The PhilPapers SurveysHighest linear correlations (Back to contents)

Correlations with: xian:Frege

N = 931 (target faculty). Cut-off = +/-0.05

n < 10 omitted. Some redundant or trivial correlations are not shown.

Jump to: Main Survey questions | Philosophical orientation | Background questions

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Main Survey questions

Answer Corrrelation coefficient
Proper names:Fregean0.15
Fregean Millian
Frege
58.5%(41/70)
30%(21/70)
not Frege
33%(236/713)
49.6%(354/713)
Response pairs: 783   p-value: < 0.001
Analytic-synthetic distinction:yes0.137
yes no
Frege
84.2%(59/70)
12.8%(9/70)
not Frege
64.4%(548/850)
29.4%(250/850)
Response pairs: 920   p-value: < 0.001
Abstract objects:Platonism0.135
Platonism nominalism
Frege
62.8%(44/70)
28.5%(20/70)
not Frege
39.3%(324/824)
49.8%(411/824)
Response pairs: 894   p-value: < 0.001
Knowledge:rationalism0.132
rationalism empiricism
Frege
58.5%(41/70)
24.2%(17/70)
not Frege
32.6%(277/849)
43.2%(367/849)
Response pairs: 919   p-value: < 0.001
A priori knowledge:yes0.11
yes no
Frege
85.7%(60/70)
8.5%(6/70)
not Frege
71.4%(606/848)
20.5%(174/848)
Response pairs: 918   p-value: < 0.001
External world:non-skeptical realism0.088
non-skeptical realism not non-skeptical realism
Frege
91.4%(64/70)
5.7%(4/70)
not Frege
82.3%(696/845)
13.7%(116/845)
Response pairs: 915   p-value: 0.007
not Perceptual experience:sense-datum theory0.082
sense-datum theory not sense-datum theory
Frege
~1.5%(~1/63)
88.8%(56/63)
not Frege
4.2%(28/653)
79.6%(520/653)
Response pairs: 716   p-value: 0.028
not External world:idealism0.08
idealism not idealism
Frege
~1.4%(~1/70)
~98.5%(~69/70)
not Frege
4.7%(40/845)
91.3%(772/845)
Response pairs: 915   p-value: 0.015
Knowledge claims:invariantism0.075
invariantism not invariantism
Frege
45.3%(29/64)
42.1%(27/64)
not Frege
35.4%(261/736)
53.1%(391/736)
Response pairs: 800   p-value: 0.033
Free will:compatibilism0.071
compatibilism not compatibilism
Frege
75.3%(49/65)
18.4%(12/65)
not Frege
60%(501/834)
30.5%(255/834)
Response pairs: 899   p-value: 0.033
not Perceptual experience:qualia theory0.071
qualia theory not qualia theory
Frege
12.6%(8/63)
77.7%(49/63)
not Frege
16.2%(106/653)
67.6%(442/653)
Response pairs: 716   p-value: 0.057
Science:scientific realism0.068
scientific realism scientific anti-realism
Frege
87.1%(61/70)
10%(7/70)
not Frege
76.5%(640/836)
15.6%(131/836)
Response pairs: 906   p-value: 0.04
Trolley problem:switch0.066
switch don't switch
Frege
85.7%(54/63)
7.9%(5/63)
not Frege
73%(585/801)
11.8%(95/801)
Response pairs: 864   p-value: 0.052
not Personal identity:biological view0.059
biological view not biological view
Frege
17.2%(10/58)
67.2%(39/58)
not Frege
19.4%(147/755)
59.3%(448/755)
Response pairs: 813   p-value: 0.092
Politics:libertarianism0.058
libertarianism not libertarianism
Frege
13.4%(7/52)
65.3%(34/52)
not Frege
12.1%(85/699)
70.3%(492/699)
Response pairs: 751   p-value: 0.112
Logic:non-classical0.058
non-classical classical
Frege
33.3%(23/69)
47.8%(33/69)
not Frege
22.8%(168/734)
62.2%(457/734)
Response pairs: 803   p-value: 0.1
Meta-ethics:moral realism0.057
moral realism moral anti-realism
Frege
65.6%(44/67)
26.8%(18/67)
not Frege
58.2%(483/829)
33%(274/829)
Response pairs: 896   p-value: 0.088
Personal identity:psychological view0.057
psychological view not psychological view
Frege
48.2%(28/58)
36.2%(21/58)
not Frege
37.7%(285/755)
41%(310/755)
Response pairs: 813   p-value: 0.104
not Knowledge claims:contextualism0.055
contextualism not contextualism
Frege
39%(25/64)
48.4%(31/64)
not Frege
47.2%(348/736)
41.3%(304/736)
Response pairs: 800   p-value: 0.12
not External world:skepticism0.054
skepticism not skepticism
Frege
4.2%(3/70)
92.8%(65/70)
not Frege
4.9%(42/845)
91.1%(770/845)
Response pairs: 915   p-value: 0.102
Teletransporter:survival0.051
death survival
Frege
33.3%(21/63)
55.5%(35/63)
not Frege
36%(272/755)
41.7%(315/755)
Response pairs: 818   p-value: 0.145

