Search results for 'social Darwinism' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Christine Clavien (forthcoming). Evolution, Society, and Ethics: Social Darwinism Versus Evolutionary Ethics. In Thomas Heams (ed.), Handbook of Evolutionary Biology (provis. Title). Springer
    Evolutionary ethics (EE) is a branch of philosophy that arouses both fascination and deep suspicion. It claims that Darwinian mechanisms and evolutionary data on animal sociality are relevant to ethical reflection. This field of study is often misunderstood and rarely fails to conjure up images of Social Darwinism as a vector for nasty ideologies and policies. However, it is worth resisting the temptation to reduce EE to Social Darwinism and developing an objective analysis of whether it (...)
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    Jyh-Shen Chiou & Lee-Yun Pan (2008). The Impact of Social Darwinism Perception, Status Anxiety, Perceived Trust of People, and Cultural Orientation on Consumer Ethical Beliefs. Journal of Business Ethics 78 (4):487 - 502.
    This study intends to explore the effects of political, social and cultural values on consumers’ ethical beliefs regarding questionable consumption behaviors. The variables examined include status anxiety, social Darwinism perception, perceived trust of people, and cultural orientation. Based on a field survey in Taiwan, the results showed that consumers with low ethical beliefs have higher perception of social Darwinism and status anxiety than consumers possess neutral and high ethical beliefs. The result also showed that the (...)
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  3.  26
    Alexander Rosenberg (2000). Darwinism in Philosophy, Social Science, and Policy. Cambridge University Press.
    A collection of essays by Alexander Rosenberg, the distinguished philosopher of science. The essays cover three broad areas related to Darwinian thought and naturalism: the first deals with the solution of philosophical problems such as reductionism, the second with the development of social theories, and the third with the intersection of evolutionary biology with economics, political philosophy, and public policy. Specific papers deal with naturalistic epistemology, the limits of reductionism, the biological justification of ethics, the so-called 'trolley problem' in (...)
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  4. D. P. Crook (2009). Benjamin Kidd: Portrait of a Social Darwinist. Cambridge University Press.
    This is an intellectual biography of Benjamin Kidd, a leading Social Darwinist in the years before World War I, and a social prophet in the tradition of Comte and Spencer. His first book Social Evolution, published in 1894, was an immediate and enormous success around the world. In it, Kidd developed a collectivist form of Social Darwinism in tune with the values of Progressivism in America and the 'new liberalism' in Britain. By many it was (...)
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  5.  8
    Hugo Letiche (1999). Emergence: Cyborgs Versus Cognitivist (Social) Darwinism. Emergence: Complexity and Organization 1 (3):16-36.
    The rob of knowledge workers in our society is an increasing focus of press and academic attention. Letiche suggests that knowledge workers often both work in and create "McDonaldized" simulacra, i.e. spaces for action that are less than real. He argues that the very concept of organizing is challenged by the tensions implicit in t h semi-ness of the semi-reality of subspaces. The arena for his argument is that of information technology. The language of his argument is that of identity, (...)
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  6.  6
    Sherrie Cross (1996). Prestige and Comfort: The Development of Social Darwinism in Early Meiji Japan, and the Role of Edward Sylvester Morse. Annals of Science 53 (4):323-344.
    The importation of Spencerism and Social Darwinism into Japan in the early Meiji era occurred against a background of rapid economic and industrial change which provoked widespread political unrest. This accelerated modernization was forced by Western demands for trade liberalization and the threat of Western imperialism. In this context, selected elements of Western scientific naturalism and liberalism could provide a prestigious ratification of élite agendas for the management of change, provided they could be made culturally recognizable. It is (...)
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  7.  6
    Thomas McCarthy (2007). The Natural Order of Things: Social Darwinism and White Supremacy. Contemporary Pragmatism 4 (1):7-24.
    This article examines racial theories of development in connection with Kant; America exceptionalism, nationalism, and nativism; and the transformation of manifest destiny into a racial destiny. It then focuses on the forms of social Darwinist thinking that pervaded and dominated American intellectual life toward the end of the nineteenth century, as well as the chief ideological uses to which this new racial imaginary was put in domestic and foreign affairs. Finally, it sketches the decline of this dominant ideology and (...)
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    Daniel Becquemont (2011). Social Darwinism: From Reality to Myth and From Myth to Reality. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C 42 (1):12-19.
    Considering the variety of contradictory definitions which have been attributed to the term in the course of more than a century, one may be tempted to admit that ‘Social Darwinism’ can be reduced to a social myth. But it seems nevertheless necessary to answer the question: what has been called ‘Social Darwinism’ for more than one century and why was the expression used in a negative way to express contradictory opinions which sometimes have nothing to (...)
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    Joseph Frazier Wall (1976). Social Darwinism and Constitutional Law with Special Reference toLochner V. New York. Annals of Science 33 (5):465-476.
