The PhilPapers SurveysHighest linear correlations (Back to contents)

Correlations with: AOS:Meta-Ethics

N = 931 (target faculty). Cut-off = +/-0.05

n < 10 omitted. Some redundant or trivial correlations are not shown.

Jump to: Main Survey questions | Philosophical orientation | Background questions

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Main Survey questions

Answer Corrrelation coefficient
not Normative ethics:virtue ethics0.091
virtue ethics not virtue ethics
Meta-Ethics
13.4%(12/89)
70.7%(63/89)
not Meta-Ethics
22%(157/711)
64.1%(456/711)
Response pairs: 800   p-value: 0.01
Epistemic justification:internalism0.089
internalism externalism
Meta-Ethics
46.2%(43/93)
34.4%(32/93)
not Meta-Ethics
31.7%(246/775)
50.5%(392/775)
Response pairs: 868   p-value: 0.008
External world:non-skeptical realism0.089
non-skeptical realism not non-skeptical realism
Meta-Ethics
93.1%(95/102)
4.9%(5/102)
not Meta-Ethics
81.7%(665/813)
14.1%(115/813)
Response pairs: 915   p-value: 0.007
God:atheism0.083
atheism theism
Meta-Ethics
82.6%(81/98)
8.1%(8/98)
not Meta-Ethics
72.8%(597/819)
18.5%(152/819)
Response pairs: 917   p-value: 0.011
Moral judgment:cognitvism0.083
non-cognitivism cognitivism
Meta-Ethics
15.6%(16/102)
78.4%(80/102)
not Meta-Ethics
19.7%(153/773)
71.4%(552/773)
Response pairs: 875   p-value: 0.014
Analytic-synthetic distinction:yes0.072
yes no
Meta-Ethics
79.2%(80/101)
15.8%(16/101)
not Meta-Ethics
64.3%(527/819)
29.6%(243/819)
Response pairs: 920   p-value: 0.028
Trolley problem:switch0.072
switch don't switch
Meta-Ethics
80%(80/100)
10%(10/100)
not Meta-Ethics
73.1%(559/764)
11.7%(90/764)
Response pairs: 864   p-value: 0.034
not Personal identity:biological view0.065
biological view not biological view
Meta-Ethics
12.2%(11/90)
68.8%(62/90)
not Meta-Ethics
20.1%(146/723)
58.7%(425/723)
Response pairs: 813   p-value: 0.063
Truth:deflationary0.064
deflationary not deflationary
Meta-Ethics
31.5%(30/95)
61%(58/95)
not Meta-Ethics
26.1%(201/768)
67.9%(522/768)
Response pairs: 863   p-value: 0.06
not Politics:communitarianism0.063
communitarianism not communitarianism
Meta-Ethics
11.6%(10/86)
68.6%(59/86)
not Meta-Ethics
18.4%(123/665)
64%(426/665)
Response pairs: 751   p-value: 0.084
Metaphilosophy:non-naturalism0.059
naturalism non-naturalism
Meta-Ethics
48.9%(46/94)
36.1%(34/94)
not Meta-Ethics
55.4%(422/761)
29.3%(223/761)
Response pairs: 855   p-value: 0.084
Science:scientific realism0.059
scientific anti-realism scientific realism
Meta-Ethics
7.2%(7/96)
89.5%(86/96)
not Meta-Ethics
12.7%(103/810)
79.3%(643/810)
Response pairs: 906   p-value: 0.075
not External world:idealism0.058
idealism not idealism
Meta-Ethics
~0.9%(~1/102)
97%(99/102)
not Meta-Ethics
4.7%(39/813)
91.1%(741/813)
Response pairs: 915   p-value: 0.079
Aesthetic value:subjective0.055
subjective objective
Meta-Ethics
42.8%(42/98)
40.8%(40/98)
not Meta-Ethics
38%(303/797)
47%(375/797)
Response pairs: 895   p-value: 0.1
not External world:skepticism0.054
skepticism not skepticism
Meta-Ethics
~0.9%(~1/102)
96%(98/102)
not Meta-Ethics
5.2%(43/813)
90.6%(737/813)
Response pairs: 915   p-value: 0.102
Logic:classical0.054
non-classical classical
Meta-Ethics
17.5%(14/80)
67.5%(54/80)
not Meta-Ethics
24.4%(177/723)
60.3%(436/723)
Response pairs: 803   p-value: 0.126
Knowledge:rationalism0.052
empiricism rationalism
Meta-Ethics
38.6%(39/101)
37.6%(38/101)
not Meta-Ethics
42.2%(346/818)
34.1%(279/818)
Response pairs: 919   p-value: 0.115
not Normative ethics:deontology0.05
deontology not deontology
Meta-Ethics
24.7%(22/89)
59.5%(53/89)
not Meta-Ethics
30.8%(219/711)
55.4%(394/711)
Response pairs: 800   p-value: 0.157

