The PhilPapers SurveysHighest linear correlations (Back to contents)

Correlations with: Moral motivation:internalism

N = 931 (target faculty). Cut-off = +/-0.05

n < 10 omitted. Some redundant or trivial correlations are not shown.

Jump to: Main Survey questions | Philosophical orientation | Background questions

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Main Survey questions

Answer Corrrelation coefficient
Mental content:internalism0.218
externalism internalism
internalism
50.9%(165/324)
35.8%(116/324)
externalism
70.7%(196/277)
18.7%(52/277)
Response pairs: 721   p-value: < 0.001
Epistemic justification:internalism0.19
internalism externalism
internalism
44.3%(144/325)
42.1%(137/325)
externalism
27.5%(78/283)
60.4%(171/283)
Response pairs: 737   p-value: < 0.001
Meta-ethics:moral anti-realism0.183
moral anti-realism moral realism
internalism
35.5%(120/338)
56.2%(190/338)
externalism
20.8%(60/288)
71.8%(207/288)
Response pairs: 756   p-value: < 0.001
Moral judgment:non-cognitivism0.157
non-cognitivism cognitivism
internalism
22.5%(75/333)
69.6%(232/333)
externalism
11.8%(34/287)
83.2%(239/287)
Response pairs: 745   p-value: < 0.001
Proper names:Fregean0.146
Fregean Millian
internalism
44.1%(129/292)
41.4%(121/292)
externalism
32%(81/253)
53.7%(136/253)
Response pairs: 658   p-value: < 0.001
Aesthetic value:subjective0.131
subjective objective
internalism
45.3%(151/333)
42%(140/333)
externalism
33.4%(95/284)
56.3%(160/284)
Response pairs: 745   p-value: < 0.001
Newcomb's problem:one box0.102
two boxes one box
internalism
42.1%(102/242)
37.1%(90/242)
externalism
51.1%(110/215)
31.6%(68/215)
Response pairs: 562   p-value: 0.015
Science:scientific anti-realism0.098
scientific anti-realism scientific realism
internalism
12.9%(43/333)
81.3%(271/333)
externalism
11.4%(33/288)
82.9%(239/288)
Response pairs: 753   p-value: 0.007
Abstract objects:nominalism0.098
Platonism nominalism
internalism
37.3%(124/332)
53.6%(178/332)
externalism
48.3%(136/281)
42.3%(119/281)
Response pairs: 741   p-value: 0.007
not External world:non-skeptical realism0.089
non-skeptical realism not non-skeptical realism
internalism
80.7%(273/338)
16.2%(55/338)
externalism
87.5%(254/290)
10%(29/290)
Response pairs: 761   p-value: 0.014
Teletransporter:survival0.087
survival death
internalism
47.8%(146/305)
33.4%(102/305)
externalism
41.5%(111/267)
40.4%(108/267)
Response pairs: 692   p-value: 0.022
External world:idealism0.087
idealism not idealism
internalism
6.2%(21/338)
90.8%(307/338)
externalism
3.1%(9/290)
94.4%(274/290)
Response pairs: 761   p-value: 0.016
Politics:communitarianism0.08
communitarianism not communitarianism
internalism
20.8%(61/292)
67.1%(196/292)
externalism
15.6%(39/250)
69.6%(174/250)
Response pairs: 654   p-value: 0.04
Perceptual experience:sense-datum theory0.073
sense-datum theory not sense-datum theory
internalism
5.6%(16/283)
79.8%(226/283)
externalism
2.9%(7/236)
86%(203/236)
Response pairs: 619   p-value: 0.069
not Knowledge claims:invariantism0.073
invariantism not invariantism
internalism
34.8%(102/293)
56.9%(167/293)
externalism
40%(106/265)
50.9%(135/265)
Response pairs: 680   p-value: 0.057
Trolley problem:don't switch0.066
switch don't switch
internalism
73.9%(239/323)
12.3%(40/323)
externalism
79.4%(220/277)
10.8%(30/277)
Response pairs: 726   p-value: 0.075
Metaphilosophy:naturalism0.065
naturalism non-naturalism
internalism
60.1%(189/314)
28.9%(91/314)
externalism
50.1%(138/275)
34.9%(96/275)
Response pairs: 719   p-value: 0.081
Knowledge claims:contextualism0.065
contextualism not contextualism
internalism
51.8%(152/293)
39.9%(117/293)
externalism
45.6%(121/265)
45.2%(120/265)
Response pairs: 680   p-value: 0.09
Laws of nature:Humean0.063
Humean non-Humean
internalism
27.8%(92/330)
64.2%(212/330)
externalism
22.2%(60/270)
69.6%(188/270)
Response pairs: 724   p-value: 0.09
Personal identity:psychological view0.06
psychological view not psychological view
internalism
42.5%(126/296)
39.1%(116/296)
externalism
40%(106/265)
44.9%(119/265)
Response pairs: 686   p-value: 0.116
Logic:classical0.053
classical non-classical
internalism
67.3%(202/300)
18%(54/300)
externalism
65.8%(166/252)
21.4%(54/252)
Response pairs: 668   p-value: 0.171

