Search results for 'situationism' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Guy Axtell (forthcoming). Thinking Twice About Virtue and Vice: From Epistemic Situationism to Dual Process Theories. In Mark Alfano & Abrol Fairweather (eds.), Epistemic Situationism. Oxford University Press.score: 27.0
    Epistemic situationists (Alfano; Doris and Olin) urge that concerns about the empirical adequacy of different versions of virtue epistemology are to be judged in light of the situationsts’ own interpretations of social psychological studies. But these concerns, while real, should instead be judged by the consistency of virtue epistemologies with the leading psychological theory emerging from studies of heuristics and biases, which is not epistemic situationism, but rather dual process theory (Evans; Kahneman; Stanovich; West). I argue that such a (...)
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  2. Dana K. Nelkin (2005). Freedom, Responsibility and the Challenge of Situationism. Midwest Studies in Philosophy 29 (1):181–206.score: 24.0
    In conclusion, then, the situationist literature provides a rich area of exploration for those interested in freedom and responsibility. Interestingly, it does not do so primarily because it is situationist in the sense of supporting the substantive thesis about the role of character traits. Rather it is because it makes us wonder whether we really do act on a regular basis with the particular normative, epistemic,and reactive capacities that are central to our identity as free and responsible agents.
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  3. Manuel Vargas (forthcoming). Situationism and Moral Responsibility: Free Will in Fragments. In Tillman Vierkant, Julian Kiverstein & Andy Clark (eds.), Decomposing the Will. Oxford UP.score: 24.0
    Many prominent accounts of free will and moral responsibility make use of the idea that agents can be responsive to reasons. Call such theories Reasons accounts. In what follows, I consider the tenability of Reasons accounts in light of situationist social psychology and, to a lesser extent, the automaticity literature. In the first half of this chapter, I argue that Reasons accounts are genuinely threatened by contemporary psychology. In the second half of the paper I consider whether such threats can (...)
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  4. Deborah S. Mower (2013). Situationism and Confucian Virtue Ethics. Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 16 (1):113-137.score: 24.0
    Situationist research in social psychology focuses on the situational factors that influence behavior. Doris and Harman argue that this research has powerful implications for ethics, and virtue ethics in particular. First, they claim that situationist research presents an empirical challenge to the moral psychology presumed within virtue ethics. Second, they argue that situationist research supports a theoretical challenge to virtue ethics as a foundation for ethical behavior and moral development. I offer a response from moral psychology using an interpretation of (...)
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  5. Mark Alfano (forthcoming). Epistemic Situationism: An Extended Prolepsis. In Mark Alfano & Abrol Fairweather (eds.), Epistemic Situationism. Oxford University Press.score: 24.0
    In recent work (Alfano 2012, Alfano forthcoming a, Alfano forthcoming b), I've begun to develop an empirically minded critique of virtue-based accounts of knowledge, justification, and epistemic value. There's an important disanalogy between virtue ethical theories of right action and virtue epistemic theories of knowledge. Most virtue ethicists hold that it's possible to do the right thing for the wrong reason, and hence that right action is possible even for the non-virtuous. Virtue epistemologists, in contrast, almost uniformly claim that knowledge (...)
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  6. Matthew Talbert (2009). Situationism, Normative Competence, and Responsibility for Wartime Behavior. Journal of Value Inquiry 43 (3):415-432.score: 24.0
    About a year after the start of the Iraq War, a story broke about the abuse of Iraqi detainees by American soldiers at the Abu Ghraib prison. Editorialists and science writers noted affinities between what happened at Abu Ghraib and Philip Zimbardo’s famous 1971 Stanford Prison Experiment. Zimbardo’s experiment is part of the “situationist” literature in social psychology, which suggests that the contexts in which agents act have a larger influence on behavior, and that personality traits have a smaller influence, (...)
