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Herbert Spencer [61]F. Scott Spencer [15]Cara Spencer [13]Mark G. Spencer [11]
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Profile: Cara Spencer (Howard University)
Profile: Mark K. Spencer (University of St. Thomas, Minnesota)
Profile: Quayshawn Spencer (University of San Francisco)
Profile: Andrew Spencer (University of Auckland)
Profile: Joseph Spencer (Bridgewater State College)
Profile: Jack Spencer
Profile: Joseph M. Spencer (University of New Mexico)
Profile: Matt Spencer (Goldsmiths, University of London)
Profile: Catherine Spencer (University of Southampton)
Profile: Marlene Spencer
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  1. Cara Spencer, Is There a Problem of the Essential Indexical?
    Some time ago, John Perry argued that the content of an indexical belief, that is, a belief expressible with a sentence containing an indexical or demonstrative, cannot be a proposition. I consider several of his arguments for this view, and show that they can be extended to show that belief expressible with other non-indexical expressions such as natural kind terms and proper names presents the very same problem for the traditional picture. I then suggest that if indexical belief has any (...)
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  2. Herbert Spencer, Essays: Scientific, Political, and Speculative, 3 Vols.
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  3. Herbert Spencer, First Principles, by Herbert Spencer.
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  4. Herbert Spencer, Illustrations of Universal Progress : A Series of Discussions by Herbert Spencer ; with a Notice of Spencer's "New System of Philosophy".
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  5. Herbert Spencer, Laws in General.
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  6. Herbert Spencer, Man Versus the State, with Six Essays on Government, Society and Freedom.
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  7. Herbert Spencer, Man Versus the State.
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  8. Herbert Spencer, Principles of Ethics, the (in 2 Vols.).
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  9. Herbert Spencer, Re-Barbarization.
    those nations which have grown vast by conquering adjacent nations, show that, as said above, the cardinal trait of fighting peoples is the subjection of man to man and of group to group. Graduated subordination, which is the method of army-organization, becomes more and more the method of civil organization where militancy is chronic; since where militancy is chronic, the civil part becomes little else than a commissariat supplying the wants of the militant part, and is more and more subject (...)
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  10. Herbert Spencer, Regimentation.
    At first sight the title “Regimentation” seems to imply nothing more than a description in detail of the changes set forth above; but while in part it brings into view one side of these changes, and suggests their common tendency, it serves a further end. I use it here to express certain wider changes which are their concomitants. For as indicated some pages back, and as shown at length in The Principles of Sociology , in a chapter on  “The (...)
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  11. Herbert Spencer, Recent Discussions in Science, Philosophy, and Morals.
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  12. Herbert Spencer, Reasons for Dissenting From the Philosophy of M.Comte.
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  13. Herbert Spencer, Social Statics.
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  14. Herbert Spencer, The Man Versus the State.
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  15. Herbert Spencer, The Philosophy of Style.
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  16. Herbert Spencer, The Study of Sociology.
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  17. Gregory Fowler & Joshua Spencer, Sorensen's Disappearing Act: A Response.
    Roy Sorensen has discussed a scenario he calls 'the Disappearing Act', introduced a puzzle based on this scenario, and offered a solution to this puzzle. We argue against Sorensen's solution and offer our own.
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  18. Cara Spencer, Indexical Knowledge and Phenomenal Knowledge.
    A familiar story about phenomenal knowledge likens it to indexical knowledge, i.e. knowledge about oneself typically expressed with sentences containing indexicals or demonstratives. The popularity of this sort of story owes in part to its promise of resolving some longstanding puzzles about phenomenal knowledge. One such puzzle arises from the compelling arguments that we can have full objective knowledge of the world while lacking some phenomenal knowledge. I argue that the widespread optimism about the indexical account on this score is (...)
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  19. Cara Spencer, Shared Indexical Belief.
    In this paper, I take issue with the familiar view that the problem of the essential indexical is a merely technical problem, which can be solved through a straightforward revision of the familiar model of belief content. (The familiar model just says that the content of belief is a proposition.) I do not object to these technical fixes, but I think they leave some questions unanswered. Specifically, they deny us an attractive account of what it is for different people to (...)
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  20. Herbert Spencer, Imperialism and Slavery.
    words express the sentiment which sways the British nation in its dealings with the Boer republics; and this sentiment it is which, definitely displayed in this case, pervades indefinitely the political feeling now manifesting itself as Imperialism. Supremacy, where not clearly imagined, is vaguely present in the background of consciousness. Not the derivation of the word only, but all its uses and associations, imply the thought of predominance – imply a correlative subordination. Actual or potential coercion of others, individuals or (...)
