Search results for 'social dominance' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. John S. Wilkins (2015). Gods Above: Naturalizing Religion in Terms of Our Shared Ape Social Dominance Behavior. Sophia 54 (1):77-92.
    To naturalize religion, we must identify what religion is, and what aspects of it we are trying to explain. In this paper, religious social institutional behavior is the explanatory target, and an explanatory hypothesis based on shared primate social dominance psychology is given. The argument is that various religious features, including the high status afforded the religious, and the high status afforded to deities, are an expression of this social dominance psychology in a context for (...)
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  2.  14
    Mahdi Muhammad Moosa & S. M. Minhaz Ud-Dean (2011). The Role of Dominance Hierarchy in the Evolution of Social Species. Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour 41 (2):203-208.
    A number of animal species from different lineages live socially. One of the features of social living is the formation of dominance hierarchy. Despite its obvious benefit in the survival probability of the species, the hierarchical structureitself poses psychological and physiological burden leading to the chronic activation of stress related pathways. Considering these apparently conflicting observations, here we propose that social hierarchy can act as a selective force in the evolution of social species. We also discuss (...)
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  3.  4
    YanYan Zhou, Rony Berger, Ting-Ting Shiue, Philip Zimbardo, James Doty, Tim Rossomando, Yotam Heineberg, Emma Seppala & Daniel Martin (2015). Multiple Facets of Compassion: The Impact of Social Dominance Orientation and Economic Systems Justification. Journal of Business Ethics 129 (1):237-249.
    Business students appear predisposed to select disciplines consistent with pre-existing worldviews. These disciplines then further reinforce the worldviews which may not always be adaptive. For example, high levels of Social Dominance Orientation is a trait often found in business school students :691–721, 1991). SDO is a competitive and hierarchical worldview and belief-system that ascribes people to higher or lower social rankings. While research suggests that high levels of SDO may be linked to lower levels of empathy, research (...)
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  4.  3
    Guido Caniglia (2015). Understanding Societies From Inside the Organisms. Leo Pardi’s Work on Social Dominance in Polistes Wasps. Journal of the History of Biology 48 (3):455-486.
    Leo Pardi was the initiator of ethological research in Italy. During more than 50 years of active scientific career, he gave groundbreaking contributions to the understanding of social life in insects, especially in Polistes wasps, an important model organism in sociobiology. In the 1940s, Pardi showed that Polistes societies are organized in a linear social hierarchy that relies on reproductive dominance and on the physiological and developmental mechanisms that regulate it, i.e. on the status of ovarian development (...)
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  5.  6
    Rui F. Oliveira (1998). Of Fish and Men: A Comparative Approach to Androgens and Social Dominance. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 21 (3):383-384.
    Four aspects of Mazur & Booth's target article are discussed from a comparative perspective using teleost fish as a reference: (a) the relationship between aggression, dominance, and androgens; (b) the interpretation of the data in light of the challenge hypothesis; (c) the potential role of testosterone as a physiological mediator between social status and the expression of male characters; and (d) the fact that metabolic conversions of testosterone may be important in its effect on aggression/ dominance.
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  6.  8
    Jennifer Landa, Stacey Finkelstein & Kimberly Rios (2015). Is There a “Fair” in Fair-Trade? Social Dominance Orientation Influences Perceptions of and Preferences for Fair-Trade Products. Journal of Business Ethics 130 (1):171-180.
    In recent years, there has been a surge in popularity of the fair-trade industry, which seeks to improve trading conditions and to promote the rights of marginalized workers. Although research suggests that fair-trade products are perceived as promoting social and economic responsibility, some individuals—namely, those who seek to maintain existing group inequalities or those induced to think inequality is a good thing—may not share this perception. Across three studies, we found that SDO relates negatively to fair-trade consumption, and this (...)
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  7.  8
    Donné van der Westhuizen & Mark Solms (2015). Social Dominance and the Affective Neuroscience Personality Scales. Consciousness and Cognition 33:90-111.
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  8.  2
    P. L. Bates, D. J. Langenes & D. L. Clark (1973). Reliability of Social Dominance in Guinea Pigs. Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 2 (4):229-230.
