The PhilPapers SurveysHighest linear correlations (Back to contents)

Correlations with: AOS:Philosophy of Religion

N = 931 (target faculty). Cut-off = +/-0.05

n < 10 omitted. Some redundant or trivial correlations are not shown.

Jump to: Main Survey questions | Philosophical orientation | Background questions

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Main Survey questions

Answer Corrrelation coefficient
God:theism0.351
theism atheism
Philosophy of Religion
72.3%(34/47)
23.4%(11/47)
not Philosophy of Religion
11.7%(102/870)
79.4%(691/870)
Response pairs: 917   p-value: < 0.001
Free will:libertarianism0.262
libertarianism not libertarianism
Philosophy of Religion
57.4%(27/47)
38.2%(18/47)
not Philosophy of Religion
11.8%(101/852)
78.7%(671/852)
Response pairs: 899   p-value: < 0.001
not Free will:compatibilism0.207
compatibilism not compatibilism
Philosophy of Religion
25.5%(12/47)
70.2%(33/47)
not Philosophy of Religion
63.1%(538/852)
27.4%(234/852)
Response pairs: 899   p-value: < 0.001
Mind:non-physicalism0.193
physicalism non-physicalism
Philosophy of Religion
27.6%(13/47)
68%(32/47)
not Philosophy of Religion
59.2%(516/871)
28.7%(250/871)
Response pairs: 918   p-value: < 0.001
Metaphilosophy:non-naturalism0.19
non-naturalism naturalism
Philosophy of Religion
61.3%(27/44)
20.4%(9/44)
not Philosophy of Religion
26.8%(218/811)
58%(471/811)
Response pairs: 855   p-value: < 0.001
Time:A-theory0.145
B-theory A-theory
Philosophy of Religion
27%(10/37)
54%(20/37)
not Philosophy of Religion
48.3%(264/546)
27.1%(148/546)
Response pairs: 583   p-value: < 0.001
Meta-ethics:moral realism0.142
moral realism moral anti-realism
Philosophy of Religion
89.1%(41/46)
8.6%(4/46)
not Philosophy of Religion
57.1%(486/850)
33.8%(288/850)
Response pairs: 896   p-value: < 0.001
Personal identity:further-fact view0.14
further-fact view not further-fact view
Philosophy of Religion
37.2%(16/43)
51.1%(22/43)
not Philosophy of Religion
12.7%(98/770)
65.9%(508/770)
Response pairs: 813   p-value: < 0.001
Laws of nature:non-Humean0.114
non-Humean Humean
Philosophy of Religion
78.7%(37/47)
14.8%(7/47)
not Philosophy of Religion
60.7%(496/817)
29.4%(241/817)
Response pairs: 864   p-value: < 0.001
Moral judgment:cognitivism0.112
cognitivism non-cognitivism
Philosophy of Religion
91.3%(42/46)
8.6%(4/46)
not Philosophy of Religion
70%(581/829)
20.9%(174/829)
Response pairs: 875   p-value: < 0.001
Mental content:internalism0.108
externalism internalism
Philosophy of Religion
38%(16/42)
47.6%(20/42)
not Philosophy of Religion
60.8%(496/815)
24.5%(200/815)
Response pairs: 857   p-value: 0.001
not Politics:egalitarianism0.107
egalitarianism not egalitarianism
Philosophy of Religion
20%(7/35)
68.5%(24/35)
not Philosophy of Religion
44.2%(317/716)
37.7%(270/716)
Response pairs: 751   p-value: 0.003
not Personal identity:psychological view0.106
psychological view not psychological view
Philosophy of Religion
25.5%(11/43)
