Search results for 'role property' (try it on Scholar)

1000+ found
Order:
  1.  19
    Douglas Keaton (2010). Two Kinds of Role Property. Philosophia 38 (4):773-788.
    The realization relation is commonly explicated via, or identified with, the causal role playing relation. However, the realization relation does not formally match the causal role playing relation. While realization is a relation between a base realizer property and a single higher level realized property, I argue that the causal role playing relation as typically defined is a relation between a base property and two higher-level role properties. Advocates of using causal role (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  2.  13
    E. Putterman (1999). The Role of Public Opinion in Rousseau's Conception of Property. History of Political Thought 20 (3):417-437.
    For many readers, Rousseau's views on property represent the most ambiguous and contradictory aspect of an already undeveloped economic theory. In this paper, I re-examine this popular criticism from the standpoint of the philosopher's well-known critique of public opinion to argue that property is a more consistent and systematically articulated concept in Rousseau's writings than may appear. I argue that opinion, rather than private property, poses the greatest danger to self-made law and that the narrowness and peculiarity (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   1 citation  
  3.  9
    Thomas W. Hazlett (1998). The Dual Role of Property Rights in Protecting Broadcast Speech. Social Philosophy and Policy 15 (2):176.
    The connection between property rights and free-speech rights has most often surfaced in conflicts between the two. In his classic formulation of the problem, journalist A. J. Liebling mocked the First Amendment's free-press clause by noting that ownership of a printing press was required in order to actually enjoy the constitutional protection. In an important case decided in 1980, Pruneyard Shopping Center v. Robins, the U.S. Supreme Court ruled that a group wishing to circulate political petitions at a shopping (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  4.  32
    Michael Pauen (2000). Painless Pain: Property Dualism and the Causal Role of Phenomenal Consciousness. American Philosophical Quarterly 37 (1):51-64.
  5.  1
    Christopher Peacocke (2001). The Property-Identity Link and its Role in Understanding. In Christoph Hoerl & Teresa McCormack (eds.), Time and Memory: Issues in Philosophy and Psychology. Oxford University Press 1--339.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  6. Steven Hetcher (1995). A Normative Interpretation of the Role of Custom in Property Easement Law. In Christoph J. Nyíri (ed.), Tradition: Proceedings of an International Research Workshop at Ifk, Vienna, 10-12 June 1994. Internationales Forschungszentrum Kulturwissenschaften
    No categories
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  7. Pietro Morasso (2007). The Crucial Role of Haptic Perception: Consciousness as the Emergent Property of the Interaction Between Brain Body and Environment. In Antonio Chella & Riccardo Manzotti (eds.), Artificial Consciousness. Imprint Academic 234-255.
  8. Dipankar Saha & Darryl Macer (2005). Bioethics in Property Rights and Biosafety of Biotech-Governance: Role of Behaviourome Mapping. Eubios Journal of Asian and International Bioethics 15 (3):76-82.
    In understanding the implicative resonance of biotech applications research and development, it is necessary to apply the intricate consonance of bioethics studies like behaviourome studies in the form of mental mapping in diverse groups of society for trying to resolve moral issues such as IPR or biosafety. Social perception analysis being the subjective domain of bioethics and related biotechnological issues are the functional epitome in ensuring benevolent biotechnological entrepreneurship development. In this pursuit studies of social genomics can ascertain the positive (...)
    No categories
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  9.  37
    Andrew Alexandra (2002). Academic Personality and the Commodification of Academic Texts. Ethics and Information Technology 4 (4):279-286.
    This paper explores the nature of, and justification for, copyright in academic texts in the light of recent developments in information technology, in particular the growth of electronic publication on the internet. Copyright, like other forms of property, is best thought of as a cluster of rights. A distinction is drawn within this cluster between first order `control rights' and higher order `commodity rights'. It is argued that copyright in academic texts is founded on its role as a (...)
