The PhilPapers SurveysHighest linear correlations (Back to contents)

Correlations with: Normative ethics:consequentialism

N = 931 (target faculty). Cut-off = +/-0.05

n < 10 omitted. Some redundant or trivial correlations are not shown.

Jump to: Main Survey questions | Philosophical orientation | Background questions

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Main Survey questions

Answer Corrrelation coefficient
Trolley problem:switch0.284
switch don't switch
consequentialism
92.9%(199/214)
3.2%(7/214)
not consequentialism
66.9%(290/433)
17.3%(75/433)
Response pairs: 753   p-value: < 0.001
Metaphilosophy:naturalism0.252
naturalism non-naturalism
consequentialism
71%(150/211)
17%(36/211)
not consequentialism
48.1%(207/430)
38.3%(165/430)
Response pairs: 742   p-value: < 0.001
Mind:physicalism0.252
physicalism non-physicalism
consequentialism
76.1%(166/218)
16%(35/218)
not consequentialism
49.7%(230/462)
40%(185/462)
Response pairs: 790   p-value: < 0.001
Aesthetic value:subjective0.238
subjective objective
consequentialism
55%(115/209)
34.9%(73/209)
not consequentialism
28.3%(129/455)
58%(264/455)
Response pairs: 772   p-value: < 0.001
Laws of nature:Humean0.229
Humean non-Humean
consequentialism
43.6%(90/206)
47%(97/206)
not consequentialism
19.6%(87/442)
72.3%(320/442)
Response pairs: 749   p-value: < 0.001
Time:B-theory0.22
B-theory A-theory
consequentialism
58.9%(92/156)
17.9%(28/156)
not consequentialism
40.8%(119/291)
37.4%(109/291)
Response pairs: 510   p-value: < 0.001
God:atheism0.218
atheism theism
consequentialism
87.1%(190/218)
7.3%(16/218)
not consequentialism
68.1%(314/461)
23.6%(109/461)
Response pairs: 789   p-value: < 0.001
Knowledge:empiricism0.199
empiricism rationalism
consequentialism
52.9%(116/219)
26.4%(58/219)
not consequentialism
38%(176/463)
41.4%(192/463)
Response pairs: 792   p-value: < 0.001
Politics:egalitarianism0.184
egalitarianism not egalitarianism
consequentialism
54.5%(95/174)
27%(47/174)
not consequentialism
40.5%(162/400)
46.2%(185/400)
Response pairs: 662   p-value: < 0.001
Moral judgment:non-cognitivism0.18
non-cognitivism cognitivism
consequentialism
26.8%(55/205)
65.8%(135/205)
not consequentialism
14.8%(67/450)
79.5%(358/450)
Response pairs: 759   p-value: < 0.001
not Free will:libertarianism0.17
libertarianism not libertarianism
consequentialism
5.1%(11/214)
88.3%(189/214)
not consequentialism
20.7%(95/458)
72.4%(332/458)
Response pairs: 779   p-value: < 0.001
Meta-ethics:moral anti-realism0.166
moral anti-realism moral realism
consequentialism
40%(85/212)
53.3%(113/212)
not consequentialism
22%(101/458)
70%(321/458)
Response pairs: 775   p-value: < 0.001
Perceptual experience:representationalism0.159
representationalism not representationalism
consequentialism
50.3%(83/165)
35.7%(59/165)
not consequentialism
38.8%(144/371)
48.5%(180/371)
Response pairs: 622   p-value: < 0.001
Personal identity:psychological view0.121
psychological view not psychological view
consequentialism
46.7%(94/201)
32.3%(65/201)
not consequentialism
36.6%(148/404)
46.5%(188/404)
Response pairs: 705   p-value: 0.001
Abstract objects:nominalism0.116
nominalism Platonism
consequentialism
45.4%(96/211)
42.6%(90/211)
not consequentialism
38.5%(174/451)
53.4%(241/451)
