The PhilPapers SurveysHighest linear correlations (Back to contents)

Correlations with: xian:Kant

N = 931 (target faculty). Cut-off = +/-0.05

n < 10 omitted. Some redundant or trivial correlations are not shown.

Jump to: Main Survey questions | Philosophical orientation | Background questions

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Main Survey questions

Answer Corrrelation coefficient
not External world:non-skeptical realism0.218
non-skeptical realism not non-skeptical realism
Kant
62.5%(70/112)
30.3%(34/112)
not Kant
85.9%(690/803)
10.7%(86/803)
Response pairs: 915   p-value: < 0.001
Normative ethics:deontology0.215
deontology not deontology
Kant
54.9%(56/102)
35.2%(36/102)
not Kant
26.5%(185/698)
58.8%(411/698)
Response pairs: 800   p-value: < 0.001
Science:scientific anti-realism0.206
scientific realism scientific anti-realism
Kant
57.4%(62/108)
34.2%(37/108)
not Kant
80%(639/798)
12.6%(101/798)
Response pairs: 906   p-value: < 0.001
External world:idealism0.203
idealism not idealism
Kant
15.1%(17/112)
77.6%(87/112)
not Kant
2.8%(23/803)
93.7%(753/803)
Response pairs: 915   p-value: < 0.001
not Normative ethics:consequentialism0.201
consequentialism not consequentialism
Kant
7.8%(8/102)
82.3%(84/102)
not Kant
30.3%(212/698)
55%(384/698)
Response pairs: 800   p-value: < 0.001
Moral motivation:internalism0.151
externalism internalism
Kant
23.5%(24/102)
56.8%(58/102)
not Kant
40.4%(270/668)
42.3%(283/668)
Response pairs: 770   p-value: < 0.001
Metaphilosophy:non-naturalism0.14
naturalism non-naturalism
Kant
40.7%(42/103)
44.6%(46/103)
not Kant
56.6%(426/752)
28%(211/752)
Response pairs: 855   p-value: < 0.001
Truth:epistemic0.131
epistemic not epistemic
Kant
18.4%(19/103)
78.6%(81/103)
not Kant
5.9%(45/760)
87.6%(666/760)
Response pairs: 863   p-value: < 0.001
God:theism0.125
atheism theism
Kant
56.6%(64/113)
26.5%(30/113)
not Kant
76.3%(614/804)
16.1%(130/804)
Response pairs: 917   p-value: < 0.001
Epistemic justification:internalism0.125
externalism internalism
Kant
37.7%(37/98)
46.9%(46/98)
not Kant
52.4%(404/770)
29.3%(226/770)
Response pairs: 868   p-value: < 0.001
not Truth:correspondence0.12
correspondence not correspondence
Kant
40.7%(42/103)
56.3%(58/103)
not Kant
56.7%(431/760)
36.8%(280/760)
Response pairs: 863   p-value: < 0.001
Time:A-theory0.108
B-theory A-theory
Kant
32.7%(20/61)
42.6%(26/61)
not Kant
48.6%(254/522)
27.2%(142/522)
Response pairs: 583   p-value: 0.009
Logic:non-classical0.105
classical non-classical
Kant
53.8%(49/91)
28.5%(26/91)
not Kant
67.2%(479/712)
17.8%(127/712)
Response pairs: 803   p-value: 0.002
Mind:non-physicalism0.105
physicalism non-physicalism
Kant
46.4%(52/112)
41.9%(47/112)
not Kant
59.1%(477/806)
29.1%(235/806)
Response pairs: 918   p-value: 0.001
Politics:egalitarianism0.102
egalitarianism not egalitarianism
Kant
56%(56/100)
29%(29/100)
not Kant
41.1%(268/651)
40.7%(265/651)
Response pairs: 751   p-value: 0.005
Meta-ethics:moral anti-realism0.101
