Search results for 'scientific concepts' (try it on Scholar)

1000+ found
Order:
  1.  10
    Uljana Feest & Friedrich Steinle (eds.) (2012). Scientific Concepts and Investigative Practice. De Gruyter.
    Combining philosophical and historical scholarship, the articles in this volume focus on scientific concepts, rather than theories, as units of analysis. They thereby contribute to a growing literature about the role of concepts in scientific research. The authors are particularly interested in exploring the dynamics of research; they investigate the ways in which scientists form and use concepts, rather than in what the concepts themselves represent. The fields treated range from mathematics to virology and (...)
    No categories
    Translate
      Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  2. Ingo Brigandt (2012). The Dynamics of Scientific Concepts: The Relevance of Epistemic Aims and Values. In Uljana Feest & Friedrich Steinle (eds.), Scientific Concepts and Investigative Practice. De Gruyter 3--75.
    The philosophy of science that grew out of logical positivism construed scientific knowledge in terms of set of interconnected beliefs about the world, such as theories and observation statements. Nowadays science is also conceived of as a dynamic process based on the various practices of individual scientists and the institutional settings of science. Two features particularly influence the dynamics of scientific knowledge: epistemic standards and aims (e.g., assumptions about what issues are currently in need of scientific study (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   3 citations  
  3.  58
    José Díez (2002). A Program for the Individuation of Scientific Concepts. Synthese 130 (1):13 - 48.
    Within post−Kuhnian, philosophy of science, much effort has been devoted to issues related to conceptual change, such as incommensurability, scientific progress and realism, but mostly in terms of reference, without a fine−grained theory of scientific concepts/senses. Within the philosophy of language and of mind tradition, there is a large body of work on concepts, but the application to scientific concepts has been very tentative. The aim of this paper is to propose a general framework (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   5 citations  
  4.  19
    Miles MacLeod (2012). Rethinking Scientific Concepts for Research Contexts: The Case of the Classical Gene. In Uljana Feest & Friedrich Steinle (eds.), Scientific Concepts and Investigative Practice. De Gruyter 3--47.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  5.  16
    Mieke Boon (2012). Scientific Concepts in the Engineering Sciences. In Uljana Feest & Friedrich Steinle (eds.), Scientific Concepts and Investigative Practice. De Gruyter 3--219.
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   1 citation  
  6.  45
    Jose A. Diez (2002). A Program for the Individuation of Scientific Concepts. Synthese 130 (1):13-48.
    Within post - Kuhnian, philosophy of science, much effort has been devoted to issues related to conceptual change, such as incommensurability, scientific progress and realism, but mostly in terms of reference, without a fine - grained theory of scientific concepts/senses. Within the philosophy of language and of mind tradition, there is a large body of work on concepts, but the application to scientific concepts has been very tentative. The aim of this paper is to (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   1 citation  
  7.  16
    Robert Kirkman (1997). Why Ecology Cannot Be All Things to All People: The “Adaptive Radiation” of Scientific Concepts. Environmental Ethics 19 (4):375-390.
    On the basis of a model of the development of scientific concepts as analogous to the “adaptive radiation” of organisms, I raise questions concerning the speculative project of many environmental philosophers, especially insofar as that project reflects on the relationship between ecology (the science) and ecologism (the worldview or ideology). This relationship is often understood in terms of anopposition to the “modern” worldview, which leads to the identification of ecology as an ally or as a foe of environmental (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  8.  2
    Theodore Arabatzis (2012). Experimentation and the Meaning of Scientific Concepts. In Uljana Feest & Friedrich Steinle (eds.), Scientific Concepts and Investigative Practice. De Gruyter 3--149.
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  9.  22
    Vladimir Kuznetsov (2005). Scientific Concepts and Their Changes. In International scientific conference ' Day of Science on Philosophy Faculty - 2005' (Міжнар. наук. конф. “Дні науки філософського факультету-2005”. Philosophy Faculty of the National Kyiv University 68-69.
    The changes of concepts are described in the frame of concept triplet model. -/- .
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  10.  24
    Hanne Andersen (2012). 9 Scientific Concepts and Conceptual Change. In Vasō Kintē & Theodore Arabatzis (eds.), Kuhn's the Structure of Scientific Revolutions Revisited. Routledge 179.
