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The PhilPapers SurveysHighest linear correlations (Back to contents)

Correlations with: affil:region:United States

N = 931 (target faculty). Cut-off = +/-0.05

n < 10 omitted. Some redundant or trivial correlations are not shown.

Jump to: Main Survey questions | Philosophical orientation | Background questions

flip contingency tables

Main Survey questions

Answer Corrrelation coefficient
Proper names:Millian0.149
Fregean Millian
United States
28.6%(134/467)
52.2%(244/467)
not United States
45.2%(143/316)
41.4%(131/316)
Response pairs: 783   p-value: < 0.001
not Perceptual experience:disjunctivism0.142
disjunctivism not disjunctivism
United States
10%(43/430)
74.4%(320/430)
not United States
20.6%(59/286)
63.9%(183/286)
Response pairs: 716   p-value: < 0.001
Normative ethics:deontology0.137
deontology not deontology
United States
34.4%(169/491)
50.5%(248/491)
not United States
23.3%(72/309)
64.4%(199/309)
Response pairs: 800   p-value: < 0.001
Zombies:metaphysically possible0.103
metaphysically possible not metaphysically possible
United States
29.7%(148/497)
55.7%(277/497)
not United States
21%(69/328)
66.4%(218/328)
Response pairs: 825   p-value: 0.003
not Normative ethics:consequentialism0.093
consequentialism not consequentialism
United States
24%(118/491)
60.8%(299/491)
not United States
33%(102/309)
54.6%(169/309)
Response pairs: 800   p-value: 0.008
Epistemic justification:internalism0.087
externalism internalism
United States
47.6%(251/527)
34.1%(180/527)
not United States
55.7%(190/341)
26.9%(92/341)
Response pairs: 868   p-value: 0.01
Teletransporter:death0.085
death survival
United States
38.8%(194/500)
40%(200/500)
not United States
31.1%(99/318)
47.1%(150/318)
Response pairs: 818   p-value: 0.015
Analytic-synthetic distinction:no0.085
no yes
United States
29.8%(167/560)
63.5%(356/560)
not United States
24.4%(88/360)
70.8%(255/360)
Response pairs: 920   p-value: 0.009
Personal identity:further-fact view0.08
further-fact view not further-fact view
United States
17.3%(85/490)
62.4%(306/490)
not United States
8.9%(29/323)
69.3%(224/323)
Response pairs: 813   p-value: 0.022
not Truth:deflationary0.079
deflationary not deflationary
United States
24.7%(129/521)
69.6%(363/521)
not United States
29.8%(102/342)
63.4%(217/342)
Response pairs: 863   p-value: 0.02
Truth:correspondence0.078
correspondence not correspondence
United States
57.5%(300/521)
36.8%(192/521)
not United States
50.5%(173/342)
42.6%(146/342)
Response pairs: 863   p-value: 0.021
Mind:non-physicalism0.074
physicalism non-physicalism
United States
55.5%(310/558)
32.2%(180/558)
not United States
60.8%(219/360)
28.3%(102/360)
Response pairs: 918   p-value: 0.024
not Personal identity:biological view0.072
biological view not biological view
United States
16.7%(82/490)
63%(309/490)
not United States
23.2%(75/323)
55.1%(178/323)
Response pairs: 813   p-value: 0.04
Knowledge claims:contextualism0.067
contextualism not contextualism
United States
48.1%(233/484)
39.8%(193/484)
not United States
44.3%(140/316)
44.9%(142/316)
