The PhilPapers SurveysHighest linear correlations (Back to contents)

Correlations with: AOS:Normative Ethics

N = 931 (target faculty). Cut-off = +/-0.05

n < 10 omitted. Some redundant or trivial correlations are not shown.

Jump to: Main Survey questions | Philosophical orientation | Background questions

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Main Survey questions

Answer Corrrelation coefficient
not Politics:communitarianism0.191
communitarianism not communitarianism
Normative Ethics
6.9%(9/129)
78.2%(101/129)
not Normative Ethics
19.9%(124/622)
61.7%(384/622)
Response pairs: 751   p-value: < 0.001
Moral judgment:cognitivism0.149
cognitivism non-cognitivism
Normative Ethics
84.1%(117/139)
10%(14/139)
not Normative Ethics
68.7%(506/736)
22.2%(164/736)
Response pairs: 875   p-value: < 0.001
Perceptual experience:sense-datum theory0.135
sense-datum theory not sense-datum theory
Normative Ethics
5.9%(5/84)
69%(58/84)
not Normative Ethics
3.7%(24/632)
81.9%(518/632)
Response pairs: 716   p-value: < 0.001
Truth:epistemic0.121
epistemic not epistemic
Normative Ethics
11.3%(14/123)
82.1%(101/123)
not Normative Ethics
6.7%(50/740)
87.2%(646/740)
Response pairs: 863   p-value: < 0.001
not Normative ethics:virtue ethics0.111
virtue ethics not virtue ethics
Normative Ethics
13.8%(17/123)
74.7%(92/123)
not Normative Ethics
22.4%(152/677)
63%(427/677)
Response pairs: 800   p-value: 0.001
Metaphilosophy:non-naturalism0.104
non-naturalism naturalism
Normative Ethics
38%(48/126)
48.4%(61/126)
not Normative Ethics
27%(197/729)
57.4%(419/729)
Response pairs: 855   p-value: 0.002
Politics:egalitarianism0.098
egalitarianism not egalitarianism
Normative Ethics
54.2%(70/129)
31%(40/129)
not Normative Ethics
40.8%(254/622)
40.8%(254/622)
Response pairs: 751   p-value: 0.007
not Politics:libertarianism0.093
libertarianism not libertarianism
Normative Ethics
10%(13/129)
75.1%(97/129)
not Normative Ethics
12.7%(79/622)
68.9%(429/622)
Response pairs: 751   p-value: 0.01
Personal identity:psychological view0.092
psychological view not psychological view
Normative Ethics
51.6%(63/122)
33.6%(41/122)
not Normative Ethics
36.1%(250/691)
41.9%(290/691)
Response pairs: 813   p-value: 0.008
Zombies:metaphysically possible0.088
metaphysically possible not metaphysically possible
Normative Ethics
34.8%(38/109)
47.7%(52/109)
not Normative Ethics
25%(179/716)
61.8%(443/716)
Response pairs: 825   p-value: 0.011
Perceptual experience:qualia theory0.078
qualia theory not qualia theory
Normative Ethics
16.6%(14/84)
58.3%(49/84)
not Normative Ethics
15.8%(100/632)
69.9%(442/632)
Response pairs: 716   p-value: 0.036
Free will:compatibilism0.076
compatibilism not compatibilism
Normative Ethics
68.8%(95/138)
23.1%(32/138)
not Normative Ethics
59.7%(455/761)
30.8%(235/761)
Response pairs: 899   p-value: 0.022
Moral motivation:externalism0.073
externalism internalism
Normative Ethics
46.2%(62/134)
