Search results for 'theories of deduction' (try it on Scholar)

1000+ found
Order:
  1.  21
    Paul C. Gilmore (1986). Natural Deduction Based Set Theories: A New Resolution of the Old Paradoxes. Journal of Symbolic Logic 51 (2):393-411.
    The comprehension principle of set theory asserts that a set can be formed from the objects satisfying any given property. The principle leads to immediate contradictions if it is formalized as an axiom scheme within classical first order logic. A resolution of the set paradoxes results if the principle is formalized instead as two rules of deduction in a natural deduction presentation of logic. This presentation of the comprehension principle for sets as semantic rules, instead of as a (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  2.  3
    Wilfrid Hodges (1993). The Logical Content of Theories of Deduction. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 16 (2):353.
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   3 citations  
  3.  7
    John Corcoran (1971). Discourse Grammars and the Structure of Mathematical Reasoning III: Two Theories of Proof,. Journal of Structural Learning 3 (3):1-24.
    ABSTRACT This part of the series has a dual purpose. In the first place we will discuss two kinds of theories of proof. The first kind will be called a theory of linear proof. The second has been called a theory of suppositional proof. The term "natural deduction" has often and correctly been used to refer to the second kind of theory, but I shall not do so here because many of the theories so-called are not of (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  4.  30
    G. Randolph Mayes, Theories of Explanation. Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
  5.  71
    Allard Tamminga (1994). Logics of Rejection: Two Systems of Natural Deduction. Logique Et Analyse 146:169-208.
    This paper presents two systems of natural deduction for the rejection of non-tautologies of classical propositional logic. The first system is sound and complete with respect to the body of all non-tautologies, the second system is sound and complete with respect to the body of all contradictions. The second system is a subsystem of the first. Starting with Jan Łukasiewicz's work, we describe the historical development of theories of rejection for classical propositional logic. Subsequently, we present the two (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  6.  2
    Michael Stöltzner (1995). Levels of Physical Theories. Vienna Circle Institute Yearbook 3:47-64.
    Many physicists view the most sublime task of physics in presenting some day a world formula or a simple Theory of Everything that accounts for all major physical theories and from which everything follows by pure deduction.1 This striving for universality can look back on a long history, which contains the failed attempts to incorporate electrodynamics into universal mechanics, Einstein’s einheitliche Feldtheorie and Heisenberg’s explicit proposal of an Urgleichung. Those attempts were encouraged by the success of general relativity, (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  7.  31
    J. A. Burgess & I. L. Humberstone (1987). Natural Deduction Rules for a Logic of Vagueness. Erkenntnis 27 (2):197-229.
    Extant semantic theories for languages containing vague expressions violate intuition by delivering the same verdict on two principles of classical propositional logic: the law of noncontradiction and the law of excluded middle. Supervaluational treatments render both valid; many-Valued treatments, Neither. The core of this paper presents a natural deduction system, Sound and complete with respect to a 'mixed' semantics which validates the law of noncontradiction but not the law of excluded middle.
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   7 citations  
  8.  59
    Michel Bitbol (1998). Some Steps Towards a Transcendental Deduction of Quantum Mechanics. Philosophia Naturalis 35:253-280.
    The two major options on which the current debate on the interpretation of quantum mechanics relies, namely realism and empiricism, are far from being exhaustive. There is at least one more position available, which is metaphysically as agnostic as empiricism, but which shares with realism a committment to considering the structure of theories as highly significant. The latter position has been named transcendentalism after Kant. In this paper, a generalized version of Kant's method is used. This yields a reasoning (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   3 citations  
  9.  53
    John L. Pollock (1986/1987). Contemporary Theories of Knowledge. Hutchinson.
    This new edition of the classic Contemporary Theories of Knowledge has been significantly updated to include analyses of the recent literature in epistemology.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   287 citations  
  10. George Voutsadakis (2005). Categorical Abstract Algebraic Logic: Gentzen Π ‐Institutions and the Deduction‐Detachment Property. Mathematical Logic Quarterly 51 (6):570-578.
    Given a π -institution I , a hierarchy of π -institutions I is constructed, for n ≥ 1. We call I the n-th order counterpart of I . The second-order counterpart of a deductive π -institution is a Gentzen π -institution, i.e. a π -institution associated with a structural Gentzen system in a canonical way. So, by analogy, the second order counterpart I of I is also called the “Gentzenization” of I . In the main result of the paper, it (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  11. Angela Mendelovici (2013). Reliable Misrepresentation and Tracking Theories of Mental Representation. Philosophical Studies 165 (2):421-443.
