Search results for 'situation theory' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Erkan Tin & Varol Akman (1994). Computational Situation Theory. ACM SIGART Bulletin 5 (4):4-17.score: 180.0
    Situation theory has been developed over the last decade and various versions of the theory have been applied to a number of linguistic issues. However, not much work has been done in regard to its computational aspects. In this paper, we review the existing approaches towards `computational situation theory' with considerable emphasis on our own research.
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  2. Varol Akman & Mehmet Surav (1997). The Use of Situation Theory in Context Modeling. .score: 180.0
    At the heart of natural language processing is the understanding of context dependent meanings. This paper presents a preliminary model of formal contexts based on situation theory. It also gives a worked-out example to show the use of contexts in lifting, i.e., how propositions holding in a particular context transform when they are moved to another context. This is useful in NLP applications where preserving meaning is a desideratum.
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  3. Jon Barwise, Jean Mark Gawron, Gordon Plotkin & Syun Tutiya (eds.) (1991). Situation Theory and its Applications Vol. Csli.score: 180.0
    Preface This volume represents the proceedings of the Second Conference on Situation Theory and its Applications, held at Loch Rannoch, Scotland, ...
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  4. Peter Aczel, David Israel, Yosuhiro Katagiri & Stanley Peters (eds.) (1993). Situation Theory and its Applications Vol. Csli.score: 180.0
    Situation Theory and Its Applications, Vol. 1 . Robin Cooper, Kuniaki Mukai, and John Perry (Eds.). Lecture Notes No. 22. ...
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  5. Robin Cooper, Kuniaki Mukai & John Perry (eds.) (1990). Situation Theory and its Applications Vol. Csli.score: 180.0
    Preface This volume represents the proceedings of the First Conference on Situation Theory and Its Applications held by CSLI at Asilomar, California, ...
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  6. Robin Cooper, Simple Situation Theory and its Graphical Representation Working Version.score: 180.0
    The work reported here is of two sorts. One the one hand, we attempt to consolidate a lot of recent work on situation theory into a workable version, one that researchers can use and add to in ways that might be suitable for various applications. On the other, we attempt to solve a representational problem with situation theory: how can we represent complicated situation-theoretic objects in a way that is perspicuous. Our way in to (...)
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  7. Dag Westerståhl (1990). Parametric Types and Propositions in First-Order Situation Theory. In Robin Cooper, Kuniaki Mukai & John Perry (eds.), Situation Theory and its Applications Vol. 1. Csli.score: 180.0
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  8. Marcia M. Hughes, Marjolijn Blom, Ronald P. Rohner & Preston A. Britner (2005). Bridging Parental Acceptance‐Rejection Theory and Attachment Theory in the Preschool Strange Situation. Ethos 33 (3):378-401.score: 168.0
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  9. Edward N. Zalta (1993). Twenty-Five Basic Theorems in Situation and World Theory. Journal of Philosophical Logic 22 (4):385-428.score: 150.0
    The foregoing set of theorems forms an effective foundation for the theory of situations and worlds. All twenty-five theorems seem to be basic, reasonable principles that structure the domains of properties, relations, states of affairs, situations, and worlds in true and philosophically interesting ways. They resolve 15 of the 19 choice points defined in Barwise (1989) (see Notes 22, 27, 31, 32, 35, 36, 39, 43, and 45). Moreover, important axioms and principles stipulated by situation theorists are derived (...)
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  10. Charles W. Morris (1927). The Total-Situation Theory of Ethics. International Journal of Ethics 37 (3):258-268.score: 150.0
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  11. Alice G. B. ter Meulen (1993). Situation Theory and Mental Models. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 16 (2):358.score: 150.0
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  12. Arthur L. Brody (1957). Statistical Learning Theory Applied to an Instrumental Avoidance Situation. Journal of Experimental Psychology 54 (4):240.score: 132.0
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  13. W. K. Estes & J. H. Straughan (1954). Analysis of a Verbal Conditioning Situation in Terms of Statistical Learning Theory. Journal of Experimental Psychology 47 (4):225.score: 132.0
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  14. Daryl Bem, On the Uncommon Wisdom of Our Lay Personality Theory: A Book Review Essay on Ross & Nisbett, the Person and the Situation: Perspectives of Social Psychology. [REVIEW]score: 126.0
    In The Person and the Situation , Ross and Nisbett seek to answer the question "What have we really learned from social psychology?" They offer their book as a "throwback to a golden age, a tribute to our intellectual forebears and as a 'stand tall and be proud' pep talk for our colleagues (p. xv)." They succeed splendidly on all these counts.