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  7. Mark Alfano & Abrol Fairweather (eds.) (forthcoming). Epistemic Situationism. Oxford University Press.score: 24.0
    INTRODUCTION Abrol Fairweather, San Francisco State University -/- PART 1: The situationist challenge to virtue epistemology 1. Mark Alfano, Princeton University & University of Oregon 2. John Doris & Lauren Olin, Washington University in St. Louis 3. John Turri, University of Waterloo -/- PART 2: Defending virtue epistemology 4. James Montmarquet, Tennessee State University 5. Ernest Sosa, Rutgers 6. Jason Baehr, Loyola Marymount University 7. John Greco, St. Louis University 8. Berit Brogaard, University of Missouri-St. Louis 9. Guy Axtell, Radford (...)
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  8. Michelle Ciurria (2013). Situationism, Moral Responsibility and Blame. Philosophia 41 (1):179-193.score: 24.0
    In Moral philosophy meets social psychology, Gilbert Harman argues that social psychology can educate folk morality to prevent us from committing the ‘fundamental attribution error,’ i.e. ‘the error of ignoring situational factors and overconfidently assuming that distinctive behaviour or patterns of behaviour are due to an agent’s distinctive character traits’ (Harman, Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society, 99, 315–331, 1999). An overview of the literature shows that while situationists unanimously agree with Harman on this point, they disagree on whether we also (...)
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  9. Mark Alfano & Abrol Fairweather, Situationism and Virtue Theory. Oxford Bibliographies in Philosophy.score: 24.0
    Virtues are dispositions to see, think, desire, deliberate, or act well, with different philosophers emphasizing different permutations of these activities. Virtue has been an object of philosophical concern for thousands of years whereas situationism—the psychological theory according to which a great deal of human perception, thought, motivation, deliberation, and behavior are explained not by character or personality dispositions but by seemingly trivial and normatively irrelevant situational influences—was a development of the 20th century. Some philosophers, especially John Doris and Gilbert (...)
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  10. Michelle Ciurria (2011). Complicity and Criminal Liability in Rwanda: A Situationist Critique. Res Publica 17 (4):411-419.score: 24.0
    In Complicity and the Rwandan Genocide ( 2010b ), Larry May argues that complicity can be the basis for criminal liability if two conditions are met: First, the person’s actions or inactions must contribute to the harm in question, and secondly, the person must know that his actions or inactions risk contributing to this harm. May also states that the threshold for guilt for criminal liability is higher than for moral responsibility. I agree with this latter claim, but I think (...)
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  11. Travis J. Rodgers & Brandon Warmke (forthcoming). Situationism Versus Situationism. Ethical Theory and Moral Practice:1-18.score: 24.0
    Most discussions of John Doris’s situationism center on what can be called descriptive situationism, the claim that our folk usage of global personality and character traits in describing and predicting human behavior is empirically unsupported. Philosophers have not yet paid much attention to another central claim of situationism, which says that given that local traits are empirically supported, we can more successfully act in line with our moral values if, in our deliberation about what to do, we (...)
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  12. Christian Miller (forthcoming). Situationism and Free Will. In Griffith Meghan, Timpe Kevin & Levy Neil (eds.), Routledge Companion to Free Will. Routledge.score: 24.0
    This handbook article reviews the situationist movements in psychology and philosophy, before turning to possible implications for issues about free will and moral responsibility. Particular attention is paid to possible threats to reasons-responsiveness and to agency.
     
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  13. Maria Merritt (2000). Virtue Ethics and Situationist Personality Psychology. Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 3 (4):365-383.score: 21.0
    In this paper I examine and reply to a deflationary challenge brought against virtue ethics. The challenge comes from critics who are impressed by recent psychological evidence suggesting that much of what we take to be virtuous conduct is in fact elicited by narrowly specific social settings, as opposed to being the manifestation of robust individual character. In answer to the challenge, I suggest a conception of virtue that openly acknowledges the likelihood of its deep, ongoing dependence upon particular social (...)
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  14. Alfred Mele & Joshua Shepherd (2013). Situationism and Agency. Journal of Practical Ethics 1 (1):62-83.score: 21.0
    Research in psychology indicates that situations powerfully impact human behavior. Often, it seems, features of situations drive our behavior even when we remain unaware of these features or their influence. One response to this research is pessimism about human agency: human agents have little conscious control over their own behavior, and little insight into why they do what they do. In this paper we review classic and more recent studies indicating “the power of the situation,” and argue for a more (...)
