Search results for 'resource competition' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Eckart Voland & R. I. M. Dunbar (1995). Resource Competition and Reproduction. Human Nature 6 (1):33-49.score: 90.0
    A family reconstitution study of the Krummhörn population (Ostfriesland, Germany, 1720–1874) reveals that infant mortality and children’s probabilities of marrying or emigrating unmarried are affected by the number of living same-sexed sibs in farmers’ families but not in the families of landless laborers. We interpret these results in terms of a “local resource competition” model in which resource-holding families are obliged to manipulate the reproductive future of their offspring. In contrast, families that lack resources have no need (...)
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  2. Christopher H. Eliot (2011). Competition Theory and Channeling Explanation. Philosophy and Theory in Biology 3 (20130604):1-16.score: 54.0
    The complexity and heterogeneity of causes influencing ecology’s domain challenge its capacity to generate a general theory without exceptions, raising the question of whether ecology is capable, even in principle, of achieving the sort of theoretical success enjoyed by physics. Weber has argued that competition theory built around the Competitive Exclusion Principle (especially Tilman’s resource-competition model) offers an example of ecology identifying a law-like causal regularity. However, I suggest that as Weber presents it, the CEP is not (...)
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  3. I. Walker (1984). The Volterra Competition Equations with Resource - Independent Growth Coefficients and Discussion on Their Biological and Biophysical Implications. Acta Biotheoretica 33 (4).score: 48.0
    Analysis of the biophysical conditions for a correct application of the Volterra Competition Equations with resource-independent coefficients reveals the following:The traditional, mathematical formalism with the two equations representing two straight lines at the condition of zero growth applies.
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  4. Martin L. Cody (1983). Resources and Communities Resource Competition and Community Structure David Tilman. Bioscience 33 (11):723-724.score: 45.0
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  5. Geoff Kushnick (2010). Resource Competition and Reproduction in Karo Batak Villages. Human Nature 21 (1):62-81.score: 45.0
    When wealth is heritable, parents may manipulate family size to optimize the trade-off between more relatively poor offspring and fewer relatively rich ones, and channel less care into offspring that compete with siblings. These hypotheses were tested with quantitative ethnographic data collected among the Karo Batak—patrilineal agriculturalists from North Sumatra, Indonesia, among whom land is bequeathed equally to sons. It was predicted that landholding would moderate the relationship between reproductive rate and parental investment on one hand, and the number of (...)
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  6. Stacey L. Rucas, Michael Gurven, Hillard Kaplan & Jeffrey Winking (2010). The Social Strategy Game. Human Nature 21 (1):1-18.score: 45.0
    This paper examines social determinants of resource competition among Tsimane Amerindian women of Bolivia. We introduce a semi-anonymous experiment (the Social Strategy Game) designed to simulate resource competition among women. Information concerning dyadic social relationships and demographic data were collected to identify variables influencing resource competition intensity, as measured by the number of beads one woman took from another. Relationship variables are used to test how the affiliative or competitive aspects of dyads affect the (...)
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  7. Val H. Smith (forthcoming). Resource Competition Between Host and Pathogen. Bioscience.score: 45.0
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  8. Beverly I. Strassmann & Wendy M. Garrard (2011). Alternatives to the Grandmother Hypothesis. Human Nature 22 (1-2):201-222.score: 45.0
    We conducted a meta-analysis of 17 studies that tested for an association between grandparental survival and grandchild survival in patrilineal populations. Using two different methodologies, we found that the survival of the maternal grandmother and grandfather, but not the paternal grandmother and grandfather, was associated with decreased grandoffspring mortality. These results are consistent with the findings of psychological studies in developed countries (Coall and Hertwig Behavioral and Brain Sciences 33:1-59, 2010). When tested against the predictions of five hypotheses (confidence of (...)
