The PhilPapers SurveysHighest linear correlations (Back to contents)

Correlations with: xian:Hume

N = 931 (target faculty). Cut-off = +/-0.05

n < 10 omitted. Some redundant or trivial correlations are not shown.

Jump to: Main Survey questions | Philosophical orientation | Background questions

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Main Survey questions

Answer Corrrelation coefficient
Laws of nature:Humean0.31
Humean non-Humean
Hume
57.2%(75/131)
35.8%(47/131)
not Hume
21.2%(156/733)
68.6%(503/733)
Response pairs: 864   p-value: < 0.001
Metaphilosophy:naturalism0.242
naturalism non-naturalism
Hume
82.9%(107/129)
6.9%(9/129)
not Hume
49.7%(361/726)
34.1%(248/726)
Response pairs: 855   p-value: < 0.001
Meta-ethics:moral anti-realism0.228
moral anti-realism moral realism
Hume
50.7%(69/136)
37.5%(51/136)
not Hume
25.1%(191/760)
66.8%(508/760)
Response pairs: 896   p-value: < 0.001
Knowledge:empiricism0.211
empiricism rationalism
Hume
64.7%(90/139)
12.9%(18/139)
not Hume
37.8%(295/780)
38.3%(299/780)
Response pairs: 919   p-value: < 0.001
Abstract objects:nominalism0.211
nominalism Platonism
Hume
62.6%(84/134)
26.1%(35/134)
not Hume
35.3%(269/760)
54%(411/760)
Response pairs: 894   p-value: < 0.001
Mind:physicalism0.182
physicalism non-physicalism
Hume
79.5%(109/137)
10.9%(15/137)
not Hume
53.7%(420/781)
34.1%(267/781)
Response pairs: 918   p-value: < 0.001
Normative ethics:consequentialism0.166
consequentialism not consequentialism
Hume
44.3%(55/124)
41.1%(51/124)
not Hume
24.4%(165/676)
61.6%(417/676)
Response pairs: 800   p-value: < 0.001
not Normative ethics:deontology0.152
deontology not deontology
Hume
13.7%(17/124)
71.7%(89/124)
not Hume
33.1%(224/676)
52.9%(358/676)
Response pairs: 800   p-value: < 0.001
Aesthetic value:subjective0.151
objective subjective
Hume
29.9%(41/137)
56.9%(78/137)
not Hume
48.1%(365/758)
36.4%(276/758)
Response pairs: 895   p-value: < 0.001
God:atheism0.141
atheism theism
Hume
87.6%(121/138)
6.5%(9/138)
not Hume
71.5%(557/779)
19.3%(151/779)
Response pairs: 917   p-value: < 0.001
Moral judgment:non-cognitivism0.138
non-cognitivism cognitivism
Hume
33.3%(43/129)
60.4%(78/129)
not Hume
16.8%(126/746)
74.2%(554/746)
Response pairs: 875   p-value: < 0.001
External world:skepticism0.134
skepticism not skepticism
Hume
11.5%(16/139)
85.6%(119/139)
not Hume
3.7%(29/776)
92.2%(716/776)
Response pairs: 915   p-value: < 0.001
not Free will:libertarianism0.111
libertarianism not libertarianism
Hume
5.8%(8/136)
87.5%(119/136)
not Hume
15.7%(120/763)
74.7%(570/763)
Response pairs: 899   p-value: < 0.001
Truth:deflationary0.109
deflationary not deflationary
Hume
37.3%(46/123)
56%(69/123)
not Hume
25%(185/740)
69%(511/740)
Response pairs: 863   p-value: 0.001
Science:scientific anti-realism0.095
scientific anti-realism scientific realism
Hume
17.6%(24/136)
