Search results for 'visual attention' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. [deleted]Kai Kaspar & Peter König (2012). Emotions and Personality Traits as High-Level Factors in Visual Attention: A Review. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 6.score: 240.0
    The visual sense has outstanding significance for human perception and behavior, and visual attention plays a central role in the processing of the sensory input. Thereby, multiple low- and high-level factors contribute to the guidance of attention. The present review focuses on two neglected high-level factors: emotion and personality. The review starts with an overview of different models of attention, providing a conceptual framework and illustrating the nature of low- and high-level factors in visual (...)
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  2. Reinhold Kliegl, Ping Wei, Michael Dambacher, Ming Yan & Xiaolin Zhou (2010). Experimental Effects and Individual Differences in Linear Mixed Models: Estimating the Relationship Between Spatial, Object, and Attraction Effects in Visual Attention. Frontiers in Psychology 1:238-238.score: 240.0
    Linear mixed models (LMMs) provide a still underused methodological perspective on combining experimental and individual-differences research. Here we illustrate this approach with two-rectangle cueing in visual attention (Egly, Driver, & Rafal, 1994). We replicated previous experimental cue-validity effects relating to a spatial shift of attention within an object (spatial effect), to attention switch between objects (object effect), and to the attraction of attention towards the display centroid (attraction effect), taking also into account the design-inherent imbalance (...)
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  3. Falk Huettig Alastair C. Smith, Padraic Monaghan (2013). An Amodal Shared Resource Model of Language-Mediated Visual Attention. Frontiers in Psychology 4.score: 240.0
    Language-mediated visual attention describes the interaction of two fundamental components of the human cognitive system, language and vision. Within this paper we present an amodal shared resource model of language-mediated visual attention that offers a description of the information and processes involved in this complex multimodal behaviour and a potential explanation for how this ability is acquired. We demonstrate that the model is not only sufficient to account for the experimental effects of Visual World Paradigm (...)
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  4. Dietmar Heinke Soeren Strauss (2012). A Robotics-Based Approach to Modeling of Choice Reaching Experiments on Visual Attention. Frontiers in Psychology 3.score: 240.0
    The paper presents a robotics-based model for choice reaching experiments on visual attention. In these experiments participants were asked to make rapid reach movements towards a target in an odd-colour search task, i.e. reaching for a green square among red squares and vice versa (e.g. Song & Nakayama, 2008). Interestingly these studies found that in a high number of trials movements were initially directed towards a distractor and only later were adjusted towards the target. These ”curved” trajectories occurred (...)
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  5. Anna Schubö Agnieszka Wykowska (2012). Action Intentions Modulate Allocation of Visual Attention: Electrophysiological Evidence. Frontiers in Psychology 3.score: 234.0
    In line with the Theory of Event Coding (Hommel et al., 2001), action planning has been shown to affect perceptual processing—an effect that has been attributed to a so-called intentional weighting mechanism (Hommel, 2010; Wykowska, Schubö, & Hommel, 2009). This paper investigates the electrophysiological correlates of action-related modulations of selection mechanisms in visual perception. A paradigm combining a visual search task for size and luminance targets with a movement task (grasping or pointing) was introduced, and the EEG was (...)
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  6. Anne Odile Peschel & Jacob L. Orquin (2013). A Review of the Findings and Theories on Surface Size Effects on Visual Attention. [REVIEW] Frontiers in Psychology 4.score: 234.0
    That surface size has an impact on attention has been well-known in advertising research for almost a century; however, theoretical accounts of this effect have been sparse. To address this issue, we review studies on surface size effects on eye movements in this paper. While most studies find that large objects are more likely to be fixated, receive more fixations, and are fixated faster than small objects, a comprehensive explanation of this effect is still lacking. To bridge the theoretical (...)
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  7. [deleted]George R. Mangun Sean P. Fannon, Clifford D. Saron (2007). Baseline Shifts Do Not Predict Attentional Modulation of Target Processing During Feature-Based Visual Attention. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 1.score: 222.0
    Cues that direct selective attention to a spatial location have been observed to increase baseline neural activity in visual areas that represent a to-be-attended stimulus location. Analogous attention-related baseline shifts have also been observed in response to attention-directing cues for non-spatial stimulus features. It has been proposed that baseline shifts with preparatory attention may serve as the mechanism by which attention modulates the responses to subsequent visual targets that match the attended location or (...)