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  9. Suzanne Boyden, Dan Binkley & José Luiz Stape (2008). Competition Among Eucalyptus Trees Depends on Genetic Variation and Resource Supply. In Carolyn Merchant (ed.), Ecology. Humanity Books. 2850-2859.score: 36.0
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  10. Diane M. Beck Paige E. Scalf, Ana Torralbo, Evelina Tapia (2013). Competition Explains Limited Attention and Perceptual Resources: Implications for Perceptual Load and Dilution Theories. Frontiers in Psychology 4.score: 36.0
    Both perceptual load theory and dilution theory purport to explain when and why task-irrelevant information, or so-called distractors are processed. Central to both explanations is the notion of limited resources, although the theories differ in the precise way in which those limitations affect distractor processing. We have recently proposed a neurally plausible explanation of limited resources in which neural competition among stimuli hinders their representation in the brain. This view of limited capacity can also explain distractor processing, whereby the (...)
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  11. J. Michael Plavcan (2012). Sexual Size Dimorphism, Canine Dimorphism, and Male-Male Competition in Primates. Human Nature 23 (1):45-67.score: 30.0
    Sexual size dimorphism is generally associated with sexual selection via agonistic male competition in nonhuman primates. These primate models play an important role in understanding the origins and evolution of human behavior. Human size dimorphism is often hypothesized to be associated with high rates of male violence and polygyny. This raises the question of whether human dimorphism and patterns of male violence are inherited from a common ancestor with chimpanzees or are uniquely derived. Here I review patterns of, and (...)
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  12. D. V. Meegan (2009). Zero-Sum Bias: Perceived Competition Despite Unlimited Resources. Frontiers in Psychology 1:191-191.score: 30.0
    Zero-sum bias describes intuitively judging a situation to be zero-sum (i.e., resources gained by one party are matched by corresponding losses to another party) when it is actually non-zero-sum. The experimental participants were students at a university where students’ grades are determined by how the quality of their work compares to a predetermined standard of quality rather than to the quality of the work produced by other students. This creates a non-zero-sum situation in which high grades are an unlimited (...). In three experiments, participants were shown the grade distribution after a majority of the students in a course had completed an assigned presentation, and asked to predict the grade of the next presenter. When many high grades had already been given, there was a corresponding increase in low grade predictions. This suggests a zero-sum bias, in which people perceive a competition for a limited resource despite unlimited resource availability. Interestingly, when many low grades had already been given, there was not a corresponding increase in high grade predictions. This suggests that a zero-sum heuristic is only applied in response to the allocation of desirable resources. A plausible explanation for the findings is that a zero-sum heuristic evolved as a cognitive adaptation to enable successful intra-group competition for limited resources. Implications for understanding inter-group interaction are also discussed. (shrink)
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  13. Yu-Chiang Hu & Chia-Ching Fatima Wang (2009). Collectivism, Corporate Social Responsibility, and Resource Advantages in Retailing. Journal of Business Ethics 86 (1):1 - 13.score: 27.0
    Is corporate social responsibility (CSR) linked to performance-related instrumentality or real moral concerns? Does CSR create resource advantages? Reasons for and results of CSR remain unclear. We choose a leading retail company in a Confucian, collectivist, and high power distance society and ask whether managers are naturally oriented toward societal actions. We study managerial perceptions regarding the importance and the performance of CSR in relation to other management factors. Drawing on Hunt’s (2000, A General Theory of Competition: Resources, (...)
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  14. Judith Avrahami, Werner Güth & Yaakov Kareev (2005). Games of Competition in a Stochastic Environment. Theory and Decision 59 (4):255-294.score: 27.0
    The paper presents a set of games of competition between two or three players in which reward is jointly determined by a stochastic biased mechanism and players’ choices. More specifically, a resource can be found with unequal probabilities in one of two locations. The first agent is rewarded only if it finds the resource and avoids being found by the next agent in line; the latter is rewarded only if it finds the former. Five benchmarks, based on (...)
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  15. Steven B. Most Lingling Wang, Briana L. Kennedy (2012). When Emotion Blinds: A Spatiotemporal Competition Account of Emotion-Induced Blindness. Frontiers in Psychology 3.score: 27.0
    Emotional visual scenes are such powerful attractors of attention that they can disrupt perception of other stimuli that appear soon afterwards, an effect known as emotion-induced blindness. What mechanisms underlie this impact of emotion on perception? Evidence suggests that emotion-induced blindness may be distinguishable from closely related phenomena such as the orienting of spatial attention to emotional stimuli or the central resource bottlenecks commonly associated with the attentional blink. Instead, we suggest that emotion-induced blindness reflects relatively early competition (...)
