The PhilPapers SurveysHighest linear correlations (Back to contents)

Correlations with: Time:A-theory

N = 931 (target faculty). Cut-off = +/-0.05

n < 10 omitted. Some redundant or trivial correlations are not shown.

Jump to: Main Survey questions | Philosophical orientation | Background questions

flip contingency tables

Main Survey questions

Answer Corrrelation coefficient
Free will:libertarianism0.245
libertarianism not libertarianism
A-theory
28.2%(48/170)
65.8%(112/170)
B-theory
6.4%(17/263)
84.4%(222/263)
Response pairs: 571   p-value: < 0.001
Mind:non-physicalism0.23
non-physicalism physicalism
A-theory
37.7%(65/172)
50.5%(87/172)
B-theory
20.1%(54/268)
73.1%(196/268)
Response pairs: 579   p-value: < 0.001
Metaphilosophy:non-naturalism0.228
non-naturalism naturalism
A-theory
42.7%(68/159)
39.6%(63/159)
B-theory
26.2%(67/255)
64.3%(164/255)
Response pairs: 546   p-value: < 0.001
Zombies:metaphysically possible0.213
metaphysically possible not metaphysically possible
A-theory
40.9%(68/166)
49.3%(82/166)
B-theory
21.5%(56/260)
68.8%(179/260)
Response pairs: 555   p-value: < 0.001
not Normative ethics:consequentialism0.177
consequentialism not consequentialism
A-theory
19.8%(30/151)
71.5%(108/151)
B-theory
37.6%(90/239)
50.2%(120/239)
Response pairs: 510   p-value: < 0.001
not Free will:compatibilism0.175
compatibilism not compatibilism
A-theory
51.1%(87/170)
42.9%(73/170)
B-theory
66.9%(176/263)
23.9%(63/263)
Response pairs: 571   p-value: < 0.001
Aesthetic value:objective0.164
subjective objective
A-theory
29.9%(50/167)
58.6%(98/167)
B-theory
43.6%(114/261)
42.1%(110/261)
Response pairs: 563   p-value: < 0.001
Perceptual experience:qualia theory0.152
qualia theory not qualia theory
A-theory
23%(33/143)
65.7%(94/143)
B-theory
10.7%(25/232)
75.4%(175/232)
Response pairs: 484   p-value: < 0.001
not Perceptual experience:representationalism0.152
representationalism not representationalism
A-theory
34.2%(49/143)
54.5%(78/143)
B-theory
48.2%(112/232)
37.9%(88/232)
Response pairs: 484   p-value: < 0.001
Meta-ethics:moral realism0.147
moral realism moral anti-realism
A-theory
71%(118/166)
25.3%(42/166)
B-theory
53%(139/262)
37%(97/262)
Response pairs: 562   p-value: < 0.001
Teletransporter:death0.145
death survival
A-theory
43.9%(72/164)
40.8%(67/164)
B-theory
31.6%(81/256)
50.7%(130/256)
Response pairs: 551   p-value: < 0.001
Knowledge:rationalism0.144
rationalism empiricism
A-theory
46.8%(81/173)
31.7%(55/173)
B-theory
33.7%(90/267)
47.5%(127/267)
Response pairs: 578   p-value: < 0.001
Trolley problem:don't switch0.143
don't switch switch
A-theory
12.2%(20/163)
73%(119/163)
B-theory
4.7%(12/251)
82.4%(207/251)
Response pairs: 548   p-value: < 0.001
Moral judgment:cognitivism0.138
cognitivism non-cognitivism
A-theory
78.9%(131/166)
15%(25/166)
B-theory
67.4%(174/258)
24%(62/258)
Response pairs: 552   p-value: 0.001
Newcomb's problem:one box0.132
one box two boxes
A-theory
41.6%(55/132)
43.1%(57/132)
B-theory
27.9%(66/236)
50%(118/236)
Response pairs: 479   p-value: 0.003
Knowledge claims:invariantism0.129
invariantism not invariantism
A-theory
48.7%(79/162)
43.8%(71/162)
B-theory
35.8%(85/237)
54.8%(130/237)
Response pairs: 523   p-value: 0.003
Laws of nature:non-Humean0.129
non-Humean Humean
A-theory
71.7%(122/170)
20%(34/170)