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  15. Jeff Kinkle (2010). Correspondence: The Foundation of the Situationist International (June 1957‐August 1960)_, Guy Debord, Los Angeles: Semiotext(E), 2009. _All the King's Horses_, Michèle Bernstein, Los Angeles: Semiotext(E), 2008. _50 Years of Recuperation of the Situationist International, McKenzie Wark, New York: Princeton Architectural Press, 2008. [REVIEW] Historical Materialism 18 (1):164-177.score: 21.0
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  16. Rachana Kamtekar (2004). Situationism and Virtue Ethics on the Content of Our Character. Ethics 114 (3):458-491.score: 18.0
    Situationist social psychologists tell us that information about people’s distinctive character traits, opinions, attitudes, values, or past behavior is not as useful for determining what they will do as is information about the details of their situations.1 One would expect, they say, that the possessor of a given character trait (such as helpfulness) would behave consistently (helpfully) across situations that are similar in calling for the relevant (helping) behavior, but under experimental conditions, people’s behavior is not found to be cross-situationally (...)
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  17. David O. Brink (2013). Situationism, Responsibility, and Fair Opportunity. Social Philosophy and Policy (1-2):121-149.score: 18.0
    The situationist literature in psychology claims that conduct is not determined by character and reflects the operation of the agent’s situation or environment. For instance, due to situational factors, compassionate behavior is much less common than we might have expected from people we believe to be compassionate. This article focuses on whether situationism should revise our beliefs about moral responsibility. It assesses situationism’s implications against the backdrop of a conception of responsibility that is grounded in norms about the (...)
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  18. Luke Russell (2009). Is Situationism All Bad News? Utilitas 21 (4):443-463.score: 18.0
    Situationist experiments such as the Milgram experiment and the Princeton Seminary experiment have prompted philosophers to warn us against succumbing to fear of embarrassment and sliding down slippery slopes. Yet it would be a mistake to conclude that situationism is all bad news for moral agents. Fear of embarrassment can often motivate right actions, and slippery slopes can slide us away from wrongdoing. The reason that philosophers have seen situationism as bringing all bad news is that they have (...)
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  19. Francois Debrix (1999). Specters of Postmodernism: Derrida's Marx, the New International and the Return of Situationism. Philosophy and Social Criticism 25 (1):1-21.score: 18.0
    In Specters of Marx, Derrida proposes a return to the spirit of Marxism as a way of dealing with the 'repoliticization' of contemporary realities. I suggest that Derrida's rediscovery of Marx allows one to map out what I call the end(s) of postmodernism, that is to say, the point(s) where the cultural free-play characteristic of the postmodern mood is confronted with renewed questions of politics, ideology and technology. Through a micro-reading of Derrida's text, two possible end(s) of postmodernism are identified. (...)
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  20. Hagop Sarkissian (2010). Minor Tweaks, Major Payoffs: The Problems and Promise of Situationism in Moral Philosophy. Philosophers' Imprint 10 (9).score: 18.0
    Moral philosophers of late have been examining the implications of experimental social psychology for ethics. The focus of attention has been on situationism—the thesis that we routinely underestimate the extent to which minor situational variables influence morally significant behavior. Situationism has been seen as a threat to prevailing lay and philosophical theories of character, personhood, and agency. In this paper, I outline the situationist literature and critique one of its upshots: the admonition to carefully select one’s situational contexts. (...)
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  21. Edward Slingerland (2011). The Situationist Critique and Early Confucian Virtue Ethics. Ethics 121 (2):390-419.score: 18.0
    This article argues that strong versions of the situationist critique of virtue ethics are empirically and conceptually unfounded, as well as that, even if one accepts that the predictive power of character may be limited, this is not a fatal problem for early Confucian virtue ethics. Early Confucianism has explicit strategies for strengthening and expanding character traits over time, as well as for managing a variety of situational forces. The article concludes by suggesting that Confucian virtue ethics represents a more (...)
