Search results for 'request' (try it on Scholar)

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  1.  33
    Veronique Bergeron (2007). The Ethics of Cesarean Section on Maternal Request: A Feminist Critique of the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists' Position on Patient-Choice Surgery. Bioethics 21 (9):478–487.
  2. Penney Lewis & Isra Black (2013). Adherence to the Request Criterion in Jurisdictions Where Assisted Dying Is Lawful? A Review of the Criteria and Evidence in the Netherlands, Belgium, Oregon, and Switzerland. Journal of Law, Medicine & Ethics 41 (4):885-898.
    Some form of assisted dying (voluntary euthanasia and/or assisted suicide) is lawful in the Netherlands, Belgium, Oregon, and Switzerland. In order to be lawful in these jurisdictions, a valid request must precede the provision of assistance to die. Non-adherence to the criteria for valid requests for assisted dying may be a trigger for civil and/or criminal liability, as well as disciplinary sanctions where the assistor is a medical professional. In this article, we review the criteria and evidence in respect (...)
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  3.  9
    G. K. Kimsma (2010). Death by Request in The Netherlands: Facts, the Legal Context and Effects on Physicians, Patients and Families. Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 13 (4):355-361.
    In this article I intend to describe an issue of the Dutch euthanasia practice that is not common knowledge. After some general introductory descriptions, by way of formulating a frame of reference, I shall describe the effects of this practice on patients, physicians and families, followed by a more philosophical reflection on the significance of these effects for the assessment of the authenticity of a request and the nature of unbearable suffering, two key concepts in the procedure towards euthanasia (...)
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  4.  6
    J. A. C. Rietjens, D. G. van Tol, M. Schermer & A. van Der Heide (2009). Judgement of Suffering in the Case of a Euthanasia Request in The Netherlands. Journal of Medical Ethics 35 (8):502-507.
    Introduction: In The Netherlands, physicians have to be convinced that the patient suffers unbearably and hopelessly before granting a request for euthanasia. The extent to which general practitioners (GPs), consulted physicians and members of the euthanasia review committees judge this criterion similarly was evaluated. Methods: 300 GPs, 150 consultants and 27 members of review committees were sent a questionnaire with patient descriptions. Besides a “standard case” of a patient with physical suffering and limited life expectancy, the descriptions included cases (...)
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  5.  3
    Jack de Groot, Maria van Hoek, Cornelia Hoedemaekers, Andries Hoitsma, Hans Schilderman, Wim Smeets, Myrra Vernooij-Dassen & Evert van Leeuwen (2016). Request for organ donation without donor registration: a qualitative study of the perspectives of bereaved relatives. BMC Medical Ethics 17 (1):1.
    In the Netherlands, consent from relatives is obligatory for post mortal donation. This study explored the perspectives of relatives regarding the request for consent for donation in cases without donor registration. A content analysis of narratives of 24 bereaved relatives of unregistered, eligible, brain-dead donors was performed. Relatives of unregistered, brain-dead patients usually refuse consent for donation, even if they harbour pro-donation attitudes themselves, or knew that the deceased favoured organ donation. Half of those who refused consent for donation (...)
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  6.  14
    M. K. Dees, M. J. Vernooij-Dassen, W. J. Dekkers, K. C. Vissers & C. van Weel (2011). 'Unbearable Suffering': A Qualitative Study on the Perspectives of Patients Who Request Assistance in Dying. Journal of Medical Ethics 37 (12):727-734.
    Background One of the objectives of medicine is to relieve patients' suffering. As a consequence, it is important to understand patients' perspectives of suffering and their ability to cope. However, there is poor insight into what determines their suffering and their ability to bear it. Purpose To explore the constituent elements of suffering of patients who explicitly request euthanasia or physician-assisted suicide (EAS) and to better understand unbearable suffering from the patients' perspective. Patients and methods A qualitative study using (...)
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  7.  4
    Omid Mahian & Somchai Wongwises (2015). Is It Ethical for Journals to Request Self-Citation? Science and Engineering Ethics 21 (2):531-533.
    By following the recently published paper in Science titled “Coercive Citation in Academic Publishing”, in this paper, we aim to discuss the demand of some journals that request authors to cite recently published papers in that journal to increase the impact factor of that journal. It will be mentioned that some of these demands are not ethical and consequently will diminish the reputation of the journal.