Response pairs: 800   p-value: 0.058
Moral judgment:cognitvism0.066
non-cognitivism cognitivism
United States
18.5%(98/527)
75.1%(396/527)
not United States
20.4%(71/348)
67.8%(236/348)
Response pairs: 875   p-value: 0.05
not Knowledge claims:invariantism0.065
invariantism not invariantism
United States
34.2%(166/484)
53.7%(260/484)
not United States
39.2%(124/316)
50%(158/316)
Response pairs: 800   p-value: 0.066
Time:A-theory0.064
A-theory B-theory
United States
28.7%(97/337)
42.7%(144/337)
not United States
30.8%(76/246)
50.8%(125/246)
Response pairs: 583   p-value: 0.122
not Free will:compatibilism0.064
compatibilism not compatibilism
United States
58.2%(320/549)
32.7%(180/549)
not United States
65.7%(230/350)
24.8%(87/350)
Response pairs: 899   p-value: 0.055
not Truth:epistemic0.064
epistemic not epistemic
United States
7.1%(37/521)
87.3%(455/521)
not United States
7.8%(27/342)
85.3%(292/342)
Response pairs: 863   p-value: 0.06
Free will:libertarianism0.061
libertarianism not libertarianism
United States
16.2%(89/549)
74.8%(411/549)
not United States
11.1%(39/350)
79.4%(278/350)
Response pairs: 899   p-value: 0.067
Knowledge:rationalism0.061
empiricism rationalism
United States
40.4%(226/559)
36.4%(204/559)
not United States
44.1%(159/360)
31.3%(113/360)
Response pairs: 919   p-value: 0.064
God:theism0.058
atheism theism
United States
72.2%(404/559)
19.4%(109/559)
not United States
76.5%(274/358)
14.2%(51/358)
Response pairs: 917   p-value: 0.079
Meta-ethics:moral realism0.058
moral anti-realism moral realism
United States
26.4%(146/552)
64.8%(358/552)
not United States
33.1%(114/344)
58.4%(201/344)
Response pairs: 896   p-value: 0.082
Perceptual experience:qualia theory0.057
qualia theory not qualia theory
United States
18.3%(79/430)
66%(284/430)
not United States
12.2%(35/286)
72.3%(207/286)
Response pairs: 716   p-value: 0.127
not Knowledge claims:relativism0.057
relativism not relativism
United States
3.3%(16/484)
84.7%(410/484)
not United States
3.4%(11/316)
85.7%(271/316)
Response pairs: 800   p-value: 0.107
not Zombies:conceivable but not metaphysically possible0.055
conceivable but not metaphysically possible not conceivable but not metaphysically possible
United States
38%(189/497)
47.4%(236/497)
not United States
43.2%(142/328)
44.2%(145/328)
Response pairs: 825   p-value: 0.114
not Personal identity:psychological view0.054
psychological view not psychological view
United States
37.3%(183/490)
42.4%(208/490)
not United States
40.2%(130/323)
38%(123/323)
Response pairs: 813   p-value: 0.123
Metaphilosophy:naturalism0.053
naturalism non-naturalism
United States
57.3%(301/525)
29.3%(154/525)
not United States
50.6%(167/330)
31.2%(103/330)
Response pairs: 855   p-value: 0.121
Newcomb's problem:one box0.053
one box two boxes
United States
32.8%(135/411)
44.7%(184/411)
not United States
26.1%(66/252)
47.2%(119/252)
Response pairs: 663   p-value: 0.172
Moral motivation:externalism0.051
internalism externalism
United States
42.1%(199/472)
39.4%(186/472)
not United States
47.9%(143/298)
35.9%(107/298)
Response pairs: 770   p-value: 0.157

