Search results for 'sleep duration' (try it on Scholar)

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  1.  3
    Robert A. Hicks, Joseph G. Allen, Rima E. Armogida, Marcia A. Gilliland & Robert J. Pellegrini (1980). Reduction in Sleep Duration and Type A Behavior. Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 16 (2):109-110.
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  2.  6
    Robert A. Hicks & Jean Kilcourse (1983). Habitual Sleep Duration and the Incidence of Headaches in College Students. Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 21 (2):119-119.
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  3.  3
    Robert A. Hicks, Robert J. Pellegrini, Sharon Martin, Linda Garbesi, Darlyne Elliott & James Hawkins (1979). Type A Behavior and Normal Habitual Sleep Duration. Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 14 (3):185-186.
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  4.  1
    I. D. M. Macgregor & J. W. Balding (1988). Bedtimes and Sleep Duration in Relation to Smoking Behaviour in 14-Year-Old English Schoolchildren. Journal of Biosocial Science 20 (3):371-376.
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  5. Joseph M. Dzierzewski, Yeonsu Song, Constance H. Fung, Juan C. Rodriguez, Stella Jouldjian, Cathy A. Alessi, Elizabeth C. Breen, Michael R. Irwin & Jennifer L. Martin (2015). Self-Reported Sleep Duration Mitigates the Association Between Inflammation and Cognitive Functioning in Hospitalized Older Men. Frontiers in Psychology 6.
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  6. Robert A. Hicks & Marcia Gilliland (1981). Habitual Sleep Duration and the Premature Decline of Aging-Sensitive Abilities in Young Adults. Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 18 (6):305-308.
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  7.  20
    Benjamin Hale (2009). Is Justice Good for Your Sleep? (And Therefore, Good for Your Health?). Social Theory and Health 7 (4):354-370.
    In this paper, we present an argument strengthening the view of Norman Daniels, Bruce Kennedy and Ichiro Kawachi that justice is good for one's health. We argue that the pathways through which social factors produce inequalities in sleep more strongly imply a unidirectional and non-voluntary causality than with most other public health issues. Specifically, we argue against the 'voluntarism objection' – an objection that suggests that adverse public health outcomes can be traced back to the free and voluntary choices (...)
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  8.  26
    Kunjumon Vadakkan (2016). Substantive Nature of Sleep in Updating the Temporal Conditions Necessary for Inducing Units of Internal Sensations. Sleep Science 9.
    Unlike other organs that operate continuously, such as the heart and kidneys, many of the operations of the nervous system shut down during sleep. The evolutionarily conserved unconscious state of sleep that puts animals at risk from predators indicates that it is an indispensable integral part of systems operation. A reasonable expectation is that any hypothesis for the mechanism of the nervous system functions should be able to provide an explanation for sleep. In this regard, the semblance (...)
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  9.  37
    Benjamin Hale & Lauren Hale (2009). Choosing to Sleep. In Angus Dawson (ed.), The Philosophy of Public Health. Ashgate
    In this paper we claim that individual subjects do not have so much control over sleep that it is aptly characterized as a personal choice; and that normative implications related to public health and sleep hygiene do not necessarily follow from current findings. It should be true of any empirical study that normative implications do not necessarily follow, but we think that many public health sleep recommendations falsely infer these implications from a flawed explanatory account of the (...)
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  10. Mark Solms (2000). Dreaming and Rem Sleep Are Controlled by Different Brain Mechanisms. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 23 (6):843-850.
    The paradigmatic assumption that REM sleep is the physiological equivalent of dreaming is in need of fundamental revision. A mounting body of evidence suggests that dreaming and REM sleep are dissociable states, and that dreaming is controlled by forebrain mechanisms. Recent neuropsychological, radiological, and pharmacological findings suggest that the cholinergic brain stem mechanisms that control the REM state can only generate the psychological phenomena of dreaming through the mediation of a second, probably dopaminergic, forebrain mechanism. The latter mechanism (...)
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  11.  3
    J. M. Siegel (2000). Phylogenetic Data Bearing on the Rem Sleep Learning Connection. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 23 (6):1007-1007.
