The PhilPapers SurveysHighest linear correlations (Back to contents)

Correlations with: Truth:deflationary

N = 931 (target faculty). Cut-off = +/-0.05

n < 10 omitted. Some redundant or trivial correlations are not shown.

Jump to: Main Survey questions | Philosophical orientation | Background questions

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Main Survey questions

Answer Corrrelation coefficient
not Laws of nature:non-Humean0.272
non-Humean Humean
deflationary
43.3%(92/212)
45.7%(97/212)
not deflationary
70.7%(390/551)
22.1%(122/551)
Response pairs: 808   p-value: < 0.001
Meta-ethics:moral anti-realism0.239
moral realism moral anti-realism
deflationary
42.9%(98/228)
50.8%(116/228)
not deflationary
66%(366/554)
26.3%(146/554)
Response pairs: 833   p-value: < 0.001
Science:scientific anti-realism0.231
scientific realism scientific anti-realism
deflationary
66%(150/227)
25.9%(59/227)
not deflationary
82.8%(472/570)
11.4%(65/570)
Response pairs: 847   p-value: < 0.001
Abstract objects:nominalism0.176
nominalism Platonism
deflationary
50.8%(114/224)
39.2%(88/224)
not deflationary
35.2%(199/564)
54.6%(308/564)
Response pairs: 837   p-value: < 0.001
not Moral judgment:cognitivism0.147
cognitivism non-cognitivism
deflationary
60.5%(135/223)
30%(67/223)
not deflationary
75.5%(413/547)
17.3%(95/547)
Response pairs: 817   p-value: < 0.001
Knowledge:empiricism0.137
rationalism empiricism
deflationary
25.1%(57/227)
53.3%(121/227)
not deflationary
39.5%(228/577)
38.6%(223/577)
Response pairs: 854   p-value: < 0.001
Perceptual experience:disjunctivism0.136
disjunctivism not disjunctivism
deflationary
22.8%(39/171)
60.8%(104/171)
not deflationary
11%(52/471)
76%(358/471)
Response pairs: 678   p-value: < 0.001
not Free will:libertarianism0.126
libertarianism not libertarianism
deflationary
8.5%(19/223)
82.5%(184/223)
not deflationary
17.7%(100/562)
75%(422/562)
Response pairs: 833   p-value: < 0.001
Knowledge claims:contextualism0.112
contextualism not contextualism
deflationary
53.6%(109/203)
34.9%(71/203)
not deflationary
43.1%(219/508)
47%(239/508)
Response pairs: 755   p-value: 0.002
Free will:compatibilism0.112
compatibilism not compatibilism
deflationary
66.8%(149/223)
24.2%(54/223)
not deflationary
59.2%(333/562)
33.6%(189/562)
Response pairs: 833   p-value: 0.001
not Knowledge claims:invariantism0.106
invariantism not invariantism
deflationary
29%(59/203)
59.6%(121/203)
not deflationary
41.1%(209/508)
49%(249/508)
Response pairs: 755   p-value: 0.003
Analytic-synthetic distinction:no0.101
no yes
deflationary
35.3%(81/229)
60.6%(139/229)
not deflationary
25.9%(150/577)
70.1%(405/577)
Response pairs: 858   p-value: 0.003
Time:B-theory0.097
A-theory B-theory
deflationary
26%(37/142)
53.5%(76/142)
not deflationary
32.1%(123/382)
45%(172/382)
Response pairs: 550   p-value: 0.022
Zombies:inconceivable0.082
inconceivable not inconceivable
deflationary
22.1%(45/203)
65%(132/203)
not deflationary
16.8%(89/529)
70.1%(371/529)
Response pairs: 775   p-value: 0.022
Aesthetic value:subjective0.082
objective subjective
deflationary
39.6%(88/222)
43.6%(97/222)
not deflationary
48.9%(273/558)
37.9%(212/558)
Response pairs: 831   p-value: 0.018
A priori knowledge:no0.08
yes no
deflationary
68.5%(155/226)
22.1%(50/226)
not deflationary
74.5%(430/577)
18.7%(108/577)
Response pairs: 853   p-value: 0.019
God:atheism0.077
theism atheism
deflationary
10.9%(25/228)
81.1%(185/228)
not deflationary
16.6%(95/572)
75.3%(431/572)
Response pairs: 850   p-value: 0.024
Knowledge claims:relativism0.067
relativism not relativism
deflationary
4.4%(9/203)
84.2%(171/203)
not deflationary
3.1%(16/508)
87%(442/508)
Response pairs: 755   p-value: 0.065
Proper names:Fregean0.067
Millian Fregean
deflationary
36.1%(72/199)
44.2%(88/199)
not deflationary
45.5%(229/503)
40.7%(205/503)
Response pairs: 743   p-value: 0.067
not Personal identity:further-fact view0.062
further-fact view not further-fact view
deflationary
9.8%(20/203)
66.9%(136/203)
not deflationary
15.8%(81/512)
66.2%(339/512)
Response pairs: 759   p-value: 0.087
External world:skepticism0.056
skepticism not skepticism
deflationary
4.3%(10/228)
92.9%(212/228)
not deflationary
4.9%(28/569)
91.5%(521/569)
Response pairs: 848   p-value: 0.103
not Zombies:metaphysically possible0.054
metaphysically possible not metaphysically possible
deflationary
24.1%(49/203)
63%(128/203)
not deflationary
27.7%(147/529)
59.1%(313/529)
Response pairs: 775   p-value: 0.133
not Politics:communitarianism0.054
communitarianism not communitarianism
deflationary
17.1%(34/198)
65.1%(129/198)
not deflationary
18.1%(84/462)
64.9%(300/462)
Response pairs: 699   p-value: 0.153
Logic:non-classical0.051
non-classical classical
deflationary
25%(49/196)
58.6%(115/196)
not deflationary
23.8%(124/521)
64.1%(334/521)
Response pairs: 759   p-value: 0.16