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  8.  7
    Z. S. Manzari, E. Mohammadi, A. Heydari, H. R. A. Sharbaf, M. J. M. Azizi & E. Khaleghi (2012). Exploring Families' Experiences of an Organ Donation Request After Brain Death. Nursing Ethics 19 (5):654-665.
    This qualitative research study with a content analysis approach aimed to explore families’ experiences of an organ donation request after brain death. Data were collected through 38 unstructured and in-depth interviews with 14 consenting families and 12 who declined to donate organs. A purposeful sampling process began in October 2009 and ended in October 2010. Data analysis reached 10 categories and two major themes were listed as: 1) serenity in eternal freedom; and 2) resentful grief. The central themes were (...)
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  9.  13
    M. Sercu, P. Pype, T. Christiaens, M. Grypdonck, A. Derese & M. Deveugele (2012). Are General Practitioners Prepared to End Life on Request in a Country Where Euthanasia is Legalised? Journal of Medical Ethics 38 (5):274-280.
    Background In 2002, Belgium set a legal framework for euthanasia, whereby granting and performing euthanasia is entrusted entirely to physicians, and—as advised by Belgian Medical Deontology—in the context of a trusted patient–physician relationship. Euthanasia is, however, rarely practiced, so the average physician will not attain routine in this matter. Aim To explore how general practitioners in Flanders (Belgium) deal with euthanasia. This was performed via qualitative analysis of semistructured interviews with 52 general practitioners (GPs). Results Although GPs can understand a (...)
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  10.  4
    Tore Nilstun, Marwan Habiba, Goran Lingman, Rudolfo Saracci, Monica Da Fre & Marina Cuttini (2008). Cesarean Delivery on Maternal Request: Can the Ethical Problem Be Solved by the Principlist Approach? BMC Medical Ethics 9 (1):11-.
    In this article, we use the principlist approach to identify, analyse and attempt to solve the ethical problem raised by a pregnant woman's request for cesarean delivery in absence of medical indications.We use two different types of premises: factual (facts about cesarean delivery and specifically attitudes of obstetricians as derived from the EUROBS European study) and value premises (principles of beneficence and non-maleficence, respect for autonomy and justice).Beneficence/non-maleficence entails physicians' responsibility to minimise harms and maximise benefits. Avoiding its inherent (...)
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  11.  5
    A. Lindblad, N. Juth, C. J. Furst & N. Lynoe (2010). When Enough is Enough; Terminating Life-Sustaining Treatment at the Patient's Request: A Survey of Attitudes Among Swedish Physicians and the General Public. Journal of Medical Ethics 36 (5):284-289.
    Objectives To explore attitudes and reasoning among Swedish physicians and the general public regarding the withdrawal of life-sustaining treatment at a competent patient's request. Design A vignette-based postal questionnaire including 1202 randomly selected individuals in the county of Stockholm and 1200 randomly selected Swedish physicians with various specialities. The vignettes described patients requesting withdrawal of their life-sustaining treatment: (1) a 77-year-old woman on dialysis; (2) a 36-year-old man on dialysis; (3) a 34-year-old ventilator-dependent tetraplegic man. Responders were asked to (...)
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  12.  27
    Zenon Szablowinski (2011). Apology with and Without a Request for Forgiveness. Heythrop Journal 53 (5):731-741.
    The offender who desires to restore or maintain a relationship after a conflict apologises to his or her victim. Not only an individual but also a group can make apology. Groups do it through their representatives who are recognised as such by both sides. Sometimes offenders acknowledge wrongdoing and express regret for it. At other times while apologising, they may also ask for forgiveness. Does apology without a request for forgiveness mean the same as apology with such a (...)? Are there any cases where apology may be appropriate, but not a request for forgiveness? Do those who apologise without asking for forgiveness really not want to be forgiven? This article answers these questions by exploring the notion of apology and its relation to forgiveness. (shrink)
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  13.  10
    Cameron Stewart, Carmelle Peisah & Brian Draper (2011). A Test for Mental Capacity to Request Assisted Suicide. Journal of Medical Ethics 37 (1):34-39.
    The mental competence of people requesting aid-in-dying is a key issue for the how the law responds to cases of assisted suicide. A number of cases from around the common law world have highlighted the importance of competence in determining whether assistants should be prosecuted, and what they will be prosecuted for. Nevertheless, the law remains uncertain about how competence should be tested in these cases. This article proposes a test of competence that is based on the existing common law (...)
