Search results for 'scarcity' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Danny Frederick (2011). Scarcity and Saving Lives. The Reasoner 5 (6):89-90.score: 18.0
    I argue that, because of scarcity, the right to life cannot imply an obligation on others to save the life of the right-holder, and that collectivising resources for health care not only ensures that resources are used inefficiently and inappropriately but also removes from people the authority to make decisions for themselves about matters of health, life and death.
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  2. Yvonne Denier (2008). Mind the Gap! Three Approaches to Scarcity in Health Care. Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 11 (1):73-87.score: 18.0
    This paper addresses two ways in which scarcity in health care turns up and three ways in which this dual condition of scarcity can be approached. The first approach is the economic approach, which focuses on the causes of cost-increase in health care and on developing various mechanisms of rationing and priority-setting in health care. The second approach is the justice approach, which interprets scarcity as one of the Humean ‹Circumstances of Justice.’ Whereas these approaches interpret (...) as a given fact, the third approach casts doubt on this interpretation. Rather, it interprets scarcity as a social, anthropological, and technologically induced construction of Modernity. This paper supports the theories of Hans Achterhuis, Ivan Illich, and Nicholas Xenos but also further elaborates their views with regard to health care by offering an approach to scarcity that interprets it as an economic translation of finitude. I argue that this approach, which entails a contemporary revaluation of the ancient Socratic attitude on human life and finitude, will be better able to deal with the pressing contemporary issues of setting limits on health care because it mitigates contemporary health care’s tendency toward infinity in meeting – and creating – health care needs. (shrink)
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  3. Allen Andrew A. Alvarez (2007). Threshold Considerations in Fair Allocation of Health Resources: Justice Beyond Scarcity. Bioethics 21 (8):426–438.score: 15.0
  4. Bryan Stanley Turner & Alex Dumas (2013). Vulnerability, Diversity and Scarcity: On Universal Rights. Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 16 (4):663-670.score: 15.0
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  5. David Faraci (forthcoming). Do Property Rights Presuppose Scarcity? Journal of Business Ethics.score: 15.0
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  6. Michael J. Monahan (2008). Sartre's Critique of Dialectical Reason and the Inevitability of Violence: Human Freedom in the Milieu of Scarcity. Sartre Studies International 14 (2):48-70.score: 12.0
    In his Critique of Dialectical Reason , Sartre argues that it is the milieu of scarcity that generates human conflict. His account of scarcity is rather ambiguous however, and at points he seems to claim that conflict is inevitable given the context of scarcity. In this article I provide a brief account of Sartre's position, and offer a critical evaluation of that position. Finally, I argue that Sartre's claims regarding the necessity of conflict are excessive, and that (...)
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  7. Costa Panayotakis (2005). Environmental Ethics and Capitalism's Dialetic of Scarcity. Environmental Ethics 27 (3):227-244.score: 12.0
    A non-productivist Marxism departing from the analysis of capitalism’s “dialectic of scarcity” can make a valuable contribution to the field of environmental ethics. On the one hand, the analysis of capitalism’s dialectic of scarcity shows that the ethical yardstick by which capitalism should be measured is immanent in this social system’s dynamic tendencies. On the other hand, this analysis exposes capitalism’s inability to fulfill the potential for an ecologically sustainable society without unnecessary human suffering that capitalism’s technological dynamism (...)
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  8. Robert W. Hoffert (1986). The Scarcity of Politics: Ophuls and Western Political Thought. Environmental Ethics 8 (1):5-32.score: 12.0
    William Ophuls has argued that the sources of and solutions for present scarcity conditions are to be found in Western political philosophy. I clarify various theoretical issues raised by Ophuls’ work and offer conceptual alternatives regarding some of the more basic issues. Specifically, I critique the Lockean and Hobbesian elements in Ophuls’ treatment of the role of liberal democracy, with special attention to abundance assumptions and Lockean individualism. I also argue that he fails to deal adequately with resource distribution (...)
