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The PhilPapers SurveysHighest linear correlations (Back to contents)

Correlations with: xian:Leibniz

N = 931 (target faculty). Cut-off = +/-0.05

n < 10 omitted. Some redundant or trivial correlations are not shown.

Jump to: Main Survey questions | Philosophical orientation | Background questions

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Main Survey questions

Answer Corrrelation coefficient
God:theism0.117
theism atheism
Leibniz
35.2%(6/17)
41.1%(7/17)
not Leibniz
14.4%(130/900)
77.2%(695/900)
Response pairs: 917   p-value: < 0.001
Zombies:metaphysically possible0.117
metaphysically possible not metaphysically possible
Leibniz
66.6%(12/18)
22.2%(4/18)
not Leibniz
25.4%(205/807)
60.8%(491/807)
Response pairs: 825   p-value: < 0.001
Mental content:internalism0.11
externalism internalism
Leibniz
23.5%(4/17)
58.8%(10/17)
not Leibniz
60.4%(508/840)
25%(210/840)
Response pairs: 857   p-value: 0.001
Mind:non-physicalism0.11
physicalism non-physicalism
Leibniz
29.4%(5/17)
70.5%(12/17)
not Leibniz
58.1%(524/901)
29.9%(270/901)
Response pairs: 918   p-value: < 0.001
not Free will:compatibilism0.108
compatibilism not compatibilism
Leibniz
33.3%(5/15)
60%(9/15)
not Leibniz
61.6%(545/884)
29.1%(258/884)
Response pairs: 899   p-value: 0.001
not External world:non-skeptical realism0.1
non-skeptical realism not non-skeptical realism
Leibniz
55.5%(10/18)
33.3%(6/18)
not Leibniz
83.6%(750/897)
12.7%(114/897)
Response pairs: 915   p-value: 0.002
not Zombies:conceivable but not metaphysically possible0.096
conceivable but not metaphysically possible not conceivable but not metaphysically possible
Leibniz
~5.5%(~1/18)
77.7%(14/18)
not Leibniz
40.7%(329/807)
45.4%(367/807)
Response pairs: 825   p-value: 0.005
not Normative ethics:consequentialism0.091
consequentialism not consequentialism
Leibniz
~7.1%(~1/14)
~92.8%(~13/14)
not Leibniz
27.8%(219/786)
58%(456/786)
Response pairs: 800   p-value: 0.01
External world:idealism0.082
idealism not idealism
Leibniz
16.6%(3/18)
72.2%(13/18)
not Leibniz
4.1%(37/897)
92.1%(827/897)
Response pairs: 915   p-value: 0.013
Knowledge:rationalism0.079
rationalism empiricism
Leibniz
61.1%(11/18)
16.6%(3/18)
not Leibniz
34%(307/901)
42.2%(381/901)
Response pairs: 919   p-value: 0.016
Proper names:Fregean0.079
Millian Fregean
Leibniz
22.2%(4/18)
66.6%(12/18)
not Leibniz
42.7%(327/765)
40.3%(309/765)
Response pairs: 783   p-value: 0.027
Politics:libertarianism0.077
libertarianism not libertarianism
Leibniz
20%(3/15)
46.6%(7/15)
not Leibniz
12%(89/736)
70.5%(519/736)
Response pairs: 751   p-value: 0.034
Knowledge claims:invariantism0.069
invariantism not invariantism
Leibniz
60%(9/15)
26.6%(4/15)
not Leibniz
35.7%(281/785)
52.7%(414/785)
Response pairs: 800   p-value: 0.051
A priori knowledge:yes0.068
no yes
Leibniz
~5.8%(~1/17)
82.3%(14/17)
not Leibniz
19.4%(175/901)
72.9%(657/901)
Response pairs: 918   p-value: 0.039
Time:A-theory0.064
B-theory A-theory
Leibniz
37.5%(6/16)
56.2%(9/16)
not Leibniz
47.2%(268/567)
28%(159/567)
Response pairs: 583   p-value: 0.122
not Knowledge claims:contextualism0.063
contextualism not contextualism
Leibniz
20%(3/15)
66.6%(10/15)
not Leibniz
47.1%(370/785)
41.4%(325/785)
Response pairs: 800   p-value: 0.074
not Politics:egalitarianism0.062
egalitarianism not egalitarianism
Leibniz
20%(3/15)
46.6%(7/15)
not Leibniz
43.6%(321/736)
38.9%(287/736)
Response pairs: 751   p-value: 0.089
Aesthetic value:objective0.059
subjective objective
Leibniz
25%(4/16)
62.5%(10/16)
not Leibniz
38.7%(341/879)
46%(405/879)
Response pairs: 895   p-value: 0.077
Perceptual experience:sense-datum theory0.057
sense-datum theory not sense-datum theory
Leibniz
~6.6%(~1/15)
73.3%(11/15)
not Leibniz
3.8%(27/701)
80.5%(565/701)
Response pairs: 716   p-value: 0.127
Free will:libertarianism0.055
libertarianism not libertarianism
Leibniz
26.6%(4/15)
66.6%(10/15)
not Leibniz
14%(124/884)
76.8%(679/884)
Response pairs: 899   p-value: 0.099
not Perceptual experience:representationalism0.055
representationalism not representationalism
Leibniz
26.6%(4/15)
60%(9/15)
not Leibniz
41.2%(289/701)
43.2%(303/701)
Response pairs: 716   p-value: 0.141
Abstract objects:Platonism0.054
nominalism Platonism
Leibniz
23.5%(4/17)
64.7%(11/17)
not Leibniz
39.7%(349/877)
49.6%(435/877)
Response pairs: 894   p-value: 0.106
Moral motivation:internalism0.053
internalism externalism
Leibniz
62.5%(10/16)
18.7%(3/16)
not Leibniz
44%(332/754)
38.4%(290/754)
Response pairs: 770   p-value: 0.141
Metaphilosophy:non-naturalism0.051
non-naturalism naturalism
Leibniz
38.8%(7/18)
38.8%(7/18)
not Leibniz
28.4%(238/837)
56.5%(473/837)
Response pairs: 855   p-value: 0.136
Free will:no free will0.051
no free will free will
Leibniz
26.6%(4/15)
66.6%(10/15)
not Leibniz
12.4%(110/884)
78.3%(693/884)
Response pairs: 899   p-value: 0.126
Teletransporter:death0.051
survival death
Leibniz
26.6%(4/15)
60%(9/15)
not Leibniz
41.8%(336/803)
36.6%(294/803)
Response pairs: 818   p-value: 0.145
not Personal identity:psychological view0.051
psychological view not psychological view
Leibniz
25%(4/16)
56.2%(9/16)
not Leibniz
38.7%(309/797)
40.4%(322/797)
Response pairs: 813   p-value: 0.146

