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The PhilPapers SurveysHighest linear correlations (Back to contents)

Correlations with: metasurvey:accuracy

N = 931 (target faculty). Cut-off = +/-0.05

n < 10 omitted. Some redundant or trivial correlations are not shown.

Jump to: Main Survey questions | Philosophical orientation | Background questions

flip contingency tables

Main Survey questions

Answer Corrrelation coefficient
A priori knowledge:yes0.24
yes no
accuracy ≥ median
76.1%(80/105)
13.3%(14/105)
accuracy < median
67.3%(70/104)
22.1%(23/104)
Response pairs: 209   p-value: < 0.001
Trolley problem:switch0.223
switch don't switch
accuracy ≥ median
83.1%(84/101)
4.9%(5/101)
accuracy < median
72%(72/100)
13%(13/100)
Response pairs: 201   p-value: 0.001
Moral judgment:cognitivism0.196
cognitivism non-cognitivism
accuracy ≥ median
80.8%(80/99)
12.1%(12/99)
accuracy < median
67.6%(69/102)
22.5%(23/102)
Response pairs: 201   p-value: 0.005
Analytic-synthetic distinction:yes0.189
yes no
accuracy ≥ median
72.3%(76/105)
24.7%(26/105)
accuracy < median
59.6%(62/104)
36.5%(38/104)
Response pairs: 209   p-value: 0.006
Time:B-theory0.178
B-theory A-theory
accuracy ≥ median
55.6%(44/79)
22.7%(18/79)
accuracy < median
37.8%(25/66)
36.3%(24/66)
Response pairs: 145   p-value: 0.032
Meta-ethics:moral realism0.158
moral realism moral anti-realism
accuracy ≥ median
62.8%(66/105)
27.6%(29/105)
accuracy < median
58.4%(59/101)
34.6%(35/101)
Response pairs: 206   p-value: 0.023
Science:scientific realism0.141
scientific realism scientific anti-realism
accuracy ≥ median
87.3%(90/103)
7.7%(8/103)
accuracy < median
80.3%(82/102)
13.7%(14/102)
Response pairs: 205   p-value: 0.043
Knowledge:rationalism0.141
rationalism empiricism
accuracy ≥ median
40.3%(42/104)
36.5%(38/104)
accuracy < median
32.6%(34/104)
50%(52/104)
Response pairs: 208   p-value: 0.042
Epistemic justification:internalism0.131
externalism internalism
accuracy ≥ median
52.4%(53/101)
34.6%(35/101)
accuracy < median
58.4%(59/101)
26.7%(27/101)
Response pairs: 202   p-value: 0.063
Abstract objects:Platonism0.124
Platonism nominalism
accuracy ≥ median
49%(50/102)
44.1%(45/102)
accuracy < median
35.6%(36/101)
52.4%(53/101)
Response pairs: 203   p-value: 0.077
Mind:physicalism0.123
physicalism non-physicalism
accuracy ≥ median
70.1%(73/104)
20.1%(21/104)
accuracy < median
58%(61/105)
30.4%(32/105)
Response pairs: 209   p-value: 0.076
Free will:compatibilism0.112
compatibilism not compatibilism
accuracy ≥ median
66%(68/103)
27.1%(28/103)
accuracy < median
55.4%(56/101)
36.6%(37/101)
Response pairs: 204   p-value: 0.11
Perceptual experience:representationalism0.106
representationalism not representationalism
accuracy ≥ median
39.5%(34/86)
40.6%(35/86)
accuracy < median
31.2%(25/80)
56.2%(45/80)
Response pairs: 166   p-value: 0.174
Knowledge claims:invariantism0.106
invariantism not invariantism
accuracy ≥ median
39.3%(37/94)
50%(47/94)
accuracy < median
36.8%(35/95)
53.6%(51/95)
Response pairs: 189   p-value: 0.146
Perceptual experience:qualia theory0.1
qualia theory not qualia theory
accuracy ≥ median
18.6%(16/86)
61.6%(53/86)
accuracy < median
21.2%(17/80)
66.2%(53/80)
Response pairs: 166   p-value: 0.199
External world:non-skeptical realism0.097
non-skeptical realism not non-skeptical realism
accuracy ≥ median
88.3%(91/103)
9.7%(10/103)
accuracy < median
84.4%(87/103)
9.7%(10/103)
Response pairs: 206   p-value: 0.165
Normative ethics:consequentialism0.095
consequentialism not consequentialism
accuracy ≥ median
38.7%(36/93)
52.6%(49/93)
accuracy < median
29%(27/93)
59.1%(55/93)
Response pairs: 186   p-value: 0.197

