980). A Rational Animal and Other Philosophical Essays on the Nature of Man. Philosophical Books 21 (1):48-50.score: 150.0
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  18. Nathan Nobis (2007). A Rational Defense of Animal Experimentation. Journal of Philosophical Research 32 (Supplement):49-62.score: 144.0
    Many people involved in the life sciences and related fields and industries routinely cause mice, rats, dogs, cats, primates and other non-human animals to experience pain, suffering, and an early death, harming these animals greatly and not for their own benefit. Harms, however, require moral justification, reasons that pass critical scrutiny. Animal experimenters and dissectors might suspect that strong moral justification has been given for this kind of treatment of animals. I survey some recent attempts to provide such a (...)
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  19. Nathan Nobis, Appendix to Rational Engagement, Emotional Response: ...Animal Use Debates...score: 144.0
    I now apply these logical skills to many other common arguments in defense of animal use. In each case, once we make the premises clear, precise and/or add the missing premise(s) needed to reveal the full pattern of reasoning, we see that each argument has at least one premise that is either false or in need of serious, but unsupplied, rational defense. Thus, we should believe these arguments are unsound.
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  20. Dale Jamieson (1981). Rational Egoism and Animal Rights. Environmental Ethics 3 (2):167-171.score: 132.0
    Jan Narveson has suggested that rational egoism might provide a defensible moral perspective that would put animals out of the reach of morality without denying that they are capable of suffering. I argue that rational egoism provides a principled indifference to the fate of animals at high cost: the possibility of principled indifference to the fate of “marginal humans.”.
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  21. Nathan Nobis, Rational Engagement, Emotional Response and the Prospects for Progress in Animal Use ‘Debates’.score: 128.0
    This paper is designed to help people rationally engage moral issues regarding the treatment of animals, specifically uses of animals in medical and psychological experimentation, basic research, drug development, education and training, consumer product testing and other areas.
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  22. Sheldon Richmond (1974). Review Symposium : Man= the Rational Hunter: Some Comments on the Book by Tiger and Fox, the Imperial Animal. Philosophy of the Social Sciences 4 (2):279-291.score: 120.0
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  23. Retrieved Virtue (2009). Hegel's Examination of “the Actualization of Rational Self-Consciousness Through Itself”(PS 193–214/M 211–35) is the Second of Three Major Sections of His Chapter on “Reason.” Thematically This Section is Closely Related with the First Sub-Section of the Subsequent Third Major Section of “Reason,” Viz.,“The Animal Kingdom and Humbug, or What Really Matters”(PS 214–28/M 236–52). Accordingly, the Present Chapter Considers These Sections Together. [REVIEW] In Kenneth R. Westphal (ed.), The Blackwell Guide to Hegel's Phenomenology of Spirit. Wiley-Blackwell. 136.score: 120.0
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  24. George Cave (1985). Rational Egoism, Animal Rights, and the Academic Connection. Between the Species 1 (2):7.score: 120.0
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  25. Judith Barad (1988). The Possibility of Settling the Issue of Animal Suffering on Rational Grounds. Between the Species 4 (4):5.score: 120.0
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  26. Ronald B. de Sousa (2004). Rational Animals: What the Bravest Lion Won't Risk. Croatian Journal of Philosophy 4 (12):365-386.score: 102.0
    I begin with a rather unpromising dispute that Nozick once had with Ian Hacking in the pages of the London Review of Books, in which both vied with one another in their enthusiasm to repudiate the thesis that some human people or peoples are closer than others to animality. I shall attempt to show that one can build, on the basis of Nozick’s discussion of rationality, a defense of the view that the capacity tor language places human rationality out of (...)
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  27. Susan L. Hurley & Matthew Nudds (eds.) (2006). Rational Animals? Oxford University Press.score: 94.0
    To what extent can animal behaviour be described as rational? What does it even mean to describe behaviour as rational? -/- This book focuses on one of the major debates in science today - how closely does mental processing in animals resemble mental processing in humans. It addresses the question of whether and to what extent non-human animals are rational, that is, whether any animal behaviour can be regarded as the result of a rational (...)
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  28. Kim Sterelny (2006). Folk Logic and Animal Rationality. In Susan L. Hurley & Matthew Nudds (eds.), Rational Animals? Oup.score: 86.0
    It is indeed important to identify the rich variety of systems for the adaptive control of behaviour, rather than squeezing this richness into a few boxes. We need to recognise both the variety of systems for the cognitive control of adaptive behaviour and to chart the relationships between such systems. But I shall argue that these projects are not best pursued by asking about the extent of animal rationality. The argument develops in three stages. The first outlines a picture (...)
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  29. Carl B. Sachs (2011). The Shape of a Good Question: McDowell, Evolution, and Transcendental Philosophy. Philosophical Forum 42 (1):61-78.score: 74.0
    I examine John McDowell's attitude towards naturalism in general, and evolutionary theory in particular, by distinguishing between "transcendental descriptions" and "empirical explanations". With this distinction in view we can understand why McDowell holds that there is both continuity and discontinuity between humans qua rational animals and other animals -- there is continuity with regards to empirical explanations and discontinuity with regards to transcendental descriptions. The result of this examination is a clearer assessment of the strengths and weaknesses of McDowell's (...)