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  14.  4
    Hans-Martin Sass (1998). Genotyping in Clinical Trials: Towards a Principle of Informed Request. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 23 (3):288 – 296.
    This paper reviews the usefulness of bioethical instruments such as the informed consent principle to handle ethical and political challenges of clinical trials in genotyping and DNA-banking and discusses an informed request model as well as other contractual relations between research institutions, patients, and their families.
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  15.  15
    Lawrence J. Schneiderman (1995). When Families Request That 'Everything Possible' Be Done. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 20 (2):145-163.
    The paper explores the ethical and psychological issues that arise when family members request that "everything possible" be done for a particular patient. The paper first illustrates this phenomenon by reviewing the well known case of Helga Wanglie. We proceed to argue that in Wanglie and similar cases family members may request futile treatments as a means of conveying that (1) the loss of the patient is tantamount to losing a part of themselves; (2) the patient should not (...)
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  16.  10
    C. Gannon (2005). A Request for Hospice Admission From Hospital to Withdraw Ventilation. Journal of Medical Ethics 31 (7):383-384.
    A request to admit a hospital inpatient with motor neurone disease to the hospice generated unusual unease. Significantly, withdrawal of ventilation had already been planned. The presumption that ventilation would be withdrawn after transfer presented a dilemma. Should the hospice accept the admission? If so, should the hospice staff stop the ventilation, and then when and how? Debate centred on the continuity of best interests and the logistics of withdrawing ventilation. The factors making the request contentious identified competing (...)
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  17.  1
    J. Kenneth MacKinnon (1971). Heracles' Intention in His Second Request of Hyllus: Trach. 1216–51. Classical Quarterly 21 (01):33-.
    Commentators on the Trachiniae, when dealing with Heracles' second request of Hyllus, normally take it that the dying hero asks his son to marry Iole, Heracles' concubine. Such a request on the part of any Greek in Heracles' situation would be puzzling. It is specially so on the part of Heracles, who has not been notable in the drama up to this point for tenderness to his womenfolk, having given no consideration to Deianeira's sentiments in the matter of (...)
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  18.  5
    Eli Feen (2010). Leave Current System of Universal CPR and Patient Request of DNR Orders in Place. American Journal of Bioethics 10 (1):80-81.
    (2010). Leave Current System of Universal CPR and Patient Request of DNR Orders in Place. The American Journal of Bioethics: Vol. 10, No. 1, pp. 80-81.
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  19.  2
    N. S. Jecker & L. J. Schneiderman (1995). When Families Request That 'Everything Possible' Be Done. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 20 (2):145-163.
    The paper explores the ethical and psychological issues that arise when family members request that “everything possible” be done for a particular patient. The paper first illustrates this phenomenon by reviewing the well known case of Helga Wanglie. We proceed to argue that in Wanglie and similar cases family members may request futile treatments as a means of conveying that (1) the loss of the patient is tantamount to losing a part of themselves; (2) the patient should not (...)
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  20. T. K. Chan, E. Hui & B. Chung (2014). A Child Born with Edward's Syndrome: The Legal and Moral Duty to Accede to the Request for Parentage Determination. Journal of Medical Ethics 40 (6):383-386.
    Advances in medical technology inevitably bring about different kinds of ethical challenges for practising doctors. The following hypothetical case of assisted reproduction is presented as an example. A boy is born with Edward's syndrome following assisted reproduction. The parents suspect that there has been an error of embryo mix-up. They challenge the parenthood and request a genetic test to determine the biological parentage of the neonate. Should the attending paediatrician in this case accede to the request? We argue (...)
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  21. J. Goldie (2004). Students' Attitudes and Potential Behaviour to a Competent Patient's Request for Withdrawal of Treatment as They Pass Through a Modern Medical Curriculum. Journal of Medical Ethics 30 (4):371-376.
    Objective: To examine students’ attitudes and potential behaviour to a competent patient’s request for withdrawal of treatment as they pass through a modern medical curriculum.Design: Cohort design.Setting: University of Glasgow Medical School, United Kingdom.Subjects: A cohort of students entering Glasgow University’s new learner centred, integrated medical curriculum in October 1996.Methods: Students’ responses before and after year 1, after year 3, and after year 5 to the assisted suicide vignette of the Ethics in Health Care Survey instrument, were examined quantitatively (...)
