The PhilPapers SurveysHighest linear correlations (Back to contents)

Correlations with: Trolley problem:switch

N = 931 (target faculty). Cut-off = +/-0.05

n < 10 omitted. Some redundant or trivial correlations are not shown.

Jump to: Main Survey questions | Philosophical orientation | Background questions

flip contingency tables

Main Survey questions

Answer Corrrelation coefficient
Normative ethics:consequentialism0.284
consequentialism not consequentialism
switch
35.5%(199/559)
51.8%(290/559)
don't switch
7.9%(7/88)
85.2%(75/88)
Response pairs: 753   p-value: < 0.001
Mind:physicalism0.205
non-physicalism physicalism
switch
24.6%(156/633)
65.7%(416/633)
don't switch
44.3%(43/97)
41.2%(40/97)
Response pairs: 854   p-value: < 0.001
God:atheism0.203
atheism theism
switch
78%(493/632)
13.7%(87/632)
don't switch
61.6%(61/99)
35.3%(35/99)
Response pairs: 852   p-value: < 0.001
Science:scientific realism0.199
scientific realism scientific anti-realism
switch
82.2%(514/625)
11.6%(73/625)
don't switch
67.7%(65/96)
22.9%(22/96)
Response pairs: 841   p-value: < 0.001
Time:B-theory0.183
B-theory A-theory
switch
50.7%(211/416)
26.2%(109/416)
don't switch
27.7%(15/54)
42.5%(23/54)
Response pairs: 548   p-value: < 0.001
Perceptual experience:representationalism0.18
representationalism not representationalism
switch
46.3%(225/485)
40%(194/485)
don't switch
23.7%(19/80)
62.5%(50/80)
Response pairs: 665   p-value: < 0.001
not Normative ethics:virtue ethics0.169
virtue ethics not virtue ethics
switch
16.9%(95/559)
70.4%(394/559)
don't switch
31.8%(28/88)
61.3%(54/88)
Response pairs: 753   p-value: < 0.001
Politics:egalitarianism0.141
egalitarianism not egalitarianism
switch
46.6%(245/525)
37.5%(197/525)
don't switch
27.5%(22/80)
56.2%(45/80)
Response pairs: 713   p-value: < 0.001
not Politics:communitarianism0.12
communitarianism not communitarianism
switch
17.1%(90/525)
67%(352/525)
don't switch
27.5%(22/80)
56.2%(45/80)
Response pairs: 713   p-value: 0.001
External world:non-skeptical realism0.119
non-skeptical realism not non-skeptical realism
switch
85.9%(540/628)
10.9%(69/628)
don't switch
76.7%(76/99)
20.2%(20/99)
Response pairs: 852   p-value: < 0.001
Truth:correspondence0.114
correspondence not correspondence
switch
57.5%(343/596)
36.7%(219/596)
don't switch
39.5%(36/91)
56%(51/91)
Response pairs: 802   p-value: 0.001
not Normative ethics:deontology0.109
deontology not deontology
switch
28.8%(161/559)
58.6%(328/559)
don't switch
43.1%(38/88)
50%(44/88)
Response pairs: 753   p-value: 0.002
Laws of nature:non-Humean0.105
non-Humean Humean
switch
64.1%(383/597)
26.1%(156/597)
don't switch
58.8%(53/90)
34.4%(31/90)
Response pairs: 807   p-value: 0.002
not Truth:epistemic0.104
epistemic not epistemic
switch
6.2%(37/596)
88%(525/596)
don't switch
17.5%(16/91)
78%(71/91)
Response pairs: 802   p-value: 0.003
Mental content:externalism0.092
externalism internalism
switch
62.7%(378/602)
23.4%(141/602)
don't switch
53.3%(48/90)
33.3%(30/90)
Response pairs: 803   p-value: 0.009
not Free will:libertarianism0.092
libertarianism not libertarianism
switch
13.4%(84/625)
79.5%(497/625)
don't switch
14.7%(14/95)
75.7%(72/95)
Response pairs: 840   p-value: 0.007
Personal identity:psychological view0.084
psychological view not psychological view
switch
41.7%(237/568)
39.6%(225/568)
don't switch
40%(34/85)
44.7%(38/85)
Response pairs: 761   p-value: 0.02
Free will:compatibilism0.081
compatibilism not compatibilism
switch
64%(400/625)
28.9%(181/625)
don't switch
61%(58/95)
29.4%(28/95)
Response pairs: 840   p-value: 0.018
not External world:idealism0.081
idealism not idealism
switch
3.8%(24/628)
93.1%(585/628)
don't switch
6%(6/99)
90.9%(90/99)
Response pairs: 852   p-value: 0.018
Aesthetic value:subjective0.08
objective subjective
switch
44.8%(277/618)
40.9%(253/618)
don't switch
59%(59/100)
26%(26/100)
Response pairs: 837   p-value: 0.02
Epistemic justification:externalism0.078
externalism internalism
switch
53.5%(319/596)
30.3%(181/596)
don't switch
42.3%(39/92)
34.7%(32/92)
Response pairs: 808   p-value: 0.026
not Zombies:inconceivable0.078
inconceivable not inconceivable
switch
18.8%(108/572)
70.1%(401/572)
don't switch
18.2%(17/93)
68.8%(64/93)
Response pairs: 772   p-value: 0.03
Metaphilosophy:naturalism0.077
naturalism non-naturalism
switch
56.9%(341/599)
28.5%(171/599)
don't switch
48.8%(44/90)
38.8%(35/90)
Response pairs: 804   p-value: 0.029
Teletransporter:survival0.073
death survival
switch
35.5%(206/580)
46.8%(272/580)
don't switch
40.2%(35/87)
34.4%(30/87)
Response pairs: 775   p-value: 0.042
not Perceptual experience:disjunctivism0.068
disjunctivism not disjunctivism
switch
13.1%(64/485)
73.1%(355/485)
don't switch
20%(16/80)
66.2%(53/80)
Response pairs: 665   p-value: 0.079
Knowledge claims:invariantism0.066
invariantism not invariantism
switch
38%(211/555)
51.7%(287/555)
don't switch
35.9%(32/89)
58.4%(52/89)
Response pairs: 753   p-value: 0.07
Moral motivation:externalism0.066
internalism externalism
switch
44.4%(239/538)
40.8%(220/538)
don't switch
48.7%(40/82)
36.5%(30/82)
Response pairs: 726   p-value: 0.075
Analytic-synthetic distinction:yes0.063
yes no
switch
66%(417/631)
29.1%(184/631)
don't switch
62%(62/100)
34%(34/100)
Response pairs: 855   p-value: 0.065
not Politics:libertarianism0.06
libertarianism not libertarianism
switch
11.4%(60/525)
72.7%(382/525)
don't switch
15%(12/80)
68.7%(55/80)
Response pairs: 713   p-value: 0.109
not Knowledge claims:relativism0.058
relativism not relativism
switch
2.7%(15/555)
87%(483/555)
don't switch
~1.1%(~1/89)
92.1%(82/89)
Response pairs: 753   p-value: 0.111
not External world:skepticism0.057
skepticism not skepticism
switch
4.9%(31/628)
92%(578/628)
don't switch
6%(6/99)
90.9%(90/99)
Response pairs: 852   p-value: 0.096
Knowledge:empiricism0.055
empiricism rationalism
switch
43.2%(273/631)
34.3%(217/631)
don't switch
37%(37/100)
45%(45/100)
Response pairs: 855   p-value: 0.108