  11.  33
    John Drysdale (1996). How Are Social-Scientific Concepts Formed? A Reconstruction of Max Weber's Theory of Concept Formation. Sociological Theory 14 (1):71-88.
    Recent interpretations of Weber's theory of concept formation have concluded that it is seriously defective and therefore of questionable use in social science. Oakes and Burger have argued that Weber's ideas depend upon Rickert's epistemology, whose arguments Oakes finds to be invalid; by implication, Weber's theory fails. An attempt is made to reconstruct Weber's theory on the basis of his 1904 essay on objectivity. Pivotal to Weber's theory is his distinction between concept and judgment (hypothesis), where the former is the (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   1 citation  
  12.  10
    Paolo Vineis (1995). Environmental Risks: Scientific Concepts and Social Perception. Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 16 (2).
    Using the example of air pollution, I criticize a restricted utilitarian view of environmental risks. It is likely that damage to health due to environmental pollution in Western countries is relatively modest in quantitative terms (especially when considering cancer and comparing such damage to the effects of some life-style exposures). However, a strictly quantitative approach, which ranks priorities according to the burden of disease attributable to single causes, is questionable because it does not consider such aspects as inequalities in the (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  13.  14
    Nancy J. Nersessian (1984). Aether/Or: The Creation of Scientific Concepts. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 15 (3):175-212.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   5 citations  
  14.  36
    Hyundeuk Cheon & Edouard Machery (2010). Creating Scientific Concepts, by Nancy J. Nersessian. Mind 119 (475):838-844.
    (No abstract is available for this citation).
    No categories
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  15.  7
    Veit Pittioni (1988). The Relation to Reality of Scientific Concepts. Metaphor or Equation? Philosophy and History 21 (1):25-25.
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  16.  8
    Markus Peschl (1996). The Development of Scientific Concepts and Their Embodiment in the Representational Activities of Cognitive Systems. Philosophica 57.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   1 citation  
  17.  9
    Ismo T. Koponen (2014). Systemic View of Learning Scientific Concepts: A Description in Terms of Directed Graph Model. Complexity 19 (3):27-37.
    No categories
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  18.  7
    Percy Bridgman (1991). The Operational Character of Scientific Concepts. In Richard Boyd, Philip Gasper & J. D. Trout (eds.), The Philosophy of Science. MIT Press 57--70.
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  19.  2
    Paul Churchland (2009). Creating Scientific Concepts. [REVIEW] Isis: A Journal of the History of Science 100:961-963.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  20.  3
    Wolff‐Michael Roth & Anita Roychoudhury (1992). The Social Construction of Scientific Concepts or the Concept Map as Device and Tool Thinking in High Conscription for Social School Science. Science Education 76 (5):531-557.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  21. Barbara J. Becker (2000). MindWorks: Making Scientific Concepts Come Alive. Science and Education 9 (3):269-278.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  22. Paul Churchland (2009). Nancy J. Nersessian.Creating Scientific Concepts. Xiv + 272 Pp., Illus., Bibl., Index. Cambridge, Mass./London: MIT Press, 2008. $32. [REVIEW] Isis 100 (4):961-963.
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  23. Stig Pedersen (1984). Formation and Development of Scientific Concepts. Philosophia Naturalis 21 (2/4):287-300.
    No categories
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  24. J. D. Sneed & C. U. Moulines (forthcoming). A Program for the Individuation of Scientific Concepts. Synthese.
    No categories
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  25. Ladislav Tondl (1973). Scientific Procedures a Contribution Concerning the Methodological Problems of Scientific Concepts and Scientific Explanation. Monograph Collection (Matt - Pseudo).
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  26.  10
    Lucas J. Matthews (2016). On Closing the Gap Between Philosophical Concepts and Their Usage in Scientific Practice: A Lesson From the Debate About Natural Selection as a Mechanism. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C 55:21-28.