Philosophical orientation

Answer Corrrelation coefficient
xian:Spinoza0.183
Spinoza not Spinoza
Leibniz
22.2%(4/18)
77.7%(14/18)
not Leibniz
1.9%(18/913)
98%(895/913)
Response pairs: 931   p-value: < 0.001
AOS:17th/18th Century Philosophy0.12
17th/18th Century Philosophy not 17th/18th Century Philosophy
Leibniz
38.8%(7/18)
61.1%(11/18)
not Leibniz
10.9%(100/913)
89%(813/913)
Response pairs: 931   p-value: < 0.001
AOS:Metaphysics0.08
Metaphysics not Metaphysics
Leibniz
50%(9/18)
50%(9/18)
not Leibniz
24.6%(225/913)
75.3%(688/913)
Response pairs: 931   p-value: 0.014
AOS:Philosophy of Religion0.074
Philosophy of Religion not Philosophy of Religion
Leibniz
16.6%(3/18)
83.3%(15/18)
not Leibniz
4.8%(44/913)
95.1%(869/913)
Response pairs: 931   p-value: 0.023
AOS:Logic and Philosophy of Logic0.058
Logic and Philosophy of Logic not Logic and Philosophy of Logic
Leibniz
22.2%(4/18)
77.7%(14/18)
not Leibniz
9.6%(88/913)
90.3%(825/913)
Response pairs: 931   p-value: 0.076
AOS:General Philosophy of Science0.056
General Philosophy of Science not General Philosophy of Science
Leibniz
22.2%(4/18)
77.7%(14/18)
not Leibniz
9.8%(90/913)
90.1%(823/913)
Response pairs: 931   p-value: 0.087

Background questions

Answer Corrrelation coefficient
phd_region:Canada0.068
Canada not Canada
Leibniz
~5.5%(~1/18)
~94.4%(~17/18)
not Leibniz
2.7%(25/913)
97.2%(888/913)
Response pairs: 931   p-value: 0.038
response_time-0.065
response_time ≥ median response_time < median
Leibniz
22.2%(4/18)
77.7%(14/18)
not Leibniz
50.6%(449/887)
49.3%(438/887)
Response pairs: 905   p-value: 0.05