Search results for 'sexual orientation' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Robin A. Dembroff (2016). What Is Sexual Orientation? Philosophers' Imprint 16 (3).
    Ordinary discourse is filled with discussions about ‘sexual orientation’. This discourse might suggest a common understanding of what sexual orientation is. But even a cursory search turns up vastly differing, conflicting, and sometimes ethically troubling characterizations of sexual orientation. The conceptual jumble surrounding sexual orientation suggests that the topic is overripe for philosophical exploration. This paper lays the groundwork for such an exploration. In it, I offer an account (...)
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  2. Talia Mae Bettcher (2014). “When Selves Have Sex: What the Phenomenology of Trans Sexuality Can Teach Us About Sexual Orientation”. Journal of Homosexuality 61 (5):605-620.
    In this article, Bettcher argues that sexual attraction must be reconceptualized in light of transgender experience. In particular, Bettcher defends the theory of “erotic structuralism,” which replaces an exclusively other-directed account of gendered attraction with one that includes a gendered eroticization of self as an essential component. This erotic experience of self is necessary for other-directed gendered desire, where the two are bound together and mutually informing. One consequence of the theory is that the controversial notion of “autogynephilia” is (...)
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  3.  17
    Edward Stein (1999). The Mismeasure of Desire: The Science, Theory, and Ethics of Sexual Orientation. Oxford University Press.
    In the last decade, fierce controversy has arisen over the nature of sexual orientation. Scientific research, religious views, increasingly ambiguous gender roles, and the growing visibility of sexual minorities have sparked impassioned arguments about whether our sexual desires are hard-wired in our genes or shaped by the changing forces of society. In recent years scientific research and popular opinion have favored the idea that sexual orientations are determined at birth, but philosopher and educator Edward Stein (...)
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  4. William S. Wilkerson (2009). Is It a Choice? Sexual Orientation as Interpretation. Journal of Social Philosophy 40 (1):97-116.
    Argues that choice, as a form of interpretation, is completely intertwined with the development of both sexual orientation and sexual identity. Sexual orientation is not simply a given, or determined aspect of personality.
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  5.  13
    Timothy F. Murphy (2012). Ethics, Sexual Orientation, and Choices About Children. The MIT Press.
    Should parents be able to select the sexual orientation of their children, if that were possible through prenatal interventions? _Ethics, Sexual Orientation, and Choices about Children_ reviews the history of this debate which started in the 1970s and has been invigorated by scientific reports about the origins of sexual orientation. This book describes the debate and offers an evaluation of key issues in parental rights, children's rights, and family welfare.
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  6. Timothy F. Murphy (2005). Gay Science: Assisted Reproductive Technologies and the Sexual Orientation of Children. Reproductive Biomedicine Online 10 (Sup. 1):102-106.
    There are no technologies at the present time that would allow parents to select the sexual orientation of their children. But what if there were? Some commentators believe that parents should be able to use those techniques so long as they are effective and safe. Others believe that these techniques are unethical because of the dangers they pose to homosexual men and women in general. Both sides point to motives and consequences when trying to analyse the ethics of (...)
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  7.  31
    Daryl J. Bem, Exotic Becomes Erotic: A Developmental Theory of Sexual Orientation.
    A developmental theory of erotic/romantic attraction is presented that provides the same basic account for opposite-sex and same-sex desire in both men and women. It proposes that biological variables, such as genes, prenatal hormones, and brain neuroanatomy, do not code for sexual orientation per se but for childhood temperaments that influence a child's preferences for sex-typical or sex-atypical activities and peers. These preferences lead children to feel different from opposite-or same-sex peers — to perceive them as dissimilar, unfamiliar, (...)
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  8.  15
    Edward Stein (ed.) (1992). Forms of Desire: Sexual Orientation and the Social Constructionist Controversy. Routledge.
    Perhaps the foremost issue in the emerging area of inquiry known as lesbian and gay studies is the social constructionist controversy. Social constructionism is the view that the categories of sexual orientation are cultural constructs rather than naturally universal categories. ____Forms of Desire__ brings together important essays by social constructionists and their critics, representing several disciplines and approaches to this debate about the history and science of sexuality.
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  9.  15
    Thomas Edmund Dickins & Mark James Timothy Sergeant (2009). Two More Things for Consideration: Sexual Orientation and Conduct Disorder. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 32 (3-4):275-275.