Response pairs: 769   p-value: 0.001
Truth:correspondence0.11
correspondence not correspondence
consequentialism
61.8%(128/207)
35.2%(73/207)
not consequentialism
53%(233/439)
41.2%(181/439)
Response pairs: 743   p-value: 0.002
Free will:compatibilism0.098
compatibilism not compatibilism
consequentialism
64.4%(138/214)
28.9%(62/214)
not consequentialism
58.9%(270/458)
34.2%(157/458)
Response pairs: 779   p-value: 0.006
Free will:no free will0.096
no free will free will
consequentialism
21.9%(47/214)
71.4%(153/214)
not consequentialism
9.8%(45/458)
83.4%(382/458)
Response pairs: 779   p-value: 0.007
Science:scientific realism0.095
scientific realism scientific anti-realism
consequentialism
83.4%(181/217)
10.5%(23/217)
not consequentialism
75.9%(348/458)
18.1%(83/458)
Response pairs: 782   p-value: 0.007
Epistemic justification:externalism0.09
externalism internalism
consequentialism
53.8%(113/210)
28%(59/210)
not consequentialism
48.2%(213/441)
36.7%(162/441)
Response pairs: 753   p-value: 0.013
not External world:idealism0.09
idealism not idealism
consequentialism
~0.4%(~1/216)
95.8%(207/216)
not consequentialism
5.6%(26/464)
90.9%(422/464)
Response pairs: 791   p-value: 0.011
A priori knowledge:no0.087
no yes
consequentialism
22.4%(49/218)
69.2%(151/218)
not consequentialism
18.3%(85/464)
76.7%(356/464)
Response pairs: 791   p-value: 0.014
External world:non-skeptical realism0.087
non-skeptical realism not non-skeptical realism
consequentialism
86.5%(187/216)
10.1%(22/216)
not consequentialism
82.3%(382/464)
14.2%(66/464)
Response pairs: 791   p-value: 0.014
not Truth:epistemic0.086
epistemic not epistemic
consequentialism
4.8%(10/207)
92.2%(191/207)
not consequentialism
8.8%(39/439)
85.4%(375/439)
Response pairs: 743   p-value: 0.019
not Perceptual experience:disjunctivism0.086
disjunctivism not disjunctivism
consequentialism
9.6%(16/165)
76.3%(126/165)
not consequentialism
18.3%(68/371)
69%(256/371)
Response pairs: 622   p-value: 0.031
Teletransporter:survival0.084
survival death
consequentialism
52.2%(106/203)
34.4%(70/203)
not consequentialism
39.8%(163/409)
38.6%(158/409)
Response pairs: 713   p-value: 0.024
not Zombies:metaphysically possible0.069
metaphysically possible not metaphysically possible
consequentialism
22%(45/204)
66.6%(136/204)
not consequentialism
29.6%(125/421)
58.4%(246/421)
Response pairs: 720   p-value: 0.064
Zombies:conceivable but not metaphysically possible0.063
conceivable but not metaphysically possible not conceivable but not metaphysically possible
consequentialism
46.5%(95/204)
42.1%(86/204)
not consequentialism
37.2%(157/421)
50.8%(214/421)
Response pairs: 720   p-value: 0.091
not Politics:communitarianism0.063
communitarianism not communitarianism
consequentialism
9.1%(16/174)
72.4%(126/174)
not consequentialism
21.2%(85/400)
65.5%(262/400)
Response pairs: 662   p-value: 0.105
Mental content:internalism0.058
internalism externalism
consequentialism
28.8%(60/208)
54.3%(113/208)
not consequentialism
25.4%(111/437)
62.9%(275/437)
Response pairs: 745   p-value: 0.113
not Personal identity:further-fact view0.057
further-fact view not further-fact view
consequentialism
9.9%(20/201)
69.1%(139/201)
not consequentialism
17%(69/404)
66%(267/404)
Response pairs: 705   p-value: 0.13