62.7%(27/43)
not Philosophy of Religion
39.2%(302/770)
39.4%(304/770)
Response pairs: 813   p-value: 0.002
Perceptual experience:sense-datum theory0.101
sense-datum theory not sense-datum theory
Philosophy of Religion
~2.8%(~1/35)
71.4%(25/35)
not Philosophy of Religion
3.9%(27/681)
80.9%(551/681)
Response pairs: 716   p-value: 0.006
Aesthetic value:objective0.099
objective subjective
Philosophy of Religion
67.3%(31/46)
21.7%(10/46)
not Philosophy of Religion
44.1%(375/849)
40.5%(344/849)
Response pairs: 895   p-value: 0.003
A priori knowledge:yes0.093
yes no
Philosophy of Religion
89.3%(42/47)
8.5%(4/47)
not Philosophy of Religion
71.6%(624/871)
20.2%(176/871)
Response pairs: 918   p-value: 0.004
not Normative ethics:consequentialism0.092
consequentialism not consequentialism
Philosophy of Religion
14.6%(6/41)
78%(32/41)
not Philosophy of Religion
28.1%(214/759)
57.4%(436/759)
Response pairs: 800   p-value: 0.009
Knowledge:rationalism0.091
empiricism rationalism
Philosophy of Religion
26.6%(12/45)
55.5%(25/45)
not Philosophy of Religion
42.6%(373/874)
33.4%(292/874)
Response pairs: 919   p-value: 0.005
Perceptual experience:qualia theory0.087
qualia theory not qualia theory
Philosophy of Religion
25.7%(9/35)
51.4%(18/35)
not Philosophy of Religion
15.4%(105/681)
69.4%(473/681)
Response pairs: 716   p-value: 0.019
Truth:correspondence0.085
correspondence not correspondence
Philosophy of Religion
70.4%(31/44)
20.4%(9/44)
not Philosophy of Religion
53.9%(442/819)
40.1%(329/819)
Response pairs: 863   p-value: 0.012
Newcomb's problem:one box0.084
one box two boxes
Philosophy of Religion
37.1%(13/35)
28.5%(10/35)
not Philosophy of Religion
29.9%(188/628)
46.6%(293/628)
Response pairs: 663   p-value: 0.03
Zombies:metaphysically possible0.083
metaphysically possible not metaphysically possible
Philosophy of Religion
46.5%(20/43)
44.1%(19/43)
not Philosophy of Religion
25.1%(197/782)
60.8%(476/782)
Response pairs: 825   p-value: 0.017
not Truth:deflationary0.073
deflationary not deflationary
Philosophy of Religion
11.3%(5/44)
79.5%(35/44)
not Philosophy of Religion
27.5%(226/819)
66.5%(545/819)
Response pairs: 863   p-value: 0.032
Teletransporter:death0.066
death survival
Philosophy of Religion
51.1%(22/43)
34.8%(15/43)
not Philosophy of Religion
34.9%(271/775)
43.2%(335/775)
Response pairs: 818   p-value: 0.059
Normative ethics:virtue ethics0.062
virtue ethics not virtue ethics
Philosophy of Religion
34.1%(14/41)
58.5%(24/41)
not Philosophy of Religion
20.4%(155/759)
65.2%(495/759)
Response pairs: 800   p-value: 0.079
Analytic-synthetic distinction:yes0.05
yes no
Philosophy of Religion
78.7%(37/47)
14.8%(7/47)
not Philosophy of Religion
65.2%(570/873)
28.8%(252/873)
Response pairs: 920   p-value: 0.129
Politics:libertarianism0.05
libertarianism not libertarianism
Philosophy of Religion
22.8%(8/35)
65.7%(23/35)
not Philosophy of Religion
11.7%(84/716)
70.2%(503/716)
Response pairs: 751   p-value: 0.171