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  16. Dietrich Klusmann (2006). Sperm Competition and Female Procurement of Male Resources. Human Nature 17 (3):283-300.score: 25.0
    This study investigates changes in sexual motivation over the duration of a partnership in a population sample stratified by age. The results replicate and extend the findings of a previous study that was based on a sample of college students. In the samples of 30- and 45-year-olds, male sexual motivation remains constant regardless of the duration of the partnership. Female sexual motivation matches male sexual motivation in the first years of the partnership and then steadily decreases. In the sample of (...)
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  17. Manuel Castelo Branco & Lúcia Lima Rodrigues (2006). Corporate Social Responsibility and Resource-Based Perspectives. Journal of Business Ethics 69 (2):111 - 132.score: 21.0
    Firms engage in corporate social responsibility (CSR) because they consider that some kind of competitive advantage accrues to them. We contend that resource-based perspectives (RBP) are useful to understand why firms engage in CSR activities and disclosure. From a resource-based perspective CSR is seen as providing internal or external benefits, or both. Investments in socially responsible activities may have internal benefits by helping a firm to develop new resources and capabilities which are related namely to know-how and corporate (...)
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  18. Thomas R. Alley (1982). Competition Theory, Evolution, and the Concept of an Ecological Niche. Acta Biotheoretica 31 (3).score: 21.0
    This article examines some of the main tenets of competition theory in light of the theory of evolution and the concept of an ecological niche. The principle of competitive exclusion and the related assumption that communities exist at competitive equilibrium - fundamental parts of many competition theories and models - may be violated if non-equilibrium conditions exist in natural communities or are incorporated into competition models. Furthermore, these two basic tenets of competition theory are not compatible (...)
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  19. Darryl Reed (2002). Resource Extraction Industries in Developing Countries. Journal of Business Ethics 39 (3):199 - 226.score: 21.0
    Over the last one hundred and fifty years, the extraction and processing of non-renewable resources has provided the basis for the three industrial revolutions that have led to the modern economies of the developed world. In the process, the nature of resource extraction firms has also changed dramatically, from small-scale operations exploiting easily accessible deposits to large, vertically integrated, capital intensive transnational corporations characterized by oligopolistic competition. In the last ten to fifteen years, coinciding with processes of economic (...)
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  20. I. Walker (1993). Competition and Information. Acta Biotheoretica 41 (3).score: 21.0
    Reconsideration of the logistic equation and of its expansion to the special and general Volterra competition equations in terms of mass/energy in phase-space, shows that information on the phase-spatial conditions of resource and consumers determines specific population parameters which, in turn, decide on coexistence and extinction.Thus, introduction ofInformation as a separate and independent biophysical parameter, in analogy, and in addition, to Force in Classical Physics, is necessary. This allows for quantification of informational effects on resource flows and (...)
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  21. Yehoshua Liebermann (1985). Competition in Consumption as Viewed by Jewish Law. Journal of Business Ethics 4 (5):385 - 393.score: 21.0
    Competition is the most basic force traditionally regarded by Western economists as governing both society's resources allocation and income distribution. No wonder, then, that many legal systems have been concerned with various aspects of competitive activity, and formulated laws and rulings to keep market behavior within limits of ethical conduct. Jewish law has not been an exception. The focus of this paper is on competition in consumption. Its underlying assumption is that lawmakers' decisions approximate optimality in resource (...)
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  22. Gordon Liu & Wai-Wai Ko (2011). Social Alliance and Employee Voluntary Activities: A Resource-Based Perspective. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 104 (2):251-268.score: 21.0
    The corporate social responsibility literature devotes relatively little attention to the strategic role played by employee voluntary activities (EVAs) in social alliances. Using the resource-based perspective of the organization to frame the data collection and the analyses, this article investigates: (1) the role of EVAs in the development of corporate and non-profit organizations (NPOs) competitive assets and (2) the management approaches to how both parties can develop their own resources by combining them with the shared resources with the purpose (...)
