The PhilPapers SurveysHighest linear correlations (Back to contents)

Correlations with: Logic:non-classical

N = 931 (target faculty). Cut-off = +/-0.05

n < 10 omitted. Some redundant or trivial correlations are not shown.

Jump to: Main Survey questions | Philosophical orientation | Background questions

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Main Survey questions

Answer Corrrelation coefficient
not Knowledge claims:invariantism0.166
invariantism not invariantism
non-classical
25.7%(43/167)
65.8%(110/167)
classical
44.3%(195/440)
47.5%(209/440)
Response pairs: 710   p-value: < 0.001
not Truth:correspondence0.154
correspondence not correspondence
non-classical
45.8%(82/179)
50.8%(91/179)
classical
61.7%(291/471)
33.5%(158/471)
Response pairs: 759   p-value: < 0.001
Science:scientific anti-realism0.152
scientific realism scientific anti-realism
non-classical
69.4%(132/190)
21.5%(41/190)
classical
83.6%(404/483)
11.8%(57/483)
Response pairs: 793   p-value: < 0.001
Meta-ethics:moral anti-realism0.144
moral realism moral anti-realism
non-classical
50.8%(93/183)
43.7%(80/183)
classical
64.1%(304/474)
29.3%(139/474)
Response pairs: 775   p-value: < 0.001
Newcomb's problem:one box0.126
one box two boxes
non-classical
34.2%(49/143)
37.7%(54/143)
classical
27.3%(100/366)
52.7%(193/366)
Response pairs: 596   p-value: 0.002
Abstract objects:nominalism0.126
Platonism nominalism
non-classical
35.4%(67/189)
55%(104/189)
classical
46.9%(226/481)
45.7%(220/481)
Response pairs: 786   p-value: < 0.001
not External world:non-skeptical realism0.109
non-skeptical realism not non-skeptical realism
non-classical
78.7%(148/188)
18%(34/188)
classical
88.2%(429/486)
9.4%(46/486)
Response pairs: 794   p-value: 0.002
Truth:epistemic0.108
epistemic not epistemic
non-classical
15.6%(28/179)
81%(145/179)
classical
5.5%(26/471)
89.8%(423/471)
Response pairs: 759   p-value: 0.002
Aesthetic value:subjective0.093
objective subjective
non-classical
36.5%(69/189)
49.2%(93/189)
classical
50.6%(241/476)
36.7%(175/476)
Response pairs: 782   p-value: 0.009
Knowledge claims:contextualism0.091
contextualism not contextualism
non-classical
55%(92/167)
36.5%(61/167)
classical
44.3%(195/440)
47.5%(209/440)
Response pairs: 710   p-value: 0.015
Knowledge:empiricism0.091
rationalism empiricism
non-classical
28.9%(55/190)
51%(97/190)
classical
39.3%(191/485)
40.2%(195/485)
Response pairs: 795   p-value: 0.01
Knowledge claims:relativism0.09
relativism not relativism
non-classical
7.1%(12/167)
84.4%(141/167)
classical
2%(9/440)
89.7%(395/440)
Response pairs: 710   p-value: 0.016
External world:skepticism0.08
skepticism not skepticism
non-classical
7.9%(15/188)
88.8%(167/188)
classical
3.7%(18/486)
94%(457/486)
Response pairs: 794   p-value: 0.024
not Laws of nature:non-Humean0.075
non-Humean Humean
non-classical
59.8%(109/182)
31.8%(58/182)
classical
66.3%(306/461)
26.4%(122/461)
Response pairs: 760   p-value: 0.038
not Moral judgment:cognitivism0.073
cognitivism non-cognitivism
non-classical
66.1%(119/180)
22.2%(40/180)
classical
75.4%(353/468)
19%(89/468)
Response pairs: 757   p-value: 0.044
not Perceptual experience:representationalism0.066
representationalism not representationalism
non-classical
41.2%(64/155)
47%(73/155)
classical
45%(181/402)
42%(169/402)
Response pairs: 651   p-value: 0.092
Free will:no free will0.06
no free will free will
non-classical
17.5%(32/182)
74.7%(136/182)
classical
12.5%(60/480)
81.4%(391/480)
Response pairs: 776   p-value: 0.094
Analytic-synthetic distinction:no0.057
yes no
non-classical
63.3%(121/191)
31.9%(61/191)
classical
69.6%(338/485)
26.5%(129/485)
Response pairs: 798   p-value: 0.107
not Perceptual experience:disjunctivism0.057
disjunctivism not disjunctivism
non-classical
12.2%(19/155)
76.1%(118/155)
classical
15.1%(61/402)
71.8%(289/402)
Response pairs: 651   p-value: 0.146
Teletransporter:survival0.052
death survival
non-classical
32.5%(54/166)
41.5%(69/166)
classical
39.2%(173/441)
42.6%(188/441)
Response pairs: 721   p-value: 0.163
Zombies:metaphysically possible0.051
metaphysically possible not metaphysically possible
non-classical
29.8%(52/174)
56.3%(98/174)
classical
26.5%(119/448)
63.8%(286/448)
Response pairs: 733   p-value: 0.167
Truth:deflationary0.051
deflationary not deflationary
non-classical
27.3%(49/179)
69.2%(124/179)
classical
24.4%(115/471)
70.9%(334/471)
Response pairs: 759   p-value: 0.16