Philosophical orientation

Answer Corrrelation coefficient
not xian:Locke0.112
Locke not Locke
deflationary
~0.4%(~1/231)
~99.5%(~230/231)
not deflationary
5.3%(31/580)
94.6%(549/580)
Response pairs: 863   p-value: < 0.001
xian:Hume0.109
Hume not Hume
deflationary
19.9%(46/231)
80%(185/231)
not deflationary
11.8%(69/580)
88.1%(511/580)
Response pairs: 863   p-value: 0.001
AOS:Metaphilosophy0.108
Metaphilosophy not Metaphilosophy
deflationary
5.1%(12/231)
94.8%(219/231)
not deflationary
1%(6/580)
98.9%(574/580)
Response pairs: 863   p-value: 0.001
AOS:Social and Political Philosophy0.092
Social and Political Philosophy not Social and Political Philosophy
deflationary
13.8%(32/231)
86.1%(199/231)
not deflationary
7.9%(46/580)
92%(534/580)
Response pairs: 863   p-value: 0.006
AOS:Philosophy of Gender, Race, and Sexuality0.09
Philosophy of Gender, Race, and Sexuality not Philosophy of Gender, Race, and Sexuality
deflationary
3%(7/231)
96.9%(224/231)
not deflationary
0.8%(5/580)
99.1%(575/580)
Response pairs: 863   p-value: 0.008
not AOS:Philosophy of Mind0.089
Philosophy of Mind not Philosophy of Mind
deflationary
16%(37/231)
83.9%(194/231)
not deflationary
23.6%(137/580)
76.3%(443/580)
Response pairs: 863   p-value: 0.008
not xian:Spinoza0.078
Spinoza not Spinoza
deflationary
~0.4%(~1/231)
~99.5%(~230/231)
not deflationary
3.4%(20/580)
96.5%(560/580)
Response pairs: 863   p-value: 0.021
xian:Wittgenstein0.076
Wittgenstein not Wittgenstein
deflationary
12.5%(29/231)
87.4%(202/231)
not deflationary
6.8%(40/580)
93.1%(540/580)
Response pairs: 863   p-value: 0.025
not AOS:Philosophy of Religion0.073
Philosophy of Religion not Philosophy of Religion
deflationary
2.1%(5/231)
97.8%(226/231)
not deflationary
6%(35/580)
93.9%(545/580)
Response pairs: 863   p-value: 0.032
AOS:Philosophy of Biology0.071
Philosophy of Biology not Philosophy of Biology
deflationary
6%(14/231)
93.9%(217/231)
not deflationary
3.1%(18/580)
96.8%(562/580)
Response pairs: 863   p-value: 0.037
xian:Quine0.067
Quine not Quine
deflationary
10.3%(24/231)
89.6%(207/231)
not deflationary
5.5%(32/580)
94.4%(548/580)
Response pairs: 863   p-value: 0.049
not AOS:Asian Philosophy0.066
Asian Philosophy not Asian Philosophy
deflationary
~0.4%(~1/231)
~99.5%(~230/231)
not deflationary
1.7%(10/580)
98.2%(570/580)
Response pairs: 863   p-value: 0.052
not xian:Russell0.066
Russell not Russell
deflationary
4.7%(11/231)
95.2%(220/231)
not deflationary
7.5%(44/580)
92.4%(536/580)
Response pairs: 863   p-value: 0.052
AOS:Meta-Ethics0.064
Meta-Ethics not Meta-Ethics
deflationary
12.9%(30/231)
87%(201/231)
not deflationary
10%(58/580)
90%(522/580)
Response pairs: 863   p-value: 0.06
not AOS:Epistemology0.064
Epistemology not Epistemology
deflationary
13.8%(32/231)
86.1%(199/231)
not deflationary
19.4%(113/580)
80.5%(467/580)
Response pairs: 863   p-value: 0.06
not AOS:Metaphysics0.06
Metaphysics not Metaphysics
deflationary
23.3%(54/231)
76.6%(177/231)
not deflationary
27.4%(159/580)
72.5%(421/580)
Response pairs: 863   p-value: 0.078
AOS:Aesthetics0.056
Aesthetics not Aesthetics
deflationary
6%(14/231)
93.9%(217/231)
not deflationary
3.6%(21/580)
96.3%(559/580)
Response pairs: 863   p-value: 0.1
AOS:19th Century Philosophy0.052
19th Century Philosophy not 19th Century Philosophy
deflationary
6.9%(16/231)
93%(215/231)
not deflationary
3.2%(19/580)
96.7%(561/580)
Response pairs: 863   p-value: 0.126
AOS:Normative Ethics0.051
Normative Ethics not Normative Ethics
deflationary
16%(37/231)
83.9%(194/231)
not deflationary
13.4%(78/580)
86.5%(502/580)
Response pairs: 863   p-value: 0.134

