OAI Archive: Dépôt Institutionnel Numérique

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100 entries most recently downloaded from the archive "Dépôt Institutionnel Numérique"

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  1. The Persistence of Non-Identity : Spiritual Experience in Adorno.Michael Restagno - unknown
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  2. Towards a Coherent Reading of Marxian Methodology Based on the Conception of Totality.Kaveh Boveiri - 2019 - Dissertation, Université de Montréal
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  3. Sign, Meaning and Violence in Laurell K. Hamilton’s Novels : A Postmodernist Approach.Asma Mestiri - 2014 - Dissertation, Université de Montréal
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  4. The Letter is Particulary Lethal in the Wissenschaftslehre.Claude Piché - 2014 - In Tom Rockmore & Daniel Breazeale (eds.), Fichte and Transcendental Philosophy. New York, USA: Palgrave Macmillan. pp. 83-102.
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  5. The Place of Aesthetics in Fichte's Early System.Claude Piché - 2002 - In Daniel Breazeale & Tom Rockmore (eds.), New essays on Fichte's later Jena Wissenschaftslehre. Evanston, USA: Northwestern University Press. pp. 299-316.
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  6. Kant on the "Conditions of the Possibility" of Experience.Claude Piché - 2016 - In Halla Kim & Steven Hoeltzel (eds.), Transcendental Inquiry. Cham, Switzerland: Palgrave Macmillan.
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  7. Raconter À la Radio : La Narration Radiophonique Chez Walter Benjamin.Léandre Boucher-Paré - unknown
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  8. La Personne Selon Paul Ricoeur : Une Institution Narrative.Tobi Rodrigue - unknown
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  9. Fighting for the Mantle of Science : The Epistemological Foundations of Neoliberalism, 1931-1951.Martin Beddeleem - 2017 - Dissertation, Université de Montréal
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  10. The Perils of Not Thinking Like an Economist: How to Assess Value.Åbsjørn Melkevik - 2018 - Ethics and Economics 15 (2).
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  11. Ethical and Legal Implications of Whistleblowing: A View From United Arab Emirates.Akram Al Matarneh - 2018 - Ethics and Economics 15 (2).
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  12. Re-Framing the Moral Appeal of the Minimum Wage.Rojhat B. Avsar - 2018 - Ethics and Economics 15 (1).
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  13. Behavioral Economics and the Positive- Normative Distinction: Sunstein’s Choosing Not to Choose and Behavioral Economics Imperialism.John B. Davis - 2018 - Ethics and Economics 15 (1).
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  14. Environmental Sustainability and the Nexus of Economic Principles and Jewish Thought.Rebecca Leeharris & Rabbi Ed Rosenthal - 2018 - Ethics and Economics 15 (2).
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  15. Do Universities Have Moral Duties with Regard to a Human Right to Health? In Defense of Some Proposals by UAEM 1.Jos Philips - 2018 - Ethics and Economics 15 (1).
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  16. Is Luck Capabilitarianism Possible?Facundo Garcia Valverde - 2018 - Éthique Et Économique 15 (1).
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  17. Assessing How Large is the Market for Prostitution in the European Union.Philippe Adair & Oksana Nezhyvenko - 2017 - Ethics and Economics 14 (2).
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  18. Agency, Socially Contemplated.Antonio D’Agata - 2017 - Ethics and Economics 14 (2).
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  19. The Alliance Approach to Innovation: Agro- Ecological Innovations, Alliance, and Agency.Laurent Parrot & Lori Keleher - 2017 - Ethics and Economics 14 (1).
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  20. Return and Volatility Performance Comparison of Ethical and Non-Ethical Publicly-Listed Financial Services Companies.John Francis T. Diaz - 2016 - Ethics and Economics 13 (1).
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  21. The Gandarela Mountain Range and the “Resistance Space” Against Iron Ore Mining Threat: A Focus on the Contrapositions.Carolina Hermann Coelho-de-Souza - 2015 - Ethics and Economics 12 (2).
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  22. Inequality, Poverty, Two Invariance Conditions, and a Product Rule.S. Subramanian - 2016 - Éthique Et Économique 13 (2).
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  23. Population Ethics, Social Choice Theory, and Two Problems in the Measurement of Economic Poverty.Sreenivasan Subramanian & Aparajay Subramanian - 2016 - Éthique Et Économique 13 (1).