    The phylogenetic data are inconsistent with the hypothesis that REM sleep duration is correlated with learning or learning ability. Humans do not have uniquely high amounts of REM sleep. The platypus, marsupials, and other mammals not generally thought to have extraordinary learning abilities have the largest amounts of REM sleep. The whales and dolphins (cetaceans) have the lowest amounts of REM sleep and may go without REM sleep for extended periods of time, despite their (...)
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  12.  13
    Tore A. Nielsen (2000). Covert Rem Sleep Effects on Rem Mentation: Further Methodological Considerations and Supporting Evidence. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 23 (6):1040-1057.
    Whereas many researchers see a heuristic potential in the covert REM sleep model for explaining NREM sleep mentation and associated phenomena, many others are unconvinced of its value. At present, there is much circumstantial support for the model, but validation is lacking on many points. Supportive findings from several additional studies are summarized with results from two new studies showing (1) NREM mentation is correlated with duration of prior REM sleep, and (2) REM sleep signs (...)
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  13.  18
    Tore A. Nielsen (2000). A Review of Mentation in Rem and NRem Sleep: “Covert” Rem Sleep as a Possible Reconciliation of Two Opposing Models. [REVIEW] Behavioral and Brain Sciences 23 (6):851-866.
    Numerous studies have replicated the finding of mentation in both rapid eye movement (REM) and nonrapid eye movement (NREM) sleep. However, two different theoretical models have been proposed to account for this finding: (1) a one-generator model, in which mentation is generated by a single set of processes regardless of physiological differences between REM and NREM sleep; and (2) a two-generator model, in which qualitatively different generators produce cognitive activity in the two states. First, research is reviewed demonstrating (...)
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  14.  73
    Matthew P. Walker (2005). A Refined Model of Sleep and the Time Course of Memory Formation. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 28 (1):51-64.
    Research in the neurosciences continues to provide evidence that sleep plays a role in the processes of learning and memory. There is less of a consensus, however, regarding the precise stages of memory development during which sleep is considered a requirement, simply favorable, or not important. This article begins with an overview of recent studies regarding sleep and learning, predominantly in the procedural memory domain, and is measured against our current understanding of the mechanisms that govern memory (...)
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  15.  6
    Shreeya Popat & William Winslade (2015). While You Were Sleepwalking: Science and Neurobiology of Sleep Disorders & the Enigma of Legal Responsibility of Violence During Parasomnia. Neuroethics 8 (2):203-214.
    In terms of medical science and legal responsibility, the sleep disorder category of parasomnias, chiefly REM sleep behavior disorder and somnambulism, pose an enigmatic dilemma. During an episode of parasomnia, individuals are neither awake nor aware, but their actions appear conscious. As these actions move beyond the innocuous, such as eating and blurting out embarrassing information, and enter the realm of rape and homicide, their degree of importance and relevance increases exponentially. Parasomnias that result in illegal activity, particularly (...)
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  16. Owen J. Flanagan (2000). Dreaming Souls: Sleep, Dreams, and the Evolution of the Conscious Mind. Oxford University Press.
    What, if anything, do dreams tell us about ourselves? What is the relationship between types of sleep and types of dreams? Does dreaming serve any purpose? Or are dreams simply meaningless mental noise--"unmusical fingers wandering over the piano keys"? With expertise in philosophy, psychology, and neuroscience, Owen Flanagan is uniquely qualified to answer these questions. In this groundbreaking work, he provides both an accessible survey of the latest research on sleep and dreams and a compelling new theory about (...)
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  17.  28
    W. G. Klooster & H. J. Verkuyl (1972). Measuring Duration in Dutch. Foundations of Language 8 (1):62-96.
    The purpose of this article is to show a structural relationship in Dutch between sentences with the main verb "duren" (last) and specifying complements such as een week (a week) or "drie kwartier" (three quarters of an hour) on the one hand, and sentences with Duration Measuring Adverbials such as "gedurende een week" (for a week), "gedurende die week" (lit: for that week) on the other.