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  8. Anna Schubö Agnieszka Wykowska, Bernhard Hommel (2012). Imaging When Acting: Picture but Not Word Cues Induce Action-Related Biases of Visual Attention. Frontiers in Psychology 3.score: 216.0
    In line with the Theory of Event Coding (Hommel et al., 2001), action planning has been shown to affect perceptual processing—an effect that has been attributed to a so-called intentional weighting mechanism (Memelink & Hommel, in press; Wykowska, Schubö, & Hommel, 2009), whose functional role is to provide information for open parameters of online action adjustment (Hommel, 2010). The aim of this study was to test whether different types of action representations induce intentional weighting to various degrees. To meet this (...)
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  9. Bernhard Hommel Agnieszka Wykowska, Christine Anderl, Anna Schubö (2013). Motivation Modulates Visual Attention: Evidence From Pupillometry. Frontiers in Psychology 4.score: 216.0
    Increasing evidence suggests that action planning does not only affect the preparation and execution of overt actions but also “works back” to tune the perceptual system towards action-relevant information. We investigated whether the amount of this impact of action planning on perceptual selection varies as a function of motivation for action, which was assessed online by means of pupillometry (Experiment 1) and visual analogue scales (VAS, Experiment 2). Findings replicate the earlier observation that searching for size-defined targets is more (...)
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  10. Victor A. F. Lamme (2003). Why Visual Attention and Awareness Are Different. Trends in Cognitive Sciences 7 (1):12-18.score: 210.0
  11. Victor A. F. Lamme (2004). Separate Neural Definitions of Visual Consciousness and Visual Attention: A Case for Phenomenal Awareness. Neural Networks 17 (5):861-872.score: 210.0
  12. Peter U. Tse (2004). Mapping Visual Attention with Change Blindness: New Directions for a New Method. Cognitive Science 28 (2):241.score: 210.0
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  13. Agnieszka Konopka Antje S. Meyer, Linda Wheeldon, Femke van der Meulen (2012). Effects of Speech Rate and Practice on the Allocation of Visual Attention in Multiple Object Naming. Frontiers in Psychology 3.score: 210.0
    Earlier studies had shown that speakers naming several objects typically look at each object until they have retrieved the phonological form of its name and therefore look longer at objects with long names than at objects with shorter names. We examined whether this tight eye-to-speech coordination was maintained at different speech rates and after increasing amounts of practice. Participants named the same set of objects with monosyllabic or disyllabic names on up to 20 successive trials. In Experiment 1, they spoke (...)
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  14. [deleted]Catherine Tallon-Baudry Valentin Wyart, Stanislas Dehaene (2012). Early Dissociation Between Neural Signatures of Endogenous Spatial Attention and Perceptual Awareness During Visual Masking. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 6.score: 204.0
    The relationship between spatial attention and conscious access has often been pictured as a single causal link: spatial attention would provide conscious access to weak stimuli by increasing their effective contrast during early visual processing. To test this hypothesis, we assessed whether the early attentional amplification of visual responses, around 100 ms following stimulus onset, had a decisive impact on conscious detection. We recorded magnetoencephalographic (MEG) signals while participants focused their attention toward or away from (...)
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  15. [deleted]Roy E. Crist, Chien-Te Wu, Chris Karp & Marty G. Woldorff (2007). Face Processing is Gated by Visual Spatial Attention. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 2:10.score: 204.0
    Human perception of faces is widely believed to rely on automatic processing by a domain-specifi c, modular component of the visual system. Scalp-recorded event-related potential (ERP) recordings indicate that faces receive special stimulus processing at around 170 ms poststimulus onset, in that faces evoke an enhanced occipital negative wave, known as the N170, relative to the activity elicited by other visual objects. As predicted by modular accounts of face processing, this early face-specifi c N170 enhancement has been reported (...)
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  16. J. T. Serences & S. Yantis (2006). Selective Visual Attention and Perceptual Coherence. Trends in Cognitive Sciences 10 (1):38-45.score: 198.0
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  17. Filipp Schmidt Thomas Schmidt, Anke Haberkamp, G. Marina Veltkamp, Andreas Weber, Anna Seydell-Greenwald (2011). Visual Processing in Rapid-Chase Systems: Image Processing, Attention, and Awareness. Frontiers in Psychology 2.score: 198.0
    Visual stimuli can be classified so rapidly that their analysis may be based on a single sweep of feedforward processing through the visuomotor system. Behavioral criteria for feedforward processing can be evaluated in response priming tasks where speeded pointing or keypress responses are performed towards target stimuli which are preceded by prime stimuli. We apply this method to several classes of complex stimuli. 1) When participants classify natural images into animals or non-animals, the time course of their pointing responses (...)