Background questions

Answer Corrrelation coefficient
year_of_birth0.088
year_of_birth ≥ median year_of_birth < median
deflationary
53.3%(113/212)
46.6%(99/212)
not deflationary
48.2%(266/551)
51.7%(285/551)
Response pairs: 808   p-value: 0.012
not nationality_region:United States0.087
United States not United States
deflationary
44.5%(103/231)
55.4%(128/231)
not deflationary
53.2%(309/580)
46.7%(271/580)
Response pairs: 863   p-value: 0.01
nationality_region:United Kingdom0.086
United Kingdom not United Kingdom
deflationary
22%(51/231)
77.9%(180/231)
not deflationary
14.3%(83/580)
85.6%(497/580)
Response pairs: 863   p-value: 0.011
affil:region:United Kingdom0.084
United Kingdom not United Kingdom
deflationary
25.9%(60/231)
74%(171/231)
not deflationary
17.7%(103/580)
82.2%(477/580)
Response pairs: 863   p-value: 0.013
not affil:region:United States0.079
United States not United States
deflationary
55.8%(129/231)
44.1%(102/231)
not deflationary
62.5%(363/580)
37.4%(217/580)
Response pairs: 863   p-value: 0.02
year_of_phd0.078
year_of_phd ≥ median year_of_phd < median
deflationary
50.8%(91/179)
49.1%(88/179)
not deflationary
48.5%(218/449)
51.4%(231/449)
Response pairs: 673   p-value: 0.043
gender:female0.061
female male
deflationary
18.8%(41/218)
81.1%(177/218)
not deflationary
16.3%(91/556)
83.6%(465/556)
Response pairs: 819   p-value: 0.081
not affil:region:Europe0.055
Europe not Europe
deflationary
4.7%(11/231)
95.2%(220/231)
not deflationary
8.1%(47/580)
91.8%(533/580)
Response pairs: 863   p-value: 0.106