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  9. Andreas R. Köhler (2013). Material Scarcity: A Reason for Responsibility in Technology Development and Product Design. [REVIEW] Science and Engineering Ethics 19 (3):1165-1179.score: 12.0
    There are warning signs for impending scarcity of certain technology metals that play a critical role in high-tech products. The scarce elements are indispensable for the design of modern technologies with superior performance. Material scarcity can restrain future innovations and presents therefore a serious risk that must be counteracted. However, the risk is often underrated in the pursuit of technological progress. Many innovators seem to be inattentive to the limitations in availability of critical resources and the possible implications (...)
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  10. B. Maxwell (2009). Just Compassion: Implications for the Ethics of the Scarcity Paradigm in Clinical Healthcare Provision. Journal of Medical Ethics 35 (4):219-223.score: 12.0
    Primary care givers commonly interpret shortages of time with patients as placing them between a rock and a hard place in respect of their professional obligations to fairly distribute available healthcare resources (justice) and to offer a quality of attentive care appropriate to patients’ states of personal vulnerability (compassion). The author argues that this a false and highly misleading conceptualisation of the basic structure of the ethical dilemma raised by the rationing of time in clinical settings. Drawing on an analysis (...)
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  11. C. Olweny (1994). Bioethics in Developing Countries: Ethics of Scarcity and Sacrifice. Journal of Medical Ethics 20 (3):169-174.score: 12.0
    Contemporary issues such as euthanasia, surrogate motherhood, organ transplantation and gene therapy, which occupy the minds of ethicists in the industrialized countries are, for the moment, irrelevant in most developing countries. There, the ethics of scarcity, sacrifice, cross-cultural research, as well as the activities of multinational companies, are germane. In this article, only the ethics of scarcity and sacrifice will be discussed. Structural adjustment programmes, designed to solve the economic problems of the developing countries, muddied the waters. The (...)
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  12. Judith G. Oakley (2000). Gender-Based Barriers to Senior Management Positions: Understanding the Scarcity of Female CEOs. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 27 (4):321 - 334.score: 9.0
    Although the number of women in middle management has grown quite rapidly in the last two decades, the number of female CEOs in large corporations remains extremely low. This article examines many explanations for why women have not risen to the top, including lack of line experience, inadequate career opportunities, gender differences in linguistic styles and socialization, gender-based stereotypes, the old boy network at the top, and tokenism. Alternative explanations are also presented and analyzed, such as differences between female leadership (...)
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  13. Danny Frederick (2010). Why Universal Welfare Rights Are Impossible and What It Means. Politics, Philosophy and Economics 9 (4):428-445.score: 9.0
    Cranston argued that scarcity makes universal welfare rights impossible. After showing that this argument cannot be avoided by denying scarcity, I consider four challenges to the argument which accept the possibility of conflicts between the duties implied by rights. The first denies the agglomeration principle; the second embraces conflicts of duties; the third affirms the violability of all rights-based duties; and the fourth denies that duties to compensate are overriding. I argue that all four challenges to the (...) argument are unsuccessful. I then discuss Eddy’s recent challenge, which makes welfare rights context dependent, but I argue that this also fails because it makes rights unknowable. I conclude that the scarcity argument, restated in the light of the discussion, shows that universal welfare rights, as ordinarily understood, are impossible and I explain the philosophical and practical significance of this conclusion. (shrink)
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  14. Katherine Eddy (2006). Welfare Rights and Conflicts of Rights. Res Publica 12 (4):337-356.score: 9.0
    The fact that welfare rights – rights to food, shelter and medical care – will conflict with one another is often taken to be good reason to exclude welfare rights from the catalogue of genuine rights. Rather than respond to this objection by pointing out that all rights conflict, welfare rights proponents need to take the conflicts objection seriously. The existence of potentially conflicting and more weighty normative considerations counts against a claim’s status as a genuine right. To think otherwise (...)