    Direct download (12 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  10.  49
    Simon Deakin, David Gindis, Geoffrey M. Hodgson, Kainan Huang & Katharina Pistor (forthcoming). Legal Institutionalism: Capitalism and the Constitutive Role of Law. Journal of Comparative Economics.
    Social scientists have paid insufficient attention to the role of law in constituting the economic institutions of capitalism. Part of this neglect emanates from inadequate conceptions of the nature of law itself. Spontaneous conceptions of law and property rights that downplay the role of the state are criticized here, because they typically assume relatively small numbers of agents and underplay the complexity and uncertainty in developed capitalist systems. In developed capitalist economies, law is sustained through interaction between (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  11. Ralph Wedgwood (2001). Conceptual Role Semantics for Moral Terms. Philosophical Review 110 (1):1-30.
    This paper outlines a new approach to the task of giving an account of the meaning of moral statements: a sort of "conceptual role semantics", according to which the meaning of moral terms is given by their role in practical reasoning. This role is sufficient both to distinguish the meaning of any moral term from that of other terms, and to determine the property or relation (if any) that the term stands for. The paper ends by (...)
    Direct download (10 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   20 citations  
  12.  19
    Simon Deakin, David Gindis, Geoffrey M. Hodgson, Kainan Huang & Katharina Pistor (forthcoming). Legal Institutionalism: Capitalism and the Constitutive Role of Law. Journal of Comparative Economics.
    Social scientists have paid insufficient attention to the role of law in constituting the economic institutions of capitalism. Part of this neglect emanates from inadequate conceptions of the nature of law itself. Spontaneous conceptions of law and property rights that downplay the role of the state are criticized here, because they typically assume relatively small numbers of agents and underplay the complexity and uncertainty in developed capitalist systems. In developed capitalist economies, law is sustained through interaction between (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  13. D. B. Resnik (2003). A Pluralistic Account of Intellectual Property. Journal of Business Ethics 46 (4):319 - 335.
    This essay reviews six different approaches to intellectual property. It and argues that none of these accounts provide an adequate justification of intellectual property laws and policies because (1) there are many different types of intellectual property, and (2) a variety of incommensurable values play a role in the justification of intellectual property. The best approach to intellectual property is to assess and balance competing moral values in light of the particular facts and circumstances.
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   10 citations  
  14.  40
    Bryan Cwik (2014). Labor as the Basis for Intellectual Property Rights. Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 17 (4):681-695.
    In debates about the moral foundations of intellectual property, one very popular strand concerns the role of labor as a moral basis for intellectual property rights. This idea has a great deal of intuitive plausibility; but is there a way to make it philosophically precise? That is, does labor provide strong reasons to grant intellectual property rights to intellectual laborers? In this paper, I argue that the answer to that question is “yes”. I offer a new (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   2 citations  
  15.  44
    Andrew Chitty (2013). Recognition and Property in Hegel and the Early Marx. Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 16 (4):685-697.
    This article attempts to show, first, that for Hegel the role of property is to enable persons both to objectify their freedom and to properly express their recognition of each other as free, and second, that the Marx of 1844 uses fundamentally similar ideas in his exposition of communist society. For him the role of ‘true property’ is to enable individuals both to objectify their essential human powers and their individuality, and to express their recognition of (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   1 citation  
  16. Christopher Bertram, Justice and Property: On the Institutional Thesis Concerning Property.
    The institutional theory of property is that view that property rights are entirely and essentially conventional and are the creatures of states and coercively backed legal systems. In this paper, I argue that, although states and legal systems have a valuable role in defining property rights, the institutional story is not the whole story. Rather, the property rights hat we have reason to recognize as part of justice are partly conventional in character and partly rooted (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  17.  7
    Antonis C. Stylianou, Susan Winter, Yuan Niu, Robert A. Giacalone & Matt Campbell (2013). Understanding the Behavioral Intention to Report Unethical Information Technology Practices: The Role of Machiavellianism, Gender, and Computer Expertise. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 117 (2):333-343.
