Search results for 'situations' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Tim Fernando (2009). Situations as Indices and as Denotations. Linguistics and Philosophy 32 (2):185-206.score: 24.0
    A distinction is drawn between situations as indices required for semantically evaluating sentences and situations as denotations resulting from such evaluation. For atomic sentences, possible worlds may serve as indices, and events as denotations. The distinction is extended beyond atomic sentences according to formulae-as-types and applied to implicit quantifier domain restrictions, intensionality and conditionals.
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  2. Tim Fernando (2011). Constructing Situations and Time. Journal of Philosophical Logic 40 (3):371 - 396.score: 24.0
    Situations serving as partial worlds as well as events in natural language semantics are constructed from a type-theoretic interpretation of firstorder formulae and (after a type reduction) temporal formulae. Limitations of the Russell-Wiener-Kamp derivation of time from events are discussed and overcome to give a more widely applicable account of temporal granularity. Finite situations are formulated as strings of observations, conceptualized to persist inertially (in the absence of forces).
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  3. Michael Litschka, Michaela Suske & Roman Brandtweiner (2011). Decision Criteria in Ethical Dilemma Situations: Empirical Examples From Austrian Managers. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 104 (4):473-484.score: 24.0
    This article is the result of an empirical research project analyzing the decision behaviour of Austrian managers in ethical dilemma situations. While neoclassical economic theory would suggest a pure economic rational basis for management decisions, the empirical study conducted by the authors put other concepts to a test, thereby analyzing their importance for managerial decision making: specific notions of fairness, reciprocal altruism, and commitment. After reviewing some of the theoretical literature dealing with such notions, the article shows the results (...)
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  4. Janusz Kaczmarek (2012). Two Types of Ontological Structure. Concepts Structures and Lattices of Elementary Situations. Logic and Logical Philosophy 21 (2):165-174.score: 24.0
    In 1982, Wolniewicz proposed a formal ontology of situations based on the lattice of elementary situations (cf. [7, 8]). In [3], I constructed some types of formal structure Porphyrian Tree Structures (PTS), Concepts Structures (CS) and the Structures of Individuals (U) that formally represent ontologically fundamental categories: species and genera (PTS), concepts (CS) and individual beings (U) (cf. [3, 4]). From an ontological perspective, situations and concepts belong to different categories. But, unexpectedly, as I shall show, some (...)
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  5. Snieguolė Matulienė & Rolandas Krikščiūnas (2011). Issues of the Theory of Criminalistics Situations. Jurisprudence 18 (1):345-366.score: 24.0
    The word ‘situation’ is met quite often not only in everyday life but also in legal literature. It describes the interrelations among the society, officials, public administration entities, institutions, states, etc. Frequently it is a characterization of certain controversial phenomena. In criminal justice, however, this word carries a special practical and applied meaning and requires constant in-depth analysis not only of the etymology of ‘a situation’ but also of its legal theoretic meaning, purpose, function and practical application. In the present (...)
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  6. Friederike Moltmann (2005). Part Structures in Situations: The Semantics of 'Individual' and 'Whole'. Linguistics and Philosophy 28 (5):599 - 641.score: 22.0
    This paper develops the notion of a situated part structure and applies it to the semantics of the modifiers 'whole' and 'individual'. It argues that the ambiguity of 'whole' should be traced to two different conceptions of part structures of objects being at play: one according to which the parts of an objects are just the material parts and another, Aristotelian conception according to which the parts of an object include properties of form.
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  7. Janet Marta, Anusorn Singhapakdi, Dong-Jin Lee, Sebnem Burnaz, Y. Ilker Topcu, M. G. Serap Atakan & Tugrul Ozkaracalar (2012). The Effects of Corporate Ethical Values and Personal Moral Philosophies on Ethical Intentions in Selling Situations: Evidence From Turkish, Thai, and American Businesspeople. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 106 (2):229-241.score: 21.0
    The goals of this study are to test a pattern of ethical decision making that predicts ethical intentions of individuals within corporations based primarily on the ethical values embedded in corporate culture, and to see whether that model is generally stable across countries. The survey instrument used scales to measure the effects of corporate ethical values, idealism, and relativism on ethical intentions of Turkish, Thai, and American businesspeople. The samples include practitioner members of the American Marketing Association in the U.S., (...)
