The PhilPapers SurveysHighest linear correlations (Back to contents)

Correlations with: nationality_region:Europe

N = 931 (target faculty). Cut-off = +/-0.05

n < 10 omitted. Some redundant or trivial correlations are not shown.

Jump to: Main Survey questions | Philosophical orientation | Background questions

flip contingency tables

Main Survey questions

Answer Corrrelation coefficient
Aesthetic value:subjective0.132
subjective objective
Europe
57.1%(64/112)
30.3%(34/112)
not Europe
35.8%(281/783)
48.6%(381/783)
Response pairs: 895   p-value: < 0.001
Meta-ethics:moral anti-realism0.128
moral realism moral anti-realism
Europe
42.9%(46/107)
51.4%(55/107)
not Europe
60.9%(481/789)
30%(237/789)
Response pairs: 896   p-value: < 0.001
Proper names:Fregean0.124
Fregean Millian
Europe
50.9%(53/104)
32.6%(34/104)
not Europe
32.9%(224/679)
50.2%(341/679)
Response pairs: 783   p-value: < 0.001
Moral judgment:non-cognitivism0.12
non-cognitivism cognitivism
Europe
30.2%(33/109)
56.8%(62/109)
not Europe
17.7%(136/766)
74.4%(570/766)
Response pairs: 875   p-value: < 0.001
Abstract objects:nominalism0.085
nominalism Platonism
Europe
50.4%(56/111)
40.5%(45/111)
not Europe
37.9%(297/783)
51.2%(401/783)
Response pairs: 894   p-value: 0.011
Laws of nature:Humean0.076
Humean non-Humean
Europe
37.3%(40/107)
52.3%(56/107)
not Europe
25.2%(191/757)
65.2%(494/757)
Response pairs: 864   p-value: 0.025
Newcomb's problem:two boxes0.074
two boxes one box
Europe
51.8%(43/83)
20.4%(17/83)
not Europe
43.4%(252/580)
33.1%(192/580)
Response pairs: 663   p-value: 0.056
Time:B-theory0.074
A-theory B-theory
Europe
22.3%(19/85)
55.2%(47/85)
not Europe
30.9%(154/498)
44.5%(222/498)
Response pairs: 583   p-value: 0.074
not Normative ethics:deontology0.071
deontology not deontology
Europe
21.6%(21/97)
65.9%(64/97)
not Europe
31.2%(220/703)
54.4%(383/703)
Response pairs: 800   p-value: 0.044
not Zombies:metaphysically possible0.07
metaphysically possible not metaphysically possible
Europe
18.8%(20/106)
66.9%(71/106)
not Europe
27.3%(197/719)
58.9%(424/719)
Response pairs: 825   p-value: 0.044
Truth:epistemic0.069
epistemic not epistemic
Europe
12.6%(14/111)
82.8%(92/111)
not Europe
6.6%(50/752)
87.1%(655/752)
Response pairs: 863   p-value: 0.042
Analytic-synthetic distinction:yes0.068
yes no
Europe
75%(87/116)
22.4%(26/116)
not Europe
64.6%(520/804)
28.9%(233/804)
Response pairs: 920   p-value: 0.039
Science:scientific anti-realism0.068
scientific anti-realism scientific realism
Europe
19.1%(22/115)
75.6%(87/115)
not Europe
11.1%(88/791)
81.1%(642/791)
Response pairs: 906   p-value: 0.04
Moral motivation:internalism0.067
externalism internalism
Europe
34.3%(33/96)
56.2%(54/96)
not Europe
38.7%(261/674)
42.5%(287/674)
Response pairs: 770   p-value: 0.063
Normative ethics:consequentialism0.065
consequentialism not consequentialism
Europe
36%(35/97)
51.5%(50/97)
not Europe
26.3%(185/703)
59.4%(418/703)
Response pairs: 800   p-value: 0.066
Free will:compatibilism0.061
compatibilism not compatibilism
Europe
72.7%(80/110)
20.9%(23/110)
not Europe
59.5%(470/789)
30.9%(244/789)
Response pairs: 899   p-value: 0.067
External world:idealism0.06
idealism not idealism
Europe
6%(7/115)
88.6%(102/115)
not Europe
4.1%(33/800)
92.2%(738/800)
Response pairs: 915   p-value: 0.069
not Free will:libertarianism0.06
libertarianism not libertarianism
Europe
7.2%(8/110)
86.3%(95/110)
not Europe
15.2%(120/789)
75.2%(594/789)
Response pairs: 899   p-value: 0.072
not Personal identity:further-fact view0.059
further-fact view not further-fact view
Europe
7%(7/99)
71.7%(71/99)
not Europe
14.9%(107/714)
64.2%(459/714)
Response pairs: 813   p-value: 0.092
God:atheism0.057
theism atheism
Europe
8.8%(10/113)
83.1%(94/113)
not Europe
15.6%(126/804)
75.6%(608/804)
Response pairs: 917   p-value: 0.084
Normative ethics:virtue ethics0.056
virtue ethics not virtue ethics
Europe
26.8%(26/97)
60.8%(59/97)
not Europe
20.3%(143/703)
65.4%(460/703)
Response pairs: 800   p-value: 0.113
Politics:egalitarianism0.051
egalitarianism not egalitarianism
Europe
45.5%(41/90)
33.3%(30/90)
not Europe
42.8%(283/661)
39.9%(264/661)
Response pairs: 751   p-value: 0.162
not Perceptual experience:disjunctivism0.05
disjunctivism not disjunctivism
Europe
13.1%(12/91)
74.7%(68/91)
not Europe
14.4%(90/625)
69.6%(435/625)
Response pairs: 716   p-value: 0.181

