The PhilPapers SurveysHighest linear correlations (Back to contents)

Correlations with: Personal identity:psychological view

N = 931 (target faculty). Cut-off = +/-0.05

n < 10 omitted. Some redundant or trivial correlations are not shown.

Jump to: Main Survey questions | Philosophical orientation | Background questions

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Main Survey questions

Answer Corrrelation coefficient
Teletransporter:survival0.375
survival death
psychological view
66.8%(192/287)
22.2%(64/287)
not psychological view
25%(76/304)
58.2%(177/304)
Response pairs: 744   p-value: < 0.001
Metaphilosophy:naturalism0.2
naturalism non-naturalism
psychological view
65.9%(194/294)
23.1%(68/294)
not psychological view
45.3%(142/313)
39.6%(124/313)
Response pairs: 760   p-value: < 0.001
not Free will:libertarianism0.188
libertarianism not libertarianism
psychological view
10.7%(33/306)
84.9%(260/306)
not psychological view
23.1%(75/324)
68.5%(222/324)
Response pairs: 792   p-value: < 0.001
Mind:physicalism0.18
physicalism non-physicalism
psychological view
64.6%(201/311)
27.6%(86/311)
not psychological view
48%(157/327)
38.8%(127/327)
Response pairs: 805   p-value: < 0.001
Time:B-theory0.167
B-theory A-theory
psychological view
57%(105/184)
25%(46/184)
not psychological view
42.3%(102/241)
37.3%(90/241)
Response pairs: 530   p-value: < 0.001
God:atheism0.165
atheism theism
psychological view
79.6%(247/310)
11.9%(37/310)
not psychological view
66.2%(214/323)
26.3%(85/323)
Response pairs: 801   p-value: < 0.001
Free will:compatibilism0.162
compatibilism not compatibilism
psychological view
68.6%(210/306)
27.1%(83/306)
not psychological view
52.1%(169/324)
39.5%(128/324)
Response pairs: 792   p-value: < 0.001
Abstract objects:nominalism0.138
nominalism Platonism
psychological view
43.8%(131/299)
45.8%(137/299)
not psychological view
35.2%(114/323)
57.2%(185/323)
Response pairs: 783   p-value: < 0.001
Meta-ethics:moral anti-realism0.135
moral anti-realism moral realism
psychological view
33.4%(102/305)
59%(180/305)
not psychological view
22.8%(73/320)
70.9%(227/320)
Response pairs: 785   p-value: < 0.001
Laws of nature:Humean0.13
Humean non-Humean
psychological view
30.5%(88/288)
61.1%(176/288)
not psychological view
22%(70/318)
69.4%(221/318)
Response pairs: 763   p-value: < 0.001
Knowledge:empiricism0.127
empiricism rationalism
psychological view
47.2%(148/313)
32.2%(101/313)
not psychological view
36.2%(119/328)
42%(138/328)
Response pairs: 805   p-value: < 0.001
Normative ethics:consequentialism0.121
consequentialism not consequentialism
psychological view
33.8%(94/278)
53.2%(148/278)
not psychological view
23.2%(65/280)
67.1%(188/280)
Response pairs: 705   p-value: 0.001
not Politics:communitarianism0.104
communitarianism not communitarianism
psychological view
13%(35/268)
72.3%(194/268)
not psychological view
22.7%(62/272)
62.1%(169/272)
Response pairs: 664   p-value: 0.007