Philosophical orientation

Answer Corrrelation coefficient
xian:Quine0.086
Quine not Quine
United States
8.2%(47/569)
91.7%(522/569)
not United States
3.8%(14/362)
96.1%(348/362)
Response pairs: 931   p-value: 0.008
xian:Husserl0.083
Husserl not Husserl
United States
1.7%(10/569)
98.2%(559/569)
not United States
~0.2%(~1/362)
~99.7%(~361/362)
Response pairs: 931   p-value: 0.011
not xian:Frege0.081
Frege not Frege
United States
5.7%(33/569)
94.2%(536/569)
not United States
10.2%(37/362)
89.7%(325/362)
Response pairs: 931   p-value: 0.013
xian:Mill0.077
Mill not Mill
United States
5.7%(33/569)
94.2%(536/569)
not United States
2.4%(9/362)
97.5%(353/362)
Response pairs: 931   p-value: 0.018
tradition:continental0.074
continental analytic
United States
4.7%(27/569)
86.4%(492/569)
not United States
1.9%(7/362)
90.6%(328/362)
Response pairs: 931   p-value: 0.023
not xian:Lewis0.068
Lewis not Lewis
United States
5.9%(34/569)
94%(535/569)
not United States
9.6%(35/362)
90.3%(327/362)
Response pairs: 931   p-value: 0.038
not AOS:Asian Philosophy0.066
Asian Philosophy not Asian Philosophy
United States
0.5%(3/569)
99.4%(566/569)
not United States
1.9%(7/362)
98%(355/362)
Response pairs: 931   p-value: 0.044
not AOS:Philosophy of Mind0.058
Philosophy of Mind not Philosophy of Mind
United States
18.6%(106/569)
81.3%(463/569)
not United States
23.4%(85/362)
76.5%(277/362)
Response pairs: 931   p-value: 0.076
not AOS:Meta-Ethics0.058
Meta-Ethics not Meta-Ethics
United States
9.4%(54/569)
90.5%(515/569)
not United States
13.2%(48/362)
86.7%(314/362)
Response pairs: 931   p-value: 0.076
xian:Rawls0.056
Rawls not Rawls
United States
5.4%(31/569)
94.5%(538/569)
not United States
3%(11/362)
96.9%(351/362)
Response pairs: 931   p-value: 0.087
not AOS:Philosophy of Action0.055
Philosophy of Action not Philosophy of Action
United States
3.6%(21/569)
96.3%(548/569)
not United States
6%(22/362)
93.9%(340/362)
Response pairs: 931   p-value: 0.093
AOS:Philosophy of Probability0.052
Philosophy of Probability not Philosophy of Probability
United States
2.6%(15/569)
97.3%(554/569)
not United States
1.1%(4/362)
98.8%(358/362)
Response pairs: 931   p-value: 0.112
AOS:Philosophy of Law0.05
Philosophy of Law not Philosophy of Law
United States
3.6%(21/569)
96.3%(548/569)
not United States
1.9%(7/362)
98%(355/362)
Response pairs: 931   p-value: 0.127

Background questions

Answer Corrrelation coefficient
nationality_region:United States0.596
United States not United States
United States
74.6%(425/569)
25.3%(144/569)
not United States
13.5%(49/362)
86.4%(313/362)
Response pairs: 931   p-value: < 0.001
phd_region:United States0.48
United States not United States
United States
72.4%(412/569)
27.5%(157/569)
not United States
23.2%(84/362)
76.7%(278/362)
Response pairs: 931   p-value: < 0.001
not nationality_region:United Kingdom0.362
United Kingdom not United Kingdom
United States
5.7%(33/569)
94.2%(536/569)
not United States
33.4%(121/362)
66.5%(241/362)
Response pairs: 931   p-value: < 0.001
not phd_region:United Kingdom0.319
United Kingdom not United Kingdom
United States
4%(23/569)
95.9%(546/569)
not United States
25.6%(93/362)
74.3%(269/362)
Response pairs: 931   p-value: < 0.001
not nationality_region:Europe0.286
Europe not Europe
United States
4.9%(28/569)
95%(541/569)
not United States
24.3%(88/362)
75.6%(274/362)
Response pairs: 931   p-value: < 0.001
not phd_region:Europe0.214
Europe not Europe
United States
1.2%(7/569)
98.7%(562/569)
not United States
10.7%(39/362)
89.2%(323/362)
Response pairs: 931   p-value: < 0.001
year_of_phd-0.188
year_of_phd ≥ median year_of_phd < median
United States
44.5%(203/456)
55.4%(253/456)
not United States
60.6%(160/264)
39.3%(104/264)
Response pairs: 720   p-value: < 0.001
not phd_region:Australasia0.178
Australasia not Australasia
United States
0.7%(4/569)
99.2%(565/569)
not United States
7.1%(26/362)
92.8%(336/362)
Response pairs: 931   p-value: < 0.001
not nationality_region:Canada0.17
Canada not Canada
United States
3.5%(20/569)
96.4%(549/569)
not United States
12.4%(45/362)
87.5%(317/362)
Response pairs: 931   p-value: < 0.001
not nationality_region:Australasia0.161
Australasia not Australasia
United States
2.6%(15/569)
97.3%(554/569)
not United States
10.2%(37/362)
89.7%(325/362)
Response pairs: 931   p-value: < 0.001
year_of_birth-0.136
year_of_birth ≥ median year_of_birth < median
United States
45.6%(242/530)
54.3%(288/530)
not United States
57.6%(196/340)
42.3%(144/340)
Response pairs: 870   p-value: < 0.001
response_time-0.077
response_time ≥ median response_time < median
United States
46.9%(262/558)
53%(296/558)
not United States
55%(191/347)
44.9%(156/347)
Response pairs: 905   p-value: 0.02