    Although organizations can derive competitive advantage from developing and implementing information systems, they are confronted with a rising number of unethical information practices. Because end-users and computer experts are the conduit to an ethical organizational environment, their intention to report unethical IT-related practices plays a critical role in protecting intellectual property and privacy rights. Using the survey methodology, this article investigates the relationship between willingness to report intellectual property and privacy violations and Machiavellianism, gender and computer literacy (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   1 citation  
  18.  19
    John Alan Lehman (2006). Intellectual Property Rights and Chinese Tradition Section: Philosophical Foundations. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 69 (1):1 - 9.
    Western attempts to obtain Chinese compliance with intellectual property rights have a long history of failure. Most discussions of the problem focus on either legal comparisons or explanations arising from levels of economic development (based primarily on the example of U.S. disregard for such rights during the 18th and 19th centuries). After decades of heated negotiation, intellectual property rights is still one of the major issues of misunderstanding between the West and the various Chinese political entities. This paper (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   3 citations  
  19.  12
    Bert Schroer (2012). Causality and Dispersion Relations and the Role of the S-Matrix in the Ongoing Research. Foundations of Physics 42 (12):1481-1522.
    The adaptation of the Kramers-Kronig dispersion relations to the causal localization structure of QFT led to an important project in particle physics, the only one with a successful closure. The same cannot be said about the subsequent attempts to formulate particle physics as a pure S-matrix project.The feasibility of a pure S-matrix approach are critically analyzed and their serious shortcomings are highlighted. Whereas the conceptual/mathematical demands of renormalized perturbation theory are modest and misunderstandings could easily be corrected, the correct understanding (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   1 citation  
  20.  24
    David James (2011). Fichte's Social and Political Philosophy: Property and Virtue. Cambridge University Press.
    Machine generated contents note: 1. Fichte's theory of property; 2. Applying the concept of right: Fichte and Babeuf; 3. Fichte's reappraisal of Kant's theory of cosmopolitan right; 4. The relation of right to morality in Fichte's Jena theory of the state and society; 5. The role of virtue in the Addresses to the German Nation.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   1 citation  
  21.  1
    Professor Robert H. Prince (2006). Teaching Engineering Ethics Using Role-Playing in a Culturally Diverse Student Group. Science and Engineering Ethics 12 (2):321-326.
    The use of role-playing (“active learning”) as a teaching tool has been reported in areas as diverse as social psychology, history and analytical chemistry. Its use as a tool in the teaching of engineering ethics and professionalism is also not new, but the approach develops new perspectives when used in a college class of exceptionally wide cultural diversity. York University is a large urban university (40,000 undergraduates) that draws its enrolment primarily from the Greater Toronto Area, arguably one of (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   1 citation  
  22. Cory D. Wright (2005). On the Functionalization of Pluralist Approaches to Truth. Synthese 145 (1):1-28.
    Traditional inflationary approaches that specify the nature of truth are attractive in certain ways; yet, while many of these theories successfully explain why propositions in certain domains of discourse are true, they fail to adequately specify the nature of truth because they run up against counterexamples when attempting to generalize across all domains. One popular consequence is skepticism about the efficaciousness of inflationary approaches altogether. Yet, by recognizing that the failure to explain the truth of disparate propositions often stems from (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   6 citations  
  23. Charles T. Wolfe (2014). Sensibility as Vital Force or as Property of Matter in Mid-Eighteenth-Century Debates. In Henry Martyn Lloyd (ed.), The Discourse of Sensibility: The Knowing Body in the Enlightenment. Springer 147-170.
    Sensibility, in any of its myriad realms – moral, physical, aesthetic, medical and so on – seems to be a paramount case of a higher-level, intentional property, not a basic property. Diderot famously made the bold and attributive move of postulating that matter itself senses, or that sensibility (perhaps better translated ‘sensitivity’ here) is a general or universal property of matter, even if he at times took a step back from this claim and called it a “supposition.” (...)