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  8. E. E. Robinson (1940). An Experimental Investigation of Two Factors Which Produce Stereotyped Behavior in Problem Situations. Journal of Experimental Psychology 27 (4):394.score: 21.0
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  9. Janet Marta, Anusorn Singhapakdi, Dong-Jin Lee, Sebnem Burnaz, Y. Ilker Topcu, M. G. Serap Atakan & Tugrul Ozkaracalar (2012). The Effects of Corporate Ethical Values and Personal Moral Philosophies on Ethical Intentions in Selling Situations: Evidence From Turkish, Thai, and American Businesspeople. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 106 (2):229 - 241.score: 21.0
    The goals of this study are to test a pattern of ethical decision making that predicts ethical intentions of individuals within corporations based primarily on the ethical values embedded in corporate culture, and to see whether that model is generally stable across countries. The survey instrument used scales to measure the effects of corporate ethical values, idealism, and relativism on ethical intentions of Turkish, Thai, and American businesspeople. The samples include practitioner members of the American Marketing Association in the U.S., (...)
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  10. Richard C. Atkinson & Patrick Suppes (1958). An Analysis of Two-Person Game Situations in Terms of Statistical Learning Theory. Journal of Experimental Psychology 55 (4):369.score: 21.0
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  11. J. G. Beebe-Center & S. S. Stevens (1937). Cardiac Acceleration in Emotional Situations. Journal of Experimental Psychology 21 (1):72.score: 21.0
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  12. Ulrika Lundh Snis and Lars Svensson Lars-Olof Johansson (2011). Exploring Brokering Situations in an Innovation Boundary Context. Iris 34.score: 21.0
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  13. Tarek Sayed-Ahmed (2013). Neat Embeddings as Adjoint Situations. Synthese:1-37.score: 21.0
    Looking at the operation of forming neat $\alpha $ -reducts as a functor, with $\alpha $ an infinite ordinal, we investigate when such a functor obtained by truncating $\omega $ dimensions, has a right adjoint. We show that the neat reduct functor for representable cylindric algebras does not have a right adjoint, while that of polyadic algebras is an equivalence. We relate this categorial result to several amalgamation properties for classes of representable algebras. We show that the variety of cylindric (...)
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  14. Scarvia B. Anderson (1957). Problem Solving in Multiple-Goal Situations. Journal of Experimental Psychology 54 (4):297.score: 21.0
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  15. Vladimir Cervin (1956). Individual Behavior in Social Situations: Its Relation to Anxiety, Neuroticism, and Group Solidarity. Journal of Experimental Psychology 51 (2):161.score: 21.0
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  16. Bernard Pyron (1964). Choice Behavior in Game Playing Situations as a Function of Amount and Probability of Reinforcement. Journal of Experimental Psychology 68 (4):420.score: 21.0
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  17. Eytan Zweig (2006). When the Donkey Lost its Fleas: Persistence, Minimal Situations, and Embedded Quantifiers. [REVIEW] Natural Language Semantics 14 (4):283-296.score: 20.0
    This paper revisits the question of whether propositions in situation semantics must be persistent [Kratzer (1989). Linguistics and Philosophy, 12, 607–653]. It shows that ignoring persistence causes empirical problems for theories which use quantification over minimal situations as a solution for donkey anaphora [Elbourne (2005). Situations and individuals. Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press]. At the same time, modifying these theories to incorporate persistence makes them incompatible with the use of situations for contextual restriction [Kratzer (2004). Ms., University of (...)
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  18. George Kachergis, Chen Yu & Richard M. Shiffrin (2013). Actively Learning Object Names Across Ambiguous Situations. Topics in Cognitive Science 5 (1):200-213.score: 20.0
    Previous research shows that people can use the co-occurrence of words and objects in ambiguous situations (i.e., containing multiple words and objects) to learn word meanings during a brief passive training period (Yu & Smith, 2007). However, learners in the world are not completely passive but can affect how their environment is structured by moving their heads, eyes, and even objects. These actions can indicate attention to a language teacher, who may then be more likely to name the attended (...)
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  19. Lucie Roger, Philippe Maubant & Bernard Mercier (2012). Une perspective bachelardienne pour lire et comprendre les situations d'aprentissage professionnel de la formation à l'enseignement. Phronesis 1 (1):92-101.score: 20.0
    This text presents a few preliminary results of research currently being conducted at the Université de Sherbrooke’s Research Institute on Educational Practices. The study seeks to understand how situations presented in teacher education can support the functioning and success of trainee teachers’ professional learning. The article’s aim is to identify the points of convergence between situations of professional activity, situations of professional learning, and training situations. The text will attempt to analyze the role that can be (...)