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  9.  1
    Shlomo Hareli, Shlomo David & Ursula Hess (forthcoming). The Role of Emotion Transition for the Perception of Social Dominance and Affiliation. Cognition and Emotion:1-11.
  10.  3
    J. Martin Ramirez (1980). Behavioral Parameters of Social Dominance in Rats. Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 15 (2):96-98.
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  11.  3
    Dennis L. Clark, Karen L. Kessler & John E. Dillon (1973). Long-Term Stability of Pairwise Social Dominance in Squirrel Monkeys. Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 2 (4):203-205.
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  12. Valerie Grissom, Miguel M. Torres, Olga Kovbasyuk, Theophilus B. A. Addo & Maria Cristina Ferreira (forthcoming). The Relationship Between Social Cynicism Belief, Social Dominance Orientation, and the Perception of Unethical Behavior: A Cross-Cultural Examination in Russia, Portugal, and the United States. Journal of Business Ethics.
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  13. Theodore D. Kemper (1993). Social Dominance Attainment, Testosterone, Libido and Reproductive Success. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 16 (2):298.
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  14. C. T. Lee, Paul T.-P. Wong & Jawsy Chen (1974). Durable Partial Reinforcement Effect and Social Dominance in Two Inbred Mouse Strains. Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 4 (4):400-402.
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  15.  4
    David Terburg & Jack van Honk (2013). Approach–Avoidance Versus Dominance–Submissiveness: A Multilevel Neural Framework on How Testosterone Promotes Social Status. Emotion Review 5 (3):296-302.
    Approach–avoidance generally describes appetitive motivation and fear of punishment. In a social context approach motivation is, however, also expressed as social aggression and dominance. We therefore link approach–avoidance to dominance–submissiveness, and provide a neural framework that describes how the steroid hormone testosterone shifts reflexive as well as deliberate behaviors towards dominance and promotion of social status. Testosterone inhibits acute fear at the level of the basolateral amygdala and hypothalamus and promotes reactive dominance through (...)
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  16.  3
    Elizabeth Levy Paluck (2012). The Dominance of the Individual in Intergroup Relations Research: Understanding Social Change Requires Psychological Theories of Collective and Structural Phenomena. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 35 (6):443-444.
    Dixon et al. suggest that the psychological literature on intergroup relations should shift from theorizing to A focus on social change exposes the importance of psychological theories involving collective phenomena like social norms and institutions. Individuals' attitudes and emotions may follow, rather than cause, changes in social norms and institutional arrangements.
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  17.  4
    Kevin J. Flannelly & Robert J. Blanchard (1981). Dominance: Cause or Description of Social Relationships? Behavioral and Brain Sciences 4 (3):438.
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  18.  13
    Kees van der Pijl (2003). The Global Gamble - Washington's Faustian Bid for World Dominance Peter Gowan and Global Social Policy - International Organizations and the Future of Welfare Bob Deacon with Michelle Hulse and Paul Stubbs. Historical Materialism 11 (3):201-213.
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  19.  2
    Peter E. Maxim (1981). Dominance: A Useful Dimension of Social Communication. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 4 (3):444.
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  20.  2
    John L. Hammond (2012). Ann Ferguson, a Feminist Philosopher and Social Justice Activist, is an Emerita Professor of Philosophy and Women, Gender, and Sexuality Stud-Ies at the University of Massachusetts, Amherst. She has Written Numer-Ous Articles on Feminist Theory, Ethics, and Politics; Written Two Books, Blood at the Root: Motherhood, Sexuality, and Male Dominance (1989) And. In Anatole Anton Anton & Richard Schmitt (eds.), Taking Socialism Seriously. Lexington Books 263.
  21.  1
    B. Easlea (1996). Bourdieu, P (1977) Outline of a Theory of Practice, Cambridge Studies in Social Anthropology, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Cockburn, C.(1985) Machinery of Dominance: Women, Men and Technical Know-How, London: Pluto Press, de Beauvoir. S.(1949/1972) The Second Sex, Transl. HM Parshley. Harmondsworth. [REVIEW] In Nancy Duncan (ed.), Bodyspace: Destabilizing Geographies of Gender and Sexuality. Routledge 26--1.
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  22. K. Simitopoulou & N. I. Xirotiris (2000). The Human Genome Project The Dominance of Economy on Science-Ethical and Social Implications. Global Bioethics 13 (3-4):43-52.