Aesthetic value:subjective0.102
subjective objective
psychological view
42.1%(129/306)
46.4%(142/306)
not psychological view
34.7%(110/317)
51.1%(162/317)
Response pairs: 782   p-value: 0.004
Truth:epistemic0.098
epistemic not epistemic
psychological view
10.6%(31/292)
86.3%(252/292)
not psychological view
5.8%(18/307)
89.5%(275/307)
Response pairs: 759   p-value: 0.006
Politics:egalitarianism0.093
egalitarianism not egalitarianism
psychological view
49.2%(132/268)
36.1%(97/268)
not psychological view
39.3%(107/272)
45.5%(124/272)
Response pairs: 664   p-value: 0.016
Proper names:Fregean0.09
Fregean Millian
psychological view
38.3%(100/261)
47.5%(124/261)
not psychological view
35.9%(104/289)
53.9%(156/289)
Response pairs: 697   p-value: 0.017
Perceptual experience:qualia theory0.088
qualia theory not qualia theory
psychological view
21.3%(53/248)
67.3%(167/248)
not psychological view
13%(36/276)
73.5%(203/276)
Response pairs: 653   p-value: 0.024
Trolley problem:switch0.084
switch don't switch
psychological view
79.7%(237/297)
11.4%(34/297)
not psychological view
71.8%(225/313)
12.1%(38/313)
Response pairs: 761   p-value: 0.02
Mental content:internalism0.08
internalism externalism
psychological view
30.6%(90/294)
57.8%(170/294)
not psychological view
22%(68/308)
65.2%(201/308)
Response pairs: 758   p-value: 0.027
External world:skepticism0.08
skepticism not skepticism
psychological view
6.7%(21/311)
91.6%(285/311)
not psychological view
3.9%(13/328)
92.6%(304/328)
Response pairs: 803   p-value: 0.023
Perceptual experience:representationalism0.068
representationalism not representationalism
psychological view
44.7%(111/248)
43.9%(109/248)
not psychological view
39.4%(109/276)
47.1%(130/276)
Response pairs: 653   p-value: 0.082
Analytic-synthetic distinction:yes0.066
yes no
psychological view
70%(217/310)
27%(84/310)
not psychological view
62.7%(207/330)
32.1%(106/330)
Response pairs: 806   p-value: 0.061
not Perceptual experience:disjunctivism0.066
disjunctivism not disjunctivism
psychological view
11.6%(29/248)
77%(191/248)
not psychological view
18.8%(52/276)
67.7%(187/276)
Response pairs: 653   p-value: 0.091
Knowledge claims:contextualism0.061
contextualism not contextualism
psychological view
51.6%(143/277)
40.7%(113/277)
not psychological view
42.9%(125/291)
48.4%(141/291)
Response pairs: 711   p-value: 0.104
Moral motivation:internalism0.06
internalism externalism
psychological view
46.3%(126/272)
38.9%(106/272)
not psychological view
41.4%(116/280)
42.5%(119/280)
Response pairs: 686   p-value: 0.116
Moral judgment:non-cognitivism0.058
non-cognitivism cognitivism
psychological view
21.4%(64/298)
72.8%(217/298)
not psychological view
16.1%(51/316)
77.8%(246/316)
Response pairs: 771   p-value: 0.107
Science:scientific realism0.057
scientific realism scientific anti-realism
psychological view
81.1%(249/307)
14.6%(45/307)
not psychological view
76.9%(250/325)
17.2%(56/325)
Response pairs: 794   p-value: 0.108