    We add to Archer's review with mention of sexual orientation differences in aggression and empathy, which suggest a biological basis for the mediating role of empathy. We also note that Archer's view of sex differences will illuminate discussion of conduct disorder, which can only be of help to researchers in this field.
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  10.  96
    Daryl Bem, Exotic Becomes Erotic: Explaining the Enigma of Sexual Orientation.
    In this address, I outline my “Exotic-Becomes-Erotic" theory of sexual orientation (Bem, 1996) , which provides the same basic account for both opposite-sex and same-sex erotic desire—and for both men and women. It proposes that biological variables do not code for sexual orientation per se but for childhood temperaments that influence a child’s preferences for sextypical or sex-atypical activities. These preferences lead children to feel different from opposite-sex or same-sex peers—to perceive them as “exotic.” This, in (...)
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  11.  72
    Dena S. Davis (2008). Religion, Genetics, and Sexual Orientation: The Jewish Tradition. Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 18 (2):pp. 125-148.
    This paper probes the implications of a genetic basis for sexual orientation for traditional branches of Judaism, which are struggling with how accepting to be of noncelibate gays and lesbians in their communities. The paper looks at the current attitudes toward homosexuality across the different branches of Judaism; social and cultural factors that work against acceptance; attitudes toward science in Jewish culture; and the likelihood that scientific evidence that sexual orientation is at least partly genetically determined (...)
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  12.  57
    Daryl Bem, Exotic Becomes Erotic: Interpreting the Biological Correlates of Sexual Orientation.
    Although biological findings currently dominate the research literature on the de- terminants of sexual orientation, biological theorizing has not yet spelled out a developmental path by which any of the various biological correlates so far iden- tified might lead to a particular sexual orientation. The Exotic-Becomes-Erotic (EBE) theory of sexual orientation (Bem, 1996) attempts to do just that, by sug- gesting how biological variables might interact with experiential and sociocultural factors to influence an individual’s (...)
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  13.  2
    Edwin E. Gantt (2001). The Mismeasure of Desire: The Science, Theory, and Ethics of Sexual Orientation. Journal of Theoretical and Philosophical Psychology 21 (1):98.
    Reviews the book, The mismeasure of desire: The science, theory, and ethics of sexual orientation by Edward Stein . It would hardly be overstating the matter to say that perhaps the single most hotly debated issue in both psychology and contemporary American culture is the nature and origins of human sexual desires. In opposition to the currently more widely accepted thesis that sexual orientation is determined at birth, philosopher and educator Edward Stein argues in this (...)
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  14.  15
    Timothy F. Murphy (1995). Abortion and the Ethics of Genetic Sexual Orientation Research. Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 4 (3):340.
    Reports about possible genetic bases of homoerotic sexual orientation in adults have received a kind of schizophrenic social reception. On the one hand, these reports have been welcomed by some gay men and lesbians as biological confirmation of the commonly held view that sexual orientation is an involuntary trait, that sexual orientation is not in any meaningful sense chosen. Simon LeVay has received mail from thankful correspondents who welcomed his 1991 report about the possible (...)
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  15.  12
    No Authorship Indicated (2001). Review of The Mismeasure of Desire: The Science, Theory, and Ethics of Sexual Orientation. [REVIEW] Journal of Theoretical and Philosophical Psychology 21 (1):98-98.
    Reviews the book, The mismeasure of desire: The science, theory, and ethics of sexual orientation by Edward Stein . It would hardly be overstating the matter to say that perhaps the single most hotly debated issue in both psychology and contemporary American culture is the nature and origins of human sexual desires. In opposition to the currently more widely accepted thesis that sexual orientation is determined at birth, philosopher and educator Edward Stein argues in this (...)
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  16. Ian K. Macgillivray (2008). Religion, Sexual Orientation, and School Policy: How the Christian Right Frames Its Arguments. Educational Studies 43 (1):29-44.
    (2008). Religion, Sexual Orientation, and School Policy: How the Christian Right Frames Its Arguments. Educational Studies: Vol. 43, No. 1, pp. 29-44.
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  17. Edward Stein (ed.) (2013). Forms of Desire: Sexual Orientation and the Social Constructionist Controversy. Routledge.
    Perhaps the foremost issue in the emerging area of inquiry known as lesbian and gay studies is the social constructionist controversy. Social constructionism is the view that the categories of sexual orientation are cultural constructs rather than naturally universal categories. ____Forms of Desire__ brings together important essays by social constructionists and their critics, representing several disciplines and approaches to this debate about the history and science of sexuality.