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  15. Robert C. Koons (1998). Teleology as Higher-Order Causation: A Situation-Theoretic Account. Minds and Machines 8 (4):559-585.score: 120.0
    Situation theory, as developed by Barwise and his collaborators, is used to demonstrate the possibility of defining teleology (and related notions, like that of proper or biological function) in terms of higher order causation, along the lines suggested by Taylor and Wright. This definition avoids the excessive narrowness that results from trying to define teleology in terms of evolutionary history or the effects of natural selection. By legitimating the concept of teleology, this definition also provides promising new avenues (...)
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  16. Robert S. Hartman (1948). The Moral Situation: A Field Theory of Ethics. Journal of Philosophy 45 (11):292-300.score: 120.0
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  17. Alan Brinton (1981). Situation in the Theory of Rhetoric. Philosophy and Rhetoric 14 (4):234 - 248.score: 120.0
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  18. John O'Connor (1953). Indeterminate Situation and Problem in Dewey's Logical Theory. Journal of Philosophy 50 (25):753-770.score: 120.0
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  19. Francis W. Irwin (1978). Some Comparisons of Bindra's Theory with a Situation-Act-Outcome System. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 1 (1):63.score: 120.0
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  20. Nikolaj Zeuthen (2013). The Wolf: Ingarden to the Narratological Rescue. A Few Remarks on a Messy Situation Within the Theory of Fiction. Semiotica 2013 (194):159-169.score: 120.0
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  21. Richard T. W. Arthur (2013). Leibniz's Theory of Space. Foundations of Science 18 (3):499-528.score: 102.0
    In this paper I offer a fresh interpretation of Leibniz’s theory of space, in which I explain the connection of his relational theory to both his mathematical theory of analysis situs and his theory of substance. I argue that the elements of his mature theory are not bare bodies (as on a standard relationalist view) nor bare points (as on an absolutist view), but situations. Regarded as an accident of an individual body, a situation (...)
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  22. Luciano Floridi (2004). Outline of a Theory of Strongly Semantic Information. Minds and Machines 14 (2):197-221.score: 102.0
    This paper outlines a quantitative theory of strongly semantic information (TSSI) based on truth-values rather than probability distributions. The main hypothesis supported in the paper is that the classic quantitative theory of weakly semantic information (TWSI), based on probability distributions, assumes that truth-values supervene on factual semantic information, yet this principle is too weak and generates a well-known semantic paradox, whereas TSSI, according to which factual semantic information encapsulates truth, can avoid the paradox and is more in line (...)
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  23. Laetitia Sauvage Luntadi & Frédéric Tupin (2012). La compétence de contextualisation au coeur de la situation d'enseignement-apprentissage. Phronesis 1 (1):102-117.score: 102.0
    The notion of «professional situation,» as we propose to examine it, entails questioning simultaneously the place of contexts and the role of actors in teaching-learning situations. We propose to examine the contextualization of the teaching process in light of the groups welcomed and the conditions in which the teacher’s profession is practiced. Defining contextualization as «an art of doing» in line with a professional competency thus means postulating the legitimacy of the «context(s)» as an explanatory medium or media. The (...)
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  24. Laetitia Sauvage Luntadi & Frédéric Tupin (2012). La compétence de contextualisation au coeur de la situation d'enseignement-apprentissageThe Competency of Contextualization At the Heart of the Teaching-Learning Situation. Phronesis 1 (1):102-117.score: 102.0
    The notion of «professional situation,» as we propose to examine it, entails questioning simultaneously the place of contexts and the role of actors in teaching-learning situations. We propose to examine the contextualization of the teaching process in light of the groups welcomed and the conditions in which the teacher’s profession is practiced. Defining contextualization as «an art of doing» in line with a professional competency thus means postulating the legitimacy of the «context(s)» as an explanatory medium or media. The (...)