    It is a live possibility that certain of our experiences reliably misrepresent the world around us. I argue that tracking theories of mental representation have difficulty allowing for this possibility, and that this is a major consideration against them.
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   5 citations  
  12.  58
    Robert Briscoe & Rick Grush (2015). Action-Based Theories of Perception. In The Stanford Encylcopedia of Philosophy. 1-66.
    Action is a means of acquiring perceptual information about the environment. Turning around, for example, alters your spatial relations to surrounding objects and, hence, which of their properties you visually perceive. Moving your hand over an object’s surface enables you to feel its shape, temperature, and texture. Sniffing and walking around a room enables you to track down the source of an unpleasant smell. Active or passive movements of the body can also generate useful sources of perceptual information (Gibson 1966, (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  13.  22
    Fraser MacBride & Frederique Janssen-Lauret (2015n). Meta-Ontology, Epistemology & Essence: On the Empirical Deduction of the Categories. The Monist 98 (3):290-302.
    A priori reflection, common sense and intuition have proved unreliable sources of information about the world outside of us. So the justification for a theory of the categories must derive from the empirical support of the scientific theories whose descriptions it unifies and clarifies. We don’t have reliable information about the de re modal profiles of external things either because the overwhelming proportion of our knowledge of the external world is theoretical—knowledge by description rather than knowledge by acquaintance. This (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  14. William Lauinger (2013). The Missing-Desires Objection to Hybrid Theories of Well-Being. Southern Journal of Philosophy 51 (2):270-295.
    Many philosophers have claimed that we might do well to adopt a hybrid theory of well-being: a theory that incorporates both an objective-value constraint and a pro-attitude constraint. Hybrid theories are attractive for two main reasons. First, unlike desire theories of well-being, hybrid theories need not worry about the problem of defective desires. This is so because, unlike desire theories, hybrid theories place an objective-value constraint on well-being. Second, unlike objectivist theories of well-being, hybrid (...)
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  15.  43
    Laurence Ashworth & Clinton Free (2006). Marketing Dataveillance and Digital Privacy: Using Theories of Justice to Understand Consumers' Online Privacy Concerns. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 67 (2):107 - 123.
    Technology used in online marketing has advanced to a state where collection, enhancement and aggregation of information are instantaneous. This proliferation of customer information focused technology brings with it a host of issues surrounding customer privacy. This article makes two key contributions to the debate concerning digital privacy. First, we use theories of justice to help understand the way consumers conceive of, and react to, privacy concerns. Specifically, it is argued that an important component of consumers’ privacy concerns relates (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   7 citations  
  16. Susanne Bobzien (1996). Stoic Syllogistic. Oxford Studies in Ancient Philosophy 14:133-92.
    ABSTRACT: For the Stoics, a syllogism is a formally valid argument; the primary function of their syllogistic is to establish such formal validity. Stoic syllogistic is a system of formal logic that relies on two types of argumental rules: (i) 5 rules (the accounts of the indemonstrables) which determine whether any given argument is an indemonstrable argument, i.e. an elementary syllogism the validity of which is not in need of further demonstration; (ii) one unary and three binary argumental rules which (...)
    Translate
      Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   1 citation  
  17.  67
    Yoav Shoham (2009). Logical Theories of Intention and the Database Perspective. Journal of Philosophical Logic 38 (6):633 - 647.
    While logical theories of information attitudes, such as knowledge, certainty and belief, have flourished in the past two decades, formalization of other facets of rational behavior have lagged behind significantly. One intriguing line of research concerns the concept of intention. I will discuss one approach to tackling the notion within a logical framework, based on a database perspective.
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   2 citations  
  18. James Genone (2012). Theories of Reference and Experimental Philosophy. Philosophy Compass 7 (2):152-163.
    In recent years, experimental philosophers have questioned the reliance of philosophical arguments on intuitions elicited by thought experiments. These challenges seek to undermine the use of this methodology for a particular domain of theorizing, and in some cases to raise doubts about the viability of philosophical work in the domain in question. The topic of semantic reference has been an important area for discussion of these issues, one in which critics of the reliance on intuitions have made particularly strong claims (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   4 citations  
  19.  22
    Günther Eder (2014). Remarks on Compositionality and Weak Axiomatic Theories of Truth. Journal of Philosophical Logic 43 (2-3):541-547.
