Linked bibliography for the SEP article " Kazimierz Twardowski" by Arianna Betti

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Primary Sources

(1892) Idee und Perception. Eine erkenntnis-theoretische Untersuchung aus Descartes, Wien: Hölder.
(1894) Zur Lehre vom Inhalt und Gegenstand der Vorstellungen—Eine psychologische Untersuchung , Wien: 1894 (anast. repr. Philosophia Verlag, München-Wien, 1982). Eng. transl. On the Content and Object of Presentations (R. Grossmann), The Hague: M. Nijhoff, 1977. French transl. Sur la théorie du contenu et de l'objet des représentations, dans E. Husserl et K. Twardowski, Sur les objets intentionnels, 1893–1901, trad., introduction et notes de J. English, Paris, Librairie Philosophique J. Vrin, 1993. Italian transl. Sulla dottrina del contenuto e dell'oggetto delle rappresentazioni: una ricerca psicologica, in Contenuto e oggetto, a cura di S. Besoli, Torino: Bollati Boringhieri, 1988.
(1894/5) Logik (Logic). Manuscript lecture notes, Winter Semester 1894/5, Vienna University, pp. 274. Twardowski Archives, Biblioteka IFiS PAN, Warsaw. Available online here and here (registration required). Critical edition by Arianna Betti and Venanzio Raspa as Logik - Wiener Logikkolleg 1894/5, Berlin: de Gruyter, 2016.
(1895) Die Unsterblichkeitsfrage (The Problem of Immortality). Manuscript lecture notes, Spring Semester 1894/5, Vienna University, pp. 227. Online at (registration required). Now edited by Michał Sepioło as Die Unsterblichkeitsfrage, Wydawnictwo WFiS UW, Warszawa Twardowski Archives, Biblioteka IFiS PAN, Warsaw, 2009.
(1895/6) Logika (Logic). Manuscript lecture notes, Winter Semester 1895/6, Lvov University, pp. 244. Twardowski Archives, Biblioteka IFiS PAN, Warsaw. Online at (registration required). Working Eng. Transl. (Arianna Betti) on the Polish Philosophy Page at
(1897a) “Psychologia wobec filozofii i fizjologii” (Psychology vs. Physiology and Philosophy), Przegląd Naukowy i Literacki 30, pp.17–41. Reprinted in (1927a), pp. 3–32 and (1965), pp. 92–113. Engl. transl. from Polish (Art Szylewicz) in: Twardowski (1999), pp. 41–64.
(1897b) Letter to Meinong (11.7.1897), in Kindinger, R. (ed.) Philosophenbriefe—Aus der wissenschaftlichen Korrespondenz von Alexius Meinong, Graz: Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, 1965, p. 143–4.
(1898) Wyobrażenia i pojęcia (Images and Concepts). Lvov: Altenberg, 1898. Repr. in Twardowski (1965), pp. 114–197.
(1900) “O tak zwanych prawdach względnych” (On the So-Called Relative Truths). Księga Pamiątkowa Uniwersytetu lwowskiego ku uczczeniu pięćsetnej rocznicy fundacji Jagiellońskiej Uniwersytetu krakowskiego. Lwów, nakładem Senatu Akademickiego Uniwersytetu lwowskiego, 1900; repr. in Twardowski (1965), pp. 315–36; Modified German transl.“Über sogenannte relative Wahrheiten” (M. Wartenberg), Archiv für systematische Philosophie 8, 1902: 415–47; repr. in Pearce, D. and Woleński, J. (eds.), 1988, Logische rationalismus. Ausgewählte Schriften der Lemberg-Warschauer Schule, Frankfurt: Athenäum, pp. 38–58. Engl. transl. from Polish (Art Szylewicz) in (1999), pp.147–169.