Philosophical orientation

Answer Corrrelation coefficient
xian:Frege0.114
Frege not Frege
Europe
15.5%(18/116)
84.4%(98/116)
not Europe
6.3%(52/815)
93.6%(763/815)
Response pairs: 931   p-value: < 0.001
AOS:Philosophy of Language0.113
Philosophy of Language not Philosophy of Language
Europe
30.1%(35/116)
69.8%(81/116)
not Europe
16.8%(137/815)
83.1%(678/815)
Response pairs: 931   p-value: < 0.001
not AOS:Philosophy of Religion0.072
Philosophy of Religion not Philosophy of Religion
Europe
~0.8%(~1/116)
~99.1%(~115/116)
not Europe
5.6%(46/815)
94.3%(769/815)
Response pairs: 931   p-value: 0.028
not AOS:Normative Ethics0.057
Normative Ethics not Normative Ethics
Europe
9.4%(11/116)
90.5%(105/116)
not Europe
15.7%(128/815)
84.2%(687/815)
Response pairs: 931   p-value: 0.082
not AOS:Social and Political Philosophy0.057
Social and Political Philosophy not Social and Political Philosophy
Europe
6%(7/116)
93.9%(109/116)
not Europe
11.4%(93/815)
88.5%(722/815)
Response pairs: 931   p-value: 0.082
AOS:Decision Theory0.056
Decision Theory not Decision Theory
Europe
6%(7/116)
93.9%(109/116)
not Europe
2.9%(24/815)
97%(791/815)
Response pairs: 931   p-value: 0.087
not AOS:Philosophy of Probability0.054
Philosophy of Probability not Philosophy of Probability
Europe
~0.8%(~1/116)
~99.1%(~115/116)
not Europe
2.3%(19/815)
97.6%(796/815)
Response pairs: 931   p-value: 0.099
not xian:Mill0.05
Mill not Mill
Europe
~0.8%(~1/116)
~99.1%(~115/116)
not Europe
4.9%(40/815)
95%(775/815)
Response pairs: 931   p-value: 0.127

Background questions

Answer Corrrelation coefficient
affil:region:Europe0.558
Europe not Europe
Europe
43.9%(51/116)
56%(65/116)
not Europe
1.4%(12/815)
98.5%(803/815)
Response pairs: 931   p-value: < 0.001
phd_region:Europe0.544
Europe not Europe
Europe
36.2%(42/116)
63.7%(74/116)
not Europe
0.4%(4/815)
99.5%(811/815)
Response pairs: 931   p-value: < 0.001
not affil:region:United States0.286
United States not United States
Europe
24.1%(28/116)
75.8%(88/116)
not Europe
66.3%(541/815)
33.6%(274/815)
Response pairs: 931   p-value: < 0.001
not phd_region:United States0.246
United States not United States
Europe
20.6%(24/116)
79.3%(92/116)
not Europe
57.9%(472/815)
42%(343/815)
Response pairs: 931   p-value: < 0.001
year_of_phd0.159
year_of_phd ≥ median year_of_phd < median
Europe
70.1%(61/87)
29.8%(26/87)
not Europe
47.7%(302/633)
52.2%(331/633)
Response pairs: 720   p-value: < 0.001
year_of_birth0.131
year_of_birth ≥ median year_of_birth < median
Europe
67.5%(77/114)
32.4%(37/114)
not Europe
47.7%(361/756)
52.2%(395/756)
Response pairs: 870   p-value: < 0.001
gender:female0.068
female male
Europe
25.4%(28/110)
74.5%(82/110)
not Europe
17.3%(134/771)
82.6%(637/771)
Response pairs: 881   p-value: 0.043
not affil:region:Canada0.068
Canada not Canada
Europe
3.4%(4/116)
96.5%(112/116)
not Europe
9.2%(75/815)
90.7%(740/815)
Response pairs: 931   p-value: 0.038
affil:region:United Kingdom0.055
United Kingdom not United Kingdom
Europe
25.8%(30/116)
74.1%(86/116)
not Europe
19.1%(156/815)
80.8%(659/815)
Response pairs: 931   p-value: 0.093
not phd_region:Australasia0.05
Australasia not Australasia
Europe
~0.8%(~1/116)
~99.1%(~115/116)
not Europe
3.5%(29/815)
96.4%(786/815)
Response pairs: 931   p-value: 0.127