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  22. Penney Lewis & Isra Black (2013). Adherence to the Request Criterion in Jurisdictions Where Assisted Dying Is Lawful? A Review of the Criteria and Evidence in the Netherlands, Belgium, Oregon, and Switzerland. Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 41 (4):885-898.
    Some form of assisted dying (voluntary euthanasia and/or assisted suicide) is lawful in the Netherlands, Belgium, Oregon, and Switzerland. In order to be lawful in these jurisdictions, a valid request must precede the provision of assistance to die. Non-adherence to the criteria for valid requests for assisted dying may be a trigger for civil and/or criminal liability, as well as disciplinary sanctions where the assistor is a medical professional. In this article, we review the criteria and evidence in respect (...)
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  23. Mahesh Ananth (2010). The Scientific Study of Consciousness: Searle’s Radical Request. Psyche 16 (2):59-89.
    John Searle offers what he thinks to be a reasonable scientific approach to the understanding of consciousness. I argue that Searle is demanding nothing less than a Kuhnian-type revolution with respect to how scientists should study consciousness given his rejection of the subject-object distinction and affirmation of mental causation. As part of my analysis, I reveal that Searle embraces a version of emergentism that is in tension, not only with his own account, but also with some of the theoretical tenets (...)
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  24.  48
    Peter Milne (2012). Indicative Conditionals, Conditional Probabilities, and the “Defective Truth-Table”: A Request for More Experiments. Thinking and Reasoning 18 (2):196 - 224.
    While there is now considerable experimental evidence that, on the one hand, participants assign to the indicative conditional as probability the conditional probability of consequent given antecedent and, on the other, they assign to the indicative conditional the ?defective truth-table? in which a conditional with false antecedent is deemed neither true nor false, these findings do not in themselves establish which multi-premise inferences involving conditionals participants endorse. A natural extension of the truth-table semantics pronounces as valid numerous inference patterns that (...)
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  25.  52
    E. C. Winkler, W. Hiddemann & G. Marckmann (2012). Evaluating a Patient's Request for Life-Prolonging Treatment: An Ethical Framework. Journal of Medical Ethics 38 (11):647-651.
    Contrary to the widespread concern about over-treatment at the end of life, today, patient preferences for palliative care at the end of life are frequently respected. However, ethically challenging situations in the current healthcare climate are, instead, situations in which a competent patient requests active treatment with the goal of life-prolongation while the physician suggests best supportive care only. The argument of futility has often been used to justify unilateral decisions made by physicians to withhold or withdraw life-sustaining treatment. However, (...)
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  26.  50
    Diana Buccafurni (2007). Kelly's Request for Breast Augmentation. Teaching Ethics 7 (2):101-103.
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  27.  29
    Chris Gastmans & Yvonne Denier (2010). What If Patients with Dementia Use Decision Aids to Make an Advance Euthanasia Request? American Journal of Bioethics 10 (4):25 – 26.
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  28. Sheila Otto (2007). Memento... Life Imitates Art: The Request for an Ethics Consultation. Journal of Clinical Ethics 18 (3):247.
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  29. Neera K. Badhwar, (Not for Citations. Published Copy Available on Request.).
    1.1 Are commercial societies unfriendly to friendship? Many critics of commercial societies, from both the left and the right, have thought so. They claim that the free-market system of property rights, freedom of contract, and other liberty rights – the “negative” right of individuals to peacefully pursue their own ends – is impersonal and dehumanizing, or even inherently divisive and adversarial. Yet (their complaint goes) the psychology and morality of markets and liberty rights pervade far too many relationships in a (...)
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  30.  3
    J. T. H. Connor (2016). Seeing Through Medical Ethics: A Request for Professional Transparency and Accountability. Ethics and Education 11 (1):104-116.
    This essay is a critique of medical/clinical ethics from the personal perspective of a medical historian in an academic health science centre who has interacted with ethicists. It calls for greater transparency and accountability of ethicists involved in ‘bedside consulting;’ it questions the wisdom of the four principles of biomedical ethics and their American cultural origins with respect to training; challenges the authority of ‘core competencies’ for ethicists as identified by the American Society for Bioethics and Humanities; and muses over (...)
