The PhilPapers SurveysHighest linear correlations (Back to contents)

Correlations with: Time:B-theory

N = 931 (target faculty). Cut-off = +/-0.05

n < 10 omitted. Some redundant or trivial correlations are not shown.

Jump to: Main Survey questions | Philosophical orientation | Background questions

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Main Survey questions

Answer Corrrelation coefficient
not Free will:libertarianism0.271
libertarianism not libertarianism
B-theory
5.9%(16/268)
84.7%(227/268)
A-theory
29.6%(49/165)
64.8%(107/165)
Response pairs: 571   p-value: < 0.001
Metaphilosophy:naturalism0.243
naturalism non-naturalism
B-theory
62%(160/258)
27.5%(71/258)
A-theory
36.5%(57/156)
47.4%(74/156)
Response pairs: 546   p-value: < 0.001
Free will:compatibilism0.237
compatibilism not compatibilism
B-theory
68.2%(183/268)
22.3%(60/268)
A-theory
48.4%(80/165)
46%(76/165)
Response pairs: 571   p-value: < 0.001
Mind:physicalism0.229
physicalism non-physicalism
B-theory
69.7%(191/274)
22.2%(61/274)
A-theory
47.5%(79/166)
42.7%(71/166)
Response pairs: 579   p-value: < 0.001
God:atheism0.224
atheism theism
B-theory
78.9%(214/271)
11.4%(31/271)
A-theory
59.8%(100/167)
34.1%(57/167)
Response pairs: 578   p-value: < 0.001
Normative ethics:consequentialism0.22
consequentialism not consequentialism
B-theory
38%(92/242)
49.1%(119/242)
A-theory
18.9%(28/148)
73.6%(109/148)
Response pairs: 510   p-value: < 0.001
Trolley problem:switch0.195
don't switch switch
B-theory
4.3%(11/254)
84.6%(215/254)
A-theory
13.1%(21/160)
69.3%(111/160)
Response pairs: 548   p-value: < 0.001
Perceptual experience:representationalism0.186
representationalism not representationalism
B-theory
48.7%(113/232)
37.5%(87/232)
A-theory
33.5%(48/143)
55.2%(79/143)
Response pairs: 484   p-value: < 0.001
not Zombies:metaphysically possible0.185
metaphysically possible not metaphysically possible
B-theory
22.6%(60/265)
67.1%(178/265)
A-theory
39.7%(64/161)
51.5%(83/161)
Response pairs: 555   p-value: < 0.001
Personal identity:psychological view0.167
psychological view not psychological view
B-theory
42.1%(105/249)
40.9%(102/249)
A-theory
29.4%(46/156)
57.6%(90/156)
Response pairs: 530   p-value: < 0.001
Meta-ethics:moral anti-realism0.164
moral anti-realism moral realism
B-theory
35.4%(95/268)
55.5%(149/268)
A-theory
20%(32/160)
75%(120/160)
Response pairs: 562   p-value: < 0.001
Politics:egalitarianism0.161
egalitarianism not egalitarianism
B-theory
46.9%(101/215)
36.7%(79/215)
A-theory
28.6%(39/136)
55.8%(76/136)
Response pairs: 470   p-value: < 0.001
not Normative ethics:virtue ethics0.159
virtue ethics not virtue ethics
B-theory
14%(34/242)
73.1%(177/242)
A-theory
33.1%(49/148)
59.4%(88/148)
Response pairs: 510   p-value: < 0.001
not Personal identity:further-fact view0.157
further-fact view not further-fact view
B-theory
11.6%(29/249)
71.4%(178/249)
A-theory
28.2%(44/156)
58.9%(92/156)
Response pairs: 530   p-value: < 0.001
not External world:idealism0.145
idealism not idealism
B-theory
2.5%(7/271)
94.4%(256/271)
A-theory
7.2%(12/166)
89.1%(148/166)
Response pairs: 577   p-value: < 0.001
Newcomb's problem:two boxes0.141
one box two boxes
B-theory
28.7%(69/240)
51.6%(124/240)
A-theory
40.6%(52/128)
39.8%(51/128)
Response pairs: 479   p-value: 0.001
Mental content:externalism0.133
externalism internalism
B-theory
65.4%(174/266)
21.4%(57/266)
A-theory
52.4%(85/162)
38.2%(62/162)
Response pairs: 558   p-value: 0.001
Science:scientific realism0.133