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  23. K. van der Pijl (2003). On Peter Gowan's The Global Gamble-Washington's Faustian Bid for World Dominance and on Bob Deacon's (with Michelle Hulse and Paul Stubbs) Global Social Policy-International Organizations and the Future of Welfare. Historical Materialism 11:201-214.
     
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  24.  41
    Andrew M. Colman (2003). Cooperation, Psychological Game Theory, and Limitations of Rationality in Social Interaction. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 26 (2):139-153.
    Rational choice theory enjoys unprecedented popularity and influence in the behavioral and social sciences, but it generates intractable problems when applied to socially interactive decisions. In individual decisions, instrumental rationality is defined in terms of expected utility maximization. This becomes problematic in interactive decisions, when individuals have only partial control over the outcomes, because expected utility maximization is undefined in the absence of assumptions about how the other participants will behave. Game theory therefore incorporates not only rationality but also (...)
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  25.  13
    Udo Ebert (2010). Dominance Criteria for Welfare Comparisons: Using Equivalent Income to Describe Differences in Needs. [REVIEW] Theory and Decision 69 (1):55-67.
    The article demonstrates that the dominance approach—often used for the measurement of welfare in a population in which there are different household types (see e.g., Atkinson and Bourguignon, Arrow and the foundations of the theory of economic policy, 350–370, 1987)—can be based on explicit value judgments on the households’ living standard. We define living standard by equivalent income (functions) and consider classes of inequality averse social welfare functions: Welfare increases if the inequality of living standard is decreased. In (...)
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  26.  1
    Devon D. Brewer (1995). The Social Structural Basis of the Organization of Persons in Memory. Human Nature 6 (4):379-403.
    This paper summarizes and discusses three studies of patterns in the recall of persons in socially bounded communities. Individual sin three different communities (a graduate academic program, a religious fellowship, and a department in a formal organization) free-listed the names of persons in their respective communities. Results indicate that the individuals in each community share a common cognitive structure of community members that is based on the community’s social structure. These studies, combined with the results of other research, strongly (...)
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  27.  14
    Bella L. Galperin, Rebecca J. Bennett & Karl Aquino (2011). Status Differentiation and the Protean Self: A Social-Cognitive Model of Unethical Behavior in Organizations. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 98 (3):407 - 424.
    Based on social-cognitive theory, this article proposes a model that seeks to explain why high status organizational members engage in unethical behavior. We argue that status differentiation in organizations creates social isolation which initiates activation of high status group identity and a deactivation of moral identity. We further argue that high status group identity results in insensitivity to the needs of out-group members which, in turn, results in lessened motivation to selfregulate ethical decision making. As a result of (...)
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  28.  16
    Valerie Rosenblatt (2012). Hierarchies, Power Inequalities, and Organizational Corruption. Journal of Business Ethics 111 (2):237-251.
    This article uses social dominance theory (SDT) to explore the dynamic and systemic nature of the initiation and maintenance of organizational corruption. Rooted in the definition of organizational corruption as misuse of power or position for personal or organizational gain, this work suggests that organizational corruption is driven by the individual and institutional tendency to structure societies as group-based social hierarchies. SDT describes a series of factors and processes across multiple levels of analysis that systemically contribute to (...)
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  29.  2
    Lorne Campbell, Jeffry A. Simpson, Mark Stewart & John G. Manning (2002). The Formation of Status Hierarchies in Leaderless Groups. Human Nature 13 (3):345-362.
    Two studies examined the link between social dominance and male waist-to-hip ratio (WHR). Groups of four men interacted in a leaderless group discussion. In both studies, men with higher WHRs (associated with current and long-term health status) were rated by other group members as behaving more leader-like when an observer was present, and rated themselves as being more assertive. In Study 2, men with higher WHRs were rated by independent observers as behaving more dominantly, but only when the (...)
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  30. Kelly Oliver (2004). The Colonization of Psychic Space a Psychoanalytic Social Theory of Oppression. Monograph Collection (Matt - Pseudo).
  31.  3
    Michael Harris Bond (2015). How I Am Constructing Culture‐Inclusive Theories of Social‐Psychological Process in Our Age of Globalization. Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour 45 (1):26-39.