(1903) “Über begriffliche Vorstellungen” (On Conceptual Presentations), (Vortrag gehalten am 18. November 1902 in der Philosophischen Gesellschaft an der Universität zu Wien). Wissenschaftliche Beilage zum 16. Jahresberichte der philosophischen Gesellschaft an der Universität zu Wien. Leipzig: Barth, pp. 1–28 (also as extract: Leipzig, 1903, pp. 28).
(1905-24) O sceptycyzmie etycznym (On ethical skepticism) 1905/06 to 1923/1924, several sets of manuscript lecture notes, Lvov University, Twardowski Archives, Biblioteka IFiS PAN, Warsaw. Available online here and here (registration required). Collated fragments published in a single edition by Izydora Dąmbska as “Wykłady z etyki. O sceptycyzmie etycznym”, Etyka 9 (1971), pp. 171–222. Eng. transl. (Alicja Chybińska) in (2014), pp. 237–286.
(1907/08) Psychologia myślenia (Psychology of Thinking). Manuscript lecture notes, Lvov University, pp. 31. Twardowski Archives, Biblioteka IFiS PAN, Warsaw. Online at (registration required).
(1912) “O czynnościach i wytworach—Kilka uwag z pogranicza psychologii, gramatyki i logiki” in Księga Pamiątkowa ku uczczeniu 250-tej rocznicy założenia Uniwersytetu lwowskiego przez króla Jana Kazimierza. Tom II. Lwów, nakładem Uniwersytetu lwowskiego, 1912, S. 1–33 (also as extract, Krakow, 1911, p. 33.). Reprint in (1927a), pp. 96–128 and in (1965), pp. 217–240. German version: “Funktionen und Gebilde” (Johannes L. Brandl ed.), Conceptus XXIX (75), 1996, pp. 157–189. French version: “Fonctions et produits” (>1912), manuscript, Twardowski Archives, Biblioteka IFiS PAN, Warsaw. Online at required). Engl. transl. on the basis of German and Polish (Art Szylewicz) in (1999), pp. 103–132. Italian translation: “Funzioni e prodotti” (Enrica Natalini) Axiomathes 3, 1998: 325–359.
(1919/20) “O jasnym i niejasnym stylu filozoficznym” (On Clear and Unclear Philosophical Style), Ruch filozoficzny V: 25–7; reprinted in (1965), pp. 203–5. Engl. transl. (Art Szylewicz) in (1999), pp. 103–132.
(1921) “Symbolomania i pragmatophobia” (Symbolomania and pragmatophobia), Ruch filozoficzny VI: 1–10; reprinted in (1965), pp.394–406. Engl. transl. (Art Szylewicz) in (1999), pp. 257–259.
(1924) O istocie pojęć (On the Essence of Concepts), Lwów: Nakładem PTF, (Odczyty filozoficzne, II.), pp. VI+38. Eng. transl. (Art Szylewicz) in (1999), pp. 73–97
(1926) “Kazimierz Twardowski: Selbstdarstellung”. (1926). (Woleński, J. and Binder, T., eds.) Grazer Philosophische Studien 39, 1991: 1–24. Engl. transl. (Art Szylewicz) in (1999), pp. 17–31.
(1927a) Rozprawy i artykuły filozoficzne, Lwów: Książnica-Atlas, 1927.
(1927b) “Z logiki przymiotników” (On the Logic of Adjectives), Przegląd Filozoficzny XXX, pp. 292–294; repr. in (1965), pp. 373–375; Eng. transl. (Art Szylewicz) in (1999), pp. 141–143.
(1965) Wybrane pisma filozoficzne, Warszawa: PWN, 1965. It contains a precious extensive bibliography by Daniela Gromska, “Bibliografia prac Kazimierza Twardowskiego”, pp. XIII–XXXVI.
(1999) On Actions, Products and Other Topics in Philosophy (Johannes Brandl and Jan Wolenski, eds.), Amsterdam: Rodopi, 1999. It contains a selected bibliography.
(2014) On Prejudices, Judgments and Other Topics in Philosophy (Anna Brożek and Jacek J. Jadacki, eds.), Amsterdam/NY: Brill/Rodopi.

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