Search results for 'reproductive ethics' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. New Reproductive (1992). Women and New Reproductive. In Helen B. Holmes & Laura Purdy (eds.), Feminist Perspectives in Medical Ethics. Indiana University Press. 695--167.score: 420.0
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  2. Peter F. Omonzejele (2010). Global Principles, Local Obligations: Reproductive Ethics in Affluent Societies and Developing Countries. Human Reproduction and Genetic Ethics 16 (1):32-47.score: 192.0
    This essay is an intercultural dialogue in reproductive ethics. The paper, which argues from both developed and developing world perspectives, addresses the question of what should be done when confronted with the possibility of giving birth to a severely disabled child. The author argues that such a life should not be considered because of the economic circumstances in most developing countries. This is contrary to the view sometimes advanced in affluent societies that the prevention of such a birth (...)
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  3. Bertha Alvarez Manninen (2009). The Metaphysical Foundations of Reproductive Ethics. Journal of Applied Philosophy 26 (2):190-204.score: 180.0
    Many bioethicists working in reproductive ethics tacitly assume some theory of diachronic personal identity. For example, Peter Singer argues that there is no identity relation between a foetus and a future individual because the former shares no robust mental connections with the latter. Consequently, abortion prevents the existence of an individual; it does not destroy an already existing individual. Singer's argument implicitly appeals to the psychological account of personal identity, which, although endorsed by many philosophers such as Derek (...)
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  4. Edward Collins Vacek (1992). Catholic 'Natural Law' and Reproductive Ethics. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 17 (3):329-346.score: 180.0
    Catholic natural law has had a long and evolving interest in bioethics. Thomas Aquinas left natural law a legacy of great flexibility in evaluating goods within a whole life. He also bequeathed to the Church the basis for an abolutism on sexual issues. Modern reproductive medicine and a deeper understanding of human freedom have reopened these issues. The Vatican has developed new, holistic arguments to proscribe reproductive interventions, but critics remain unconvinced that marital relationships and goods have been (...)
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  5. Marcello Di Paola & Gianfranco Pellegrino (2012). Temporary Reproductive Suspension: Population Ethics and Climate Change. Iride 25 (1):57-78.score: 168.0
    This paper focuses on a specific proposal connected with the issue of mitigating climate change by reducing GHG concentrations in the atmosphere. The idea of campaigning in favour of a temporary reproductive suspension, to be addressed to a range of citizens of developed countries , is explored. Some details of the proposal are specified, and the proposal itself is defended against four objec- tions: 1. that it encroaches reproductive freedom; 2. that it subtracts from the overall value the (...)
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  6. Anna Smajdor (2014). How Useful is the Concept of the ‘Harm Threshold’ in Reproductive Ethics and Law? Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 35 (5):321-336.score: 162.0
    In his book Reasons and Persons, Derek Parfit suggests that people are not harmed by being conceived with a disease or disability if they could not have existed without suffering that particular condition. He nevertheless contends that entities can be harmed if the suffering they experience is sufficiently severe. By implication, there is a threshold which divides harmful from non-harmful conceptions. The assumption that such a threshold exists has come to play a part in UK policy making. I argue that (...)
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  7. Daniel Sperling (2010). Commanding the “Be Fruitful and Multiply” Directive: Reproductive Ethics, Law, and Policy in Israel. Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 19 (03):363-371.score: 156.0
    As of June 2009, Israel’s population was 7,424,400 people, 5,604,900 of which were Jewish, 1,502,400 were Arabs, and approximately 317,200 had no religion or are non-Arab Christians. Established in 1948, Israel is a highly urban and industrialized country. Its gross domestic product per capita is US$23,257, positioning it among the European developed countries. Life expectancy is 79 years for males and 82 years for females, with infant mortality rate of 4 cases per 1,000 live births. Of Israel’s GDP, 7.7% is (...)