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  20. Lucie Roger, Philippe Maubant & Bernard Mercier (2012). Une perspective bachelardienne pour lire et comprendre les situations d'aprentissage professionnel de la formation à l'enseignementA Bachelardian Perspective for Reading and Understanding Professional Learning Situations in Teacher Education. Phronesis 1 (1):92.score: 20.0
    This text presents a few preliminary results of research currently being conducted at the Université de Sherbrooke’s Research Institute on Educational Practices. The study seeks to understand how situations presented in teacher education can support the functioning and success of trainee teachers’ professional learning. The article’s aim is to identify the points of convergence between situations of professional activity, situations of professional learning, and training situations. The text will attempt to analyze the role that can be (...)
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  21. Angelika Kratzer, Situations in Natural Language Semantics. Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.score: 18.0
    Situation semantics was developed as an alternative to possible worlds semantics. In situation semantics, linguistic expressions are evaluated with respect to partial, rather than complete, worlds. There is no consensus about what situations are, just as there is no consensus about what possible worlds or events are. According to some, situations are structured entities consisting of relations and individuals standing in those relations. According to others, situations are particulars. In spite of unresolved foundational issues, the partiality provided (...)
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  22. Stephen Hetherington (2011). Abnormality and Gettier Situations: An Explanatory Proposal. Ratio 24 (2):176-191.score: 18.0
    Analytic epistemologists reach regularly for favoured ‘intuitions’. And the anti-luck intuition (as Duncan Pritchard calls it) is possibly one of the best-entrenched epistemological intuitions at present, seemingly guiding standard reactions to Gettier situations. But why is that intuition true (if it is)? This paper argues that the anti-luck intuition (like the ability intuition) rests upon something even more deeply explanatory – the normality intuition. And to recognise this is to understand better what most epistemologists want from a concept of (...)
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  23. Daulatram B. Lund (2000). An Empirical Examination of Marketing Professionals' Ethical Behavior in Differing Situations. Journal of Business Ethics 24 (4):331 - 342.score: 18.0
    The ethical behavior of a national sample of marketing professionals was examined by analyzing their responses to four different types of ethical dilemmas presented in vignette form. The ethical situations operationalize the concepts of coercion and control, deceit and falsehood, conflict of interest, and self integrity, within the context of the marketing mix elements – place, promotion, price, and product. Responses were examined to determine whether behavior varied by type of ethical situation, and whether demographic factors affected their responses. (...)
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  24. Scott J. Vitell & Foo Nin Ho (1997). Ethical Decision Making in Marketing: A Synthesis and Evaluation of Scales Measuring the Various Components of Decision Making in Ethical Situations. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 16 (7):699-717.score: 18.0
    The authors present a comprehensive synthesis and evaluation of the published scales measuring the components of the decision making process in ethical situations using the Hunt-Vitell (1993) theory of ethics as a framework to guide the research. Suggestions for future scale development are also provided.
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  25. Emanuela Ceva (2007). Plural Values and Heterogeneous Situations. Considerations on the Scope for a Political Theory of Justice. European Journal of Political Theory 6 (3):359-375.score: 18.0
    This article aims to investigate the way in which a political theory of justice should respond to the endorsement of pluralism. After offering reasons in support of the necessity for such a theory to take pluralism seriously, an argument is put forward for its characterization in minimal and procedural terms. However, taking issue with the straightforward relationship of implication identified by a number of scholars between pluralism and procedural justice, this article contends that a direct relation can only be established (...)
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  26. G. Piccinini & J. Garson (2014). Functions Must Be Performed at Appropriate Rates in Appropriate Situations. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 65 (1):1-20.score: 18.0
    We sketch a novel and improved version of Boorse’s biostatistical theory of functions. Roughly, our theory maintains that (i) functions are non-negligible contributions to survival or inclusive fitness (when a trait contributes to survival or inclusive fitness); (ii) situations appropriate for the performance of a function are typical situations in which a trait contributes to survival or inclusive fitness; (iii) appropriate rates of functioning are rates that make adequate contributions to survival or inclusive fitness (in situations appropriate (...)
