The PhilPapers SurveysHighest linear correlations (Back to contents)

Correlations with: Mental content:internalism

N = 931 (target faculty). Cut-off = +/-0.05

n < 10 omitted. Some redundant or trivial correlations are not shown.

Jump to: Main Survey questions | Philosophical orientation | Background questions

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Main Survey questions

Answer Corrrelation coefficient
Epistemic justification:internalism0.342
internalism externalism
internalism
56%(120/214)
27.5%(59/214)
externalism
22.7%(112/492)
63.6%(313/492)
Response pairs: 822   p-value: < 0.001
Proper names:Fregean0.219
Fregean Millian
internalism
47.9%(92/192)
34.3%(66/192)
externalism
32.3%(146/451)
57.2%(258/451)
Response pairs: 747   p-value: < 0.001
not Perceptual experience:disjunctivism0.198
disjunctivism not disjunctivism
internalism
5.7%(11/191)
83.7%(160/191)
externalism
19.2%(79/410)
66.3%(272/410)
Response pairs: 689   p-value: < 0.001
Moral motivation:internalism0.188
internalism externalism
internalism
60.6%(114/188)
29.7%(56/188)
externalism
39%(167/428)
44.8%(192/428)
Response pairs: 721   p-value: < 0.001
Analytic-synthetic distinction:yes0.139
yes no
internalism
79.7%(177/222)
18%(40/222)
externalism
61.8%(314/508)
33%(168/508)
Response pairs: 851   p-value: < 0.001
Science:scientific anti-realism0.131
scientific anti-realism scientific realism
internalism
17.1%(38/222)
78.3%(174/222)
externalism
9.7%(49/503)
83.4%(420/503)
Response pairs: 843   p-value: < 0.001
Aesthetic value:subjective0.127
subjective objective
internalism
47.4%(103/217)
41.4%(90/217)
externalism
33.5%(165/492)
51.6%(254/492)
Response pairs: 829   p-value: < 0.001
not Free will:compatibilism0.124
compatibilism not compatibilism
internalism
54.6%(117/214)
39.7%(85/214)
externalism
64.6%(320/495)
26.8%(133/495)
Response pairs: 830   p-value: < 0.001
Time:A-theory0.113
B-theory A-theory
internalism
39.4%(62/157)
40.7%(64/157)
externalism
51.5%(169/328)
25.3%(83/328)
Response pairs: 558   p-value: 0.007
External world:idealism0.112
idealism not idealism
internalism
8.1%(18/221)
90.4%(200/221)
externalism
2.3%(12/503)
94.2%(474/503)
Response pairs: 845   p-value: 0.001
Zombies:metaphysically possible0.108
metaphysically possible not metaphysically possible
internalism
37.9%(77/203)
50.7%(103/203)
externalism
24.6%(116/471)
63.2%(298/471)
Response pairs: 784   p-value: 0.002
Perceptual experience:representationalism0.108
representationalism not representationalism
internalism
49.2%(94/191)
40.3%(77/191)
externalism
38%(156/410)
47.5%(195/410)
Response pairs: 689   p-value: 0.004
not Zombies:conceivable but not metaphysically possible0.09
conceivable but not metaphysically possible not conceivable but not metaphysically possible
internalism
32%(65/203)
56.6%(115/203)
externalism
41.6%(196/471)
46.2%(218/471)
Response pairs: 784   p-value: 0.011
Knowledge:rationalism0.089
rationalism empiricism
internalism
43.4%(96/221)
36.1%(80/221)
externalism
32.8%(166/506)
45.8%(232/506)
Response pairs: 850   p-value: 0.009
Free will:libertarianism0.087
libertarianism not libertarianism
internalism
21.4%(46/214)
72.8%(156/214)
externalism
12.1%(60/495)
79.3%(393/495)
Response pairs: 830   p-value: 0.012
Teletransporter:survival0.087
death survival
internalism
31.8%(65/204)
52.4%(107/204)
externalism
38%(178/468)