Philosophical orientation

Answer Corrrelation coefficient
not xian:Kant0.201
Kant not Kant
consequentialism
3.6%(8/220)
96.3%(212/220)
not consequentialism
17.9%(84/468)
82%(384/468)
Response pairs: 800   p-value: < 0.001
xian:Lewis0.173
Lewis not Lewis
consequentialism
16.3%(36/220)
83.6%(184/220)
not consequentialism
5.1%(24/468)
94.8%(444/468)
Response pairs: 800   p-value: < 0.001
xian:Hume0.166
Hume not Hume
consequentialism
25%(55/220)
75%(165/220)
not consequentialism
10.8%(51/468)
89.1%(417/468)
Response pairs: 800   p-value: < 0.001
tradition:analytic0.156
analytic continental
consequentialism
95%(209/220)
~0.4%(~1/220)
not consequentialism
85.6%(401/468)
5.3%(25/468)
Response pairs: 800   p-value: < 0.001
AOS:Philosophy of Biology0.146
Philosophy of Biology not Philosophy of Biology
consequentialism
8.6%(19/220)
91.3%(201/220)
not consequentialism
2.5%(12/468)
97.4%(456/468)
Response pairs: 800   p-value: < 0.001
not xian:Aristotle0.138
Aristotle not Aristotle
consequentialism
7.7%(17/220)
92.2%(203/220)
not consequentialism
16%(75/468)
83.9%(393/468)
Response pairs: 800   p-value: < 0.001
AOS:Decision Theory0.136
Decision Theory not Decision Theory
consequentialism
8.1%(18/220)
91.8%(202/220)
not consequentialism
1.9%(9/468)
98%(459/468)
Response pairs: 800   p-value: < 0.001
xian:Mill0.133
Mill not Mill
consequentialism
8.1%(18/220)
91.8%(202/220)
not consequentialism
2.9%(14/468)
97%(454/468)
Response pairs: 800   p-value: < 0.001
AOS:General Philosophy of Science0.115
General Philosophy of Science not General Philosophy of Science
consequentialism
16.3%(36/220)
83.6%(184/220)
not consequentialism
8.1%(38/468)
91.8%(430/468)
Response pairs: 800   p-value: 0.001
not AOS:Ancient Greek Philosophy0.111
Ancient Greek Philosophy not Ancient Greek Philosophy
consequentialism
3.6%(8/220)
96.3%(212/220)
not consequentialism
9.1%(43/468)
90.8%(425/468)
Response pairs: 800   p-value: 0.001
metasurvey:accuracy0.095
accuracy ≥ median accuracy < median
consequentialism
57.1%(36/63)
42.8%(27/63)
not consequentialism
47.1%(49/104)
52.8%(55/104)
Response pairs: 186   p-value: 0.197
not AOS:Philosophy of Religion0.092
Philosophy of Religion not Philosophy of Religion
consequentialism
2.7%(6/220)
97.2%(214/220)
not consequentialism
6.8%(32/468)
93.1%(436/468)
Response pairs: 800   p-value: 0.009
not xian:Leibniz0.091
Leibniz not Leibniz
consequentialism
~0.4%(~1/220)
~99.5%(~219/220)
not consequentialism
2.5%(12/468)
97.4%(456/468)
Response pairs: 800   p-value: 0.01
xian:Quine0.087
Quine not Quine
consequentialism
10.4%(23/220)
89.5%(197/220)
not consequentialism
4.9%(23/468)
95%(445/468)
Response pairs: 800   p-value: 0.013
not AOS:Continental Philosophy0.087
Continental Philosophy not Continental Philosophy
consequentialism
1.3%(3/220)
98.6%(217/220)
not consequentialism
3.6%(17/468)
96.3%(451/468)
Response pairs: 800   p-value: 0.013
not AOS:17th/18th Century Philosophy0.085
17th/18th Century Philosophy not 17th/18th Century Philosophy
consequentialism
8.1%(18/220)
91.8%(202/220)
not consequentialism
14.5%(68/468)
85.4%(400/468)
Response pairs: 800   p-value: 0.016
xian:Carnap0.083
Carnap not Carnap
consequentialism
8.6%(19/220)
91.3%(201/220)
not consequentialism
3.8%(18/468)
96.1%(450/468)
Response pairs: 800   p-value: 0.018
AOS:Philosophy of Physical Science0.08
Philosophy of Physical Science not Philosophy of Physical Science
consequentialism
10%(22/220)
90%(198/220)
not consequentialism
4.9%(23/468)