    Accepting Cole's the premise that, “cultural-inclusive psychology has been … an elusive goal” but one worth striving to attain, I first set out to identify my domain of interest and competence as an intellectual. Deciding it to be social interaction between individuals, I then searched out theoretical approaches to this domain that encompassed as many approaches to this trans-historical concern that have emerged from cultural traditions bequeathing us their legacies. Doing this search comprehensively required me to move outside (...)
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  32.  1
    Carolyn R. Hodges-Simeon, Steven J. C. Gaulin & David A. Puts (2010). Different Vocal Parameters Predict Perceptions of Dominance and Attractiveness. Human Nature 21 (4):406-427.
    Low mean fundamental frequency (F 0) in men’s voices has been found to positively influence perceptions of dominance by men and attractiveness by women using standardized speech. Using natural speech obtained during an ecologically valid social interaction, we examined relationships between multiple vocal parameters and dominance and attractiveness judgments. Male voices from an unscripted dating game were judged by men for physical and social dominance and by women in fertile and non-fertile menstrual cycle phases for (...)
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  33.  10
    Wendy Lipworth, Miles Little, Pippa Markham, Jill Gordon & Ian Kerridge (2013). Doctors on Status and Respect: A Qualitative Study. [REVIEW] Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 10 (2):205-217.
    While doctors generally enjoy considerable status, some believe that this is increasingly threatened by consumerism, managerialism, and competition from other health professions. Research into doctors’ perceptions of the changes occurring in medicine has provided some insights into how they perceive and respond to these changes but has generally failed to distinguish clearly between concerns about “status,” related to the entitlements associated with one’s position in a social hierarchy, and concerns about “respect,” related to being held in high regard for (...)
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  34.  31
    Denise Dellarosa Cummins (1996). Dominance Hierarchies and the Evolution of Human Reasoning. Minds and Machines 6 (4):463-480.
    Research from ethology and evolutionary biology indicates the following about the evolution of reasoning capacity. First, solving problems of social competition and cooperation have direct impact on survival rates and reproductive success. Second, the social structure that evolved from this pressure is the dominance hierarchy. Third, primates that live in large groups with complex dominance hierarchies also show greater neocortical development, and concomitantly greater cognitive capacity. These facts suggest that the necessity of reasoning effectively about (...) hierarchies left an indelible mark on primate reasoning architectures, including that of humans. In order to survive in a dominance hierarchy, an individual must be capable of (a) making rank discriminations, (b) recognizing what is forbidden and what is permitted based one's rank, and (c) deciding whether to engage in or refriin from activities that will allow one to move up in rank. The first problem is closely tied to the capacity for transitive reasoning, while the second and third are intimately related to the capacity for deontic reasoning. I argue that the human capacity for these types of reasoning have evolutionary roots that reach deeper into our ancestral past than the emergence of the hominid line, and the operation of these evolutionarily primitive reasoning systems can be seen in the development of human reasoning and domain-specific effects in adult reasoning. (shrink)
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  35. Casper Bruun Jensen (2008). Power, Technology and Social Studies of Health Care: An Infrastructural Inversion. [REVIEW] Health Care Analysis 16 (4):355-374.
    Power, dominance, and hierarchy are prevalent analytical terms in social studies of health care. Power is often seen as residing in medical structures, institutions, discourses, or ideologies. While studies of medical power often draw on Michel Foucault, this understanding is quite different from his proposal to study in detail the “strategies, the networks, the mechanisms, all those techniques by which a decision is accepted” [Foucault, M. (1988). In Politics, philosophy, culture: Interviews and other writings 1977–84 (pp. 96–109). New (...)
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  36. Emilian Mihailov (2015). Does the Origin of Normativity Stem From the Internalization of Dominance Hierarchies? Symposion: Theoretical and Applied Inquiries in Philosophy and Social Sciences 2 (4):463–478.
    Many natural scientists explain the evolutionary origin of morality by documenting altruistic behaviour in our nearest nonhuman relatives. Christine Korsgaard has criticized such attempts on the premise that they do not put enough effort in explaining the capacity to be motivated by normative thoughts. She speculates that normative motivation may have originated with the internalization of the dominance instincts. In this article I will challenge the dominance hierarchy hypothesis by arguing that a proper investigation into how and when (...)
