Search results for 'scarcity' (try it on Scholar)

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  1.  66
    Luca Ferrero (2015). Agency, Scarcity, and Mortality. Journal of Ethics 19 (3):349-378.
    It is often argued, most recently by Samuel Scheffler, that we should reconcile with our mortality as constitutive of our existence: as essential to its temporal structure, to the nature of deliberation, and to our basic motivations and values. Against this reconciliatory strategy, I argue that there is a kind of immortal existence that is coherently conceivable and potentially desirable. First, I argue against the claim that our existence has a temporal structure with a trajectory that necessarily culminates in an (...)
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  2. Danny Frederick (2011). Scarcity and Saving Lives. The Reasoner 5 (6):89-90.
    I argue that, because of scarcity, the right to life cannot imply an obligation on others to save the life of the right-holder, and that collectivising resources for health care not only ensures that resources are used inefficiently and inappropriately but also removes from people the authority to make decisions for themselves about matters of health, life and death.
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  3.  20
    David Faraci (2014). Do Property Rights Presuppose Scarcity? Journal of Business Ethics 125 (3):531-537.
    There is a common view, dating back at least to Hume, that property rights presuppose scarcity. This paper is a critical examination of that thesis. In addition to questioning the thesis, the paper highlights the need to divorce the debate over this thesis from the debate over Intellectual Property (IP) rights (the area where it is most frequently applied). I begin by laying out the thesis’ major line of defense. In brief, the argument is that (1) property rights are (...)
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  4.  3
    Yvonne Denier (2008). Mind the Gap! Three Approaches to Scarcity in Health Care. Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 11 (1):73-87.
    This paper addresses two ways in which scarcity in health care turns up and three ways in which this dual condition of scarcity can be approached. The first approach is the economic approach, which focuses on the causes of cost-increase in health care and on developing various mechanisms of rationing and priority-setting in health care. The second approach is the justice approach, which interprets scarcity as one of the Humean ‹Circumstances of Justice.’ Whereas these approaches interpret (...) as a given fact, the third approach casts doubt on this interpretation. Rather, it interprets scarcity as a social, anthropological, and technologically induced construction of Modernity. This paper supports the theories of Hans Achterhuis, Ivan Illich, and Nicholas Xenos but also further elaborates their views with regard to health care by offering an approach to scarcity that interprets it as an economic translation of finitude. I argue that this approach, which entails a contemporary revaluation of the ancient Socratic attitude on human life and finitude, will be better able to deal with the pressing contemporary issues of setting limits on health care because it mitigates contemporary health care’s tendency toward infinity in meeting – and creating – health care needs. (shrink)
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  5.  25
    Allen Andrew A. Alvarez (2007). Threshold Considerations in Fair Allocation of Health Resources: Justice Beyond Scarcity. Bioethics 21 (8):426–438.
  6.  5
    Bryan Stanley Turner & Alex Dumas (2013). Vulnerability, Diversity and Scarcity: On Universal Rights. Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 16 (4):663-670.
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  7. S. A. Hurst, S. Reiter-Theil, A.-M. Slowther, R. Pegoraro, R. Forde & M. Danis (2008). Should Ethics Consultants Help Clinicians Face Scarcity in Their Practice? Journal of Medical Ethics 34 (4):241-246.
    In an international survey of rationing we have found that European physicians encounter scarcity-related ethical difficulties, and are dissatified with the resolution of many of these cases. Here we further examine survey results to explore whether ethics support services would be potentially useful in addressing scarcity related ethical dilemmas. Results indicate that while the type of help offered by ethics support services was considered helpful by physicians, they rarely referred difficulties regarding scarcity to ethics consultation. We propose (...)
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  8.  36
    Michael J. Monahan (2008). Sartre's Critique of Dialectical Reason and the Inevitability of Violence: Human Freedom in the Milieu of Scarcity. Sartre Studies International 14 (2):48-70.
    In his Critique of Dialectical Reason , Sartre argues that it is the milieu of scarcity that generates human conflict. His account of scarcity is rather ambiguous however, and at points he seems to claim that conflict is inevitable given the context of scarcity. In this article I provide a brief account of Sartre's position, and offer a critical evaluation of that position. Finally, I argue that Sartre's claims regarding the necessity of conflict are excessive, and that (...)