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  24. The Interest Rates and Performance of MFIs in the MENA Region: Is There a Moral Issue?Philippe Adair & Imène Berguiga - 2015 - Ethics and Economics 12 (2).
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  25. Maxims of Action in a Financial Co-Operative: Epistemological and Theoretical Issues.Alain Anquetil - 2014 - Ethics and Economics 11 (2).
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  26. An Ethical Analysis of Neoliberal Capitalism: Alternative Perspectives From Development Ethics.Nikos Astroulakis - 2014 - Ethics and Economics 11 (2).
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  27. Non-Consequentialist Utilitarianism.Nir Eyal - 2014 - Ethics and Economics 11 (2).
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  28. Sen and Nussbaum: Agency and Capability- Expansion1.Lori Keleher - 2014 - Ethics and Economics 11 (2).
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  29. Comptes Rendus: Gaëtan Mortier, 2013, Finance Éthique : Le Grand Malentendu, Paris : FYP Éditions, Collection Stimulo, 96 Pages; Caroline S. Hart 2013, Aspirations, Education and Social Justice. Applying Sen and Bourdieu, London/New York, Bloomsbury.Marc Solinhac & Jérôme Ballet - 2013 - Ethics and Economics 10 (2).
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  30. Teaching Note. Suicide or Work-Related Accident? Let There Be No Ceremony Between Us!Vincent Calvez & Kate Kearin - 2010 - Ethics and Economics 7 (1).
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  31. Praxiology of Evil: Thinking About Threats and Their Effectiveness.Timo Airaksinen - 2008 - Ethics and Economics 6 (1).
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  32. Character and Professionalism in the Context of Developing Countries – the Example of Mercenaries.Patrick Giddy - 2006 - Ethics and Economics 4 (2).
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  33. Ordered Model Processes, Reference Declaration And The Economic Organization: Implications For A Balanced Scorecard Contextual Framework.Randall Jenkins - 2007 - Ethics and Economics 5 (1).
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  34. Who has Responsibility for Access to Essential Medical Drugs in the Developing World?Amitava Banerjee - 2006 - Ethics and Economics 4 (2).
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  35. The Human Right to Water - Normative Foundations and Ethical Implications.Barbara Bleisch - 2006 - Ethics and Economics 4 (2).
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  36. Equality and Value-Holism.Paul Bou-Habib - 2007 - Ethics and Economics 5 (1).
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  37. What Is the Point of Development Ethics?Des Gasper - 2006 - Ethics and Economics 4 (2).
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  38. The Obligations of Transnational Corporations in the Global Context.Regina Kreide - 2006 - Ethics and Economics 4 (2).
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  39. Ethic of Care Versus Ethic of Justice? The Gender- Corruption Nexus: Testing the New Conventional Wisdom.Namawu Alolo - 2006 - Ethics and Economics 4 (2).
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  40. Teaching Ethics to Employees of a State Public Utilities Company in a Developing Country: A Case Study.Luis Camacho - 2006 - Ethics and Economics 4 (2).
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  41. Leadership Ethics and the Problem of Dirty Hands in the Political Economy of Contemporary Africa.Sirkku K. Hellsten - 2006 - Ethics and Economics 4 (2).
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  42. Bribery: An Exploration of Uganda Perspectives.Sango A. Mwanahewa - 2006 - Ethics and Economics 4 (2).
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  43. An Egalitarian Argument in Favour of Free Access to Healthcare and Rationing.François Blais - 2004 - Ethics and Economics 2 (1).
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  44. Critique de la Religion Positive d'Emmanuel Kant.Mehdi Benhabra - unknown
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  45. La Figure Socratique Chez Hannah Arendt.Chloé Patenaude Boulanger - unknown
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  46. Moral Responsibility : Positive Response to the Degradation of Nature Operated by Man.Fednold Thelisdort - unknown
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  47. Analysis of the Religious Practices of Hindus at Saint Joseph's Oratory : Transmission of Christian Faith After the Second Vatican Council.John Jomon Kalladanthiyil - 2018 - Dissertation, Université de Montréal
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  48. Les Implications Normatives de la Conceptualisation de l'Anorexia Nervosa.Maude Sills-Néron - unknown
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  49. Two Principles of Justice in the Philosophy of John Rawls and Libertarian Critique of Robert Nozick.Driton Syla - unknown
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  50. Le Sens Dans la Vie Revisité Par Susan Wolf.Lynda Champagne - unknown
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  51. Interview with Jay Drydyk.Jérôme Ballet & Jay Drydyk - unknown
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  52. Securing Tenure for Sustainable Livelihoods: A Case of Women Land Ownership in Anglophone Cameroon.Lawrence F. Fombe, Irene F. Sama-Lang, Lotsmart Fonjong & Athanasia Mbah-Fongkimeh - unknown
    The majority of women in Third World countries depend on land for their livelihood. Security of tenure is important for them to ensure sustainable development, especially in rural areas. In most parts of Africa, land ownership is affected by traditional values, inheritance rights, and government influence. These forces have provided varying types of tenure which are detrimental to the women in rural and urban areas. Land acquisition and its development has been an emotive issue due to traditional pressures and the (...)