    Translate
      Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  24.  69
    Paweł Grabarczyk (2016). Concepts as Soft Detectors - On the Role Concepts Play in Perception. New Ideas in Psychology 40:86-93.
    The idea that concepts play a significant role in some perceptions is widespread but everybody seems to differ as to where to draw the line. Some researchers say that the difference between direct and indirect, concept driven acts of perception manifests itself whenever we perceive abstract or general properties. Others point at second order properties or causal properties. I call this inability to precisely differentiate between acts of direct and indirect perception “The Division Problem”. Furthermore there is always a (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  25.  23
    Jamie Morgan (2016). Power, Property, the Law, and the Corporation – a Commentary on David Ellerman's Paper: 'The Labour Theory of Property and Marginal Productivity Theory'. Economic Thought 5 (1):37.
    The point of departure of David Ellerman's paper is that the role of labour in economics can be looked at in a fundamentally different way than has typically been the case. The paper's purpose is, therefore, oppositional. However, it cannot simply be dismissed. It is clearly articulated, well reasoned, and most importantly, thought provoking. It requires one to rethink how one conceives some basic issues in economics. As such, one does not need to be entirely convinced by the argument (...)
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  26.  14
    Petr Cintula & Carles Noguera (2013). The Proof by Cases Property and its Variants in Structural Consequence Relations. Studia Logica 101 (4):713-747.
    This paper is a contribution to the study of the rôle of disjunction inAlgebraic Logic. Several kinds of (generalized) disjunctions, usually defined using a suitable variant of the proof by cases property, were introduced and extensively studied in the literature mainly in the context of finitary logics. The goals of this paper are to extend these results to all logics, to systematize the multitude of notions of disjunction (both those already considered in the literature and those introduced in this (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   3 citations  
  27. Ronald P. Endicott (2007). Nomic-Role Nonreductionism: Identifying Properties by Total Nomic Roles. Philosophical Topics 35 (1&2):217-240.
    Inspired by recent theories of embodied cognition that emphasize matters of a mind's engineering realization, I introduce "nomic-role nonreductionism" as an alternative to traditional causal-role functionalism in the philosophy of mind. Rather than identify mental properties by a theory that describes their intra-level causal roles via types of inputs, internal states, and outputs, I suggest that one identify mental properties by a more comprehensive theory that also describes inter-level realization roles via types of lower-level engineering, internal mental states, (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   2 citations  
  28.  48
    Alex Rosenberg (2004). On the Priority of Intellectual Property Rights, Especially in Biotechnology. Politics, Philosophy and Economics 3 (1):77-95.
    This article argues that considerations about the role and predictability of intellectual innovation make the protection of intellectual property morally obligatory even when it greatly reduces short-term welfare. Since the provision of good new ideas is the only productive input not subject to decreasing marginal productivity, welfarist considerations require that no impediment to its maximal provision be erected and the potentially substantial welfare losses imposed by a patent system be mitigated by taxation of other sources of wealth and (...)
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   4 citations  
  29.  29
    Francesco Ferretti & Erica Cosentino (2013). Time, Language and Flexibility of the Mind: The Role of Mental Time Travel in Linguistic Comprehension and Production. Philosophical Psychology 26 (1):24-46.
    According to Chomsky, creativity is a critical property of human language, particularly the aspect of ?the creative use of language? concerning the appropriateness to a situation. How language can be creative but appropriate to a situation is an unsolvable mystery from the Chomskyan point of view. We propose that language appropriateness can be explained by considering the role of the human capacity for Mental Time Travel at its foundation, together with social and ecological intelligences within a triadic language-grounding (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   1 citation  
  30.  37
    Anastasia Giannakidou & Lisa Cheng (2006). (In)Definiteness, Polarity, and the Role of Wh-Morphology in Free Choice. Journal of Semantics 23 (2):135-183.