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  8. Carson Strong (2002). Overview: A Framework for Reproductive Ethics. In Donna L. Dickenson (ed.), Ethical Issues in Maternal-Fetal Medicine. Cambridge University Press. 17--36.score: 152.0
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  9. Bernard G. Prusak (2010). What Are Parents For?: Reproductive Ethics After the Nonidentity Problem. Hastings Center Report 40 (2):37-47.score: 150.0
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  10. Hannelore Koerner (1989). Ethics in Reproductive Medicine in the German Democratic Republic. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 14 (3):335-341.score: 150.0
    The paper discusses the practice of genetic counseling and elective abortion in the German Democratic Republic. Keywords: elective abortion, embryo transfer, in vitro fertilization, protection of human life, reproductive ethics, German Democratic Republic, bioethics CiteULike Connotea Del.icio.us What's this?
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  11. R. Narruhn & I. R. Schellenberg (2012). Caring Ethics and a Somali Reproductive Dilemma. Nursing Ethics 20 (4):0969733012453363.score: 150.0
    The use of traditional ethical methodologies is inadequate in addressing a constructed maternal–fetal rights conflict in a multicultural obstetrical setting. The use of caring ethics and relational approach is better suited to address multicultural conceptualizations of autonomy and moral distress. The way power differentials, authoritative knowledge, and informed consent are intertwined in this dilemma will be illuminated by contrasting traditional bioethics and a caring ethics approach. Cultural safety is suggested as a way to develop a relational ontology. Using (...)
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  12. Arthur Schafer (1985). Reproductive Ethics Michael Bayles Philosophy of Medicine Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall, 1984. Pp. 144. $9.95 Paper. [REVIEW] Dialogue 24 (04):731-.score: 150.0
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  13. G. R. Dunstan (1984). A Secular Moralist's Manual. Reproductive Ethics. By MICHAEL D. BAYLES. Prentice-Hall, 1984, Pp. 41. Paperback, �9.45. [REVIEW] Bioessays 1 (4):189-190.score: 150.0
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  14. John McMillan (2007). The Return of the Inseminator: Eutelegenesis in Past and Contemporary Reproductive Ethics. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C 38 (2):393-410.score: 150.0
    Eugenicists in the 1930s and 1940s emphasised our moral responsibilities to future generations and the importance of positively selecting traits that would benefit humanity. In 1935 Herbert Brewer recommended ‘Eutelegenesis’ so that that future generations are not only protected from hereditary disease but also become more intelligent and fraternal than us. The development of these techniques for human use and animal husbandry was the catalyst for the cross fertilization of moral ideas and the development of a critical procreative morality. While (...)
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  15. J. L. Nelson (2000). Reproductive Ethics and the Family. New Zealand Bioethics Journal 1 (1):4-10.score: 150.0
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  16. Francis Myrna Kamm (1985). Sheila McLean and Gerry Maher, Medicine, Morals, and the Law; Michael Bayles, Reproductive Ethics; Douglas N. Walton, Ethics of Withdrawal of Life-Support Systems Reviewed By. Philosophy in Review 5 (4):168-173.score: 150.0
    Title: Medicine, Morals, and the LawPublisher: Gower Pub CoISBN: 0566005336Author: Sheila McLean and Gerry MaherTitle: Reproductive EthicsPublisher: Prentice HallISBN: 0137739044Author: Michael BaylesTitle: Ethics of Withdrawal of Life-Support SystemsPublisher: Praeger PaperbackISBN: 0275927105Author: Douglas N. Walton.