Philosophical orientation

Answer Corrrelation coefficient
AOS:Normative Ethics0.316
Normative Ethics not Normative Ethics
Meta-Ethics
47%(48/102)
52.9%(54/102)
not Meta-Ethics
10.9%(91/829)
89%(738/829)
Response pairs: 931   p-value: < 0.001
not AOS:Philosophy of Mind0.11
Philosophy of Mind not Philosophy of Mind
Meta-Ethics
7.8%(8/102)
92.1%(94/102)
not Meta-Ethics
22%(183/829)
77.9%(646/829)
Response pairs: 931   p-value: < 0.001
not AOS:Metaphysics0.108
Metaphysics not Metaphysics
Meta-Ethics
11.7%(12/102)
88.2%(90/102)
not Meta-Ethics
26.7%(222/829)
73.2%(607/829)
Response pairs: 931   p-value: < 0.001
not AOS:Logic and Philosophy of Logic0.104
Logic and Philosophy of Logic not Logic and Philosophy of Logic
Meta-Ethics
~0.9%(~1/102)
~99%(~101/102)
not Meta-Ethics
10.9%(91/829)
89%(738/829)
Response pairs: 931   p-value: 0.001
not AOS:General Philosophy of Science0.094
General Philosophy of Science not General Philosophy of Science
Meta-Ethics
~0.9%(~1/102)
~99%(~101/102)
not Meta-Ethics
11%(92/829)
88.9%(737/829)
Response pairs: 931   p-value: 0.004
not AOS:Philosophy of Physical Science0.092
Philosophy of Physical Science not Philosophy of Physical Science
Meta-Ethics
~0.9%(~1/102)
~99%(~101/102)
not Meta-Ethics
7.3%(61/829)
92.6%(768/829)
Response pairs: 931   p-value: 0.004
xian:Mill0.089
Mill not Mill
Meta-Ethics
9.8%(10/102)
90.1%(92/102)
not Meta-Ethics
3.8%(32/829)
96.1%(797/829)
Response pairs: 931   p-value: 0.006
xian:Hume0.084
Hume not Hume
Meta-Ethics
23.5%(24/102)
76.4%(78/102)
not Meta-Ethics
13.8%(115/829)
86.1%(714/829)
Response pairs: 931   p-value: 0.01
xian:Moore0.082
Moore not Moore
Meta-Ethics
6.8%(7/102)
93.1%(95/102)
not Meta-Ethics
2.4%(20/829)
97.5%(809/829)
Response pairs: 931   p-value: 0.012
tradition:analytic0.082
analytic continental
Meta-Ethics
96%(98/102)
~0.9%(~1/102)
not Meta-Ethics
87%(722/829)
3.9%(33/829)
Response pairs: 931   p-value: 0.012
not xian:Russell0.078
Russell not Russell
Meta-Ethics
~0.9%(~1/102)
~99%(~101/102)
not Meta-Ethics
7.2%(60/829)
92.7%(769/829)
Response pairs: 931   p-value: 0.017
not AOS:Philosophy of Language0.078
Philosophy of Language not Philosophy of Language
Meta-Ethics
9.8%(10/102)
90.1%(92/102)
not Meta-Ethics
19.5%(162/829)
80.4%(667/829)
Response pairs: 931   p-value: 0.017
not AOS:Philosophy of Cognitive Science0.074
Philosophy of Cognitive Science not Philosophy of Cognitive Science
Meta-Ethics
