The PhilPapers SurveysHighest linear correlations (Back to contents)

Correlations with: Normative ethics:virtue ethics

N = 931 (target faculty). Cut-off = +/-0.05

n < 10 omitted. Some redundant or trivial correlations are not shown.

Jump to: Main Survey questions | Philosophical orientation | Background questions

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Main Survey questions

Answer Corrrelation coefficient
Politics:communitarianism0.207
communitarianism not communitarianism
virtue ethics
33.1%(49/148)
55.4%(82/148)
not virtue ethics
12.2%(52/426)
71.8%(306/426)
Response pairs: 662   p-value: < 0.001
Trolley problem:don't switch0.169
switch don't switch
virtue ethics
61.6%(95/154)
18.1%(28/154)
not virtue ethics
79.9%(394/493)
10.9%(54/493)
Response pairs: 753   p-value: < 0.001
Time:A-theory0.159
B-theory A-theory
virtue ethics
32%(34/106)
46.2%(49/106)
not virtue ethics
51.9%(177/341)
25.8%(88/341)
Response pairs: 510   p-value: < 0.001
Free will:libertarianism0.139
libertarianism not libertarianism
virtue ethics
26.2%(43/164)
69.5%(114/164)
not virtue ethics
12.4%(63/508)
80.1%(407/508)
Response pairs: 779   p-value: < 0.001
God:theism0.138
atheism theism
virtue ethics
65.2%(107/164)
29.2%(48/164)
not virtue ethics
77%(397/515)
14.9%(77/515)
Response pairs: 789   p-value: < 0.001
Mind:non-physicalism0.125
physicalism non-physicalism
virtue ethics
48.5%(81/167)
42.5%(71/167)
not virtue ethics
61.4%(315/513)
29%(149/513)
Response pairs: 790   p-value: < 0.001
Politics:libertarianism0.111
libertarianism not libertarianism
virtue ethics
14.8%(22/148)
73.6%(109/148)
not virtue ethics
12.6%(54/426)
71.3%(304/426)
Response pairs: 662   p-value: 0.004
Perceptual experience:qualia theory0.103
qualia theory not qualia theory
virtue ethics
20.2%(29/143)
69.2%(99/143)
not virtue ethics
15.7%(62/393)
70.2%(276/393)
Response pairs: 622   p-value: 0.01
Epistemic justification:externalism0.101
internalism externalism
virtue ethics
28.9%(46/159)
57.2%(91/159)
not virtue ethics
35.7%(176/492)
47.5%(234/492)
Response pairs: 753   p-value: 0.005
not Politics:egalitarianism0.097
egalitarianism not egalitarianism
virtue ethics
36.4%(54/148)
52%(77/148)
not virtue ethics
47.6%(203/426)
36.3%(155/426)
Response pairs: 662   p-value: 0.012
not Perceptual experience:representationalism0.09
representationalism not representationalism
virtue ethics
37.7%(54/143)
51.7%(74/143)
not virtue ethics
44%(173/393)
41.9%(165/393)
Response pairs: 622   p-value: 0.024
Analytic-synthetic distinction:no0.085
no yes
virtue ethics
35.5%(59/166)
60.2%(100/166)
not virtue ethics
24.6%(127/515)
70.4%(363/515)
Response pairs: 790   p-value: 0.016
Personal identity:further-fact view0.082
further-fact view not further-fact view
virtue ethics
21.1%(30/142)
64%(91/142)
not virtue ethics
12.7%(59/463)
68%(315/463)
