The PhilPapers SurveysHighest linear correlations (Back to contents)

Correlations with: xian:Aristotle

N = 931 (target faculty). Cut-off = +/-0.05

n < 10 omitted. Some redundant or trivial correlations are not shown.

Jump to: Main Survey questions | Philosophical orientation | Background questions

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Main Survey questions

Answer Corrrelation coefficient
Normative ethics:virtue ethics0.214
virtue ethics not virtue ethics
Aristotle
45.5%(46/101)
45.5%(46/101)
not Aristotle
17.5%(123/699)
67.6%(473/699)
Response pairs: 800   p-value: < 0.001
Time:A-theory0.195
B-theory A-theory
Aristotle
31.7%(26/82)
51.2%(42/82)
not Aristotle
49.5%(248/501)
25.1%(126/501)
Response pairs: 583   p-value: < 0.001
God:theism0.142
theism atheism
Aristotle
27.3%(32/117)
60.6%(71/117)
not Aristotle
13%(104/800)
78.8%(631/800)
Response pairs: 917   p-value: < 0.001
Meta-ethics:moral realism0.142
moral realism moral anti-realism
Aristotle
75.6%(87/115)
13.9%(16/115)
not Aristotle
56.3%(440/781)
35.3%(276/781)
Response pairs: 896   p-value: < 0.001
not Normative ethics:consequentialism0.138
consequentialism not consequentialism
Aristotle
16.8%(17/101)
74.2%(75/101)
not Aristotle
29%(203/699)
56.2%(393/699)
Response pairs: 800   p-value: < 0.001
Mind:non-physicalism0.138
physicalism non-physicalism
Aristotle
39.6%(46/116)
44.8%(52/116)
not Aristotle
60.2%(483/802)
28.6%(230/802)
Response pairs: 918   p-value: < 0.001
Aesthetic value:objective0.129
objective subjective
Aristotle
58.7%(67/114)
28.9%(33/114)
not Aristotle
43.4%(339/781)
41.1%(321/781)
Response pairs: 895   p-value: < 0.001
Free will:libertarianism0.118
libertarianism not libertarianism
Aristotle
25.6%(30/117)
64.9%(76/117)
not Aristotle
12.5%(98/782)
78.3%(613/782)
Response pairs: 899   p-value: < 0.001
Moral judgment:cognitivism0.103
cognitivism non-cognitivism
Aristotle
81%(90/111)
9.9%(11/111)
not Aristotle
69.7%(533/764)
21.8%(167/764)
Response pairs: 875   p-value: 0.002
not Normative ethics:deontology0.101
deontology not deontology
Aristotle
22.7%(23/101)
68.3%(69/101)
not Aristotle
31.1%(218/699)
54%(378/699)
Response pairs: 800   p-value: 0.004
not Laws of nature:Humean0.101
Humean non-Humean
Aristotle
18.7%(21/112)
75.8%(85/112)
not Aristotle
27.9%(210/752)
61.8%(465/752)
Response pairs: 864   p-value: 0.002
not Free will:no free will0.1
no free will free will
Aristotle
5.1%(6/117)