    The paper draws attention to an important, but apparently neglected distinction relating to axiomatic theories of truth, viz. the distinction between weakly and strongly truth-compositional theories of truth. The paper argues that the distinction might be helpful in classifying weak axiomatic theories of truth and examines some of them with respect to it.
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  20.  15
    Daniel M. Kraemer (2013). Statistical Theories of Functions and the Problem of Epidemic Disease. Biology and Philosophy 28 (3):423-438.
    Several decades ago, Christopher Boorse formulated an influential statistical theory of normative biological functions but it has often been claimed that his theory suffers from insuperable problems such as an inability to handle cases of epidemic and universal diseases. This paper develops a new statistical theory of normative functions that is capable of dealing with the notorious problem of epidemic and universal diseases. The theory is also more detailed than its predecessors and offers other important advantages over them. It is (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   3 citations  
  21.  34
    Nicholas W. Best (2015). Meta-Incommensurability Between Theories of Meaning: Chemical Evidence. Perspectives on Science 23 (3):361-378.
    Attempting to compare scientific theories requires a philosophical model of meaning. Yet different scientific theories have at times—particularly in early chemistry—pre-supposed disparate theories of meaning. When two theories of meaning are incommensurable, we must say that the scientific theories that rely upon (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   1 citation  
  22. Timothy Lane (2015). Self, Belonging, and Conscious Experience: A Critique of Subjectivity Theories of Consciousness. In Rocco Gennaro (ed.), Disturbed consciousness: New essays on psychopathology and theories of consciousness. MIT Press
    Subjectivity theories of consciousness take self-reference, somehow construed, as essential to having conscious experience. These theories differ with respect to how many levels they posit and to whether self-reference is conscious or not. But all treat self-referencing as a process that transpires at the personal level, rather than at the subpersonal level, the level of mechanism. -/- Working with conceptual resources afforded by pre-existing theories of consciousness that take self-reference to be essential, several attempts (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  23.  48
    Mirja Helena Hartimo (2007). Towards Completeness: Husserl on Theories of Manifolds 1890–1901. Synthese 156 (2):281 - 310.
    Husserl’s notion of definiteness, i.e., completeness is crucial to understanding Husserl’s view of logic, and consequently several related philosophical views, such as his argument against psychologism, his notion of ideality, and his view of formal ontology. Initially Husserl developed the notion of definiteness to clarify Hermann Hankel’s ‘principle of permanence’. One of the first attempts at formulating definiteness can be found in the Philosophy of Arithmetic, where definiteness serves the purpose of the modern notion of ‘soundness’ and leads Husserl to (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   6 citations  
  24.  10
    Graham Emil Leigh & Michael Rathjen (2010). An Ordinal Analysis for Theories of Self-Referential Truth. Archive for Mathematical Logic 49 (2):213-247.
    The first attempt at a systematic approach to axiomatic theories of truth was undertaken by Friedman and Sheard (Ann Pure Appl Log 33:1–21, 1987). There twelve principles consisting of axioms, axiom schemata and rules of inference, each embodying a reasonable property of truth were isolated for study. Working with a base theory of truth conservative over PA, Friedman and Sheard raised the following questions. Which subsets of the Optional Axioms are consistent over the base theory? What are the proof-theoretic (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   3 citations  
  25.  11
    Kwang‐Kuo Hwang (2015). Culture‐Inclusive Theories of Self and Social Interaction: The Approach of Multiple Philosophical Paradigms. Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour 45 (1):40-63.
    In view of the fact that culture-inclusive psychology has been eluded or relatively ignored by mainstream psychology, the movement of indigenous psychology is destined to develop a new model of man that incorporates both causal psychology and intentional psychology as suggested by Vygotsky . Following the principle of cultural psychology: “one mind, many mentalities” , the Mandala Model of Self and Face and Favor Model were constructed to represent the universal mechanisms of self and social interaction that can be applied (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   2 citations  
  26. Todd Buras (2009). An Argument Against Causal Theories of Mental Content. American Philosophical Quarterly 46 (2):117-129.
    Some mental states are about themselves. Nothing is a cause of itself. So some mental states are not about their causes; they are about things distinct from their causes. If this argument is sound, it spells trouble for causal theories of mental content—the precise sort of trouble depending on the precise sort of causal theory. This paper shows that the argument is sound (§§1-3), and then spells out the trouble (§4).