scientific realism scientific anti-realism
B-theory
82.2%(222/270)
14.4%(39/270)
A-theory
75.4%(126/167)
19.7%(33/167)
Response pairs: 575   p-value: 0.001
Epistemic justification:externalism0.132
externalism internalism
B-theory
60.2%(162/269)
26.3%(71/269)
A-theory
44.7%(72/161)
35.4%(57/161)
Response pairs: 562   p-value: 0.001
not Perceptual experience:qualia theory0.131
qualia theory not qualia theory
B-theory
11.2%(26/232)
75%(174/232)
A-theory
22.3%(32/143)
66.4%(95/143)
Response pairs: 484   p-value: 0.003
External world:non-skeptical realism0.126
non-skeptical realism not non-skeptical realism
B-theory
87.8%(238/271)
9.2%(25/271)
A-theory
81.3%(135/166)
15%(25/166)
Response pairs: 577   p-value: 0.002
Laws of nature:Humean0.124
Humean non-Humean
B-theory
32.8%(87/265)
59.2%(157/265)
A-theory
18%(30/166)
73.4%(122/166)
Response pairs: 563   p-value: 0.003
Aesthetic value:subjective0.122
subjective objective
B-theory
42.8%(113/264)
44.3%(117/264)
A-theory
31%(51/164)
55.4%(91/164)
Response pairs: 563   p-value: 0.003
Abstract objects:nominalism0.119
nominalism Platonism
B-theory
43.4%(117/269)
47.9%(129/269)
A-theory
31.5%(52/165)
61.2%(101/165)
Response pairs: 574   p-value: 0.004
Moral judgment:non-cognitivism0.117
non-cognitivism cognitivism
B-theory
22.3%(59/264)
69.6%(184/264)
A-theory
14.3%(23/160)
78.7%(126/160)
Response pairs: 552   p-value: 0.005
Proper names:Millian0.113
Millian Fregean
B-theory
48.4%(124/256)
39.8%(102/256)
A-theory
39.4%(62/157)
45.8%(72/157)
Response pairs: 533   p-value: 0.009
Teletransporter:survival0.11
survival death
B-theory
47.5%(124/261)
36.3%(95/261)
A-theory
40.2%(64/159)
42.1%(67/159)
Response pairs: 551   p-value: 0.009
Zombies:inconceivable0.097
inconceivable not inconceivable
B-theory
21.8%(58/265)
67.9%(180/265)
A-theory
14.2%(23/161)
77%(124/161)
Response pairs: 555   p-value: 0.022
Zombies:conceivable but not metaphysically possible0.091
conceivable but not metaphysically possible not conceivable but not metaphysically possible
B-theory
44.5%(118/265)
45.2%(120/265)
A-theory
36%(58/161)
55.2%(89/161)
Response pairs: 555   p-value: 0.032
not Knowledge claims:invariantism0.087
invariantism not invariantism
B-theory
38.4%(93/242)
54.9%(133/242)
A-theory
45.2%(71/157)
43.3%(68/157)
Response pairs: 523   p-value: 0.046
not Politics:libertarianism0.085
libertarianism not libertarianism
B-theory
12%(26/215)
71.6%(154/215)
A-theory
21.3%(29/136)
63.2%(86/136)
Response pairs: 470   p-value: 0.065
Truth:deflationary0.083
deflationary not deflationary
B-theory
29.4%(76/258)
67.8%(175/258)
A-theory
22.6%(37/163)
73.6%(120/163)
Response pairs: 550   p-value: 0.051
Knowledge:empiricism0.074
empiricism rationalism
B-theory
45.5%(124/272)
35.6%(97/272)
A-theory
35.7%(60/168)
42.8%(72/168)
Response pairs: 578   p-value: 0.075
not External world:skepticism0.073
skepticism not skepticism
B-theory
3.3%(9/271)
93.7%(254/271)
A-theory
3.6%(6/166)
92.7%(154/166)
Response pairs: 577   p-value: 0.079
Logic:classical0.069
classical non-classical
B-theory
69.9%(179/256)
17.9%(46/256)
A-theory
62.1%(97/156)
24.3%(38/156)
Response pairs: 540   p-value: 0.109
not Politics:communitarianism0.063
communitarianism not communitarianism
B-theory
16.7%(36/215)
66.9%(144/215)
A-theory
23.5%(32/136)
61%(83/136)
Response pairs: 470   p-value: 0.172
A priori knowledge:no0.055
no yes
B-theory
19.9%(54/271)
74.5%(202/271)
A-theory
14.3%(24/167)
80.2%(134/167)
Response pairs: 576   p-value: 0.187