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  23. I. Walker (1987). Compartmentalization and Niche Differentiation: Causal Patterns of Competition and Coexistence. Acta Biotheoretica 36 (4).score: 21.0
    The current major models of coexistence of species on the same resources are briefly summarized. It is then shown that analysis of supposedly competitive systems in terms of the physical four dimensions of phase-space is sufficient to understand the causes for coexistence and for competitive exclusion. Thus, the multiple dimensions of niche theory are reduced to factors which define the magnitudes of the phase-spatial system, in particular the boundaries of population spaces and of periods of activity. Excluding possible cooperative interaction (...)
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  24. Lars Witting (2000). Interference Competition Set Limits to the Fundamental Theorem of Natural Selection. Acta Biotheoretica 48 (2).score: 21.0
    The relationship between Fisher's fundamental theorem of natural selection and the ecological environment of density regulation is examined. Using a linear model, it is shown that the theorem holds when density regulation is caused by exploitative competition and that the theorem fails with interference competition. In the latter case the theorem holds only at the limit of zero population density and/or at the limit where the competitively superior individuals cannot monopolise the resource. The results are discussed in (...)
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  25. Cam Caldwell, Do X. Truong, Pham T. Link & Anh Tuan (2011). Strategic Human Resource Management as Ethical Stewardship. Journal of Business Ethics 98 (1):171 - 182.score: 21.0
    The research about strategic human resource management (SHRM) has suggested that human resource professionals (HRPs) have the opportunity to play a greater role in contributing to organizational success if they are effective in developing systems and policies aligned with the organization's values, goals, and mission. We suggest that HRPs need to raise the standard of their performance and that the competitive demands of the modern economic environment create implicit ethical duties that HRPs owe to their organizations. We define (...)
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  26. David C. Thomasma, Kenneth C. Micetich, John Brems & David van Thiel (1999). The Ethics of Competition in Liver Transplantation. Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 8 (03):321-329.score: 21.0
    The behavior of people in the presence of scarce resources has long been a source of ethical concern and debate. Many of the responses, ranging from outright brutality and cheating on the one hand to altruism, nobility, and sacrifice on the other, were most recently demonstrated in the movie Titanic. It should come as no surprise, then, that rational efforts to allocate the very scarce life-saving resource of organs are sometimes circumvented by these natural human impulses and sheer human (...)
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  27. Jasmine M. DeJesus, Marjorie Rhodes & Katherine D. Kinzler (2014). Evaluations Versus Expectations: Children's Divergent Beliefs About Resource Distribution. Cognitive Science 38 (1):178-193.score: 21.0
    Past research reveals a tension between children's preferences for egalitarianism and ingroup favoritism when distributing resources to others. Here we investigate how children's evaluations and expectations of others' behaviors compare. Four- to 10-year-old children viewed events where individuals from two different groups distributed resources to their own group, to the other group, or equally across groups. Groups were described within a context of intergroup competition over scarce resources. In the Evaluation condition, children were asked to evaluate which resource (...)
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  28. David W. Lawson & Ruth Mace (2010). Optimizing Modern Family Size. Human Nature 21 (1):39-61.score: 21.0
    Modern industrialized populations lack the strong positive correlations between wealth and reproductive success that characterize most traditional societies. While modernization has brought about substantial increases in personal wealth, fertility in many developed countries has plummeted to the lowest levels in recorded human history. These phenomena contradict evolutionary and economic models of the family that assume increasing wealth reduces resource competition between offspring, favoring high fertility norms. Here, we review the hypothesis that cultural modernization may in fact establish unusually (...)
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  29. Rui F. Oliveira, Gonçalo A. Oliveira, Sara Uceda, Tania F. De Oliveira, Alexandre Fernandes & Teresa Garcia-Marques (2013). Threat Perception and Familiarity Moderate the Androgen Response to Competition in Women. Frontiers in Psychology 4.score: 21.0
    Social interactions elicit androgen responses whose function has been posited to be the adjustment of androgen dependent behaviors to social context. The activation of this androgen response is known to be mediated and moderated by psychological factors. In this study we tested the hypothesis that the testosterone (T) changes after a competition are not simply related to its outcome, but rather to the way the subject evaluates the event. In particular we tested two evaluative dimensions of a social interaction: (...)