Philosophical orientation

Answer Corrrelation coefficient
xian:Kant0.105
Kant not Kant
internalism
15.7%(54/342)
84.2%(288/342)
externalism
9.5%(28/293)
90.4%(265/293)
Response pairs: 770   p-value: 0.003
not xian:Mill0.097
Mill not Mill
internalism
3.5%(12/342)
96.4%(330/342)
externalism
7.8%(23/293)
92.1%(270/293)
Response pairs: 770   p-value: 0.007
AOS:19th Century Philosophy0.089
19th Century Philosophy not 19th Century Philosophy
internalism
6.4%(22/342)
93.5%(320/342)
externalism
2.7%(8/293)
97.2%(285/293)
Response pairs: 770   p-value: 0.013
AOS:17th/18th Century Philosophy0.088
17th/18th Century Philosophy not 17th/18th Century Philosophy
internalism
14.6%(50/342)
85.3%(292/342)
externalism
8.8%(26/293)
91.1%(267/293)
Response pairs: 770   p-value: 0.014
AOS:Aesthetics0.086
Aesthetics not Aesthetics
internalism
6.1%(21/342)
93.8%(321/342)
externalism
2.3%(7/293)
97.6%(286/293)
Response pairs: 770   p-value: 0.016
not xian:Locke0.07
Locke not Locke
internalism
2.9%(10/342)
97%(332/342)
externalism
6.1%(18/293)
93.8%(275/293)
Response pairs: 770   p-value: 0.052
not xian:Moore0.064
Moore not Moore
internalism
2.6%(9/342)
97.3%(333/342)
externalism
3.7%(11/293)
96.2%(282/293)
Response pairs: 770   p-value: 0.075
xian:Hegel0.061
Hegel not Hegel
internalism
2.9%(10/342)
97%(332/342)
externalism
1%(3/293)
98.9%(290/293)
Response pairs: 770   p-value: 0.09
xian:Aristotle0.056
Aristotle not Aristotle
internalism
15.4%(53/342)
84.5%(289/342)
externalism
11.6%(34/293)
88.3%(259/293)
Response pairs: 770   p-value: 0.12
xian:Plato0.054
Plato not Plato
internalism
6.1%(21/342)
93.8%(321/342)
externalism
3%(9/293)
96.9%(284/293)
Response pairs: 770   p-value: 0.134
xian:Leibniz0.053
Leibniz not Leibniz
internalism
2.9%(10/342)
97%(332/342)
externalism
1%(3/293)
98.9%(290/293)
Response pairs: 770   p-value: 0.141
not AOS:Metaphysics0.053
Metaphysics not Metaphysics
internalism
21.6%(74/342)
78.3%(268/342)
externalism
25.9%(76/293)
74%(217/293)
Response pairs: 770   p-value: 0.141
AOS:Social and Political Philosophy0.051
Social and Political Philosophy not Social and Political Philosophy
internalism
14.6%(50/342)
85.3%(292/342)
externalism
12.2%(36/293)
87.7%(257/293)
Response pairs: 770   p-value: 0.157
AOS:Decision Theory0.051
Decision Theory not Decision Theory
internalism
3.8%(13/342)
96.1%(329/342)
externalism
2.7%(8/293)
97.2%(285/293)
Response pairs: 770   p-value: 0.157

Background questions

Answer Corrrelation coefficient
year_of_birth-0.072
year_of_birth ≥ median year_of_birth < median
internalism
48.1%(155/322)
51.8%(167/322)
externalism
53.2%(147/276)
46.7%(129/276)
Response pairs: 723   p-value: 0.052
affil:region:Australasia0.067
Australasia not Australasia
internalism
7.8%(27/342)
92.1%(315/342)
externalism
4.4%(13/293)
95.5%(280/293)
Response pairs: 770   p-value: 0.063
nationality_region:Europe0.066
Europe not Europe
internalism
15.7%(54/342)
84.2%(288/342)
externalism
11.2%(33/293)
88.7%(260/293)
Response pairs: 770   p-value: 0.067
affil:region:Europe0.065
Europe not Europe
internalism
9%(31/342)
90.9%(311/342)
externalism
5.4%(16/293)
94.5%(277/293)
Response pairs: 770   p-value: 0.071
not phd_region:United States0.063
United States not United States
internalism
49.4%(169/342)
50.5%(173/342)
externalism
54.2%(159/293)
45.7%(134/293)
Response pairs: 770   p-value: 0.08
phd_region:Europe0.058
Europe not Europe
internalism
6.7%(23/342)
93.2%(319/342)
externalism
4.4%(13/293)
95.5%(280/293)
Response pairs: 770   p-value: 0.107
not nationality_region:United States0.057
United States not United States
internalism
46.7%(160/342)
53.2%(182/342)
externalism
53.2%(156/293)
46.7%(137/293)
Response pairs: 770   p-value: 0.114
not affil:region:United States0.051
United States not United States
internalism
58.1%(199/342)
41.8%(143/342)
externalism
63.4%(186/293)
36.5%(107/293)
Response pairs: 770   p-value: 0.157
phd_region:Canada0.05
Canada not Canada
internalism
3.5%(12/342)
96.4%(330/342)
externalism
2%(6/293)
97.9%(287/293)
Response pairs: 770   p-value: 0.165