    In this paper we reconsider the issue of free choice and the role of the wh-morphology employed in it. We show that the property of being an interrogative wh-word alone is not sufficient for free choice, and that semantic and sometimes even morphological definiteness is a pre-requisite for some free choice items (FCIs) in certain languages, e.g. in Greek and Mandarin Chinese. We propose a theory that explains the polarity behaviour of FCIs cross-linguistically, and allows indefinite (Giannakidou 2001) (...)
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   3 citations  
  31.  17
    Alain Chateauneuf, Robert Kast & André Lapied (2001). Conditioning Capacities and Choquet Integrals: The Role of Comonotony. Theory and Decision 51 (2/4):367-386.
    Choquet integrals and capacities play a crucial role in modern decision theory. Comonotony is a central concept for these theories because the main property of a Choquet integral is its additivity for comonotone functions. We consider a Choquet integral representation of preferences showing uncertainty aversion (pessimism) and propose axioms on time consistency which yield a candidate for conditional Choquet integrals. An other axiom characterizes the role of comonotony in the use of information. We obtain two conditioning rules (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   4 citations  
  32.  1
    Tarik Kochi (forthcoming). Conflicting Lineages of International Law: Cicero, Hugo Grotius and Adam Smith on Global Property Relations. Jurisprudence:1-30.
    This essay presents an interpretation of the juridical thought of Cicero, Hugo Grotius and Adam Smith. Focussing upon questions of property, capital accumulation and violence, the essay traces a tension within their writings between a social ethic of human fellowship and compassion, and, a theory of the utility of ‘unsocial’ commercial self-interest. This tension forms a key problem for the tradition of liberal international law. For Grotius and Smith one response to this tension is to attempt to reign in (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  33. D. B. Resnik (2003). A Pluralistic Account of Intellectual Property. Journal of Business Ethics 46 (4):319-335.
    This essay reviews six different approaches to intellectual property. It and argues that none of these accounts provide an adequate justification of intellectual property laws and policies because there are many different types of intellectual property, and a variety of incommensurable values play a role in the justification of intellectual property. The best approach to intellectual property is to assess and balance competing moral values in light of the particular facts and circumstances.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   3 citations  
  34.  70
    Richard A. Epstein (2005). One Step Beyond Nozick's Minimal State: The Role of Forced Exchanges in Political Theory. Social Philosophy and Policy 22 (1):286-313.
    In Anarchy, State, and Utopia, Robert Nozick seeks to demonstrate that principles of justice in acquisition and transfer can be applied to justify the minimal state, and no state greater than the minimal state. That approach fails to acknowledge the critical role that forced exchanges play in overcoming a range of public goods and coordination problems. These ends are accomplished by taking property for which the owner is compensated in cash or in kind in an amount that leaves (...)
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  35.  28
    Don Fallis (2007). Toward an Epistemology of Intellectual Property. Journal of Information Ethics 16 (2):34-51.
    An important issue for information ethics is how much control people should have over the dissemination of information that they have created. Since intellectual property policies have an impact on our welfare primarily because they have a huge impact on our ability to acquire knowledge, there is an important role for epistemology in resolving this issue. This paper discusses the various ways in which intellectual property policies can impact knowledge acquisition both positively and negatively. In particular, it (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   1 citation  
  36.  6
    Joost Zwarts & Peter Gärdenfors (2016). Locative and Directional Prepositions in Conceptual Spaces: The Role of Polar Convexity. Journal of Logic, Language and Information 25 (1):109-138.
    We approach the semantics of prepositions from the perspective of conceptual spaces. Focusing on purely spatial locative and directional prepositions, we analyze both types of prepositions in terms of polar coordinates instead of Cartesian coordinates. This makes it possible to demonstrate that the property of convexity holds quite generally in the domain of prepositions of location and direction, supporting the important role that this property plays in conceptual spaces.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  37.  5
    Florence E. McCarthy (1990). The Role of Foreign Assistance and Commercial Interests in the Exploitation of the Sundarbans. Agriculture and Human Values 7 (2):52-60.