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  30. Judith Avrahami & Yaakov Kareev (2009). Do the Weak Stand a Chance? Distribution of Resources in a Competitive Environment. Cognitive Science 33 (5):940-950.score: 20.0
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  31. S. Heim, N. Wirth & A. Keil (2010). Competition for Cognitive Resources During Rapid Serial Processing: Changes Across Childhood. Frontiers in Psychology 2:9-9.score: 19.0
    The ability to direct cognitive resources to target objects despite distraction by competing information plays an important role for the development of mental aptitudes and skills. We examined developmental changes of this ability in a cross-sectional design, using the “attentional blink” (AB) paradigm. The AB is a pronounced impairment of T2 report, which occurs when a first (T1) and second target (T2) embedded in a rapid stimulus sequence are separated by at least one distractor and occur within 500 ms of (...)
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  32. Robert C. Padgett & Jose I. Galan (2010). The Effect of R&D Intensity on Corporate Social Responsibility. Journal of Business Ethics 93 (3):407 - 418.score: 18.0
    This study examines the impact that research and development (R&D) intensity has on corporate social responsibility (CSR). We base our research on the resource-based view (RBV) theory, which contributes to our analysis of R&D intensity and CSR because this perspective explicitly recognizes the importance of intangible resources. Both R&D and CSR activities can create assets that provide firms with competitive advantage. Furthermore, the employment of such activities can improve the welfare of the community and satisfy stakeholder expectations, which might (...)
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  33. Gregory Cooper (1993). The Competition Controversy in Community Ecology. Biology and Philosophy 8 (4):359-384.score: 18.0
    There is a long history of controversy in ecology over the role of competition in determining patterns of distribution and abundance, and over the significance of the mathematical modeling of competitive interactions. This paper examines the controversy. Three kinds of considerations have been involved at one time or another during the history of this debate. There has been dispute about the kinds of regularities ecologists can expect to find, about the significance of evolutionary considerations for ecological inquiry, and about (...)
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  34. Taru Vuontisjärvi (2006). Corporate Social Reporting in the European Context and Human Resource Disclosures: An Analysis of Finnish Companies. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 69 (4):331 - 354.score: 18.0
    This paper explores by means of content analysis the extent to which the Finnish biggest companies have adapted socially responsible reporting practices. The research focuses on Human Resource (HR) reporting and covers corporate annual reports. The criteria has been set on the basis of the analysis of the documents published at the European level in the context of corporate social responsibility (CSR), paying special attention to the European Council appeal on CSR in March 2000. As CSR is a relatively (...)
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  35. Craig Blinderman (2009). Palliative Care, Public Health and Justice: Setting Priorities in Resource Poor Countries. Developing World Bioethics 9 (3):105-110.score: 18.0
    Many countries have not considered palliative care a public health problem. With limited resources, disease-oriented therapies and prevention measures take priority. In this paper, I intend to describe the moral framework for considering palliative care as a public health priority in resource-poor countries. A distributive theory of justice for health care should consider integrative palliative care as morally required as it contributes to improving normal functioning and preserving opportunities for the individual. For patients requiring terminal care , we are (...)
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  36. Shaomeng Li (2011). Cooperation, Competition, and Democracy. Frontiers of Philosophy in China 6 (2):273-283.score: 18.0
    Rawlsian framework is based on a cooperation model, which takes a democratic society as a cooperation system. Such a conception of democracy not only obscures the distinction between democracy and despotism, but also makes it hard to argue for the superiority of democracy over despotism. This article develops a different model, the competition model, to explain the historical development towards democracy and to justify democracy as a social order superior to despotism. The article argues that once we adopt the (...)