~0.9%(~1/102)
~99%(~101/102)
not Meta-Ethics
6.6%(55/829)
93.3%(774/829)
Response pairs: 931   p-value: 0.023
xian:Socrates0.069
Socrates not Socrates
Meta-Ethics
3.9%(4/102)
96%(98/102)
not Meta-Ethics
1.2%(10/829)
98.7%(819/829)
Response pairs: 931   p-value: 0.035
not AOS:Philosophy of Mathematics0.069
Philosophy of Mathematics not Philosophy of Mathematics
Meta-Ethics
~0.9%(~1/102)
~99%(~101/102)
not Meta-Ethics
4.2%(35/829)
95.7%(794/829)
Response pairs: 931   p-value: 0.035
not AOS:Philosophy of Biology0.054
Philosophy of Biology not Philosophy of Biology
Meta-Ethics
~0.9%(~1/102)
~99%(~101/102)
not Meta-Ethics
4.4%(37/829)
95.5%(792/829)
Response pairs: 931   p-value: 0.099
AOS:Applied Ethics0.053
Applied Ethics not Applied Ethics
Meta-Ethics
7.8%(8/102)
92.1%(94/102)
not Meta-Ethics
4.2%(35/829)
95.7%(794/829)
Response pairs: 931   p-value: 0.106
not xian:Quine0.051
Quine not Quine
Meta-Ethics
2.9%(3/102)
97%(99/102)
not Meta-Ethics
6.9%(58/829)
93%(771/829)
Response pairs: 931   p-value: 0.119
not AOS:Philosophy of Probability0.05
Philosophy of Probability not Philosophy of Probability
Meta-Ethics
~0.9%(~1/102)
~99%(~101/102)
not Meta-Ethics
2.2%(19/829)
97.7%(810/829)
Response pairs: 931   p-value: 0.127
not AOS:17th/18th Century Philosophy0.05
17th/18th Century Philosophy not 17th/18th Century Philosophy
Meta-Ethics
6.8%(7/102)
93.1%(95/102)
not Meta-Ethics
12%(100/829)
87.9%(729/829)
Response pairs: 931   p-value: 0.127

Background questions

Answer Corrrelation coefficient
nationality_region:United Kingdom0.075
United Kingdom not United Kingdom
Meta-Ethics
24.5%(25/102)
75.4%(77/102)
not Meta-Ethics
15.5%(129/829)
84.4%(700/829)
Response pairs: 931   p-value: 0.022
affil:region:United Kingdom0.074
United Kingdom not United Kingdom
Meta-Ethics
28.4%(29/102)
71.5%(73/102)
not Meta-Ethics
18.9%(157/829)
81%(672/829)
Response pairs: 931   p-value: 0.023
gender:male0.071
male female
Meta-Ethics
89.5%(86/96)
10.4%(10/96)
not Meta-Ethics
80.6%(633/785)
19.3%(152/785)
Response pairs: 881   p-value: 0.035
not affil:region:United States0.058
United States not United States
Meta-Ethics
52.9%(54/102)
47%(48/102)
not Meta-Ethics
62.1%(515/829)
37.8%(314/829)
Response pairs: 931   p-value: 0.076
phd_region:Australasia0.052
Australasia not Australasia
Meta-Ethics
5.8%(6/102)
94.1%(96/102)
not Meta-Ethics
2.8%(24/829)
97.1%(805/829)
Response pairs: 931   p-value: 0.112