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  15. John J. Stuhr (2010). Atrocities, Hope, and Activism: On and Beyond Radical Evil, Scarcity of Hope, and the Postsecular. Journal of Speculative Philosophy 23 (4):pp. 328-339.score: 9.0
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  16. Joseph Almog (1991). The Plenitude of Structures and Scarcity of Possibilities. Journal of Philosophy 88 (11):620-622.score: 9.0
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  17. John Allett (2001). Bernard Shaw, the Doctor's Dilemma: Scarcity, Socialism, and the Sanctity of Life. [REVIEW] Journal of Value Inquiry 35 (2):227-245.score: 9.0
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  18. Owen Flanagan & H. U. Jing (2011). Han Fei Zi's Philosophical Psychology: Human Nature, Scarcity, and the Neo-Darwinian Consensus. Journal of Chinese Philosophy 38 (2):293-316.score: 9.0
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  19. Jonathan Wolff (2010). Review of Gijs Van Donselaar, The Right to Exploit: Parasitism, Scarcity, Basic Income. [REVIEW] Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews 2010 (6).score: 9.0
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  20. Govind C. Persad, Alan Wertheimer & Ezekiel J. Emanuel (2010). Standing by Our Principles: Meaningful Guidance, Moral Foundations, and Multi-Principle Methodology in Medical Scarcity. American Journal of Bioethics 10 (4):46 – 48.score: 9.0
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  21. Robert E. Goodin (2001). Managing Scarcity: Toward a More Political Theory of Justice. Noûs 35 (s1):202 - 228.score: 9.0
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  22. Nicholas Xenos (1987). Liberalism and the Postulate of Scarcity. Political Theory 15 (2):225-243.score: 9.0
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  23. Aryeh Botwinick (1981). Politics in a World of Scarcity: Theories of Justice and Political Obligation. Journal of Social Philosophy 12 (3):7-15.score: 9.0
  24. Giorgio A. Ascoli & Kevin A. McCabe (2006). Scarcity Begets Addiction. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 29 (2):178-178.score: 9.0
    As prototypical incentive with biological meaning, food illustrates the distinction between money as tool and money as drug. However, consistent neuroscience results challenge this view of food as intrinsic value and opposite to drugs of abuse. The scarce availability over evolutionary time of both food and money may explain their similar drug-like non-satiability, suggesting an integrated mechanism for generalized reinforcers. (Published Online April 5 2006).
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  25. S. Douglas (2014). The Argument for Property Rights in Body Parts: Scarcity of Resources. Journal of Medical Ethics 40 (1):23-26.score: 9.0
  26. William Aiken (1979). Food First: Beyond the Myth of Scarcity. Environmental Ethics 1 (3):279-282.score: 9.0
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  27. Edmund Burke, Thoughts and Details on Scarcity.score: 9.0
  28. Adel Daoud (2007). (Quasi)Scarcity and Global Hunger: A Sociological Critique of the Scarcity Postulate with an Effort to Synthesis. Journal of Critical Realism 6 (2):199-225.score: 9.0
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  29. Frederick Ferré (1982). Ecology and the Politics of Scarcity: Prologue to a Political Theory of the Steady State. Environmental Ethics 4 (1):85-87.score: 9.0
  30. Ana Iltis (2004). Scarcity in Health Care: Assessing Approaches to Resource Allocation. [REVIEW] Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 7 (2):221-222.score: 9.0
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  31. Frederic L. Bender (1990). Scarcity and the Turn From Economics to Ecology. Social Epistemology 4 (1):93 – 113.score: 9.0
  32. Catherine Janssen, Joëlle Vanhamme, Adam Lindgreen & Cécile Lefebvre (2014). The Catch-22 of Responsible Luxury: Effects of Luxury Product Characteristics on Consumers' Perception of Fit with Corporate Social Responsibility. Journal of Business Ethics 119 (1):45-57.score: 9.0
    The notion of “responsible luxury” may appear as a contradiction in terms. This article investigates the influence of two defining characteristics of luxury products—scarcity and ephemerality—on consumers’ perception of the fit between luxury and corporate social responsibility (CSR), as well as how this perceived fit affects consumers’ attitudes toward luxury products. A field experiment reveals that ephemerality moderates the positive impact of scarcity on consumers’ perception of fit between luxury and CSR. When luxury products are enduring (e.g., jewelry), (...)
