The PhilPapers SurveysHighest linear correlations (Back to contents)

Correlations with: Proper names:Millian

N = 931 (target faculty). Cut-off = +/-0.05

n < 10 omitted. Some redundant or trivial correlations are not shown.

Jump to: Main Survey questions | Philosophical orientation | Background questions

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Main Survey questions

Answer Corrrelation coefficient
Mental content:externalism0.202
externalism internalism
Millian
71.5%(231/323)
17%(55/323)
Fregean
57.2%(177/309)
32%(99/309)
Response pairs: 747   p-value: < 0.001
Truth:correspondence0.169
correspondence not correspondence
Millian
64.9%(204/314)
30.8%(97/314)
Fregean
50%(155/310)
44.5%(138/310)
Response pairs: 743   p-value: < 0.001
Science:scientific realism0.153
scientific realism scientific anti-realism
Millian
84.6%(276/326)
9.5%(31/326)
Fregean
74%(234/316)
19.6%(62/316)
Response pairs: 771   p-value: < 0.001
Zombies:conceivable but not metaphysically possible0.13
conceivable but not metaphysically possible not conceivable but not metaphysically possible
Millian
48.3%(150/310)
41.9%(130/310)
Fregean
35.2%(105/298)
51%(152/298)
Response pairs: 722   p-value: < 0.001
Mind:physicalism0.126
physicalism non-physicalism
Millian
62.9%(207/329)
28.5%(94/329)
Fregean
52.6%(168/319)
37.3%(119/319)
Response pairs: 776   p-value: < 0.001
External world:non-skeptical realism0.125
non-skeptical realism not non-skeptical realism
Millian
86.4%(280/324)
10.8%(35/324)
Fregean
80.8%(257/318)
14.7%(47/318)
Response pairs: 771   p-value: < 0.001
Moral motivation:externalism0.122
internalism externalism
Millian
40.9%(111/271)
45%(122/271)
Fregean
50.1%(139/277)
34.2%(95/277)
Response pairs: 658   p-value: 0.001
Epistemic justification:externalism0.118
externalism internalism
Millian
59.6%(189/317)
23.9%(76/317)
Fregean
50.6%(156/308)
34.7%(107/308)
Response pairs: 747   p-value: 0.001
Time:B-theory0.113
B-theory A-theory
Millian
54.8%(124/226)
27.4%(62/226)
Fregean
45.5%(102/224)
32.1%(72/224)
Response pairs: 533   p-value: 0.009
Perceptual experience:qualia theory0.106
qualia theory not qualia theory
Millian
18.2%(50/274)
66.7%(183/274)
Fregean
12.5%(35/280)
75%(210/280)
Response pairs: 646   p-value: 0.007
not Zombies:inconceivable0.095
inconceivable not inconceivable
Millian
16.4%(51/310)
73.8%(229/310)
Fregean
21.8%(65/298)
64.4%(192/298)
Response pairs: 722   p-value: 0.01
Knowledge:empiricism0.083
empiricism rationalism
Millian
43.2%(142/328)
34.7%(114/328)
Fregean
38.2%(122/319)
41.6%(133/319)
Response pairs: 777   p-value: 0.02
not Truth:epistemic0.076
epistemic not epistemic
Millian
4.7%(15/314)
91%(286/314)
Fregean
9.3%(29/310)
85.1%(264/310)
Response pairs: 743   p-value: 0.038
Metaphilosophy:naturalism0.067
naturalism non-naturalism
Millian
59.2%(186/314)
28.3%(89/314)
Fregean
50.8%(153/301)
32.8%(99/301)
Response pairs: 735   p-value: 0.069
Politics:communitarianism0.067
communitarianism not communitarianism
Millian
19.5%(53/271)
61.9%(168/271)
Fregean
17.7%(45/254)
68.5%(174/254)
Response pairs: 625   p-value: 0.094
not Truth:deflationary0.067
deflationary not deflationary
Millian
22.9%(72/314)
72.9%(229/314)
Fregean
28.3%(88/310)
66.1%(205/310)
Response pairs: 743   p-value: 0.067
God:atheism0.065
atheism theism
Millian
76.8%(252/328)
15.8%(52/328)
Fregean
72.9%(229/314)
16.5%(52/314)
Response pairs: 772   p-value: 0.071
not External world:idealism0.058
idealism not idealism
Millian
3.7%(12/324)
93.5%(303/324)
Fregean
4%(13/318)
91.5%(291/318)
Response pairs: 771   p-value: 0.107
Newcomb's problem:one box0.057
one box two boxes
Millian
33.5%(88/262)
46.5%(122/262)
Fregean
27.4%(62/226)
50.4%(114/226)
Response pairs: 586   p-value: 0.168
Aesthetic value:objective0.057
objective subjective
Millian
50.6%(160/316)
36%(114/316)
Fregean
44%(137/311)
43.4%(135/311)
Response pairs: 754   p-value: 0.117
Perceptual experience:sense-datum theory0.054
sense-datum theory not sense-datum theory
Millian
4%(11/274)
81%(222/274)
Fregean
4.2%(12/280)
83.2%(233/280)
Response pairs: 646   p-value: 0.17
not Zombies:metaphysically possible0.054
metaphysically possible not metaphysically possible
Millian
24.5%(76/310)
65.8%(204/310)
Fregean
27.5%(82/298)
58.7%(175/298)
Response pairs: 722   p-value: 0.147
Free will:compatibilism0.05
compatibilism not compatibilism
Millian
61.7%(200/324)
31.4%(102/324)
Fregean
59.6%(185/310)
32.9%(102/310)
Response pairs: 756   p-value: 0.169