    In addition to theorizing about the role and value of mechanisms in scientific explanation or the causal structure of the world, there is a fundamental task of getting straight what a ‘mechanism’ is in the first place. Broadly, this paper is about the challenge of application: the challenge of aligning one's philosophical account of a scientific concept with the manner in which that concept is actually used in scientific practice. This paper considers a case study of the (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  27. Ingo Brigandt, Scientific Practice, Conceptual Change, and the Nature of Concepts.
    The theory of concepts advanced in the present discussion aims at accounting for a) how a concept makes successful practice possible, and b) how a scientific concept can be subject to rational change in the course of history. To this end, I suggest that each scientific concept consists of three components of content: 1) the concept.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  28.  27
    Abraham D. Stone, On Scientific Method As a Method for Testing the Legitimacy of Concepts.
    Traditional attempts to delineate the distinctive rationality of modern science have taken it for granted that the purpose of empirical research is to test judgments. The choice of concepts to use in those judgments is therefore seen either a matter of indifference (Popper) or as important choice which must be made, so to speak, in advance of all empirical research (Carnap). I argue that scientific method aims precisely at empirical testing of concepts, and that even the simplest (...)
    Translate
      Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  29.  29
    Margaret Morrison (2000). Unifying Scientific Theories: Physical Concepts and Mathematical Structures. Cambridge Univ Pr.
    This book is about the methods used for unifying different scientific theories under one all-embracing theory.
    Translate
      Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   30 citations  
  30. W. H. Eugen Schwarz (2007). Recommended Questions on the Road Towards a Scientific Explanation of the Periodic System of Chemical Elements with the Help of the Concepts of Quantum Physics. Foundations of Chemistry 9 (2):139-188.
    Periodic tables (PTs) are the ‘ultimate paper tools’ of general and inorganic chemistry. There are three fields of open questions concerning the relation between PTs and physics: (i) the relation between the chemical facts and the concept of a periodic system (PS) of chemical elements (CEs) as represented by PTs; (ii) the internal structure of the PS; (iii)␣The relation between the PS and atomistic quantum chemistry. The main open questions refer to (i). The fuzziness of the concepts of chemical (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  31. Stephan Hartmann (2000). Review Of: James T. Cushing, Philosophical Concepts in Physics: The Historical Relation Between Philosophy and Scientific Theories. Erkenntnis 52 (1):133-137.
    This book successfully achieves to serve two different purposes. On the one hand, it is a readable physics-based introduction into the philosophy of science, written in an informal and accessible style. The author, himself a professor of physics at the University of Notre Dame and active in the philosophy of science for almost twenty years, carefully develops his metatheoretical arguments on a solid basis provided by an extensive survey along the lines of the historical development of physics. On the other (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  32.  7
    James T. Cushing (1998). Philosophical Concepts in Physics: The Historical Relation Between Philosophy and Scientific Theories. Cambridge University Press.
    This book examines a selection of philosophical issues in the context of specific episodes in the development of physical theories. Advances in science are presented against the historical and philosophical backgrounds in which they occurred. A major aim is to impress upon the reader the essential role that philosophical considerations have played in the actual practice of science. The book begins with some necessary introduction to the history of ancient and early modern science, with major emphasis being given to the (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   7 citations  
  33. Margaret Morrison (2009). Unifying Scientific Theories: Physical Concepts and Mathematical Structures. Cambridge University Press.
    This book is about the methods used for unifying different scientific theories under one all-embracing theory. The process has characterized much of the history of science and is prominent in contemporary physics; the search for a 'theory of everything' involves the same attempt at unification. Margaret Morrison argues that, contrary to popular philosophical views, unification and explanation often have little to do with each other. The mechanisms that facilitate unification are not those that enable us to explain how or (...)
    No categories
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  34. Margaret Morrison (2011). Unifying Scientific Theories: Physical Concepts and Mathematical Structures. Cambridge University Press.
    This book is about the methods used for unifying different scientific theories under one all-embracing theory. The process has characterized much of the history of science and is prominent in contemporary physics; the search for a 'theory of everything' involves the same attempt at unification. Margaret Morrison argues that, contrary to popular philosophical views, unification and explanation often have little to do with each other. The mechanisms that facilitate unification are not those that enable us to explain how or (...)
    No categories
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  35. Margaret Morrison (2007). Unifying Scientific Theories: Physical Concepts and Mathematical Structures. Cambridge University Press.