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   1 citation  
  27.  7
    Jovana Davidovic (forthcoming). Should the Changing Character of War Affect Our Theories of War? Ethical Theory and Moral Practice:1-16.
    War has changed so much that it barely resembles the paradigmatic cases of armed conflict that just war theories and international humanitarian law seemed to have had in mind even a few decades ago. The changing character of war includes not only the use of new technology such as drones, but probably more problematically the changing temporal and spatial scope of war and the changing character of actors in war. These changes give rise to worries about what counts as (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  28.  8
    A. Polikarov (1998). A Draft for Unifying Controversies in Philosophy of Science. Journal for General Philosophy of Science / Zeitschrift für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie 29 (2):225-244.
    The basic (negative and positive) methodological maxims of three currents of philosophy of science (logical empiricism, falsificationism, and postpositivism) are formulated. Many of these maxims (stratagems) are controversial, e.g., the stance about the nonsense of metaphysics, and that of its indispensability. The restricted validity of these maxims allows for their unification. Within the framework of most of them there may be a relationship of (synchronic, or diachronic) subordination of the contradicting desiderata. In this vein ten stratagems are formulated.
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  29.  66
    Philipp Koralus (2013). Descriptions, Ambiguity, and Representationalist Theories of Interpretation. Philosophical Studies 162 (2):275-290.
    Abstract Theories of descriptions tend to involve commitments about the ambiguity of descriptions. For example, sentences containing descriptions are widely taken to be ambiguous between de re , de dicto , and intermediate interpretations and are sometimes thought to be ambiguous between the former and directly referential interpretations. I provide arguments to suggest that none of these interpretations are due to ambiguities (or indexicality). On the other hand, I argue that descriptions are ambiguous between the above family of interpretations (...)
    Direct download (8 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  30.  22
    Maureen Eckert (ed.) (2006). Theories of Mind: An Introductory Reader. Rowman and Littlefield.
    Intended for introductory classes focusing on philosophy of mind, 'Theories of Mind' includes readings from primary sources, edited to suit the needs of the beginner. Selections focus on vivid examples and counterexamples, and give instructors concerned with assigning accessible primary source material a foundation for more advanced studies in philosophy. Selections from David Armstrong, Ned Block, David Chalmers, Patricia Churchland, Paul Churchland, Andy Clark, Daniel C. Dennett, René Descartes, Jerry A. Fodor, Keith Gunderson, Frank Jackson, David Lewis, Barbara Montero, (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  31.  2
    Luis H. Favela (2009). Biological Theories of Consciousness: The Search for Experience. Dissertation, San Diego State University
    Consciousness has traditionally been the subject matter of philosophy. However, especially in recent years, various branches of science have attempted to develop theories of consciousness. I evaluate the biological theories of Francis Crick, Gerald Edelman, and Antti Revonsuo in order to gauge the current state of biological accounts of consciousness. I begin with an explication of the easy and hard problems of consciousness as defined by David Chalmers. Next, I summarize how each theory defines ‘consciousness’ and then I (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  32.  40
    Utpal Bose (2012). An Ethical Framework in Information Systems Decision Making Using Normative Theories of Business Ethics. Ethics and Information Technology 14 (1):17-26.
    As business environments become more complex and reliant on information systems, the decisions made by managers affect a growing number of stakeholders. This paper proposes a framework based on the application of normative theories in business ethics to facilitate the evaluation of IS related ethical dilemmas and arrive at fair and consistent decisions. The framework is applied in the context of an information privacy dilemma to demonstrate the decision making process. The ethical dilemma is analyzed using each one of (...)
    Direct download (10 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  33.  22
    Nicola Angius & Guglielmo Tamburrini (2011). Scientific Theories of Computational Systems in Model Checking. Minds and Machines 21 (2):323-336.
    Model checking, a prominent formal method used to predict and explain the behaviour of software and hardware systems, is examined on the basis of reflective work in the philosophy of science concerning the ontology of scientific theories and model-based reasoning. The empirical theories of computational systems that model checking techniques enable one to build are identified, in the light of the semantic conception of scientific theories, with families of models that are interconnected by simulation (...)
    Direct download (15 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   3 citations  
  34.  17
    Gal Yehezkel (2016). The New Riddle of Induction and the New Riddle of Deduction. Acta Analytica 31 (1):31-41.
