Search results for 'realistic constructivism' (try it on Scholar)

1000+ found
Sort by:
  1. Paul Formosa (2013). Is Kant a Moral Constructivist or a Moral Realist? European Journal of Philosophy 21 (2):170-196.score: 80.0
    : The dominant interpretation of Kant as a moral constructivist has recently come under sustained philosophical attack by those defending a moral realist reading of Kant. In light of this, should we read Kant as endorsing moral constructivism or moral realism? In answering this question we encounter disagreement in regard to two key independence claims. First, the independence of the value of persons from the moral law (an independence that is rejected) and second, the independence of the content and (...)
    Direct download (9 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  2. James A. Stieb (2005). Rorty on Realism and Constructivism. Metaphilosophy 36 (3):272-294.score: 80.0
    This article argues that we can and should recognize the mind dependence, epistemic dependence, and social dependence of theories of mind-independent reality, as opposed to Rorty, who thinks not even a constructivist theory of mind-independent reality can be had. It accuses Rorty of creating an equivocation or "dualism of scheme and content" between causation and justification based on various "Davidsonian" irrelevancies, not to be confused with the actual Davidson. These include the 'principle of charity', the attack against conceptual schemes, the (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  3. Elizabeth Tropman (2014). Evolutionary Debunking Arguments: Moral Realism, Constructivism, and Explaining Moral Knowledge. 17 (2):126-140.score: 70.0
    One of the alleged advantages of a constructivist theory in metaethics is that the theory avoids the epistemological problems with moral realism while reaping many of realism's benefits. According to evolutionary debunking arguments, the epistemological problem with moral realism is that the evolutionary history of our moral beliefs makes it hard to see how our moral beliefs count as knowledge of moral facts, realistically construed. Certain forms of constructivism are supposed to be immune to this argument, giving the view (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  4. V. Kenny (2007). Distinguishing Ernst von Glasersfeld's Radical Constructivism From Humberto Maturana's 'Radical Realism'. Constructivist Foundations 2 (2-3):58-64.score: 68.0
    Purpose: Ernst von Glasersfeld has dedicated a lot of effort to trying to define just where his views and those of his friend Humberto Maturana part company, epistemologically speaking (Glasersfeld 1991, 2001). As a contribution to unravelling this puzzle I propose in this article to delineate just where they seem to differ most and why these differences arise. Approach: Part of my contribution is to propose drawing a distinction between von Glasersfeld's Radical Constructivism as the last viable outpost of (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  5. A. Scholl (2012). Between Realism and Constructivism? Luhmann's Ambivalent Epistemological Standpoint. Constructivist Foundations 8 (1):5-12.score: 64.0
    Problem: Is Niklas Luhmann’s theory of social systems based on a constructivist or on a realist epistemology? Luhmann’s own elaborations seem to oscillate between both standpoints. Method: The argumentation provided in this article starts with a detailed reconstruction of Luhmann’s epistemology and of Luhmann’s criticism towards radical constructivism and then examines the consequences for a comparison of systems theory and (radical) constructivism. Results: Although Luhmann’s operative constructivism can be distinguished from radical constructivism, the differences are not (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  6. A. Nassehi (2012). What Exists Between Realism and Constructivism? Constructivist Foundations 8 (1):14-15.score: 64.0
    Open peer commentary on the article “Between Realism and Constructivism? Luhmann’s Ambivalent Epistemological Standpoint” by Armin Scholl. Upshot: I argue that the distinction between realism and constructivism is incompatible with Luhmann’s systems theory. An operative theory of (social and psychic) systems has certain ontological implications that cannot be seen from a radical constructivist perspective.
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  7. Christina Lafont (2004). Moral Objectivity and Reasonable Agreement: Can Realism Be Reconciled with Kantian Constructivism? Ratio Juris 17 (1):27-51.score: 60.0
    In this paper I analyze the tension between realism and antirealism at the basis of Kantian constructivism. This tension generates a conflictive account of the source of the validity of social norms. On the one hand, the claim to moral objectivity characteristic of Kantian moral theories makes the validity of norms depend on realist assumptions concerning the existence of shared fundamental interests among all rational human beings. I illustrate this claim through a comparison of the approaches of Rawls, Habermas (...)