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  17. Stephen Napier (2013). Reproductive Ethics: Adaequatio and Dialogical Virtues. Journal of Clinical Research and Bioethics 1 (S1).score: 150.0
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  18. David T. Ozar (1991). Reproductive Ethics and Frameworks for Ethics Education. Teaching Philosophy 14 (3):305-311.score: 150.0
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  19. Alvin Chew (2010). The Moment One Begins to Have Parental Obligations and How This Matters to Reproductive Ethics. Asian Bioethics Review 2 (1):82-86.score: 150.0
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  20. T. Murray (2003). Reproductive Ethics-Reply. Hastings Center Report 33 (1):5-5.score: 150.0
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  21. Christine Overall (1986). Reproductive Ethics: Feminist and Non Feminist Approaches. Canadian Journal of Women and the Law 1 (2):271-278.score: 150.0
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  22. John A. Robertson (2002). Reproductive Ethics. Hastings Center Report 33 (1):4-5.score: 150.0
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  23. S. Matthew Liao (2008). Selecting Children: The Ethics of Reproductive Genetic Engineering. Philosophy Compass 3 (5):973-991.score: 144.0
    Advances in reproductive genetic engineering have the potential to transform human lives. Not only do they promise to allow us to select children free of diseases, they can also enable us to select children with desirable traits. In this paper, I consider two clusters of arguments for the moral permissibility of reproductive genetic engineering, what I call the Perfectionist View and the Libertarian View; and two clusters of arguments against reproductive genetic engineering, what I call the Human (...)
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  24. G. K. D. Crozier & Dominique Martin (2012). How to Address the Ethics of Reproductive Travel to Developing Countries: A Comparison of National Self-Sufficiency and Regulated Market Approaches. Developing World Bioethics 12 (1):45-54.score: 144.0
    One of the areas of concern raised by cross-border reproductive travel regards the treatment of women who are solicited to provide their ova or surrogacy services to foreign consumers. This is particularly troublesome in the context of developing countries where endemic poverty and low standards for both medical care and informed consent may place these women at risk of exploitation and harm. We explore two contrasting proposals for policy development regarding the industry, both of which seek to promote ethical (...)
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  25. Erik Malmqvist, Good Parents, Better Babies : An Argument About Reproductive Technologies, Enhancement and Ethics.score: 144.0
    This study is a contribution to the bioethical debate about new and possibly emerging reproductive technologies. Its point of departure is the intuition, which many people seem to share, that using such technologies to select non-disease traits – like sex and emotional stability - in yet unborn children is morally problematic, at least more so than using the technologies to avoid giving birth to children with severe genetic diseases, or attempting to shape the non-disease traits of already existing children (...)
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  26. Judit Sándor & Violeta Beširević (eds.) (2009). Perfect Copy?: Law and Ethics of Reproductive Medicine. Cenger for Ethics and Law in Biomedicine.score: 144.0
     
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  27. Rebecca J. Cook, Bernard M. Dickens & Mahmoud F. Fathalla (2003). Reproductive Health and Human Rights: Integrating Medicine, Ethics, and Law. Clarendon Press.score: 144.0
    The concept of reproductive health promises to play a crucial role in improving health care provision and legal protection for women around the world. This is an authoritative and much-needed introduction to and defence of the concept of reproductive health, which though internationally endorsed, is still contested. The authors are leading authorities on reproductive medicine, women's health, human rights, medical law, and bioethics. They integrate their disciplines to provide an accessible but comprehensive picture. They analyse 15 cases (...)
     
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  28. S. Camporesi & L. Bortolotti (2008). Reproductive Cloning in Humans and Therapeutic Cloning in Primates: Is the Ethical Debate Catching Up with the Recent Scientific Advances? Journal of Medical Ethics 34 (9):e15-e15.score: 138.0
    After years of failure, in November 2007 primate embryonic stem cells were derived by somatic cellular nuclear transfer, also known as therapeutic cloning. The first embryo transfer for human reproductive cloning purposes was also attempted in 2006, albeit with negative results. These two events force us to think carefully about the possibility of human cloning which is now much closer to becoming a reality. In this paper we tackle this issue from two sides, first summarising what scientists have achieved (...)
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  29. Joseph F. Fletcher (1974). The Ethics of Genetic Control: Ending Reproductive Roulette. Garden City, N.Y.,Anchor Press.score: 136.0
  30. Janet Malek (2006). Identity, Harm, and the Ethics of Reproductive Technology. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 31 (1):83 – 95.score: 132.0
    The controversial question of whether a future child can be harmed by the use of reproductive technology turns on the way that the future child's identity is understood. As a result, analysis of the ethical and legal obligations to the children of reproductive technology that are based upon the possibility of such harm depends upon the conception of identity that is used. This paper reviews the contributions of two recent books, David DeGrazia's Human Identity and Bioethics (2005) and (...)