    This book is about the methods used for unifying different scientific theories under one all-embracing theory. The process has characterized much of the history of science and is prominent in contemporary physics; the search for a 'theory of everything' involves the same attempt at unification. Margaret Morrison argues that, contrary to popular philosophical views, unification and explanation often have little to do with each other. The mechanisms that facilitate unification are not those that enable us to explain how or (...)
    No categories
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  36. C. O. Weber (1925). Scientific Method and Moral Concepts. Journal of Philosophy 22 (11):293-300.
    No categories
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  37.  43
    C. E. Perrin (1987). Revolution or Reform The Chemical Revolution and Eighteenth Century Concepts of Scientific Change. History of Science 25 (4):395-423.
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  38.  8
    John N. Prebble (2001). The Philosophical Origins of Mitchell's Chemiosmotic Concepts: The Personal Factor in Scientific Theory Formulation. Journal of the History of Biology 34 (3):433 - 460.
    Mitchell's formulation of the chemiosmotic theory of oxidative phosphorylation in 1961 lacked any experimental support for its three central postulates. The path by which Mitchell reached this theory is explored. A major factor was the role of Mitchell's philosophical system conceived in his student days at Cambridge. This system appears to have become a tacit influence on his work in the sense that Polanyi understood all knowledge to be generated by an interaction between tacit and explicit knowing. Early in his (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   8 citations  
  39.  78
    John Sutton (2007). Language, Memory, and Concepts of Memory: Semantic Diversity and Scientific Psychology. In Mengistu Amberber (ed.), The Language of Memory in a Cross-Linguistic Perspective. John Benjamins 41-65.
    There are many different ways to think about what has happened before. I think about my own recent actions, and about what happened to me a long time ago; I can think about times before I lived, and about what will happen after my death. I know many things about the past, and about what has happened because people did things before now, or because some good or bad things happened to me.
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  40.  6
    Ralph Wendell Burhoe (1973). The Concepts of God and Soul in a Scientific View of Human Purpose. Zygon 8 (3-4):412-442.
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   4 citations  
  41.  56
    R. DiSalle (1999). Review. Philosophical Concepts in Physics: The Historical Relation Between Philosophy and Scientific Theories. JT Cushing. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 50 (4):747-759.
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  42.  19
    Robert D. Rupert (2011). On the Scientific Unity of Concepts. Metascience 20 (1):147-151.
  43.  23
    Paul L. Franco (2012). Are Kant's Concepts and Methodology Inconsistent with Scientific Change? Constitutivity and the Synthetic Method in Kant. Hopos: The Journal of the International Society for the History of Philosophy of Science 2 (2):321-353.
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  44.  10
    Verina Wild (2011). Public Health Ethics. Scientific Methods, Foundational Concepts, and Case Analyses. An Interdisciplinary European Conference for Young Scholars. Ethik in der Medizin 23 (4):333-335.
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  45.  28
    F. A. Muller (2001). Margaret Morrison, Critical Discussion of Unifying Scientific Theories. Physical Concepts and Mathematical Structures. Erkenntnis 55 (1):132-143.
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  46.  12
    Andrew Wayne (2002). Critical Notice of Margaret Morrison Unifying Scientific Theories: Physical Concepts and Mathematical Structures. Canadian Journal of Philosophy 32 (1):117-137.
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  47.  2
    Frederick Reif (1987). Interpretation of Scientific or Mathematical Concepts: Cognitive Issues and Instructional Implications. Cognitive Science 11 (4):395-416.
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  48.  7
    Kwang-Sae Lee (1981). Kant on Empirical Concepts, Empirical Laws and Scientific Theories. Kant-Studien 72 (1-4):398-414.
  49.  9
    Donald R. Gentner (1968). The Scientific Basis of Some Concepts of Pierre Teilhard de Chardin. Zygon 3 (4):432-441.
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  50.  2
    Lyle Munro (2008). The Social Scientific Study of Nonhuman Animals: A Five-Volume Collection

    Animals and Society: Critical Concepts in the Social Sciences (Vols 1-5).
     [REVIEW]
    Society and Animals 16 (1):91-93.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
1 — 50 / 1000