Search results for 'sexual orientation' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. William S. Wilkerson (2009). Is It a Choice? Sexual Orientation as Interpretation. Journal of Social Philosophy 40 (1):97-116.score: 240.0
    Argues that choice, as a form of interpretation, is completely intertwined with the development of both sexual orientation and sexual identity. Sexual orientation is not simply a given, or determined aspect of personality.
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  2. Edward Stein (1999). The Mismeasure of Desire: The Science, Theory, and Ethics of Sexual Orientation. Oxford University Press.score: 240.0
    In the last decade, fierce controversy has arisen over the nature of sexual orientation. Scientific research, religious views, increasingly ambiguous gender roles, and the growing visibility of sexual minorities have sparked impassioned arguments about whether our sexual desires are hard-wired in our genes or shaped by the changing forces of society. In recent years scientific research and popular opinion have favored the idea that sexual orientations are determined at birth, but philosopher and educator Edward Stein (...)
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  3. Talia Mae Bettcher (2014). “When Selves Have Sex: What the Phenomenology of Trans Sexuality Can Teach Us About Sexual Orientation”. Journal of Homosexuality 61 (5):605-620.score: 240.0
    In this article, Bettcher argues that sexual attraction must be reconceptualized in light of transgender experience. In particular, Bettcher defends the theory of “erotic structuralism,” which replaces an exclusively other-directed account of gendered attraction with one that includes a gendered eroticization of self as an essential component. This erotic experience of self is necessary for other-directed gendered desire, where the two are bound together and mutually informing. One consequence of the theory is that the controversial notion of “autogynephilia” is (...)
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  4. Timothy F. Murphy (2012). Ethics, Sexual Orientation, and Choices About Children. The MIT Press.score: 240.0
    Should parents be able to select the sexual orientation of their children, if that were possible through prenatal interventions? _Ethics, Sexual Orientation, and Choices about Children_ reviews the history of this debate which started in the 1970s and has been invigorated by scientific reports about the origins of sexual orientation. This book describes the debate and offers an evaluation of key issues in parental rights, children's rights, and family welfare.
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  5. L. S. Colzato, L. Hooidonk, W. P. Wildenberg, F. Harinck & B. Hommel (2009). Sexual Orientation Biases Attentional Control: A Possible Gaydar Mechanism. Frontiers in Psychology 1:13-13.score: 240.0
    Homosexuals are believed to have a “sixth sense” for recognizing each other, an ability referred to as gaydar. We considered that being a homosexual might rely on systematic practice of processing relatively specific, local perceptual features, which might lead to a corresponding chronic bias of attentional control. This was tested by comparing male and female homosexuals and heterosexuals--brought up in the same country and culture and matched in terms of race, intelligence, sex, mood, age, personality, religious background, educational style, and (...)
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  6. Chetra Yean, Erik Benau, Antonios Dakanalis, Julia M. Hormes, Julie Perone & Alix Timko (2013). The Relationship of Sex and Sexual Orientation to Self-Esteem, Body Shape Satisfaction, and Eating Disorder Symptomatology. Frontiers in Psychology 4:887.score: 240.0
    There is increasing interest in understanding what role, if any, sex and sexual orientation play in body dissatisfaction, its correlates to distress, and its relationship to disordered eating. The goals of the present study were to examine: (a) differences in sex and sexual orientation in internalization of societal pressure to modify physical appearance, components of body image dissatisfaction, self-esteem, and eating disorder symptomatology and (b) whether the internalization-eating disorder symptomatology was mediated by the different components of (...)
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  7. Timothy F. Murphy (2005). Gay Science: Assisted Reproductive Technologies and the Sexual Orientation of Children. Reproductive Biomedicine Online 10 (Sup. 1):102-106.score: 240.0
    There are no technologies at the present time that would allow parents to select the sexual orientation of their children. But what if there were? Some commentators believe that parents should be able to use those techniques so long as they are effective and safe. Others believe that these techniques are unethical because of the dangers they pose to homosexual men and women in general. Both sides point to motives and consequences when trying to analyse the ethics of (...)