moral realism moral anti-realism
Kant
47.3%(53/112)
40.1%(45/112)
not Kant
60.4%(474/784)
31.5%(247/784)
Response pairs: 896   p-value: 0.002
not Politics:libertarianism0.098
libertarianism not libertarianism
Kant
7%(7/100)
78%(78/100)
not Kant
13%(85/651)
68.8%(448/651)
Response pairs: 751   p-value: 0.007
Knowledge:rationalism0.089
empiricism rationalism
Kant
30.9%(35/113)
43.3%(49/113)
not Kant
43.4%(350/806)
33.2%(268/806)
Response pairs: 919   p-value: 0.006
External world:skepticism0.088
skepticism not skepticism
Kant
5.3%(6/112)
87.5%(98/112)
not Kant
4.8%(39/803)
91.7%(737/803)
Response pairs: 915   p-value: 0.007
Abstract objects:nominalism0.087
Platonism nominalism
Kant
31.7%(34/107)
58.8%(63/107)
not Kant
42.4%(334/787)
46.7%(368/787)
Response pairs: 894   p-value: 0.009
not Knowledge claims:invariantism0.084
invariantism not invariantism
Kant
25.5%(24/94)
64.8%(61/94)
not Kant
37.6%(266/706)
50.5%(357/706)
Response pairs: 800   p-value: 0.017
Knowledge claims:contextualism0.081
contextualism not contextualism
Kant
59.5%(56/94)
30.8%(29/94)
not Kant
44.9%(317/706)
43.3%(306/706)
Response pairs: 800   p-value: 0.021
Analytic-synthetic distinction:yes0.081
yes no
Kant
74.7%(83/111)
19.8%(22/111)
not Kant
64.7%(524/809)
29.2%(237/809)
Response pairs: 920   p-value: 0.013
Mental content:internalism0.081
externalism internalism
Kant
54%(54/100)
33%(33/100)
not Kant
60.5%(458/757)
24.7%(187/757)
Response pairs: 857   p-value: 0.017
Trolley problem:don't switch0.079
switch don't switch
Kant
63.7%(65/102)
16.6%(17/102)
not Kant
75.3%(574/762)
10.8%(83/762)
Response pairs: 864   p-value: 0.02
not Personal identity:biological view0.075
biological view not biological view
Kant
14%(14/100)
69%(69/100)
not Kant
20%(143/713)
58.6%(418/713)
Response pairs: 813   p-value: 0.032
not Normative ethics:virtue ethics0.068
virtue ethics not virtue ethics
Kant
19.6%(20/102)
70.5%(72/102)
not Kant
21.3%(149/698)
64%(447/698)
Response pairs: 800   p-value: 0.054
not Free will:no free will0.06
no free will free will
Kant
8.1%(9/110)
85.4%(94/110)
not Kant
13.3%(105/789)
77.1%(609/789)
Response pairs: 899   p-value: 0.072
Aesthetic value:objective0.059
subjective objective
Kant
29.7%(33/111)
51.3%(57/111)
not Kant
39.7%(312/784)
45.6%(358/784)
Response pairs: 895   p-value: 0.077
Proper names:Fregean0.056
Millian Fregean
Kant
32.1%(27/84)
50%(42/84)
not Kant
43.4%(304/699)
39.9%(279/699)
Response pairs: 783   p-value: 0.117
not Laws of nature:Humean0.056
Humean non-Humean
Kant
19.6%(21/107)
72.8%(78/107)
not Kant
27.7%(210/757)
62.3%(472/757)
Response pairs: 864   p-value: 0.099
Perceptual experience:disjunctivism0.052
disjunctivism not disjunctivism
Kant
21.4%(18/84)
63%(53/84)
not Kant
13.2%(84/632)
71.2%(450/632)
Response pairs: 716   p-value: 0.164
not Politics:communitarianism0.051
communitarianism not communitarianism
Kant
14%(14/100)
71%(71/100)
not Kant
18.2%(119/651)
63.5%(414/651)
Response pairs: 751   p-value: 0.162