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  27. Bogusław Wolniewicz (1982). A Formal Ontology of Situations. Studia Logica 41 (4):381 - 413.score: 18.0
    A generalized Wittgensteinian semantics for propositional languages is presented, based on a lattice of elementary situations. Of these, maximal ones are possible worlds, constituting a logical space; minimal ones are logical atoms, partitioned into its dimensions. A verifier of a proposition is an elementary situation such that if real it makes true. The reference (or objective) of a proposition is a situation, which is the set of all its minimal verifiers. (Maximal ones constitute its locus.) Situations are shown (...)
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  28. Roger R. Straughan (1975). Hypothetical Moral Situations. Journal of Moral Education 4 (3):183-189.score: 18.0
    Abstract: Hypothetical moral situations are often used by teachers and researchers in order to simulate real?life moral problems. This article draws some logical distinctions between different types of moral conflict and the different types of question that can be asked about them. It is suggested that this approach must have serious limitations if it is assumed that there is a direct and straightforward connection between hypothetical and real?life moral judgments, as the former necessarily lack the situational features of the (...)
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  29. M. Lynnette Smyth & James R. Davis (2004). Perceptions of Dishonesty Among Two-Year College Students: Academic Versus Business Situations. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 51 (1):63-73.score: 18.0
    This study statistically analyzes two-year college students' attitudes toward cheating via a survey containing academic and business situations that the students evaluated on a seven point scale from unethical to ethical. When both the general questions concerning attitudes about cheating and the opinions on the ethical statements are considered, the business students were generally more unethical in their behavior and attitudes than non-business majors. These results indicate a need for more ethical exposure in business courses to help students distinguish (...)
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  30. Tim Fernando (2007). Observing Events and Situations in Time. Linguistics and Philosophy 30 (5):527-550.score: 18.0
    Events and situations are represented by strings of temporally ordered observations, on the basis of which the events and situations are recognized. Allen’s basic interval relations are derived from superposing strings that mark interval boundaries, and Kamp’s event structures are constructed as projective limits of strings. Observations are generalized to temporal propositions, leading to event-types that classify event-instances. Working with sets of strings built from temporal propositions, we obtain natural notions of bounded entailment from set inclusions. These inclusions (...)
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  31. Tim Fernando, Situations From Events to Proofs.score: 18.0
    String representations of events are applied to Robin Cooper’s proposal that propositions in natural language semantics are types of situations. Links with the higher types of prooftheoretic semantics are forged, deepening type-theoretic interpretations of Discourse Representation Structures to encompass event structures.
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  32. Peter Forrest (1998). Answers to Prayers and Conditional Situations. Faith and Philosophy 15 (1):41-51.score: 18.0
    In this paper I defend the Direct Actualisation of Conditional Situations as a way of explaining how God answers prayers without assuming that God acts on the world after the prayer is made. My hypothesis states that God, in creating, brings about conditionals without either preventing the antecedent or bringing about the consequent. I compare this hypothesis with some rivals, notably the appeals to foreknowledge and to middle knowledge.
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  33. Darko Hren, Dario Sambunjak, Matko Marušić & Ana Marušić (2013). Medical Students' Decisions About Authorship in Disputable Situations: Intervention Study. Science and Engineering Ethics 19 (2):641-651.score: 18.0
    In medicine, professional behavior and ethics are often rule-based. We assessed whether instruction on formal criteria of authorship affected the decision of students about authorship dilemmas and whether they perceive authorship as a conventional or moral concept. A prospective non-randomized intervention study involved 203s year medical students who did (n = 107) or did not (n = 96) received a lecture on International Committee of Medical Journal editors (ICMJE) authorship criteria. Both groups had to read 3 vignettes and answer 4 (...)
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  34. Kai von Fintel, How to Count Situations (Notes Towards a User's Manual).score: 18.0
    Author’s Note These notes expand on remarks in my paper “A Minimal Theory of Adverbial Quantification” about the difficulties with counting situations. In May 1997, I talked about this topic in an MIT seminar on events co-taught with Irene Heim. These are the slightly updated class notes from that seminar. I have no new thoughts on the issues, but perhaps these notes are still useful. [References still to be added – for now I just appended an old list of (...)
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  35. James L. Werth, Caroline Burke & Rebekah J. Bardash (2002). Confidentiality in End-of-Life and After-Death Situations. Ethics and Behavior 12 (3):205 – 222.score: 18.0
    Confidentiality is one of the foundations on which psychotherapy is built. Limitations on confidentiality in the therapeutic process have been explained and explored by many authors and organizations. However, controversy and confusion continue to exist with regard to the limitations on confidentiality in situations where clients are considering their options at the end of life and after a client has died. This article reviews these 2 areas and provides some suggestions for future research.