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  25. Christopher Menzel (1999). The Objective Conception of Context and its Logic. Minds and Machines 9 (1):29-56.score: 90.0
    In this paper, an objective conception of contexts based loosely upon situation theory is developed and formalized. Unlike subjective conceptions, which take contexts to be something like sets of beliefs, contexts on the objective conception are taken to be complex, structured pieces of the world that (in general) contain individuals, other contexts, and propositions about them. An extended first-order language for this account is developed. The language contains complex terms for propositions, and the standard predicate "ist" that expresses (...)
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  26. Lawrence Cavedon (1998). Default Reasoning as Situated Monotonic Inference. Minds and Machines 8 (4):509-531.score: 88.0
    Since its inception, situation theory has been concerned with the situated nature of meaning and cognition, a theme which has also recently gained some prominence in Artificial Intelligence. Channel theory is a recently developed framework which builds on concepts introduced in situation theory, in an attempt to provide a general theory of information flow. In particular, the channel theoretic framework offers an account of fallible regularities, regularities which provide enough structure to an agent's environment (...)
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  27. Snieguolė Matulienė & Rolandas Krikščiūnas (2011). Issues of the Theory of Criminalistics Situations. Jurisprudence 18 (1):345-366.score: 88.0
    The word ‘situation’ is met quite often not only in everyday life but also in legal literature. It describes the interrelations among the society, officials, public administration entities, institutions, states, etc. Frequently it is a characterization of certain controversial phenomena. In criminal justice, however, this word carries a special practical and applied meaning and requires constant in-depth analysis not only of the etymology of ‘a situation’ but also of its legal theoretic meaning, purpose, function and practical application. In (...)
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  28. Jean-François Marcel, Frédéric Tupin & Philippe Maubant (2012). La Situation Professionnelle : Contributions des Sciences de l'Éducation à l'Élaboration d'Un Objet Scientifique. Phronesis 1 (1):1-4.score: 78.0
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  29. Tom Burke (2002). Prospects for Mathematizing Dewey's Logical Theory. In F. Thomas Burke, D. Micah Hester & Robert B. Talisse (eds.), Dewey's Logical Theory: New Studies and Interpretations. Vanderbilt University Press.score: 78.0
    This essay discusses ways in which contemporary mathematical logic may be reconciled with John Dewey’s logical theory. Standard formal techniques drawn from dynamic modal logic, situation theory, generative grammar, generalized quantifier theory, category theory, lambda calculi, game theoretic semantics, network exchange theory, etc., are accommodated within a framework consistent with Dewey’s Logic: The Theory of Inquiry (1938). This essay outlines some basic features of Dewey’s logical theory, working in a top-down fashion through (...)
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  30. Norman H. Anderson (1960). Effect of First-Order Conditional Probability in a Two-Choice Learning Situation. Journal of Experimental Psychology 59 (2):73.score: 78.0
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  31. Albert E. Goss & Edward J. Rabaioli (1952). Response Strength in a Modified Thorndikian Multiple-Choice Situation as a Function of Varying Proportions of Reinforcement. Journal of Experimental Psychology 43 (2):106.score: 78.0
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  32. James M. Richards Jr (1962). The Cue Additivity Principle in a Restricted Social Interaction Situation. Journal of Experimental Psychology 63 (5):452.score: 78.0
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  33. Jan Narveson (2010). The Relevance of Decision Theory to Ethical Theory. Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 13 (5):497-520.score: 72.0
    Morality for the purposes of this paper consists of sets of rules or principles intended for the general regulation of conduct for all. Intuitionist accounts of morality are rejected as making reasoned analysis of morals impossible. In many interactions, there is partial conflict and partial cooperation. From the general social point of view, the rational thing to propose is that we steer clear of conflict and promote cooperation. This is what it is rational to propose to reinforce, and to assist (...)
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  34. L. Roger Owens (2005). The Theological Ethics of Herbert McCabe, OP: A Review Essay. [REVIEW] Journal of Religious Ethics 33 (3):569 - 592.score: 72.0
    Herbert McCabe, OP (d. 2001), was a significant theological figure in England in the last century. A scholar of Aquinas, he was also influenced by Wittgenstein and Marx, his reading of whom helped him articulate a distinctive Thomistic account of human embodiment that serves as a critique of other dominant approaches in ethics. This article shows McCabe's contribution to moral theology by placing his work in conversation with other important approaches, namely, situation ethics, proportionalism, and the New Natural Law (...)