40.2%(54/134)
not Normative Ethics
36.4%(232/636)
45.1%(287/636)
Response pairs: 770   p-value: 0.042
Perceptual experience:disjunctivism0.072
disjunctivism not disjunctivism
Normative Ethics
17.8%(15/84)
57.1%(48/84)
not Normative Ethics
13.7%(87/632)
71.9%(455/632)
Response pairs: 716   p-value: 0.054
Aesthetic value:objective0.072
objective subjective
Normative Ethics
56.3%(75/133)
30%(40/133)
not Normative Ethics
43.4%(331/762)
41.2%(314/762)
Response pairs: 895   p-value: 0.031
not Personal identity:biological view0.072
biological view not biological view
Normative Ethics
13.9%(17/122)
71.3%(87/122)
not Normative Ethics
20.2%(140/691)
57.8%(400/691)
Response pairs: 813   p-value: 0.04
Meta-ethics:moral realism0.067
moral realism moral anti-realism
Normative Ethics
62.5%(87/139)
23.7%(33/139)
not Normative Ethics
58.1%(440/757)
34.2%(259/757)
Response pairs: 896   p-value: 0.044
Time:A-theory0.064
A-theory B-theory
Normative Ethics
30.3%(17/56)
39.2%(22/56)
not Normative Ethics
29.6%(156/527)
46.8%(247/527)
Response pairs: 583   p-value: 0.122
God:atheism0.059
atheism theism
Normative Ethics
80.1%(109/136)
12.5%(17/136)
not Normative Ethics
72.8%(569/781)
18.3%(143/781)
Response pairs: 917   p-value: 0.074
not Free will:no free will0.058
no free will free will
Normative Ethics
8.6%(12/138)
83.3%(115/138)
not Normative Ethics
13.4%(102/761)
77.2%(588/761)
Response pairs: 899   p-value: 0.082
Knowledge claims:contextualism0.055
contextualism not contextualism
Normative Ethics
54.3%(62/114)
35.9%(41/114)
not Normative Ethics
45.3%(311/686)
42.8%(294/686)
Response pairs: 800   p-value: 0.12
Abstract objects:nominalism0.054
Platonism nominalism
Normative Ethics
35.2%(44/125)
53.6%(67/125)
not Normative Ethics
42.1%(324/769)
47.3%(364/769)
Response pairs: 894   p-value: 0.106
Normative ethics:deontology0.052
deontology not deontology
Normative Ethics
39.8%(49/123)
48.7%(60/123)
not Normative Ethics
28.3%(192/677)
57.1%(387/677)
Response pairs: 800   p-value: 0.141
Proper names:Millian0.052
Millian Fregean
Normative Ethics
45.4%(40/88)
32.9%(29/88)
not Normative Ethics
41.8%(291/695)
42%(292/695)
Response pairs: 783   p-value: 0.146
Truth:deflationary0.051
deflationary not deflationary
Normative Ethics
30%(37/123)
63.4%(78/123)
not Normative Ethics
26.2%(194/740)
67.8%(502/740)
Response pairs: 863   p-value: 0.134
Epistemic justification:internalism0.05
internalism externalism
Normative Ethics
40.9%(50/122)
45%(55/122)
not Normative Ethics
32%(239/746)
49.4%(369/746)
Response pairs: 868   p-value: 0.141
not Free will:libertarianism0.05
libertarianism not libertarianism
Normative Ethics
11.5%(16/138)
80.4%(111/138)
not Normative Ethics
14.7%(112/761)
75.9%(578/761)
Response pairs: 899   p-value: 0.134
Logic:classical0.05
non-classical classical
Normative Ethics
16.6%(16/96)
66.6%(64/96)
not Normative Ethics
24.7%(175/707)
60.2%(426/707)
Response pairs: 803   p-value: 0.156