B-theory
57%(149/261)
34.8%(91/261)
Response pairs: 563   p-value: 0.002
Normative ethics:virtue ethics0.127
virtue ethics not virtue ethics
A-theory
29.8%(45/151)
61.5%(93/151)
B-theory
15.8%(38/239)
71.9%(172/239)
Response pairs: 510   p-value: 0.004
not Politics:egalitarianism0.127
egalitarianism not egalitarianism
A-theory
30.9%(43/139)
53.9%(75/139)
B-theory
45.7%(97/212)
37.7%(80/212)
Response pairs: 470   p-value: 0.005
God:theism0.126
theism atheism
A-theory
26.7%(46/172)
66.2%(114/172)
B-theory
12.4%(33/266)
78.5%(209/266)
Response pairs: 578   p-value: 0.002
Abstract objects:Platonism0.12
nominalism Platonism
A-theory
32.3%(55/170)
60.5%(103/170)
B-theory
43.1%(114/264)
48.1%(127/264)
Response pairs: 574   p-value: 0.003
not Zombies:inconceivable0.114
inconceivable not inconceivable
A-theory
13.2%(22/166)
77.1%(128/166)
B-theory
22.6%(59/260)
67.6%(176/260)
Response pairs: 555   p-value: 0.007
Normative ethics:deontology0.112
deontology not deontology
A-theory
34.4%(52/151)
56.9%(86/151)
B-theory
25.1%(60/239)
62.7%(150/239)
Response pairs: 510   p-value: 0.011
Epistemic justification:internalism0.111
internalism externalism
A-theory
38.9%(65/167)
43.7%(73/167)
B-theory
28.8%(76/263)
56.2%(148/263)
Response pairs: 562   p-value: 0.008
External world:idealism0.108
idealism not idealism
A-theory
6.4%(11/170)
88.8%(151/170)
B-theory
2.9%(8/267)
94.7%(253/267)
Response pairs: 577   p-value: 0.009
Personal identity:further-fact view0.106
further-fact view not further-fact view
A-theory
25.1%(40/159)
64.1%(102/159)
B-theory
13.4%(33/246)
68.2%(168/246)
Response pairs: 530   p-value: 0.014
not Personal identity:psychological view0.104
psychological view not psychological view
A-theory
33.3%(53/159)
55.9%(89/159)
B-theory
39.8%(98/246)
41.8%(103/246)
Response pairs: 530   p-value: 0.016
A priori knowledge:yes0.102
yes no
A-theory
81.3%(140/172)
14.5%(25/172)
B-theory
72.5%(193/266)
21%(56/266)
Response pairs: 576   p-value: 0.014
not Truth:deflationary0.097
deflationary not deflationary
A-theory
22.2%(37/166)
74%(123/166)
B-theory
29.8%(76/255)
67.4%(172/255)
Response pairs: 550   p-value: 0.022
Perceptual experience:sense-datum theory0.095
sense-datum theory not sense-datum theory
A-theory
6.9%(10/143)
81.8%(117/143)
B-theory
4.3%(10/232)
81.8%(190/232)
Response pairs: 484   p-value: 0.036
not Zombies:conceivable but not metaphysically possible0.095
conceivable but not metaphysically possible not conceivable but not metaphysically possible
A-theory
34.9%(58/166)
55.4%(92/166)
B-theory
45.3%(118/260)
45%(117/260)
Response pairs: 555   p-value: 0.025
Politics:libertarianism0.093
libertarianism not libertarianism
A-theory
21.5%(30/139)
63.3%(88/139)
B-theory
11.7%(25/212)
71.6%(152/212)
Response pairs: 470   p-value: 0.043
Truth:correspondence0.091
correspondence not correspondence
A-theory
62.6%(104/166)
33.7%(56/166)
B-theory
55.2%(141/255)
41.9%(107/255)
Response pairs: 550   p-value: 0.032
not Knowledge claims:contextualism0.085
contextualism not contextualism
A-theory
38.8%(63/162)
53.7%(87/162)
B-theory
48.5%(115/237)
42.1%(100/237)
Response pairs: 523   p-value: 0.052
Analytic-synthetic distinction:yes0.077
yes no
A-theory
72.8%(126/173)
21.3%(37/173)
B-theory
66.1%(178/269)
29.3%(79/269)
Response pairs: 580   p-value: 0.063