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  8. Daryl Bem, Exotic Becomes Erotic: Explaining the Enigma of Sexual Orientation.score: 180.0
    In this address, I outline my “Exotic-Becomes-Erotic" theory of sexual orientation (Bem, 1996) , which provides the same basic account for both opposite-sex and same-sex erotic desire—and for both men and women. It proposes that biological variables do not code for sexual orientation per se but for childhood temperaments that influence a child’s preferences for sextypical or sex-atypical activities. These preferences lead children to feel different from opposite-sex or same-sex peers—to perceive them as “exotic.” This, in (...)
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  9. Dena S. Davis (2008). Religion, Genetics, and Sexual Orientation: The Jewish Tradition. Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 18 (2):pp. 125-148.score: 180.0
    This paper probes the implications of a genetic basis for sexual orientation for traditional branches of Judaism, which are struggling with how accepting to be of noncelibate gays and lesbians in their communities. The paper looks at the current attitudes toward homosexuality across the different branches of Judaism; social and cultural factors that work against acceptance; attitudes toward science in Jewish culture; and the likelihood that scientific evidence that sexual orientation is at least partly genetically determined (...)
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  10. Daryl Bem, Exotic Becomes Erotic: Interpreting the Biological Correlates of Sexual Orientation.score: 180.0
    Although biological findings currently dominate the research literature on the de- terminants of sexual orientation, biological theorizing has not yet spelled out a developmental path by which any of the various biological correlates so far iden- tified might lead to a particular sexual orientation. The Exotic-Becomes-Erotic (EBE) theory of sexual orientation (Bem, 1996) attempts to do just that, by sug- gesting how biological variables might interact with experiential and sociocultural factors to influence an individual’s (...)
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  11. Daryl J. Bem, Exotic Becomes Erotic: A Developmental Theory of Sexual Orientation.score: 180.0
    A developmental theory of erotic/romantic attraction is presented that provides the same basic account for opposite-sex and same-sex desire in both men and women. It proposes that biological variables, such as genes, prenatal hormones, and brain neuroanatomy, do not code for sexual orientation per se but for childhood temperaments that influence a child's preferences for sex-typical or sex-atypical activities and peers. These preferences lead children to feel different from opposite-or same-sex peers — to perceive them as dissimilar, unfamiliar, (...)
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  12. Edward Stein (ed.) (1992). Forms of Desire: Sexual Orientation and the Social Constructionist Controversy. Routledge.score: 180.0
    Perhaps the foremost issue in the emerging area of inquiry known as lesbian and gay studies is the social constructionist controversy. Social constructionism is the view that the categories of sexual orientation are cultural constructs rather than naturally universal categories. Forms of Desire brings together important essays by social constructionists and their critics, representing several disciplines and approaches to this debate about the history and science of sexuality.
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  13. Thomas Edmund Dickins & Mark James Timothy Sergeant (2009). Two More Things for Consideration: Sexual Orientation and Conduct Disorder. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 32 (3-4):275-275.score: 180.0
    We add to Archer's review with mention of sexual orientation differences in aggression and empathy, which suggest a biological basis for the mediating role of empathy. We also note that Archer's view of sex differences will illuminate discussion of conduct disorder, which can only be of help to researchers in this field.
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  14. Ian K. Macgillivray (2008). Religion, Sexual Orientation, and School Policy: How the Christian Right Frames Its Arguments. Educational Studies 43 (1):29-44.score: 180.0
    (2008). Religion, Sexual Orientation, and School Policy: How the Christian Right Frames Its Arguments. Educational Studies: Vol. 43, No. 1, pp. 29-44.
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  15. Susan Moller Okin (1996). Sexual Orientation, Gender, and Families: Dichotomizing Differences. Hypatia 11 (1):30 - 48.score: 156.0
    Throughout history, women and men have been seen as "opposites" in various respects. Examples from the writings of political theorists illustrate this point, while Virginia Woolf is shown to have departed radically from the general tendency to dichotomize sexual difference. Further, this "need" to dichotomize sexual differences contributes to anxiety about and stigmatization of homosexuality. As the social salience of gender becomes reduced, it is to be expected that hostility to homosexuality will decline.