    This paper analyzes resource utilization of the Sundarbans in terms of the contradictory issues and pressures generated by foreign assistance and commercial interests in Bangladesh. In the paper, the historical legacy of resource definition and use that shaped the development of forest policy under the British is considered. In addition, the critical role of the state and the interests and pressures on the Government are explored as these shape the larger context in which current natural resource policy is generated (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   3 citations  
  38.  15
    Sven Ove Hansson (2002). The Rôle of Language in Belief Revision. Studia Logica 70 (1):5 - 21.
    Analytical tools that give precision to the concept of "independence of syntax" are developed in the form of a series of substitutivity principles. These principles are applied in a study of the rôle of language in belief revision theory. It is shown that sets of sentences can be used in models of belief revision to convey more information than what is conveyed by the combined propositional contents of the respective sets. It is argued that it would be unwise to programmatically (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   2 citations  
  39.  18
    Robert H. Prince (2006). Teaching Engineering Ethics Using Role-Playing in a Culturally Diverse Student Group. Science and Engineering Ethics 12 (2):321-326.
    The use of role-playing (“active learning”) as a teaching tool has been reported in areas as diverse as social psychology, history and analytical chemistry. Its use as a tool in the teaching of engineering ethics and professionalism is also not new, but the approach develops new perspectives when used in a college class of exceptionally wide cultural diversity. York University is a large urban university (40,000 undergraduates) that draws its enrolment primarily from the Greater Toronto Area, arguably one of (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   1 citation  
  40.  8
    Richard A. Epstein (1994). On the Optimal Mix of Private and Common Property. Social Philosophy and Policy 11 (2):17-41.
    A broad range of intellectual perspectives may be brought to bear on any important social institution. To this general rule, the institution of private property is no exception. The desirability of private property has been endlessly debated across the disciplines: philosophical, historical, economic, and legal. Yet there is very little consensus over its proper social role and limitations. Is it possible to find a unique solution to questions of property and private ownership, good for all resources (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   1 citation  
  41.  21
    Lin Foxhall (1989). Household, Gender and Property in Classical Athens. Classical Quarterly 39 (01):22-.
    The idea that the household was the fundamental building block of ancient Greek society, explicit in the ancient sources, has now become widely accepted. It is no exaggeration to say that ancient Athenians would have found it almost inconceivable that individuals of any status existed who did not belong to some household; and the few who were in this position were almost certainly regarded as anomalous. In ancient Athens, as elsewhere, households ‘are a primary arena for the expression of age (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   1 citation  
  42.  36
    Joseph Persky (2010). Rawls's Thin (Millean) Defense of Private Property. Utilitas 22 (2):134-147.
    This article suggests that Rawls's break with early utilitarians is not so much over the greatest happiness principle as it is over the relation of the institution of private property to justice. In this respect Rawls is very close to John Stuart Mill, arguing for a cleansed or tamed version of the institution. That said, Rawls's defense of private property remains very thin and highly idealized, again following Mill. If Hume and Bentham fail to demonstrate their claims, Rawls (...)
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  43.  11
    Kazutaka Inamura (2011). The Role of Reciprocity in Aristotle's Theory of Political Economy. History of Political Thought 32 (4):565-687.
    This paper argues that what Aristotle has in mind as the criterion for estimating the value of products in Nicomachean Ethics V.5 is neither the Marxian concept of 'human labour' nor Polanyi's concept of 'status', but the benefit of a recipient, and maintains that Aristotle here does not analyse the mechanism of a market economy, but addresses the problem of how to build reciprocal relationships among citizens through the exchange of goods. Furthermore, unlike Nussbaum's capability approach, which draws attention to (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  44.  7
    James L. Wescoat Jr (1990). Common Law, Common Property, and Common Enemy: Notes on the Political Geography of Water Resources Management for the Sundarbans Area of Bangladesh. [REVIEW] Agriculture and Human Values 7 (2):73-87.