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  53. A Tangled Web? Asking the Gender Question in the Multilateral Development Banks’ Law and Justice Policies in India.Ahalini Iyengar - unknown
    Over the course of the last two decades, IFIs have begun acknowledging the centrality of human development as an essential element of the economic development process if the growth aimed at is to be holistic and sustainable. Strikingly, there is no agreement on the manner in which this approach is to be achieved, especially in the field of gender and development. This paper focuses on the issue of whether the Multilateral Development Banks’ policies have truly attempted at implementing their stated (...)
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  54. Global Justice, Basic Goods and the Sufficiency Threshold Claim.Mario Solis - unknown
    This paper deals with a prevailing assumption that basic goods are accessory to claims of justice. Against such an assumption, the paper advances the idea that basic goods are fundamental as a matter of justice. The paper then addresses the question as to what is the elemental justifiability of a social minimum and how that relates to theories of justice, particularly to emerging theories of global justice. The arguments against the aforementioned assumption call upon the strengths of a general theory (...)
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  55. Introduction.Mario Solis & Jay Drydyk - unknown
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  56. Adam Smith, Moral Motivation and Business Ethics.Karin Brown - unknown
    This paper shows how Adam Smith’s concept of moral motivation applies to business ethics and ethical consumption. Moral motivation for Smith is embedded in his moral psychology and his theory of virtue, particularly in terms of socialization and our social interactions and in his view that people always seek approval for their conduct, either though actual or ideal spectators. It follows that right conduct depends on the spectator’s awareness of one’s conduct. Thus concerning business ethics, transparency and accountability are essential, (...)
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  57. Happiness and Politics.Xavier Landes - unknown
    Over the last thirty years, happiness research in psychology, economics and philosophy has been discussing the proper meaning of happiness and its main determinants. Moreover, the idea has spread within academic and political circles that it may be legitimate for institutions to engage in “politics of happiness”. This article presents a critique of the project of promoting happiness through public policies.
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  58. Vitalizing Philanthropy: The Emergence of Indigenous Philanthropy and its Implications for Civil Society Throughout the Developing World.Evan Axelrad - unknown
    As developing countries have become more integrated within the global economy, new, developing world-based economic elites have emerged as important philanthropists and development actors. The burgeoning trend of indigenous philanthropy holds particularly important implications for traditionally resource scarce civil society throughout the developing world. Unlike their Western – and particularly US based – counterparts, these foundations emerged from the context in which they focus their projects. This paper explores whether and how the rise of an indigenous philanthropic sector holds promise (...)
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  59. Moral Loopholes in the Global Economic Environment: Why Well-Intentioned Organizations Act in Harmful Ways.S. L. Reiter - unknown
    Thomas Pogge’s notion of moral loopholes serves to provide support for two claims: first, that the ethical code of the global economic order contains moral loopholes that allow participants in special social arrangements to reduce their obligations to those outside the social arrangement, which leads to morally objectionable actions for which no party feels responsible and that are also counterproductive to the overall objective of the economic system; and, second, that these moral loopholes are more likely to exist as our (...)
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  60. Challenging Indifference to Extreme Poverty: Considering Southern Perspectives on Global Citizenship and Change.Barbara Heron - unknown
    Canadian universities are expanding opportunities for students to travel, study, volunteer and work abroad for academic credit, especially in regions of the global south often called “developing countries.” It is widely assumed that exposure to extreme poverty through shortterm placements overseas will make young Canadians and other Northerners into “global citizens” who would by definition be incapable of indifference to the lack of freedom that accompanies extreme poverty. This paper asks whether it is warranted for Northerners to attain a claim (...)