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  16. Heidi E. Grasswick (2004). Book Review: Anne Fausto-Sterling. The Science and Social World of Sex and Sexuality: A Review of Sexing the Body: Gender Politics and the Construction of Sexuality New York: Basic Books, 2000; and Edward Stein. The Mismeasure of Desire: The Science, Theory, and Ethics of Sexual Orientation. [REVIEW] Hypatia 19 (3):203-208.score: 150.0
  17. I. Hacking (2002). How "Natural'' Are "Kinds'' of Sexual Orientation? Law and Philosophy 21 (1):95-107.score: 150.0
  18. Martha C. Nussbaum (2002). Millean Liberty and Sexual Orientation: A Discussion of Edward Stein's the Mismeasure of Desire. Law and Philosophy 21 (3):317 - 334.score: 150.0
  19. Edward Stein (1998). Choosing the Sexual Orientation of Children. Bioethics 12 (1):1–24.score: 150.0
  20. Helga Kuhse & Peter Singer (1998). From the Editors: Choosing the Sex, Race and Sexual Orientation of Our Children. Bioethics 12 (1):iii–v.score: 150.0
  21. Timothy F. Murphy (1995). Abortion and the Ethics of Genetic Sexual Orientation Research. Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 4 (03):340-.score: 150.0
  22. M. Ruse (2000). Review. Gay Science: The Ethics of Sexual Orientation Research. TF Murphy. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 51 (3):487-493.score: 150.0
  23. E. Stein (2002). Précis of the Mismeasure of Desire: The Science, Theory and Ethics of Sexual Orientation. [REVIEW] Law and Philosophy 21 (3):305-316.score: 150.0
  24. Mohammadrasool Yadegarfard & Fatemeh Bahramabadian (forthcoming). Sexual Orientation and Human Rights in the Ethics Code of the Psychology and Counseling Organization of the Islamic Republic of Iran (PCOIRI). Ethics and Behavior:130925090534001.score: 150.0
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  25. David Archard (2013). Ethics, Sexual Orientation, and Choices About Children by Timothy F. Murphy, 2012 Cambridge, MA: MIT Press 200 Pp, £18.95 (Hb). [REVIEW] Journal of Applied Philosophy 30 (2):187-189.score: 150.0
  26. No Authorship Indicated (2001). Review of The Mismeasure of Desire: The Science, Theory, and Ethics of Sexual Orientation. [REVIEW] Journal of Theoretical and Philosophical Psychology 21 (1):98-98.score: 150.0
  27. Raquel Platero Méndez (2007). Intersecting Gender and Sexual Orientation: An Analysis of Sexuality and Citizenship in Gender Equality Policies in Spain. Critical Review of International Social and Political Philosophy 10 (4):575-597.score: 150.0
  28. C. M. (2002). Millean Liberty and Sexual Orientation: A Discussion of Edward Stein's the Mismeasure of Desire. Law and Philosophy 21 (3):317-334.score: 150.0
  29. C. L. Ten (1998). The Use of Reproductive Technologies in Selecting the Sexual Orientation, the Race, and the Sex of Children. Bioethics 12 (1):45–48.score: 150.0
  30. Review by: Ryan Tonkens (2013). Review: Timothy F. Murphy, Ethics, Sexual Orientation, and Choices About Children. [REVIEW] Ethics 124 (2):431-435,.score: 150.0
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  31. Ray Blanchard & Anthony F. Bogaert (1997). The Relation of Closed Birth Intervals to the Sex of the Preceding Child and the Sexual Orientation of the Succeeding Child. Journal of Biosocial Science 29 (1):111-118.score: 150.0
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  32. Michael J. Reiss (1999). How Should We Teach in Schools About Sexual Orientation? A Rejoinder to Petrovic. Journal of Moral Education 28 (2):211-214.score: 150.0
    Petrovic (1999) argues that teachers need to portray homosexuality positively and must not express their beliefs against it. This rejoinder argues against this position, maintaining instead that teachers need to teach about heterosexuality and homosexuality in a balanced manner. I argue against Petrovic's position both on the grounds that it has internal weaknesses and on the grounds that its consequences would be undesirable.