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  35. Stephen J. Willson (1998). Long-Term Behavior in the Theory of Moves. Theory and Decision 45 (3):201-240.score: 72.0
    This paper proposes a revised Theory of Moves (TOM) to analyze matrix games between two players when payoffs are given as ordinals. The games are analyzed when a given player i must make the first move, when there is a finite limit n on the total number of moves, and when the game starts at a given initial state S. Games end when either both players pass in succession or else a total of n moves have been made. Studies (...)
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  36. Patricia Kauark-Leite (2010). Transcendental Philosophy and Quantum Theory. Manuscrito – Rev. Int. Fil 33 (1):243-267.score: 66.0
    In the Critique of Pure Reason Kant argues that the empirical knowledge of the world depends on a priori conditions of human sensibility and understanding, i. e., our capacities of sense experience and concept formation. The objective knowledge presupposes, on one hand, space and time as a priori conditions of sensibility and, on another hand, a priori judgments, like the principle of causality, as constitutive conditions of understanding. The problem is that in the XX century the physical science completely changed (...)
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  37. Christine Tappolet & Bruce Maxwell (2012). Rethinking Cognitive Mediation: Cognitive Behavioral Therapy and the Perceptual Theory of Emotion. Philosophy, Psychiatry and Psychology 19 (1):1-12.score: 66.0
    Empirical assessments of Cognitive Behavioral Theory and theoretical considerations raise questions about the fundamental theoretical tenet that psychological disturbances are mediated by consciously accessible cognitive structures. This paper considers this situation in light of emotion theory in philosophy. We argue that the “perceptual theory” of emotions, which underlines the parallels between emotions and sensory perceptions, suggests a conception of cognitive mediation that can accommodate the observed empirical anomalies and one that is consistent with the dual-processing models (...)
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  38. Sylvia Wenmackers, Danny E. P. Vanpoucke & Igor Douven (2012). Probability of Inconsistencies in Theory Revision. European Physical Journal B 85 (1):44 (15).score: 66.0
    We present a model for studying communities of epistemically interacting agents who update their belief states by averaging (in a specified way) the belief states of other agents in the community. The agents in our model have a rich belief state, involving multiple independent issues which are interrelated in such a way that they form a theory of the world. Our main goal is to calculate the probability for an agent to end up in an inconsistent belief state due (...)
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  39. Tom Burke (2000). What is a Situation? History and Philosophy of Logic 21 (2):95-113.score: 66.0
    This paper examines the role of ?situations? in John Dewey's philosophy of logic. To do this properly it is necessary to contrast Dewey's conception of experience and mentality with views characteristic of modern epistemology. The primary difference is that, rather than treat experience as peripheral and or external to mental functions (reason, etc.), we should treat experience as a field in and as a part of which thinking takes place. Experience in this broad sense subsumes theory and fact, hypothesis (...)
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  40. Reiner Hedrich (2007). The Internal and External Problems of String Theory: A Philosophical View. [REVIEW] Journal for General Philosophy of Science 38 (2):261 - 278.score: 66.0
    String theory is at the moment the only advanced approach to a unification of all interactions, including gravity. But, in spite of the more than 30 years of its existence, it does not make any empirically testable predictions, and it is completely unknown which physically interpretable principles could form the basis of string theory. At the moment, “string theory” is no theory at all, but rather a labyrinthic structure of mathematical procedures and intuitions. The only motivations (...)
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  41. John Cantwell (2010). On an Alleged Counter-Example to Causal Decision Theory. Synthese 173 (2):127 - 152.score: 66.0
    An alleged counterexample to causal decision theory, put forward by Andy Egan, is studied in some detail. It is argued that Egan rejects the evaluation of causal decision theory on the basis of a description of the decision situation that is different from—indeed inconsistent with—the description on which causal decision theory makes its evaluation. So the example is not a counterexample to causal decision theory. Nevertheless, the example shows that causal decision theory can recommend (...)
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  42. Karl R. Popper (1992). Quantum Theory and the Schism in Physics. Routledge.score: 66.0
    The basic theme of Popper's philosophy--that something can come from nothing--is related to the present situation in physical theory. Popper carries his investigation right to the center of current debate in quantum physics. He proposes an interpretation of physics--and indeed an entire cosmology--which is realist, conjectural, deductivist and objectivist, anti-positivist, and anti-instrumentalist. He stresses understanding, reminding us that our ignorance grows faster than our conjectural knowledge.