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  36. C. Ebert & S. Hinterwimmer (2010). Quantificational Variability Effects with Plural Definites: Quantification Over Individuals or Situations? Journal of Semantics 27 (2):139-176.score: 18.0
    In this paper, we discuss the fact that not only adverbially quantified sentences with singular indefinites or bare plurals but also ones containing plural definites show Quantificational Variability Effects (QVEs), that is, they receive readings according to which the quantificational force of the respective DP seems to depend on the quantificational force of the Q-adverb. We show that if the Q-adverb is a frequency adverb like usually, there is strong evidence that QVEs come about as indirect effects of a quantification (...)
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  37. A. Söderberg, F. Gilje & A. Norberg (1999). Transforming Desolation Into Consolation: The Meaning of Being in Situations of Ethical Difficulty in Intensive Care. Nursing Ethics 6 (5):357-373.score: 18.0
    The purpose of this phenomenological-hermeneutic study was to illuminate the meaning of being in ethically difficult care situations. The participants were 20 enrolled nurses employed in six intensive care units in Sweden. The results reveal a complex human process manifested in relation to one’s inner self and the other person, which transforms desolation into consolation through becoming present to the suffering other when perceiving fragility rather than tragedy. The main point of significance here is for all health professionals to (...)
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  38. A. Breitholtz, I. Snellman & I. Fagerberg (2013). Carers' Ambivalence in Conflict Situations with Older Persons. Nursing Ethics 20 (2):0969733012455566.score: 18.0
    The aim of this study was to illuminate the meaning of professional carers’ experiences in caring situations when a conflict of interest arises with the older person receiving care. The findings reveal the complexity of the carers’ ambivalence when facing a conflict of interest, weighing up between the older persons’ right to self-determination and external demands. The carers are alone in their ambivalence, and the conclusion is that they need help and support to be more present in the encounter. (...)
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  39. Antonio Moreno, Ulises Cortés & Ton Sales (2002). Subjective Situations and Logical Omniscience. Studia Logica 72 (1):7-29.score: 18.0
    The beliefs of the agents in a multi-agent system have been formally modelled in the last decades using doxastic logics. The possible worlds model and its associated Kripke semantics provide an intuitive semantics for these logics, but they commit us to model agents that are logically omniscient. We propose a way of avoiding this problem, using a new kind of entities called subjective situations. We define a new doxastic logic based on these entities and we show how the belief (...)
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  40. Lenhart K. Schubert, The Situations We Talk About.score: 18.0
    It is routinely observed in NLP that sentences seem to “evoke” situations (where I use this term comprehensively to cover events, episodes, eventualities, processes, etc.). Much like discourse entities evoked by explicit noun phrases, these evoked situations can be referred to anaphorically, as for instance in (1) and (3) below, and can be modified in various ways, for instance by supplying their duration and location, as in (2) and (4).
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  41. D. L. Wiegand & M. Funk (2012). Consequences of Clinical Situations That Cause Critical Care Nurses to Experience Moral Distress. Nursing Ethics 19 (4):479-487.score: 18.0
    Little is known about the consequences of moral distress. The purpose of this study was to identify clinical situations that caused nurses to experience moral distress, to understand the consequences of those situations, and to determine whether nurses would change their practice based on their experiences. The investigation used a descriptive approach. Open-ended surveys were distributed to a convenience sample of 204 critical care nurses employed at a university medical center. The analysis of participants’ responses used an inductive (...)
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  42. Jan Bransen (2001). On Exploring Normative Constraints in New Situations. Inquiry 44 (1):43 – 62.score: 18.0
    Philip Pettit's ethocentric account of rule-following is elaborated and defended in this paper as basically a story about the capacity to reason organized around largely implicit assumptions about what is and what is not normal. It is argued that this account can be insightfully used to elucidate the practical reasoning of agents confronted with the normative indeterminacy that seems to be characteristic of radically new situations. It is shown that practical reasoning consists to a large extent in the capacity (...)
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  43. Lisa Smyth (2012). The Social Politics of Breastfeeding: Norms, Situations and Policy Implications. Ethics and Social Welfare 6 (2):182-194.score: 18.0
    This paper explores the social and emotional consequences of three major assumptions about human action underpinning breastfeeding promotion campaigns in the UK. Drawing on Joas's critique of instrumental accounts of rational action, the paper illustrates the ways in which these campaigns firstly contribute to the moralisation of motherhood; secondly value highly individualised, de-contextualised forms of action; and thirdly promote an objectified view of the human body as a pliable instrument of human intentions. The consequences of these assumptions, as they shape (...)