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  30. Nicky Clayton, Nathan Emery & Dickinson & Anthony (2006). The Rationality of Animal Memory: Complex Caching Strategies of Western Scrub Jays. In Susan Hurley & Matthew Nudds (eds.), Rational Animals? Oup Oxford.score: 74.0
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  31. Susan L. Hurley & Matthew Nudds (2006). The Questions of Animal Rationality: Theory and Evidence. In Susan L. Hurley & Matthew Nudds (eds.), Rational Animals? Oxford University Press.score: 74.0
     
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  32. Susan Hurley & Nudds & Matthew (2006). The Questions of Animal Rationality: Theory and Evidence. In Susan Hurley & Matthew Nudds (eds.), Rational Animals? Oup Oxford.score: 74.0
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  33. Joelle Proust (2006). Metacognition and Animal Rationality. In Susan L. Hurley & Matthew Nudds (eds.), Rational Animals? Oxford University Press.score: 74.0
     
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  34. Alain J.-P. C. Tschudin (2006). Belief Attribution Tasks with Dolphins: What Social Minds Can Reveal About Animal Rationality. In Susan Hurley & Matthew Nudds (eds.), Rational Animals? Oup Oxford.score: 74.0
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  35. Carl B. Sachs (2012). Resisting the Disenchantment of Nature: McDowell and the Question of Animal Minds. Inquiry 55 (2):131-147.score: 72.0
    Abstract McDowell's contributions to epistemology and philosophy of mind turn centrally on his defense of the Aristotelian concept of a ?rational animal?. I argue here that a clarification of how McDowell uses this concept can make more explicit his distance from Davidson regarding the nature of the minds of non-rational animals. Close examination of his responses to Davidson and to Dennett shows that McDowell is implicitly committed to avoiding the following ?false trichotomy?: that animals are not bearers (...)
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  36. Kimberly K. Smith (2009). A Pluralist–Expressivist Critique of the Pet Trade. Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 22 (3):241-256.score: 72.0
    Elizabeth Anderson’s “pluralist–expressivist” value theory, an alternative to the understanding of value and rationality underlying the “rational actor” model of human behavior, provides rich resources for addressing questions of environmental and animal ethics. It is particularly well-suited to help us think about the ethics of commodification, as I demonstrate in this critique of the pet trade. I argue that Anderson’s approach identifies the proper grounds for criticizing the commodification of animals, and directs our attention to the importance of (...)
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  37. Matteo Mameli & Lisa Bortolotti (2006). Animal Rights, Animal Minds, and Human Mindreading. Journal of Medical Ethics 32 (2):84-89.score: 66.0
    Do non-human animals have rights? The answer to this question depends on whether animals have morally relevant mental properties. Mindreading is the human activity of ascribing mental states to other organisms. Current knowledge about the evolution and cognitive structure of mindreading indicates that human ascriptions of mental states to non-human animals are very inaccurate. The accuracy of human mindreading can be improved with the help of scientific studies of animal minds. But the scientific studies by themselves do not by (...)
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  38. Yew-Kwang Ng (1995). Towards Welfare Biology: Evolutionary Economics of Animal Consciousness and Suffering. [REVIEW] Biology and Philosophy 10 (3):255-285.score: 66.0
    Welfare biology is the study of living things and their environment with respect to their welfare (defined as net happiness, or enjoyment minus suffering). Despite difficulties of ascertaining and measuring welfare and relevancy to normative issues, welfare biology is a positive science. Evolutionary economics and population dynamics are used to help answer basic questions in welfare biology: Which species are affective sentients capable of welfare? Do they enjoy positive or negative welfare? Can their welfare be dramatically increased? Under plausible axioms, (...)
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  39. Andrew Linzey (2009). Why Animal Suffering Matters: Philosophy, Theology, and Practical Ethics. Oxford University Press.score: 66.0
    Introduction: Reason, ethics, and animals -- Part I: Making the rational case -- Why animal suffering matters morally -- How we minimize animal suffering and how we can change -- Part II: Three practical critiques -- First case: Hunting with dogs -- Second case: Fur farming -- Third case: Commercial sealing -- Conclusion: Re-establishing animals and children as a common cause and six objections considered.
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  40. Arianna Ferrari (2012). Animal Disenhancement for Animal Welfare: The Apparent Philosophical Conundrums and the Real Exploitation of Animals. A Response to Thompson and Palmer. [REVIEW] NanoEthics 6 (1):65-76.score: 66.0
    Abstract In his paper “The Opposite of Human Enhancement: Nanotechnology and the Blind Chicken problem” ( Nanoethics 2: 305-36, 2008) Thompson argued that technological attempts to reduce or eliminate selected non-human animals’ capabilities (animal disenhancements) in order to solve or mitigate animal welfare problems in animals’ use pose a philosophical conundrum, because there is a contradiction between rational arguments in favor of these technological interventions and intuitions against them. In her response “Animal Disenhancement and the Non-Identity (...)