85.4%(100/117)
not Aristotle
13.8%(108/782)
77.1%(603/782)
Response pairs: 899   p-value: 0.002
not Politics:egalitarianism0.092
egalitarianism not egalitarianism
Aristotle
34%(33/97)
49.4%(48/97)
not Aristotle
44.4%(291/654)
37.6%(246/654)
Response pairs: 751   p-value: 0.011
A priori knowledge:yes0.083
no yes
Aristotle
8.5%(10/117)
82%(96/117)
not Aristotle
20.5%(165/801)
71.7%(575/801)
Response pairs: 918   p-value: 0.011
Abstract objects:Platonism0.08
nominalism Platonism
Aristotle
32.4%(37/114)
60.5%(69/114)
not Aristotle
40.5%(316/780)
48.3%(377/780)
Response pairs: 894   p-value: 0.016
Politics:communitarianism0.076
communitarianism not communitarianism
Aristotle
25.7%(25/97)
57.7%(56/97)
not Aristotle
16.5%(108/654)
65.5%(429/654)
Response pairs: 751   p-value: 0.037
Personal identity:biological view0.076
biological view not biological view
Aristotle
31%(31/100)
57%(57/100)
not Aristotle
17.6%(126/713)
60.3%(430/713)
Response pairs: 813   p-value: 0.03
Metaphilosophy:non-naturalism0.071
naturalism non-naturalism
Aristotle
43.9%(47/107)
36.4%(39/107)
not Aristotle
56.2%(421/748)
29.1%(218/748)
Response pairs: 855   p-value: 0.037
Mental content:internalism0.068
externalism internalism
Aristotle
52.3%(56/107)
32.7%(35/107)
not Aristotle
60.8%(456/750)
24.6%(185/750)
Response pairs: 857   p-value: 0.046
Knowledge claims:contextualism0.067
contextualism not contextualism
Aristotle
53.4%(54/101)
34.6%(35/101)
not Aristotle
45.6%(319/699)
42.9%(300/699)
Response pairs: 800   p-value: 0.058
Politics:libertarianism0.066
libertarianism not libertarianism
Aristotle
17.5%(17/97)
65.9%(64/97)
not Aristotle
11.4%(75/654)
70.6%(462/654)
Response pairs: 751   p-value: 0.07
not Personal identity:psychological view0.058
psychological view not psychological view
Aristotle
38%(38/100)
50%(50/100)
not Aristotle
38.5%(275/713)
39.4%(281/713)
Response pairs: 813   p-value: 0.098
Moral motivation:internalism0.056
internalism externalism
Aristotle
50.4%(53/105)
32.3%(34/105)
not Aristotle
43.4%(289/665)
38.9%(259/665)
Response pairs: 770   p-value: 0.12
not Personal identity:further-fact view0.056
further-fact view not further-fact view
Aristotle
12%(12/100)
76%(76/100)
not Aristotle
14.3%(102/713)
63.6%(454/713)
Response pairs: 813   p-value: 0.11
Analytic-synthetic distinction:yes0.051
yes no
Aristotle
71.3%(82/115)
21.7%(25/115)
not Aristotle
65.2%(525/805)
29%(234/805)
Response pairs: 920   p-value: 0.122