Philosophical orientation

Answer Corrrelation coefficient
metasurvey:accuracy0.223
accuracy ≥ median accuracy < median
switch
53.8%(84/156)
46.1%(72/156)
don't switch
27.7%(5/18)
72.2%(13/18)
Response pairs: 201   p-value: 0.001
tradition:analytic0.195
analytic continental
switch
91.8%(587/639)
1.7%(11/639)
don't switch
77%(77/100)
8%(8/100)
Response pairs: 864   p-value: < 0.001
not AOS:Ancient Greek Philosophy0.106
Ancient Greek Philosophy not Ancient Greek Philosophy
switch
5.1%(33/639)
94.8%(606/639)
don't switch
11%(11/100)
89%(89/100)
Response pairs: 864   p-value: 0.001
not AOS:20th Century Philosophy0.105
20th Century Philosophy not 20th Century Philosophy
switch
2.8%(18/639)
97.1%(621/639)
don't switch
9%(9/100)
91%(91/100)
Response pairs: 864   p-value: 0.001
not AOS:Continental Philosophy0.088
Continental Philosophy not Continental Philosophy
switch
1.7%(11/639)
98.2%(628/639)
don't switch
4%(4/100)
96%(96/100)
Response pairs: 864   p-value: 0.009
xian:Lewis0.084
Lewis not Lewis
switch
8.7%(56/639)
91.2%(583/639)
don't switch
3%(3/100)
97%(97/100)
Response pairs: 864   p-value: 0.013
AOS:Metaphysics0.082
Metaphysics not Metaphysics
switch
25.8%(165/639)
74.1%(474/639)
don't switch
15%(15/100)
85%(85/100)
Response pairs: 864   p-value: 0.015
xian:Russell0.081
Russell not Russell
switch
7.8%(50/639)
92.1%(589/639)
don't switch
~1%(~1/100)
~99%(~99/100)
Response pairs: 864   p-value: 0.017
not xian:Kant0.079
Kant not Kant
switch
10.1%(65/639)
89.8%(574/639)
don't switch
17%(17/100)
83%(83/100)
Response pairs: 864   p-value: 0.02
AOS:Philosophy of Cognitive Science0.077
Philosophy of Cognitive Science not Philosophy of Cognitive Science
switch
7.5%(48/639)
92.4%(591/639)
don't switch
4%(4/100)
96%(96/100)
Response pairs: 864   p-value: 0.023
AOS:Meta-Ethics0.072
Meta-Ethics not Meta-Ethics
switch
12.5%(80/639)
87.4%(559/639)
don't switch
10%(10/100)
90%(90/100)
Response pairs: 864   p-value: 0.034
AOS:Philosophy of Mind0.071
Philosophy of Mind not Philosophy of Mind
switch
22.5%(144/639)
77.4%(495/639)
don't switch
15%(15/100)
85%(85/100)
Response pairs: 864   p-value: 0.036
not xian:Hegel0.071
Hegel not Hegel
switch
0.9%(6/639)
99%(633/639)
don't switch
3%(3/100)
97%(97/100)
Response pairs: 864   p-value: 0.036
xian:Hume0.067
Hume not Hume
switch
16.4%(105/639)
83.5%(534/639)
don't switch
10%(10/100)
90%(90/100)
Response pairs: 864   p-value: 0.048
not AOS:Aesthetics0.067
Aesthetics not Aesthetics
switch
3.4%(22/639)
96.5%(617/639)
don't switch
8%(8/100)
92%(92/100)
Response pairs: 864   p-value: 0.048
xian:Frege0.066
Frege not Frege
switch
8.4%(54/639)
91.5%(585/639)
don't switch
5%(5/100)
95%(95/100)
Response pairs: 864   p-value: 0.052
not AOS:Medieval and Renaissance Philosophy0.065
Medieval and Renaissance Philosophy not Medieval and Renaissance Philosophy
switch
1.2%(8/639)
98.7%(631/639)
don't switch
3%(3/100)
97%(97/100)