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  9.  16
    Andreas R. Köhler (2013). Material Scarcity: A Reason for Responsibility in Technology Development and Product Design. [REVIEW] Science and Engineering Ethics 19 (3):1165-1179.
    There are warning signs for impending scarcity of certain technology metals that play a critical role in high-tech products. The scarce elements are indispensable for the design of modern technologies with superior performance. Material scarcity can restrain future innovations and presents therefore a serious risk that must be counteracted. However, the risk is often underrated in the pursuit of technological progress. Many innovators seem to be inattentive to the limitations in availability of critical resources and the possible implications (...)
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  10.  18
    S. Douglas (2014). The Argument for Property Rights in Body Parts: Scarcity of Resources. Journal of Medical Ethics 40 (1):23-26.
    This article attempts to answer two basic questions. First, can body parts be the subject of property rights? This requires us to start with a definition of property rights, and this is set out in the first section. In the second section, it will be argued that rights in relation to body parts can come within this definition of property rights. However, as explained in the third section, the fact that body parts can be the subject of property rights does (...)
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  11.  1
    Sophia Chatzisavvidou (2015). An Ēthos Against Scarcity: Sketching an Ethic of Care and Dike for Late Modernity. Ethics and the Environment 20 (2):24-47.
    How are we disposed to the problem of natural resources scarcity that we face today and to the fact that certain natural sources remain unused, whereas the exploitation of others puts further strain on the already degraded biosphere? The scarcity of natural resources not only imposes a series of ecological issues on us; it also challenges democracy as organizational system and way of life, because it increases inequality, conflict, authoritarianism, and repression. One way to address this predicament would (...)
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  12.  17
    C. Olweny (1994). Bioethics in Developing Countries: Ethics of Scarcity and Sacrifice. Journal of Medical Ethics 20 (3):169-174.
    Contemporary issues such as euthanasia, surrogate motherhood, organ transplantation and gene therapy, which occupy the minds of ethicists in the industrialized countries are, for the moment, irrelevant in most developing countries. There, the ethics of scarcity, sacrifice, cross-cultural research, as well as the activities of multinational companies, are germane. In this article, only the ethics of scarcity and sacrifice will be discussed. Structural adjustment programmes, designed to solve the economic problems of the developing countries, muddied the waters. The (...)
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  13.  12
    Costa Panayotakis (2005). Environmental Ethics and Capitalism's Dialetic of Scarcity. Environmental Ethics 27 (3):227-244.
    A non-productivist Marxism departing from the analysis of capitalism’s “dialectic of scarcity” can make a valuable contribution to the field of environmental ethics. On the one hand, the analysis of capitalism’s dialectic of scarcity shows that the ethical yardstick by which capitalism should be measured is immanent in this social system’s dynamic tendencies. On the other hand, this analysis exposes capitalism’s inability to fulfill the potential for an ecologically sustainable society without unnecessary human suffering that capitalism’s technological dynamism (...)
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  14.  11
    Robert W. Hoffert (1986). The Scarcity of Politics: Ophuls and Western Political Thought. Environmental Ethics 8 (1):5-32.
    William Ophuls has argued that the sources of and solutions for present scarcity conditions are to be found in Western political philosophy. I clarify various theoretical issues raised by Ophuls’ work and offer conceptual alternatives regarding some of the more basic issues. Specifically, I critique the Lockean and Hobbesian elements in Ophuls’ treatment of the role of liberal democracy, with special attention to abundance assumptions and Lockean individualism. I also argue that he fails to deal adequately with resource distribution (...)
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  15.  3
    B. Maxwell (2009). Just Compassion: Implications for the Ethics of the Scarcity Paradigm in Clinical Healthcare Provision. Journal of Medical Ethics 35 (4):219-223.
    Primary care givers commonly interpret shortages of time with patients as placing them between a rock and a hard place in respect of their professional obligations to fairly distribute available healthcare resources (justice) and to offer a quality of attentive care appropriate to patients’ states of personal vulnerability (compassion). The author argues that this a false and highly misleading conceptualisation of the basic structure of the ethical dilemma raised by the rationing of time in clinical settings. Drawing on an analysis (...)
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  16. Albino Barrera O. P. (2005). God and the Evil of Scarcity: Moral Foundations of Economic Agency. University of Notre Dame Press.