    American historians have generally accepted Richard Hofstadter's thesis that the scientism of Social Darwinism, or more appropriately, Spencerianism, dominated American thought in the late nineteenth and early twentieth century, and nowhere more enthusiastically or more purposively than within the conservative business community, which used Herbert Spencer's scientism to justify corporate business practices and to rewrite American Constitutional law to protect property interests against governmental regulations. Following Sharlin's general exposition of Herbert Spencer's scientism, this paper examines in detail the (...)
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  10. Stuart K. Hayashi (2015). Hunting Down Social Darwinism: Will This Canard Go Extinct? Lexington Books.
    Hunting Down Social Darwinism addresses the manner in which free-market advocacy is often criticized as social Darwinism. It explores the term’s meaning and the reasons such criticisms prove to be misleading. Hayashi examines whether it is fair to describe nineteenth-century free-market advocates Spencer and Sumner as social Darwinists.
     
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  11. Vladimir Tikhonov (2010). Social Darwinism and Nationalism in Korea: The Beginnings : "Survival" as an Ideology of Korean Modernity. Brill.
    The book deals with the influences exerted by Social Darwinism upon Korea’s modern ideologies and discourses in the 1880s-1900s. It argues that Social Darwinism constituted the main keystone for many pivotal discourses in early modern Korea, especially nationalism.
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  12.  45
    Beth Eddy (2010). Struggle or Mutual Aid: Jane Addams, Petr Kropotkin, and the Progressive Encounter with Social Darwinism. The Pluralist 5 (1):21-43.
    The year is 1901. Two minor celebrities from opposite corners of the globe share an evening meal in Chicago. Both are politically left-leaning, both are evolutionists of a sort, both are concerned with the plight of the poor in the face of the escalation of the Industrial Revolution. The Russian man has been giving a series of lectures to the people of Chicago; he is staying at the American woman's settlement house-Hull House. They are Jane Addams, Chicago's activist social (...)
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    William R. Patterson (2005). The Greatest Good for the Most Fit? John Stuart Mill, Thomas Henry Huxley, and Social Darwinism. Journal of Social Philosophy 36 (1):72–84.
  14.  5
    H. E. Smit (1992). Book Reviews : Howard L. Kaye, The Social Meaning of Modern Biology: From Social Darwinism to Sociobiology. Yale University Press, New Haven, CT,1986. Pp. 184, $9.95 (Paper. [REVIEW] Philosophy of the Social Sciences 22 (4):531-534.
  15.  5
    Paul Heyer (1986). Social Darwinism: A Radical Fringe? Philosophy of the Social Sciences 16 (2):233-237.
  16. Alexander Alland (forthcoming). Darwinian Sociology Without Social Darwinism? Social Research.
     
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  17. Harry E. Smit (1992). "The Social Meaning of Modern Biology: From Social Darwinism to Sociobiology", by Howard L. Kaye. [REVIEW] Philosophy of the Social Sciences 22 (4):531.
     
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  18. J. Roucloux (2002). Can Democracy Survive the Disgust of Man for Man? From Social Darwinism to Eugenics. Diogenes 49 (195):47-50.
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    Gregory Claeys (2000). The "Survival of the Fittest" and the Origins of Social Darwinism. Journal of the History of Ideas 61 (2):223-240.
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  20. Paul Crook (2008). Darwin's Coat-Tails: Essays on Social Darwinism. Journal of the History of Biology 41 (3):577-579.
     
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  21. Daniel Gasman (1971). The Scientific Origins of National Socialism: Social Darwinism in Ernst Haeckel and the German Monist League. New York,American Elsevier.
  22.  25
    Mary Midgley (1983). Selfish Genes and Social Darwinism. Philosophy 58 (225):365.
    Exchanging views in Philosophy with a two-year time-lag is getting rather like conversation with the Andromeda Nebula. I am distressed that my reply to Messrs Mackie and Dawkins, explaining what made me write so crossly about The Selfish Gene , has been so long delayed. Mr Mackie's sudden death in December 1981 adds a further dimension to this distress.
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  23.  10
    Joseph L. Blau (1945). Social Darwinism in American Thought, 1860-1915. [REVIEW] Journal of Philosophy 42 (7):191-193.
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  24.  3
    Richard Hofstadter (1945). Social Darwinism in American Thought, 1860-1915. Journal of Philosophy 42 (7):191-193.
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  25.  2
    Richard Weikart (1993). The Origins of Social Darwinism in Germany, 1859-1895. Journal of the History of Ideas 54 (3):469-488.
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  26.  3
    Diane B. Paul (2003). 9 Darwin, Social Darwinism and Eugenics. In J. Hodges & Gregory Radick (eds.), The Cambridge Companion to Darwin. Cambridge University Press 214.
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  27.  2
    Paul Weindling (1998). Dissecting German Social Darwinism: Historicizing the Biology of the Organic State. Science in Context 11 (3-4).