Response pairs: 705   p-value: 0.029
Newcomb's problem:one box0.078
two boxes one box
virtue ethics
38%(40/105)
34.2%(36/105)
not virtue ethics
49%(198/404)
30.6%(124/404)
Response pairs: 586   p-value: 0.059
Science:scientific anti-realism0.073
scientific anti-realism scientific realism
virtue ethics
15.7%(26/165)
78.1%(129/165)
not virtue ethics
11.9%(61/510)
82.1%(419/510)
Response pairs: 782   p-value: 0.041
not Free will:compatibilism0.073
compatibilism not compatibilism
virtue ethics
53.6%(88/164)
42%(69/164)
not virtue ethics
62.9%(320/508)
29.5%(150/508)
Response pairs: 779   p-value: 0.041
Aesthetic value:objective0.071
objective subjective
virtue ethics
53.3%(88/165)
33.9%(56/165)
not virtue ethics
46.6%(233/499)
40.8%(204/499)
Response pairs: 772   p-value: 0.048
Mental content:externalism0.071
internalism externalism
virtue ethics
21.3%(34/159)
68.5%(109/159)
not virtue ethics
28.1%(137/486)
57.4%(279/486)
Response pairs: 745   p-value: 0.052
Perceptual experience:disjunctivism0.068
disjunctivism not disjunctivism
virtue ethics
20.2%(29/143)
69.2%(99/143)
not virtue ethics
13.9%(55/393)
72%(283/393)
Response pairs: 622   p-value: 0.09
not Free will:no free will0.064
no free will free will
virtue ethics
10.3%(17/164)
85.3%(140/164)
not virtue ethics
14.7%(75/508)
77.7%(395/508)
Response pairs: 779   p-value: 0.074
Meta-ethics:moral realism0.061
moral realism moral anti-realism
virtue ethics
69.7%(113/162)
22.8%(37/162)
not virtue ethics
58.6%(298/508)
33.8%(172/508)
Response pairs: 775   p-value: 0.089
Moral motivation:externalism0.061
externalism internalism
virtue ethics
44.6%(63/141)
44.6%(63/141)
not virtue ethics
38.5%(169/438)
45.4%(199/438)
Response pairs: 675   p-value: 0.113
Knowledge claims:contextualism0.059
contextualism not contextualism
virtue ethics
53.3%(79/148)
37.1%(55/148)
not virtue ethics
45.6%(206/451)
42.7%(193/451)
Response pairs: 701   p-value: 0.118
Knowledge:empiricism0.056
rationalism empiricism
virtue ethics
31.1%(52/167)
52%(87/167)
not virtue ethics
36.5%(188/515)
41.7%(215/515)
Response pairs: 792   p-value: 0.115
Zombies:inconceivable0.055
inconceivable not inconceivable
virtue ethics
23.2%(36/155)
65.1%(101/155)
not virtue ethics
17.6%(83/470)
70.6%(332/470)
Response pairs: 720   p-value: 0.14
Personal identity:biological view0.054
biological view not biological view
virtue ethics
22.5%(32/142)
62.6%(89/142)
not virtue ethics
18.3%(85/463)
62.4%(289/463)
Response pairs: 705   p-value: 0.152
not Knowledge claims:invariantism0.052
invariantism not invariantism
virtue ethics
33.7%(50/148)
56.7%(84/148)
not virtue ethics
38.3%(173/451)
50.1%(226/451)
Response pairs: 701   p-value: 0.169
Truth:epistemic0.05
epistemic not epistemic
virtue ethics
9.6%(16/165)
83.6%(138/165)
not virtue ethics
6.8%(33/481)
88.9%(428/481)
Response pairs: 743   p-value: 0.173

