The PhilPapers SurveysHighest linear correlations (Back to contents)

Correlations with: affil:region:Europe

N = 931 (target faculty). Cut-off = +/-0.05

n < 10 omitted. Some redundant or trivial correlations are not shown.

Jump to: Main Survey questions | Philosophical orientation | Background questions

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Main Survey questions

Answer Corrrelation coefficient
Proper names:Fregean0.146
Fregean Millian
Europe
58.6%(34/58)
27.5%(16/58)
not Europe
33.5%(243/725)
49.5%(359/725)
Response pairs: 783   p-value: < 0.001
Moral judgment:non-cognitivism0.083
non-cognitivism cognitivism
Europe
30.5%(18/59)
59.3%(35/59)
not Europe
18.5%(151/816)
73.1%(597/816)
Response pairs: 875   p-value: 0.014
not Normative ethics:deontology0.08
deontology not deontology
Europe
18.5%(10/54)
70.3%(38/54)
not Europe
30.9%(231/746)
54.8%(409/746)
Response pairs: 800   p-value: 0.023
Aesthetic value:subjective0.073
objective subjective
Europe
33.8%(21/62)
58%(36/62)
not Europe
46.2%(385/833)
38.1%(318/833)
Response pairs: 895   p-value: 0.028
Science:scientific anti-realism0.071
scientific anti-realism scientific realism
Europe
17.7%(11/62)
70.9%(44/62)
not Europe
11.7%(99/844)
81.1%(685/844)
Response pairs: 906   p-value: 0.032
Moral motivation:internalism0.065
internalism externalism
Europe
63.2%(31/49)
32.6%(16/49)
not Europe
43.1%(311/721)
38.4%(277/721)
Response pairs: 770   p-value: 0.071
God:atheism0.064
atheism theism
Europe
88.7%(55/62)
9.6%(6/62)
not Europe
72.8%(623/855)
18%(154/855)
Response pairs: 917   p-value: 0.052
Normative ethics:virtue ethics0.062
virtue ethics not virtue ethics
Europe
31.4%(17/54)
57.4%(31/54)
not Europe
20.3%(152/746)
65.4%(488/746)
Response pairs: 800   p-value: 0.079
Meta-ethics:moral anti-realism0.06
moral anti-realism moral realism
Europe
45.6%(26/57)
52.6%(30/57)
not Europe
27.8%(234/839)
63%(529/839)
Response pairs: 896   p-value: 0.072
Epistemic justification:externalism0.056
internalism externalism
Europe
27.1%(16/59)
59.3%(35/59)
not Europe
33.7%(273/809)
48%(389/809)
Response pairs: 868   p-value: 0.099
Knowledge:empiricism0.055
empiricism rationalism
Europe
48.3%(30/62)
27.4%(17/62)
not Europe
41.4%(355/857)
35%(300/857)
Response pairs: 919   p-value: 0.095
not Truth:deflationary0.055
deflationary not deflationary
Europe
18.3%(11/60)
78.3%(47/60)
not Europe
27.3%(220/803)
66.3%(533/803)
Response pairs: 863   p-value: 0.106
Personal identity:psychological view0.054
psychological view not psychological view
Europe
46.2%(25/54)
27.7%(15/54)
not Europe
37.9%(288/759)
41.6%(316/759)
Response pairs: 813   p-value: 0.123
Free will:compatibilism0.054
compatibilism not compatibilism
Europe
71.1%(42/59)
22%(13/59)
not Europe
60.4%(508/840)
30.2%(254/840)
Response pairs: 899   p-value: 0.105
Normative ethics:consequentialism0.05
consequentialism not consequentialism
Europe
35.1%(19/54)
53.7%(29/54)
not Europe
26.9%(201/746)
58.8%(439/746)
Response pairs: 800   p-value: 0.157
not Free will:no free will0.05
no free will free will
Europe
8.4%(5/59)
84.7%(50/59)
not Europe
12.9%(109/840)
77.7%(653/840)
Response pairs: 899   p-value: 0.134