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  21. Herbert Spencer, Patriotism.
    The early abolition of serfdom in England, the early growth of relatively free institutions, and the greater recognition of popular claims after the decay of feudalism had divorced the masses from the soil, were traits of English life which may be looked back upon with pride. When it was decided that any slave who set foot in England became free; when the importation of slaves into the Colonies was stopped; when twenty millions were paid for the emancipation of slaves in (...)
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  22. Herbert Spencer, The Development Hypothesis (1852).
    This early essay of Spencer's was originally published anonymously in The Leader for March 20 1852. It was the second contribution in a regular series entitled "The Haythorne Papers". Spencer's identity was revealed some while after. It is reproduced in Herbert Spencer, Essays Scientific, Political & Speculative, Williams and Norgate (3 vols 1891) pp.1 7]; and here in full. David Clifford, Ph.D., Cambridge University, prepared the html text in 1997; George P. Landow reformatted it in 2008.
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  23. Herbert Spencer, Three Letters to Kaneko Kentaro (1892).
    LKK.II.1 23 August. – Since writing to you on Sunday it has recurred to me, in pursuance of my remarks about Japanese affairs and the miscarriage of your constitution, to make a suggestion giving in a definite form such a conservative policy as I thought should be taken. LKK.II.2 My advice to Mr. Mori was that the proposed new institutions should be as much as possible grafted upon the existing institutions, so as to prevent breaking the continuity – that there (...)
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  24. Herbert Spencer, The Right to Ignore the State.
    § . As a corollary to the proposition that all institutions must be subordinated to the law of equal freedom, we cannot choose but admit the right of the citizen to adopt a condition of voluntary outlawry. If every man has freedom to do all that he wills, provided he infringes not the equal freedom of any other man, then he is free to drop connection with the state - to relinquish its protection and to refuse paying toward its support. (...)
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  25. Jonathan Carter, Ali A. Ghorbani & Bruce Spencer (forthcoming). Agent Design Considerations Within Distributed Information Retrieval Systems. Proceedings of the Workshop of Novel E-Commerce Applications of Agents,(in Conjunction with the 14th Biennial Conference of the Canadian Society for Computational Studies of Intelligence–Ai 2001), Ottawa, Canada.
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  26. Slawomir J. Nasuto, John Mark Bishop, Etienne B. Roesch & Matthew C. Spencer (forthcoming). Zombie Mouse in a Chinese Room. Philosophy and Technology:1-15.
    John Searle’s Chinese Room Argument (CRA) purports to demonstrate that syntax is not sufficient for semantics, and, hence, because computation cannot yield understanding, the computational theory of mind, which equates the mind to an information processing system based on formal computations, fails. In this paper, we use the CRA, and the debate that emerged from it, to develop a philosophical critique of recent advances in robotics and neuroscience. We describe results from a body of work that contributes to blurring the (...)
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  27. Craig N. Spencer, B. Riley McClelland & Jack A. Stanford (forthcoming). Shrimp Stocking, Salmon Collapse, and Eagle Displacement. BioScience.
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  28. Diana Spencer (forthcoming). Velleius. Classical Review.
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  29. F. Scott Spencer (forthcoming). Book Review: And I Turned to See the Voice: The Rhetoric of Vision in the New Testament. [REVIEW] Interpretation 62 (4):448-448.
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  30. F. Scott Spencer (forthcoming). Book Review: Acts In Its Ancient Literary Context: A Classicist Looks at the Acts of the Apostles. [REVIEW] Interpretation 63 (1):95-95.
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  31. F. Scott Spencer (forthcoming). Book Review: Death and Resurrection: The Shape and Function of a Literary Motif in the Book of Acts. [REVIEW] Interpretation 64 (4):428-429.
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  32. F. Scott Spencer (forthcoming). Book Review: Dating Acts: Between the Evangelists and the Apologists by Richard I. Pervo Polebridge, Santa Rosa, Calif., 2006. 513 Pp. $47.50. ISBN 0-944344-73-9.; Marcion and Luke-Acts: A Defining Struggle by Joseph B. Tyson University of South Carolina, Columbia, 2006. 192 Pp. $39.95 (Cloth). ISBN 978-1-57003-650-7. [REVIEW] Interpretation 62 (2):190-193.
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  33. F. Scott Spencer (forthcoming). Book Review: Eating Your Way Through Luke's Gospel. [REVIEW] Interpretation 61 (2):231-231.
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  34. F. Scott Spencer (forthcoming). Book Review: Gospel Women: Studies of the Named Women in the Gospels. [REVIEW] Interpretation 57 (3):324-325.