Philosophical orientation

Answer Corrrelation coefficient
xian:Aristotle0.214
Aristotle not Aristotle
virtue ethics
27.2%(46/169)
72.7%(123/169)
not virtue ethics
8.8%(46/519)
91.1%(473/519)
Response pairs: 800   p-value: < 0.001
AOS:Ancient Greek Philosophy0.175
Ancient Greek Philosophy not Ancient Greek Philosophy
virtue ethics
15.3%(26/169)
84.6%(143/169)
not virtue ethics
4.8%(25/519)
95.1%(494/519)
Response pairs: 800   p-value: < 0.001
not AOS:Normative Ethics0.111
Normative Ethics not Normative Ethics
virtue ethics
10%(17/169)
89.9%(152/169)
not virtue ethics
17.7%(92/519)
82.2%(427/519)
Response pairs: 800   p-value: 0.001
not xian:Lewis0.105
Lewis not Lewis
virtue ethics
3.5%(6/169)
96.4%(163/169)
not virtue ethics
10.4%(54/519)
89.5%(465/519)
Response pairs: 800   p-value: 0.002
not AOS:Meta-Ethics0.091
Meta-Ethics not Meta-Ethics
virtue ethics
7.1%(12/169)
92.8%(157/169)
not virtue ethics
12.1%(63/519)
87.8%(456/519)
Response pairs: 800   p-value: 0.01
xian:Wittgenstein0.09
Wittgenstein not Wittgenstein
virtue ethics
10.6%(18/169)
89.3%(151/169)
not virtue ethics
5.2%(27/519)
94.7%(492/519)
Response pairs: 800   p-value: 0.01
AOS:Medieval and Renaissance Philosophy0.088
Medieval and Renaissance Philosophy not Medieval and Renaissance Philosophy
virtue ethics
4.1%(7/169)
95.8%(162/169)
not virtue ethics
0.9%(5/519)
99%(514/519)
Response pairs: 800   p-value: 0.012
not xian:Rawls0.08
Rawls not Rawls
virtue ethics
~0.5%(~1/169)
~99.4%(~168/169)
not virtue ethics
5.9%(31/519)
94%(488/519)
Response pairs: 800   p-value: 0.023
not AOS:Decision Theory0.074
Decision Theory not Decision Theory
virtue ethics
1.7%(3/169)
98.2%(166/169)
not virtue ethics
4.6%(24/519)
95.3%(495/519)
Response pairs: 800   p-value: 0.036
AOS:Aesthetics0.07
Aesthetics not Aesthetics
virtue ethics
7.6%(13/169)
92.3%(156/169)
not virtue ethics
3.4%(18/519)
96.5%(501/519)
Response pairs: 800   p-value: 0.047
not xian:Mill0.069
Mill not Mill
virtue ethics
1.7%(3/169)
98.2%(166/169)
not virtue ethics
5.5%(29/519)
94.4%(490/519)
Response pairs: 800   p-value: 0.051
not xian:Kant0.068
Kant not Kant
virtue ethics
11.8%(20/169)
88.1%(149/169)
not virtue ethics
13.8%(72/519)
86.1%(447/519)
Response pairs: 800   p-value: 0.054
not AOS:Social and Political Philosophy0.065
Social and Political Philosophy not Social and Political Philosophy
virtue ethics
6.5%(11/169)
93.4%(158/169)
not virtue ethics
11.3%(59/519)
88.6%(460/519)
Response pairs: 800   p-value: 0.066
not AOS:Philosophy of Law0.065
Philosophy of Law not Philosophy of Law
virtue ethics
1.7%(3/169)
98.2%(166/169)
not virtue ethics
3.4%(18/519)
96.5%(501/519)
Response pairs: 800   p-value: 0.066
xian:Plato0.062
Plato not Plato
virtue ethics
7.1%(12/169)
92.8%(157/169)
not virtue ethics
2.8%(15/519)
97.1%(504/519)
Response pairs: 800   p-value: 0.079
AOS:Philosophy of Religion0.062
Philosophy of Religion not Philosophy of Religion
virtue ethics
8.2%(14/169)
91.7%(155/169)
not virtue ethics
4.6%(24/519)
95.3%(495/519)
Response pairs: 800   p-value: 0.079
not xian:Carnap0.062
Carnap not Carnap
virtue ethics
2.9%(5/169)
97%(164/169)
not virtue ethics
6.1%(32/519)
93.8%(487/519)
Response pairs: 800   p-value: 0.079
AOS:Continental Philosophy0.061
Continental Philosophy not Continental Philosophy
virtue ethics
5.3%(9/169)
94.6%(160/169)
not virtue ethics
2.1%(11/519)
97.8%(508/519)
Response pairs: 800   p-value: 0.084
AOS:17th/18th Century Philosophy0.055
17th/18th Century Philosophy not 17th/18th Century Philosophy
virtue ethics
16.5%(28/169)
83.4%(141/169)
not virtue ethics
11.1%(58/519)
88.8%(461/519)
Response pairs: 800   p-value: 0.12
xian:Heidegger0.052
Heidegger not Heidegger
virtue ethics
2.3%(4/169)
97.6%(165/169)
not virtue ethics
0.7%(4/519)
99.2%(515/519)
Response pairs: 800   p-value: 0.141

Background questions

Answer Corrrelation coefficient
gender:female0.08
female male
virtue ethics
25.6%(40/156)
74.3%(116/156)
not virtue ethics
15.8%(79/498)
84.1%(419/498)
Response pairs: 758   p-value: 0.027
not affil:region:Australasia0.074
Australasia not Australasia
virtue ethics
4.1%(7/169)
95.8%(162/169)
not virtue ethics
6.9%(36/519)
93%(483/519)
Response pairs: 800   p-value: 0.036
phd_region:Europe0.065
Europe not Europe
virtue ethics
8.8%(15/169)
91.1%(154/169)
not virtue ethics
4.2%(22/519)
95.7%(497/519)
Response pairs: 800   p-value: 0.066
affil:region:Europe0.062
Europe not Europe
virtue ethics
10%(17/169)
89.9%(152/169)
not virtue ethics
5.9%(31/519)
94%(488/519)
Response pairs: 800   p-value: 0.079
nationality_region:Other0.056
Other not Other
virtue ethics
10%(17/169)
89.9%(152/169)
not virtue ethics
6.9%(36/519)
93%(483/519)
Response pairs: 800   p-value: 0.113
nationality_region:Europe0.056
Europe not Europe
virtue ethics
15.3%(26/169)
84.6%(143/169)
not virtue ethics
11.3%(59/519)
88.6%(460/519)
Response pairs: 800   p-value: 0.113
not nationality_region:United States0.055
United States not United States
virtue ethics
43.7%(74/169)
56.2%(95/169)
not virtue ethics
52.6%(273/519)
47.3%(246/519)
Response pairs: 800   p-value: 0.12