Philosophical orientation

Answer Corrrelation coefficient
not AOS:19th Century Philosophy0.19
19th Century Philosophy not 19th Century Philosophy
accuracy ≥ median
~0.9%(~1/105)
~99%(~104/105)
accuracy < median
~0.9%(~1/105)
~99%(~104/105)
Response pairs: 210   p-value: 0.005
not AOS:Social and Political Philosophy0.171
Social and Political Philosophy not Social and Political Philosophy
accuracy ≥ median
6.6%(7/105)
93.3%(98/105)
accuracy < median
12.3%(13/105)
87.6%(92/105)
Response pairs: 210   p-value: 0.013
not xian:Rawls0.168
Rawls not Rawls
accuracy ≥ median
~0.9%(~1/105)
~99%(~104/105)
accuracy < median
8.5%(9/105)
91.4%(96/105)
Response pairs: 210   p-value: 0.014
not AOS:20th Century Philosophy0.153
20th Century Philosophy not 20th Century Philosophy
accuracy ≥ median
~0.9%(~1/105)
~99%(~104/105)
accuracy < median
11.4%(12/105)
88.5%(93/105)
Response pairs: 210   p-value: 0.026
not xian:Mill0.152
Mill not Mill
accuracy ≥ median
2.8%(3/105)
97.1%(102/105)
accuracy < median
6.6%(7/105)
93.3%(98/105)
Response pairs: 210   p-value: 0.027
not xian:Hegel0.147
Hegel not Hegel
accuracy ≥ median
~0.9%(~1/105)
~99%(~104/105)
accuracy < median
~0.9%(~1/105)
~99%(~104/105)
Response pairs: 210   p-value: 0.033
not AOS:Philosophy of Social Science0.13
Philosophy of Social Science not Philosophy of Social Science
accuracy ≥ median
~0.9%(~1/105)
~99%(~104/105)
accuracy < median
~0.9%(~1/105)
~99%(~104/105)
Response pairs: 210   p-value: 0.06
not AOS:General Philosophy of Science0.116
General Philosophy of Science not General Philosophy of Science
accuracy ≥ median
10.4%(11/105)
89.5%(94/105)
accuracy < median
13.3%(14/105)
86.6%(91/105)
Response pairs: 210   p-value: 0.093
AOS:Philosophy of Language0.111
Philosophy of Language not Philosophy of Language
accuracy ≥ median
30.4%(32/105)
69.5%(73/105)
accuracy < median
21.9%(23/105)
78%(82/105)
Response pairs: 210   p-value: 0.108
xian:Spinoza0.111
Spinoza not Spinoza
accuracy ≥ median
4.7%(5/105)
95.2%(100/105)
accuracy < median
~0.9%(~1/105)
~99%(~104/105)
Response pairs: 210   p-value: 0.108
AOS:Philosophy of Religion0.109
Philosophy of Religion not Philosophy of Religion
accuracy ≥ median
2.8%(3/105)
97.1%(102/105)
accuracy < median
2.8%(3/105)
97.1%(102/105)
Response pairs: 210   p-value: 0.115
not xian:Aristotle0.109
Aristotle not Aristotle
accuracy ≥ median
8.5%(9/105)
91.4%(96/105)
accuracy < median
14.2%(15/105)
85.7%(90/105)
Response pairs: 210   p-value: 0.115
not xian:Kant0.103
Kant not Kant
accuracy ≥ median
6.6%(7/105)
93.3%(98/105)
accuracy < median
13.3%(14/105)
86.6%(91/105)
Response pairs: 210   p-value: 0.136
not AOS:Decision Theory0.091
Decision Theory not Decision Theory
accuracy ≥ median
2.8%(3/105)
97.1%(102/105)
accuracy < median
5.7%(6/105)
94.2%(99/105)
Response pairs: 210   p-value: 0.188

Background questions

Answer Corrrelation coefficient
year_of_birth0.286
year_of_birth ≥ median year_of_birth < median
accuracy ≥ median
62.7%(64/102)
37.2%(38/102)
accuracy < median
43.6%(41/94)
56.3%(53/94)
Response pairs: 196   p-value: < 0.001
phd_region:United States0.21
United States not United States
accuracy ≥ median
61.9%(65/105)
38%(40/105)
accuracy < median
42.8%(45/105)
57.1%(60/105)
Response pairs: 210   p-value: 0.002
year_of_phd0.204
year_of_phd ≥ median year_of_phd < median
accuracy ≥ median
62.6%(57/91)
37.3%(34/91)
accuracy < median
46%(35/76)
53.9%(41/76)
Response pairs: 167   p-value: 0.008
not nationality_region:Other0.148
Other not Other
accuracy ≥ median
4.7%(5/105)
95.2%(100/105)
accuracy < median
9.5%(10/105)
90.4%(95/105)
Response pairs: 210   p-value: 0.032
not nationality_region:Canada0.144
Canada not Canada
accuracy ≥ median
3.8%(4/105)
96.1%(101/105)
accuracy < median
9.5%(10/105)
90.4%(95/105)
Response pairs: 210   p-value: 0.037
not affil:region:Canada0.124
Canada not Canada
accuracy ≥ median
5.7%(6/105)
94.2%(99/105)
accuracy < median
9.5%(10/105)
90.4%(95/105)
Response pairs: 210   p-value: 0.072
nationality_region:United States0.112
United States not United States
accuracy ≥ median
55.2%(58/105)
44.7%(47/105)
accuracy < median
42.8%(45/105)
57.1%(60/105)
Response pairs: 210   p-value: 0.105
gender:male0.109
male female
accuracy ≥ median
85.2%(87/102)
14.7%(15/102)
accuracy < median
84%(84/100)
16%(16/100)
Response pairs: 202   p-value: 0.122
nationality_region:Australasia0.101
Australasia not Australasia
accuracy ≥ median
9.5%(10/105)
90.4%(95/105)
accuracy < median
4.7%(5/105)
95.2%(100/105)
Response pairs: 210   p-value: 0.144
affil:region:Australasia0.097
Australasia not Australasia
accuracy ≥ median
8.5%(9/105)
91.4%(96/105)
accuracy < median
4.7%(5/105)
95.2%(100/105)
Response pairs: 210   p-value: 0.161