Philosophical orientation

Answer Corrrelation coefficient
AOS:Ancient Greek Philosophy0.33
Ancient Greek Philosophy not Ancient Greek Philosophy
Aristotle
28.8%(34/118)
71.1%(84/118)
not Aristotle
3.6%(30/813)
96.3%(783/813)
Response pairs: 931   p-value: < 0.001
AOS:Medieval and Renaissance Philosophy0.165
Medieval and Renaissance Philosophy not Medieval and Renaissance Philosophy
Aristotle
7.6%(9/118)
92.3%(109/118)
not Aristotle
0.9%(8/813)
99%(805/813)
Response pairs: 931   p-value: < 0.001
xian:Plato0.12
Plato not Plato
Aristotle
10.1%(12/118)
89.8%(106/118)
not Aristotle
3%(25/813)
96.9%(788/813)
Response pairs: 931   p-value: < 0.001
metasurvey:accuracy-0.109
accuracy ≥ median accuracy < median
Aristotle
37.5%(9/24)
62.5%(15/24)
not Aristotle
51.6%(96/186)
48.3%(90/186)
Response pairs: 210   p-value: 0.115
AOS:Metaphysics0.106
Metaphysics not Metaphysics
Aristotle
37.2%(44/118)
62.7%(74/118)
not Aristotle
23.3%(190/813)
76.6%(623/813)
Response pairs: 931   p-value: 0.001
not xian:Frege0.084
Frege not Frege
Aristotle
~0.8%(~1/118)
~99.1%(~117/118)
not Aristotle
8.3%(68/813)
91.6%(745/813)
Response pairs: 931   p-value: 0.01
not AOS:Philosophy of Language0.081
Philosophy of Language not Philosophy of Language
Aristotle
10.1%(12/118)
89.8%(106/118)
not Aristotle
19.6%(160/813)
80.3%(653/813)
Response pairs: 931   p-value: 0.013
AOS:Philosophy of Religion0.074
Philosophy of Religion not Philosophy of Religion
Aristotle
9.3%(11/118)
90.6%(107/118)
not Aristotle
4.4%(36/813)
95.5%(777/813)
Response pairs: 931   p-value: 0.023
not xian:Quine0.074
Quine not Quine
Aristotle
~0.8%(~1/118)
~99.1%(~117/118)
not Aristotle
7.2%(59/813)
92.7%(754/813)
Response pairs: 931   p-value: 0.023
not xian:Carnap0.07
Carnap not Carnap
Aristotle
~0.8%(~1/118)
~99.1%(~117/118)
not Aristotle
5.4%(44/813)
94.5%(769/813)
Response pairs: 931   p-value: 0.032
not AOS:Epistemology0.07
Epistemology not Epistemology
Aristotle
10.1%(12/118)
89.8%(106/118)
not Aristotle
18.2%(148/813)
81.7%(665/813)
Response pairs: 931   p-value: 0.032
AOS:Applied Ethics0.069
Applied Ethics not Applied Ethics
Aristotle
8.4%(10/118)
91.5%(108/118)
not Aristotle
4%(33/813)
95.9%(780/813)
Response pairs: 931   p-value: 0.035
not AOS:Logic and Philosophy of Logic0.061
Logic and Philosophy of Logic not Logic and Philosophy of Logic
Aristotle
5%(6/118)
94.9%(112/118)
not Aristotle
10.5%(86/813)
89.4%(727/813)
Response pairs: 931   p-value: 0.062
not xian:Lewis0.058
Lewis not Lewis
Aristotle
3.3%(4/118)
96.6%(114/118)
not Aristotle
7.9%(65/813)
92%(748/813)
Response pairs: 931   p-value: 0.076
not AOS:Philosophy of Cognitive Science0.055
Philosophy of Cognitive Science not Philosophy of Cognitive Science
Aristotle
2.5%(3/118)
97.4%(115/118)
not Aristotle
6.5%(53/813)
93.4%(760/813)
Response pairs: 931   p-value: 0.093
tradition:continental0.054
continental analytic
Aristotle
5%(6/118)
83%(98/118)
not Aristotle
3.4%(28/813)
88.8%(722/813)
Response pairs: 931   p-value: 0.099
not AOS:General Philosophy of Science0.052
General Philosophy of Science not General Philosophy of Science
Aristotle
5.9%(7/118)
94%(111/118)
not Aristotle
10.7%(87/813)
89.2%(726/813)
Response pairs: 931   p-value: 0.112
not AOS:Decision Theory0.052
Decision Theory not Decision Theory
Aristotle
~0.8%(~1/118)
~99.1%(~117/118)
not Aristotle
3.6%(30/813)
96.3%(783/813)
Response pairs: 931   p-value: 0.112
not AOS:20th Century Philosophy0.051
20th Century Philosophy not 20th Century Philosophy
Aristotle
~0.8%(~1/118)
~99.1%(~117/118)
not Aristotle
4.9%(40/813)
95%(773/813)
Response pairs: 931   p-value: 0.119

Background questions

Answer Corrrelation coefficient
year_of_birth-0.149
year_of_birth ≥ median year_of_birth < median
Aristotle
38.8%(42/108)
61.1%(66/108)
not Aristotle
51.9%(396/762)
48%(366/762)
Response pairs: 870   p-value: < 0.001
year_of_phd-0.126
year_of_phd ≥ median year_of_phd < median
Aristotle
35.2%(31/88)
64.7%(57/88)
not Aristotle
52.5%(332/632)
47.4%(300/632)
Response pairs: 720   p-value: < 0.001
not phd_region:United States0.083
United States not United States
Aristotle
42.3%(50/118)
57.6%(68/118)
not Aristotle
54.8%(446/813)
45.1%(367/813)
Response pairs: 931   p-value: 0.011
phd_region:Europe0.077
Europe not Europe
Aristotle
9.3%(11/118)
90.6%(107/118)
not Aristotle
4.3%(35/813)
95.6%(778/813)
Response pairs: 931   p-value: 0.018