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  18. Marie-Thérèse Saurat, Maité Agbakou, Patricia Attigui, Jean-Louis Golmard & Isabelle Arnulf (2011). Walking Dreams in Congenital and Acquired Paraplegia. Consciousness and Cognition 20 (4):1425-1432.
    To test if dreams contain remote or never-experienced motor skills, we collected during 6 weeks dream reports from 15 paraplegics and 15 healthy subjects. In 9/10 subjects with spinal cord injury and in 5/5 with congenital paraplegia, voluntary leg movements were reported during dream, including feelings of walking , running , dancing , standing up , bicycling , and practicing sports . Paraplegia patients experienced walking dreams just as often as controls . There was no correlation between the frequency of (...)
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  19.  25
    Robert P. Vertes & Kathleen E. Eastman (2000). The Case Against Memory Consolidation in Rem Sleep. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 23 (6):867-876.
    We present evidence disputing the hypothesis that memories are processed or consolidated in REM sleep. A review of REM deprivation (REMD) studies in animals shows these reports to be about equally divided in showing that REMD does, or does not, disrupt learning/memory. The studies supporting a relationship between REM sleep and memory have been strongly criticized for the confounding effects of very stressful REM deprivation techniques. The three major classes of antidepressant drugs, monoamine oxidase inhibitors (MAOIs), tricyclic antidepressants (...)
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  20.  4
    Christopher D. Morris (2015). Derridean Blackmail in The Big Sleep : Allegorizing the Unfixable Mirages of Photography, Film and Criticism. Film-Philosophy 19:304-324.
    Recent criticism has already shown that the notoriously unanswered plot questions of The Big Sleep elicit serious philosophical issues, including skepticism about the validity of interpretation itself. The film allegorizes the reason for this questioning in what Derrida calls the "blackmail" of photography--its coercive claim to represent objective truth. Blackmail arising from photography is the main plot premise of The Big Sleep, but it serves as a figure for the "postal" world of signs divorced from referents, finally epitomized (...)
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  21.  18
    Arjen Kleinherenbrink (2014). Time, Duration and Freedom – Bergson's Critical Move Against Kant. Diametros 39:203-230.
    Research into Bergson’s philosophy downplays a key development in his first work, Time and free will. It is there that Bergson explicitly opposes himself to Kant by arguing that succession is not a temporal concept, but a spatial one. This is the crucial point of departure for Bergson’s entire philosophy, one that allows him to radically dismiss Kant’s notion of freedom in favor of one based on duration and multiplicity. This text has two aims. Firstly to add to Bergson (...)
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  22.  9
    Matthew Wolf‐Meyer (2013). Where Have All Our Naps Gone? Or Nathaniel Kleitman, the Consolidation of Sleep, and the Historiography of Emergence. Anthropology of Consciousness 24 (2):96-116.
    In this article, I focus on two moments of Nathaniel Kleitman's career, specifically that of his Mammoth Cave experiment in the 1930s and his consultation with the United States military in the 1940s–1950s. My interests in bringing these two moments of Kleitman's career together are to examine the role of nature and the social in his understanding of human sleep and the legacies these have engendered for sleep science and medicine in the present; more specifically, I am interested (...)
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  23.  8
    Patrick McNamara, Jayme Dowdall & Sanford Auerbach (2002). Rem Sleep, Early Experience, and the Development of Reproductive Strategies. Human Nature 13 (4):405-435.
    We hypothesize that rapid eye movement or REM sleep evolved, in part, to mediate sexual/reproductive behaviors and strategies. Because development of sexual and mating strategies depends crucially on early attachment experiences, we further hypothesize that REM functions to mediate attachment processes early in life. Evidence for these hypotheses comes from (1) the correlation of REM variables with both attachment and sexual/reproductive variables; (2) attachment-related and sex-related hormonal release during REM; (3) selective activation during REM of brain sites implicated in (...)
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  24.  27
    Corey Anton (2006). Dreamless Sleep and the Whole of Human Life: An Ontological Exposition. [REVIEW] Human Studies 29 (2):181 - 202.
