The PhilPapers SurveysHighest linear correlations (Back to contents)

Correlations with: AOS:17th/18th Century Philosophy

N = 931 (target faculty). Cut-off = +/-0.05

n < 10 omitted. Some redundant or trivial correlations are not shown.

Jump to: Main Survey questions | Philosophical orientation | Background questions

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Main Survey questions

Answer Corrrelation coefficient
not External world:non-skeptical realism0.166
non-skeptical realism not non-skeptical realism
17th/18th Century Philosophy
66.9%(71/106)
28.3%(30/106)
not 17th/18th Century Philosophy
85.1%(689/809)
11.1%(90/809)
Response pairs: 915   p-value: < 0.001
External world:idealism0.165
idealism not idealism
17th/18th Century Philosophy
13.2%(14/106)
82%(87/106)
not 17th/18th Century Philosophy
3.2%(26/809)
93%(753/809)
Response pairs: 915   p-value: < 0.001
Science:scientific anti-realism0.121
scientific realism scientific anti-realism
17th/18th Century Philosophy
63.2%(67/106)
28.3%(30/106)
not 17th/18th Century Philosophy
79.2%(634/800)
13.5%(108/800)
Response pairs: 906   p-value: < 0.001
Mental content:internalism0.117
externalism internalism
17th/18th Century Philosophy
45.9%(45/98)
36.7%(36/98)
not 17th/18th Century Philosophy
61.5%(467/759)
24.2%(184/759)
Response pairs: 857   p-value: < 0.001
Moral motivation:internalism0.101
externalism internalism
17th/18th Century Philosophy
27.1%(25/92)
55.4%(51/92)
not 17th/18th Century Philosophy
39.6%(269/678)
42.7%(290/678)
Response pairs: 770   p-value: 0.005
not Zombies:conceivable but not metaphysically possible0.1
conceivable but not metaphysically possible not conceivable but not metaphysically possible
17th/18th Century Philosophy
27.8%(27/97)
60.8%(59/97)
not 17th/18th Century Philosophy
41.7%(304/728)
44.2%(322/728)
Response pairs: 825   p-value: 0.004
not Free will:compatibilism0.098
compatibilism not compatibilism
17th/18th Century Philosophy
47.6%(50/105)
41.9%(44/105)
not 17th/18th Century Philosophy
62.9%(500/794)
28%(223/794)
Response pairs: 899   p-value: 0.003
Mind:non-physicalism0.097
non-physicalism physicalism
17th/18th Century Philosophy
37.3%(40/107)
48.5%(52/107)
not 17th/18th Century Philosophy
26.5%(215/811)
62.1%(504/811)
Response pairs: 918   p-value: 0.003
God:theism0.091
theism atheism
17th/18th Century Philosophy
21.6%(23/106)
62.2%(66/106)
not 17th/18th Century Philosophy
13.9%(113/811)
78.4%(636/811)
Response pairs: 917   p-value: 0.005
External world:skepticism0.09
skepticism not skepticism
17th/18th Century Philosophy
9.4%(10/106)
85.8%(91/106)
not 17th/18th Century Philosophy
4.3%(35/809)
91.9%(744/809)
Response pairs: 915   p-value: 0.006
Epistemic justification:internalism0.09
externalism internalism
17th/18th Century Philosophy
42.4%(42/99)
37.3%(37/99)
not 17th/18th Century Philosophy
51.8%(399/769)
30.5%(235/769)
Response pairs: 868   p-value: 0.007
Newcomb's problem:one box0.09
two boxes one box
17th/18th Century Philosophy
32.3%(22/68)
38.2%(26/68)
not 17th/18th Century Philosophy
45.8%(273/595)
30.7%(183/595)
Response pairs: 663   p-value: 0.02
not Normative ethics:consequentialism0.085
consequentialism not consequentialism
17th/18th Century Philosophy
19.3%(18/93)
73.1%(68/93)
not 17th/18th Century Philosophy
28.5%(202/707)
56.5%(400/707)
Response pairs: 800   p-value: 0.016
Abstract objects:nominalism0.069
Platonism nominalism
17th/18th Century Philosophy
34.5%(37/107)
57%(61/107)
not 17th/18th Century Philosophy
42%(331/787)
47%(370/787)
Response pairs: 894   p-value: 0.039
Truth:epistemic0.067
epistemic not epistemic
17th/18th Century Philosophy
16.1%(16/99)
79.7%(79/99)
not 17th/18th Century Philosophy
6.2%(48/764)
87.4%(668/764)
Response pairs: 863   p-value: 0.049
Trolley problem:don't switch0.064
switch don't switch
17th/18th Century Philosophy
65.6%(65/99)
17.1%(17/99)
not 17th/18th Century Philosophy
75%(574/765)
10.8%(83/765)
Response pairs: 864   p-value: 0.06
Time:B-theory0.063
A-theory B-theory
17th/18th Century Philosophy
23.5%(16/68)
52.9%(36/68)
not 17th/18th Century Philosophy
30.4%(157/515)
45.2%(233/515)
Response pairs: 583   p-value: 0.128
Normative ethics:virtue ethics0.055
virtue ethics not virtue ethics
17th/18th Century Philosophy
30.1%(28/93)
62.3%(58/93)
not 17th/18th Century Philosophy
19.9%(141/707)
65.2%(461/707)
Response pairs: 800   p-value: 0.12
Metaphilosophy:non-naturalism0.053
non-naturalism naturalism
17th/18th Century Philosophy
34.3%(35/102)
53.9%(55/102)
not 17th/18th Century Philosophy
27.8%(210/753)
56.4%(425/753)
Response pairs: 855   p-value: 0.121
Logic:non-classical0.053
classical non-classical
17th/18th Century Philosophy
59.5%(53/89)
25.8%(23/89)
not 17th/18th Century Philosophy
66.5%(475/714)
18.2%(130/714)
Response pairs: 803   p-value: 0.133
not Moral judgment:cognitivism0.053
cognitivism non-cognitivism
17th/18th Century Philosophy
65.3%(66/101)
27.7%(28/101)
not 17th/18th Century Philosophy
71.9%(557/774)
19.3%(150/774)
Response pairs: 875   p-value: 0.117
Normative ethics:deontology0.05
deontology not deontology
17th/18th Century Philosophy
37.6%(35/93)
54.8%(51/93)
not 17th/18th Century Philosophy
29.1%(206/707)
56%(396/707)
Response pairs: 800   p-value: 0.157
not Perceptual experience:disjunctivism0.05
disjunctivism not disjunctivism
17th/18th Century Philosophy
9.7%(9/92)
75%(69/92)
not 17th/18th Century Philosophy
14.9%(93/624)
69.5%(434/624)
Response pairs: 716   p-value: 0.181