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  33. William H. James (2004). The Sexual Orientation of Men Who Were Brought Up in Gay or Lesbian Households. Journal of Biosocial Science 36 (3):371-374.score: 150.0
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  34. Jacob T. Levy (2005). 8 Sexual Orientation, Exit and Refuge. In Avigail Eisenberg & Jeff Spinner-Halev (eds.), Minorities Within Minorities: Equality, Rights and Diversity. Cambridge University Press. 172.score: 150.0
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  35. M. V. Lee Badgett & Rhonda M. Williams (forthcoming). The Economics of Sexual Orientation: Establishing a Research Agenda. Feminist Studies.score: 150.0
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  36. Ray Blanchard, Kenneth J. Zucker, Marvin Siegelman, Robert Dickey & Philip Klassen (1998). The Relation of Birth Order to Sexual Orientation in Men and Women. Journal of Biosocial Science 30 (4):511-519.score: 150.0
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  37. Anthony F. Bogaert & John Cairney (2004). The Interaction of Birth Order and Parental Age on Sexual Orientation: An Examination in Two Samples. Journal of Biosocial Science 36 (1):19-37.score: 150.0
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  38. William H. James (2005). Biological and Psychosocial Determinants of Male and Female Human Sexual Orientation. Journal of Biosocial Science 37 (5):555.score: 150.0
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  39. J. Richard Udry & Kim Chantala (2006). Masculinity–Femininity Predicts Sexual Orientation in Men but Not in Women. Journal of Biosocial Science 38 (6):797.score: 150.0
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  40. Ryan Tonkens (forthcoming). Review: Timothy F. Murphy, Ethics, Sexual Orientation, and Choices About Children. [REVIEW] .score: 150.0
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  41. Elizabeth A. Wilson (2000). Neurological Preference: LeVay's Study of Sexual Orientation. Substance 29 (1):23-38.score: 150.0
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  42. Pause Bettina (2009). Sexual Orientation Effects on the Perception of Human Body Odor and its Components. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 3.score: 150.0
  43. Ray Blanchard & Lee Ellis (2001). Birth Weight, Sexual Orientation and the Sex of Preceding Siblings. Journal of Biosocial Science 33 (3):451-467.score: 150.0
    This study mothers. The results confirmed earlier reports that boys with older brothers weigh less at birth than boys with older sisters, but they did not confirm reports that girls with older brothers weigh less than girls with older sisters. The results did not show across-the-board differences in the mean birth weights of homosexual versus heterosexual women or homosexual versus heterosexual men. However, the homosexual males with older brothers weighed about 170 g less at birth than the heterosexual males with (...)
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  44. Anthony F. Bogaert & Jian Liu (2006). Birth Order and Sexual Orientation in Men: Evidence for Two Independent Interactions. Journal of Biosocial Science 38 (6):811.score: 150.0
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  45. Nick Braisby & Ian Hodges (2009). Categorisation of Sexual Orientation: A Test of Essentialism. In. In N. A. Taatgen & H. van Rijn (eds.), Proceedings of the 31st Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society. 2956--2961.score: 150.0
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  46. William Byne & Edward Stein (1997). Ethical Implications of Scientific Research on the Causes of Sexual Orientation. Health Care Analysis 5 (2):136-148.score: 150.0
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  47. Lorenza S. Colzato, Linda Van Hooidonk, Wery Van Den Wildenberg, Fieke Harinck & Bernhard Hommel (2010). Sexual Orientation Biases Attentional Control: A Possible Gaydar Mechanism. Frontiers in Psychology 1:13.score: 150.0
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  48. Paul Fairfield (2002). Laurence M. Thomas and Michael E. Levin, Sexual Orientation and Human Rights Reviewed By. Philosophy in Review 22 (1):71-73.score: 150.0
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  49. Edwin E. Gantt (2001). The Mismeasure of Desire: The Science, Theory, and Ethics of Sexual Orientation. Journal of Theoretical and Philosophical Psychology 21 (1):98.score: 150.0
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  50. Aaron Greenberg & Michael Bailey (2007). Liberty Should Win: We May Choose Our Children's Sexual Orientation. Bioethics Forum 28:146.score: 150.0
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