    This paper explores the meaning of dreamless sleep. First, I consider four reasons why we commonly pass over sleep's ontological significance. Second, I compare and contrast death and sleep to show how each is oriented to questions regarding the possibilities of "being-a-whole." In the third and final part, I explore the meaning and implications of "being-toward-sleep," arguing that human existence emerges atop naturally anonymous corporeality (i.e. living being). In sum, I try to show that we can (...)
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  25.  26
    J. Allan Hobson (2002). Sleep and Dream Suppression Following a Lateral Medullary Infarct: A First-Person Account. Consciousness and Cognition 11 (3):377-390.
    Consciousness can be studied only if subjective experience is documented and quantified, yet first-person accounts of the effects of brain injury on conscious experience are as rare as they are potentially useful. This report documents the alterations in waking, sleeping, and dreaming caused by a lateral medullary infarct. Total insomnia and the initial suppression of dreaming was followed by the gradual recovery of both functions. A visual hallucinosis during waking that was associated with the initial period of sleep and (...)
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  26.  19
    Giulio Tononi & Chiara Cirelli (2005). Sleep and Synaptic Homeostasis. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 28 (1):85-85.
    We propose that sleep is linked to synaptic homeostasis. Specifically, we propose that: (1) Wakefulness is associated with synaptic potentiation in cortical circuits; (2) synaptic potentiation is tied to the homeostatic regulation of slow wave activity; (3) slow wave activity is associated with synaptic downscaling; and (4) synaptic downscaling is tied to several beneficial effects of sleep, including performance enhancement.
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  27.  14
    M. Jason Reddoch (2011). Philo of Alexandria’s Use of Sleep and Dreaming as Epistemological Metaphors in Relation to Joseph. International Journal of the Platonic Tradition 5 (2):283-302.
    Dreams are used figuratively throughout Greek literature to refer to something fleeting and/or unreal. In Plato, this metaphorical language is specifically used to describe an epistemological distinction: the one who has false knowledge or opinion is said to be dreaming while the one who has true knowledge is said to be awake. These figures are also central to Philo of Alexandria's philosophical language in De somniis 1-2 and De Iosepho. Although scholars have documented these epistemological metaphors in Plato and related (...)
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  28.  6
    David H. Fleming (2013). Charcoal Matter with Memory: Images of Movement, Time and Duration in the Animated Films of William Kentridge. Film-Philosophy 17 (1):402-423.
    In his temporal philosophy based on the writing of Henri Bergson, Gilles Deleuze describes duration ( durée ) as a becoming that endures in time. Reifications of this complex philosophical concept become artistically expressed, I argue, in the form and content of South African artist William Kentridge's series of 'charcoal drawings for projection.' These exhibited art works provide intriguing and illuminating 'philosophical' examples of animated audio-visual media, which expressively plicate distinct images of movement and time. The composition of Kentridge's (...)
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  29.  5
    Megan Brown (2004). Taking Care of Business: Self-Help and Sleep Medicine in American Corporate Culture. Journal of Medical Humanities 25 (3):173-187.
    This article argues that corporate management in the United States has expanded its scope beyond office walls and encompasses many aspects of workers' daily lives. One new element of corporate training is the micromanagement of sleep; self-help books, newspaper reports, magazine articles, and consulting firms currently advise workers and supervisors on optimizing productivity by cultivating certain sleep habits. Although consultants and self-help books make specific recommendations about sleep, most medical research is inconclusive about sleep's benefits for (...)
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  30. Mircea Steriade (1978). Cortical Long-Axoned Cells and Putative Interneurons During the Sleep-Waking Cycle. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 1 (3):465.
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  31. Geoffrey Lee, Subjective Duration.
  32.  81
    Allan Rechtschaffen (1997). Current Perspectives on the Function of Sleep. Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 41 (3):359-390.
  33.  6
    O. J. Harvey & Donald T. Campbell (1963). Judgments of Weight as Affected by Adaptation Range, Adaptation Duration, Magnitude of Unlabeled Anchor, and Judgmental Language. Journal of Experimental Psychology 65 (1):12.