Philosophical orientation

Answer Corrrelation coefficient
xian:Spinoza0.254
Spinoza not Spinoza
17th/18th Century Philosophy
13%(14/107)
86.9%(93/107)
not 17th/18th Century Philosophy
0.9%(8/824)
99%(816/824)
Response pairs: 931   p-value: < 0.001
xian:Kant0.185
Kant not Kant
17th/18th Century Philosophy
28.9%(31/107)
71%(76/107)
not 17th/18th Century Philosophy
9.9%(82/824)
90%(742/824)
Response pairs: 931   p-value: < 0.001
AOS:19th Century Philosophy0.133
19th Century Philosophy not 19th Century Philosophy
17th/18th Century Philosophy
11.2%(12/107)
88.7%(95/107)
not 17th/18th Century Philosophy
3%(25/824)
96.9%(799/824)
Response pairs: 931   p-value: < 0.001
not AOS:Philosophy of Language0.128
Philosophy of Language not Philosophy of Language
17th/18th Century Philosophy
4.6%(5/107)
95.3%(102/107)
not 17th/18th Century Philosophy
20.2%(167/824)
79.7%(657/824)
Response pairs: 931   p-value: < 0.001
xian:Leibniz0.12
Leibniz not Leibniz
17th/18th Century Philosophy
6.5%(7/107)
93.4%(100/107)
not 17th/18th Century Philosophy
1.3%(11/824)
98.6%(813/824)
Response pairs: 931   p-value: < 0.001
not xian:Russell0.095
Russell not Russell
17th/18th Century Philosophy
~0.9%(~1/107)
~99%(~106/107)
not 17th/18th Century Philosophy
7.4%(61/824)
92.5%(763/824)
Response pairs: 931   p-value: 0.003
not AOS:Logic and Philosophy of Logic0.085
Logic and Philosophy of Logic not Logic and Philosophy of Logic
17th/18th Century Philosophy
2.8%(3/107)
97.1%(104/107)
not 17th/18th Century Philosophy
10.8%(89/824)
89.1%(735/824)
Response pairs: 931   p-value: 0.009
not AOS:Epistemology0.083
Epistemology not Epistemology
17th/18th Century Philosophy
8.4%(9/107)
91.5%(98/107)
not 17th/18th Century Philosophy
18.3%(151/824)
81.6%(673/824)
Response pairs: 931   p-value: 0.011
not AOS:Philosophy of Mind0.082
Philosophy of Mind not Philosophy of Mind
17th/18th Century Philosophy
11.2%(12/107)
88.7%(95/107)
not 17th/18th Century Philosophy
21.7%(179/824)
78.2%(645/824)
Response pairs: 931   p-value: 0.012
not AOS:Philosophy of Physical Science0.081
Philosophy of Physical Science not Philosophy of Physical Science
17th/18th Century Philosophy
~0.9%(~1/107)
~99%(~106/107)
not 17th/18th Century Philosophy
7.2%(60/824)
92.7%(764/824)
Response pairs: 931   p-value: 0.013
not AOS:Philosophy of Biology0.074
Philosophy of Biology not Philosophy of Biology
17th/18th Century Philosophy
~0.9%(~1/107)
~99%(~106/107)
not 17th/18th Century Philosophy
4.6%(38/824)
95.3%(786/824)
Response pairs: 931   p-value: 0.023
xian:Locke0.07
Locke not Locke
17th/18th Century Philosophy
7.4%(8/107)
92.5%(99/107)
not 17th/18th Century Philosophy
3.2%(27/824)
96.7%(797/824)
Response pairs: 931   p-value: 0.032
not AOS:Decision Theory0.066