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  22. Sven Ove Hansson (1997). Situationist Deontic Logic. Journal of Philosophical Logic 26 (4):423-448.score: 18.0
    Situationist deontic logic is a model of that fraction of normative discourse which refers to only one situation and one set of alternatives. As we can see from a whole series of well-known paradoxes, standard deontic logic (SDL) is seriously mistaken even at the situationist level. In this paper it is shown how a more realistic deontic logic can be based on the assumption that prescriptive predicates satisfy the property of contranegativity. A satisfactory account of situation-specific norms is a necessary (...)
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  23. Micah Lott (2014). Situationism, Skill, and the Rarity of Virtue. Journal of Value Inquiry 48 (3):387-401.score: 18.0
    What is the Problem with the Rarity of the Virtues?An important strand of the situationist challenge to Aristotelian virtue ethics rests on the following claim:Rarity Thesis: On the basis of evidence from psychological research, we are justified in believing that possession of the Aristotelian virtues is very rare.The Rarity Thesis is sometimes regarded as a problem for virtue ethics, or as an embarrassing implication of claims made by virtue ethicists.See John Doris, Lack of Character (Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press, 2002), (...)
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  24. John Turri, Epistemic Situationism and Cognitive Ability.score: 18.0
    Leading virtue epistemologists defend the view that knowledge must proceed from intellectual virtue and they understand virtues either as refned character traits cultivated by the agent over time through deliberate effort, or as reliable cognitive abilities. Philosophical situationists argue that results from empirical psychology should make us doubt that we have either sort of epistemic virtue, thereby discrediting virtue epistemology’s empirical adequacy. I evaluate this situationist challenge and outline a successor to virtue epistemology: abilism . Abilism delivers all the main (...)
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  25. Brian Elliott (2009). Debord, Constant, and the Politics of Situationist Urbanism. Radical Philosophy Review 12 (1/2):249-272.score: 18.0
    In the first years of its existence between 1957 and 1960 the efforts of the radical collective the Situationist International (SI) centred on its program of “unitary urbanism.” This program sought to challenge the functionalist character of hegemonic forms of urban planning through novel practices of urban experimentation and contestation. Situationist urbanism arose largely through the collaboration between Guy Debord and the Dutch avant-garde architect Constant. This article explores the political dimension of situationist urbanism and the tensions that led to (...)
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  26. Robert F. Card (2010). Situationist Social Psychology and J. S. Mill's Conception of Character. Utilitas 22 (4):481-493.score: 18.0
    The situationist challenge to global character traits claims that on the basis of findings in social psychology, we should only accept at most the existence of local or context-sensitive traits. In this article I explore a neglected area of J. S. Mill's work to outline an account of context-sensitive traits. This account of traits, coupled with a sophisticated consequentialist ethical framework, suggests an interesting view on which persons govern the circumstances of their actions (to the extent possible) in order to (...)
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  27. Andrew Kim (2013). Have the Manicheans Returned? An Augustinian Alternative to Situationist Psychology. Studies in Christian Ethics 26 (4):451-472.score: 18.0
    Are human beings ever blameworthy for the choices they make? This essay offers a comparative analysis of two systems of thought that argue they are not. The first is Manicheanism, which places blame on a depraved nature within the individual and in competition with a good nature residing within the same person. The good nature is not accountable for the actions of the bad one. The second is situationist psychology, which posits that situations influence behavior more than any alleged robust (...)
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  28. John Kitchens (2009). Situated Pedagogy and the Situationist International: Countering a Pedagogy of Placelessness. Educational Studies 45 (3):240-261.score: 18.0
    Among the avant-garde organizations in Europe during the middle of the twentieth century, a few of them combined in 1957 to form the Situationist International (SI). This article locates relevant aspects of their theory in the increasingly visible constellation of Critical Geography and educational scholarship, both in the foundations of education and curriculum theory. After a brief introduction to the SI, a situated pedaogy is presented in past and present educational literature and is complemented with various theoretical constructs of the (...)