    Water has a dual role in the Sundarbans area of southwestern Bangladesh. Hydrologic processes are vital to the ecological functioning and cultural identity of the mangrove ecosystem. But at the same time, large scale water development creates external forces that threaten the Sundarbans environment. Water is managed to a limited degree as a common property resource, both in the Sundarbans and in larger regions. It is also managed as private property, a public good, a state-controlled resource, an (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   1 citation  
  45.  10
    Lena Halldenius (2014). Mary Wollstonecraft's Feminist Critique of Property: On Becoming a Thief From Principle. Hypatia 29 (4):942-957.
    The scholarship on Mary Wollstonecraft is divided concerning her views on women's role in public life, property rights, and distribution of wealth. Her critique of inequality of wealth is undisputed, but is it a complaint only of inequality or does it strike more forcefully at the institution of property? The argument in this article is that Wollstonecraft's feminism is partly defined by a radical critique of property, intertwined with her conception of rights. Dissociating herself from the (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  46.  14
    Corey Brettschneider (2012). Public Justification and the Right to Private Property: Welfare Rights as Compensation for Exclusion. Law and Ethics of Human Rights 6 (1):119-146.
    The right to private property is among the most fundamental in liberal theory. For many liberals the idea of the state is grounded in its role as a protector of private property. If the liberal state is justified by its ability to protect property, the modern welfare state is often justified by its ability to meet needs. According to a view commonly referred to as “welfarism,” the very fact that needs exist implies there is a moral (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  47.  35
    Theodoros Papaioannou (2006). Towards a Critique of the Moral Foundations of Intellectual Property Rights. Journal of Global Ethics 2 (1):67 – 90.
    Research in recent history has neglected to address the moral foundations of particular kinds of public policy such as the protection of intellectual property rights (IPRs). On the one hand, nation-states have enforced a tightening of the IPR system. On the other, only recently have national government and international institutions recognised that the moral justification for stronger IPRs protection is far from being plausible and cannot be taken for granted. In this article, IPRs are examined as individual rights founded (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  48.  11
    Janet Coleman (2005). Pre-Modern Property and Self-Ownership Before and After Locke Or, When Did Common Decency Become a Private Rather Than a Public Virtue? European Journal of Political Theory 4 (2):125-145.
    Self-ownership is a central concept not only in Anglo-American liberal/libertarian discourse but also in Marxism. This article investigates what it means to say that a person has fundamental entitlement to full property in himself. It looks at possible moments when pre-modern concepts of the self became modern ones, examining Locke’s Second Treatise and his Essay Concerning Human Understanding. The aim is to focus on continuities and discontinuities in the transition from pre-modern to modern concepts and practices of identity and (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  49. Ran Lahav & N. Shanks (1992). How to Be a Scientifically Respectable 'Property Dualist'. Journal of Mind and Behavior 13 (3):211-32.
    We argue that the so-called "property-dualist" theory of consciousness is consistent both with current neurobiological data and with modern theories of physics. The hypothesis that phenomenal properties are global properties that are irreducible to microphysical properties, whose role is to integrate information across large portions of the brain, is consistent with current neurobiological knowledge. These properties can exercise their integration function through action on microscopic structures in the neuron without violating the laws of quantum mechanics. Although we offer (...)
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   1 citation  
  50.  4
    Cristian Timmermann & Henk van den Belt (2012). Climate Change, Intellectual Property Rights and Global Justice. In Thomas Potthast & Simon Meisch (eds.), Climate Change and Sustainable Development: Ethical Perspectives on Land Use and Food Production. Wageningen Academic Publishers 75-79.
    International negotiations on anthropogenic climate change are far from running smoothly. Opinions are deeply divided on what are the respective responsibilities of developed and developing countries with regard to the reduction of greenhouse gas emissions and the alleviation of the negative effects of global warming. A major bone of contention concerns the role of intellectual property rights (especially patents) in the development and diffusion of climate-friendly technologies. While developing countries consider IPRs as a formidable barrier to the rapid (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
1 — 50 / 1000