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  28.  5
    Paul B. Rich (1994). Social Darwinism, Anthropology and English Perspectives of the Irish, 1867–1900. History of European Ideas 19 (4-6):777-785.
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  29.  5
    Debra B. Bergoffen (1983). Social Darwinism and English Thought. Teaching Philosophy 6 (4):396-398.
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    Adam C. Scarfe (2010). On Religious Violence and Social Darwinism in the New Atheism: Toward a Critical Panselectionism. American Journal of Theology and Philosophy 31 (1):53-70.
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  31.  8
    Stig I. Rosenlund (1986). Social Darwinist Aspects of Utility and Probability. Theory and Decision 20 (2):123-132.
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  32.  8
    Paul Crook (1998). Social Darwinism and British “New Imperialism”: Second Thoughts. The European Legacy 3 (1):1-16.
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  33.  7
    Michael Jerome Carella (1977). Instinct, Learning and the New Social Darwinism. Modern Schoolman 54 (2):137-148.
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  34.  3
    Richard Weikart (1998). Laissez‐Faire Social Darwinism and Individualist Competition in Darwin and Huxley. The European Legacy 3 (1):17-30.
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  35.  6
    M. Ruse (2002). Social Darwinism Updated? - The Temptations of Evolutionary Ethicspaul Lawrence Farber; University of California Press, Berkeley, CA, Los Angeles, CA, & London, 1994, Pp. XI + 210, Price US$40.00 Hardback, ISBN 0-520-08773-9, Price US$16.95 Paperback, ISBN 0-520-21369-6darwinian Natural Right: The Biological Ethics of Human Naturelarry Arnhart; SUNY Press, New York, 1998, Pp. XII + 322, Price US$26.50 Hardback, ISBN 0-7914-3693-. [REVIEW] Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C 33 (4):753-760.
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  36.  16
    Jenny Teichman (2008). Darwin's Coat-Tails: Essays on Social Darwinism - by Paul Crook. Journal of Applied Philosophy 25 (4):350-353.
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  37.  4
    Emily R. Grace & Mf Ashley Montagu (forthcoming). More on Social Darwinism. Science and Society.
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  38.  8
    André Béjin (1983). Toward the Semantic History of Social Darwinism: Georges Vacher de Lapouge's Theory of “Social Selections”. Graduate Faculty Philosophy Journal 9 (2):129-150.
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  39.  1
    Jyh-Shen Chiou & Lee-Yun Pan (2008). The Impact of Social Darwinism Perception, Status Anxiety, Perceived Trust of People, and Cultural Orientation on Consumer Ethical Beliefs. Journal of Business Ethics 78 (4):487-502.
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  40.  4
    Paul Crook (1996). Social Darwinism: The Concept. History of European Ideas 22 (4):261-274.
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  41. Ted Benton (1982). Social Darwinism and Socialist Darwinism in Germany: 1860 to 1900. Rivista di Filosofia 22:79.
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  42.  3
    Mike Hawkins (1996). Durkheim,The Division of Labour, and Social Darwinism. History of European Ideas 22 (1):19-31.
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  43.  7
    Derek Brereton (2007). How Does Human Nature Relate to Nature? Review of Social Darwinism: Linking Evolutionary Thought to Social Theory by Peter Dickens. Journal of Critical Realism 4 (1).
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  44.  8
    David Oates (1988). Social Darwinism and Natural Theodicy. Zygon 23 (4):439-459.
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  45.  2
    L. Taylor (1983). 'Book Reviews: The Soccer Tribe by Desmond Morris, London: Jonathan Cape, 1981, Pp 320, 12.50 'There has Been an Extraordinary Revival of Some of the Crudest Forms of Social Darwinism, with Emphasis on the Inherent and Controlling Force of the Aggressive Instinct, the Territorial Imperative, the Genetically Determined Hunter, the Lower 'Beast' Brain and so On. These Crude Evasions of Historical and Cultural Variation, These Even Cruder Rationalisations of the Crises of the Imperialist and Capitalist Social Order, Have to Be Patiently Analysed and Refuted, Point by Point. [REVIEW] Theory, Culture and Society 1 (3):163-166.
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  46.  1
    David H. Burton (1965). Theodore Roosevelt's Social Darwinism and Views on Imperialism. Journal of the History of Ideas 26 (1):103.
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  47.  1
    Emily R. Grace & M. F. Ashley Montagu (1942). More on Social Darwinism. Science and Society 6 (1):71 - 78.
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  48.  1
    Christopher Shaw (1987). Eliminating the Yahoo--Eugenics, Social Darwinism and Five Fabians. History of Political Thought 8 (3):521.
  49.  5
    Sj Louis Caruana (2008). A Neglected Difficulty with Social Darwinism. Heythrop Journal 49 (4):652-658.
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  50.  2
    J. B. S. Haldane (1941). Concerning Social Darwinism. Science and Society 5 (4):373 - 375.
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