    In his celebrated_ Essay on Population_, Thomas Malthus raised the puzzle of why a benevolent Creator would permit material scarcity in human existence. Albino Barrera revisits this question using Thomas Aquinas’s metaphysics of participation and Sacred Scripture’s invitation to covenant fidelity and kingdom discipleship as analytical lenses with which to examine the seeming incongruity of scarcity in God’s providence. Barrera concludes that scarcity turns out to be a signal opportunity for economic agency to receive, internalize, and communicate (...)
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  17. Paul Dumouchel (2014). The Ambivalence of Scarcity and Other Essays. Michigan State University Press.
    First published in French in 1979, “The Ambivalence of Scarcity” was a groundbreaking work on mimetic theory. Now expanded upon with new, specially written, and never-before-published conference texts and essays, this revised edition explores René Girard’s philosophy in three sections: economy and economics, mimetic theory, and violence and politics in modern societies. The first section argues that though mimetic theory is in many ways critical of modern economic theory, this criticism can contribute to the enrichment of economic thinking. The (...)
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  18. Judith G. Oakley (2000). Gender-Based Barriers to Senior Management Positions: Understanding the Scarcity of Female CEOs. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 27 (4):321 - 334.
    Although the number of women in middle management has grown quite rapidly in the last two decades, the number of female CEOs in large corporations remains extremely low. This article examines many explanations for why women have not risen to the top, including lack of line experience, inadequate career opportunities, gender differences in linguistic styles and socialization, gender-based stereotypes, the old boy network at the top, and tokenism. Alternative explanations are also presented and analyzed, such as differences between female leadership (...)
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  19.  70
    Ferenc Fehér (1994). The Socialism of Scarcity. Thesis Eleven 37 (1):98-118.
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  20. Nicholas Xenos (1987). Liberalism and the Postulate of Scarcity. Political Theory 15 (2):225-243.
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  21.  12
    Gijs Van Donselaar (2009). The Right to Exploit: Parasitism, Scarcity, and Basic Income. OUP Usa.
    This book explores how traditional theories of economic justice, both from the libertarian right and the egalitarian left, have failed to appreciate the objection against exploitative behavior that would be possible through the exercise of property rights. This failure also underlies the recent plea for a so-called unconditional basic income.
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  22.  4
    S. A. Hurst, Stella Reiter-Theil, A. M. Slowther, R. Pegoraro, R. Forde & Marion Danis (2008). Should Ethics Consultants Help Clinicians Face Scarcity in Their Practice? Journal of Medical Ethics 34 (4):241-246.
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  23.  1
    Martin Beck Matuštík (2008). Radical Evil and the Scarcity of Hope: Postsecular Meditations. Indiana University Press.
    No one will deny that we live in a world where evil exists. But how are we to come to grips with human atrocity and its diabolical intensity? Martin Beck Matuštík considers evil to be even more radically evil than previously thought and to have become all too familiar in everyday life. While we can name various moral wrongs and specific cruelties, Matuštík maintains that radical evil understood as a religious phenomenon requires a religious response where the language of hope, (...)
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  24.  18
    J. J. M. van Delden (2004). Medical Decision Making in Scarcity Situations. Journal of Medical Ethics 30 (2):207-211.
    The issue of the allocation of resources in health care is here to stay. The goal of this study was to explore the views of physicians on several topics that have arisen in the debate on the allocation of scarce resources and to compare these with the views of policy makers. We asked physicians and policy makers to participate in an interview about their practices and opinions concerning factors playing a role in decision making for patients in different age groups. (...)
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  25.  81
    Govind C. Persad, Alan Wertheimer & Ezekiel J. Emanuel (2010). Standing by Our Principles: Meaningful Guidance, Moral Foundations, and Multi-Principle Methodology in Medical Scarcity. American Journal of Bioethics 10 (4):46 – 48.
  26.  5
    Peter Schuster (1996). How Does Complexity Arise in Evolution:Nature's Recipe for Mastering Scarcity, Abundance, and Unpredictability. Complexity 2 (1):22-30.
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  27.  5
    A. D'Adamo (2015). The People Beyond Mars: Using Robinson's Mars Trilogy to Understand Post-Scarcity. Thesis Eleven 131 (1):81-98.
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  28.  5
    Owen Flanagan & Jing Hu (2011). Han Fei Zi's Philosophical Psychology: Human Nature, Scarcity, and the Neo‐Darwinian Consensus. Journal of Chinese Philosophy 38 (2):293-316.