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  29. Kristján Kristjánsson (2012). Situationism and the Concept of a Situation. European Journal of Philosophy 20 (S1):E52-E72.score: 16.0
    Abstract: The concept of a situation underlying the debate between moral situationists and dispositionists conceals various underexplored complexities. Some of those issues have been engaged recently in the so-called psychology of situations, but they have been slow to receive attention in mainstream philosophy. I invoke various distinctions among situations, and show how situationists have selectively chosen certain types of situations that, for conceptual reasons, skew the argument in their favour. I introduce the concept of a ‘virtue-calibrated situation’, and argue that (...)
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  30. John Sabini & Maury Silver (2005). Lack of Character? Situationism Critiqued. Ethics 115 (3):535-562.score: 15.0
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  31. Diana Fleming (2006). The Character of Virtue: Answering the Situationist Challenge to Virtue Ethics. Ratio 19 (1):24–42.score: 15.0
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  32. Mark Alfano (2012). Expanding The Situationist Challenge To Responsibilist Virtue Epistemology. Philosophical Quarterly 62 (247):223-249.score: 15.0
  33. Candace L. Upton (2009). Virtue Ethics and Moral Psychology: The Situationism Debate. [REVIEW] Journal of Ethics 13 (2-3):103 - 115.score: 15.0
  34. Kristján Kristjánsson (2008). An Aristotelian Critique of Situationism. Philosophy 83 (1):55-76.score: 15.0
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  35. Eric L. Hutton (2006). Character, Situationism, and Early Confucian Thought. Philosophical Studies 127 (1):37 - 58.score: 15.0
  36. Ernest Sosa (2009). Situations Against Virtues : The Situationist Attack on Virtue Theory. In Chrysostomos Mantzavinos (ed.), Philosophy of the Social Sciences: Philosophical Theory and Scientific Practice. Cambridge University Press. 274--290.score: 15.0
  37. Nathan L. King (2014). Responsibilist Virtue Epistemology: A Reply to the Situationist Challenge. Philosophical Quarterly 64 (255):243-253.score: 15.0
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  38. Alastair Bonnett (1999). Situationist Strategies and Mutant Technologies. Angelaki 4 (2):25 – 32.score: 15.0
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  39. Gerard J. Dalcourt (1976). The Pragmatist and Situationist Approach to Ethics. Thought 51 (2):135-146.score: 15.0
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  40. Gopal Sreenivasan (2013). 13 The Situationist Critique of Virtue Ethics. In Daniel C. Russell (ed.), The Cambridge Companion to Virtue Ethics. Cambridge University Press. 290.score: 15.0
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  41. Matthew P. Pamental (2010). Dewey, Situationism, and Moral Education. Educational Theory 60 (2):147-166.score: 15.0
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  42. Alejandro de Acosta (2006). Guy Debord and the Situationist International. International Studies in Philosophy 38 (4):158-159.score: 15.0
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  43. Janina Angeli M. Magundayao (2013). Dispositions and Skills: An Argument for Virtue Ethics Against Situationism. Kritike: An Online Journal of Philosophy 7 (1).score: 15.0
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  44. Anthony Shaw (1985). Pragmatic Situationism: Dirty Words? Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 13 (1):46-49.score: 15.0
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  45. Jeff Kinkle (2010). Correspondence: The Foundation of the Situationist International (June 1957–August 1960); All the King's Horses; 50 Years of Recuperation of the Situationist International. [REVIEW] Historical Materialism 18 (1):164-177.score: 15.0
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  46. A. Bonnett (2006). The Nostalgias of Situationist Subversion. Theory, Culture and Society 23 (5):23-48.score: 15.0
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  47. Luc Bovens, Situationist Charges Versus Personologist Defenses and the Issue of Skills.score: 15.0
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  48. Charles Pinches (1991). Principle Monism and Action Descriptions: Situationism and its Critics Revisted. Modern Theology 7 (3):249-268.score: 15.0
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  49. Erick W. Schmidt (2011). A Virtue Ethics Response to Henley on Hume, Aristotle and the Situationist Challenge. Southwest Philosophy Review 27 (2):27-32.score: 15.0
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  50. Eugène Babin (1971). Robert L. Cunningham, Situationism and the New Morality. Appleton-Century-Crofts, New York, 1970. Un Volume de 281 Pages. [REVIEW] Laval Théologique et Philosophique 27 (1):93.score: 15.0
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