Philosophical orientation

Answer Corrrelation coefficient
not AOS:20th Century Philosophy0.132
20th Century Philosophy not 20th Century Philosophy
Millian
2.4%(8/331)
97.5%(323/331)
Fregean
7.7%(25/321)
92.2%(296/321)
Response pairs: 783   p-value: < 0.001
not xian:Frege0.123
Frege not Frege
Millian
5.7%(19/331)
94.2%(312/331)
Fregean
13.3%(43/321)
86.6%(278/321)
Response pairs: 783   p-value: < 0.001
AOS:Metaphysics0.085
Metaphysics not Metaphysics
Millian
34.1%(113/331)
65.8%(218/331)
Fregean
24.9%(80/321)
75%(241/321)
Response pairs: 783   p-value: 0.017
xian:Moore0.082
Moore not Moore
Millian
4.8%(16/331)
95.1%(315/331)
Fregean
1.8%(6/321)
98.1%(315/321)
Response pairs: 783   p-value: 0.021
not xian:Hegel0.082
Hegel not Hegel
Millian
~0.3%(~1/331)
~99.6%(~330/331)
Fregean
2.4%(8/321)
97.5%(313/321)
Response pairs: 783   p-value: 0.021
not xian:Leibniz0.079
Leibniz not Leibniz
Millian
1.2%(4/331)
98.7%(327/331)
Fregean
3.7%(12/321)
96.2%(309/321)
Response pairs: 783   p-value: 0.027
not AOS:19th Century Philosophy0.078
19th Century Philosophy not 19th Century Philosophy
Millian
1.8%(6/331)
98.1%(325/331)
Fregean
5.2%(17/321)
94.7%(304/321)
Response pairs: 783   p-value: 0.029
xian:Hume0.077
Hume not Hume
Millian
17.2%(57/331)
82.7%(274/331)
Fregean
12.7%(41/321)
87.2%(280/321)
Response pairs: 783   p-value: 0.031
not xian:Wittgenstein0.077
Wittgenstein not Wittgenstein
Millian
6%(20/331)
93.9%(311/331)
Fregean
9.9%(32/321)
90%(289/321)
Response pairs: 783   p-value: 0.031
not xian:Marx0.073
Marx not Marx
Millian
~0.3%(~1/331)
~99.6%(~330/331)
Fregean
1.8%(6/321)
98.1%(315/321)
Response pairs: 783   p-value: 0.041
not xian:Davidson0.072
Davidson not Davidson
Millian
4.8%(16/331)
95.1%(315/331)
Fregean
8%(26/321)
91.9%(295/321)
Response pairs: 783   p-value: 0.043
xian:Mill0.07
Mill not Mill
Millian
5.7%(19/331)
94.2%(312/331)
Fregean
2.4%(8/321)
97.5%(313/321)
Response pairs: 783   p-value: 0.05
tradition:analytic0.069
analytic continental
Millian
92.4%(306/331)
1.2%(4/331)
Fregean
88.7%(285/321)
3.7%(12/321)
Response pairs: 783   p-value: 0.053
not AOS:Continental Philosophy0.061
Continental Philosophy not Continental Philosophy
Millian
1.2%(4/331)
98.7%(327/331)
Fregean
3.1%(10/321)
96.8%(311/321)
Response pairs: 783   p-value: 0.088
not xian:Kant0.056
Kant not Kant
Millian
8.1%(27/331)
91.8%(304/331)
Fregean
13%(42/321)
86.9%(279/321)
Response pairs: 783   p-value: 0.117
AOS:Normative Ethics0.052
Normative Ethics not Normative Ethics
Millian
12%(40/331)
87.9%(291/331)
Fregean
9%(29/321)
90.9%(292/321)
Response pairs: 783   p-value: 0.146