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  8. Christine M. Korsgaard (2003). Realism and Constructivism in Twentieth-Century Moral Philosophy. Journal of Philosophical Research 28 (Supplement):99-122.score: 60.0
    In this paper I trace the development of one of the central debates of late twentieth-century moral philosophy—the debate between realism and what Rawls called “constructivism.” Realism, I argue, is a reactive position that arises in response to almost every attempt to give a substantive explanation of morality. It results from the realist’s belief that such explanations inevitably reduce moral phenomena to natural phenomena. I trace this belief, and the essence of realism, to a view about the nature of (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  9. Ilkka Niiniluoto (1991). Realism, Relativism, and Constructivism. Synthese 89 (1):135 - 162.score: 60.0
    This paper gives a critical evaluation of the philosophical presuppositions and implications of two current schools in the sociology of knowledge: the Strong Programme of Bloor and Barnes; and the Constructivism of Latour and Knorr-Cetina. Bloor's arguments for his externalist symmetry thesis (i.e., scientific beliefs must always be explained by social factors) are found to be incoherent or inconclusive. At best, they suggest a Weak Programme of the sociology of science: when theoretical preferences in a scientific community, SC, are (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  10. Mark van Roojen (2005). Rationalist Realism and Constructivist Accounts of Morality. Philosophical Studies 126 (2):285-295.score: 60.0
    This is a review essay about Russ Shafer-Landau's Moral Realism. In Moral Realism, Russ Shafer-Landau divides cognitivist moral theories between realist and constructivist versions, where constructivists characterize morality as necessarily connected to the responses of agents under some conditions. This division is misleading; some constructivist or response-invoking characterizations of ethics are fully realist. We need not deny that reasons must be able to motivate rational agents in order to vindicate realism. Rationalists such as Shafer-Landau are committed to the truth of (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  11. Paul Tibbetts (1988). Representation and the Realist-Constructivist Controversy. Human Studies 11 (2-3):117 - 132.score: 60.0
    No categories
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  12. A. Donk (2011). All Quiet on the Constructivism Front – Or is There a Substantial Contribution of Non-Dualistic Approaches for Communication Science? Constructivist Foundations 7 (1):27-29.score: 60.0
    Open peer commentary on the target article “From Objects to Processes: A Proposal to Rewrite Radical Constructivism” by Siegfried J. Schmidt. Upshot: In the 1990s the emergence of radical constructivism as a meta-theory inspired many scientific disciplines. Since more or less simple realistic concepts of the media as mirroring the world prevailed, communication science was challenged to re-think the relation of media and reality as well. Recently, criticism of constructivist media theory has grown, while those constructivst approaches (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  13. Erik Weber (2008). The Debate Between Causal Realism and Causal Constructivism: Metaphilosophical Reflections. Philosophica 81.score: 60.0
    In this paper I discuss, from a metaphilosophical point of view, the debate between causal realism and causal constructivism. First, I argue that the debate, if it is couched in the general terms as it is traditionally done, rests on a false dilemma. Then I argue that the debate must be disentangled into several more specific debates in order to be interesting.
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  14. Gideon Calder (2011). Climate Change and Normativity: Constructivism Versus Realism. Critical Review of International Social and Political Philosophy 14 (2):153-169.score: 60.0
    Is liberalism adaptable enough to the ecological agenda to deal satisfactorily with the challenges of anthropogenic climate change while leaving its normative foundations intact? Compatibilists answer yes; incompatibilists say no. Comparing such answers, this article argues that it is not discrete liberal principles which impede adapatability, so much as the constructivist model (exemplified in Rawls) of what counts as a valid normative principle. Constructivism has both normative and ontological variants, each with a realist counterpart. I argue that normative (...) in the Rawlsian mode, whatever its strengths elsewhere, is markedly ill?equipped to deal with the particular normative challenges posed by climate change ? and that that these doubts holds regardless of which stance is adopted as its ontological corollary. (shrink)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  15. Trevor Pinch (2013). Tacit Knowledge and Realism and Constructivism in the Writings of Harry Collins. Philosophia Scientiæ 17:41-54.score: 60.0
    In this paper I examine Harry Collins’s influential writing on tacit knowledge. In particular I turn my attention to his recent book, Tacit and Explicit Knowledge [Collins 2010], or TEK, which is arguably the most complete and systematic statement of what he means by the term “tacit knowledge”. As well as examining tacit knowledge as elaborated in this contribution, I draw out an underlying tension in Collins’s major contributions to the sociology of scientific knowledge in general between the realism underlying (...)