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  18. James Stazicker (2011). Attention, Visual Consciousness and Indeterminacy. Mind and Language 26 (2):156-184.score: 192.0
    I propose a new argument showing that conscious vision sometimes depends constitutively on conscious attention. I criticise traditional arguments for this constitutive connection, on the basis that they fail adequately to dissociate evidence about visual consciousness from evidence about attention. On the same basis, I criticise Ned Block's recent counterargument that conscious vision is independent of one sort of attention (‘cognitive access'). Block appears to achieve the dissociation only because he underestimates the indeterminacy of visual (...)
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  19. Christian N. L. Olivers Falk Huettig, Ramesh Kumar Mishra (2011). Mechanisms and Representations of Language-Mediated Visual Attention. Frontiers in Psychology 2.score: 192.0
    The experimental investigation of language-mediated visual attention is a promising way to study the interaction of the cognitive systems involved in language, vision, attention, and memory. Here we review recent research addressing three key issues with regard to how this oculomotor behavior is instantiated: levels of representation at which language-derived and vision-derived representations are integrated; attentional mechanisms; and types of memory. Central points in our discussion are (a) the possibility that local microcircuitries involving feedforward and feedback loops (...)
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  20. Alexander Toet & Martin van Schaik (2013). Visual Attention for a Desktop Virtual Environment with Ambient Scent. Frontiers in Psychology 4:883.score: 192.0
    In the current study participants explored a desktop virtual environment (VE) representing a suburban neighborhood with signs of public disorder (neglect, vandalism and crime), while being exposed to either room air (control group), or subliminal levels of tar (unpleasant; typically associated with burned or waste material) or freshly cut grass (pleasant; typically associated with natural or fresh material) ambient odor. They reported all signs of disorder they noticed during their walk together with their associated emotional response. Based on recent evidence (...)
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  21. [deleted]Osamu Takai Anthony T. Herdman (2013). Paying Attention to Orthography: A Visual Evoked Potential Study. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 7.score: 192.0
    In adult readers, letters and words are rapidly identified within visual networks to allow for efficient reading abilities. Neuroimaging studies of orthography have mostly used words and letter strings that recruit many hierarchical levels in reading. Understanding how single letters are processed could provide further insight into orthographic processing. The present study investigated orthographic processing using single letters and pseudoletters when adults were encouraged to pay attention to or away from orthographic features. We measured evoked potentials (EPs) to (...)
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  22. Richard D. Wright (ed.) (1998). Visual Attention. Oxford University Press.score: 186.0
    This book contains a rich, interdisciplinary collection of articles by some of the pioneers of contemporary research on attention.
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  23. Victor A. F. Lamme (2005). Independent Neural Definitions of Visual Awareness and Attention. In Athanassios Raftopoulos (ed.), Cognitive Penetrability of Perception: Attention, Action, Strategies, and Bottom-Up Constraints. Nova Science Publishers. 171-191.score: 186.0
  24. Wayne Wu (2008). Visual Attention, Conceptual Content, and Doing It Right. Mind 117 (468):1003-1033.score: 180.0
    Reflection on the fine-grained information required for visual guidance of action has suggested that visual content is non-conceptual. I argue that in a common type of visually guided action, namely the use of manipulable artefacts, vision has conceptual content. Specifically, I show that these actions require visual attention and that concepts are involved in directing attention. In acting with artefacts, there is a way of doing it right as determined by the artefact’s conventional use. (...) must reflect our understanding of the function and appropriate ways to use these artefacts, understanding that requires possession of the relevant concept. As a result, we attend to the artefact’s relevant functional properties. In these cases, attention is structured by concepts. This discussion has a bearing on the dual visual stream hypothesis. While it is often held that the two visual streams are functionally independent, the argument of this essay is that the constraints on attention suggest a functional interaction between them. (shrink)
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  25. Mika Koivisto & Antti Revonsuo (2007). Electrophysiological Correlates of Visual Consciousness and Selective Attention. Neuroreport 18 (8):753-756.score: 180.0
  26. Luiz Pessoa (2005). To What Extent Are Emotional Visual Stimuli Processed Without Attention and Awareness? Current Opinion in Neurobiology 15 (2):188-196.score: 180.0
  27. Ronald A. Rensink, The Management of Visual Attention in Graphic Displays.score: 180.0
    This chapter presents an overview of several recent developments in vision science, and outlines some of their implications for the management of visual attention in graphic displays. These include ways of sending attention to the right item at the right time, techniques to improve attentional efficiency, and possibilities for offloading some of the processing typically done by attention onto nonattentional mechanisms. In addition it is argued that such techniques not only allow more effective use to be (...)