Philosophical orientation

Answer Corrrelation coefficient
AOS:Social and Political Philosophy0.118
Social and Political Philosophy not Social and Political Philosophy
psychological view
15.3%(48/313)
84.6%(265/313)
not psychological view
6.6%(22/331)
93.3%(309/331)
Response pairs: 813   p-value: < 0.001
not AOS:Philosophy of Religion0.106
Philosophy of Religion not Philosophy of Religion
psychological view
3.5%(11/313)
96.4%(302/313)
not psychological view
8.1%(27/331)
91.8%(304/331)
Response pairs: 813   p-value: 0.002
AOS:Normative Ethics0.092
Normative Ethics not Normative Ethics
psychological view
20.1%(63/313)
79.8%(250/313)
not psychological view
12.3%(41/331)
87.6%(290/331)
Response pairs: 813   p-value: 0.008
tradition:analytic0.079
analytic continental
psychological view
92%(288/313)
2.5%(8/313)
not psychological view
86.7%(287/331)
3.6%(12/331)
Response pairs: 813   p-value: 0.024
xian:Mill0.077
Mill not Mill
psychological view
6.3%(20/313)
93.6%(293/313)
not psychological view
3%(10/331)
96.9%(321/331)
Response pairs: 813   p-value: 0.028
xian:Rawls0.076
Rawls not Rawls
psychological view
7%(22/313)
92.9%(291/313)
not psychological view
3.3%(11/331)
96.6%(320/331)
Response pairs: 813   p-value: 0.03
AOS:Applied Ethics0.074
Applied Ethics not Applied Ethics
psychological view
6.7%(21/313)
93.2%(292/313)
not psychological view
3.3%(11/331)
96.6%(320/331)
Response pairs: 813   p-value: 0.034
AOS:Philosophy of Cognitive Science0.073
Philosophy of Cognitive Science not Philosophy of Cognitive Science
psychological view
7.3%(23/313)
92.6%(290/313)
not psychological view
4.5%(15/331)
95.4%(316/331)
Response pairs: 813   p-value: 0.037
not AOS:Philosophy of Biology0.072
Philosophy of Biology not Philosophy of Biology
psychological view
2.5%(8/313)
97.4%(305/313)
not psychological view
5.4%(18/331)
94.5%(313/331)
Response pairs: 813   p-value: 0.04
not xian:Moore0.068
Moore not Moore
psychological view
1.9%(6/313)
98%(307/313)
not psychological view
4.5%(15/331)
95.4%(316/331)
Response pairs: 813   p-value: 0.052
not AOS:19th Century Philosophy0.068
19th Century Philosophy not 19th Century Philosophy
psychological view
2.5%(8/313)
97.4%(305/313)
not psychological view
4.2%(14/331)
95.7%(317/331)
Response pairs: 813   p-value: 0.052
not AOS:Metaphysics0.065
Metaphysics not Metaphysics
psychological view
24.6%(77/313)
75.3%(236/313)
not psychological view
30.5%(101/331)
69.4%(230/331)
Response pairs: 813   p-value: 0.063
xian:Spinoza0.064
Spinoza not Spinoza
psychological view
3.8%(12/313)
96.1%(301/313)
not psychological view
1.5%(5/331)
98.4%(326/331)
Response pairs: 813   p-value: 0.068
not AOS:20th Century Philosophy0.064
20th Century Philosophy not 20th Century Philosophy
psychological view
2.8%(9/313)
97.1%(304/313)
not psychological view
5.1%(17/331)
94.8%(314/331)
Response pairs: 813   p-value: 0.068
not AOS:Continental Philosophy0.058
Continental Philosophy not Continental Philosophy
psychological view
1.9%(6/313)
98%(307/313)
not psychological view
3.3%(11/331)
96.6%(320/331)
Response pairs: 813   p-value: 0.098
not xian:Aristotle0.058
Aristotle not Aristotle
psychological view
12.1%(38/313)
87.8%(275/313)
not psychological view
15.1%(50/331)
84.8%(281/331)
Response pairs: 813   p-value: 0.098
xian:Frege0.057
Frege not Frege
psychological view
8.9%(28/313)
91%(285/313)
not psychological view
6.3%(21/331)
93.6%(310/331)
Response pairs: 813   p-value: 0.104
xian:Hume0.056
Hume not Hume
psychological view
16.6%(52/313)
83.3%(261/313)
not psychological view
14.8%(49/331)
85.1%(282/331)
Response pairs: 813   p-value: 0.11
xian:Marx0.056
Marx not Marx
psychological view
2.2%(7/313)
97.7%(306/313)
not psychological view
0.9%(3/331)
99%(328/331)
Response pairs: 813   p-value: 0.11
not AOS:Medieval and Renaissance Philosophy0.056
Medieval and Renaissance Philosophy not Medieval and Renaissance Philosophy
psychological view
0.9%(3/313)
99%(310/313)
not psychological view
3%(10/331)
96.9%(321/331)
Response pairs: 813   p-value: 0.11
not xian:Descartes0.053
Descartes not Descartes
psychological view
1.2%(4/313)
98.7%(309/313)
not psychological view
3%(10/331)
96.9%(321/331)
Response pairs: 813   p-value: 0.131
not AOS:Philosophy of Physical Science0.052
Philosophy of Physical Science not Philosophy of Physical Science
psychological view
4.1%(13/313)
95.8%(300/313)
not psychological view
6.9%(23/331)
93%(308/331)
Response pairs: 813   p-value: 0.138
not AOS:Philosophy of Gender, Race, and Sexuality0.051
Philosophy of Gender, Race, and Sexuality not Philosophy of Gender, Race, and Sexuality
psychological view
0.9%(3/313)
99%(310/313)
not psychological view
2.1%(7/331)
97.8%(324/331)
Response pairs: 813   p-value: 0.146
not xian:Leibniz0.051
Leibniz not Leibniz
psychological view
1.2%(4/313)
98.7%(309/313)
not psychological view
2.7%(9/331)
97.2%(322/331)
Response pairs: 813   p-value: 0.146