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  37.  14
    Christopher Boehm (2000). Conflict and the Evolution of Social Control. Journal of Consciousness Studies 7 (1-2):1-2.
    With an interest in origins, it is proposed that conflict within the group can be taken as a natural focus for exploring the evolutionary development of human moral communities. Morality today involves social control but also the management of conflicts within the group. It is hypothesized that early manifestations of morality involved the identification and collective suppression of behaviours likely to cause such conflict. By triangulation the mutual ancestor of humans and the two Pan species lived in pronounced (...) dominance hierarchies, and made largely individualized efforts to damp conflict within the group, exhibiting consolation, reconciliation, and active pacifying intervention behaviour. It is particularly the active interventions that can be linked with social control as we know it. It is proposed that when this process became collectivized, and when language permitted the definition and tracking of proscribed behaviour, full-blown morality was on its way. Because early humans lived in egalitarian bands, a likely candidate for the first behaviour to be labelled as morally deviant is not the incest taboo but bullying behaviour, of the type that egalitarian humans today universally proscribe and suppress. (shrink)
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  38. Denise Dellarosa Cummins (2000). How the Social Environment Shaped the Evolution of Mind. Synthese 122 (1-2):3 - 28.
    Dominance hierarchies are ubiquitous in the societies of human and non-human animals. Evidence from comparative, developmental, and cognitive psychological investigations is presented that show how social dominance hierarchies shaped the evolution of the human mind, and hence, human social institutions. It is argued that the pressures that arise from living in hierarchical social groups laid a foundation of fundamental concepts and cognitive strategies that are crucial to surviving in social dominance hierarchies. These include (...)
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  39.  14
    Rana Jawad (2007). Human Ethics and Welfare Particularism: An Exploration of the Social Welfare Regime in Lebanon. Ethics and Social Welfare 1 (2):123-146.
    This paper presents a profile of the welfare regime in Lebanon which is posited on the twin precepts of human ethics and welfare particularism. It highlights the key role that moral values play in the conceptualization and implementation of social policy, as well as in the measurement of welfare outcomes. This is marked by the dominance of duty, traditionalism and elitism in the ethics of religious welfare in Lebanon. The paper argues that the social welfare regime in (...)
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  40.  14
    Eddy S. Ng & Willi H. Wiesner (2007). Are Men Always Picked Over Women? The Effects of Employment Equity Directives on Selection Decisions. Journal of Business Ethics 76 (2):177 - 187.
    This study replicates and extends previous work by Oppenheimer and Wiesner [1990, Sex discrimination: Who is hired and do employment equity statements make a difference? Proceedings of the 11th Annual Conference of the Administrative Sciences Association of Canada, Personnel and Human Resources Division], and examined the effects of minority qualifications on hiring decisions, the effects of employment equity directives when minority candidates are less qualified and the effects of different types and strengths of employment equity directives (...)
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  41. L. Raeve (1993). The Nurse Under Physician Authority: Commentary. Journal of Medical Ethics 19 (4):228-229.
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  42.  69
    J. Decety & T. Chaminade (2003). When the Self Represents the Other: A New Cognitive Neuroscience View on Psychological Identification. Consciousness and Cognition 12 (4):577-596.
    There is converging evidence from developmental and cognitive psychology, as well as from neuroscience, to suggest that the self is both special and social, and that self-other interaction is the driving force behind self-development. We review experimental findings which demonstrate that human infants are motivated for social interactions and suggest that the development of an awareness of other minds is rooted in the implicit notion that others are like the self. We then marshal evidence from functional neuroimaging explorations (...)
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  43.  5
    Nick Caddick & Emily Ryall (2012). The Social Construction of 'Mental Toughness'–a Fascistoid Ideology? Journal of the Philosophy of Sport 39 (1):137-154.
    This article considers the social construction of mental toughness in line with prevailing social attitudes towards success and dominance in elite sport. Critical attention is drawn to the research literature which has sought to conceptualise mental toughness and the idealistic rhetoric and metaphor with which it has done so. The concept of mental toughness currently reflects an elitist ideal, constructed along the lines of the romantic narrative of the ?Hollywood hero? athlete. In contrast, the mental and moral (...)