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  28. C. Bundesen & T. Habekost (2008). Principles of Visual Attention: Linking Mind and Brain. Oxford University Press Oxford.score: 180.0
    The nature of attention is one of the oldest and most central problems in psychology. A huge amount of research has been produced on this subject in the last half century, especially on attention in the visual modality, but a general explanation has remained elusive. Many still view attention research as a field that is fundamentally fragmented. This book takes a different perspective and presents a unified theory of visual attention: the TVA model. The (...)
     
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  29. Marie-Line Bosse, Marie-Josèphe Tainturier & Sylviane Valdois (2007). Developmental Dyslexia: The Visual Attention Span Deficit Hypothesis. Cognition 104 (2):198-230.score: 180.0
    The visual attention (VA) span is defined as the amount of distinct visual elements which can be processed in parallel in a multi-element array. Both recent empirical data and theoretical accounts suggest that a VA span deficit might contribute to developmental dyslexia, independently of a phonological disorder. In this study, this hypothesis was assessed in two large samples of French and British dyslexic children whose performance was compared to that of chronological-age matched control children. Results of the (...)
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  30. Steven J. Luck & Nancy J. Beach (1998). Visual Attention and the Binding Problem: A Neurophysiological Perspective. In Richard D. Wright (ed.), Visual Attention. Oxford University Press. 455--478.score: 180.0
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  31. Cyril Latimer (1999). Is There More to Visual Attention Than Meets the Eye? Behavioral and Brain Sciences 22 (4):690-691.score: 174.0
    Models of saccade generation and visual selective attention must explain how and why particular targets are selected. Findlay & Walker do an excellent job of explaining the how of visual selection, but not the why. For a salience map to be more than a description of the relative importance of potential targets, there must be some account of the learning and inheritance that fashion its peaks and troughs. Point of gaze is not necessarily region of attention, (...)
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  32. David Cornberg (2009). Power, Complexity and Post-Visual Attention. Cultura 6 (2):78-84.score: 174.0
    The transition from modernity to post-modernity features changes in values amplified by an enormous increase in visual stimuli. This increase motivates analysis of the power of attention to create the present. Complexity theory illuminates this power and leads to the startling conclusion that we spend much of our waking life in a gap of nonexistence.
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  33. Marianne Gullberg & Kenneth Holmqvist (2006). What Speakers Do and What Addressees Look At: Visual Attention to Gestures in Human Interaction Live and on Video. Pragmatics and Cognition 14 (1):53-84.score: 174.0
    This study investigates whether addressees visually attend to speakers¿ gestures in interaction and whether attention is modulated by changes in social setting and display size. We compare a live face-to-face setting to two video conditions. In all conditions, the face dominates as a fixation target and only a minority of gestures draw fixations. The social and size parameters affect gaze mainly when combined and in the opposite direction from the predicted with fewer gestures fixated on video than live. Gestural (...)