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  35. F. Scott Spencer (forthcoming). Book Review: Keeping the Church in its Place: The Church as Narrative Character in Acts. [REVIEW] Interpretation 62 (3):339-340.
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  36. F. Scott Spencer (forthcoming). Book Review: Prayer and the New Testament: Jesus and His Communities at Worship. [REVIEW] Interpretation 55 (3):324-326.
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  37. F. Scott Spencer (forthcoming). Book Review: Turning to Jesus: The Sociology of Conversion in the Gospels. [REVIEW] Interpretation 58 (1):88-90.
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  38. F. Scott Spencer (forthcoming). Book Review: The Rhetoric of the Gospel: Theological Artistry in the Gospels and Acts. [REVIEW] Interpretation 56 (4):436-438.
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  39. F. Scott Spencer (forthcoming). Book Review: The Acts of the Apostles: A New Translation with Introduction and Commentary. [REVIEW] Interpretation 53 (4):412-415.
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  40. F. Scott Spencer (forthcoming). Book Review: The Past As Legacy: Luke-Acts and Ancient Epic. [REVIEW] Interpretation 55 (2):200-202.
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  41. Martin E. Spencer (forthcoming). Politics and Rhetorics. Social Research.
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  42. Quayshawn Spencer (forthcoming). A Radical Solution to the Race Problem. Philosophy of Science.
    It has become customary among philosophers and biologists to claim that folk racial classification has no biological basis. This paper attempts to debunk that view. In this paper, I show that ‘race’, as used in current U.S. race talk, picks out a biologically real entity. I do this by, first, showing that ‘race’, in this use, is not a kind term, but a proper name for a set of human population groups. Next, using recent human genetic clustering results, I show (...)
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  43. Raquel Spencer (forthcoming). Ethical Justifications for Organ Donation After Cardiac Death. Think.
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  44. Tina F. Botts, Liam K. Bright, Myisha Cherry, Guntur Mallarangeng & Quayshawn Spencer (2014). What is the State of Blacks in Philosophy? Critical Philosophy of Race 2 (2):224-242.
    This research note is meant to introduce into philosophical discussion the preliminary results of an empirical study on the state of blacks in philosophy, which is a joint effort of the American Philosophical Association’s Committee on the Status of Black Philosophers (APA CSBP) and the Society of Young Black Philosophers (SYBP). The study is intended to settle factual issues in furtherance of contributing to dialogues surrounding at least two philosophical questions: What, if anything, is the philosophical value of demographic diversity (...)
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  45. Mohamed A. Elemraid, Stephen P. Rushton, Matthew F. Thomas, David A. Spencer, Katherine M. Eastham, Andrew R. Gennery & Julia E. Clark (2014). Changing Clinical Practice: Management of Paediatric Community‐Acquired Pneumonia. Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 20 (1):94-99.
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  46. Gavin W. Jenkins, Larissa K. Samuelson, Jodi R. Smith & John P. Spencer (2014). Non‐Bayesian Noun Generalization in 3‐ to 5‐Year‐Old Children: Probing the Role of Prior Knowledge in the Suspicious Coincidence Effect. [REVIEW] Cognitive Science 38 (7).
    It is unclear how children learn labels for multiple overlapping categories such as “Labrador,” “dog,” and “animal.” Xu and Tenenbaum () suggested that learners infer correct meanings with the help of Bayesian inference. They instantiated these claims in a Bayesian model, which they tested with preschoolers and adults. Here, we report data testing a developmental prediction of the Bayesian model—that more knowledge should lead to narrower category inferences when presented with multiple subordinate exemplars. Two experiments did not support this prediction. (...)
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  47. Luba Sominsky & Sarah J. Spencer (2014). Eating Behavior and Stress: A Pathway to Obesity. Frontiers in Psychology 5.
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  48. Joshua Spencer (2014). Unnecessary Existents. Canadian Journal of Philosophy 43 (5-6):766-775.
    (2013). Unnecessary existents. Canadian Journal of Philosophy: Vol. 43, Essays on the Nature of Propositions, pp. 766-775.
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  49. Mark Spencer (2014). Heidegger in America. By Martin Woessner. Pp. Xiv, 294, Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, 2011, £55.00/$90.00. [REVIEW] Heythrop Journal 55 (4):732-734.
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  50. Mark K. Spencer (2014). The Present Alone is Our Happiness: Conversations with Jeannie Carter and Arnold I. Davidson. By Pierre Hadot; Translated by Marc Djaballah. Pp. Xv, 191, Stanford, Stanford University Press, 2009, $24.95. [REVIEW] Heythrop Journal 55 (2):341-342.
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