41.2%(193/468)
Response pairs: 779   p-value: 0.015
Personal identity:psychological view0.08
psychological view not psychological view
internalism
45%(90/200)
34%(68/200)
externalism
37.6%(170/452)
44.4%(201/452)
Response pairs: 758   p-value: 0.027
Knowledge claims:contextualism0.08
contextualism not contextualism
internalism
45.4%(90/198)
43.4%(86/198)
externalism
46.4%(210/452)
45.3%(205/452)
Response pairs: 756   p-value: 0.027
not Personal identity:biological view0.08
biological view not biological view
internalism
11.5%(23/200)
67.5%(135/200)
externalism
23%(104/452)
59%(267/452)
Response pairs: 758   p-value: 0.027
Newcomb's problem:one box0.075
two boxes one box
internalism
42.8%(69/161)
36%(58/161)
externalism
46.7%(177/379)
29.2%(111/379)
Response pairs: 630   p-value: 0.059
Perceptual experience:sense-datum theory0.074
sense-datum theory not sense-datum theory
internalism
8.9%(17/191)
80.6%(154/191)
externalism
2.4%(10/410)
83.1%(341/410)
Response pairs: 689   p-value: 0.052
Normative ethics:deontology0.073
deontology not deontology
internalism
34.1%(67/196)
53%(104/196)
externalism
29.6%(131/442)
58.1%(257/442)
Response pairs: 745   p-value: 0.046
God:theism0.073
atheism theism
internalism
70.5%(156/221)
23%(51/221)
externalism
76.2%(382/501)
15.5%(78/501)
Response pairs: 846   p-value: 0.033
not External world:non-skeptical realism0.073
non-skeptical realism not non-skeptical realism
internalism
81.4%(180/221)
17.1%(38/221)
externalism
85.8%(432/503)
10.7%(54/503)
Response pairs: 845   p-value: 0.033
A priori knowledge:yes0.072
yes no
internalism
80.1%(178/222)
13%(29/222)
externalism
72.2%(364/504)
21.4%(108/504)
Response pairs: 851   p-value: 0.035
Truth:epistemic0.072
epistemic not epistemic
internalism
11.7%(25/213)
84.5%(180/213)
externalism
5.2%(25/480)
88.7%(426/480)
Response pairs: 807   p-value: 0.04
not Normative ethics:virtue ethics0.071
virtue ethics not virtue ethics
internalism
17.3%(34/196)
69.8%(137/196)
externalism
24.6%(109/442)
63.1%(279/442)
Response pairs: 745   p-value: 0.052
External world:skepticism0.065
skepticism not skepticism
internalism
5.8%(13/221)
92.7%(205/221)
externalism
3.7%(19/503)
92.8%(467/503)
Response pairs: 845   p-value: 0.058
not Politics:egalitarianism0.061
egalitarianism not egalitarianism
internalism
34.6%(60/173)
49.7%(86/173)
externalism
46.7%(199/426)
37.3%(159/426)
Response pairs: 692   p-value: 0.108
Politics:libertarianism0.06
libertarianism not libertarianism
internalism
17.9%(31/173)
66.4%(115/173)
externalism
11%(47/426)
73%(311/426)
Response pairs: 692   p-value: 0.114
Normative ethics:consequentialism0.058
consequentialism not consequentialism
internalism
30.6%(60/196)
56.6%(111/196)
externalism
25.5%(113/442)
62.2%(275/442)
Response pairs: 745   p-value: 0.113
Personal identity:further-fact view0.056
further-fact view not further-fact view
internalism
17%(34/200)
62%(124/200)
externalism
13.7%(62/452)
68.3%(309/452)
Response pairs: 758   p-value: 0.123
Mind:non-physicalism0.053
non-physicalism physicalism
internalism
33.4%(74/221)
57.9%(128/221)
externalism
25.6%(130/507)
62.9%(319/507)
Response pairs: 853   p-value: 0.121
not Knowledge claims:invariantism0.05
invariantism not invariantism
internalism
39.8%(79/198)
48.9%(97/198)
externalism
39.1%(177/452)
52.6%(238/452)
Response pairs: 756   p-value: 0.169