Philosophical orientation

Answer Corrrelation coefficient
AOS:Philosophy of Language0.252
Philosophy of Language not Philosophy of Language
Frege
52.8%(37/70)
47.1%(33/70)
not Frege
15.6%(135/861)
84.3%(726/861)
Response pairs: 931   p-value: < 0.001
xian:Russell0.22
Russell not Russell
Frege
25.7%(18/70)
74.2%(52/70)
not Frege
4.9%(43/861)
95%(818/861)
Response pairs: 931   p-value: < 0.001
AOS:Logic and Philosophy of Logic0.192
Logic and Philosophy of Logic not Logic and Philosophy of Logic
Frege
30%(21/70)
70%(49/70)
not Frege
8.2%(71/861)
91.7%(790/861)
Response pairs: 931   p-value: < 0.001
AOS:Philosophy of Mathematics0.157
Philosophy of Mathematics not Philosophy of Mathematics
Frege
14.2%(10/70)
85.7%(60/70)
not Frege
2.9%(25/861)
97%(836/861)
Response pairs: 931   p-value: < 0.001
AOS:20th Century Philosophy0.114
20th Century Philosophy not 20th Century Philosophy
Frege
12.8%(9/70)
87.1%(61/70)
not Frege
3.8%(33/861)
96.1%(828/861)
Response pairs: 931   p-value: < 0.001
not AOS:Normative Ethics0.108
Normative Ethics not Normative Ethics
Frege
~1.4%(~1/70)
~98.5%(~69/70)
not Frege
16%(138/861)
83.9%(723/861)
Response pairs: 931   p-value: < 0.001
AOS:Philosophy of Mind0.107
Philosophy of Mind not Philosophy of Mind
Frege
35.7%(25/70)
64.2%(45/70)
not Frege
19.2%(166/861)
80.7%(695/861)
Response pairs: 931   p-value: 0.001
tradition:analytic0.098
analytic continental
Frege
~98.5%(~69/70)
~1.4%(~1/70)
not Frege
87.1%(750/861)
3.9%(34/861)
Response pairs: 931   p-value: 0.002
not AOS:Social and Political Philosophy0.098
Social and Political Philosophy not Social and Political Philosophy
Frege
~1.4%(~1/70)
~98.5%(~69/70)
not Frege
11.6%(100/861)
88.3%(761/861)
Response pairs: 931   p-value: 0.002
not xian:Aristotle0.084
Aristotle not Aristotle
Frege
~1.4%(~1/70)
~98.5%(~69/70)
not Frege
13.4%(116/861)
86.5%(745/861)
Response pairs: 931   p-value: 0.01
xian:Davidson0.078
Davidson not Davidson
Frege
11.4%(8/70)
88.5%(62/70)
not Frege
4.7%(41/861)
95.2%(820/861)
Response pairs: 931   p-value: 0.017
xian:Lewis0.074
Lewis not Lewis
Frege
14.2%(10/70)
85.7%(60/70)
not Frege
6.8%(59/861)
93.1%(802/861)
Response pairs: 931   p-value: 0.023
xian:Descartes0.074
Descartes not Descartes
Frege
5.7%(4/70)
94.2%(66/70)
not Frege
1.7%(15/861)
98.2%(846/861)
Response pairs: 931   p-value: 0.023
not AOS:General Philosophy of Science0.068
General Philosophy of Science not General Philosophy of Science
Frege
~1.4%(~1/70)
~98.5%(~69/70)
not Frege
10.6%(92/861)
89.3%(769/861)
Response pairs: 931   p-value: 0.038
not AOS:17th/18th Century Philosophy0.064
17th/18th Century Philosophy not 17th/18th Century Philosophy
Frege
4.2%(3/70)
95.7%(67/70)
not Frege
12%(104/861)
87.9%(757/861)
Response pairs: 931   p-value: 0.05
not AOS:Applied Ethics0.062
Applied Ethics not Applied Ethics
Frege
~1.4%(~1/70)
~98.5%(~69/70)
not Frege
4.9%(43/861)
95%(818/861)
Response pairs: 931   p-value: 0.058
not xian:Mill0.061
Mill not Mill
Frege
~1.4%(~1/70)
~98.5%(~69/70)
not Frege
4.8%(42/861)
95.1%(819/861)
Response pairs: 931   p-value: 0.062
not xian:Rawls0.061
Rawls not Rawls
Frege
~1.4%(~1/70)
~98.5%(~69/70)
not Frege
4.8%(42/861)
95.1%(819/861)
Response pairs: 931   p-value: 0.062
not AOS:Philosophy of Physical Science0.059
Philosophy of Physical Science not Philosophy of Physical Science
Frege
~1.4%(~1/70)
~98.5%(~69/70)
not Frege
6.9%(60/861)
93%(801/861)
Response pairs: 931   p-value: 0.071
not xian:Quine0.059
Quine not Quine
Frege
~1.4%(~1/70)
~98.5%(~69/70)
not Frege
6.9%(60/861)
93%(801/861)
Response pairs: 931   p-value: 0.071
not xian:Locke0.056
Locke not Locke
Frege
~1.4%(~1/70)
~98.5%(~69/70)
not Frege
4%(35/861)
95.9%(826/861)
Response pairs: 931   p-value: 0.087
not xian:Hume0.05
Hume not Hume
Frege
8.5%(6/70)
91.4%(64/70)
not Frege
15.4%(133/861)
84.5%(728/861)
Response pairs: 931   p-value: 0.127
not AOS:Philosophy of Law0.05
Philosophy of Law not Philosophy of Law
Frege
~1.4%(~1/70)
~98.5%(~69/70)
not Frege
3.2%(28/861)
96.7%(833/861)
Response pairs: 931   p-value: 0.127