95%(445/468)
Response pairs: 800   p-value: 0.023
AOS:Philosophy of Language0.078
Philosophy of Language not Philosophy of Language
consequentialism
19.5%(43/220)
80.4%(177/220)
not consequentialism
15.1%(71/468)
84.8%(397/468)
Response pairs: 800   p-value: 0.027
not xian:Wittgenstein0.078
Wittgenstein not Wittgenstein
consequentialism
2.7%(6/220)
97.2%(214/220)
not consequentialism
8.3%(39/468)
91.6%(429/468)
Response pairs: 800   p-value: 0.027
AOS:Philosophy of Probability0.076
Philosophy of Probability not Philosophy of Probability
consequentialism
4%(9/220)
95.9%(211/220)
not consequentialism
0.8%(4/468)
99.1%(464/468)
Response pairs: 800   p-value: 0.031
not AOS:Social and Political Philosophy0.075
Social and Political Philosophy not Social and Political Philosophy
consequentialism
6.8%(15/220)
93.1%(205/220)
not consequentialism
11.7%(55/468)
88.2%(413/468)
Response pairs: 800   p-value: 0.033
not AOS:19th Century Philosophy0.073
19th Century Philosophy not 19th Century Philosophy
consequentialism
1.8%(4/220)
98.1%(216/220)
not consequentialism
5.5%(26/468)
94.4%(442/468)
Response pairs: 800   p-value: 0.038
AOS:Philosophy of Cognitive Science0.072
Philosophy of Cognitive Science not Philosophy of Cognitive Science
consequentialism
9%(20/220)
90.9%(200/220)
not consequentialism
4.2%(20/468)
95.7%(448/468)
Response pairs: 800   p-value: 0.041
not xian:Nietzsche0.072
Nietzsche not Nietzsche
consequentialism
~0.4%(~1/220)
~99.5%(~219/220)
not consequentialism
2.5%(12/468)
97.4%(456/468)
Response pairs: 800   p-value: 0.041
not AOS:20th Century Philosophy0.07
20th Century Philosophy not 20th Century Philosophy
consequentialism
2.7%(6/220)
97.2%(214/220)
not consequentialism
5.7%(27/468)
94.2%(441/468)
Response pairs: 800   p-value: 0.047
not xian:Rawls0.069
Rawls not Rawls
consequentialism
2.7%(6/220)
97.2%(214/220)
not consequentialism
5.7%(27/468)
94.2%(441/468)
Response pairs: 800   p-value: 0.051
not xian:Hegel0.068
Hegel not Hegel
consequentialism
~0.4%(~1/220)
~99.5%(~219/220)
not consequentialism
2.1%(10/468)
97.8%(458/468)
Response pairs: 800   p-value: 0.054
xian:Russell0.066
Russell not Russell
consequentialism
9%(20/220)
90.9%(200/220)
not consequentialism
5.5%(26/468)
94.4%(442/468)
Response pairs: 800   p-value: 0.062
not xian:Plato0.065
Plato not Plato
consequentialism
2.2%(5/220)
97.7%(215/220)
not consequentialism
4.7%(22/468)
95.2%(446/468)
Response pairs: 800   p-value: 0.066
not xian:Husserl0.063
Husserl not Husserl
consequentialism
~0.4%(~1/220)
~99.5%(~219/220)
not consequentialism
1.7%(8/468)
98.2%(460/468)
Response pairs: 800   p-value: 0.074
AOS:Philosophy of Social Science0.056
Philosophy of Social Science not Philosophy of Social Science
consequentialism
3.6%(8/220)
96.3%(212/220)
not consequentialism
1.7%(8/468)
98.2%(460/468)
Response pairs: 800   p-value: 0.113
AOS:Metaphysics0.055
Metaphysics not Metaphysics
consequentialism
30.4%(67/220)
69.5%(153/220)
not consequentialism
24.5%(115/468)
75.4%(353/468)
Response pairs: 800   p-value: 0.12
not xian:Heidegger0.055
Heidegger not Heidegger
consequentialism
~0.4%(~1/220)
~99.5%(~219/220)
not consequentialism
1.7%(8/468)
98.2%(460/468)
Response pairs: 800   p-value: 0.12
not AOS:Medieval and Renaissance Philosophy0.055
Medieval and Renaissance Philosophy not Medieval and Renaissance Philosophy
consequentialism
~0.4%(~1/220)
~99.5%(~219/220)
not consequentialism
2.3%(11/468)
97.6%(457/468)
Response pairs: 800   p-value: 0.12