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  61. Depoliticization, Instrumentalization and Legitimacy of Czech Development Cooperation: A Case of Imposed Altruism?Ondřej Horký - unknown
    This paper draws on James Ferguson’s concept of ‘anti-politics machine’ and Pierre Bourdieu’s concept of illusio to explore the nature of the international development cooperation programmes financed by the Czech government. It argues that its character as an ‘anti-politics machine’ turns development into a highly technical issue and dismisses essential political questions of global equity and policy coherence from the public debate. Moreover, the actors in the field of development cooperation are held in an illusio: they are required to appear (...)
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  62. The Ethics of Refugee Aid.Shiva Nourpanah - unknown
    This paper examines the ethics of refugee aid, attempting to answer “Why do States engage in refugee aid?” Moving beyond the simplistic answer based on the notion of charity, which demonstrably fits ill with the essentially positivist methodology of conducting refugee aid, an ethical model is construed based on the Weberian concept of action as an instrument of rationality. This is supported with critical readings from Hannah Arendt, amongst others, and also my own experiences as a former UNHCR aid worker. (...)
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  63. Suicide or Work-Related Accident? Let There Be No Ceremony Between Us!Vincent Calvez & Kate Kearin - unknown
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  64. NGO Duties in Relation to Human Rights. A Closer Look at One Proposal.Jos Philips - unknown
    This paper investigates the moral duties that human rights NGOs, such as Amnesty International, and development NGOs, such as Oxfam, have in relation to human rights – especially in relation to the human right to a decent standard of living. The mentioned NGOs are powerful new agents on the global scene, and according to many they might be duty-bearers in relation to human rights. However, until now their moral duties have hardly been investigated. The present paper investigates NGO duties in (...)
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  65. Just Certification.Virginie Diaz Piedregal - unknown
    Through the justice principles –equality, time, status, need, efficiency and worth– developed by Jon Elster, we show in this article how fair trade certification for producers is legitimatised by stakeholders. Based on a field investigation with coffee growers in Peru, Ecuador and Bolivia and with fair trade organisations in the North, the analysis firstly reviews just certification according to the impersonal criteria of “mechanical” justice, such as equality, time and efficiency. The second section looks at more individualised criteria such as (...)
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  66. Relating Fragile States to Social and Human Fragilities.Jean-Luc Dubois, Patricia Huyghebaert & Anne-Sophie Brouillet - unknown
    Fragile States is a way of naming this particular category of states that have weak performance, insufficient service delivery, weak administrative and government power, and lack of legal rules. Little consideration is usually made to the fact that their own societies may also be fragile and easily jeopardised by inappropriate economic measures or external events. Poverty traps and social exclusion, unjust inequalities with lack of equity, feelings of insecurity and vulnerability, usually undermine the social fabric. Moreover, the people bear their (...)
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  67. Certification of Community-Based Forest Enterprises : Limits of the Brazilian Experiences.Isabel Garcia Drigo, Marie Gabrielle Piketty & Ricardo Abramovay - unknown
    The Brazilian Amazon is one of the world’s largest tropical forests. It supplies more than 80 % of Brazil’s timber production and makes this nation the second largest producer of tropical wood. The forestry sector is of major importance in terms of economic production and employment creation. However, the Brazilian Amazon is also known for its high deforestation rate and for its rather unsustainably managed timber resources, a fact which puts in the balance the long-term future of the forestry sector (...)
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  68. Market Failure, Justice, and Preferences.Colin Macleod - unknown
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  69. Ordered Conflict Resolution.Randall Jenkins - unknown
    Ordered conflict resolution: understanding her tenets cost Keynes his life and Arrow to live under extortionate threat. Now that the Supreme Court of the United States has conquered the Informal Capital Market Cartel’s stranglehold on academic freedom, the literature can now vindicate impossibility- resolved social choice theory in the venue of a marriage between ethics and economics; as Sen has pled need be the case. This paper introduces ordered conflict resolution and her two impossibility-resolving axioms in effecting well-being transitivity.
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  70. Market Failure: Compared to What?Geoffrey Brennan - unknown
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  71. Desert and Distributive Efficiency.Teun J. Dekker - unknown
    It is highly desirable for an allocation of goods to be efficient. However, one might also deem it important that an allocation gives individuals what they deserve. This paper investigates whether it is possible for an allocation to be both efficient and give people what they deserve. It will first of all consider comparative desert, and conclude that it is possible to satisfy both desiderata. It will then consider absolute desert by integrating Shelly Kagan’s work on desert and economic theory. (...)
