The PhilPapers SurveysHighest linear correlations (Back to contents)

Correlations with: Laws of nature:non-Humean

N = 931 (target faculty). Cut-off = +/-0.05

n < 10 omitted. Some redundant or trivial correlations are not shown.

Jump to: Main Survey questions | Philosophical orientation | Background questions

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Main Survey questions

Answer Corrrelation coefficient
Meta-ethics:moral realism0.329
moral realism moral anti-realism
non-Humean
70.4%(365/518)
22.3%(116/518)
Humean
40%(96/240)
52%(125/240)
Response pairs: 840   p-value: < 0.001
Science:scientific realism0.293
scientific realism scientific anti-realism
non-Humean
85.5%(451/527)
8.9%(47/527)
Humean
65.1%(159/244)
26.2%(64/244)
Response pairs: 848   p-value: < 0.001
Abstract objects:Platonism0.293
nominalism Platonism
non-Humean
29.2%(151/516)
61.2%(316/516)
Humean
58.8%(143/243)
32.9%(80/243)
Response pairs: 839   p-value: < 0.001
Truth:correspondence0.287
correspondence not correspondence
non-Humean
66%(334/506)
29.2%(148/506)
Humean
36.8%(84/228)
59.2%(135/228)
Response pairs: 808   p-value: < 0.001
Moral judgment:cognitvism0.286
non-cognitivism cognitivism
non-Humean
14%(72/514)
79.5%(409/514)
Humean
33.3%(77/231)
56.2%(130/231)
Response pairs: 822   p-value: < 0.001
not Truth:deflationary0.272
deflationary not deflationary
non-Humean
18.1%(92/506)
77%(390/506)
Humean
42.5%(97/228)
53.5%(122/228)
Response pairs: 808   p-value: < 0.001
Knowledge:rationalism0.268
rationalism empiricism
non-Humean
42.2%(223/528)
34%(180/528)
Humean
19.5%(48/246)
62.6%(154/246)
Response pairs: 855   p-value: < 0.001
A priori knowledge:yes0.253
yes no
non-Humean
80.2%(426/531)
13.7%(73/531)
Humean
58.6%(143/244)
31.9%(78/244)
Response pairs: 857   p-value: < 0.001
Metaphilosophy:non-naturalism0.238
non-naturalism naturalism
non-Humean
36%(181/502)
49%(246/502)
Humean
15.7%(36/228)
72.3%(165/228)
Response pairs: 809   p-value: < 0.001
Aesthetic value:objective0.228
objective subjective
non-Humean
52.5%(271/516)
33.5%(173/516)
Humean
32.3%(77/238)
55.4%(132/238)
Response pairs: 833   p-value: < 0.001
not External world:skepticism0.206
skepticism not skepticism
non-Humean
3.5%(19/529)
94.1%(498/529)
Humean
8.6%(21/243)
85.5%(208/243)
Response pairs: 852   p-value: < 0.001
Analytic-synthetic distinction:yes0.185
yes no
non-Humean
72.5%(384/529)
22.1%(117/529)
Humean
56%(138/246)
39%(96/246)
Response pairs: 858   p-value: < 0.001
Mind:non-physicalism0.172
physicalism non-physicalism
non-Humean
51.8%(276/532)
36.4%(194/532)
Humean
70.4%(172/244)
19.6%(48/244)
Response pairs: 857   p-value: < 0.001
not Normative ethics:consequentialism0.169
consequentialism not consequentialism
non-Humean
21.1%(98/464)
66.3%(308/464)
Humean
41.2%(89/216)
45.8%(99/216)
Response pairs: 749   p-value: < 0.001
Knowledge claims:invariantism0.165
invariantism not invariantism
non-Humean
43.4%(203/467)
45.6%(213/467)
Humean
26.3%(55/209)
65%(136/209)
Response pairs: 749   p-value: < 0.001
External world:non-skeptical realism0.163
non-skeptical realism not non-skeptical realism
non-Humean
86.3%(457/529)
11.3%(60/529)
Humean
76.1%(185/243)
18.1%(44/243)
Response pairs: 852   p-value: < 0.001
Free will:libertarianism0.154
libertarianism not libertarianism
non-Humean
19.6%(102/519)
72.8%(378/519)
Humean
6.3%(15/238)
86.1%(205/238)