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  33. Peter Kanyandago (2000). From Scarcity to Abundance: Reflections on Using African Values to Combat Fraud. Business Ethics 9 (4):248–258.score: 9.0
  34. Raphael Sassower (1990). Scarcity and Setting the Boundaries of Political Economy. Social Epistemology 4 (1):75 – 91.score: 9.0
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  35. Daniel M. Gross (2001). Early Modern Emotion and the Economy of Scarcity. Philosophy and Rhetoric 34 (4):308-321.score: 9.0
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  36. Robert Mayer (2011). The Right to Exploit: Parasitism, Scarcity, Basic Income, Gijs van Donselaar. Oxford University Press, 2009. Ix + 195 Pages. [REVIEW] Economics and Philosophy 27 (1):69-75.score: 9.0
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  37. Gijs Van Donselaar (2009). The Right to Exploit: Parasitism, Scarcity, and Basic Income. OUP USA.score: 9.0
    In 1895 an English farmer diverted the course of a stream that was flowing through his land, thereby cutting off the supply to the water reservoir of the neighboring community. The courts established that it had been his purpose to "injure the plaintiffs by carrying off the water and to compel them to buy him off." Regardless of what the law says, most people will feel that the farmer's intentions were morally unjust; he was trying to abuse his property rights (...)
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  38. V. C. Walsh (1958). Scarcity and the Concepts of Ethics. Philosophy of Science 25 (4):249-257.score: 9.0
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  39. Andrew Jameton (2002). Outline of the Ethical Implications of Earth's Limits for Health Care. Journal of Medical Humanities 23 (1):43-59.score: 9.0
    In addition to good medical services, all aspects of an economy must work together to ensure a high level of public health. However, the abundant economies of the North are contributing heavily to global environmental disaster, with increasing concomitant damage to human health. Environmental health problems result from toxicity (i.e., pollution), scarcity (i.e., poverty), and energy degradation (i.e., entropy). Common to these three factors in environmental demise are the limits of the Earth. Production has evolved to a point where (...)
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  40. Donald Barr (2006). Reinvesting in the Doctor-Patient Relationship in the Coming Era of Scarcity. American Journal of Bioethics 6 (1):33 – 34.score: 9.0
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  41. David Levine (1990). Scarcity and the Limits of Want: Comments on Sassower and Bender. Social Epistemology 4 (1):115 – 119.score: 9.0
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  42. Robert L. Perkins (2009). Martin Beck Matuštík, Radical Evil and the Scarcity of Hope: Postsecular Meditations (Indiana University Series in the Philosophy of Religion). [REVIEW] International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 66 (1):47-49.score: 9.0
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  43. Ferenc Fehér (1994). The Socialism of Scarcity. Thesis Eleven 37 (1):98-118.score: 9.0
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  44. Bebe Loff & Mark Heywood (2002). Patents on Drugs: Manufacturing Scarcity or Advancing Health? Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 30 (4):621-631.score: 9.0
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  45. William Ophuls (1986). On Hoffert and the Scarcity of Politics. Environmental Ethics 8 (3):287-287.score: 9.0
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  46. Charles B. Smith, Margaret P. Battin, Leslie P. Francis & Jay A. Jacobson (2007). Should Rapid Tests for Hiv Infection Now Be Mandatory During Pregnancy? Global Differences in Scarcity and a Dilemma of Technological Advance. Developing World Bioethics 7 (2):86–103.score: 9.0
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  47. Allen Andrew A. Alvarez (2009). The Preintrinsic Value of Vital Needs and the Problem of Extreme Scarcity. Asian Bioethics Review 1 (3):198-217.score: 9.0
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  48. William Greider (2003). Beyond Scarcity. Business Ethics 17 (3):9-11.score: 9.0
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  49. Norman Myers (1988). Impressive Conservation Biology: The Science of Scarcity and Diversity Michael E. Soule. Bioscience 38 (6):425-426.score: 9.0
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  50. Amit Saini & Mike Krush (2008). Anomie and the Marketing Function: The Role of Control Mechanisms. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 83 (4):845 - 863.score: 9.0
    The authors use the theoretical notion of anomie to examine the impact of top management’s control mechanisms on the environment of the marketing function. Based on a literature review and in-depth field interviews with marketing managers in diverse industries, a conceptual model is proposed that incorporates the two managerial control mechanisms, viz. output and process control, and relates their distinctive influence to anomie in the marketing function. Three contingency variables, i.e., resource scarcity, power, and ethics codification, are proposed to (...)
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