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  72. Market Failure, Government Failure, and the Hard Problems of Cooperation.Daniel M. Hausman - unknown
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  73. Market Failure, Inequality and Redistribution.Dufour Jean-Marie - unknown
    We consider the following question: does market failure justify redistribution? We argue that the general answer to this question is no, in the sense that policies for correcting market failures do not aim at producing a "desirable" income distribution. This follows from the fact that, by construction, market failure is a deviation from "efficiency" that does not involve any notion of a desirable distribution of welfare. However, there are special cases where a "corrective measure" involving redistribution can offset a market (...)
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  74. Does Market Failure Justify Redistribution?Dietsch Peter - unknown
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  75. Interview with Professor Thomas Pogge.Thomas Pogge & Sandrine Berges - unknown
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  76. Is Microfinance an Ethical Way to Provide Financial Services to the Poor?Annabel Vanroose - unknown
    Microfinance is increasingly seen as a major development tool. Its promise to help the poor by providing financial services is seen as the major reason for its support. Nevertheless, its ability to effectively reduce poverty is not yet clear, and it generates some unresolved ethical questions. These become even more prominent in the process of commercialization. The impact on poverty is usually measured in financial terms. In this paper, poverty is defined in a broader sense to include deficiency in human (...)
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  77. Fair Interest Rates When Lending to the Poor.Marek Hudon - unknown
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  78. The Ethics of Microfinance and Cooperation.Vamsi Vakulabharanam & Sripad Motiram - unknown
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  79. Interview with Jonathan Wolff.Jonathan Wolff & Berges Sandrine - unknown
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  80. Towards a Symmetrical World: Migration and International Law.Philip Cole - unknown
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  81. Introduction: Working in Development Ethics – a Tribute to Denis Goulet.Des Gasper - unknown
    Denis Goulet was probably the main founder of work on ‘development ethics’ as a self-conscious field that treats the ethical and value questions posed by development theory, planning and practice. This overview of a selection of papers presented at a conference of the International Development Ethics Association surveys Goulet’s work and compares it with issues and approaches in the selected papers. Ideas raised by Goulet provide a framework for discussing the set of papers, which especially consider corruption, professional ethics and (...)
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  82. Right to Universal Mobility: A Consequentialist Cosmopolitan Reading.Raffaele Marchetti - unknown
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  83. How Political and Legal Theorists Can Change Admission Laws.Bas Schotel - unknown
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  84. Interview with Pr. Peter Singer.Peter Singer & Julien Delord - unknown
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  85. Religion and Clothing: The Capabilities Approach Considered.Sandrine Berges - unknown
    Proponents of the capabilities approach claim that it should be used to give guidance for the implementation of good constitutional laws. This suggests that it also gives us grounds to support attempts to create or protect constitutions based on something like the capabilities approach. The Turkish Republic claims that in order to protect secularism and the equal status of women, it needs to keep certain Islamic practices away from the public domain. The wearing of the headscarf has been singled out (...)
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  86. The Money Question and the Good Life.Philips Jos - unknown
    This paper proposes a theory of the good life for use in answering the question how much money the rich should spend on fighting poverty. The paper moves from the abstract to the concrete. To begin with, it investigates various ways to get an answer to the question what is good, and finds itself drawn to objective theories of the good. It then develops, taking Bernard Williams and Martha Nussbaum as its guides, a broad outline of a theory of the (...)
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  87. Interview with Professor Philip Pettit.Philip Pettit & Sandrine Berges - unknown
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  88. Working Children: Their Agency and Self-Organization.Marten P. van den Berge - unknown
    In recent years, ‘agency’ has appeared in academic writings as a new way of referring to active involvement from below in development interventions. The concept of ‘agency’ starts from the assumption that people are actually agents themselves, continuously acting in and reacting to circumstances. In child labour activism, this concept has been applied to working children in the understanding that, in order to improve their working conditions, children should be organised in organizations that are exclusively for and run by working (...)
