The PhilPapers SurveysHighest linear correlations (Back to contents)

Correlations with: xian:Spinoza

N = 931 (target faculty). Cut-off = +/-0.05

n < 10 omitted. Some redundant or trivial correlations are not shown.

Jump to: Main Survey questions | Philosophical orientation | Background questions

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Main Survey questions

Answer Corrrelation coefficient
Free will:no free will0.132
no free will free will
Spinoza
40.9%(9/22)
45.4%(10/22)
not Spinoza
11.9%(105/877)
79%(693/877)
Response pairs: 899   p-value: < 0.001
not External world:non-skeptical realism0.119
non-skeptical realism not non-skeptical realism
Spinoza
54.5%(12/22)
40.9%(9/22)
not Spinoza
83.7%(748/893)
12.4%(111/893)
Response pairs: 915   p-value: < 0.001
Zombies:inconceivable0.112
inconceivable not inconceivable
Spinoza
47.3%(9/19)
42.1%(8/19)
not Spinoza
17.3%(140/806)
68.8%(555/806)
Response pairs: 825   p-value: 0.001
External world:idealism0.11
idealism not idealism
Spinoza
22.7%(5/22)
72.7%(16/22)
not Spinoza
3.9%(35/893)
92.2%(824/893)
Response pairs: 915   p-value: < 0.001
Mental content:internalism0.105
externalism internalism
Spinoza
35%(7/20)
55%(11/20)
not Spinoza
60.3%(505/837)
24.9%(209/837)
Response pairs: 857   p-value: 0.002
not Zombies:conceivable but not metaphysically possible0.092
conceivable but not metaphysically possible not conceivable but not metaphysically possible
Spinoza
~5.2%(~1/19)
78.9%(15/19)
not Spinoza
40.8%(329/806)
45.4%(366/806)
Response pairs: 825   p-value: 0.008
not Personal identity:further-fact view0.09
further-fact view not further-fact view
Spinoza
~5%(~1/20)
85%(17/20)
not Spinoza
14.3%(114/793)
64.6%(513/793)
Response pairs: 813   p-value: 0.01
not Perceptual experience:disjunctivism0.085
disjunctivism not disjunctivism
Spinoza
~5%(~1/20)
~95%(~19/20)
not Spinoza
14.6%(102/696)
69.6%(485/696)
Response pairs: 716   p-value: 0.022
not Free will:compatibilism0.082
compatibilism not compatibilism
Spinoza
36.3%(8/22)
50%(11/22)
not Spinoza
61.8%(542/877)
29.1%(256/877)
Response pairs: 899   p-value: 0.013
not Politics:egalitarianism0.081
egalitarianism not egalitarianism
Spinoza
21%(4/19)
68.4%(13/19)
not Spinoza
43.7%(320/732)
38.3%(281/732)
Response pairs: 751   p-value: 0.026
not Truth:deflationary0.078
deflationary not deflationary
Spinoza
~4.7%(~1/21)
~95.2%(~20/21)
not Spinoza
27.3%(230/842)
66.5%(560/842)
Response pairs: 863   p-value: 0.021
Truth:epistemic0.075
epistemic not epistemic
Spinoza
28.5%(6/21)
71.4%(15/21)
not Spinoza
6.8%(58/842)
86.9%(732/842)
Response pairs: 863   p-value: 0.027
Metaphilosophy:naturalism0.073
naturalism non-naturalism
Spinoza
80.9%(17/21)
14.2%(3/21)
not Spinoza
54%(451/834)
30.4%(254/834)
Response pairs: 855   p-value: 0.032
Time:B-theory0.071
A-theory B-theory
Spinoza
20%(3/15)
66.6%(10/15)
not Spinoza
29.9%(170/568)
45.5%(259/568)
Response pairs: 583   p-value: 0.086
Personal identity:psychological view0.064
psychological view not psychological view
Spinoza
60%(12/20)
25%(5/20)
not Spinoza
37.9%(301/793)
41.1%(326/793)
Response pairs: 813   p-value: 0.068
Knowledge:rationalism0.064
empiricism rationalism
Spinoza
22.7%(5/22)
54.5%(12/22)
not Spinoza
42.3%(380/897)
34%(305/897)
Response pairs: 919   p-value: 0.052
not Personal identity:biological view0.061
biological view not biological view
Spinoza
~5%(~1/20)
75%(15/20)
not Spinoza
19.5%(155/793)
59.5%(472/793)
Response pairs: 813   p-value: 0.082
not Perceptual experience:sense-datum theory0.057
sense-datum theory not sense-datum theory
Spinoza
~5%(~1/20)
~95%(~19/20)
not Spinoza
4.1%(29/696)
80.1%(558/696)
Response pairs: 716   p-value: 0.127