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  41. Bruce N. Waller (1997). What Rationality Adds to Animal Morality. Biology and Philosophy 12 (3):341-356.score: 66.0
    Philosophical tradition demands rational reflection as a condition for genuine moral acts. But the grounds for that requirement are untenable, and when the requirement is dropped morality comes into clearer view as a naturally developing phenomenon that is not confined to human beings and does not require higher-level rational reflective processes. Rational consideration of rules and duties can enhance and extend moral behavior, but rationality is not necessary for morality and (contrary to the Kantian tradition represented by (...)
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  42. Lucas C. Parra Davide Reato, Asif Rahman, Marom Bikson (2013). Effects of Weak Transcranial Alternating Current Stimulation on Brain Activity—a Review of Known Mechanisms From Animal Studies. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 7.score: 66.0
    Rhythmic neuronal activity is ubiquitous in the human brain. These rhythms originate from a variety of different network mechanisms, which give rise to a wide-ranging spectrum of oscillation frequencies. In the last few years an increasing number of clinical research studies have explored transcranial alternating current stimulation (tACS) with weak current as a tool for affecting brain function. The premise of these interventions is that tACS will interact with ongoing brain oscillations. However, the exact mechanisms by which weak currents could (...)
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  43. Manuel de Pinedo-Garcia & Jason Noble (2008). Beyond Persons: Extending the Personal/Subpersonal Distinction to Non-Rational Animals and Artificial Agents. Biology and Philosophy 23 (1):87-100.score: 64.0
    The distinction between personal level explanations and subpersonal ones has been subject to much debate in philosophy. We understand it as one between explanations that focus on an agent’s interaction with its environment, and explanations that focus on the physical or computational enabling conditions of such an interaction. The distinction, understood this way, is necessary for a complete account of any agent, rational or not, biological or artificial. In particular, we review some recent research in Artificial Life that pretends (...)
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  44. Hung-Yul So (2007). Beyond Rational Insanity. The Proceedings of the Twenty-First World Congress of Philosophy 1:221-227.score: 60.0
    Insanity is identified with irrationality, while rationality is considered to be the mark of sanity. Yet we want to say that rationality could be the cause of insanity. We can see a subtle kind of insanity inherent in an institution believed to be highly rational. Rationality in an ideological belief also turns into rational insanity when the ideology itself works for the interest of the advantaged as a tool of deception. We believe in the rationality of open communication. (...)
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  45. Colin McLear (2011). Kant on Animal Consciousness. Philosophers' Imprint 11 (15).score: 58.0
    Kant is often considered to have argued that perceptual awareness of objects in one's environment depends on the subject's possession of conceptual capacities. This conceptualist interpretation raises an immediate problem concerning the nature of perceptual awareness in non-rational, non-concept using animals. In this paper I argue that Kant’s claims concerning animal representation and consciousness do not foreclose the possibility of attributing to animals the capacity for objective perceptual consciousness, and that a non-conceptualist interpretation of Kant’s position concerning perceptual (...)
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  46. Donald Davidson (1982). Rational Animals. Dialectica 36 (4):317-28.score: 54.0
  47. Mark Rowlands (1997). Contractarianism and Animal Rights. Journal of Applied Philosophy 14 (3):235–247.score: 54.0
    It is widely accepted, by both friends and foes of animal rights, that contractarianism is the moral theory least likely to justify the assigning of direct moral status to non-human animals. These are not, it is generally supposed, rational agents, and contractarian approaches can grant direct moral status only to such agents. I shall argue that this widely accepted view is false. At least some forms of contractarianism, when properly understood, do, in fact, entail that non-human animals possess (...)
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  48. Stephen P. Stich (1985). Could Man Be an Irrational Animal? Synthese 64 (1):115-35.score: 54.0
    1. When we attribute beliefs, desires, and other states of common sense psychology to a person, or for that matter to an animal or an artifact, we are assuming or presupposing that the person or object can be treated as an intentional system. 2. An intentional system is one which is rational through and through; its beliefs are those it ought to have, given its perceptual capacities, its epistemic needs, and its biography…. Its desires are those it ought (...)
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  49. William Stephens, Beastly Virtues: Animal Exempla in Seneca and Epictetus.score: 54.0
    It is curious that the imperial Stoics, following a precedent of Diogenes the Cynic, employ so many wide-ranging examples of animal behavior. For example, what are we to make of the rigid dichotomy Seneca and Epictetus draw between rational and nonrational beings in relation to the diverse comparisons they make between human virtues and vices on the one hand and animal excellences and "bestial'behaviors on the other? Why are the most potent, diverse, and philosophically significant animal (...)
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  50. Karl Schudt (2003). Are Animal Rights Inimical to Human Dignity? Proceedings of the American Catholic Philosophical Association 77:189-203.score: 54.0
    Do animals possess rights? The argument works from marginal cases: we attribute value to humans because of some minimal set of characteristics thathumans possess. Animals possess these characteristics; therefore they deserve moral consideration. Such arguments depend on a functionalist attribution of value. Any turn to functionalism will necessarily be detrimental to human dignity, since some humans will not qualify. I will show how the methods used to establish animal rights are generally some form of functionalism, with particular emphasis on (...)
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