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  89. Companies’ Practices and Social Responsibility: Cases of Companies in the French Tourist Sector.Amina Béji-bécheur & Faouzi Bensebaa - unknown
    This article examines the firms’practices in the French tourist sector. By confronting the concepts defined in the literature on the social responsibility and what really happens in companies, the current research shows that the studied firms implement a minimal social responsibility which remains well below the expectation level of some stakeholders. This situation is explained by several factors, namely structural. Finally, the paper suggests ways to improve the concept of social responsibility.
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  90. Which Income Inequalities, If Any, Can Be Justified as Incentive Payments?Peter Dietsch - unknown
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  91. Economic Incentives and Liberal Equality.Colin Macleod - unknown
    In order to assess to the degree to which the provision of economic incentives can result in justified inequalities, we need to distinguish between compensatory incentive payments and non-compensatory incentive payments. From a liberal egalitarian perspective, economic inequalities traceable to the provision of compensatory incentive payments are generally justifiable. However, economic inequalities created by the provision of non-compensatory incentive payments are more problematic. I argue that in non-ideal circumstances justice may permit and even require the provision of non-compensatory incentives despite (...)
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  92. Pogge -Vs- Sen on Global Poverty and Human Rights.Polly Vizard - unknown
    This Paper is part of a broader project examining the ways in which Amartya Sen’s “capability approach” provides a framework for thinking about global poverty as a denial or a violation of basic human rights. The Paper compares the “capability approach” as a basis for thinking about global poverty and human rights with the alternative framework developed by Thomas Pogge. Both the “capability approach” and Pogge’s theory of “severe poverty as a violation of negative duties” support the idea of “freedom (...)
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  93. The Rules of the Game. A Commentary on the Bombardier Ski-Doo Case.Thomas Beschorner - unknown
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  94. Ontology and the Individual.Vinca Bigo - unknown
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  95. Comments on John B. Davis, The Theory of the Individual in Economics. Identity and Value.Alban Bouvier - unknown
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  96. Is There Personal Identity in Economics?Stéphane Luchini & Miriam Teschl - unknown
    John B. Davis explores the question of what the economic individual is. He bases his considerations of orthodox economics on the assumption that these theories implicitly rely on a conception of the individual that has its origin in Locke’s idea of the self as subjective inwardness. Economic history then is the attempt to deal with Locke’s inherent problems that this view involved. If neoclassical economics still has aspects of human psychology, mainstream economics dropped the subjective concept of the individual out (...)
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  97. What Can the Stakeholder Theory Learn From Enron?Wayne Norman - unknown
    Roughly speaking, Enron has done for reflection on corporate governance what AIDS did for research on the immune system. So far, however, virtually all of this reflection on and subsequent reform of governance has come from those with a stake in the success of modern capitalism. This paper identifies a number of governance challenges for critics of capitalism, and in particular for those who urge corporations to voluntarily adopt missions of broader social responsibility and equal treatment for all stakeholder groups. (...)
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  98. A Moral Stakeholder Theory of the Firm.Attas Daniel - 2004 - Ethics and Economics 2 (2).
    To be a coherent and genuinely alternative conception to the shareholder model, any moral stakeholder theory must meet the following conditions: It must be an ethical theory; It must identify a limited group as stakeholders; The group must be identified on morally relevant grounds; Stakeholder claims must be non-universal; And not held against everyone. A principle for identifying the stakeholder is suggested as a person who has much to lose – financially, socially, or psychologically – by the failure of the (...)
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  99. A Reading of the Conception of Man in Hans Jonas’ Works: Between Nature and Responsibility. An Environmental Ethics Approach.Damien Bazin - unknown
    Hans Jonas is considered one of the principal leaders of the ecological doctrine that fights against the hegemony of technical power upon society. We will study the conception of man in Jonas’ ideology through the lens of nature and of responsibility. He brandishes the specter of disaster as a guard against technological excesses. He appeals to a prospective, universal and categorical responsibility to protect nature and to save future generations. Jonas considers responsibility as a method of anticipating the threat to (...)
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  100. Social Opportunities and Individual Responsibility: The Capability Approach and the Third Way.Jean-Michel Bonvin & Nicolas Farvaque - unknown
    The fashionable widespreading of Sen’s ideas coincides with a new mood in the shaping of public policies in affluent societies. In Europe indeed, an “opportunity”-based approach to social security has been implemented through the European Employment Strategy. Public action tends to rely on a procedural concern with individual opportunities or potentialities in the labour market. The underlying ethics is that individuals are then responsible to use these background opportunities in order to lead the kind of life they value most. More (...)
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