Background questions

Answer Corrrelation coefficient
nationality_region:Other0.084
Other not Other
psychological view
8.9%(28/313)
91%(285/313)
not psychological view
4.8%(16/331)
95.1%(315/331)
Response pairs: 813   p-value: 0.016
affil:region:Australasia0.08
Australasia not Australasia
psychological view
7.6%(24/313)
92.3%(289/313)
not psychological view
3.3%(11/331)
96.6%(320/331)
Response pairs: 813   p-value: 0.022
phd_region:Australasia0.079
Australasia not Australasia
psychological view
5.4%(17/313)
94.5%(296/313)
not psychological view
1.5%(5/331)
98.4%(326/331)
Response pairs: 813   p-value: 0.024
year_of_birth0.078
year_of_birth ≥ median year_of_birth < median
psychological view
50%(146/292)
50%(146/292)
not psychological view
47.3%(150/317)
52.6%(167/317)
Response pairs: 770   p-value: 0.03
gender:female0.069
female male
psychological view
20.2%(59/292)
79.7%(233/292)
not psychological view
14.8%(47/317)
85.1%(270/317)
Response pairs: 771   p-value: 0.055
not nationality_region:United States0.066
United States not United States
psychological view
46.6%(146/313)
53.3%(167/313)
not psychological view
53.1%(176/331)
46.8%(155/331)
Response pairs: 813   p-value: 0.059
nationality_region:Australasia0.06
Australasia not Australasia
psychological view
7.3%(23/313)
92.6%(290/313)
not psychological view
4.2%(14/331)
95.7%(317/331)
Response pairs: 813   p-value: 0.087
response_time0.06
response_time ≥ median response_time < median
psychological view
51.1%(154/301)
48.8%(147/301)
not psychological view
47.6%(154/323)
52.3%(169/323)
Response pairs: 789   p-value: 0.092
not phd_region:United States0.055
United States not United States
psychological view
49.2%(154/313)
50.7%(159/313)
not psychological view
53.1%(176/331)
46.8%(155/331)
Response pairs: 813   p-value: 0.117
affil:region:Europe0.054
Europe not Europe
psychological view
7.9%(25/313)
92%(288/313)
not psychological view
4.5%(15/331)
95.4%(316/331)
Response pairs: 813   p-value: 0.123
not affil:region:United States0.054
United States not United States
psychological view
58.4%(183/313)
41.5%(130/313)
not psychological view
62.8%(208/331)
37.1%(123/331)
Response pairs: 813   p-value: 0.123