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  34.  13
    Glenn Gunzelmann, Joshua B. Gross, Kevin A. Gluck & David F. Dinges (2009). Sleep Deprivation and Sustained Attention Performance: Integrating Mathematical and Cognitive Modeling. Cognitive Science 33 (5):880-910.
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  35. Antony Eagle (2010). Duration in Relativistic Spacetime. In Dean Zimmerman (ed.), Oxford Studies in Metaphysics, volume 5. Oxford University Press 113-17.
    In ‘Location and Perdurance’ (2010), I argued that there are no compelling mereological or sortal grounds requiring the perdurantist to distinguish the molecule Abel from the atom Abel in Gilmore’s original case (2007). The remaining issue Gilmore originally raised concerned the ‘mass history’ of Adam and Abel, the distribution of ‘their’ mass over spacetime. My response to this issue was to admit that mass histories needed to be relativised to a way of partitioning the location of Adam/Abel, but that did (...)
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  36. Owen J. Flanagan (1995). Deconstructing Dreams: The Spandrels of Sleep. Journal of Philosophy 92 (1):5-27.
  37.  24
    Edwin M. Robertson, Alvaro Pascual-Leone & Daniel Z. Press (2004). Awareness Modifies the Skill-Learning Benefits of Sleep. Current Biology 14 (3):208-212.
  38.  15
    William Dement & Nathaniel Kleitman (1957). The Relation of Eye Movements During Sleep to Dream Activity: An Objective Method for the Study of Dreaming. Journal of Experimental Psychology 53 (5):339.
  39.  1
    David R. Powell Jr & Charles C. Perkins Jr (1957). Strength of Secondary Reinforcement as a Determiner of the Effects of Duration of Goal Response on Learning. Journal of Experimental Psychology 53 (2):106.
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  40.  16
    Davis H. Howes & R. L. Solomon (1951). Visual Duration Threshold as a Function of Word-Probability. Journal of Experimental Psychology 41 (6):401.
  41.  13
    Christian Domingo & Laura Vigil (2011). Effectiveness of Unattended Ambulatory Sleep Studies for the Diagnosis and Treatment of OSAS. Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 17 (1):26-31.
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  42.  3
    Lawrence Karlin (1959). Reaction Time as a Function of Foreperiod Duration and Variability. Journal of Experimental Psychology 58 (2):185.
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  43.  4
    J. A. Hobson, R. Lydic & H. A. Baghdoyan (1986). Evolving Concepts of Sleep Cycle Generation: From Brain Centers to Neuronal Populations. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 9 (3):371.
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  44. Allan Hobson (2004). A Model for Madness? Dream Consciousness: Our Understanding of the Neurobiology of Sleep Offers Insight Into Abnormalities in the Waking Brain. Nature 430 (6995):21.
  45.  6
    Stephen Buetow (2004). Patient Experience of Time Duration: Strategies for 'Slowing Time' and 'Accelerating Time' in General Practices. Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 10 (1):21-25.
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  46.  12
    Charles W. Simon & William H. Emmons (1956). Responses to Material Presented During Various Levels of Sleep. Journal of Experimental Psychology 51 (2):89.
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  47.  61
    Gustav Bergmann (1960). Duration and the Specious Present. Philosophy of Science 27 (January):39-47.
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  48.  12
    Terry R. Barrett & Bruce R. Ekstrand (1972). Effect of Sleep on Memory: III. Controlling for Time-of-Day Effects. Journal of Experimental Psychology 96 (2):321.
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  49.  9
    Oscar S. Adams, Davis J. Chambliss & Arthur J. Riopelle (1955). Stimulus Area, Stimulus Dispersion, Flash Duration, and the Scotopic Threshold. Journal of Experimental Psychology 49 (6):428.
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  50.  6
    David Raab & Elizabeth Fehrer (1962). Supplementary Report: The Effect of Stimulus Duration and Luminance on Visual Reaction Time. Journal of Experimental Psychology 64 (3):326.
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