    Many believe that Goodman’s new riddle of induction proves the impossibility of a purely syntactical theory of confirmation. After discussing and rejecting Jackson’s solution to Goodman’s paradox, I formulate the “new riddle of deduction,” in analogy to the new riddle of induction. Since it is generally agreed that deductive validity can be defined syntactically, the new riddle of induction equally does not show that inductive validity cannot be defined syntactically. I further rely on the analogy between induction and (...) in order to explain why some predicates, such as “grue,” are unprojectible. (shrink)
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  35.  5
    Alvaro Val & Yoav Shoham (1994). Deriving Properties of Belief Update From Theories of Action. Journal of Logic, Language and Information 3 (2):81-119.
    We present an approach to database update as a form of non monotonic temporal reasoning, the main idea of which is the (circumscriptive) minimization of changes with respect to a set of facts declared “persistent by default”. The focus of the paper is on the relation between this approach and the update semantics recently proposed by Katsuno and Mendelzon. Our contribution in this regard is twofold:We prove a representation theorem for KM semantics in terms of a restricted subfamily of the (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  36.  53
    Anton Froeyman (2012). The Ontology of Causal Process Theories. Philosophia 40 (3):523-538.
    There is a widespread belief that the so-called process theories of causation developed by Wesley Salmon and Phil Dowe have given us an original account of what causation really is. In this paper, I show that this is a misconception. The notion of “causal process” does not offer us a new ontological account of causation. I make this argument by explicating the implicit ontological commitments in Salmon and Dowe’s theories. From this, it is clear that Salmon’s Mark Transmission (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  37.  66
    Matthew Boyle (2016). Additive Theories of Rationality: A Critique. European Journal of Philosophy 23 (4):n/a-n/a.
    Additive theories of rationality, as I use the term, are theories that hold that an account of our capacity to reflect on perceptually-given reasons for belief and desire-based reasons for action can begin with an account of what it is to perceive and desire, in terms that do not presuppose any connection to the capacity to reflect on reasons, and then can add an account of the capacity for rational reflection, conceived as an independent capacity to ‘monitor’ and (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  38.  70
    Philip Hugly & Charles Sayward (1993). Theories of Truth and Truth-Value Gaps. Linguistics and Philosophy 16 (6):551 - 559.
    The fact that a group of axioms use the word 'true' does not guarantee that that group of axioms yields a theory of truth. For Davidson the derivability of certain biconditionals from the axioms is what guarantees this. We argue that the test does not work. In particular, we argue that if the object language has truth-value gaps, the result of applying Davidson''s definition of a theory of truth is that no correct theory of truth for the language is possible.
    Direct download (9 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  39. Ian Proops (2003). Kant's Legal Metaphor and the Nature of a Deduction. Journal of the History of Philosophy 41 (2):209-229.
    This essay partly builds on and partly criticizes a striking idea of Dieter Henrich. Henrich argues that Kant's distinction in the first Critique between the question of fact (quid facti) and the question of law (quid juris) provides clues to the argumentative structure of a philosophical "Deduction". Henrich suggests that the unity of apperception plays a role analogous to a legal factum. By contrast, I argue, first, that the question of fact in the first Critique is settled by the (...)
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   3 citations  
  40.  9
    Robert F. Belli (1986). Mechanist And Organicist Parallels Between Theories Of Memory And Science. Journal of Mind and Behavior 7 (1):63-86.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  41.  80
    Rosanna Keefe (2000). Theories of Vagueness. Cambridge University Press.
    Most expressions in natural language are vague. But what is the best semantic treatment of terms like 'heap', 'red' and 'child'? And what is the logic of arguments involving this kind of vague expression? These questions are receiving increasing philosophical attention, and in this timely book Rosanna Keefe explores the questions of what we should want from an account of vagueness and how we should assess rival theories. Her discussion ranges widely and comprehensively over the main theories of (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   77 citations  
  42.  2
    Francis W. Irwin & W. A. S. Smith (1956). Further Tests of Theories of Decision in an "Expanded Judgment" Situation. Journal of Experimental Psychology 52 (6):345.
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  43.  77
    Grzegorz Bugajak (2009). Philosophy of Nature, Realism, and the Postulated Ontology of Scientific Theories. In Adam Świeżyński (ed.), Philosophy of Nature Today, Wydawnictwo UKSW, Warszawa. 59–80.