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  31. Anton van Niekerk & Liezl van Zyl (1995). The Ethics of Surrogacy: Women's Reproductive Labour. Journal of Medical Ethics 21 (6):345-349.score: 132.0
    The aim of this article is to establish whether there is anything intrinsically immoral about surrogacy arrangements from the perspective of the surrogate mother herself. Specific attention is paid to the claim that surrogacy is similar to prostitution in that it reduces women's reproductive labour to a form of alienated and/or dehumanized labour.
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  32. Daniel M. Goldstein (2003). Reproductive Technologies of the Self: Michel Foucault and Meta-Narrative-Ethics. Journal of Medical Humanities 24 (3-4):229-240.score: 132.0
    This paper presents a direction for narrative ethics based on ethical ideas found in the works of Michel Foucault. Narrative ethics is understood here at the meta-level of cultural discourse to see how the moral subject is constituted by the discursive practices that structure the contemporary debate on reproductive technologies. At this level it becomes meta-narrative-ethics. After a theoretical discussion, this paper uses two literary narratives representing the polarized views in the debate to show how the (...)
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  33. Barbara Hewson (2001). Reproductive Autonomy and the Ethics of Abortion. Journal of Medical Ethics 27 (suppl 2):10-14.score: 132.0
    Abortion is one of the most controversial issues in today's world. People tend to turn to the law when trying to decide what is the best possible solution to an unwanted pregnancy. Here the author's views on abortion are discussed from a lawyer's and a woman's point of view. By taking into consideration the rights of the fetus an “antagonistic relationship” between the woman and her unborn child may occur. Therefore, women should have more autonomy in the issue. The article (...)
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  34. Matthias Kettner & Dieter Schäfer (1998). Identifying Moral Perplexity in Reproductive Medicine: A Discourse Ethics Rationale. Human Reproduction and Genetic Ethics 4 (1):8.score: 132.0
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  35. Morenike Oluwatoyin Folayan, Bridget Haire, Abigail Harrison, Morolake Odetoyingbo, Olawunmi Fatusi & Brandon Brown (2014). Ethical Issues in Adolescents' Sexual and Reproductive Health Research in Nigeria. Developing World Bioethics 15 (1).score: 132.0
    There is increasing interest in the need to address the ethical dilemmas related to the engagement of adolescents in sexual and reproductive health research. Research projects, including those that address issues related to STIs and HIV, adverse pregnancy outcomes, violence, and mental health, must be designed and implemented to address the needs of adolescents. Decisions on when an individual has adequate capacity to give consent for research most commonly use age as a surrogate rather than directly assessing capacity to (...)
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  36. Julien S. Murphy (1998). Ethics in Reproductive and Perinatal Medicine: A New Framework, by Carson Strong. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1997. 247 Pp. The Perfect Baby: A Pragmatic Approach to Genetics, by Glenn McGee. Lanham: Rowman & Littlefield, 1997. 166 Pp. New Ways of Making Babies: The Case of Egg Donation, by Cynthia B. Cohen, Ed. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1996. 332 Pp. [REVIEW] Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 7 (2):226-229.score: 128.0
    The major dilemma for bioethics is choosing an appropriate method of ethical analysis, one that when applied to individual cases can illuminate if not resolve vexing ethical issues for providers and their patients. Two of these books offer direction in this regard. The framework Carson Strong adopts and makes a compelling case for in EthicsinReproductiveandPerinatalMedicine:ANewFramework is one of modified casuistry. Casuistry, imported to bioethics by Jonsen and Toulmin, is a practical, case-based method of ethical decisionmaking. It relies on comparison between (...)