Philosophical orientation

Answer Corrrelation coefficient
xian:Lewis0.195
Lewis not Lewis
B-theory
16.7%(46/274)
83.2%(228/274)
A-theory
4.1%(7/168)
95.8%(161/168)
Response pairs: 583   p-value: < 0.001
not xian:Aristotle0.195
Aristotle not Aristotle
B-theory
9.4%(26/274)
90.5%(248/274)
A-theory
25%(42/168)
75%(126/168)
Response pairs: 583   p-value: < 0.001
metasurvey:accuracy0.178
accuracy ≥ median accuracy < median
B-theory
63.7%(44/69)
36.2%(25/69)
A-theory
42.8%(18/42)
57.1%(24/42)
Response pairs: 145   p-value: 0.032
not AOS:Philosophy of Religion0.145
Philosophy of Religion not Philosophy of Religion
B-theory
3.6%(10/274)
96.3%(264/274)
A-theory
11.9%(20/168)
88%(148/168)
Response pairs: 583   p-value: < 0.001
not xian:Kant0.108
Kant not Kant
B-theory
7.2%(20/274)
92.7%(254/274)
A-theory
15.4%(26/168)
84.5%(142/168)
Response pairs: 583   p-value: 0.009
tradition:analytic0.099
analytic continental
B-theory
92.7%(254/274)
1.8%(5/274)
A-theory
87.5%(147/168)
4.1%(7/168)
Response pairs: 583   p-value: 0.016
AOS:General Philosophy of Science0.099
General Philosophy of Science not General Philosophy of Science
B-theory
13.5%(37/274)
86.4%(237/274)
A-theory
7.1%(12/168)
92.8%(156/168)
Response pairs: 583   p-value: 0.016
not AOS:Ancient Greek Philosophy0.091
Ancient Greek Philosophy not Ancient Greek Philosophy
B-theory
5.8%(16/274)
94.1%(258/274)
A-theory
11.3%(19/168)
88.6%(149/168)
Response pairs: 583   p-value: 0.028
AOS:Philosophy of Physical Science0.087
Philosophy of Physical Science not Philosophy of Physical Science
B-theory
11.3%(31/274)
88.6%(243/274)
A-theory
6.5%(11/168)
93.4%(157/168)
Response pairs: 583   p-value: 0.035
not AOS:Philosophy of Action0.084
Philosophy of Action not Philosophy of Action
B-theory
3.2%(9/274)
96.7%(265/274)
A-theory
5.9%(10/168)
94%(158/168)
Response pairs: 583   p-value: 0.042
xian:Russell0.081
Russell not Russell
B-theory
11.3%(31/274)
88.6%(243/274)
A-theory
5.9%(10/168)
94%(158/168)
Response pairs: 583   p-value: 0.05
not AOS:Aesthetics0.079
Aesthetics not Aesthetics
B-theory
1.8%(5/274)
98.1%(269/274)
A-theory
5.9%(10/168)
94%(158/168)
Response pairs: 583   p-value: 0.056
not xian:Wittgenstein0.071
Wittgenstein not Wittgenstein
B-theory
5.8%(16/274)
94.1%(258/274)
A-theory
10.1%(17/168)
89.8%(151/168)
Response pairs: 583   p-value: 0.086
not AOS:Epistemology0.067
Epistemology not Epistemology
B-theory
15.3%(42/274)
84.6%(232/274)
A-theory
20.8%(35/168)
79.1%(133/168)
Response pairs: 583   p-value: 0.106
AOS:Philosophy of Mathematics0.066
Philosophy of Mathematics not Philosophy of Mathematics
B-theory
5.1%(14/274)
94.8%(260/274)
A-theory
2.9%(5/168)
97%(163/168)
Response pairs: 583   p-value: 0.111
not xian:Leibniz0.064
Leibniz not Leibniz
B-theory
2.1%(6/274)
97.8%(268/274)
A-theory
5.3%(9/168)
94.6%(159/168)
Response pairs: 583   p-value: 0.122
AOS:Metaphysics0.06
Metaphysics not Metaphysics
B-theory
40.1%(110/274)
59.8%(164/274)
A-theory
36.3%(61/168)
63.6%(107/168)
Response pairs: 583   p-value: 0.147
not AOS:Social and Political Philosophy0.06
Social and Political Philosophy not Social and Political Philosophy
B-theory
3.6%(10/274)
96.3%(264/274)
A-theory
6.5%(11/168)
93.4%(157/168)
Response pairs: 583   p-value: 0.147
AOS:Decision Theory0.059
Decision Theory not Decision Theory
B-theory
4%(11/274)
95.9%(263/274)
A-theory
1.7%(3/168)
98.2%(165/168)
Response pairs: 583   p-value: 0.154
xian:Hume0.057
Hume not Hume
B-theory
17.1%(47/274)
82.8%(227/274)
A-theory
13%(22/168)
86.9%(146/168)
Response pairs: 583   p-value: 0.169
AOS:Philosophy of Biology0.057
Philosophy of Biology not Philosophy of Biology
B-theory
2.9%(8/274)
97%(266/274)
A-theory
~0.5%(~1/168)
~99.4%(~167/168)
Response pairs: 583   p-value: 0.169