Decision Theory not Decision Theory
17th/18th Century Philosophy
~0.9%(~1/107)
~99%(~106/107)
not 17th/18th Century Philosophy
3.7%(31/824)
96.2%(793/824)
Response pairs: 931   p-value: 0.044
not xian:Frege0.064
Frege not Frege
17th/18th Century Philosophy
2.8%(3/107)
97.1%(104/107)
not 17th/18th Century Philosophy
8.1%(67/824)
91.8%(757/824)
Response pairs: 931   p-value: 0.05
not xian:Lewis0.063
Lewis not Lewis
17th/18th Century Philosophy
2.8%(3/107)
97.1%(104/107)
not 17th/18th Century Philosophy
8%(66/824)
91.9%(758/824)
Response pairs: 931   p-value: 0.054
not AOS:Philosophy of Cognitive Science0.062
Philosophy of Cognitive Science not Philosophy of Cognitive Science
17th/18th Century Philosophy
~0.9%(~1/107)
~99%(~106/107)
not 17th/18th Century Philosophy
6.5%(54/824)
93.4%(770/824)
Response pairs: 931   p-value: 0.058
xian:Hegel0.056
Hegel not Hegel
17th/18th Century Philosophy
3.7%(4/107)
96.2%(103/107)
not 17th/18th Century Philosophy
1.4%(12/824)
98.5%(812/824)
Response pairs: 931   p-value: 0.087
AOS:Philosophy of Religion0.055
Philosophy of Religion not Philosophy of Religion
17th/18th Century Philosophy
8.4%(9/107)
91.5%(98/107)
not 17th/18th Century Philosophy
4.6%(38/824)
95.3%(786/824)
Response pairs: 931   p-value: 0.093
not AOS:General Philosophy of Science0.053
General Philosophy of Science not General Philosophy of Science
17th/18th Century Philosophy
5.6%(6/107)
94.3%(101/107)
not 17th/18th Century Philosophy
10.6%(88/824)
89.3%(736/824)
Response pairs: 931   p-value: 0.106
not AOS:Philosophy of Probability0.052
Philosophy of Probability not Philosophy of Probability
17th/18th Century Philosophy
~0.9%(~1/107)
~99%(~106/107)
not 17th/18th Century Philosophy
2.3%(19/824)
97.6%(805/824)
Response pairs: 931   p-value: 0.112
AOS:Medieval and Renaissance Philosophy0.051
Medieval and Renaissance Philosophy not Medieval and Renaissance Philosophy
17th/18th Century Philosophy
3.7%(4/107)
96.2%(103/107)
not 17th/18th Century Philosophy
1.5%(13/824)
98.4%(811/824)
Response pairs: 931   p-value: 0.119
not AOS:Meta-Ethics0.05
Meta-Ethics not Meta-Ethics
17th/18th Century Philosophy
6.5%(7/107)
93.4%(100/107)
not 17th/18th Century Philosophy
11.5%(95/824)
88.4%(729/824)
Response pairs: 931   p-value: 0.127

Background questions

Answer Corrrelation coefficient
year_of_phd-0.079
year_of_phd ≥ median year_of_phd < median
17th/18th Century Philosophy
41.6%(35/84)
58.3%(49/84)
not 17th/18th Century Philosophy
51.5%(328/636)
48.4%(308/636)
Response pairs: 720   p-value: 0.034
not nationality_region:Other0.051
Other not Other
17th/18th Century Philosophy
3.7%(4/107)
96.2%(103/107)
not 17th/18th Century Philosophy
8%(66/824)
91.9%(758/824)
Response pairs: 931   p-value: 0.119