Response pairs: 864   p-value: 0.056
not AOS:19th Century Philosophy0.065
19th Century Philosophy not 19th Century Philosophy
switch
3.2%(21/639)
96.7%(618/639)
don't switch
7%(7/100)
93%(93/100)
Response pairs: 864   p-value: 0.056
not xian:Heidegger0.065
Heidegger not Heidegger
switch
0.7%(5/639)
99.2%(634/639)
don't switch
~1%(~1/100)
~99%(~99/100)
Response pairs: 864   p-value: 0.056
xian:Mill0.064
Mill not Mill
switch
5.3%(34/639)
94.6%(605/639)
don't switch
4%(4/100)
96%(96/100)
Response pairs: 864   p-value: 0.06
not AOS:17th/18th Century Philosophy0.064
17th/18th Century Philosophy not 17th/18th Century Philosophy
switch
10.1%(65/639)
89.8%(574/639)
don't switch
17%(17/100)
83%(83/100)
Response pairs: 864   p-value: 0.06
not xian:Plato0.063
Plato not Plato
switch
3.5%(23/639)
96.4%(616/639)
don't switch
7%(7/100)
93%(93/100)
Response pairs: 864   p-value: 0.064
AOS:Decision Theory0.06
Decision Theory not Decision Theory
switch
3.7%(24/639)
96.2%(615/639)
don't switch
~1%(~1/100)
~99%(~99/100)
Response pairs: 864   p-value: 0.077
AOS:Philosophy of Action0.058
Philosophy of Action not Philosophy of Action
switch
5.7%(37/639)
94.2%(602/639)
don't switch
~1%(~1/100)
~99%(~99/100)
Response pairs: 864   p-value: 0.088
xian:Carnap0.056
Carnap not Carnap
switch
5%(32/639)
94.9%(607/639)
don't switch
3%(3/100)
97%(97/100)
Response pairs: 864   p-value: 0.099
AOS:Epistemology0.053
Epistemology not Epistemology
switch
18.1%(116/639)
81.8%(523/639)
don't switch
10%(10/100)
90%(90/100)
Response pairs: 864   p-value: 0.119
not xian:Wittgenstein0.052
Wittgenstein not Wittgenstein
switch
6.5%(42/639)
93.4%(597/639)
don't switch
11%(11/100)
89%(89/100)
Response pairs: 864   p-value: 0.126

Background questions

Answer Corrrelation coefficient
gender:male0.141
male female
switch
83.4%(505/605)
16.5%(100/605)
don't switch
70.9%(66/93)
29%(27/93)
Response pairs: 814   p-value: < 0.001
affil:region:Australasia0.09
Australasia not Australasia
switch
7.3%(47/639)
92.6%(592/639)
don't switch
4%(4/100)
96%(96/100)
Response pairs: 864   p-value: 0.008
not nationality_region:Other0.088
Other not Other
switch
6.4%(41/639)
93.5%(598/639)
don't switch
12%(12/100)
88%(88/100)
Response pairs: 864   p-value: 0.009
not affil:region:Canada0.068
Canada not Canada
switch
7.6%(49/639)
92.3%(590/639)
don't switch
17%(17/100)
83%(83/100)
Response pairs: 864   p-value: 0.045
nationality_region:United Kingdom0.066
United Kingdom not United Kingdom
switch
17.6%(113/639)
82.3%(526/639)
don't switch
12%(12/100)
88%(88/100)
Response pairs: 864   p-value: 0.052
nationality_region:Australasia0.063
Australasia not Australasia
switch
6.5%(42/639)
93.4%(597/639)
don't switch
3%(3/100)
97%(97/100)
Response pairs: 864   p-value: 0.064
not phd_region:Canada0.059
Canada not Canada
switch
2%(13/639)
97.9%(626/639)
don't switch
3%(3/100)
97%(97/100)
Response pairs: 864   p-value: 0.083