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  43. Kenneth D. Bailey (2005). Emergence, Drop-Back and Reductionism in Living Systems Theory. Axiomathes 15 (1):29-45.score: 66.0
    Millers Living Systems Theory (LST) is known to be very comprehensive. It comprises eight nested hierarchical levels. It also includes twenty critical subsystems. While Millers approach has been analyzed and applied in great detail, some problematic features remain, requiring further explication. One of these is the relationship between reduction and emergence in LST. There are at least four relevant possibilities. One is that LST exhibits neither clear reductionism nor emergence, but is essentially neutral in this regard. Another is that (...)
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  44. Darrin W. Belousek (2005). Underdetermination, Realism, and Theory Appraisal: An Epistemological Reflection on Quantum Mechanics. [REVIEW] Foundations of Physics 35 (4):669-695.score: 66.0
    This paper examines the epistemological significance of the present situation of underdetermination in quantum mechanics. After analyzing this underdetermination at three levels---formal, ontological, and methodological---the paper considers implications for a number of variants of the thesis of scientific realism in fundamental physics and reassesses Lakatos‘ characterization of progress in physical theory in light of the present situation. Next, this paper considers the implications of underdetermination for Weinberg’s ‘‘dream of a final theory.’’ Finally, the paper concludes by (...)
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  45. Robert C. Robinson (2009). A Defense of the Maximin Principle in Rawls' Theory of Justice. Humanity and Social Science Journal 4 (2):175-179.score: 66.0
    In his celebrated work, A Theory of Justice (1971), John Rawls argues that, from behind the veil of ignorance, parties in the original position will employ the maximin decision rule to reason to his two principles of justice. In this journal, Olatunji Oyeshile offers a brief and concise outline of some of the historical criticisms of that argument. Oyeshile offers two important criticisms of Rawls' argument. Both, however, are somewhat misplaced, as I shall show. First, he claims that decision (...)
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  46. Erich Rast (2013). Review of Fenstad's "Grammar, Geometry & Brain&Quot;. [REVIEW] Studia Logica 101 (5).score: 66.0
    In this small book logician and mathematician Jens Erik Fenstad addresses some of the most important foundational questions of linguistics: What should a theory of meaning look like and how might we provide the missing link between meaning theory and our knowledge of how the brain works? The author’s answer is twofold. On the one hand, he suggests that logical semantics in the Montague tradition and other broadly conceived symbolic approaches do not suffice. On the other hand, he (...)
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  47. John Michael, Simulation as an Epistemic Tool Between Theory and Practice: A Comparison of the Relationship Between Theory and Simulation in Science and Folk Psychology. EPSA07.score: 66.0
    Simulation as an epistemic tool between theory and practice: A Comparison of the Relationship between Theory and Simulation in Science and in Folk Psychology In this paper I explore the concept of simulation that is employed by proponents of the so-called simulation theory within the debate about the nature and scientific status of folk psychology. According to simulation theory, folk psychology is not a sort of theory that postulates theoretical entities (mental states and processes) and (...)
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  48. Evelyn Gick (2003). Cognitive Theory and Moral Behavior: The Contribution of F. A. Hayek to Business Ethics. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 45 (1-2):149 - 165.score: 66.0
    This paper shows how business ethics as a concept may be approached from a cognitive viewpoint. Following F. A. Hayek''s cognitive theory, I argue that moral behavior evolves and changes because of individual perception and action. Individual moral behavior becomes a moral rule when prominently displayed by members of a certain society in a specific situation. A set of moral rules eventually forms the ethical code of a society, of which business ethics codes are only a part. By (...)
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  49. Ben Wempe (2008). Four Design Criteria for Any Future Contractarian Theory of Business Ethics. Journal of Business Ethics 81 (3):697 - 714.score: 66.0
    This article assesses the quality of Integrative Social Contracts Theory (ISCT) as a social contract argument. For this purpose, it embarks on a comparative analysis of the use of the social contract model as a theory of political authority and as a theory of social justice. Building on this comparison, it then develops four criteria for any future contractarian theory of business ethics (CBE). To apply the social contract model properly to the domain of business ethics, (...)
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