75%(102/136)
not Hume
11.1%(86/770)
81.4%(627/770)
Response pairs: 906   p-value: 0.004
A priori knowledge:no0.082
yes no
Hume
64.4%(89/138)
23.9%(33/138)
not Hume
73.9%(577/780)
18.8%(147/780)
Response pairs: 918   p-value: 0.012
Free will:no free will0.079
no free will free will
Hume
21.3%(29/136)
72%(98/136)
not Hume
11.1%(85/763)
79.2%(605/763)
Response pairs: 899   p-value: 0.017
not Truth:correspondence0.079
correspondence not correspondence
Hume
44.7%(55/123)
48.7%(60/123)
not Hume
56.4%(418/740)
37.5%(278/740)
Response pairs: 863   p-value: 0.02
Proper names:Millian0.077
Millian Fregean
Hume
48.3%(57/118)
34.7%(41/118)
not Hume
41.2%(274/665)
42.1%(280/665)
Response pairs: 783   p-value: 0.031
Politics:libertarianism0.077
libertarianism not libertarianism
Hume
17.5%(20/114)
67.5%(77/114)
not Hume
11.3%(72/637)
70.4%(449/637)
Response pairs: 751   p-value: 0.034
Perceptual experience:sense-datum theory0.068
sense-datum theory not sense-datum theory
Hume
6.7%(7/104)
74%(77/104)
not Hume
3.5%(22/612)
81.5%(499/612)
Response pairs: 716   p-value: 0.068
Trolley problem:switch0.067
switch don't switch
Hume
77.7%(105/135)
7.4%(10/135)
not Hume
73.2%(534/729)
12.3%(90/729)
Response pairs: 864   p-value: 0.048
Newcomb's problem:one box0.067
one box two boxes
Hume
39.2%(44/112)
41.9%(47/112)
not Hume
28.4%(157/551)
46.4%(256/551)
Response pairs: 663   p-value: 0.084
Zombies:conceivable but not metaphysically possible0.065
conceivable but not metaphysically possible not conceivable but not metaphysically possible
Hume
47%(56/119)
39.4%(47/119)
not Hume
38.9%(275/706)
47.3%(334/706)
Response pairs: 825   p-value: 0.062
Truth:epistemic0.064
epistemic not epistemic
Hume
8.9%(11/123)
84.5%(104/123)
not Hume
7.1%(53/740)
86.8%(643/740)
Response pairs: 863   p-value: 0.06
not Knowledge claims:invariantism0.06
invariantism not invariantism
Hume
31%(37/119)
62.1%(74/119)
not Hume
37.1%(253/681)
50.5%(344/681)
Response pairs: 800   p-value: 0.089
not Personal identity:further-fact view0.058
further-fact view not further-fact view
Hume
9.4%(12/127)
70%(89/127)
not Hume
14.8%(102/686)
64.2%(441/686)
Response pairs: 813   p-value: 0.098
Epistemic justification:internalism0.057
internalism externalism
Hume
36.7%(47/128)
41.4%(53/128)
not Hume
32.7%(242/740)
50.1%(371/740)
Response pairs: 868   p-value: 0.093
Time:B-theory0.057
B-theory A-theory
Hume
55.2%(47/85)
25.8%(22/85)
not Hume
45.5%(227/498)
29.3%(146/498)
Response pairs: 583   p-value: 0.169
Personal identity:psychological view0.056
psychological view not psychological view
Hume
40.9%(52/127)
38.5%(49/127)
not Hume
38%(261/686)
41.1%(282/686)
Response pairs: 813   p-value: 0.11
Logic:non-classical0.052
classical non-classical
Hume
61.5%(72/117)
21.3%(25/117)
not Hume
66.4%(456/686)
18.6%(128/686)
Response pairs: 803   p-value: 0.14