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  18. Laurence M. Thomas & Michael E. Levin (1999). Sexual Orientation and Human Rights. Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.
    What rights govern heterosexual and homosexual behaviors? Two distinguished philosophers debate this important issue in Sexual Orientation and Human Rights. Laurence M. Thomas argues that a society which has the constitutional resources to protect hate groups can protect homosexuals without valorizing the homosexual life-style. He defends the view that the Bible cannot warrant the venom that, in the name of religion, is often expressed against homosexuals. Michael E. Levin defends the unorthodox view that the aversion some people experience (...)
     
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  19. Yi Jiang, Patricia Costello, Fang Fang, Miner Huang & Sheng He (2006). A Gender- and Sexual Orientation-Dependent Spatial Attentional Effect of Invisible Images. Pnas 103 (45):17048 -17052.
  20. Elizabeth A. Wilson (2000). Neurological Preference: LeVay's Study of Sexual Orientation. Substance 29 (1):23-38.
  21.  32
    Susan Moller Okin (1996). Sexual Orientation, Gender, and Families: Dichotomizing Differences. Hypatia 11 (1):30 - 48.
    Throughout history, women and men have been seen as "opposites" in various respects. Examples from the writings of political theorists illustrate this point, while Virginia Woolf is shown to have departed radically from the general tendency to dichotomize sexual difference. Further, this "need" to dichotomize sexual differences contributes to anxiety about and stigmatization of homosexuality. As the social salience of gender becomes reduced, it is to be expected that hostility to homosexuality will decline.
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  22.  16
    Mohammadrasool Yadegarfard & Fatemeh Bahramabadian (2014). Sexual Orientation and Human Rights in the Ethics Code of the Psychology and Counseling Organization of the Islamic Republic of Iran. Ethics and Behavior 24 (5):350-363.
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  23.  30
    Edward Stein (1998). Choosing the Sexual Orientation of Children. Bioethics 12 (1):1–24.
  24.  71
    Heidi E. Grasswick (2004). Book Review: Anne Fausto-Sterling. The Science and Social World of Sex and Sexuality: A Review of Sexing the Body: Gender Politics and the Construction of Sexuality New York: Basic Books, 2000; and Edward Stein. The Mismeasure of Desire: The Science, Theory, and Ethics of Sexual Orientation. [REVIEW] Hypatia 19 (3):203-208.
  25.  13
    Nick Braisby & Ian Hodges (2009). Categorisation of Sexual Orientation: A Test of Essentialism. In N. A. Taatgen & H. van Rijn (eds.), Proceedings of the 31st Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society. 2956--2961.
  26.  4
    Udo Schüklenk, Edward Stein, Jacinta Kerin & William Byne (1997). The Ethics of Genetic Research on Sexual Orientation. Hastings Center Report 27 (4):6-13.
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  27.  57
    I. Hacking (2002). ""How "Natural" Are "Kinds" of Sexual Orientation? Law and Philosophy 21 (1):95-107.
  28. John Finnis (1995). Law, Morality, and "Sexual Orientation". Notre Dame Journal of Law, Ethics and Public Policy 9 (1):11-40.
  29.  3
    Jacob T. Levy (2005). 8 Sexual Orientation, Exit and Refuge. In Avigail Eisenberg & Jeff Spinner-Halev (eds.), Minorities Within Minorities: Equality, Rights and Diversity. Cambridge University Press 172.
  30.  18
    William H. James (2005). Biological and Psychosocial Determinants of Male and Female Human Sexual Orientation. Journal of Biosocial Science 37 (5):555.
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  31.  38
    Martha C. Nussbaum (2002). Millean Liberty and Sexual Orientation: A Discussion of Edward Stein's the Mismeasure of Desire. Law and Philosophy 21 (3):317 - 334.
  32. Christopher Horvath (2007). Biological Explanations of Human Sexuality: The Genetic Basis of Sexual Orientation. In David L. Hull & Michael Ruse (eds.), The Cambridge Companion to the Philosophy of Biology. Cambridge University Press
  33.  38
    M. Ruse (2000). Review. Gay Science: The Ethics of Sexual Orientation Research. TF Murphy. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 51 (3):487-493.
  34.  2
    Mohammadrasool Yadegarfard, Fatemeh Bahramabadian & Robert Ho (2015). Iranian Psychotherapists’ Behaviors and Beliefs Toward Sexual Orientation and Gender Identity. Ethics and Behavior 25 (3):256-270.