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  44. V. Sørlie, A. Lindseth, G. Udén & A. Norberg (2000). Women Physicians' Narratives About Being in Ethically Difficult Care Situations in Paediatrics. Nursing Ethics 7 (1):47-62.score: 18.0
    This study is part of a comprehensive investigation of ethical thinking among male and female physicians and nurses. Nine women physicians with different levels of expertise, working in various wards in paediatric clinics at two of the university hospitals in Norway, narrated 37 stories about their experience of being in ethically difficult care situations. All of the interviewees’ narrations were concerned with problems relating to both action ethics and relation ethics. The main focus was on problems in a relation (...)
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  45. Eva Alerby & Ulrika Bergmark (2008). Developing an Ethical School Through Appreciating Practice? Students' Lived Experience of Ethical Situations in School. Ethics and Education 3 (1):41-55.score: 18.0
    In meetings between people in school our values are shown through, for example, our actions, our speech and body language. These meetings can be regarded as ethical situations, which can arouse strong emotional reactions that ordinary, everyday situations usually do not do. The aim of this paper is to illuminate, interpret and discuss students' lived experiences of ethical situations in their school. The participants in the study were students in a Swedish secondary school, and the empirical data (...)
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  46. Ulrika Bergmark & Eva Alerby (2008). Developing an Ethical School Through Appreciating Practice? Students' Lived Experience of Ethical Situations in School. Ethics and Education 3 (1):41-55.score: 18.0
    In meetings between people in school our values are shown through, for example, our actions, our speech and body language. These meetings can be regarded as ethical situations, which can arouse strong emotional reactions that ordinary, everyday situations usually do not do. The aim of this paper is to illuminate, interpret and discuss students' lived experiences of ethical situations in their school. The participants in the study were students in a Swedish secondary school, and the empirical data (...)
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  47. Thomas Bille & Vibeke Oestergaard Steenfeldt (2013). Challenging Fieldwork Situations: A Study of Researcher's Subjectivity. Journal of Research Practice 9 (1):Article M2.score: 18.0
    Researching two different work settings, police work and hospice care, the authors experienced a strange sense of discomfort in their bodies during their fieldwork when investigating professional training and work situations, especially in encounters with citizens and patients. In some of those situations, the authors withdrew physically or mentally from the situation without wanting to do so, feeling emotionally affected by the uncertainty of the situations, not fully grasping the meaning of what was going on. In a (...)
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  48. Dawn S. Carlson & K. Michele Kacmar (1997). Perceptions of Ethics Across Situations: A View Through Three Different Lenses. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 16 (2):147-160.score: 18.0
    This paper examined three approaches for understanding perceptions of ethics: moral philosophies, cognitive moral development, and ethical value systems. First, the dimensionality of the moral philosophy approach was examined. Next, an attempt was made to integrate the models. Finally, each of the model's various components were used in a regression equation to isolate the best predictors of ethicality. Results indicated that the moral philosophies can be considered distinct entities, but the common underlying theme between the approaches was not as predicted. (...)
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  49. Peter Hill (2004). Ethics and Health Systems Research in 'Post'-Conflict Situations. Developing World Bioethics 4 (2):139-153.score: 18.0
    Although considerable attention has been given to ethical issues related to clinical research in developing countries, in particular related to HIV therapy, there has been limited focus on health systems research, despite its increasing importance in the light of current trends in development assistance. This paper examines ethical issues related to health systems research in 'post'-conflict situations, addressing both generic issues for developing countries and those issues specific to 'post'-conflict societies, citing examples from the author's Cambodian experience. It argues (...)
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  50. Norman Mooradian (2004). Information Requirements and the Characteristics of Sales Situations. Business Ethics Quarterly 14 (1):123-139.score: 18.0
    The focus of this paper is the ethics of information giving in the context of complex sales. It is argued that, while current theoriesprovide a broad framework for describing the responsibilities of sales agents, they lack adequate descriptions of the conditionscharacteristic of complex sales situations. Without an adequate model of complex sales, ethical theories will fail to provide guidanceto sales agents facing issues that arise from features of sales situations not accounted for in the theories. To motivate this (...)
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