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  37. Michel Ferrary (2009). A Stakeholder's Perspective on Human Resource Management. Journal of Business Ethics 87 (1):31 - 43.score: 18.0
    In order to understand the system wherein human resource management practices are determined by the interactions of a complex system of actors, it is necessary to have a conceptual framework of analysis. In this respect, the works of scholars (Mitroff, 1983, Stakeholders of the Organizational Mind, Jessey-Bass; Freeman, 1984, Strategic Management: A Stakeholder Approach, Pitman) concerning stakeholder theory opened new perspectives in management theory. An organisation is understood as being part of a politico-economic system of stakeholders who interact and (...)
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  38. Dorothy Foote (2001). The Question of Ethical Hypocrisy in Human Resource Management in the U.K. And Irish Charity Sectors. Journal of Business Ethics 34 (1):25 - 38.score: 18.0
    Whilst there is a growing volume of literature exploring the ethical implications of organisational change for HRM and the ethical aspects of certain HRM activities, there have been few published U.K. studies of how HR managers actually behave when faced with ethical dilemmas in their work. This paper seeks to enhance the foundations of such knowledge through an examination of the influence of organisational values on the ethical behaviour of Human Resource Managers within a sample of charities in the (...)
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  39. Melissa S. Anderson, Emily A. Ronning, Raymond De Vries & Brian C. Martinson (2007). The Perverse Effects of Competition on Scientists' Work and Relationships. Science and Engineering Ethics 13 (4):437-461.score: 18.0
    Competition among scientists for funding, positions and prestige, among other things, is often seen as a salutary driving force in U.S. science. Its effects on scientists, their work and their relationships are seldom considered. Focus-group discussions with 51 mid- and early-career scientists, on which this study is based, reveal a dark side of competition in science. According to these scientists, competition contributes to strategic game-playing in science, a decline in free and open sharing of information and methods, (...)
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  40. Mark Jago, Rule-Based and Resource-Bounded: A New Look at Epistemic Logic.score: 18.0
    Syntactic logics do not suffer from the problems of logical omniscience but are often thought to lack interesting properties relating to epistemic notions. By focusing on the case of rule-based agents, I develop a framework for modelling resource-bounded agents and show that the resulting models have a number of interesting properties.
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  41. David A. Lertzman & Harrie Vredenburg (2005). Indigenous Peoples, Resource Extraction and Sustainable Development: An Ethical Approach. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 56 (3):239 - 254.score: 18.0
    Resource extraction companies worldwide are involved with Indigenous peoples. Historically these interactions have been antagonistic, yet there is a growing public expectation for improved ethical performance of resource industries to engage with Indigenous peoples. (Crawley and Sinclair, Journal of Business Ethics 45, 361–373 (2003)) proposed an ethical model for human resource practices with Indigenous peoples in Australian mining companies. This paper expands on this work by re-framing the discussion within the context of sustainable development, extending it to (...)
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  42. Christian Arnsperger & Philippe De Villé (2004). Can Competition Ever Be Fair? Challenging the Standard Prejudice. Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 7 (4):433 - 451.score: 18.0
    In this paper, we challenge the usual argument which says that competition is a fair mechanism because it ranks individuals according to their relative preferences between effort and leisure. This argument, we claim, is very insufficient as a justification of fairness in competition, and we show that it does not stand up to scrutiny once various dynamic aspects of competition are taken into account. Once the sequential unfolding of competition is taken into account, competition turns (...)
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  43. Fernando Martín-Alcázar, Pedro M. Romero-Fernández & Gonzalo Sánchez-Gardey (2012). Transforming Human Resource Management Systems to Cope with Diversity. Journal of Business Ethics 107 (4):511-531.score: 18.0
    The purpose of this study is to examine how workgroup diversity can be managed through specific strategic human resource management systems. Our review shows that ‘affirmative action’ and traditional ‘diversity management’ approaches have failed to simultaneously achieve business and social justice outcomes of diversity. As previous literature has shown, the benefits of diversity cannot be achieved with isolated interventions. To the contrary, a complete organizational culture change is required, in order to promote appreciation of individual differences. The paper contributes (...)