Philosophical orientation

Answer Corrrelation coefficient
not xian:Lewis0.202
Lewis not Lewis
A-theory
4%(7/173)
95.9%(166/173)
B-theory
17.1%(46/269)
82.8%(223/269)
Response pairs: 583   p-value: < 0.001
not AOS:Philosophy of Physical Science0.145
Philosophy of Physical Science not Philosophy of Physical Science
A-theory
4.6%(8/173)
95.3%(165/173)
B-theory
12.6%(34/269)
87.3%(235/269)
Response pairs: 583   p-value: < 0.001
xian:Aristotle0.142
Aristotle not Aristotle
A-theory
22.5%(39/173)
77.4%(134/173)
B-theory
10.7%(29/269)
89.2%(240/269)
Response pairs: 583   p-value: < 0.001
metasurvey:accuracy-0.125
accuracy ≥ median accuracy < median
A-theory
46.5%(20/43)
53.4%(23/43)
B-theory
61.7%(42/68)
38.2%(26/68)
Response pairs: 145   p-value: 0.134
not AOS:General Philosophy of Science0.123
General Philosophy of Science not General Philosophy of Science
A-theory
6.3%(11/173)
93.6%(162/173)
B-theory
14.1%(38/269)
85.8%(231/269)
Response pairs: 583   p-value: 0.002
AOS:Ancient Greek Philosophy0.122
Ancient Greek Philosophy not Ancient Greek Philosophy
A-theory
12.1%(21/173)
87.8%(152/173)
B-theory
5.2%(14/269)
94.7%(255/269)
Response pairs: 583   p-value: 0.003
AOS:Philosophy of Religion0.117
Philosophy of Religion not Philosophy of Religion
A-theory
10.9%(19/173)
89%(154/173)
B-theory
4%(11/269)
95.9%(258/269)
Response pairs: 583   p-value: 0.004
AOS:Social and Political Philosophy0.096
Social and Political Philosophy not Social and Political Philosophy
A-theory
7.5%(13/173)
92.4%(160/173)
B-theory
2.9%(8/269)
97%(261/269)
Response pairs: 583   p-value: 0.02
AOS:Epistemology0.091
Epistemology not Epistemology
A-theory
21.9%(38/173)
78%(135/173)
B-theory
14.4%(39/269)
85.5%(230/269)
Response pairs: 583   p-value: 0.028
xian:Heidegger0.084
Heidegger not Heidegger
A-theory
~0.5%(~1/173)
~99.4%(~172/173)
B-theory
~0.3%(~1/269)
~99.6%(~268/269)
Response pairs: 583   p-value: 0.042
not xian:Quine0.079
Quine not Quine
A-theory
3.4%(6/173)
96.5%(167/173)
B-theory
7.8%(21/269)
92.1%(248/269)
Response pairs: 583   p-value: 0.056
AOS:Aesthetics0.074
Aesthetics not Aesthetics
A-theory
5.7%(10/173)
94.2%(163/173)
B-theory
1.8%(5/269)
98.1%(264/269)
Response pairs: 583   p-value: 0.074
not AOS:Philosophy of Mathematics0.071
Philosophy of Mathematics not Philosophy of Mathematics
A-theory
2.8%(5/173)
97.1%(168/173)
B-theory
5.2%(14/269)
94.7%(255/269)
Response pairs: 583   p-value: 0.086
not xian:Spinoza0.071
Spinoza not Spinoza
A-theory
1.7%(3/173)
98.2%(170/173)
B-theory
3.7%(10/269)
96.2%(259/269)
Response pairs: 583   p-value: 0.086
xian:Wittgenstein0.064
Wittgenstein not Wittgenstein
A-theory
9.8%(17/173)
90.1%(156/173)
B-theory
5.9%(16/269)
94%(253/269)
Response pairs: 583   p-value: 0.122
AOS:Normative Ethics0.064
Normative Ethics not Normative Ethics
A-theory
9.8%(17/173)
90.1%(156/173)
B-theory
8.1%(22/269)
91.8%(247/269)
Response pairs: 583   p-value: 0.122
not AOS:Decision Theory0.063
Decision Theory not Decision Theory
A-theory
1.7%(3/173)
98.2%(170/173)
B-theory
4%(11/269)
95.9%(258/269)
Response pairs: 583   p-value: 0.128
not AOS:17th/18th Century Philosophy0.063
17th/18th Century Philosophy not 17th/18th Century Philosophy
A-theory
9.2%(16/173)
90.7%(157/173)
B-theory
13.3%(36/269)
86.6%(233/269)
Response pairs: 583   p-value: 0.128
not AOS:Philosophy of Biology0.06
Philosophy of Biology not Philosophy of Biology
A-theory
~0.5%(~1/173)
~99.4%(~172/173)
B-theory
2.9%(8/269)
97%(261/269)
Response pairs: 583   p-value: 0.147
AOS:Philosophy of Language0.058
Philosophy of Language not Philosophy of Language
A-theory
24.2%(42/173)
75.7%(131/173)
B-theory
19.3%(52/269)
80.6%(217/269)
Response pairs: 583   p-value: 0.161