Background questions

Answer Corrrelation coefficient
phd_region:Australasia0.183
Australasia not Australasia
consequentialism
9%(20/220)
90.9%(200/220)
not consequentialism
1.2%(6/468)
98.7%(462/468)
Response pairs: 800   p-value: < 0.001
affil:region:Australasia0.132
Australasia not Australasia
consequentialism
11.3%(25/220)
88.6%(195/220)
not consequentialism
3.8%(18/468)
96.1%(450/468)
Response pairs: 800   p-value: < 0.001
nationality_region:Australasia0.107
Australasia not Australasia
consequentialism
10%(22/220)
90%(198/220)
not consequentialism
4%(19/468)
95.9%(449/468)
Response pairs: 800   p-value: 0.002
not affil:region:United States0.093
United States not United States
consequentialism
53.6%(118/220)
46.3%(102/220)
not consequentialism
63.8%(299/468)
36.1%(169/468)
Response pairs: 800   p-value: 0.008
not phd_region:United States0.084
United States not United States
consequentialism
46.3%(102/220)
53.6%(118/220)
not consequentialism
56.8%(266/468)
43.1%(202/468)
Response pairs: 800   p-value: 0.017
year_of_phd0.078
year_of_phd ≥ median year_of_phd < median
consequentialism
56.7%(97/171)
43.2%(74/171)
not consequentialism
48.5%(179/369)
51.4%(190/369)
Response pairs: 624   p-value: 0.051
not nationality_region:United States0.071
United States not United States
consequentialism
45%(99/220)
55%(121/220)
not consequentialism
52.9%(248/468)
47%(220/468)
Response pairs: 800   p-value: 0.044
nationality_region:Europe0.065
Europe not Europe
consequentialism
15.9%(35/220)
84%(185/220)
not consequentialism
10.6%(50/468)
89.3%(418/468)
Response pairs: 800   p-value: 0.066
response_time0.064
response_time ≥ median response_time < median
consequentialism
52.1%(110/211)
47.8%(101/211)
not consequentialism
50.2%(230/458)
49.7%(228/458)
Response pairs: 780   p-value: 0.074
gender:male0.057
male female
consequentialism
85.7%(180/210)
14.2%(30/210)
not consequentialism
79.9%(355/444)
20%(89/444)
Response pairs: 758   p-value: 0.116
not phd_region:Canada0.052
Canada not Canada
consequentialism
1.8%(4/220)
98.1%(216/220)
not consequentialism
3.2%(15/468)
96.7%(453/468)
Response pairs: 800   p-value: 0.141
affil:region:Europe0.05
Europe not Europe
consequentialism
8.6%(19/220)
91.3%(201/220)
not consequentialism
6.1%(29/468)
93.8%(439/468)
Response pairs: 800   p-value: 0.157