Response pairs: 839   p-value: < 0.001
Normative ethics:deontology0.153
deontology not deontology
non-Humean
35.7%(166/464)
51.7%(240/464)
Humean
20.3%(44/216)
66.6%(144/216)
Response pairs: 749   p-value: < 0.001
not Truth:epistemic0.148
epistemic not epistemic
non-Humean
5.7%(29/506)
89.5%(453/506)
Humean
11.8%(27/228)
84.2%(192/228)
Response pairs: 808   p-value: < 0.001
Teletransporter:death0.132
survival death
non-Humean
39.5%(192/486)
40.5%(197/486)
Humean
49.7%(103/207)
28.5%(59/207)
Response pairs: 768   p-value: < 0.001
Time:A-theory0.129
A-theory B-theory
non-Humean
34.6%(122/352)
42.3%(149/352)
Humean
21.5%(34/158)
57.5%(91/158)
Response pairs: 563   p-value: 0.002
not Knowledge claims:contextualism0.122
contextualism not contextualism
non-Humean
41.7%(195/467)
47.3%(221/467)
Humean
57.4%(120/209)
33.9%(71/209)
Response pairs: 749   p-value: < 0.001
God:theism0.116
theism atheism
non-Humean
17.8%(94/528)
74%(391/528)
Humean
8.9%(22/245)
83.6%(205/245)
Response pairs: 854   p-value: < 0.001
Personal identity:further-fact view0.11
further-fact view not further-fact view
non-Humean
17.4%(83/475)
62.9%(299/475)
Humean
9.3%(20/214)
71.4%(153/214)
Response pairs: 763   p-value: 0.002
Trolley problem:switch0.105
switch don't switch
non-Humean
76.2%(383/502)
10.5%(53/502)
Humean
69%(156/226)
13.7%(31/226)
Response pairs: 807   p-value: 0.002
not Perceptual experience:sense-datum theory0.102
sense-datum theory not sense-datum theory
non-Humean
3.2%(14/428)
85%(364/428)
Humean
5.8%(11/187)
79.1%(148/187)
Response pairs: 682   p-value: 0.007
not Knowledge claims:relativism0.095
relativism not relativism
non-Humean
1.7%(8/467)
87.3%(408/467)
Humean
5.7%(12/209)
85.6%(179/209)
Response pairs: 749   p-value: 0.009
not Free will:compatibilism0.091
compatibilism not compatibilism
non-Humean
58.5%(304/519)
33.9%(176/519)
Humean
67.2%(160/238)
25.2%(60/238)
Response pairs: 839   p-value: 0.008
not Free will:no free will0.087
no free will free will
non-Humean
10.9%(57/519)
81.5%(423/519)
Humean
15.9%(38/238)
76.4%(182/238)
Response pairs: 839   p-value: 0.011
not Zombies:inconceivable0.086
inconceivable not inconceivable
non-Humean
16.7%(81/483)
71.6%(346/483)
Humean
20.9%(46/220)
65.9%(145/220)
Response pairs: 773   p-value: 0.016
not External world:idealism0.083
idealism not idealism
non-Humean
4.7%(25/529)
93%(492/529)
Humean
3.2%(8/243)
90.9%(221/243)
Response pairs: 852   p-value: 0.015
Moral motivation:externalism0.075
externalism internalism
non-Humean
40.9%(187/457)
44.6%(204/457)
Humean
31.1%(62/199)
49.7%(99/199)
Response pairs: 724   p-value: 0.043
Logic:classical0.075
non-classical classical
non-Humean
22.8%(109/478)
64%(306/478)
Humean
27.4%(58/211)
57.8%(122/211)
Response pairs: 760   p-value: 0.038
not Personal identity:psychological view0.074
psychological view not psychological view
non-Humean
36.6%(174/475)
43.7%(208/475)
Humean
42%(90/214)
38.7%(83/214)
Response pairs: 763   p-value: 0.041
Zombies:metaphysically possible0.06
metaphysically possible not metaphysically possible
non-Humean
29.8%(144/483)
58.5%(283/483)
Humean
21.3%(47/220)
65.4%(144/220)
Response pairs: 773   p-value: 0.095
Politics:communitarianism0.052
communitarianism not communitarianism
non-Humean
20.1%(87/432)
62.7%(271/432)
Humean
15.4%(33/213)
68.5%(146/213)
Response pairs: 707   p-value: 0.167