Background questions

Answer Corrrelation coefficient
not affil:region:Australasia0.149
Australasia not Australasia
A-theory
2.3%(4/173)
97.6%(169/173)
B-theory
9.2%(25/269)
90.7%(244/269)
Response pairs: 583   p-value: < 0.001
year_of_birth-0.143
year_of_birth ≥ median year_of_birth < median
A-theory
47.5%(77/162)
52.4%(85/162)
B-theory
61%(155/254)
38.9%(99/254)
Response pairs: 548   p-value: < 0.001
not nationality_region:Australasia0.126
Australasia not Australasia
A-theory
3.4%(6/173)
96.5%(167/173)
B-theory
9.6%(26/269)
90.3%(243/269)
Response pairs: 583   p-value: 0.002
year_of_phd-0.124
year_of_phd ≥ median year_of_phd < median
A-theory
47.6%(62/130)
52.3%(68/130)
B-theory
60.1%(133/221)
39.8%(88/221)
Response pairs: 458   p-value: 0.007
not phd_region:Australasia0.09
Australasia not Australasia
A-theory
2.3%(4/173)
97.6%(169/173)
B-theory
5.2%(14/269)
94.7%(255/269)
Response pairs: 583   p-value: 0.029
nationality_region:United States0.075
United States not United States
A-theory
47.9%(83/173)
52%(90/173)
B-theory
44.2%(119/269)
55.7%(150/269)
Response pairs: 583   p-value: 0.07
not nationality_region:Europe0.074
Europe not Europe
A-theory
10.9%(19/173)
89%(154/173)
B-theory
17.4%(47/269)
82.5%(222/269)
Response pairs: 583   p-value: 0.074
phd_region:United Kingdom0.073
United Kingdom not United Kingdom
A-theory
21.3%(37/173)
78.6%(136/173)
B-theory
14.4%(39/269)
85.5%(230/269)
Response pairs: 583   p-value: 0.078
response_time0.07
response_time ≥ median response_time < median
A-theory
53.8%(91/169)
46.1%(78/169)
B-theory
50%(130/260)
50%(130/260)
Response pairs: 566   p-value: 0.096
affil:region:United States0.064
United States not United States
A-theory
56%(97/173)
43.9%(76/173)
B-theory
53.5%(144/269)
46.4%(125/269)
Response pairs: 583   p-value: 0.122
not phd_region:Europe0.062
Europe not Europe
A-theory
4.6%(8/173)
95.3%(165/173)
B-theory
8.1%(22/269)
91.8%(247/269)
Response pairs: 583   p-value: 0.134