Philosophical orientation

Answer Corrrelation coefficient
AOS:Philosophy of Language0.136
Philosophy of Language not Philosophy of Language
Europe
38%(24/63)
61.9%(39/63)
not Europe
17%(148/868)
82.9%(720/868)
Response pairs: 931   p-value: < 0.001
AOS:Philosophy of Action0.103
Philosophy of Action not Philosophy of Action
Europe
12.6%(8/63)
87.3%(55/63)
not Europe
4%(35/868)
95.9%(833/868)
Response pairs: 931   p-value: 0.001
xian:Frege0.101
Frege not Frege
Europe
17.4%(11/63)
82.5%(52/63)
not Europe
6.7%(59/868)
93.2%(809/868)
Response pairs: 931   p-value: 0.002
AOS:Philosophy of Mind0.074
Philosophy of Mind not Philosophy of Mind
Europe
31.7%(20/63)
68.2%(43/63)
not Europe
19.7%(171/868)
80.2%(697/868)
Response pairs: 931   p-value: 0.023
xian:Davidson0.07
Davidson not Davidson
Europe
11.1%(7/63)
88.8%(56/63)
not Europe
4.8%(42/868)
95.1%(826/868)
Response pairs: 931   p-value: 0.032
not AOS:Ancient Greek Philosophy0.056
Ancient Greek Philosophy not Ancient Greek Philosophy
Europe
~1.5%(~1/63)
~98.4%(~62/63)
not Europe
7.2%(63/868)
92.7%(805/868)
Response pairs: 931   p-value: 0.087
AOS:Logic and Philosophy of Logic0.054
Logic and Philosophy of Logic not Logic and Philosophy of Logic
Europe
15.8%(10/63)
84.1%(53/63)
not Europe
9.4%(82/868)
90.5%(786/868)
Response pairs: 931   p-value: 0.099
not xian:Quine0.054
Quine not Quine
Europe
~1.5%(~1/63)
~98.4%(~62/63)
not Europe
6.9%(60/868)
93%(808/868)
Response pairs: 931   p-value: 0.099
not AOS:Social and Political Philosophy0.052
Social and Political Philosophy not Social and Political Philosophy
Europe
4.7%(3/63)
95.2%(60/63)
not Europe
11.1%(97/868)
88.8%(771/868)
Response pairs: 931   p-value: 0.112

Background questions

Answer Corrrelation coefficient
nationality_region:Europe0.558
Europe not Europe
Europe
80.9%(51/63)
19%(12/63)
not Europe
7.4%(65/868)
92.5%(803/868)
Response pairs: 931   p-value: < 0.001
phd_region:Europe0.491
Europe not Europe
Europe
44.4%(28/63)
55.5%(35/63)
not Europe
2%(18/868)
97.9%(850/868)
Response pairs: 931   p-value: < 0.001
not nationality_region:United States0.257
United States not United States
Europe
~1.5%(~1/63)
~98.4%(~62/63)
not Europe
54.3%(472/868)
45.6%(396/868)
Response pairs: 931   p-value: < 0.001
not phd_region:United States0.244
United States not United States
Europe
7.9%(5/63)
92%(58/63)
not Europe
56.5%(491/868)
43.4%(377/868)
Response pairs: 931   p-value: < 0.001
response_time0.119
response_time ≥ median response_time < median
Europe
68.8%(42/61)
31.1%(19/61)
not Europe
48.6%(411/844)
51.3%(433/844)
Response pairs: 905   p-value: < 0.001
not nationality_region:United Kingdom0.073
United Kingdom not United Kingdom
Europe
6.3%(4/63)
93.6%(59/63)
not Europe
17.2%(150/868)
82.7%(718/868)
Response pairs: 931   p-value: 0.025
not nationality_region:Canada0.073
Canada not Canada
Europe
~1.5%(~1/63)
~98.4%(~62/63)
not Europe
7.4%(65/868)
92.5%(803/868)
Response pairs: 931   p-value: 0.025
gender:female0.063
female male
Europe
27.5%(16/58)
72.4%(42/58)
not Europe
17.7%(146/823)
82.2%(677/823)
Response pairs: 881   p-value: 0.061
not phd_region:United Kingdom0.062
United Kingdom not United Kingdom
Europe
4.7%(3/63)
95.2%(60/63)
not Europe
13%(113/868)
86.9%(755/868)
Response pairs: 931   p-value: 0.058
year_of_phd0.057
year_of_phd ≥ median year_of_phd < median
Europe
58.5%(24/41)
41.4%(17/41)
not Europe
49.9%(339/679)
50%(340/679)
Response pairs: 720   p-value: 0.126