Philosophical orientation

Answer Corrrelation coefficient
AOS:19th Century Philosophy0.261
19th Century Philosophy not 19th Century Philosophy
Kant
17.6%(20/113)
82.3%(93/113)
not Kant
2%(17/818)
97.9%(801/818)
Response pairs: 931   p-value: < 0.001
tradition:continental0.199
continental analytic
Kant
11.5%(13/113)
71.6%(81/113)
not Kant
2.5%(21/818)
90.3%(739/818)
Response pairs: 931   p-value: < 0.001
AOS:17th/18th Century Philosophy0.185
17th/18th Century Philosophy not 17th/18th Century Philosophy
Kant
27.4%(31/113)
72.5%(82/113)
not Kant
9.2%(76/818)
90.7%(742/818)
Response pairs: 931   p-value: < 0.001
xian:Hegel0.153
Hegel not Hegel
Kant
7%(8/113)
92.9%(105/113)
not Kant
0.9%(8/818)
99%(810/818)
Response pairs: 931   p-value: < 0.001
xian:Rawls0.141
Rawls not Rawls
Kant
12.3%(14/113)
87.6%(99/113)
not Kant
3.4%(28/818)
96.5%(790/818)
Response pairs: 931   p-value: < 0.001
not AOS:Philosophy of Language0.126
Philosophy of Language not Philosophy of Language
Kant
5.3%(6/113)
94.6%(107/113)
not Kant
20.2%(166/818)
79.7%(652/818)
Response pairs: 931   p-value: < 0.001
AOS:Aesthetics0.122
Aesthetics not Aesthetics
Kant
10.6%(12/113)
89.3%(101/113)
not Kant
3.1%(26/818)
96.8%(792/818)
Response pairs: 931   p-value: < 0.001
AOS:Normative Ethics0.111
Normative Ethics not Normative Ethics
Kant
25.6%(29/113)
74.3%(84/113)
not Kant
13.4%(110/818)
86.5%(708/818)
Response pairs: 931   p-value: < 0.001
not AOS:Metaphysics0.109
Metaphysics not Metaphysics
Kant
12.3%(14/113)
87.6%(99/113)
not Kant
26.8%(220/818)
73.1%(598/818)
Response pairs: 931   p-value: < 0.001
metasurvey:accuracy-0.103
accuracy ≥ median accuracy < median
Kant
33.3%(7/21)
66.6%(14/21)
not Kant
51.8%(98/189)
48.1%(91/189)
Response pairs: 210   p-value: 0.136
not xian:Russell0.098
Russell not Russell
Kant
~0.8%(~1/113)
~99.1%(~112/113)
not Kant
7.4%(61/818)
92.5%(757/818)
Response pairs: 931   p-value: 0.002
AOS:Social and Political Philosophy0.094
Social and Political Philosophy not Social and Political Philosophy
Kant
18.5%(21/113)
81.4%(92/113)
not Kant
9.6%(79/818)
90.3%(739/818)
Response pairs: 931   p-value: 0.004
AOS:20th Century Philosophy0.093
20th Century Philosophy not 20th Century Philosophy
Kant
9.7%(11/113)
90.2%(102/113)
not Kant
3.7%(31/818)
96.2%(787/818)
Response pairs: 931   p-value: 0.004
not AOS:Philosophy of Mind0.082
Philosophy of Mind not Philosophy of Mind
Kant
11.5%(13/113)
88.4%(100/113)
not Kant
21.7%(178/818)
78.2%(640/818)
Response pairs: 931   p-value: 0.012
xian:Wittgenstein0.075
Wittgenstein not Wittgenstein
Kant
13.2%(15/113)
86.7%(98/113)
not Kant
7%(58/818)
92.9%(760/818)
Response pairs: 931   p-value: 0.022
xian:Heidegger0.074
Heidegger not Heidegger
Kant
3.5%(4/113)
96.4%(109/113)
not Kant
0.9%(8/818)
99%(810/818)
Response pairs: 931   p-value: 0.023
not AOS:Epistemology0.073
Epistemology not Epistemology
Kant
9.7%(11/113)
90.2%(102/113)
not Kant
18.2%(149/818)
81.7%(669/818)
Response pairs: 931   p-value: 0.025
not xian:Davidson0.072
Davidson not Davidson
Kant
~0.8%(~1/113)
~99.1%(~112/113)
not Kant
5.8%(48/818)
94.1%(770/818)
Response pairs: 931   p-value: 0.028
xian:Marx0.067
Marx not Marx
Kant
3.5%(4/113)
96.4%(109/113)
not Kant
1.1%(9/818)
98.8%(809/818)
Response pairs: 931   p-value: 0.04
not xian:Lewis0.067
Lewis not Lewis
Kant
2.6%(3/113)
97.3%(110/113)
not Kant
8%(66/818)
91.9%(752/818)
Response pairs: 931   p-value: 0.04
not AOS:Logic and Philosophy of Logic0.067
Logic and Philosophy of Logic not Logic and Philosophy of Logic
Kant
4.4%(5/113)
95.5%(108/113)
not Kant
10.6%(87/818)
89.3%(731/818)
Response pairs: 931   p-value: 0.04
not xian:Moore0.064
Moore not Moore
Kant
~0.8%(~1/113)
~99.1%(~112/113)
not Kant
3.3%(27/818)
96.6%(791/818)
Response pairs: 931   p-value: 0.05
not AOS:Philosophy of Physical Science0.058
Philosophy of Physical Science not Philosophy of Physical Science
Kant
2.6%(3/113)
97.3%(110/113)
not Kant
7%(58/818)
92.9%(760/818)
Response pairs: 931   p-value: 0.076
AOS:Metaphilosophy0.054
Metaphilosophy not Metaphilosophy
Kant
4.4%(5/113)
95.5%(108/113)
not Kant
1.9%(16/818)
98%(802/818)
Response pairs: 931   p-value: 0.099
not xian:Descartes0.053
Descartes not Descartes
Kant
~0.8%(~1/113)
~99.1%(~112/113)
not Kant
2.3%(19/818)
97.6%(799/818)
Response pairs: 931   p-value: 0.106
AOS:Philosophy of Law0.05
Philosophy of Law not Philosophy of Law
Kant
5.3%(6/113)
94.6%(107/113)
not Kant
2.6%(22/818)
97.3%(796/818)
Response pairs: 931   p-value: 0.127
not AOS:Decision Theory0.05
Decision Theory not Decision Theory
Kant
~0.8%(~1/113)
~99.1%(~112/113)
not Kant
3.6%(30/818)
96.3%(788/818)
Response pairs: 931   p-value: 0.127

Background questions

Answer Corrrelation coefficient
phd_region:United Kingdom0.058
United Kingdom not United Kingdom
Kant
17.6%(20/113)
82.3%(93/113)
not Kant
11.7%(96/818)
88.2%(722/818)
Response pairs: 931   p-value: 0.076
not nationality_region:Other0.056
Other not Other
Kant
3.5%(4/113)
96.4%(109/113)
not Kant
8%(66/818)
91.9%(752/818)
Response pairs: 931   p-value: 0.087
nationality_region:Canada0.053
Canada not Canada
Kant
10.6%(12/113)
89.3%(101/113)
not Kant
6.4%(53/818)
93.5%(765/818)
Response pairs: 931   p-value: 0.106