Philosophical orientation

Answer Corrrelation coefficient
not xian:Hume0.307
Hume not Hume
non-Humean
8.2%(44/533)
91.7%(489/533)
Humean
31.4%(78/248)
68.5%(170/248)
Response pairs: 864   p-value: < 0.001
AOS:Metaphysics0.152
Metaphysics not Metaphysics
non-Humean
31.7%(169/533)
68.2%(364/533)
Humean
18.9%(47/248)
81%(201/248)
Response pairs: 864   p-value: < 0.001
not xian:Quine0.13
Quine not Quine
non-Humean
4.8%(26/533)
95.1%(507/533)
Humean
11.2%(28/248)
88.7%(220/248)
Response pairs: 864   p-value: < 0.001
not AOS:Philosophy of Biology0.125
Philosophy of Biology not Philosophy of Biology
non-Humean
2%(11/533)
97.9%(522/533)
Humean
8.4%(21/248)
91.5%(227/248)
Response pairs: 864   p-value: < 0.001
AOS:Philosophy of Religion0.114
Philosophy of Religion not Philosophy of Religion
non-Humean
6.9%(37/533)
93%(496/533)
Humean
2.8%(7/248)
97.1%(241/248)
Response pairs: 864   p-value: < 0.001
xian:Moore0.108
Moore not Moore
non-Humean
3.9%(21/533)
96%(512/533)
Humean
~0.4%(~1/248)
~99.5%(~247/248)
Response pairs: 864   p-value: 0.001
xian:Locke0.107
Locke not Locke
non-Humean
5.4%(29/533)
94.5%(504/533)
Humean
1.6%(4/248)
98.3%(244/248)
Response pairs: 864   p-value: 0.001
AOS:Philosophy of Mind0.103
Philosophy of Mind not Philosophy of Mind
non-Humean
23.8%(127/533)
76.1%(406/533)
Humean
13.7%(34/248)
86.2%(214/248)
Response pairs: 864   p-value: 0.002
xian:Aristotle0.1
Aristotle not Aristotle
non-Humean
15.5%(83/533)
84.4%(450/533)
Humean
9.2%(23/248)
90.7%(225/248)
Response pairs: 864   p-value: 0.003
not xian:Nietzsche0.097
Nietzsche not Nietzsche
non-Humean
1.3%(7/533)
98.6%(526/533)
Humean
4.4%(11/248)
95.5%(237/248)
Response pairs: 864   p-value: 0.004
not AOS:General Philosophy of Science0.091
General Philosophy of Science not General Philosophy of Science
non-Humean
8.6%(46/533)
91.3%(487/533)
Humean
16.5%(41/248)
83.4%(207/248)
Response pairs: 864   p-value: 0.007
not xian:Lewis0.091
Lewis not Lewis
non-Humean
6%(32/533)
93.9%(501/533)
Humean
12%(30/248)
87.9%(218/248)
Response pairs: 864   p-value: 0.007
not AOS:Logic and Philosophy of Logic0.088
Logic and Philosophy of Logic not Logic and Philosophy of Logic
non-Humean
8.2%(44/533)
91.7%(489/533)
Humean
14.9%(37/248)
85%(211/248)
Response pairs: 864   p-value: 0.009
not AOS:Decision Theory0.081
Decision Theory not Decision Theory
non-Humean
2.4%(13/533)
97.5%(520/533)
Humean
6%(15/248)
93.9%(233/248)
Response pairs: 864   p-value: 0.017
AOS:Philosophy of Action0.072
Philosophy of Action not Philosophy of Action
non-Humean
5.4%(29/533)
94.5%(504/533)
Humean
2.8%(7/248)
97.1%(241/248)
Response pairs: 864   p-value: 0.034
AOS:Epistemology0.058
Epistemology not Epistemology
non-Humean
18.9%(101/533)
81%(432/533)
Humean
13.7%(34/248)
86.2%(214/248)
Response pairs: 864   p-value: 0.088
not xian:Mill0.057
Mill not Mill
non-Humean
3.1%(17/533)
96.8%(516/533)
Humean
6.4%(16/248)
93.5%(232/248)
Response pairs: 864   p-value: 0.094
not AOS:Applied Ethics0.057
Applied Ethics not Applied Ethics
non-Humean
3.9%(21/533)
96%(512/533)
Humean
6.4%(16/248)
93.5%(232/248)
Response pairs: 864   p-value: 0.094
xian:Descartes0.05
Descartes not Descartes
non-Humean
3%(16/533)
96.9%(517/533)
Humean
1.2%(3/248)
98.7%(245/248)
Response pairs: 864   p-value: 0.141

Background questions

Answer Corrrelation coefficient
year_of_birth-0.117
year_of_birth ≥ median year_of_birth < median
non-Humean
44.5%(223/501)
55.4%(278/501)
Humean
54%(126/233)
45.9%(107/233)
Response pairs: 808   p-value: < 0.001
year_of_phd-0.11
year_of_phd ≥ median year_of_phd < median
non-Humean
42.3%(172/406)
57.6%(234/406)
Humean
57.2%(111/194)
42.7%(83/194)
Response pairs: 670   p-value: 0.004
gender:male0.097
male female
non-Humean
84.7%(427/504)
15.2%(77/504)
Humean
76.1%(182/239)
23.8%(57/239)
Response pairs: 818   p-value: 0.005
not phd_region:Australasia0.084
Australasia not Australasia
non-Humean
2%(11/533)
97.9%(522/533)
Humean
4.4%(11/248)
95.5%(237/248)
Response pairs: 864   p-value: 0.013
not nationality_region:Europe0.073
Europe not Europe
non-Humean
10.1%(54/533)
89.8%(479/533)
Humean
16.9%(42/248)
83%(206/248)
Response pairs: 864   p-value: 0.031
affil:region:Canada0.065
Canada not Canada
non-Humean
9.1%(49/533)
90.8%(484/533)
Humean
6%(15/248)
93.9%(233/248)
Response pairs: 864   p-value: 0.056
nationality_region:Canada0.054
Canada not Canada
non-Humean
8%(43/533)
91.9%(490/533)
Humean
4.8%(12/248)
95.1%(236/248)
Response pairs: 864   p-value: 0.112