Background questions

Answer Corrrelation coefficient
nationality_region:Europe0.114
Europe not Europe
Frege
25.7%(18/70)
74.2%(52/70)
not Frege
11.3%(98/861)
88.6%(763/861)
Response pairs: 931   p-value: < 0.001
affil:region:Europe0.101
Europe not Europe
Frege
15.7%(11/70)
84.2%(59/70)
not Frege
6%(52/861)
93.9%(809/861)
Response pairs: 931   p-value: 0.002
year_of_phd0.086
year_of_phd ≥ median year_of_phd < median
Frege
62.2%(33/53)
37.7%(20/53)
not Frege
49.4%(330/667)
50.5%(337/667)
Response pairs: 720   p-value: 0.021
not affil:region:United States0.081
United States not United States
Frege
47.1%(33/70)
52.8%(37/70)
not Frege
62.2%(536/861)
37.7%(325/861)
Response pairs: 931   p-value: 0.013
response_time0.069
response_time ≥ median response_time < median
Frege
67.6%(44/65)
32.3%(21/65)
not Frege
48.6%(409/840)
51.3%(431/840)
Response pairs: 905   p-value: 0.037
year_of_birth0.069
year_of_birth ≥ median year_of_birth < median
Frege
60.8%(42/69)
39.1%(27/69)
not Frege
49.4%(396/801)
50.5%(405/801)
Response pairs: 870   p-value: 0.041
phd_region:Europe0.066
Europe not Europe
Frege
10%(7/70)
90%(63/70)
not Frege
4.5%(39/861)
95.4%(822/861)
Response pairs: 931   p-value: 0.044
not nationality_region:United States0.062
United States not United States
Frege
40%(28/70)
60%(42/70)
not Frege
51.8%(446/861)
48.1%(415/861)
Response pairs: 931   p-value: 0.058
affil:region:Australasia0.053
Australasia not Australasia
Frege
10%(7/70)
90%(63/70)
not Frege
5.3%(46/861)
94.6%(815/861)
Response pairs: 931   p-value: 0.106