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  44.  17
    Barbara Smuts (1995). The Evolutionary Origins of Patriarchy. Human Nature 6 (1):1-32.
    This article argues that feminist analyses of patriarchy should be expanded to address the evolutionary basis of male motivation to control female sexuality. Evidence from other primates of male sexual coercion and female resistance to it indicates that the sexual conflicts of interest that underlie patriarchy predate the emergence of the human species. Humans, however, exhibit more extensive male dominance and male control of female sexuality than is shown by most other primates. Six hypotheses are proposed to explain how, (...)
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  45. Pouwel Slurink (1993). Ecological Dominance and the Final Sprint in Hominid Evolution. Human Evolution.
    In contrast to many other models of human evolution the "balance of power" theory of Alexander has a clear answer to the question why a runaway selection process for unique social and moral capacities occurred in our ancestry only and not in other species: "ecological dominance" is hypothesized to have diminished the effects of "extrinsic" forces of natural selection such that within-species, intergroup competition increased (Alexander, 1989). Alexander seems to be wrong, however, in his claim that already (...)
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  46.  80
    P. F. Strawson (1961). Social Morality and Individual Ideal. Philosophy 36 (136):1 - 17.
    Men make for themselves pictures of ideal forms of life. Such pictures are various and may be in sharp opposition to each other; and one and the same individual may be captivated by different and sharply conflicting pictures at different times. At one time it may seem to him that he should live—even that a man should live —in such-and-such a way; at another that the only truly satisfactory form of life is something totally different, incompatible with the first. In (...)
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  47.  15
    Ei-Ichi Izawa & Shigeru Watanabe (2011). Observational Learning in the Large-Billed Crow (Corvus Macrorhynchos): Effect of Demonstrator-Observer Dominance Relationship. Interaction Studies 12 (2):281-303.
    Exploiting the skills of others enables individuals to reduce the risks and costs of resource innovation. Social corvids are known to possess sophisticated social and physical cognitive abilities. However, their capacity for imitative learning and its inter-individual transmission pattern remains mostly unexamined. Here we demonstrate the large-billed crows' ability to learn problem-solving techniques by observation and the dominance-dependent pattern in which this technique is transmitted. Crows were allowed to observe one of two box-opening behaviours performed by a (...)
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  48.  18
    Gary Bente, Haug Leuschner, Ahmad Al Issa & James J. Blascovich (2010). The Others: Universals and Cultural Specificities in the Perception of Status and Dominance From Nonverbal Behavior☆. Consciousness and Cognition 19 (3):762-777.
    The current study analyzes trans-cultural universalities and specificities in the recognition of status roles, dominance perception and social evaluation based on nonverbal cues. Using a novel methodology, which allowed to mask clues to ethnicity and cultural background of the agents, we compared impression of Germans, Americans and Arabs observing computer-animated interactions from the three countries. Only in the German stimulus sample the status roles could be recognized above chance level. However we found significant correlations in dominance perception (...)
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  49.  66
    Jonathan Birch (2012). Social Revolution. [REVIEW] Biology and Philosophy 27 (4):571-581.
    Andrew Bourke’s Principles of Social Evolution identifies three stages that characterize an evolutionary transition in individuality and deploys inclusive fitness theory to explain each stage. The third stage, social group transformation, has hitherto received relatively little attention from inclusive fitness theorists. In this review, I first discuss Bourke’s “virtual dominance” hypothesis for the evolution of the germ line. I then contrast Bourke’s inclusive fitness approach to the major transitions with the multi-level approach developed by Richard Michod, Samir (...)
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  50.  28
    Drew H. Bailey & David C. Geary (2009). Hominid Brain Evolution. Human Nature 20 (1):67-79.
    Hypotheses regarding the selective pressures driving the threefold increase in the size of the hominid brain since Homo habilis include climatic conditions, ecological demands, and social competition. We provide a multivariate analysis that enables the simultaneous assessment of variables representing each of these potential selective forces. Data were collated for latitude, prevalence of harmful parasites, mean annual temperature, and variation in annual temperature for the location of 175 hominid crania dating from 1.9 million to 10 thousand years ago. We (...)
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