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  29.  15
    Charles B. Smith, Margaret P. Battin, Leslie P. Francis & Jay A. Jacobson (2007). Should Rapid Tests for Hiv Infection Now Be Mandatory During Pregnancy? Global Differences in Scarcity and a Dilemma of Technological Advance. Developing World Bioethics 7 (2):86–103.
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  30.  17
    Nancy Scheper‐Hughes (1985). Culture, Scarcity, and Maternal Thinking: Maternal Detachment and Infant Survival in a Brazilian Shantytown. Ethos: Journal of the Society for Psychological Anthropology 13 (4):291-317.
  31.  6
    Donald Barr (2006). Reinvesting in the Doctor-Patient Relationship in the Coming Era of Scarcity. American Journal of Bioethics 6 (1):33 – 34.
  32.  13
    Rutger Claassen (2009). 61 Scarcity. In Jan Peil & Irene van Staveren (eds.), Handbook of Economics and Ethics. Edward Elgar 470.
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  33.  47
    Nora K. Bell (1979). The Scarcity of Medical Resources: Are There Rights to Health Care? Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 4 (2):158-169.
  34.  2
    Janice M. Beyer (1982). Explaining an Unsurprising Demonstration: High Rejection Rates and Scarcity of Space. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 5 (2):202.
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  35.  2
    Mario R. Machado (2016). De Castro, Paolo, with Felice Adinolfi, Fabian Capitanio, Salvatore Di Falco and Angelo Di Mambro : The Politics of Land and Food Scarcity. Agriculture and Human Values 33 (1):229-230.
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  36.  4
    Allen Andrew A. Alvarez (2009). The Preintrinsic Value of Vital Needs and the Problem of Extreme Scarcity. Asian Bioethics Review 1 (3):198-217.
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  37.  4
    David Faraci (forthcoming). Erratum To: Do Property Rights Presuppose Scarcity? Journal of Business Ethics.
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  38.  14
    William Greider (2003). Beyond Scarcity. Business Ethics 17 (3):9-11.
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  39.  15
    Dr Friedrich Baerwald (1937). Scarcity Vs. Plenty. Thought: A Journal of Philosophy 12 (1):134-135.
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  40.  48
    John J. Stuhr (2010). Atrocities, Hope, and Activism: On and Beyond Radical Evil, Scarcity of Hope, and the Postsecular. Journal of Speculative Philosophy 23 (4):328-339.
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  41.  2
    William Greider (2003). Beyond Scarcity. Business Ethics: The Magazine of Corporate Responsibility 17 (3):9-11.
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  42.  7
    Dietmar Braun (1993). Biomedical Research in a Period of Scarcity: The United States and Great Britain. [REVIEW] Minerva 31 (3):268-290.
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  43.  5
    Andrew J. Douglas (2011). In a Milieu of Scarcity: Sartre and the Limits of Political Imagination. Contemporary Political Theory 10 (3):354.
  44.  37
    Jonathan Wolff (2010). Review of Gijs Van Donselaar, The Right to Exploit: Parasitism, Scarcity, Basic Income. [REVIEW] Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews 2010 (6).
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  45.  33
    Owen Flanagan & H. U. Jing (2011). Han Fei Zi's Philosophical Psychology: Human Nature, Scarcity, and the Neo-Darwinian Consensus. Journal of Chinese Philosophy 38 (2):293-316.
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  46.  47
    John Allett (2001). Bernard Shaw, the Doctor's Dilemma: Scarcity, Socialism, and the Sanctity of Life. [REVIEW] Journal of Value Inquiry 35 (2):227-245.
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  47.  43
    Joseph Almog (1991). The Plenitude of Structures and Scarcity of Possibilities. Journal of Philosophy 88 (11):620-622.
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  48.  6
    Bebe Loff & Mark Heywood (2002). Patents on Drugs: Manufacturing Scarcity or Advancing Health? Journal of Law, Medicine & Ethics 30 (4):621-631.
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  49.  18
    Aryeh Botwinick (1981). Politics in a World of Scarcity: Theories of Justice and Political Obligation. Journal of Social Philosophy 12 (3):7-15.
  50.  2
    Cyrus C. M. Mody (2014). Visions of Plenty in the Age of Scarcity. The European Legacy 19 (5):637-640.
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