Philosophical orientation

Answer Corrrelation coefficient
AOS:Meta-Ethics0.316
Meta-Ethics not Meta-Ethics
Normative Ethics
34.5%(48/139)
65.4%(91/139)
not Normative Ethics
6.8%(54/792)
93.1%(738/792)
Response pairs: 931   p-value: < 0.001
AOS:Social and Political Philosophy0.312
Social and Political Philosophy not Social and Political Philosophy
Normative Ethics
33.8%(47/139)
66.1%(92/139)
not Normative Ethics
6.6%(53/792)
93.3%(739/792)
Response pairs: 931   p-value: < 0.001
xian:Mill0.199
Mill not Mill
Normative Ethics
14.3%(20/139)
85.6%(119/139)
not Normative Ethics
2.7%(22/792)
97.2%(770/792)
Response pairs: 931   p-value: < 0.001
AOS:Applied Ethics0.195
Applied Ethics not Applied Ethics
Normative Ethics
14.3%(20/139)
85.6%(119/139)
not Normative Ethics
2.9%(23/792)
97%(769/792)
Response pairs: 931   p-value: < 0.001
not AOS:Metaphysics0.194
Metaphysics not Metaphysics
Normative Ethics
5%(7/139)
94.9%(132/139)
not Normative Ethics
28.6%(227/792)
71.3%(565/792)
Response pairs: 931   p-value: < 0.001
not AOS:Philosophy of Language0.191
Philosophy of Language not Philosophy of Language
Normative Ethics
~0.7%(~1/139)
~99.2%(~138/139)
not Normative Ethics
21.5%(171/792)
78.4%(621/792)
Response pairs: 931   p-value: < 0.001
not AOS:Philosophy of Mind0.175
Philosophy of Mind not Philosophy of Mind
Normative Ethics
3.5%(5/139)
96.4%(134/139)
not Normative Ethics
23.4%(186/792)
76.5%(606/792)
Response pairs: 931   p-value: < 0.001
xian:Rawls0.17
Rawls not Rawls
Normative Ethics
12.9%(18/139)
87%(121/139)
not Normative Ethics
3%(24/792)
96.9%(768/792)
Response pairs: 931   p-value: < 0.001
not AOS:Logic and Philosophy of Logic0.138
Logic and Philosophy of Logic not Logic and Philosophy of Logic
Normative Ethics
~0.7%(~1/139)
~99.2%(~138/139)
not Normative Ethics
11.6%(92/792)
88.3%(700/792)
Response pairs: 931   p-value: < 0.001
AOS:Philosophy of Law0.137
Philosophy of Law not Philosophy of Law
Normative Ethics
8.6%(12/139)
91.3%(127/139)
not Normative Ethics
2%(16/792)
97.9%(776/792)
Response pairs: 931   p-value: < 0.001
not AOS:Epistemology0.134
Epistemology not Epistemology
Normative Ethics
5%(7/139)
94.9%(132/139)
not Normative Ethics
19.3%(153/792)
80.6%(639/792)
Response pairs: 931   p-value: < 0.001
not AOS:General Philosophy of Science0.12
General Philosophy of Science not General Philosophy of Science
Normative Ethics
~0.7%(~1/139)
~99.2%(~138/139)
not Normative Ethics
11.6%(92/792)
88.3%(700/792)
Response pairs: 931   p-value: < 0.001
xian:Kant0.111
Kant not Kant
Normative Ethics
20.8%(29/139)
79.1%(110/139)
not Normative Ethics
10.6%(84/792)
89.3%(708/792)
Response pairs: 931   p-value: < 0.001
not xian:Frege0.108
Frege not Frege
Normative Ethics
~0.7%(~1/139)
~99.2%(~138/139)
not Normative Ethics
8.7%(69/792)
91.2%(723/792)
Response pairs: 931   p-value: < 0.001
not AOS:Philosophy of Physical Science0.098
Philosophy of Physical Science not Philosophy of Physical Science
Normative Ethics
~0.7%(~1/139)
~99.2%(~138/139)
not Normative Ethics
7.5%(60/792)
92.4%(732/792)
Response pairs: 931   p-value: 0.002
not xian:Carnap0.094
Carnap not Carnap