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  16. Itay Shani (2014). Naturalized Sacredness? A Realist, Panentheist, and Perennialist Alternative to Kauffman's Constructivism. Zygon 49 (1):22-41.score: 60.0
    In his recent book Reinventing the Sacred, renowned biologist and systems theorist Stuart Kauffman offers an avenue for the revival of the sacred and for reconciling sacredness with a robust scientific outlook. According to Kauffman, God is a human cultural invention, and he urges us to reinvent the sacred as the ceaseless creativity in nature. I argue that Kauffman's proposal suffers from a major shortcoming, namely, being at odds with the nature, and content, of authentic experiences of the sacred, experiences (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  17. Joško Žanić (2008). Reality Check: On the Solvability of the Realism/Constructivism Dispute in Ontology. Synthesis Philosophica 23 (1):93-106.score: 60.0
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  18. Richard J. Evanoff (2005). Reconciling Realism and Constructivism in Environmental Ethics. Environmental Values 14 (1):61 - 81.score: 60.0
    This paper outlines a constructivist approach to environmental ethics which attempts to reconcile realism in the ontological sense, i.e., the view that there is an objective material world existing outside of human consciousness, with the view that how nature is understood and acted in are epistemologically and morally constructed. It is argued that while knowledge and ethics are indeed culturally variable, social constructions of nature are nonetheless constrained by how things actually stand in the world. The 'realist' version of (...) proposed here can be linked to dialectical forms of reasoning which see knowledge and ethics as arising out of human interactions with an objectively real environment, and contrasted with strong constructivist views which see nature as 'nothing more than' a social construct. While both the physical environment and human attitudes towards it are in part socially constructed, nature also retains a measure of autonomy, or 'wildness', apart from human constructions. (shrink)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  19. Georg Kneer (2009). Jenseits von Realismus Und Antirealismus . Eine Verteidigung des Sozialkonstruktivismus Gegenüber Seinen Postkonstruktivistischen Kritikern Beyond Realism and Anti-Realism : A Defense of Social Constructivism Against Its Post-Constructivist Critics. Argumentation 38:5-25.score: 60.0
    Summary: For some years, social constructivism has been confronted with a range of basic caveats and objections. From the point of view of the critics, the concept of a “social construction of reality” has proved to be an unattractive varia- tion of anti-realism that acknowledges the right of social things to exist, but does so at the price of denying non-social entities the right to their own reality. This article attempts to rebut this line of criticism. Using the example (...)
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  20. Juraj Such (2010). Several Remarks on Naive Realism, Constructivism and Critical (Scientific) Realism. Filozofia 65 (7):664-671.score: 60.0
    No categories
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  21. Ofer Gal (2002). Constructivism for Philosophers (Be It a Remark on Realism). Perspectives on Science 10 (4):523-549.score: 58.0
    : Bereft of the illusion of an epistemic vantage point external to science, what should be our commitment towards the categories, concepts and terms of that very science? Should we, despaired of the possibility to found these concepts on rock bottom, adopt empiricist skepticism? Or perhaps the inexistence of external foundations implies, rather, immunity for scientific ontology from epistemological criticism? Philosophy's "realism debate" died out without providing a satisfactory answer to the dilemma, which was taken over by the neighboring disciplines. (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  22. W. D. Christensen & C. A. Hooker (2000). An Interactivist-Constructivist Approach to Intelligence: Self-Directed Anticipative Learning. Philosophical Psychology 13 (1):5 – 45.score: 54.0
    This paper outlines an original interactivist-constructivist (I-C) approach to modelling intelligence and learning as a dynamical embodied form of adaptiveness and explores some applications of I-C to understanding the way cognitive learning is realized in the brain. Two key ideas for conceptualizing intelligence within this framework are developed. These are: (1) intelligence is centrally concerned with the capacity for coherent, context-sensitive, self-directed management of interaction; and (2) the primary model for cognitive learning is anticipative skill construction. Self-directedness is a capacity (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  23. Juan Carlos Aguirre-García & Luis Guillermo Jaramillo-Echeverri (2013). Theory-laden thesis and constructivism. Cinta de Moebio 47:74-82.score: 54.0
    The Thesis of Theory-Laden [TTL] holds that is not possible a neutral observation. From this thesis, some philosophers have inferred that the facts, i.e., the subject’s independent reality, do not exist or that they are social constructions only. The aim of this paper is assess if TTL necessarily implies a constructivist point of view or if, conversely, we can still speak about the reality. In order to do this, we will clarify these terms: "the theory-ladenness of observation" and "constructivism". (...)