Background questions

Answer Corrrelation coefficient
affil:region:Australasia0.143
Australasia not Australasia
B-theory
9.1%(25/274)
90.8%(249/274)
A-theory
2.3%(4/168)
97.6%(164/168)
Response pairs: 583   p-value: < 0.001
year_of_birth0.118
year_of_birth ≥ median year_of_birth < median
B-theory
60.3%(155/257)
39.6%(102/257)
A-theory
48.4%(77/159)
51.5%(82/159)
Response pairs: 548   p-value: 0.005
year_of_phd0.109
year_of_phd ≥ median year_of_phd < median
B-theory
60.2%(135/224)
39.7%(89/224)
A-theory
47.2%(60/127)
52.7%(67/127)
Response pairs: 458   p-value: 0.019
nationality_region:Australasia0.1
Australasia not Australasia
B-theory
9.1%(25/274)
90.8%(249/274)
A-theory
4.1%(7/168)
95.8%(161/168)
Response pairs: 583   p-value: 0.015
phd_region:Australasia0.086
Australasia not Australasia
B-theory
5.1%(14/274)
94.8%(260/274)
A-theory
2.3%(4/168)
97.6%(164/168)
Response pairs: 583   p-value: 0.037
not phd_region:United Kingdom0.071
United Kingdom not United Kingdom
B-theory
14.5%(40/274)
85.4%(234/274)
A-theory
21.4%(36/168)
78.5%(132/168)
Response pairs: 583   p-value: 0.086
phd_region:United States0.059
United States not United States
B-theory
52.5%(144/274)
47.4%(130/274)
A-theory
41.6%(70/168)
58.3%(98/168)
Response pairs: 583   p-value: 0.154