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  31.  49
    Thomas F. Morris (2014). Why Socrates Does Not Request Exile in the Apology. Heythrop Journal 55 (1):73-85.
  32.  14
    Carson Strong (2007). Case Commentary: Parental Request for Life-Prolonging Interventions. HEC Forum 19 (4):377-380.
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  33.  37
    Alan Rolle (2011). Why Doesn't Aristotle Accept My Facebook Friendship Request? Philosophy Now 82:35-35.
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  34.  10
    Protocol Specification (1995). Network Working Group B. Callaghan Request for Comments: 1813 B. Pawlowski Category: Informational P. Staubach Sun Microsystems, Inc. June 1995. [REVIEW] Philosophy 8:1-7.
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  35.  17
    Ruchika Mishra (2014). The Case: A Son’s Request to Forgo Treatment. Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 23 (1):108-109.
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  36.  36
    Susan R. Martyn, Richard Wright & Leo Clark (1988). Required Request for Organ Donation: Moral, Clinical, and Legal Problems. Hastings Center Report 18 (2):27-34.
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  37.  9
    Kenneth A. Strike (1992). An Educator Responds: A School's Interest in Denying the Request. Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 2 (1):19-23.
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  38.  11
    Joseph L. Barbiero (1990). Request for Help. The Chesterton Review 16 (2):115-115.
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  39.  4
    Marc Aguert & Virginie Laval (2013). Request Complexity is No More a Problem When the Requests Are Ironic. Pragmatics and Cognition 21 (2):329-339.
    Although the topic has been extensively studied, many issues about understanding of indirect requests in children are still unsolved. Our contribution is to distinguish genuine and ironic hints, focusing on the latter. We examined the understanding of ironic hints and ironic imperatives in 5- to 9-year-old children and in adults, in various situational contexts. The main result of this study was that ironic hints were more difficult to understand than ironic imperatives only when the context was neutral. When the context (...)
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  40. Alison Tonge Foip (forthcoming). Liberals Release FOIP Request for 'Tobacco-Gate'investigation-January 9. Ethics.
     
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  41.  4
    Leonard Darwin (1931). Biology and Eugenics: Being a Request to Certain Professional Biologists. The Eugenics Review 23 (1):21.
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  42.  4
    Paul Saffo (1995). An Odd Request. The Chesterton Review 21 (4):545-545.
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  43.  6
    A. J. Wootton (1981). The Management of Grantings and Rejections by Parents in Request Sequences. Semiotica 37 (1-2).
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  44.  1
    Thomas O'Loughlin (2016). Theologies of Intercommunion: Responding to a Recent Papal Request. New Blackfriars 97 (1069):372-387.
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  45.  10
    Bernard Heilicser (1999). Should a Bioethics Consultant Assume the Care of a Patient When the Attending Physician Refuses to Honor the Request of the Patient's Surrogate, Who Recommends That Life-Sustaining Treatment Be Withdrawn? HEC Forum 11 (3):277-278.
  46.  3
    Jeffrey Meyers (1990). Request for Help. The Chesterton Review 16 (2):114-114.
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  47.  3
    Manuela Toporowska (1990). Request for Help. The Chesterton Review 16 (2):125-125.
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  48.  2
    Adam M. Peña (2015). Depression, Capacity, and a Request to Discontinue Life-Sustaining Treatment. American Journal of Bioethics 15 (7):70-71.
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  49. J. Alegria, W. Badecker, M. Bar-Hillel, D. Bekerian, E. Bisiach, P. Bloom, K. Bock, G. Boolos, V. Bruce & B. Byrne (1990). Each Year@ Ogn&~ N is Obliged to Request the Help of a Certain Number of Guest Reviewers Who Assist in the Assessment of Manuscripts. Without Their Cooperation the Journal Would Not Be Able to Maintain its High Standards. We Are Happy to Be Able to Thank the Following People for Their Help in Refereeing Manuscripts During 1989. Cognition 35:101.
     
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  50.  11
    Sidney Strauss & Margalit Ziv (2001). Children Request Teaching When Asking for Names of Objects. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 24 (6):1118-1119.
    We propose that in addition to children's requests for word names being a reflection of an understanding of the referential nature of words, they may also be requests for adult's teaching. These possible requests for teaching among toddlers, along with other indications, suggest that teaching may be a natural cognition that may be related to the development of theory of mind.
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