    The first part of the paper is a metatheoretical consideration of such philosophy of nature which allows for using scientific results in philosophical analyses. An epistemological 'judgment' of those results becomes a preliminary task of this discipline: this involves taking a position in the controversy between realistic and antirealistic accounts of science. It is shown that a philosopher of nature has to be a realist, if his task to build true ontology of reality is to be achieved. At the same (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  44.  9
    Litska Strikwerda (2015). Present and Future Instances of Virtual Rape in Light of Three Categories of Legal Philosophical Theories on Rape. Philosophy and Technology 28 (4):491-510.
    This paper is about the question of whether or not virtual rape should be considered a crime under current law. A virtual rape is the rape of an avatar in a virtual world. In the future, possibilities for virtual rape of a person him- or herself will arise in virtual reality environments involving a haptic device or robotics. As the title indicates, I will study both these present and future instances of virtual rape in light of three categories of legal (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  45.  4
    Jennifer Marshall (2006). Life Extension Research: An Analysis of Contemporary Biological Theories and Ethical Issues. [REVIEW] Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 9 (1):87-96.
    Many opinions and ideas about aging exist. Biological theories have taken hold of the popular and scientific imagination as potential answers to a “cure” for aging. However, it is not clear what exactly is being cured or whether aging could be classified as a disease. Some scientists are convinced that aging will be biologically alterable and that the human lifespan will be vastly extendable. Other investigators believe that aging is an elusive target that may only be “statistically” manipulatable through (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  46.  13
    Pablo Lorenzano (2013). The Semantic Conception and the Structuralist View of Theories: A Critique of Suppe’s Criticisms. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 44 (4):600-607.
    Different conceptions of scientific theories, such as the state spaces approach of Bas van Fraassen, the phase spaces approach of Frederick Suppe, the set-theoretical approach of Patrick Suppes, and the structuralist view of Joseph Sneed et al. are usually put together into one big family. In addition, the definite article is normally used, and thus we speak of the semantic conception of theories and of its different approaches . However, in The Semantic Conception of Theories and Scientific (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  47.  64
    Manuel Sánchez Rodríguez (2013). The Conclusion of the Deduction of Taste in the Dialectic of Aesthetic Power of Judgment in Kant. Trans/Form/Ação 36 (2):45-62.
    In this paper, it is argued that only in the section on dialectic in the Critique of Judgment does Kant reach a definitive and conclusive version of deduction, after discovering the concept of the supersensible. In the section on the deduction of pure aesthetic judgments, Kant does not satisfactorily explain the critical distinction between the sensible nature of humanity and the supersensible nature of human reason presupposed in the concept of universal communicability. While the concept of the supersensible (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  48.  76
    Donald Gillies (2000). Philosophical Theories of Probability. Routledge.
    This book presents a comprehensive and systematic account of the various philosophical theories of probability and explains how they are related. It covers the classical, logical, subjective, frequency, and propensity views of probability. Donald Gillies even provides a new theory of probability -the intersubjective-a development of the subjective theory. He argues for a pluralist view, where there can be more than one valid interpretation of probabiltiy, each appropriate in a different context. The relation of the various interpretations to the (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   68 citations  
  49.  20
    Cassiano Terra Rodrigues (2011). The Method of Scientific Discovery in Peirce's Philosophy: Deduction, Induction, and Abduction. [REVIEW] Logica Universalis 5 (1):127-164.
    In this paper we will show Peirce’s distinction between deduction, induction and abduction. The aim of the paper is to show how Peirce changed his views on the subject, from an understanding of deduction, induction and hypotheses as types of reasoning to understanding them as stages of inquiry very tightly connected. In order to get a better understanding of Peirce’s originality on this, we show Peirce’s distinctions between qualitative and quantitative induction and between theorematical and corollarial deduction, (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   1 citation  
  50.  39
    Jody Azzouni (2014). A New Characterization of Scientific Theories. Synthese 191 (13):2993-3008.
    First, I discuss the older “theory-centered” and the more recent semantic conception of scientific theories. I argue that these two perspectives are nothing more than terminological variants of one another. I then offer a new theory-centered view of scientific theories. I argue that this new view captures the insights had by each of these earlier views, that it’s closer to how scientists think about their own theories, and that it better accommodates the phenomenon of (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   1 citation  
1 — 50 / 1000