The PhilPapers SurveysHighest linear correlations (Back to contents)

Correlations with: Logic:classical

N = 931 (target faculty). Cut-off = +/-0.05

n < 10 omitted. Some redundant or trivial correlations are not shown.

Jump to: Main Survey questions | Philosophical orientation | Background questions

flip contingency tables

Main Survey questions

Answer Corrrelation coefficient
Science:scientific realism0.164
scientific realism scientific anti-realism
classical
83%(432/520)
11.9%(62/520)
non-classical
67.9%(104/153)
23.5%(36/153)
Response pairs: 793   p-value: < 0.001
Newcomb's problem:two boxes0.136
one box two boxes
classical
27.7%(110/396)
52.2%(207/396)
non-classical
34.5%(39/113)
35.3%(40/113)
Response pairs: 596   p-value: < 0.001
Knowledge claims:invariantism0.115
invariantism not invariantism
classical
42.5%(201/472)
49.1%(232/472)
non-classical
27.4%(37/135)
64.4%(87/135)
Response pairs: 710   p-value: 0.002
Meta-ethics:moral realism0.108
moral anti-realism moral realism
classical
27.3%(139/508)
66.1%(336/508)
non-classical
36.9%(55/149)
57.7%(86/149)
Response pairs: 775   p-value: 0.002
Abstract objects:Platonism0.107
Platonism nominalism
classical
45.9%(238/518)
45.9%(238/518)
non-classical
36.1%(55/152)
56.5%(86/152)
Response pairs: 786   p-value: 0.002
not Knowledge claims:relativism0.104
relativism not relativism
classical
2.5%(12/472)
89.1%(421/472)
non-classical
6.6%(9/135)
85.1%(115/135)
Response pairs: 710   p-value: 0.005
Truth:correspondence0.091
correspondence not correspondence
classical
59.7%(303/507)
35.8%(182/507)
non-classical
48.9%(70/143)
46.8%(67/143)
Response pairs: 759   p-value: 0.012
not Knowledge claims:contextualism0.087
contextualism not contextualism
classical
44.7%(211/472)
47%(222/472)
non-classical
56.2%(76/135)
35.5%(48/135)
Response pairs: 710   p-value: 0.02
not Truth:epistemic0.087
epistemic not epistemic
classical
6.3%(32/507)
89.3%(453/507)
non-classical
15.3%(22/143)
80.4%(115/143)
Response pairs: 759   p-value: 0.016
not Free will:no free will0.084
no free will free will
classical
12.2%(63/514)
81.5%(419/514)
non-classical
19.5%(29/148)
72.9%(108/148)
Response pairs: 776   p-value: 0.019
not External world:skepticism0.081
skepticism not skepticism
classical
4%(21/523)
93.6%(490/523)
non-classical
7.9%(12/151)
88.7%(134/151)
Response pairs: 794   p-value: 0.022
Time:B-theory0.069
B-theory A-theory
classical
50%(179/358)
27%(97/358)
non-classical
43.3%(46/106)
35.8%(38/106)
Response pairs: 540   p-value: 0.109
External world:non-skeptical realism0.068
non-skeptical realism not non-skeptical realism
classical
87.1%(456/523)
10.5%(55/523)
non-classical
80.1%(121/151)
16.5%(25/151)
Response pairs: 794   p-value: 0.055
Moral judgment:cognitivism0.056
cognitivism non-cognitivism
classical
74.6%(374/501)
18.9%(95/501)
non-classical
66.6%(98/147)
23.1%(34/147)
Response pairs: 757   p-value: 0.123
Aesthetic value:objective0.055
objective subjective
classical
48.9%(251/513)
38%(195/513)
non-classical
38.8%(59/152)
48%(73/152)
Response pairs: 782   p-value: 0.124
Moral motivation:internalism0.053
internalism externalism
classical
46.4%(202/435)
38.1%(166/435)
non-classical
41.8%(54/129)
41.8%(54/129)
Response pairs: 668   p-value: 0.171
Analytic-synthetic distinction:yes0.051
yes no
classical
69.2%(362/523)
27.3%(143/523)
non-classical
63.3%(97/153)
30.7%(47/153)
Response pairs: 798   p-value: 0.15