Philosophical orientation

Answer Corrrelation coefficient
not AOS:Philosophy of Language0.218
Philosophy of Language not Philosophy of Language
internalism
9.9%(22/222)
90%(200/222)
externalism
25.6%(131/510)
74.3%(379/510)
Response pairs: 857   p-value: < 0.001
not xian:Wittgenstein0.123
Wittgenstein not Wittgenstein
internalism
4%(9/222)
95.9%(213/222)
externalism
10.1%(52/510)
89.8%(458/510)
Response pairs: 857   p-value: < 0.001
not xian:Davidson0.12
Davidson not Davidson
internalism
2.2%(5/222)
97.7%(217/222)
externalism
7.4%(38/510)
92.5%(472/510)
Response pairs: 857   p-value: < 0.001
AOS:Philosophy of Religion0.091
Philosophy of Religion not Philosophy of Religion
internalism
8.5%(19/222)
91.4%(203/222)
externalism
3.3%(17/510)
96.6%(493/510)
Response pairs: 857   p-value: 0.007
xian:Leibniz0.085
Leibniz not Leibniz
internalism
4%(9/222)
95.9%(213/222)
externalism
0.9%(5/510)
99%(505/510)
Response pairs: 857   p-value: 0.012
not AOS:Philosophy of Gender, Race, and Sexuality0.084
Philosophy of Gender, Race, and Sexuality not Philosophy of Gender, Race, and Sexuality
internalism
~0.4%(~1/222)
~99.5%(~221/222)
externalism
2.7%(14/510)
97.2%(496/510)
Response pairs: 857   p-value: 0.013
xian:Spinoza0.082
Spinoza not Spinoza
internalism
4.5%(10/222)
95.4%(212/222)
externalism
1.5%(8/510)
98.4%(502/510)
Response pairs: 857   p-value: 0.016
tradition:continental0.078
continental analytic
internalism
4.9%(11/222)
86.4%(192/222)
externalism
2.7%(14/510)
91.3%(466/510)
Response pairs: 857   p-value: 0.022
xian:Husserl0.073
Husserl not Husserl
internalism
2.2%(5/222)
97.7%(217/222)
externalism
0.5%(3/510)
99.4%(507/510)
Response pairs: 857   p-value: 0.032
AOS:17th/18th Century Philosophy0.071
17th/18th Century Philosophy not 17th/18th Century Philosophy
internalism
14.4%(32/222)
85.5%(190/222)
externalism
9.6%(49/510)
90.3%(461/510)
Response pairs: 857   p-value: 0.037
xian:Descartes0.062
Descartes not Descartes
internalism
2.7%(6/222)
97.2%(216/222)
externalism
1.1%(6/510)
98.8%(504/510)
Response pairs: 857   p-value: 0.069
xian:Locke0.057
Locke not Locke
internalism
4.9%(11/222)
95%(211/222)
externalism
2.5%(13/510)
97.4%(497/510)
Response pairs: 857   p-value: 0.095
AOS:Ancient Greek Philosophy0.053
Ancient Greek Philosophy not Ancient Greek Philosophy
internalism
9.9%(22/222)
90%(200/222)
externalism
5.8%(30/510)
94.1%(480/510)
Response pairs: 857   p-value: 0.121
not AOS:Aesthetics0.053
Aesthetics not Aesthetics
internalism
3.1%(7/222)
96.8%(215/222)
externalism
4.9%(25/510)
95%(485/510)
Response pairs: 857   p-value: 0.121

Background questions

Answer Corrrelation coefficient
year_of_phd-0.091
year_of_phd ≥ median year_of_phd < median
internalism
49.1%(87/177)
50.8%(90/177)
externalism
51.6%(206/399)
48.3%(193/399)
Response pairs: 667   p-value: 0.018
year_of_birth-0.077
year_of_birth ≥ median year_of_birth < median
internalism
46.9%(99/211)
53%(112/211)
externalism
53.8%(256/475)
46.1%(219/475)
Response pairs: 800   p-value: 0.029
affil:region:Australasia0.055
Australasia not Australasia
internalism
7.2%(16/222)
92.7%(206/222)
externalism
5.2%(27/510)
94.7%(483/510)
Response pairs: 857   p-value: 0.107
response_time0.051
response_time ≥ median response_time < median
internalism
56.2%(122/217)
43.7%(95/217)
externalism
49.4%(245/495)
50.5%(250/495)
Response pairs: 833   p-value: 0.141