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  37. D. Elsner (2006). Just Another Reproductive Technology? The Ethics of Human Reproductive Cloning as an Experimental Medical Procedure. Journal of Medical Ethics 32 (10):596-600.score: 126.0
    Human reproductive cloning has not yet resulted in any live births. There has been widespread condemnation of the practice in both the scientific world and the public sphere, and many countries explicitly outlaw the practice. Concerns about the procedure range from uncertainties about its physical safety to questions about the psychological well-being of clones. Yet, key aspects such as the philosophical implications of harm to future entities and a comparison with established reproductive technologies such as in vitro fertilisation (...)
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  38. Florencia Luna (2004). Reproductive Health and Research Ethics: Hot Issues in Argentina. Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 13 (03):267-274.score: 126.0
    In this article I focus on two issues concerning bioethics in Argentina: reproductive health and ethics in research. Although these topics are quite dissimilar, they share a particular feature: their special relationship with context.
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  39. D. Micah Hester (2002). Reproductive Technologies as Instruments of Meaningful Parenting: Ethics in the Age of ARTs. Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 11 (04):401-410.score: 126.0
    Since the decade of the 1970s, and particularly since the first successful test-tube baby in 1978, the development and use of assisted reproductive technologies have grown exponentially. Would-be parents—including those in so-called traditional male-female marriages, unmarried adults, postmenopausal women, and same-sex partnerships—who just over 20 years ago had no recourse for their fertility issues can now pursue their desires to have children with at least a partial, if not, total, genetic and/or biological relationship. Ovulation-stimulating medications, artificial insemination using the (...)
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  40. Linda LeMoncheck (1996). Philosophy, Gender Politics, and in Vitro Fertilization: A Feminist Ethics of Reproductive Healthcare. Journal of Clinical Ethics 7 (2):160.score: 126.0
  41. Z. Pickup (1990). Logos -- Manufactured Motherhood; The Ethics of the New Reproductive Techniques. Journal of Medical Ethics 16 (3):164-164.score: 126.0
  42. Julien S. Murphy (1998). Ethics in Reproductive and Perinatal Medicine: A New Framework, by Carson Strong. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1997. 247 Pp. [REVIEW] Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 7 (2):226-229.score: 126.0
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  43. E. Kingdom (1993). Philosophical Ethics in Reproductive Medicine. Journal of Medical Ethics 19 (1):58-59.score: 126.0
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  44. Janie B. Butts (forthcoming). Reproductive Issues and Nursing Ethics. Nursing Ethics: Across the Curriculum and Into Practice.score: 126.0
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  45. M. Charlesworth (1998). Ethics in Reproductive and Perinatal Medicine: A New Framework. Journal of Medical Ethics 24 (4):284-284.score: 126.0
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  46. Kathryn Lilla Cox (2013). The Infertility Treadmill: Feminist Ethics, Personal Choice, and the Use of Reproductive Technologies by Karey Harwood. Journal of the Society of Christian Ethics 33 (2):209-210.score: 126.0
  47. Nancy S. Jecker (1990). Conceiving a Child to Save a Child: Reproductive and Filial Ethics. Journal of Clinical Ethics 1 (2):99.score: 126.0
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  48. Guido Van Steendam, András Dinnyés, Jacques Mallet, Rolando Meloni, Carlos Romeo Casabona, Jorge Guerra González, Josef Kure, Eörs Szathmáry, Jan Vorstenbosch & Péter Molnár (2006). The Budapest Meeting 2005 Intensified Networking on Ethics of Science: The Case of Reproductive Cloning, Germline Gene Therapy and Human Dignity. Science and Engineering Ethics 12 (4):731-793.score: 126.0
    For more information about the authors and the participants in the Budapest Meeting, see pp. 419–420.
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  49. Abul Fadl Mohsin Ebrahim (2002). Religio-Ethics and Assisted Reproductive Technologies. In Abu Bakar Abdul Majeed (ed.), Bioethics: Ethics in the Biotechnology Century. Institute of Islamic Understanding Malaysia.score: 126.0
     
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