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  35. Paul Fairfield (2002). Laurence M. Thomas and Michael E. Levin, Sexual Orientation and Human Rights Reviewed By. Philosophy in Review 22 (1):71-73.
  36.  3
    Michael J. Reiss (1999). How Should We Teach in Schools About Sexual Orientation? A Rejoinder to Petrovic. Journal of Moral Education 28 (2):211-214.
    Petrovic (1999) argues that teachers need to portray homosexuality positively and must not express their beliefs against it. This rejoinder argues against this position, maintaining instead that teachers need to teach about heterosexuality and homosexuality in a balanced manner. I argue against Petrovic's position both on the grounds that it has internal weaknesses and on the grounds that its consequences would be undesirable.
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  37.  1
    Heidi E. Grasswick (2004). Book Review: Anne Fausto-Sterling. The Science and Social World of Sex and Sexuality: A Review of Sexing the Body: Gender Politics and the Construction of Sexuality New York: Basic Books, 2000; and Edward Stein. The Mismeasure of Desire: The Science, Theory, and Ethics of Sexual Orientation. [REVIEW] Hypatia: A Journal of Feminist Philosophy 19 (3):203-208.
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  38.  11
    David Archard (2013). Ethics, Sexual Orientation, and Choices About Children by Timothy F. Murphy, 2012 Cambridge, MA: MIT Press 200 Pp, £18.95 (Hb). [REVIEW] Journal of Applied Philosophy 30 (2):187-189.
  39. Richard C. Pillard (1997). The Search for a Genetic Influence on Sexual Orientation. In Vernon A. Rosario (ed.), Science and Homosexualities. Routledge 226--241.
  40.  5
    B. Koziak (2011). Book Review: From Disgust to Humanity: Sexual Orientation and Constitutional Law. [REVIEW] Political Theory 39 (6):808-811.
  41.  3
    William Byne & Edward Stein (1997). Ethical Implications of Scientific Research on the Causes of Sexual Orientation. Health Care Analysis 5 (2):136-148.
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  42.  2
    Ray Blanchard & Lee Ellis (2001). Birth Weight, Sexual Orientation and the Sex of Preceding Siblings. Journal of Biosocial Science 33 (3):451-467.
    This study mothers. The results confirmed earlier reports that boys with older brothers weigh less at birth than boys with older sisters, but they did not confirm reports that girls with older brothers weigh less than girls with older sisters. The results did not show across-the-board differences in the mean birth weights of homosexual versus heterosexual women or homosexual versus heterosexual men. However, the homosexual males with older brothers weighed about 170 g less at birth than the heterosexual males with (...)
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  43. Hacking Ian (2002). ""How" Natural"Are" Kinds"of Sexual Orientation? Law and Philosophy 21 (1).
     
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  44.  19
    E. Stein (2002). Précis of the Mismeasure of Desire: The Science, Theory and Ethics of Sexual Orientation. [REVIEW] Law and Philosophy 21 (3):305-316.
  45. Edward Stein (1998). Essentialism and Constructionism About Sexual Orientation. In David L. Hull & Michael Ruse (eds.), The Philosophy of Biology. Oxford University Press 427--42.
  46.  12
    Raquel Platero Méndez (2007). Intersecting Gender and Sexual Orientation: An Analysis of Sexuality and Citizenship in Gender Equality Policies in Spain. Critical Review of International Social and Political Philosophy 10 (4):575-597.
  47.  4
    Review by: Ryan Tonkens (2013). Review: Timothy F. Murphy, Ethics, Sexual Orientation, and Choices About Children. [REVIEW] Ethics 124 (2):431-435,.
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  48. Janice McLaughlin (2010). Where's the Harm? : Challenging Bioethical Support of Prenatal Selection for Sexual Orientation. In Jackie Leach Scully, Laurel Baldwin-Ragaven & Petya Fitzpatrick (eds.), Feminist Bioethics: At the Center, on the Margins. Johns Hopkins University Press
  49.  12
    Helga Kuhse & Peter Singer (1998). From the Editors: Choosing the Sex, Race and Sexual Orientation of Our Children. Bioethics 12 (1):iii–v.
  50.  3
    J. Richard Udry & Kim Chantala (2006). Masculinity–Femininity Predicts Sexual Orientation in Men but Not in Women. Journal of Biosocial Science 38 (6):797.
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