Normative Ethics
~0.7%(~1/139)
~99.2%(~138/139)
not Normative Ethics
5.6%(45/792)
94.3%(747/792)
Response pairs: 931   p-value: 0.004
not AOS:Philosophy of Cognitive Science0.093
Philosophy of Cognitive Science not Philosophy of Cognitive Science
Normative Ethics
~0.7%(~1/139)
~99.2%(~138/139)
not Normative Ethics
6.9%(55/792)
93%(737/792)
Response pairs: 931   p-value: 0.004
xian:Moore0.089
Moore not Moore
Normative Ethics
6.4%(9/139)
93.5%(130/139)
not Normative Ethics
2.2%(18/792)
97.7%(774/792)
Response pairs: 931   p-value: 0.006
not xian:Russell0.086
Russell not Russell
Normative Ethics
~0.7%(~1/139)
~99.2%(~138/139)
not Normative Ethics
7.4%(59/792)
92.5%(733/792)
Response pairs: 931   p-value: 0.008
not xian:Quine0.086
Quine not Quine
Normative Ethics
~0.7%(~1/139)
~99.2%(~138/139)
not Normative Ethics
7.4%(59/792)
92.5%(733/792)
Response pairs: 931   p-value: 0.008
not AOS:Philosophy of Mathematics0.082
Philosophy of Mathematics not Philosophy of Mathematics
Normative Ethics
~0.7%(~1/139)
~99.2%(~138/139)
not Normative Ethics
4.4%(35/792)
95.5%(757/792)
Response pairs: 931   p-value: 0.012
not AOS:Philosophy of Biology0.071
Philosophy of Biology not Philosophy of Biology
Normative Ethics
~0.7%(~1/139)
~99.2%(~138/139)
not Normative Ethics
4.6%(37/792)
95.3%(755/792)
Response pairs: 931   p-value: 0.03
not xian:Wittgenstein0.066
Wittgenstein not Wittgenstein
Normative Ethics
3.5%(5/139)
96.4%(134/139)
not Normative Ethics
8.5%(68/792)
91.4%(724/792)
Response pairs: 931   p-value: 0.044
not AOS:20th Century Philosophy0.062
20th Century Philosophy not 20th Century Philosophy
Normative Ethics
~0.7%(~1/139)
~99.2%(~138/139)
not Normative Ethics
5%(40/792)
94.9%(752/792)
Response pairs: 931   p-value: 0.058
xian:Hume0.061
Hume not Hume
Normative Ethics
20.1%(28/139)
79.8%(111/139)
not Normative Ethics
14%(111/792)
85.9%(681/792)
Response pairs: 931   p-value: 0.062
not xian:Lewis0.06
Lewis not Lewis
Normative Ethics
3.5%(5/139)
96.4%(134/139)
not Normative Ethics
8%(64/792)
91.9%(728/792)
Response pairs: 931   p-value: 0.067
not AOS:Medieval and Renaissance Philosophy0.057
Medieval and Renaissance Philosophy not Medieval and Renaissance Philosophy
Normative Ethics
~0.7%(~1/139)
~99.2%(~138/139)
not Normative Ethics
2.1%(17/792)
97.8%(775/792)
Response pairs: 931   p-value: 0.082
not AOS:Aesthetics0.055
Aesthetics not Aesthetics
Normative Ethics
~0.7%(~1/139)
~99.2%(~138/139)
not Normative Ethics
4.5%(36/792)
95.4%(756/792)
Response pairs: 931   p-value: 0.093
xian:Marx0.052
Marx not Marx
Normative Ethics
2.8%(4/139)
97.1%(135/139)
not Normative Ethics
1.1%(9/792)
98.8%(783/792)
Response pairs: 931   p-value: 0.112

Background questions

Answer Corrrelation coefficient
nationality_region:United States0.067
United States not United States
Normative Ethics
58.9%(82/139)
41%(57/139)
not Normative Ethics
49.4%(392/792)
50.5%(400/792)
Response pairs: 931   p-value: 0.04
not nationality_region:Europe0.057
Europe not Europe
Normative Ethics
7.9%(11/139)
92%(128/139)
not Normative Ethics
13.2%(105/792)
86.7%(687/792)
Response pairs: 931   p-value: 0.082