Philosophical orientation

Answer Corrrelation coefficient
AOS:Philosophy of Cognitive Science0.128
Philosophy of Cognitive Science not Philosophy of Cognitive Science
non-classical
10.9%(21/191)
89%(170/191)
classical
4.2%(21/490)
95.7%(469/490)
Response pairs: 803   p-value: < 0.001
tradition:continental0.114
continental analytic
non-classical
4.7%(9/191)
84.2%(161/191)
classical
2.2%(11/490)
92.8%(455/490)
Response pairs: 803   p-value: 0.001
not AOS:Epistemology0.093
Epistemology not Epistemology
non-classical
13%(25/191)
86.9%(166/191)
classical
21%(103/490)
78.9%(387/490)
Response pairs: 803   p-value: 0.008
not xian:Quine0.091
Quine not Quine
non-classical
4.7%(9/191)
95.2%(182/191)
classical
8.7%(43/490)
91.2%(447/490)
Response pairs: 803   p-value: 0.009
not xian:Russell0.073
Russell not Russell
non-classical
6.8%(13/191)
93.1%(178/191)
classical
8.5%(42/490)
91.4%(448/490)
Response pairs: 803   p-value: 0.038
xian:Hegel0.068
Hegel not Hegel
non-classical
3.6%(7/191)
96.3%(184/191)
classical
1%(5/490)
98.9%(485/490)
Response pairs: 803   p-value: 0.054
AOS:Philosophy of Probability0.066
Philosophy of Probability not Philosophy of Probability
non-classical
3.6%(7/191)
96.3%(184/191)
classical
1.4%(7/490)
98.5%(483/490)
Response pairs: 803   p-value: 0.061
AOS:Medieval and Renaissance Philosophy0.066
Medieval and Renaissance Philosophy not Medieval and Renaissance Philosophy
non-classical
3.1%(6/191)
96.8%(185/191)
classical
1.2%(6/490)
98.7%(484/490)
Response pairs: 803   p-value: 0.061
xian:Socrates0.063
Socrates not Socrates
non-classical
2%(4/191)
97.9%(187/191)
classical
0.6%(3/490)
99.3%(487/490)
Response pairs: 803   p-value: 0.074
xian:Carnap0.063
Carnap not Carnap
non-classical
7.3%(14/191)
92.6%(177/191)
classical
4.2%(21/490)
95.7%(469/490)
Response pairs: 803   p-value: 0.074
not xian:Plato0.06
Plato not Plato
non-classical
3.1%(6/191)
96.8%(185/191)
classical
5.1%(25/490)
94.8%(465/490)
Response pairs: 803   p-value: 0.089
xian:Frege0.058
Frege not Frege
non-classical
12%(23/191)
87.9%(168/191)
classical
6.7%(33/490)
93.2%(457/490)
Response pairs: 803   p-value: 0.1
xian:Heidegger0.057
Heidegger not Heidegger
non-classical
1.5%(3/191)
98.4%(188/191)
classical
0.8%(4/490)
99.1%(486/490)
Response pairs: 803   p-value: 0.106
not AOS:Meta-Ethics0.054
Meta-Ethics not Meta-Ethics
non-classical
7.3%(14/191)
92.6%(177/191)
classical
11%(54/490)
88.9%(436/490)
Response pairs: 803   p-value: 0.126
AOS:Continental Philosophy0.052
Continental Philosophy not Continental Philosophy
non-classical
3.6%(7/191)
96.3%(184/191)
classical
1.6%(8/490)
98.3%(482/490)
Response pairs: 803   p-value: 0.14
AOS:19th Century Philosophy0.051
19th Century Philosophy not 19th Century Philosophy
non-classical
6.8%(13/191)
93.1%(178/191)
classical
3.2%(16/490)
96.7%(474/490)
Response pairs: 803   p-value: 0.148
AOS:20th Century Philosophy0.051
20th Century Philosophy not 20th Century Philosophy
non-classical
6.8%(13/191)
93.1%(178/191)
classical
3.8%(19/490)
96.1%(471/490)
Response pairs: 803   p-value: 0.148
not AOS:Normative Ethics0.05
Normative Ethics not Normative Ethics
non-classical
8.3%(16/191)
91.6%(175/191)
classical
13%(64/490)
86.9%(426/490)
Response pairs: 803   p-value: 0.156

Background questions

Answer Corrrelation coefficient
phd_region:Australasia0.063
Australasia not Australasia
non-classical
5.2%(10/191)
94.7%(181/191)
classical
2.4%(12/490)
97.5%(478/490)
Response pairs: 803   p-value: 0.074
year_of_phd0.06
year_of_phd ≥ median year_of_phd < median
non-classical
48.9%(71/145)
51%(74/145)
classical
46.6%(182/390)
53.3%(208/390)
Response pairs: 624   p-value: 0.134