    No categories
    Translate to English
    | Direct download (2 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  24. C. Fuchs (2008). Sociology, Dynamic Critical Realism, and Radical Constructivism. Constructivist Foundations 3 (2):97-99.score: 54.0
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  25. Jamie Morgan (2007). Philosophical Realism in International Relations Theory: Kratochwil's Constructivist Challenge to Wendt. Journal of Critical Realism 1 (1):95-118.score: 52.0
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  26. William J. FitzPatrick (2005). The Practical Turn in Ethical Theory: Korsgaard's Constructivism, Realism, and the Nature of Normativity. Ethics 115 (4):651-691.score: 50.0
  27. Laura Papish (2011). The Changing Shape of Korsgaard's Understanding of Constructivism. Journal of Value Inquiry 45 (4):451-463.score: 50.0
    The goal of the following paper is to consider the development and viability of Korsgaard’s latest work, Self-Constitution. More specifically, I show that we should understand this book as a response to difficulties with both Korsgaard’s argument in 1996’s The Sources of Normativity and Korsgaard’s earlier attempts to explain what marks the difference between realist and constructivist approaches to ethical theory. I begin by focusing primarily on her essay “Realism and Constructivism in Twentieth-Century Moral Philosophy.” Here I consider exactly (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  28. James A. Stieb (2006). Moral Realism and Kantian Constructivism. Ratio Juris 19 (4):402-420.score: 50.0
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  29. Michael Corsten (1998). Review Symposium on Searle : John Searle, the Construction of Social Reality. Free Press, New York, 1995. Pp. 241. $25. I. Between Constructivism and Realism—Searle's Theory of the Construction of Social Reality. [REVIEW] Philosophy of the Social Sciences 28 (1):102-121.score: 50.0
  30. Joseph Rouse (2002). Vampires: Social Constructivism, Realism, and Other Philosophical Undead. History and Theory 41 (1):60–78.score: 50.0
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  31. John Sabini & Jay Schulkin (1994). Biological Realism and Social Constructivism. Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour 24 (3):207–217.score: 50.0
    No categories
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  32. Henk van den Belt (2003). How to Engage with Experimental Practices? Moderate Versus Radical Constructivism. Journal for General Philosophy of Science 34 (2):201-219.score: 50.0
    A central question in constructivist studies of science is how the analyst should deal with the material objects handled by scientific practitioners in laboratories. Representatives of ‘radical constructivism’ such as Knorr-Cetina and Latour have gone furthest in exploring the role of these ‘non-humans’ but have also maneuvered themselves in untenable positions due to a fatal conflation of different meanings of the term ‘construction’. The epistemological and ontological commitments of ‘moderate constructivism’ especially of the Strong Program defended by Barnes (...)
