The PhilPapers SurveysHighest linear correlations (Back to contents)

Correlations with: Proper names:Fregean

N = 931 (target faculty). Cut-off = +/-0.05

n < 10 omitted. Some redundant or trivial correlations are not shown.

Jump to: Main Survey questions | Philosophical orientation | Background questions

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Main Survey questions

Answer Corrrelation coefficient
Mental content:internalism0.219
internalism externalism
Fregean
34.7%(92/265)
55%(146/265)
Millian
17.9%(66/367)
70.2%(258/367)
Response pairs: 747   p-value: < 0.001
Moral motivation:internalism0.146
internalism externalism
Fregean
53.3%(129/242)
33.4%(81/242)
Millian
39.5%(121/306)
44.4%(136/306)
Response pairs: 658   p-value: < 0.001
Truth:epistemic0.125
epistemic not epistemic
Fregean
9.8%(26/265)
84.5%(224/265)
Millian
5%(18/359)
90.8%(326/359)
Response pairs: 743   p-value: < 0.001
Politics:egalitarianism0.11
egalitarianism not egalitarianism
Fregean
50.6%(111/219)
37.8%(83/219)
Millian
38.5%(118/306)
41.8%(128/306)
Response pairs: 625   p-value: 0.005
not Zombies:conceivable but not metaphysically possible0.11
conceivable but not metaphysically possible not conceivable but not metaphysically possible
Fregean
36%(92/255)
52.9%(135/255)
Millian
46.1%(163/353)
41.6%(147/353)
Response pairs: 722   p-value: 0.003
Science:scientific anti-realism0.107
scientific anti-realism scientific realism
Fregean
15.3%(42/273)
78.7%(215/273)
Millian
9.2%(34/369)
84.5%(312/369)
Response pairs: 771   p-value: 0.002
not Truth:correspondence0.101
correspondence not correspondence
Fregean
52%(138/265)
42.2%(112/265)
Millian
61.5%(221/359)
34.2%(123/359)
Response pairs: 743   p-value: 0.005
Personal identity:psychological view0.09
psychological view not psychological view
Fregean
40.8%(100/245)
42.4%(104/245)
Millian
36.5%(124/339)
46%(156/339)
Response pairs: 697   p-value: 0.017
Epistemic justification:internalism0.088
externalism internalism
Fregean
53%(140/264)
33.7%(89/264)
Millian
56.7%(205/361)
26%(94/361)
Response pairs: 747   p-value: 0.016
Zombies:metaphysically possible0.084
metaphysically possible not metaphysically possible
Fregean
30.9%(79/255)
58%(148/255)
Millian
22.3%(79/353)
65.4%(231/353)
Response pairs: 722   p-value: 0.023
Aesthetic value:subjective0.084
subjective objective
Fregean
43.3%(117/270)
44%(119/270)
Millian
34.1%(122/357)
52.6%(188/357)
Response pairs: 754   p-value: 0.021
not Politics:communitarianism0.083
communitarianism not communitarianism
Fregean
17.3%(38/219)
71.2%(156/219)
Millian
19.6%(60/306)
60.7%(186/306)
Response pairs: 625   p-value: 0.038
Free will:libertarianism0.082
libertarianism not libertarianism
Fregean
17.6%(47/266)
75.5%(201/266)
Millian
13.5%(50/368)
79%(291/368)
Response pairs: 756   p-value: 0.024
Analytic-synthetic distinction:yes0.082
yes no
Fregean
75.3%(208/276)
22.1%(61/276)
Millian
64%(239/373)
31.3%(117/373)
Response pairs: 779   p-value: 0.022
Time:A-theory0.08
B-theory A-theory
Fregean
47.1%(91/193)
32.1%(62/193)
Millian
52.5%(135/257)
28%(72/257)
Response pairs: 533   p-value: 0.064
Truth:deflationary0.064
deflationary not deflationary
Fregean
27.9%(74/265)
66.4%(176/265)
Millian
23.9%(86/359)
71.8%(258/359)
Response pairs: 743   p-value: 0.081
Perceptual experience:representationalism0.061
representationalism not representationalism
Fregean
46.6%(111/238)
42.4%(101/238)
Millian
42%(133/316)
42%(133/316)
Response pairs: 646   p-value: 0.121
Teletransporter:survival0.057
survival death
Fregean
42.6%(104/244)
39.3%(96/244)
Millian
40%(139/347)
41.4%(144/347)
Response pairs: 711   p-value: 0.128
Laws of nature:Humean0.056
Humean non-Humean
Fregean
26.9%(69/256)
67.1%(172/256)
Millian
25.4%(92/362)
65.1%(236/362)
Response pairs: 743   p-value: 0.127
Knowledge:rationalism0.053
rationalism empiricism
Fregean
41.8%(115/275)
39.6%(109/275)
Millian
35.7%(133/372)
41.3%(154/372)
Response pairs: 777   p-value: 0.139
Mind:non-physicalism0.051
non-physicalism physicalism
Fregean
32.9%(91/276)
58.6%(162/276)
Millian
27.6%(103/372)
62.3%(232/372)
Response pairs: 776   p-value: 0.155