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  44. Alain Verbeke & Vincent Tung (2013). The Future of Stakeholder Management Theory: A Temporal Perspective. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 112 (3):529-543.score: 18.0
    We propose adding a temporal dimension to stakeholder management theory, and assess the implications thereof for firm-level competitive advantage. We argue that a firm’s competitive advantage fundamentally depends on its capacity for stakeholder management related, transformational adaptation over time. Our new temporal stakeholder management approach builds upon insights from both the resource-based view (RBV) in strategic management and institutional theory. Stakeholder agendas and their relative salience to the firm evolve over time, a phenomenon well understood in the literature, and (...)
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  45. Claudia Wild (2005). Ethics of Resource Allocation: Instruments for Rational Decision Making in Support of a Sustainable Health Care. Poiesis and Praxis 3 (4):296-309.score: 18.0
    Objective: In all western countries health care budgets are under considerable constraint and therefore a reflection process has started on how to gain the most health benefit for the population within limited resource boundaries. The field of ethics of resource allocation has evolved only recently in order to bring some objectivity and rationality in the discussion. In this article it is argued that priority setting is the prerequisite of ethical resource allocation and that for purposes of operationalization, (...)
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  46. Harrie Vredenburg (2011). Multinational Oil Companies and the Adoption of Sustainable Development: A Resource-Based and Institutional Theory Interpretation of Adoption Heterogeneity. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 98 (1):39-65.score: 18.0
    Sustainable development is often framed as a social issue to which corporations should pay attention because it offers both opportunities and challenges. Through the use of institutional theory and the resource-based view of the firm, we shed some light on why, more than 20 years after sustainable development was first introduced, we see neither the adoption of this business model as dominant nor its converse, that is the total abandonment of the model as unworkable and unprofitable. We focus on (...)
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  47. Geoffrey G. Bell & Bruno Dyck (2011). Conventional Resource-Based Theory and its Radical Alternative: A Less Materialist-Individualist Approach to Strategy. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 99 (S1):121-130.score: 18.0
    Management scholars, practitioners, and policy makers alike have sought to develop a deeper understanding of recent business crises—including corporate scandals, the collapse of financial institutions, and deep recession—in order to prevent their recurrence. Among the “culprits” that have been identified is Conventional management theory based upon a moral-point-of-view founded on assumptions of materialism and individualism. There have been calls to move beyond the dominant profit maximization paradigm and think about other, potentially more compelling, corporate objectives (Hamel, 2009 ). In this (...)
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  48. Ran Zhang, Jigao Zhu, Heng Yue & Chunyan Zhu (2010). Corporate Philanthropic Giving, Advertising Intensity, and Industry Competition Level. Journal of Business Ethics 94 (1):39 - 52.score: 18.0
    This article examines whether the likelihood and amount of firm charitable giving in response to catastrophic events are related to firm advertising intensity, and whether industry competition level moderates this relationship. Using data on Chinese firms’ philanthropic response to the 2008 Sichuan earthquake, we find that firm advertising intensity is positively associated with both the probability and the amount of corporate giving. The results also indicate that this positive advertising intensity-philanthropic giving relationship is stronger in competitive industries, and firms (...)
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  49. Knut J. Ims & Ove D. Jakobsen (2006). Cooperation and Competition in the Context of Organic and Mechanic Worldviews – a Theoretical and Case Based Discussion. Journal of Business Ethics 66 (1):19 - 32.score: 18.0
    In this study we argue that there is an interconnection between; the mechanistic worldview and competition, and the organic worldview and cooperation. To illustrate our main thesis we introduce two cases; first, Max Havelaar, a paradigmatic case of how business might function in an economy based upon solidarity and sustainability. Second, TINE, a Norwegian grocery corporation engaged in collusion in order to force a small competitor out of the market. On the one hand, in order to encourage market (...)
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  50. Wim Dubbink & Frans Paul van der Putten (2008). Is Competition Law an Impediment to Csr? Journal of Business Ethics 83 (3):381 - 395.score: 18.0
    This paper provides an empirical case study of the relationship between corporate social responsibility (CSR) and the new competition regulation in the Netherlands. The leading question in this case study is whether the new institutional arrangement has allowed for the possibility that reasonable exceptions can be made to the principle that inter-firm cooperation is prohibited. That is to say: does the new institutional arrangement allow for the possibility of 'well organized but not 'perfect' markets'? The investigation focuses on the (...)
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