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  33. Robert Nola (1994). There Are More Things in Heaven and Earth, Horatio, Than Are Dreamt of in Your Philosophy: A Dialogue on Realism and Constructivism. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 25 (5):689-727.score: 50.0
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  34. Karen Barad (1996). Meeting the Universe Halfway: Realism and Social Constructivism Without Contradiction. In. In Lynn Hankinson Nelson & Jack Nelson (eds.), Feminism, Science, and the Philosophy of Science. 161--194.score: 50.0
  35. P. Kotatko (2005). Realism and Linguistic Constructivism. Organon F. Medzinárodný Časopis Pre Analytickú Filozofiu 12 (4):377-396.score: 50.0
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  36. J. K. Swindler (1998). Constructivist Moral Realism. Southwest Philosophy Review 14 (1):1-24.score: 50.0
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  37. Mark Van Roojen (2005). Review: Rationalist Realism and Constructivist Accounts of Morality. [REVIEW] Philosophical Studies 126 (2):285 - 295.score: 50.0
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  38. Dirk-M. Grube (1998). Realism, Foundationalism, and Constructivism: A Philosopher's Bermuda-Triangle? Neue Zeitschrift für Systematische Theologie Und Religionsphilosophie 40 (1):107-126.score: 50.0
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  39. Vassilios Karakostas & Pandora Hadzidaki (2005). Realism Vs. Constructivism in Contemporary Physics: The Impact of the Debate on the Understanding of Quantum Theory and its Instructional Process. Science and Education 14 (7-8):607-629.score: 50.0
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  40. Henning Høgh Laursen (2002). Reflections on the Philosophy of Science Beyond Realism and Constructivism. SATS 3 (1):83-101.score: 50.0
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  41. Alberto Martínez‐Delgado (2002). Radical Constructivism: Between Realism and Solipsism. Science Education 86 (6):840-855.score: 50.0
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  42. Nick Redfern (2006). Realism, Radical Constructivism, and Film History. Essays in Philosophy 7 (2):10.score: 50.0
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  43. Kersten Reich (2005). Towards a Constructivist View of Action Levels in Learning Processes-a Plead Against Na'i've Realism. In Friedrich Wallner, Martin J. Jandl & Kurt Greiner (eds.), Science, Medicine, and Culture: Festschrift for Fritz G. Wallner. Peter Lang. 226.score: 50.0
    No categories
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  44. Robert Stern (2007). Freedom, Self-Legislation and Morality in Kant and Hegel: Constructivist Vs. Realist Accounts. In Espen Hammer (ed.), German Idealism: Contemporary Perspectives. Routledge. 245--66.score: 50.0
    No categories
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  45. Eugen Zelenak (2009). Historical Fact, Realism and Constructivism. Filozofia 64 (7):625-633.score: 50.0
    No categories
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  46. Dominique Lestel (2011). What Capabilities for the Animal? Biosemiotics 4 (1):83-102.score: 48.0
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  47. Carla Bagnoli (2013). Constructivism About Practical Knowledge. In , Constructivism in Ethics. Cambridge University Press. 153-182.score: 42.0
    It is largely agreed that if constructivism contributes anything to meta-ethics it is by proposing that we understand ethical objectivity “in terms of a suitably constructed point of view that all can accept” (Rawls 1980/1999: 307). Constructivists defend this “practical” conception of objectivity in contrast to the realist or “ontological” conception of objectivity, understood as an accurate representation of an independent metaphysical order. Because of their objectivist but not realist commitments, Kantian constructivists place their theory “somewhere in the space (...)
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  48. Jonathan D. Raskin (2011). On Essences in Constructivist Psychology. Journal of Theoretical and Philosophical Psychology 31 (4):223-239.score: 40.0
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  49. V. Gadenne (2008). The Construction of Realism. Constructivist Foundations 3 (3):153-159.score: 40.0
    Purpose: To develop a realistic view that integrates the idea that knowledge is a constructive process. Problem: In the controversy between realism and constructivism, both sides have often misunderstood each other. Many realists still consider constructivism as a kind of idealism. And constructivists often assume that realists believe they have direct access to things as they really are. It seems necessary to clarify the statements of either side, to rule out some misunderstandings, and then to discuss anew (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  50. Carla Bagnoli, Constructivism in Metaethics. Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.score: 38.0
    Constructivism in ethics is the view that insofar as there are normative truths, for example, truths about what we ought to do, they are in some sense determined by an idealized process of rational deliberation, choice, or agreement. As a “first-order moral account”--an account of which moral principles are correct--constructivism is the view that the moral principles we ought to accept or follow are the ones that agents would agree to or endorse were they to engage in a (...)
    Translate to English
    | Direct download (2 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
1 — 50 / 1000