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  34. Mika Koivisto, Antti Revonsuo & Minna Lehtonen (2006). Independence of Visual Awareness From the Scope of Attention: An Electrophysiological Study. Cerebral Cortex 16 (3):415-424.score: 168.0
  35. Daniel T. Levin, Sarah B. Drivdahl, Nausheen Momen & Melissa R. Beck (2002). False Predictions About the Detectability of Visual Changes: The Role of Beliefs About Attention, Memory, and the Continuity of Attended Objects in Causing Change Blindness Blindness. Consciousness and Cognition 11 (4):507-527.score: 168.0
  36. E. Awh, K. M. Armstrong & T. Moore (2006). Visual and Oculomotor Selection: Links, Causes and Implications for Spatial Attention. Trends in Cognitive Sciences 10 (3):124-130.score: 168.0
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  37. [deleted]Aysegul Gunduz, Peter Brunner, Amy Daitch, Eric C. Leuthardt, Anthony L. Ritaccio, Bijan Pesaran & Gerwin Schalk (2011). Neural Correlates of Visual?Spatial Attention in Electrocorticographic Signals in Humans. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 5:89.score: 168.0
  38. Ralph Norman Haber (1964). A Replication of Selective Attention and Coding in Visual Perception. Journal of Experimental Psychology 67 (4):402.score: 168.0
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  39. Charles S. Harris & Ralph Norman Haber (1963). Selective Attention and Coding in Visual Perception. Journal of Experimental Psychology 65 (4):328.score: 168.0
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  40. Claire Braboszcz, B. Rael Cahn, Bhavani Balakrishnan, Raj K. Maturi, Romain Grandchamp & Arnaud Delorme (2013). Plasticity of Visual Attention in Isha Yoga Meditation Practitioners Before and After a 3-Month Retreat. Frontiers in Psychology 4:914.score: 168.0
    Meditation has lately received considerable interest from cognitive neuroscience. Studies suggest that daily meditation leads to long lasting attentional and neuronal plasticity. We present changes related to the attentional systems before and after a 3 month intensive meditation retreat. We used 3 behavioral psychophysical tests - a Stroop task, an attentional blink task, and a global-local letter task - to assess the effect of Isha yoga meditation on attentional resource allocation. 82 Isha yoga practitioners were tested at the beginning and (...)
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  41. Lance K. Canon (1971). Directed Attention and Maladaptive "Adaptation" to Displacement of the Visual Field. Journal of Experimental Psychology 88 (3):403.score: 168.0
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  42. Piotr Jaskoski, Rob H. J. van der Lubbe, Erik Schlotterbeck & Rolf Verleger (2002). Traces Left on Visual Selective Attention by Stimuli That Are Not Consciously Identified. Psychological Science 13 (1):48-54.score: 168.0
  43. L. E. Travis & M. E. Hall (1938). Effect of Visual After-Sensations Upon Brain Potential Patterning Under Different Degrees of Attention. Journal of Experimental Psychology 22 (5):472.score: 168.0
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  44. Robert G. Webster & George M. Haslerud (1964). Influence on Extreme Peripheral Vision of Attention to a Visual or Auditory Task. Journal of Experimental Psychology 68 (3):269.score: 168.0
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  45. Jay Friedenberg (2013). Visual Attention and Consciousness. Psychology Press.score: 162.0
    The systematic review of key topics and the multitude of perspectives make this book an ideal primary or ancillary text for graduate courses in perception, vision, consciousness, or philosophy of mind.
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  46. Daniel C. Richardson Rick Dale, Natasha Z. Kirkham (2011). The Dynamics of Reference and Shared Visual Attention. Frontiers in Psychology 2.score: 162.0
    In the tangram task, two participants are presented with the same set of abstract shapes portrayed in different orders. One participant must instruct the other to arrange their shapes so that the orders match. To do this, they must find a way to refer to the abstract shapes. In the current experiment, the eye movements of pairs of participants were tracked while they were engaged in a computerized version of the task. Results revealed the canonical tangram effect: participants became faster (...)
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  47. B. Fischer & H. Weber (1993). Express Saccades and Visual Attention. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 16 (3):553.score: 162.0
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  48. [deleted]Yariv Festman, Jos J. Adam, Jay Pratt & Martin H. Fischer (2013). Both Hand Position and Movement Direction Modulate Visual Attention. Frontiers in Psychology 4.score: 162.0
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  49. Daniel Collerton, Elaine Perry & Ian McKeith (2005). Why People See Things That Are Not There: A Novel Perception and Attention Deficit Model for Recurrent Complex Visual Hallucinations. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 28 (6):737-757.score: 156.0
    As many as two million people in the United Kingdom repeatedly see people, animals, and objects that have no objective reality. Hallucinations on the border of sleep, dementing illnesses, delirium, eye disease, and schizophrenia account for 90% of these. The remainder have rarer disorders. We review existing models of recurrent complex visual hallucinations (RCVH) in the awake person, including cortical irritation, cortical hyperexcitability and cortical release, top-down activation, misperception, dream intrusion, and interactive models. We provide evidence that these can (...)
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  50. Imogen Dickie (2011). Visual Attention Fixes Demonstrative Reference By Eliminating Referential Luck. In Christopher Mole, Declan Smithies & Wayne Wu (eds.), Attention: Philosophical and Psychological Essays. Oxford University Press.score: 156.0
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