Philosophical orientation

Answer Corrrelation coefficient
not xian:Hegel0.12
Hegel not Hegel
classical
0.7%(4/528)
99.2%(524/528)
non-classical
5.2%(8/153)
94.7%(145/153)
Response pairs: 803   p-value: < 0.001
tradition:analytic0.114
analytic continental
classical
92.6%(489/528)
2.4%(13/528)
non-classical
83%(127/153)
4.5%(7/153)
Response pairs: 803   p-value: 0.001
not xian:Kant0.105
Kant not Kant
classical
9.2%(49/528)
90.7%(479/528)
non-classical
16.9%(26/153)
83%(127/153)
Response pairs: 803   p-value: 0.002
not AOS:Continental Philosophy0.103
Continental Philosophy not Continental Philosophy
classical
1.3%(7/528)
98.6%(521/528)
non-classical
5.2%(8/153)
94.7%(145/153)
Response pairs: 803   p-value: 0.003
xian:Quine0.086
Quine not Quine
classical
8.5%(45/528)
91.4%(483/528)
non-classical
4.5%(7/153)
95.4%(146/153)
Response pairs: 803   p-value: 0.014
xian:Russell0.08
Russell not Russell
classical
8.5%(45/528)
91.4%(483/528)
non-classical
6.5%(10/153)
93.4%(143/153)
Response pairs: 803   p-value: 0.023
xian:Descartes0.08
Descartes not Descartes
classical
2.8%(15/528)
97.1%(513/528)
non-classical
~0.6%(~1/153)
~99.3%(~152/153)
Response pairs: 803   p-value: 0.023
not xian:Mill0.074
Mill not Mill
classical
3%(16/528)
96.9%(512/528)
non-classical
6.5%(10/153)
93.4%(143/153)
Response pairs: 803   p-value: 0.036
xian:Plato0.073
Plato not Plato
classical
5.1%(27/528)
94.8%(501/528)
non-classical
2.6%(4/153)
97.3%(149/153)
Response pairs: 803   p-value: 0.038
AOS:Epistemology0.069
Epistemology not Epistemology
classical
20.2%(107/528)
79.7%(421/528)
non-classical
13.7%(21/153)
86.2%(132/153)
Response pairs: 803   p-value: 0.05
not AOS:Social and Political Philosophy0.069
Social and Political Philosophy not Social and Political Philosophy
classical
7%(37/528)
92.9%(491/528)
non-classical
11.7%(18/153)
88.2%(135/153)
Response pairs: 803   p-value: 0.05
not AOS:19th Century Philosophy0.065
19th Century Philosophy not 19th Century Philosophy
classical
3.2%(17/528)
96.7%(511/528)
non-classical
7.8%(12/153)
92.1%(141/153)
Response pairs: 803   p-value: 0.065
not AOS:Philosophy of Cognitive Science0.064
Philosophy of Cognitive Science not Philosophy of Cognitive Science
classical
5.3%(28/528)
94.6%(500/528)
non-classical
9.1%(14/153)
90.8%(139/153)
Response pairs: 803   p-value: 0.069
AOS:Ancient Greek Philosophy0.06
Ancient Greek Philosophy not Ancient Greek Philosophy
classical
7.9%(42/528)
92%(486/528)
non-classical
5.2%(8/153)
94.7%(145/153)
Response pairs: 803   p-value: 0.089
AOS:Aesthetics0.058
Aesthetics not Aesthetics
classical
4.5%(24/528)
95.4%(504/528)
non-classical
1.9%(3/153)
98%(150/153)
Response pairs: 803   p-value: 0.1
not xian:Socrates0.054
Socrates not Socrates
classical
0.7%(4/528)
99.2%(524/528)
non-classical
1.9%(3/153)
98%(150/153)
Response pairs: 803   p-value: 0.126
not AOS:17th/18th Century Philosophy0.053
17th/18th Century Philosophy not 17th/18th Century Philosophy
classical
10%(53/528)
89.9%(475/528)
non-classical
15%(23/153)
84.9%(130/153)
Response pairs: 803   p-value: 0.133
AOS:Philosophy of Language0.052
Philosophy of Language not Philosophy of Language
classical
21.5%(114/528)
78.4%(414/528)
non-classical
16.3%(25/153)
83.6%(128/153)
Response pairs: 803   p-value: 0.14
not xian:Hume0.052
Hume not Hume
classical
13.6%(72/528)
86.3%(456/528)
non-classical
16.3%(25/153)
83.6%(128/153)
Response pairs: 803   p-value: 0.14
not xian:Frege0.052
Frege not Frege
classical
7%(37/528)
92.9%(491/528)
non-classical
12.4%(19/153)
87.5%(134/153)
Response pairs: 803   p-value: 0.14

Background questions

Answer Corrrelation coefficient
not phd_region:Australasia0.092
Australasia not Australasia
classical
2.2%(12/528)
97.7%(516/528)
non-classical
6.5%(10/153)
93.4%(143/153)
Response pairs: 803   p-value: 0.009
phd_region:Europe0.079
Europe not Europe
classical
6.4%(34/528)
93.5%(494/528)
non-classical
3.2%(5/153)
96.7%(148/153)
Response pairs: 803   p-value: 0.025
year_of_phd-0.063
year_of_phd ≥ median year_of_phd < median
classical
47.3%(198/418)
52.6%(220/418)
non-classical
47%(55/117)
52.9%(62/117)
Response pairs: 624   p-value: 0.115
not phd_region:Canada0.051
Canada not Canada
classical
1.7%(9/528)
98.2%(519/528)
non-classical
3.9%(6/153)
96%(147/153)
Response pairs: 803   p-value: 0.148