Philosophical orientation

Answer Corrrelation coefficient
AOS:17th/18th Century Philosophy0.254
17th/18th Century Philosophy not 17th/18th Century Philosophy
Spinoza
63.6%(14/22)
36.3%(8/22)
not Spinoza
10.2%(93/909)
89.7%(816/909)
Response pairs: 931   p-value: < 0.001
xian:Leibniz0.183
Leibniz not Leibniz
Spinoza
18.1%(4/22)
81.8%(18/22)
not Spinoza
1.5%(14/909)
98.4%(895/909)
Response pairs: 931   p-value: < 0.001
AOS:Asian Philosophy0.12
Asian Philosophy not Asian Philosophy
Spinoza
~4.5%(~1/22)
~95.4%(~21/22)
not Spinoza
0.8%(8/909)
99.1%(901/909)
Response pairs: 931   p-value: < 0.001
metasurvey:accuracy0.111
accuracy ≥ median accuracy < median
Spinoza
~83.3%(~5/6)
~16.6%(~1/6)
not Spinoza
49%(100/204)
50.9%(104/204)
Response pairs: 210   p-value: 0.108
AOS:Philosophy of Religion0.093
Philosophy of Religion not Philosophy of Religion
Spinoza
18.1%(4/22)
81.8%(18/22)
not Spinoza
4.7%(43/909)
95.2%(866/909)
Response pairs: 931   p-value: 0.004
not AOS:Philosophy of Language0.074
Philosophy of Language not Philosophy of Language
Spinoza
~4.5%(~1/22)
~95.4%(~21/22)
not Spinoza
18.9%(172/909)
81%(737/909)
Response pairs: 931   p-value: 0.023
tradition:continental0.055
continental analytic
Spinoza
~4.5%(~1/22)
77.2%(17/22)
not Spinoza
3.5%(32/909)
88.3%(803/909)
Response pairs: 931   p-value: 0.093
not AOS:Epistemology0.052
Epistemology not Epistemology
Spinoza
~4.5%(~1/22)
~95.4%(~21/22)
not Spinoza
17.4%(159/909)
82.5%(750/909)
Response pairs: 931   p-value: 0.112
not AOS:Logic and Philosophy of Logic0.051
Logic and Philosophy of Logic not Logic and Philosophy of Logic
Spinoza
~4.5%(~1/22)
~95.4%(~21/22)
not Spinoza
10.1%(92/909)
89.8%(817/909)
Response pairs: 931   p-value: 0.119

Background questions

Answer Corrrelation coefficient
year_of_phd-0.075
year_of_phd ≥ median year_of_phd < median
Spinoza
33.3%(5/15)
66.6%(10/15)
not Spinoza
50.7%(358/705)
49.2%(347/705)
Response pairs: 720   p-value: 0.044
year_of_birth-0.064
year_of_birth ≥ median year_of_birth < median
Spinoza
36.3%(8/22)
63.6%(14/22)
not Spinoza
50.7%(430/848)
49.2%(418/848)
Response pairs: 870   p-value: 0.059
not affil:region:United Kingdom0.06
United Kingdom not United Kingdom
Spinoza
~4.5%(~1/22)
~95.4%(~21/22)
not Spinoza
20.3%(185/909)
79.6%(724/909)
Response pairs: 931   p-value: 0.067
gender:male0.054
male female
Spinoza
~95.2%(~20/21)
~4.7%(~1/21)
not Spinoza
81.2%(699/860)
18.7%(161/860)
Response pairs: 881   p-value: 0.109
affil:region:Canada0.054
Canada not Canada
Spinoza
18.1%(4/22)
81.8%(18/22)
not Spinoza
8.2%(75/909)
91.7%(834/909)
Response pairs: 931   p-value: 0.099
nationality_region:United States0.053
United States not United States
Spinoza
68.1%(15/22)
31.8%(7/22)
not Spinoza
50.4%(459/909)
49.5%(450/909)
Response pairs: 931   p-value: 0.106