Philosophical orientation

Answer Corrrelation coefficient
AOS:Philosophy of Biology0.172
Philosophy of Biology not Philosophy of Biology
Hume
12.2%(17/139)
87.7%(122/139)
not Hume
2.6%(21/792)
97.3%(771/792)
Response pairs: 931   p-value: < 0.001
AOS:Philosophy of Probability0.131
Philosophy of Probability not Philosophy of Probability
Hume
6.4%(9/139)
93.5%(130/139)
not Hume
1.2%(10/792)
98.7%(782/792)
Response pairs: 931   p-value: < 0.001
xian:Mill0.126
Mill not Mill
Hume
10.7%(15/139)
89.2%(124/139)
not Hume
3.4%(27/792)
96.5%(765/792)
Response pairs: 931   p-value: < 0.001
AOS:Decision Theory0.107
Decision Theory not Decision Theory
Hume
7.9%(11/139)
92%(128/139)
not Hume
2.5%(20/792)
97.4%(772/792)
Response pairs: 931   p-value: 0.001
tradition:analytic0.097
analytic continental
Hume
94.9%(132/139)
~0.7%(~1/139)
not Hume
86.8%(688/792)
4.2%(34/792)
Response pairs: 931   p-value: 0.003
not AOS:Philosophy of Mind0.093
Philosophy of Mind not Philosophy of Mind
Hume
11.5%(16/139)
88.4%(123/139)
not Hume
22%(175/792)
77.9%(617/792)
Response pairs: 931   p-value: 0.004
AOS:General Philosophy of Science0.089
General Philosophy of Science not General Philosophy of Science
Hume
16.5%(23/139)
83.4%(116/139)
not Hume
8.9%(71/792)
91%(721/792)
Response pairs: 931   p-value: 0.006
not xian:Plato0.085
Plato not Plato
Hume
~0.7%(~1/139)
~99.2%(~138/139)
not Hume
4.6%(37/792)
95.3%(755/792)
Response pairs: 931   p-value: 0.009
AOS:Meta-Ethics0.084
Meta-Ethics not Meta-Ethics
Hume
17.2%(24/139)
82.7%(115/139)
not Hume
9.8%(78/792)
90.1%(714/792)
Response pairs: 931   p-value: 0.01
not AOS:Metaphysics0.082
Metaphysics not Metaphysics
Hume
16.5%(23/139)
83.4%(116/139)
not Hume
26.6%(211/792)
73.3%(581/792)
Response pairs: 931   p-value: 0.012
not AOS:20th Century Philosophy0.076
20th Century Philosophy not 20th Century Philosophy
Hume
~0.7%(~1/139)
~99.2%(~138/139)
not Hume
5.1%(41/792)
94.8%(751/792)
Response pairs: 931   p-value: 0.02
not AOS:Philosophy of Language0.075
Philosophy of Language not Philosophy of Language
Hume
11.5%(16/139)
88.4%(123/139)
not Hume
19.6%(156/792)
80.3%(636/792)
Response pairs: 931   p-value: 0.022
not AOS:Continental Philosophy0.069
Continental Philosophy not Continental Philosophy
Hume
~0.7%(~1/139)
~99.2%(~138/139)
not Hume
3.1%(25/792)
96.8%(767/792)
Response pairs: 931   p-value: 0.035
not AOS:19th Century Philosophy0.069
19th Century Philosophy not 19th Century Philosophy
Hume
~0.7%(~1/139)
~99.2%(~138/139)
not Hume
4.5%(36/792)
95.4%(756/792)
Response pairs: 931   p-value: 0.035
not AOS:Ancient Greek Philosophy0.066
Ancient Greek Philosophy not Ancient Greek Philosophy
Hume
2.8%(4/139)
97.1%(135/139)
not Hume
7.5%(60/792)
92.4%(732/792)
Response pairs: 931   p-value: 0.044
AOS:Applied Ethics0.065
Applied Ethics not Applied Ethics
Hume
7.9%(11/139)
92%(128/139)
not Hume
4%(32/792)
95.9%(760/792)
Response pairs: 931   p-value: 0.047
AOS:Normative Ethics0.061
Normative Ethics not Normative Ethics
Hume
20.1%(28/139)
79.8%(111/139)
not Hume
14%(111/792)
85.9%(681/792)
Response pairs: 931   p-value: 0.062
AOS:Philosophy of Cognitive Science0.058
Philosophy of Cognitive Science not Philosophy of Cognitive Science
Hume
9.3%(13/139)
90.6%(126/139)
not Hume
5.4%(43/792)
94.5%(749/792)
Response pairs: 931   p-value: 0.076
not xian:Hegel0.055
Hegel not Hegel
Hume
~0.7%(~1/139)
~99.2%(~138/139)
not Hume
2%(16/792)
97.9%(776/792)
Response pairs: 931   p-value: 0.093
not xian:Frege0.05
Frege not Frege
Hume
4.3%(6/139)
95.6%(133/139)
not Hume
8%(64/792)
91.9%(728/792)
Response pairs: 931   p-value: 0.127

Background questions

Answer Corrrelation coefficient
year_of_phd0.072
year_of_phd ≥ median year_of_phd < median
Hume
58.7%(64/109)
41.2%(45/109)
not Hume
48.9%(299/611)
51%(312/611)
Response pairs: 720   p-value: 0.053
not affil:region:Canada0.062
Canada not Canada
Hume
4.3%(6/139)
95.6%(133/139)
not Hume
9.2%(73/792)
90.7%(719/792)
Response pairs: 931   p-value: 0.058
not nationality_region:Other0.05
Other not Other
Hume
4.3%(6/139)
95.6%(133/139)
not Hume
8%(64/792)
91.9%(728/792)
Response pairs: 931   p-value: 0.127