Philosophical orientation

Answer Corrrelation coefficient
AOS:Medieval and Renaissance Philosophy0.151
Medieval and Renaissance Philosophy not Medieval and Renaissance Philosophy
Philosophy of Religion
10.6%(5/47)
89.3%(42/47)
not Philosophy of Religion
1.3%(12/884)
98.6%(872/884)
Response pairs: 931   p-value: < 0.001
metasurvey:accuracy0.109
accuracy ≥ median accuracy < median
Philosophy of Religion
50%(3/6)
50%(3/6)
not Philosophy of Religion
50%(102/204)
50%(102/204)
Response pairs: 210   p-value: 0.115
not AOS:Philosophy of Language0.109
Philosophy of Language not Philosophy of Language
Philosophy of Religion
~2.1%(~1/47)
~97.8%(~46/47)
not Philosophy of Religion
19.4%(172/884)
80.5%(712/884)
Response pairs: 931   p-value: < 0.001
xian:Spinoza0.093
Spinoza not Spinoza
Philosophy of Religion
8.5%(4/47)
91.4%(43/47)
not Philosophy of Religion
2%(18/884)
97.9%(866/884)
Response pairs: 931   p-value: 0.004
xian:Plato0.078
Plato not Plato
Philosophy of Religion
10.6%(5/47)
89.3%(42/47)
not Philosophy of Religion
3.6%(32/884)
96.3%(852/884)
Response pairs: 931   p-value: 0.017
xian:Leibniz0.074
Leibniz not Leibniz
Philosophy of Religion
6.3%(3/47)
93.6%(44/47)
not Philosophy of Religion
1.6%(15/884)
98.3%(869/884)
Response pairs: 931   p-value: 0.023
xian:Aristotle0.074
Aristotle not Aristotle
Philosophy of Religion
23.4%(11/47)
76.5%(36/47)
not Philosophy of Religion
12.1%(107/884)
87.8%(777/884)
Response pairs: 931   p-value: 0.023
AOS:Metaphysics0.069
Metaphysics not Metaphysics
Philosophy of Religion
38.2%(18/47)
61.7%(29/47)
not Philosophy of Religion
24.4%(216/884)
75.5%(668/884)
Response pairs: 931   p-value: 0.035
not AOS:Social and Political Philosophy0.064
Social and Political Philosophy not Social and Political Philosophy
Philosophy of Religion
~2.1%(~1/47)
~97.8%(~46/47)
not Philosophy of Religion
11.1%(99/884)
88.8%(785/884)
Response pairs: 931   p-value: 0.05
not xian:Quine0.061
Quine not Quine
Philosophy of Religion
~2.1%(~1/47)
~97.8%(~46/47)
not Philosophy of Religion
6.9%(61/884)
93%(823/884)
Response pairs: 931   p-value: 0.062
not AOS:Philosophy of Cognitive Science0.058
Philosophy of Cognitive Science not Philosophy of Cognitive Science
Philosophy of Religion
~2.1%(~1/47)
~97.8%(~46/47)
not Philosophy of Religion
6.3%(56/884)
93.6%(828/884)
Response pairs: 931   p-value: 0.076
AOS:17th/18th Century Philosophy0.055
17th/18th Century Philosophy not 17th/18th Century Philosophy
Philosophy of Religion
19.1%(9/47)
80.8%(38/47)
not Philosophy of Religion
11%(98/884)
88.9%(786/884)
Response pairs: 931   p-value: 0.093
not AOS:20th Century Philosophy0.05
20th Century Philosophy not 20th Century Philosophy
Philosophy of Religion
~2.1%(~1/47)
~97.8%(~46/47)
not Philosophy of Religion
4.7%(42/884)
95.2%(842/884)
Response pairs: 931   p-value: 0.127
not xian:Mill0.05
Mill not Mill
Philosophy of Religion
~2.1%(~1/47)
~97.8%(~46/47)
not Philosophy of Religion
4.7%(42/884)
95.2%(842/884)
Response pairs: 931   p-value: 0.127
not xian:Rawls0.05
Rawls not Rawls
Philosophy of Religion
~2.1%(~1/47)
~97.8%(~46/47)
not Philosophy of Religion
4.7%(42/884)
95.2%(842/884)
Response pairs: 931   p-value: 0.127

Background questions

Answer Corrrelation coefficient
year_of_phd-0.12
year_of_phd ≥ median year_of_phd < median
Philosophy of Religion
31.4%(11/35)
68.5%(24/35)
not Philosophy of Religion
51.3%(352/685)
48.6%(333/685)
Response pairs: 720   p-value: 0.001
year_of_birth-0.096
year_of_birth ≥ median year_of_birth < median
Philosophy of Religion
34%(16/47)
65.9%(31/47)
not Philosophy of Religion
51.2%(422/823)
48.7%(401/823)
Response pairs: 870   p-value: 0.004
nationality_region:United States0.089
United States not United States
Philosophy of Religion
70.2%(33/47)
29.7%(14/47)
not Philosophy of Religion
49.8%(441/884)
50.1%(443/884)
Response pairs: 931   p-value: 0.006
not nationality_region:Europe0.072
Europe not Europe
Philosophy of Religion
~2.1%(~1/47)
~97.8%(~46/47)
not Philosophy of Religion
13%(115/884)
86.9%(769/884)
Response pairs: 931   p-value: 0.028
not nationality_region:Other0.065
Other not Other
Philosophy of Religion
~2.1%(~1/47)
~97.8%(~46/47)
not Philosophy of Religion
7.9%(70/884)
92%(814/884)
Response pairs: 931   p-value: 0.047
not phd_region:Europe0.052
Europe not Europe
Philosophy of Religion
~2.1%(~1/47)
~97.8%(~46/47)
not Philosophy of Religion
5.2%(46/884)
94.7%(838/884)
Response pairs: 931   p-value: 0.112
not affil:region:Canada0.052
Canada not Canada
Philosophy of Religion
~2.1%(~1/47)
~97.8%(~46/47)
not Philosophy of Religion
8.8%(78/884)
91.1%(806/884)
Response pairs: 931   p-value: 0.112