Background questions

Answer Corrrelation coefficient
phd_region:United States0.13
United States not United States
Millian
58.9%(195/331)
41%(136/331)
Fregean
45.1%(145/321)
54.8%(176/321)
Response pairs: 783   p-value: < 0.001
affil:region:United States0.105
United States not United States
Millian
64%(212/331)
35.9%(119/331)
Fregean
51.7%(166/321)
48.2%(155/321)
Response pairs: 783   p-value: 0.003
not phd_region:Europe0.102
Europe not Europe
Millian
2.7%(9/331)
97.2%(322/331)
Fregean
7.7%(25/321)
92.2%(296/321)
Response pairs: 783   p-value: 0.004
nationality_region:United States0.081
United States not United States
Millian
51.6%(171/331)
48.3%(160/331)
Fregean
41.7%(134/321)
58.2%(187/321)
Response pairs: 783   p-value: 0.023
not nationality_region:Europe0.081
Europe not Europe
Millian
9.6%(32/331)
90.3%(299/331)
Fregean
17.1%(55/321)
82.8%(266/321)
Response pairs: 783   p-value: 0.023
not affil:region:Europe0.072
Europe not Europe
Millian
5.4%(18/331)
94.5%(313/331)
Fregean
9.9%(32/321)
90%(289/321)
Response pairs: 783   p-value: 0.043
gender:male0.07
male female
Millian
88%(279/317)
11.9%(38/317)
Fregean
82%(247/301)
17.9%(54/301)
Response pairs: 744   p-value: 0.056
not phd_region:Australasia0.062
Australasia not Australasia
Millian
2.7%(9/331)
97.2%(322/331)
Fregean
4.6%(15/321)
95.3%(306/321)
Response pairs: 783   p-value: 0.082
not nationality_region:Australasia0.06
Australasia not Australasia
Millian
4.8%(16/331)
95.1%(315/331)
Fregean
7.1%(23/321)
92.8%(298/321)
Response pairs: 783   p-value: 0.093
not affil:region:Australasia0.06
Australasia not Australasia
Millian
4.8%(16/331)
95.1%(315/331)
Fregean
6.8%(22/321)
93.1%(299/321)
Response pairs: 783   p-value: 0.093