Philosophical orientation

Answer Corrrelation coefficient
xian:Frege0.15
Frege not Frege
Fregean
14.8%(41/277)
85.1%(236/277)
Millian
5.6%(21/375)
94.4%(354/375)
Response pairs: 783   p-value: < 0.001
not AOS:Metaphysics0.098
Metaphysics not Metaphysics
Fregean
23.8%(66/277)
76.1%(211/277)
Millian
33.8%(127/375)
66.1%(248/375)
Response pairs: 783   p-value: 0.006
not xian:Moore0.077
Moore not Moore
Fregean
1.8%(5/277)
98.1%(272/277)
Millian
4.5%(17/375)
95.4%(358/375)
Response pairs: 783   p-value: 0.031
xian:Davidson0.066
Davidson not Davidson
Fregean
8.3%(23/277)
91.6%(254/277)
Millian
5%(19/375)
94.9%(356/375)
Response pairs: 783   p-value: 0.064
xian:Leibniz0.056
Leibniz not Leibniz
Fregean
3.6%(10/277)
96.3%(267/277)
Millian
1.6%(6/375)
98.4%(369/375)
Response pairs: 783   p-value: 0.117
not xian:Mill0.056
Mill not Mill
Fregean
2.5%(7/277)
97.4%(270/277)
Millian
5.3%(20/375)
94.6%(355/375)
Response pairs: 783   p-value: 0.117
not xian:Quine0.055
Quine not Quine
Fregean
5%(14/277)
94.9%(263/277)
Millian
8%(30/375)
92%(345/375)
Response pairs: 783   p-value: 0.124
xian:Kant0.054
Kant not Kant
Fregean
13.3%(37/277)
86.6%(240/277)
Millian
8.5%(32/375)
91.4%(343/375)
Response pairs: 783   p-value: 0.131
AOS:20th Century Philosophy0.051
20th Century Philosophy not 20th Century Philosophy
Fregean
6.4%(18/277)
93.5%(259/277)
Millian
4%(15/375)
96%(360/375)
Response pairs: 783   p-value: 0.153

Background questions

Answer Corrrelation coefficient
not affil:region:United States0.149
United States not United States
Fregean
48.3%(134/277)
51.6%(143/277)
Millian
65%(244/375)
34.9%(131/375)
Response pairs: 783   p-value: < 0.001
affil:region:Europe0.146
Europe not Europe
Fregean
12.2%(34/277)
87.7%(243/277)
Millian
4.2%(16/375)
95.7%(359/375)
Response pairs: 783   p-value: < 0.001
phd_region:Europe0.126
Europe not Europe
Fregean
8.6%(24/277)
91.3%(253/277)
Millian
2.6%(10/375)
97.3%(365/375)
Response pairs: 783   p-value: < 0.001
nationality_region:Europe0.124
Europe not Europe
Fregean
19.1%(53/277)
80.8%(224/277)
Millian
9%(34/375)
90.9%(341/375)
Response pairs: 783   p-value: < 0.001
not nationality_region:United States0.123
United States not United States
Fregean
38.6%(107/277)
61.3%(170/277)
Millian
52.8%(198/375)
47.2%(177/375)
Response pairs: 783   p-value: < 0.001
not phd_region:United States0.1
United States not United States
Fregean
45.4%(126/277)
54.5%(151/277)
Millian
57%(214/375)
42.9%(161/375)
Response pairs: 783   p-value: 0.005
gender:female0.093
female male
Fregean
19.1%(50/261)
80.8%(211/261)
Millian
11.7%(42/357)
88.2%(315/357)
Response pairs: 744   p-value: 0.011
affil:region:Canada0.067
Canada not Canada
Fregean
11.1%(31/277)
88.8%(246/277)
Millian
6.1%(23/375)
93.8%(352/375)
Response pairs: 783   p-value: 0.06
year_of_phd0.065
year_of_phd ≥ median year_of_phd < median
Fregean
54.5%(119/218)
45.4%(99/218)
Millian
45.7%(133/291)
54.2%(158/291)
Response pairs: 612   p-value: 0.108
affil:region:United Kingdom0.061
United Kingdom not United Kingdom
Fregean
25.6%(71/277)
74.3%(206/277)
Millian
20%(75/375)
80%(300/375)
Response pairs: 783   p-value: 0.088
phd_region:United Kingdom0.05
United Kingdom not United Kingdom
Fregean
16.9%(47/277)
83%(230/277)
Millian
12.2%(46/375)
87.7%(329/375)
Response pairs: 783   p-value: 0.162